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Lowell Sun (Newspaper) - July 24, 1948, Lowell, Massachusetts CLAY CALLS BERLIN PARLEY Negro Trio Escapes Posse After Night Gun Battles White Sheriff Wounded to Start Big Chase at Hazelhurst, Mississippi HAZELHDBST, Miss., July 24 Negroes, one o whom shot and wounded a sheriff, escaped today in a manhun which at times during the night threatened to develop into major gun battle. A posse, variously estimated at later was to be removed to Jack from 100 to 250 men, formed dur ing the night to search the coun tryside around the crossroads village of .Dentville, four miles from here, for the Negro who shot Sheriff Julius Harper. The Negro, identified as John Fulgon, fired at Harper when the sheriff went to his house to arrest his son. Hit Woman The son was-accused of threat- ening to knife a white storekeep- er, Troy Middleton, and with striking Middleton's wife. Fulgon was believed to have been wounded in the leg in an ex- change of gunfire with the arrest- ing officers. When Harper called the youth from the house, he said the elder Fulgon came out with him "curs- ing and blasting away with a high-powered rifle." The sheriff fell with a bullet wound, not believed serious, In the thigh. Night Marshal Monroe Martin, who was with Harper, 'opened lire on Fulgon and said he thought he struck him in the Fulgon, his son and the other Negroes escaped in a truck which later overturned, pinning down one of the occupants. The trapped Negro, Luther Wiggins, was arestcd. but the others fled into the.woods. Taken to CaplUI Wiggins was brought to Hazel- hurst jail in handcuffs but he son, the state capital 50 mile away. One of the first to reach th side of the wounded sheriff wa E. W. Caraway, a farmer.' "I could have shot that Negr from the start as soon as he cam out of the house, .but I didn' want to kill Harper tol> Caraway. When .news spread that th sheriff had been hit, a posse wa rapidly formed and a search or ganized under supervision o Deputy Sheriff S. L. Bishop Four cars of state troopers wer sent into town wfthin a shor time and by dawn a personal rep resentative of Gov. Fielding L Wright was on the scene. Several times during the jiight the pursuers said they were in close contact with the huntec men. There were, several ex- changes of gunfire, but no one on either side was reported as hit. Certain members of the posse were designated to guard all roads in the area. Roadblocks were thrown up and every' car was halted. A number of Ne- jroes were rounded -up for ques- tioning during the night, includ- ng several Negro women. By dawn today most oi the searchers had cone home, but state police, aided by, several deputies, kept patrolling the area and sending small parties into .he woods. 1939 Dollar Now Worth Only Fifty-Seven Cents AP Expert Explains How Government Ascertained Prices at All-Time High RETAIL THE LOWELL 6 o'clock -Kl COUNTY TODAY'S INDEX Amusements Bridge Classified Oattit Drew 41 Hurloclc...... 5 Ridlo .11 ......111 .......H Chut..... 4 -----1. 9 Lookout ..........6. 7 .i.10. Editm...... 4 Old Timer....ID ..........IlWomtn's hcwi___5 County News Today on Pages 2 and 3 Attociated Preii International Servtce ISE COMPLETE NEWSPAPER Vnittd Fnu-Aimciattd Pren Wirtphot, Lowell Mass. Saturday July 24 1948 FOOD PtICB "TOP" THE CHART The j r- r arm jjira CO index-figure of omcer .nough for 1913 food pricti, .far left, but the latest figure, for June 15 of thij year, far right, !i 214.1, soaring above the top of.thii chart from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Thii chart was designed by the bureau to show prices from 1913 through '1946. Those for the past year and a half were added, employ- Ing BLS WIREPHOTO. Three Injured inChelmsford Accidents Lowell Man in Narrow Escape as Truck Skids in Rain CHELMSFORD Three per- sons were injured in three sepa- rate accidents here late yester- day and last night. Roland A. Soulard, 23, of 29 Tyler street, Lowell, narrowly escaped death in the first of three accidents when his truck skidded at 4 p. m. during the heavy rain, while, operating to- wards Norlh Chclmsford on fynpsboro road, struck nn elcc- ric light polo, lore down 20 .feet if fence arid turned over sev- :ral times. Chief' Ralph J. Hulslander, who investigated this accident, eported that Soulard was pass- ng a trailer truck when his light ruck' skidded, but that he was hrown from the seat of the ruck to the road and escaped much of the force of the impact. He was treated by Dr. Raymond Horan, who resides near the cene. The truck was badly dam- ged and had to be removed by wrecker. 'owcr Out Electric light and power serv- ce> in the Tyngsboro road see- on was-.put .but of'commisgion or more than two hours by the rash. At 9 o'clock last night, two cars ollided at the railroad crossing en con 'In Central square. The Wfirn Mnnunl P. Ufa, r., of 153 Ludlani street, Lowell, nd Theron1 Plastrldge of North- (Held, Vt. Both cars were' dam- and Lira complained. of in- .Wihslow P. X, 12 Pages 5 Cents Milk Price Going Up Another Half-Cent BOSTON, July 24 The price of milk' will' in- crease one-half cent per quart 1 in the Boston and Lowell-Lawrence area, it was announced today. Federal Market Adminis- trator Richard A. Aplin at- tributed the rise to a new milk price formula adopted last April 1. Pravda Says Tito Can't Re-Enter Fold Seven-Hour Tribute to Soviets Is Ignored LONDON, July 24 newspaper Pravda clearly in- dicated today there is no'chance that Marshal Tito of Yugoslavia and the Communist information bureau can patch up their dif- ferences. Both the Soviet press and would buy in August now worth only 57 WASHINGTON, July 24 (AP) Your dollar compared with what it is cents. That's the point behind the government's announcement that living costs have now reached an all-time high, The bureau of labor statistics said yesterday the cost of living is now 74 per cent above what it was in August. 1939. (The bureau gave that figure for June 15. It's figures are always about six weeks behind time.) But how does 'the government know how living costs are? Check Prlctt The bureau has about 125 people working for it around the country. In at least 56 cities every month they check on the price 'of things that middle-class families buy or pay for. What kind of things? Food, clothing, that means elec- tricity, gas, ice, coal, house furnishings, street car fares, and so on. 'AH these things are figured in groups. For example, food is in one group, clothing another, nouse furnishings another. The prices of the different items in the different groups are averaged out to arrive at the cost of living. Biggest Bise The biggest rise in the cost of any group since August, 1939, has been food. It has gone up 129 per cent. In the food group, the biggest rise was in meat It's gone up 167% per cent since August 1939. (Present prices are compared with August 1939, because that was the last month of peace be- fore World War II. After that prices started going up and have been rising ever since.) This will show what the rise in other groups has been since August 1939: 7 per cent government con- Kent- Fuels ..............36 12 per cent per cent House Furnishings.. 94 per cent Miscellaneous ......47 per cent t Miscellaneous includes street car, bus and train fares, automo- biles, gasoline, tires, taxes, medi- cal care, motion pictures, hair- cuts, laundry, soap, and so on.) Note that the increase in rents has been the smallest of all the groups. That's because rents still are under trol. President Truman is pretty sure to ask the special session of congress for power to control prices. .He asked for it last November but didn't get it. Mean- while, .prices have gone up. It Didn't Work While this country still had an OPA after the war. business- men argued this way: "Get rid of OPA and prices will go up a bit at first but then they'll come down as businessmen compete with one another." The only thing wrong with that argument is this: It didn't work. OPA was wiped out a couple of years ago bqt prices have gone up steadily till now they're at a peak. This will tell the story of prices: As explained above, prices in this country started climbing after World War 11 started in September, 1939. In the two years between Au- gust of that year and prices rose 17.6 per cent. George investigated this crash. Leo Adler, 19, of Tyngsboro road, was injured last night while walking along the high- by a way when he was struck machine. He was taken to St. Joseph's hospital in Lowell where it was found he had suffered a knee injury. Hospital authori- ties reported' that the operator Radio Moscow ignored 'Tito's seven-hour speech at the Yugo- slav Communist party congress in which he -paid tribute to, the Soviet Union. i Instead, under a Bucharest dateline, Pravda reported that the congress proceeded "in ah atmosphere of complete isolation from the international Com- munist -movement" Corriniunist' parties which- re- fused to send: representatives to Belgrade were listed. The only organization sending representa- tives, Pravda was a group of S lo the Communist parly of Switzer- Pravda described the Swiss Communist party as a "Police- Trotskyist-Provacatur organiza- tion which is tied up with a foreign imperialist intelligence service." French Solons Cool to Marie -PARIS, July 24 divi- oi the" machine involved" was i ded and assembly to- Charles Staples of Pond street, Dracut. Hold Dad in' Son's Stabbing BOSTON, July 24 Pavia, 22, father of three chil- dren was stabbed critically in the stomach today and. police said they were holding Pava's 66-year-old father, Vincent, a hotel cook. Detective Louis 'Pucillo quoted the victim's wife as saying her husband was slashed after an argument in which his father berated him for "not holding a steady job." Pucillo said Mrs. Pavia told him she snatched a six months old baby out of its crib Just be- fore the crib was smashed in the brawl. The older man was kneeling and "praying for his son" when police broke into the after the stabbing, Pucillo re- ported. Ten-Year Flood Control And Water Power Planned by Truman President Expected to Send Project to Congress in-Special Message Tuesday WASHINGTON, July 24 of immediate Truman "will lay be- fore the special session of con- gress next Tuesday plans for a vast ten-year program, costing upwards of ten billion dollars, for control of floods and develop- ment of water resources in the nation's major river watersheds. The president is expected to send the special message to con- jress on this subject after call- ng attention to it as a vital need n person at a joint session of the senate and house at 12.30 p. m. EibT Tuesday. Mr. Truman.- will point to the1 commence- ment on a co-ordinated program of river watershed development, not only to prevent disasterous and recurring floods, and to con- serve the top soil of the nation's farmlands that annually is washed away into the sea-, but for hydro-electric development essential to the nation's. prim- ary defense requirements. Special stress will be laid on the requirements of vast new sources of electric energy for atomic plants and to turn the wheels of the aircraft inous industries for the rearm- ament' program. day delayed its reply to a call from Andre Marie for its con- firmation of his appointment as premier. Marie appeared before the as- sembly at a. m. in a coolly received 15-minute speech he an- nounced, his intention of forming a strong, stable government around a sort of "brain trust" of France's elder statesmen. When the assembly recessed, it seemed certain that the Com- munists, supporters of General Charles De Gaulle and the ex- treme right would vote against Marie. Some 20 popular Repub- licans were expected to abstain. The Socialists were undecided. THE WEATHER Fair, Cool Tonight; Fair, Pleasant Sunday. See Full Report Page 3. Two Bandits Steal in Peabody Loot Safe and Rob Two Employees in Restaurant PEABODY, .July 24 Two youthful gunmen robbed a restaurant on the Newburyport turnpike of early today, bringing to the loot in two major eastern Massachusetts holdups within 15 hours. Entering an unlocked rear door at the restaurant, the ban- dits told Manager Clarence Brod- erick, 40, and Leo Gobeau, 61, both of P.cabody, 'is a slick- up your safe." A DRACUT ENTRY Gives "Old Gray Mare" Police Cruiser Great Run Unscheduled Race'Takes Place On Lowell-Lawrence Boulevard Mare Ain't What Be." Old Gray She used to Punch When Eroderick- started to argue, he was punched in the nose by one of the robbers who wore' a white handkerchief over his face. The pair took from the safe, from Broderick's wal- .ett and from Gobeau's wal- et. As the bandits fled in an automobile, one of them shouted 'don't move and try to follow us or you'll be plugged." Police said the gunmen were about live feet, nine inches tall and between 20 and 25 years old. One had brown. hair, hazel eyes That line is okay to start off the old familiar song with, but to Cruising Car Officers Palmer Lacoss and- Joseph Downs that is a lot- of hokum. For just after daybreak today they met up with a gray mare on the Lowell-Lawrence boulevard that would put Citation to shame for work-outs. The two officers were cruis- ing along the boulevard near the veterans village about 6 a. m., when they spotted a big gray mare cantering on the boulevard toward the city. They whirled the cruiser around and chase, but the gray mare gave ap parently went into over-drive an left the cruiser in the lerch. Motorists along the boulevard halted their .cars arid attemptei to join the post-dawn Gen Autry round-up, but the horst. had ideas of its own. Back anc forth along the boulevard gal loped the gray mare, and every and wore a brown jacket. The tlme police had the animal cor other was hatless and tieless and had a thin face.' Yesterday, two gunmen, rob- "oal Oil Co in Boston's :HarleEtown district of a pay- roll totaling in cash. B-29's Tardy At Tripoli Arrival of Scout- Force-Is Delayed TRIPOLI, July. 24 >ort officials said today there lad been a delay in the scheduled arrival of three American B.-29 uperfortresses on around the world. flight The Superforts were scheduled o arrive at Wheelus field, for merly Mellaha airfield, on a light from the.Azores last night. They had not appeared at 9140 m. The planes took off from Davis- Monthan air base at Tucson, Ariz. on Thursday. Greek Ship Catches Fire Burning Craft Putt Into Port HALIFAX, N. S., July 24 (AP) Greek freighter Diamantis caught fire near Gaspe bay today but made port at Douglastown, Que., the Canadian air force re- ported. Crewmen were taken ashore, two of them to hospitals. Fishermen were helping in ef- forts to put out the fire in two holds of the 5200-ton vessel. Reds Plot Sabotage of U. S. Industry, Says Rep. Hartley Communist Labor Leaders Ready Plans In Event We Go to War With Russia WASHINGTON, July 24 (INS) today Hartley declared that -U. S. Communist abor leaders are plotting sabo- :age of American industry in the-event oi war with Russia.. The chairman of the house abor committee refused to elab- orate on details of the informa- tion which he said he has re- vived recently. Hartley said: "I have received' information Jiat Communist labor leaders in :his country have set up plans to sabotage industry, in case war comes. I don't want, to work up a war scare but those are the acts." New Probe Hartley made the disclosure as he announced that his com- mittee will launch a series of hearings on Communist infiltra- tion-of labor unions during the extra session. Staff investigators have probed on the operation of unions led by LeJt-Wing leaders in preparation for the hearings. The New Jersey congressman said that the house group will begin hearings on Aug. 4. He listed three unions which will be spotlighted by the in- vestigations which 'he initiated with a probe of the Department Store Workers union in New York earlier this month. They were the United Electrical Work- ers, the National Maritime union, and the Fur and Leather Work- ers CIO organizations. nered, it bolted right through the rookie, cowboys. Finally, someone brought a fashioned a lasso and in this manner'brought the, old gray mare to terms. The horse apparently wanted an early morning stroll and just walked out of someone's. bm; pollen hroUflH Hit; Mil-oil Into work-out. Officer. Lacogs said, "There is one gray mare that's better than she used to Later this morning Rober Haverman of 5 Arlington street, Dracut, arrived at the police sta tion and asked if anyone had re- ported seeing a stray horse. Ha reported the 12-year-old steed had been placed In a paddock with a fence too high for it to jump. But the animal had ap parently rolled under the fence The horse, after its capture was taken to a stable owned b> Henry Snow at. 214 Hale street Haverman sent three boys tc return the horse to Dracut. More skilled in such matters than the police, the boys rode the steed bareback on the return trip. 7 Freight Cars Are Derailed RUSSELL, July 24 Seven of 63 cars of a speed- ing Boston Albany freight train were derailed here to- day and dragged along the tracks for nearly a mile. Police said Charles Rector, of Rensselaer, N. Y., was engineer of the train en route to Springfield from Albany The two track line was blocked for several hours after the derailment of three rear box cars, three freight cars and a tanker. Solons Rally to Aid of 29 Refugees Rep. Kennedy Aids Group That Landed in Hub BOSTON, July 24 Massachusetts congressmen ral- lied to the support today of a hardy band of 29 modern Pil- grims who crossed the Atlantic in a 64-foot ketch "to .escape Russian oppression" and "live in freedom" in the United States. While .immigration service hearings on the requests of the Baltic natives'to remain in this .country continued, Rep. John W. McCormack, house minority leader, said he would ask -con- gress to permit their entry. "To send them back would be imposing a death Mc- Cormack asserted. John F. Kennedy wired immigration Rep. Mass.') ficials that he was "'deeply in terested -in the 29 Latvian -ref- ugees Curtain" and asked that they be under 'the care of responsible agencies" pending the outcome of their cases. Ship All bin iwo of the 20 who ar- rived here afier a 43-day Atlantic crossing aboard the ketch Gundel were held at the immigration service's detention headquarters at East Boston. Capt John Rosenburg, 63ryear-old master of the Gundel, and one' member remained aboard t maintain the vessel. The refugees had their firs American meal last night at th detention station. An immigra tion official said' they "enjoye every bit" of the fish dinner. The seven-family group of 1 men, seven women and seven children first landed at. th Colonial port of Provincetown :rom England Wednesday morn ng. They came to Boston the next day. Capt. Rosenburg said the party includes 25 Latvians wo Swedes, a Lithuanian and a their Soviet-domi nated homes to Sweden four years ago. They pooled their resources and purchased the for Summons U.S. Moscow Envoy to Conference Top-Level Meeting to Discuss Situation in Berlin Area LONDON, July 24 United States summoned its highest level military and. diplo- matic experts on Germany and Russia to Europe today for ur- gent consultations on the Berlin crisis. The unprecedented move pre- ceded an expected climax in the crisis which will come soon with the dispatch of another note to the Kremlin that probably will open the door to four-power nego- tiations. Who Will Be There Participants in .the conference, the location of which is not yet known here, will be: Charles E. Bohlen, de- partment counselor and Secre- tary of State George C. Mar- shaU's top adviser on re- lations. Gen. Lucius D. Clay, returning from urgent talks with President Truman, Marshall, and the of staff in Washington. .Lewis Douglas, ambassador to London who heretofore has done all the negotiating with the Brit- ish and French for the United States on the Berlin crisis. Walter Bedell Smith, ambawa- wa> sum- reate Universal Health Body GENEVA, July 24 United Nations world health or ranization ended its first assem bly here today after drawing up a program for creation of the irst single world-wide health >ody in. history. The organization established a srogram to deal with malaria, tu jerculosis, veneral diseases, ma ernal and child health, nutrition nd sanitary engineering. He also committee announced will' act that the promptly upon the return of congress to Swift Action to End Shortages of Essential Foods Promised by Dewey Says Government Should Take Steps To Increase Meat and Dairy Products recommend against nine officials of the De- partment Store "Union who re- fused to state whether, they were members of the Communist party in the, stormy New York hearings. promised swift action to end shortages of essential foods if he is elected president, In his first, declaration on do- mestic problems since his nomin- ation, the Republican presiden- tial candidate said the govern- ment should take steps to in- crease production of meat, poul- try and dairy products. The governor opened a round- table discussion of farm prob- lems in the Pawling Grange hall with 76 agricultural editors from various sections of the country. He gave his views and sought theirs on important farm prob- lems. tic problems preceded a further study of international affairs with Arthur Vandenberg and John Foster Dulles, U. S. delegate to .the United Nations; is expected to a-conference tonight. Vandenberg and Dulles will arrive at Dewey's farm for dinner. Quaker Hill Dewey said that after their meeting he may have a public statement on the "critical" Berlin situation. The governor discussed for- eign affairs with Gen. Dwight Eisenhower at the farm yester- day.' They agreed the situation is but not "hopeless." dor to Moscow who _ _ moned last night by Wajhinitok to proceed immediately to Berlin. Probably Robert Murphy po- litical adviser to Clay in Berlin, who accompanied the general to Washington. The embassy here said "we do not know" when aiked where. and when all these top level people might get together. But American officials indicated that they would meet some time soon and that Bohlen would confer with high British and French officials. BEBLEV, July 24 Lucius Clay, racing back to Ger- (D- many from Washington, has of. summoned Ambassador Walter Bedell Smith from Moscow for a top-lever conference of western military and political offldm on the Berlin crisii, it wai re- ported today. Moscow dispatches aald Smith received the summons last night and planned to fly to Berlin to- morrow. Clny cxpcclcd lo arrive back In Berlin Jate today New It was believed. that Clay. was carrying new instructions from Washington and may give some hint of future 'American policy in. Berlin soon after his arrival. Marshall Vasslly D. Sokolovsky announced is- suance of a new currency for the Soviet zone of Germany and all of Berlin. The 'new currency will be called the Deutsche mark, similar to the new western zone currency. The three western powers im- mediately indicated acceptance of the new Soviet currency. Hope was expressed that this might form a basis for easing the Berlin blockade. Russia at one time ex- plained the blockade as a means of protecting the eastern zone from the effects of western cur- rency reform. Begins Tomorrow- Conversion of the new cur- rency will begin tomorrow and the old coupon marks, introduced last month after the western cur- rency reform, will be worthleM after Tuesday. The new currency will be ex- changed on a one-for-one basis for the' coupon. marks now estimated to be in cir- culation in the Soviet zone. The. Russian announcement carried by the official Soviet German news agency, said that an additional issue up to 000 marks in the new currency also was authorized. American authorities issued i simultaneous announcement indi- cting the three western powers have agreed to accept the new So- viet-sponsored currency in the western sectors of Berlin. The airlift carried 2311 tons of wd, coal and other supplies into Jerlm yesterday in a total of >16 trips, the biggest day since he aurlift started 29 days ago. WASHINGTON, July 24 (AP) plan to double the supplies being flown to Soviet-blockaded Berlin gave Russia in the .vords of Gen. Lucius D. Clay- pretty good evidence" that Am- ricans Will refuse to be chased rom the German capital. The American commander In ermany announced the plan to wost food and fuel at news conference yesterday, lol- owing two days of talks with he highest U. S. policy-making fficials, including. President tuman and Secretary of State Marshall. Clay's departure for Berlin to tart putting the plan into opera- on coincided almost exactly dth the departure of Charles E. ohlen, state department counsel- or, for London to confer with. CoHtUued Tkm
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