Boston Evening Globe, February 26, 1917

Boston Evening Globe

February 26, 1917

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Issue date: Monday, February 26, 1917

Pages available: 12 - Used by the World's Finest Libraries and Institutions
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Publication name: Boston Evening Globe

Location: Boston, Massachusetts

Pages available: 38,334

Years available: 1915 - 1922

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Boston Evening Globe (Newspaper) - February 26, 1917, Boston, Massachusetts Do Your Part — Help your newsdealer to regulate his Globe order by taking the paper regularly. Advertise your Real Estate, Business Chances and Apartments in tomorrow’s Globe.® ogfam (Ermine (El abe Evening C Edition J. Closing Market Prices VOL. XCI—NO. 57 BOSTON, MONDAY EVENING. FEBRUARY 26, 1917-TWELVE PAGES TH.°8Ki?51w'I&& co PRICE ONE CENT EVENING EDITION—7:30 O’CLOCK—LATEST STEAMSHIP LACONIA SUNK ZI AMERICANS ON BOARD + PRESIDENT IN ADDRESS TO CONGRESS URGES “ARMED NEUTRALITY” BRITISH TAKE KIITEL-AMARA LONDON Feb 26—Kut el Amara has been captured from the Turks by British forces, according to a statement made in the House of Commons 'today by Andrew Bonar Law, member of the British War Council. Mr Law announced in the House of Commons that as a result of the operations on the Tigris front all of GLOBE ADVERTISEMENTS PAY BEST TRY ONE AND SEE FIDELITY TRUSTCO OPPOSITE CUSTOM HOUSE TOWER HS A bank account is a warm friend on a cold day or a good friend at any time, lf the bank account is opened at this bank it works for you in winter’s cold or summer’s heat. We have always paid 4% on savings deposits. Interest begins Feb, 28. the Turkish positions from Sunnai-yat to Kut el Amara have been secured, and that the town of Kut el Amara automatically passed into the hands of the British. TURKS IN FULL RETREAT, SAYS LONDON WAR OFFICE LONDON, Feb 26 —The Turks on the Tigris River front are in full retreat toward Baghailah, 24 miles west of Kut-el-Amara, says an official statement issued today by the British War Department. The fleeing Turks are being engaged by pursuing British cavalry. Main Offica 131 State St. “HK" 630 Wash. St. & MARCH FIRST Last day of Special Low Prices LEW ANDOS Cleansers and Dyers 17 Temple Place 284 Boylston Street Phone orders received March 1st until ti p rn. 4% ON SAVINGS DEPOSITS Has always been paid by un INTEREST STARTS MARCH I United States Trust Co. Resources Kxoeed SI'I .OOO,(IOO. 30 COURT ST.    BOSTON * Cocktail, Punch, Hickey, lllKb-Uall. Julep, Float. All In one bottle PP “WARD 8 U. 8. Pat. Off. Reg. 83517 The most practical bottle of liquor on the market. Try a Bottle. I*t. 08c M. Pt. 38c * Ut. *1.25 M I ■■ . Your Deader will supply you. Distributors Manta Clara Co., Boston. Mass. WASHINGTON. Feb 26—President Wilson appeared before Congress at I this afternoon and asked for authority to place the United States in a state of “armed neutrality,” to resist the German submarine menace. News of the sinking of the Cunard Liner Laconia, with IO or more Americans aboard, was received here as the President was on his way to address Congress. Although without details, its grave possibilities added emphasis to the President’s words. Continued invasion of the plain rights of neutrals on the high seas, further sacrifices of American lives and ships, the intolerable blockade of American commerce—almost as effectual as if the country were at war—have forced the President into the step. Bell-ans Absolutely Removes Indigestion. One package proves it 25c at all druggists. FRENCH BREAK GERMAN LINES WEST OF VERDUN PARTS, Feb 26 — “Late yesterday French detachments broke into the German lines near Ville-sur-Tourbe (25 miles west of Verdun), destroyed a number of shelters and brought back prisoners and materials,” says today’s official an-* nouncement. "Two surprise attacks by the enemy, one on one of our trenches north of Beaulne, northeast of Soissons, the other on one of our posts northwest of Avocourt, were broken up. We took prisoners, including one officer. “There was intermittent cannonading at some points on the front. “Yesterday our pilots brought down three German airplanes. One of these machines fell In our lines near Mersy. iii the vicinity of Rheims; the second south of Pinon, in the Aisne; the third southeast of Altkirch. Our squadrons threw* numerous projectiles on bivouacs aud munitions depots near Spincourt, where a number of explosions were heard: on the aviation grounds and hangars at Buzancy, the railways at Ars-sur-Moselle, and on railway stations at Boussewiller and Woelfljng, in the region of Wissemburg.” FRENCH ATTACKS FAIL IN CHAMPAGNE DISTRICT BERLIN, Feb 26, by Wireless to Sayville, N Y—An unsuccessful attack was made In the Champagne yesterday by the French, it is announced officially. Following is the account of operations on tile Franco-Belgian front: “In several sectors between Armen-tieres and tho Avre, British reconnoitering advances were undertaken without success. In some instances these advances were attempted after artillery preparation, in others suprise attacks were made. “South of Cernay, in the Champagne, the French made an attack without success. Between the Meuse and the Moselle German reconnoitering detachments carried out successful enterprises. “In numerous aerial engagements yesterday our adversaries lost eight airplanes, two of them from the midst of an aerial squadron which' dropped bombs without success in the Baar district.” 14 KILLED WHEN~FRENCH AIRSHIP WAS DESTROYED BERLIN, via London, Fob 26—Fourteen men were killed by the destruction of the French airship reported in yesterday’s official communication to have been brought down by the German defensive Are. Additional details regarding this incident were given out here officially today as follows; “The French airship brought down on Friday night was set ablaze by our antiaircraft Are. It fell in Haines near Weelferdingen. west of Sanrgeinund (in Lorraine). When it landed the ammunition which it carried exploded. The crew, consisting of 14 men, were killed.” RUSSIANS RENEW THEIR ATTACKS IN CARPATHIANS BEHLIN, by Wireless to Sayville, Feb 26 The Russians renewed their attacks yesterday in the Carpathians in the vicinity of Tartar Pass. Today's official (outlawed UU th* Fifth Pug*. President Wants Peace President Wilson, asking to be empowered to take whatever steps are necessary, which includes the arming of ships, the convoying of merchant vessels by warships, or whatever steps are necessary, made it plain again that he wanted peace, but not at the price of American lives and rights or by driving the American flag from the ocean. Congress is expected not only to authorize the President to use the armed forces of the country, but also to provide money. Proclaimed Once Before Once before, in the infancy of the republic, a state of armed neutrality was proclaimed to check “predatory violence” upon American rights, in the war between France and Eng land, but it did not result actually in a declared war for the United States. Whether another armed neutrality will mean war depends on whether Germany realizes that the United States is ready to protect its neutral rights by whatever means are necessary. With a full realization of the solemnity of the occasion the President took his action today with the calm confidence that Congress and the country will stand behind him. The grim faced body of Senators and Representatives who less than a month ago heard the President pronounce the words which announced a severance of diplomatic relations with Germany—an act which in all the history of first class Nations always had led to war—heard today in tense silence and grave attention the words which carry the American republic a step farther in its stand against ruthless sacrifice of neutral rights and lives, a step nearer war, if it must be. Address Began at I P M President Wilson arrived at the Capitol just before I p rn, and promptly at that hour stepped up to the clerk’s desk in the hall of the House, where both branches of Congress, meeting in special joint session, were assembled before him. He spoke as follows: “Gentlemen of the Congress — I have again asked the privilege of addressing you because we are moving through critical times during which it seems to me to be my duty to keep in close touch with the houses of Congress, so that neither counsel nor action shall run at cross-purposes between us. because sunk. American ships have been THE WEATHER United States Weather Bureau forecasts: For Boston and its vicinity:    Unsettled, probably rain tonight and Tuesday morning, followed by clearing and colder; strong to high westerly wind. For Southern New England:    Probably rain tonight and Tuesday: colder Tuesday; southwest gale, shifting to northwest. For Northern New England:    Rain or snow tonight; Tuesday, cloudy and much colder; south gale, shifting to northwest. For Eastern New York: Rain tonight, colder in north and west portions; Tuesday cloudy and much colder; southwest shifting to northwest gale. Temperatures at 8 a rn: Greenville, Me, 12; (lowest last night 3 below zero); Block Island, 40; New York, 38; Washington, IO; Chicago, 44; Havre, Mont, 26 below zero. Highland Light, 8 a rn: Wind southwest. 32 miles, cloudy; Hull, south-southwest, 16 miles, cloudy; Nantucket Lightship, barometer, 30.28 inches; temperature, 38; wind south, 28 miles, partly cloudy. Shippers’ forecast: Prepare shipments north during the next 36 hours for temperatures of IO to 15; west, 15 to 20; soutn. 20 to 25; Boston And its vicinity, 20 to 25. Boston observations, 8 a rn:    Barom eter, 30.05 inches; temperature, 36; highest yesterday, 27; lowest last night. 21; wind south, 16 miles, cloudy; humidity, OI percent. The Temperature Today The thermometer at Thompson's Spa records the temperature up to 3 p in as follows: UUU toil 3 a m  .....................  40    28 6 it iii..  ...... 40    31 0 a rn  ......  41    40 t i in.............................. 43    ">2 1 p in ..........................    42 3 p in...........    40    at 3 p IU............................    38    81 “To Disregard Promises” “On the 3d of February I officially informed you of the sudden and unexpected action of the Imperial German Government in declaring its intention to disregard the promises it had made to this Government in j not occurred-April last, and undertake immediate submarine operations against all commerce whether of belligerents or of neutrals, that should seek to approach Great Britain and Ireland, the Atlantic coasts of Europe or the harbors of the Eastern Mediterranean, and to conduct those operations without regard to the established I restrictions of international practice, without regard to any considerations of humanity even which might interfere with their object. “That policy was forthwith put into practice. It has now been in active exhibition for nearly four weeks. Its practical results are not fully disclosed. The commerce of other neutral Nations is suffering severely, but not, perhaps, very much more severely than it was already suffering before the 1st of February, when the new policy of the Imperial Government Was put into operation. “We have asked the cooperation of the other neutral Governments to prevent these depredations, but I fear noue of them has thought it wise to join us in any common course of aetiou. Our own commerce has suffered, is suffering, rather in apprehension than in fact, rather because so many of our ships are timidly keeping to their homo ports than Two American Ships Sunk “Two American vessels have been sunk, the Housatonic and the Lyman M. Law. The case of the Housatonic, which was carrying foodstuffs consigned to a London firm, was essentially like the cease of the Frye, in which, it will be recalled, the German Government admitted the liability for damages, and the lives of the crew, as in the case of the Frye, were safeguarded by reasonable care, “The case of the Law, which was carrying lemon box staves to Palermo, disclosed a ruthlessness of method which deserves grave condemnation, but was accompanied by no circumstances which might not have been suspected at any time in connection with the use of the submarine against merchantmen as the German Government has used it. “Tying Up of Our Shipping” “In sum, therefore, the situation we find ourselves in with regard to the actual conduct of the German submarine warfare against commerce and its effects upoi^ our own ships and people is substantially the same that it was when I addressed you on the 3d of February, except for the tying up of our shipping in our own ports because of the unwillingness of our shipowners to risk their vessels at sea without insurance or adequate protection, and the very serious congestion of our commerce which has resulted, a congestion which is growly rapidly more and more serious every day. “This in .itself might presently accomplish, in effect, what the new German submarine orders were meant to accomplish, so far as we are concerned. We can only say, therefore, that the overt act which I have ventured to hope the German commanders would in fact avoid has MMM* STEAMSHIP LACONIA German Instructions “But while this is happily true, it must be admitted that there have been certain additional indications and expressions of purpose on the part of the German press and the German authorities which have increased rather than lessened the impression that lf our ships and our people are spared it will be because of fortunate circumstances or because the commanders of the German submarines which they may happen to encounter exercise an unexpected discretion and restraint, rather than because of the instructions under which tfcose commanders are acting. “It would be foolish to deny that the situation is fraught with the gravest possibilities and dangers. No thoughtful man can fail to see that the necessity for definite aetiou may come at any time, if we are in fact, and not in words, merely, to defend our elementary rights as a neutral Nation. It would be most imprudent to be unprepared. Torpedoed Without Warning, London Reports QUEENSTOWN, Feb 26—The Cunard Line steamship Laconia, of 18,099 tons gross, which sailed from New York Feb 18 for Liverpool, has been sunk. The survivors are- said to number 270. They will be landed tonight. Congress About to End “I cannot in such circumstances be unmindful of the fact that the •*- Luutlnued UU lh* Filth F»««, LACONIA SAILED WITH IOO PASSENGERS, 7 AMERICANS NEW YORK, Feb 26 — The Cunard Liner Laconia sailed from New York on Feb 18 with IOO passengers, among whom were seven Americans, cans. The Laconia was one of the largest vessels of the Cunard fleet and the largest thus far sunk since the new German submarine warfare commenced. The Americans aboard were Miss Phyllis Barker. New York; Arthur T. Kirby, Bainbridge, N J; Mrs F. E. Harris, New York; F. P. Gibbons of the Chicago Tribune, Mrs Mary E. Hoy and Miss Elizabeth Hov of Chicago. There e%as also one American in the second class cabin, Rev James Wareing of New \ork, making a total of seven. Eight passengers who were aboard the Holland-America Liner Ryndam-which returned to port to avoid the danger of the submarine menace, sailed on the Laconia. The Ryndam reached New York just before the Laconia sailed. None of these were Americans. The Laconia was commanded by Capt W. R. D. Irvine. Other officers were G. Bain, chief engineer, and C. T. Speeding, purser. First cabin passengers totaled 33 and second cabin 42. The crew numbered 216. There were no steerage passengers. Twenty Americans, all native born, were members of the crew of the Laconia. TORPEDOED WITHOUT WARNING, SAYS LONDON LONDON, Fob 26— It is stated authentically that the Laconia was torpedoed without warning. WIFE OF U. S. ARMY OFFICER WAS A PASSENGER PH ILA DELPHIA, Feb 36 — The Vessel Reported Today as Sunk and Totals Since Feb I Ships    I    on    mine Laconia, British.......... 18,099 Total ................. 18,099 Previously Reported 409,336 Total Since Feb I.......427,435 Of the 175 ships thus far reported sunk since Feb I, two were American, 48 of other neutral Nations, 108 British and 17 of other belligerents. wife of Lieut Col Frank E. Harris, United States Coast Artillery, commandant of Fort du Pont, on the Delaware River, below this city, was a passenger on the Laconia. She was on her way to England on business. CUNARD LINE HEARS ONLY ONE LIFE WAS LOST NEW YORK, Feb 26-The Cunard Line announced at 1:36 p m that they had received conArmation from the British Admiralty of the destruction of the Laconia, and that tile advices stated there was only one casualty thus far known. The ship was torpedoed last night, the line announced. LOSS OF 5000 SACKS OF UNITED STATES MAIL NEW YORK, Feb 26 —Five thousand sacks o I .United States mail The Cosmopolitan Christmas Club WILL CLOSE Next Saturday Night On account of the large number who are making application, we have decided to keep the 40 weeks’ COSMOPOLITAN CHRISTMAS SAVINGS CLUB Open for this week only Start an account any day THIS WEEK—From 50 Cants to Five Dollars. Cosmopolitan Trust Co. 60 DEVONSHIRE STREET BOSTON Continued on the Fifth rage. 5^^ IMPORTER OF GOWNS 227 Dartmouth Street Reduction Sale Today, Tuesday and Wednesday ZFsSSZ ;