Sunday, November 2, 1890

Boston Daily Globe

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Boston Daily Globe (Newspaper) - November 2, 1890, Boston, Massachusetts THE 'BOSTON SUNDAY GLOBE-SUNDAY, NOVEMBER % 1890-^TWENTY-EIGHT PAO-ES. , rs of Tn emoorafs, Big Saturday Night lass Gaston Presides at * Temple, ftussell Sums Up Against McKinleyisin. Corcoran Gives Credit to Cleveland. Edward Avery, Harvey N. Gollison, Josiafi Quincy, For the fourth timo during the present political campaign, thcPemocratsof Boston turned out last night in gootlly numbers to greet their champions. Tho Republican choers at Faneuil Hall had scarcely died away ere tho good and true democrats of Boston commenced to gather at Tremont Temple. It �was the old, old story over again. Long before the time set for the opening of the meeting every seat on the floor and in tho galleries was occupied and standing room was at a premium. But that mftdo no difference. The vast audience grew larger and larger, and it was safe to say that Tremont Tniuplo never held a larger or moro enthusiastic audience than it did last night. The very fact that that favorite Democratic sire, es-Gov. William Gaston, -was to preside, and that their candidate for (governor. William E. Russell, would speak, and that Hon. Edward Avery would also address tho mooting, was onrush to ensure an audience, noted for its intelligence and sturdy Democracy. Ex-Gov. Gaston. Hon. Edward Avery, Gen. Francis A. Walker, Hon. William E. Russell, Soth Thomas and Winslow Warren, surrounded by a host of admiring Democrats, gathered in the ante-room prior to the calling of the meeting to order. Shortly after 8 o'clock, Nathan Mathews, Jr., chairman of the Democratic State executive committee, arm-in-arm with Gov. Gaston, and followed hv Hon. William E. Russell and John T. Wheelwright, took up tho march to the platform. As soon as they emerged from the door the audience recognized them, and shout after shout and cheer after cheer went up from tho 4000 or rnore throats in tho hall. The sound of the music from Baldwin's hand, stationed in tho gallery, was drowned in tho deafening applause which greeted Hon. William E. Russell and his distinguished associates. It seemed like old times to see Gov. Gaston again at the helm helping the boys out, and tiro audience appreciated it and accorded him ono of his bid timo ovations. Gov. Gaston wns liberally applauded throughout, his remarks, and when ho introduced William E. Russell, "who is to ho the next governor of Massachusetts," the audience cheered him tlnioe. Mr. Russell tried to speak, hut ho was interrupted five times by the cheers from the audience. Again he stepped forward for the purpose of addressing the audience, but was again interrupted by an individual who stood up in his seat and cried out "Three cheers for Russell!" and they were given with n wiil. Harvey K. Collison followed, and held tho audience for 20 minutes or more. His reference to Sherman Hour brought forth eu-�thusiasUc cheers for the Ball an I young niati of the fifth district. Hon. Edward Avery, so well known to Boston audiences in years past, was the next speaker, lie win; heartily and cullm-aslically cheered, and his speech was full of tolling points. Mr. Avery's speech can bo well considered as one of the ablest of tiie campaign, and he paid a clow-lug tribute to the young men of Die Democratic party, whom he said were leading it to victory. When ho came to the name of Dr. William Everett it was some time before he could go on with his reworks, so spontaneous and hearty was the applause that greeted it. He handled Speaker Reed without gloves, eurj closed with an eloquent plea in Democracy's behalf. EX-GOV. GASTON. Ke Introduces the "Next Governor of llusuacbusetts.** In calling the meeting to order Chairman Matthew:, said: Fr.l.i.o\Y (.'jtikexs-I take plmiMue in failing this imw.-tiug to order on behalf o! the Democratic Stale commiit<'c. and in introducing to you as its presiding otiicer Hon.William Gaston.ex-Govcmor ol Massachusetts. (Great applause.) Hon. William Gaston was received with a great outburst of applause, and said: "Ssuprcciau-, and I am deeply grateful for the kiminesh ol your reception. "Ladies and gentlemen, our friends the Republicans tell u.-i that we are living in a period of un'-xampk-d prosperitv. ami that they have givtn n tariff act, and that Mr. Lodge's force bill is about to become a law, and that they hiive ;i splendid Congress of tin: t'nitwl Stales, which consists chiefly of Mr. Rei-d of Maine Uippiau.'-c and laughteri. and they have substituted tin: MnUrMjian-tJiip of Mr. .Benjamin Harrison, such as it is  laughter), lor the kiut�siiiam;iiii. of Grover Cleveland. (Tremendous ujiolause.) And tij'-v say, in addition to these immense national* blessings which they have conferred upon the people. tt:ey have an exec;!, nt State fiovemio'-ni of Mas-.nclniM-tts. (L,oi(,'hf:i.) Althonsli Hoy h�y i but Repub-cbii Legislatures, by reaswi of the clamor of the people. Lave every now and then investigated themselves, yet these investigations didn't diM-luse auylliiUK that ought to disturb anybody. (Laughter.) S'ow tln-v mjv-hat amidst these beauties uwi glories oi theirfatuou*reign, they don't h,-e whv everyho-iy is not satisfied ano eou-t'-Kied.' but if �. happens thai then lal: iciudit 'l'ii. ir i olo eh bi � k in"i'> tiie plot, life object of a not I'M'tflioii. Legislature did not need to bo investigated by itself or anybody elso. (Applause.) Thov romember when Massachusetts slatesmon wero loyal and faithful to tho State They remember tho timo when tho interests of Massachusetts wore not to bfl postponed to the interests of the party, ami they remember also the days of Grover Clove-land (applause), and having those memories fresh in their recollection they aro determined to do all they can to throw unfaith-nien out of otlico. and thoy intond to begin that service on Tuesday next. (Applause.) That is why that will be our day of victory, a victory which shall not only Ifjess Massachusetts, but send its benoiicent'results across our borders throughout the whole country. (Applause) Ladies and gentlemen, my main duly is to present the honorable gentlemen whom you are to hear speak toiiiiyht, and, first, I shall call upon a gentleman who is and has been our lender, whoso courage, whoso eloquence, and power is conceded, a man who is to be tho next governor of Massachusetts. (Loud applause.) You all understand, ladies and gentlemen, that I have described the Hon. William 15. Russell, whom I have the pleasure of introducing' to you. (Great applause.) HOW. WILLIAM E. KUSSELL. . ain voters ol Republican!,, who " ' " ' the L'litti-d Mute* is;'. I'hU'li-.j Thev retot-uil-u -.he ConglV: ibi-l;{li\ e t-o id ti Those Binsing Cheers the Defiant Cry of Troops in Line. Hon. W. E. Russell said: Fullow-Gitizexs-Those ringing cheers aro tho defiant cry of the troops in lino of battle, ready and anxious for a final charge upon the works of the enemy. Tlioy aro your assurance that together we stand for a last and supreme effort to plant in victory hero in the stronghold of tho Republican party the glorious standard of the Democratic faith. (Applause.) It is a little late in tho campaign to enter into a detailed discussion of the questions of tho day, nor have I time here tonight to make any extended remarks. The State committoe, beliovijig that I have had too much leisttro the last three weeks, and have done too little work, have kindly arranged tonight for mo to make four speeches to atone for my past laziness, (Laughter.) It is not too lato to sum up briefly our case against the McKinley bill and tho high tariff policy of the Republican party. What have we shown? First, that it adds to tho burdens of the people by raising the cost of living. Not satisfied with high tariff taxos on the necessaries of life, tho Republican party has raised them still higher on almost every article that is necessary for tho food, clothing and shelter of the people. This fact wo have proved not only by advertisements-they may be deceptive to catch trado-but by trade circulars and by every man's experience Wo havo shown that prices have been raised because of the Mc-Kinley bill on olothiiitr and underclothing of men, ivoinon and children, pn hardware, on crockery and glassware and on tinware, on various kinds of steel and load and paints, on carpets .and plushes and household furnishings, on buttons and gloves and paper of various kinds, on musical instruments and mouldings and picture frames, on many articles of food and other things that might be mentioned, as well as on the champagne and Havana cigars to which the Experience of air. X.odgo seems to ho limited. (Laughter.) Why, we have even found an advertisement of higher prices by that shrewd business man, tho great and good and only perfect John Wanamnker. Truly the statement of tho Evening Record of Oct. 4, ISftO, two days before the McKinley bill took effect, has come true. It then said that "The new tariff law to the majority of tho residents of this city will mean higher prices for all varieties of goods." (Applause.) Somnch fortlicburdens that bear directly on all the people. Now, a few words as to the alleged benefits of the bill. It is said to be for the hen-efit of industries and the protection of labor, but it has been shown over and over again that many of its high tariff taxes are a positive injury to industry, and therefore a certain injury to labor, Let me briefly refer to a few. First, the iron industry. It has been shown thatin 10 years nearly one-half of the rolling mills of New England have died; that many of the furnace lires havo gone out; that tho cut nail industry has almost per-lisliod: that Gov. Ames' shovel factory is tho only survivor in its line, of importance; that heavy niillwrighting is a thing of the past in New England, and we havo pointed to great industries like tho Norway iron and steel works, the South Boston Iron Company, the Old Colony Iron Cpmpany, and iron works at Bridgewator and Waroham and Weymouth and Fall River and Taunton and all through Massachusetts, that have been shut down. We have shown that a great industry like the Washburn & Moen wire mills of Worcester, by its own confession, is establishing works in the West largely because they have failed to got a reduction of tariff duties on coal and iron. (Applause.) And these tariff taxes are tho reason that the Iron Industry Itself lias given for its decline. In its statement it said that tariff taxos on coal and iron were wiping out the iron industries, large and small, in Now England, and that the industries that remained, remained principally because they had been engaged in the degradation of labor in Now England. What does this industry need? It needs free conl and iron, and so riflS iron and steel industries of New England petitioned Congress for this relief. Has any Republican on tho stump ventured to say that froo coal or iron would not be a great benefit to this industry in New England, or has he given a satisfactory reason why New England should not have free coal and iron? Not to my knowledge. I have heard Republicans excusing their poiioy by saying there was a community of interests between Pennsylvania and Massachusetts. Mr. Lodge has said that there are 4+ States, and the tariff is made lor all, and that we must look out. for the, interest of all the others as well as Massachusetts. But Mr. Lodge, in criticising the course of Webster on tho tariff of ltiiiM, said: "It is true that his course was a sectional one, but everybody else's on this question was the same, and it could not be, it never has been and never will be otherwise." Massachusetts is asking for no advantage under any law. She is willing to take her chance In a fair competition with any and all the States of this Union, but sho does object to the hand of the law holding tho knife with which Pennsylvania is cutting the throat of her great industry. (Loud applause.) Sho does object to find tho Republican party even ol our own Statu upholding that law. In this there is no community of Interest between Pennsylvania and Massachusetts, but an irrepressible conflict. (Applause.) And when we see our old Commonwealth Almost cm IScntled Knees asking thai the law "which is oppressing her industry be lifted and see her weeping over the loss of an industry that for lioo years has been her glory and her boast, as I am a son of Massachusetts, if I were one of her representatives, so help me God I would raise my voice to help her in hor distress. (Loud applause.) 1 should bo ashamed in such a conflict to place policy above principle or party above the welfaro of my Commonwealth; out the Republican party and Republican representatives from this State have bowed the knee to party dictation, ami, under tho lash of Pennsylvania and Ohio, have been disloyal to Massachusetts' interests. (Applause.) Take as another instance the woollen industry. More than once has that industry asked for free wool. Every manufacturer knows that taxed wool is a burden to his industry; that because it is a burden that industry insists upon an' additional tariff protection for its goods. Five hundred and thirty woollen manufacturers and dealers petitioned tiie Republican party for free wool, among them such men as Lynmii and lilcakic and Stevens and Hazard and Met-calf, great manufacturers known throughout the whole country, but the Republican party, instead of granting this request, has defiantly increased tho duties upon wool. No wonder that the Commercial Bulletin of 1 lilts city, representing especially the manufacturing interests, was forced to say that the increase of the duty on carpet wool was *'.S2�eei* Idiocy." What has been the effect of this increase? Take the statement of the treasurer of the Bigelow Carpet Company, reported in the Post,Oct. L'T,18!Mf. He said first a new tariff bill of meant an advance which wouJdcome out of thepoekrtsof consumers. He e.d'.U'.l that he was r, protectionist and believed in the principles of protection, bin tiie McKinley bill did not suit his linn. He coub! not tell just how they were coming out. but if thr worst caiue to the worst they T/oii!d irei utu of the business. 'Lent .-taieineiit exactly conforms to the aciion i,f tin great enroet manufacturers of Philadelphia. First they announced to tho tiade an increase in tiie price of carpets from 1 \i to :;,'( cents a y;inl : next by a unanimous \( they, reprem-nting two-tnirds of all tiie iooni.^ in tiie � tiuntry, have signed an agreement to >liut down 40 per cent, of their looms 1")�one year, a- reported in the New Vorf: Nation. Of,, p. !,>..;>o. An ineit'ii^e in lie- taxes on wool means then. ::ed i;ie, been proved lo mean, higher price.-,, shutdown ol mills, men out of em-oioyiii'in and iaee-,-ari!y lower \"> a;.'es, ju.->l ;e tie- flene'iiaiie parte .had predicted. i.Appiau-e.- Hut the K- par, party has not been ,i;te>T;eu wito ,{� i:a: an ,;i;.:ui-y To the iron and;>tiii- ! ilasMatv. li seems hi .1 nliiiu -.el lb, y .vv. tb" head ot a fti;r-l!e!;i , a : � in,ill !;,..- . i,. he the struck by taking mica from tho froo list and putting a heavy duty upon it. So the building industry, giving employment to tens of thousands of men, has been struck by putting higher duties on building materials and moro than trebling tho duty on lime Against <lio Earnest Protest ot tho leading builders, contractors, architects and masons of Boston and vicinity. (Applause.) So tho canning and tinware industry was struck, by moro , than doubling tho duty on its raw material, tin plates. Notwithstanding the fact that this is an injury to ifloo industries in this line, that givo employment directly and indirectly to nearly 2,000,000 people, it also adds to the. burdou of the whole people of tho country in increasing the cost of a staple articlo of food. (Applause,) So the leather and boot and shoe industries aro threatened with a serious blow by the action of the Republican party in this bill, in compelling tho President on Jan. 1, 1802, to put back tho tax on hides of a cent and a half a pound, unless by that time wo get reciprocal trade advantages from the comitrios from which they come. If things remain as they are today, "It shall bo his duty" to put back that tax. Then will Massachusetts fool that serious ovil against which her press, her people and every boot and shoe industry in tho whole State protested last April. So, too, it lias.beon shown that by this high tariff policy of the Republican party and its restrictive legislation a serious blow lias been struck at our shipping industry, and heavy burdens placed upon agriculture. In nil of those acts the Republican party, instead of standing for protection to labor and to industries, are inflicting upon both a positive and serious injury. Avitli tho evident benefit that would c'omo to our industries from free raw material, it is hard to understand why we should not get it. Over and over again in the past tho Republican party in its official utterances has declared for a reduction of the, tariff, for a revision of the tariff to meet the Changed Industrial Conditions of Now England, for freeing entirely tho great necessaries of life, and for other measures which meant relief to our people and to our industries. But now they have repudiated their past declarations and promises, havo enacted still higher tariff, and instead of defending and explaining to �Massachusetts how sho is benofitod by such a- policy, they try to persuade her to believe that tho whole question is settled. (Applause.) The real reason why Massachusetts does not get a reduction on these high tariff taxes that are injuring her, is becauso behind neariy every ono of them there stands some man, or group of men, some small and selfish interest, making enormous wealth out of this taxation of tho whole people. (Applause.) To those few men and to those selfish interests tho Republican party is subservient. Since 1888 at least those interests have controlled and dominated it. Behind the tax on copper stands a selfish interest making enormous wealth by taxation of tho whole people. Behind the tax on tin plates stand 10 or 12 Pittsburg millionnaires demanding'that a whole people and an enormous Industry bo taxed that they by law may add to their wealth. Behind the tax on Bessemer ores are tho Lake Superior mines, declaring each year enormous dividends, ono of them in IB months dividing an amount more than its whole capital stock. Behind the tax on lumber is an Alger making his millions by selfish use of the people's laws. Behind tho tax on steel is aCarnagie, who confessed that ho takes a million and a half dollars a year out of his industry, and that, too, lis gets by taxing the whole people for his selfish purposes. (Applause.) So we might go through the list, showing in almost every instance that tho people's law is being warped by selfish interests. For Selfish Puvpoaes. I believe that In this tariff discussion there is involved a moral as well as an economic question; that those fundamental principles of a free government are at stake, equality and justice under tho law. (Applause.) I never felt that I was so good a Democrat as when f denounced before the people of this Commonwealth these unjust and oppressive taxes. I know in this my party stands for the rights of tho many against the privileges of the fow, for freedom of tho individual from unnecessary burdens and taxation, for justice and equality under the law. I know that it is serving tho people's cause and fighting tho people's battle. This struggglo of the people lor their rights and for equality is au old-one, and in that struggle never yot havo tho people finally lost. A hundred years ago there came a great uprising of tho peoplo of France, who, op-prcBsedlor years by unjust laws that built up caste and classes and gave privileges to the fow while they laid their burdens upon the many, at last rose in their might and demanded equality under the law. In their fury to get this they wiped away all law. Fifty years ago there camo a great uprising of tho peoplo in England. What was it? 'It wns a demand that those laws which taxed the com and the food and the necessaries of life and the raw materials of their industries should be wiped away. It was an uprising of the peoplo for their rights against the privileges of the few. It was the masses against the landlords of England who wero insisting for their own selfish benefit upon taxing tiie food of the whole people. I say it was a great popular agitation. Who were its leaders? Such men as Cobden and Gladstone und IPan O'Connoll. When that movement was successful and those laws .were repealed, there camo to England a greater growth and prosperity than she had over known. Her commerce, her industries, her wealth, all greatly increased, and with these camo higher wages, less crime and all the signs of prosperity of a nation, Let mo in closing tonight leave with you tho words ot the statesman of that day, who, changing the convictions of u lifetime because lio could not stand Out. against this great popular agitation, brought in tho bill for the repeal of those unjust- laws. Facing lu Parliament the representives of class and of tho landlords of Kugland, Sir Robert Pool in closing the debate, said: "1'shall leave a naino execrated by every monopolist who clamors for protection because it conduces to his own individual benefit, but it may be that I shall leave a name sometimes remembered with expressions of good-will in the abodes of theso whoso lot it is to labor and to earn their bread by tho sweat of their brow, when they shall eat their abundant and untaxed food, the sweeter because no longer leavened with a measure of injustice." Why cannot this old Commonwealth, that many a time has led in great agitations for human rights, lead now m this agitation for justice ami equality under tho law? If that is her temper and spirit as it used to be of old, then lot her turn lier back upon that party that has neon disloyal to her interests, and making Democracy triumphant, lead the country forth to tho bright dawn of a better and a purer day. 'Then may she say: "I, too, old Massachusetts, shall leave a nauio execrated by every monopolist who clamors for protection because it conduces to his own individual benefit; but it may be,"-and this shall be her glory and her boast-"that 1 shall leave a nauio sometimes remembered with expressions of goodwill in tho abodes of those whoso lot it is to labor and to earn their bread by the sweat of their brow, when they shall eat their abundant and untaxed food the sweeter because no longer leavened with a measure of injustice." (Prolonged applause.) HARVEY 5ST. COLLISON. Progress of the Hepublicnn Party Backward. Harvey N. Collison was then presented and alter declaring his Democracy traced the history of the original leaders of the original Republican party, and declared that- some of them would be found, if alive now, in the front ranks of tho Democratic party. lie then went on to show tho influences that in secret conclave operated in themak ing of the MeKinloy tiiriiY. He reviewed the progress of the Republican party in the wrong direction which had driven so many men out of the party aud concluded by telling a story. HON. EDWARD AVERY. "A Little More Grape, Dynamite, Gen. Huosell." Mr. Gaston then presented Hon. Edward Avery of Quincy as an old-time leader of tiie Democracy, aud lie was received with hearty cheers and applause. Mr. Avery said: Mil. CliAinM.-lN, l.ADli-.S A Nil (i KXTI.F.MKN -if there is any one fact more than another thai adds to my plca-aire in appearing lief ore a Democratic audience in jioston, it is the faci of finding my old friend, who so many times has led'the Boston Democracy to victory, here ill the. chair presiding over our discussion ami deliberation. (Loud applause.) 1 have been asked dm ing this campaign, "Where is tiie old guard?" "Why do you put the young men forward?" "Why don't you come out as you used to and let us hear from you?" Why. my friends, the greatest battles are fought by the young ollicers while the old generals stand behind and simply point out tie- weak places in the ranks "Well, why didn't you pass the bankrupt act?" "Oh, we did so much business in this Congress that wo hadn't time." "Well, why haven't you looked after the civil service reform?" "Oh, bless your soul, we had fried all the fat out of the manufacturers two years ago, and what could wo do for fat now if it were not for tho office-holders." Consequently they said, Stand aside for the present, civil service, and put our hands in the pockets of the office-holders." They have been apologizing. Why, my friend Mr. Plereo in tho third district says: "This has been it Congress of business. Mj\ Rood sjiys wo have boen doing business this year m Congress." Well-they have been doing a good deal of business, my friends, (Laughter.) They havo Spent /Ml Your Money, so that there was left an empty treasury. And , then they had a little difficulty amongst themselves, to settle while the speaker sat in his chair, like a referee at a prize fight, to see fair play between cultivated Republicans who wero battering each others' noses. (Applauso.) And then they looked around and said: "We owe some debts." But to whom do they owe tho dobts? To the workingmeti of New England? No! Who then? Why, to tho men that contributed the little, corruption fund of a few million dollars that enabled them to buy the election of a president. (Applause.) And they said: "Wo havo got to pay it. This House must go into liquidation," And so it goes into liquidation. Quay is the auditor (laughter), AVana-mnker is the treasurer (laughter). Dudley is bookkeeper, and Tom Roed is the general bouncer (laughter). McKinley furnishes tho vouchers and turns over evidence of payment in the 180 pages of his report. Now, that was a part of the business, but before thoy conldaccomplish that they were a littlo in doubt about some, of their Republican friends. So they said: "Before we resolve ourselves into a liquidating body wo must purge ourselves and purify ourselves." And thereupon thoy proceeded to do a little private execution. They put up the guillotine, and thov cut oft' tho heads of just as many Democrats us thoy needed Republicans to make it sura that the vouchers of Quay, McKinley, Dudley and Olurkson will be considered satisfactory. AVhilo this is being done, Mr. Reed sits in his seat like a golden calf, and every one of our Massachusetts representatives bows down before him and says: "Behold I Great is Tom Reed." (Laughter.) When they came back hero, and at their convention, we said to them, "When are the wages of our laboring men going to be increased under the McKinley bill?" Thoy nay, "Oh, that. h'ill come all right; but isn't Totn.Keed a stunner?" (Laughter.) "When are wo going to have that great new'infant industry, the father of which has not yet boen born, and the mother of which has never been heard of-tho tin industry hero in New England?" Oh, wait; don't be impatient; but look on Tom Reed." (Laughter.) And so it has been. Only Tom Reed, Tom Reed. Tom Reed. (Laughter and applause.) And when Mr. Blaine, with his wonderful facility for pricking bubbles and knocking out the underpinning of dangerous political rivals, simply wrote a letter, in which he said that the McKinley bill will not furnish a market for a single bushel of potatoes or a barrel of Hour, and that wo must have reciprocity, they began to inquire: "Well, is this Bja Reed shaken by tho wind? (Laughter.) Whatinust we do?" And all of n sudden thoy become free traders. Free trado with South America, free trade with Mexico-if Mr. Blaino savs so and Mr. Reed doesn't object. (Laughter.) Why, my friends, tho business of the House has been just tiie mere making of a political majority and the Piiyluit of I'.tlllleal UtMu at tho expense of the peoplo of the United Slates. (Applause.) Gentlemen, i havo not made apolitical speech this year, I didn't believe I should. 1 don't know anything about the tariff. 1 have read it, but I cannot understand it, and so 1 have, an object lesson here which is an illustration of the tariff. It begins the day where .1 eat my breakfast oil a plate that is ta.ved .'Hi per cent, and with � kuii'o that is taxed 7f> per cent., and so 1 run on through the day. Now-, here is an object lesson that is worth looking at. You know one of the button manufacturers in New Jersey the other dav said that it would bo necessary to increase the number of workingmen in Ids business about 'J'iOO. and lie had given orders at Castle Garden that all immigrants coming to this country who knew how to make buttons should be reported! to hint. Then" is a cut of the arrival of a few hundred button makers (showing cut.) (Laughter.) That is the only speech I have to make on the tariff. I have, as a 1 lemocrat, mv views of what the tariff might to be. (Cries of "Let us have them.") It should he a tariff for revenue, It stiould ho so adjusted that it would protect every American industry, and it should protect evorv American workinginan. It should give to every American industry all the raw material that is necessary to make that industry a profitable industry, not merely to the man who furnishes the cupum, but also to the. man who furnishes the muscle. (Applause.) I believe in a tariff [so adilisted thai the surplus products of foreign manufacturers .shall not be brought into this country in competition with the manufacturers of this country ; one that will protect the people of the United States, but I believe that the manufacturers of the i'nited Stales don't all live- in Pennsylvania or Ohio. And 1 believe that he who l'aileth to provide for his own household is "Worse Thau au lulWlel. Look at the Massachusetts congressmen asking permission of the great golden calf. Tom Keo.d, c, on to present u petition, headed by o.-Gov. Ames, asking- permission, not -staudiu:; up like mi n, as your rcp-rcsu'Utativcs ami my reprosentath e.s. and I ask it, not as a favor, but I ask it as a God-giveu right to a free people," Do yoa suppose that in the old davs it that old man eloquent, John Quincy Adams, stood on the floors of Congress with a petition from tiie people of Massachusetts, that thore was any man blgenongh, brazen enough, strong enough, autocratic onough to say "Sit down, John Quincy Adams." But'when the prophet from the socond district, tliat polished and polishing, Elijah (laughter), when ho wanted to ask something for an industry of Massachusetts had to stand around in tho speaker's room, with 20 or 30 moro, and hold up his hand like a boy in school and say: "Please, Tom, won't you . let mo speak about this?" (Laughter and applause.) Oh, that is business, you know. Tliat is business. (Laughter.) "Why, Morse," they say, "you cannot talk about Now England industries. We owe Wanumaker's men in Pennsylvania Romany million dollars, and wo have got to pay It" Yes, 'but how aro they going to pay it. Why, two years ago thoy said tliat everything that was.put on to the imports under a tariff was paid by foreigners. Now, who pays it? You, I. Wo pay it. But, who do wo pay it to? AVo pay it to the very men who contributed it. Are they workingmen? No, they never did. auy work m their lives. (Applauso.) Thore is a plush manufacturer in Pennsylvania who manufactures' plushes out of which our young girls aro enablod, by their own industrious . fingers, to make a handsome covering for their shoulders. (Laughter.) They aro neither coats nor cloaks nor anything of that kind. Thoy are indescribable, but thoy aro exceedingly beautiful. (Applauso.) Now, he contributed 200,000. On the sixth day of November he said, and lam not stating anything that is not susceptible of proof, he said, "Between now and 1892, I shall make ,?:t,000,000 on plush that I will sell to tho Americans, and Iwillthenbooliabled to contribute $400,000 in that campaign to continue the tax upon the American people to go into my pocket." (Applause.) He was one of the creditors, you know, whose account had to be audited, whoso account had to bo liquidated, and for whom the Massachusetts congressmen havo sacrificed the interests of New England, have Falsified the Traditions . of our fathers, have forgotten your' rights and mino, and have degraded themselves into the merest tools that could possibly bo imagined. (Applauso.) What is our right in the House of Representatives? It is free speech. Through whom? Through the men you select. By whose grace? By the grace of tho founders of the Republic, who gave you tho written constitution. All that lias been changed, and now Tom Roed soys: "Thank God, the House of Representatives is no longer a deliberative assembly. It is a business house, where I manage the business, and my friends get the benefits of it." (Applause.) . Now, is that guarding the rights of Americans? '- , To me it savors more of that centralization of power that puts into the hand of one man all tho power of legislation. Oh, but it has been charged upon the Democratic members.of the House that they havo left their seats on different occasions. Would a man stand by and see his father slain by the hand of an assassin? If he wan poworless to oppose him, would ho not at least try to hasten away and not see the great event transpire heforo his eyes? Are representatives of American freemen to be compelled to remain seated when the liberty of a groat part of their fellow-citizens is being stricken down by the fiat of a single man followed by a senseless majority? From whom comes reform? From the minority? From whom comes the wisdom that ultimately works out the great salvation of mankind? i From the Ifow, permeating the mass with thoir opinions, until it becomes tho popular idea and receives the popular sanction. Where is the safety of the liberties of the people? In a majority powerful enough to control and carry out its will? No, but in the open, free, frank discussion of tho minority, and when tho majority closes tho mouth of the minority, then liberty may well bow her head, and in sack cloth and ashes weep tears of blood, for she will ultimately die, assassinated, evon in tho house of hor friends. (Applause.) Next Tuesday night, you. and I, by the providence of God and our own exertions, will be enabled to say, "Thank God, tho House of Representatives is to be onoe mere a place where the voice of the peoplo shall be heard through the mouths of their representatives, and is to be once more the deliberative, debating assembly for the representatives of the freemen of the United States." (Loud and continued applause.)' JOHN T. WHEffiLWRIG-HT Heviewed the Contests in Congressional Districts. John T. Wheelwright was tho next speaker. He reviewed tho contests in the congressional districts, and spoke for Sherman Hoar, Mr. Andrew, Mr, Williams and Dr. Evorett, urging their election in order to restore Congress to its propor function in the government of the nation. HON. JOHN W. CORCORAN. Grover Cleveland Gave Us a Supreme Issue. At 10 o'clock there was a warm round of applause from all parts of the hall as Mr. Corcoran made his way to the stage. Gov. Gaston thus introduced Mr. Corcoran: You have already expressed your great pleasure with tho presence ot the governor that is to be, and I take groat pleasure in presenting to you our noxt nontenant governor, Mr. Corcoran. (Loud applause.) Hon. J. W. Corcoran said: Ladiks and Gibntlkmej?-I cannot express tho great appreciation I feel for your presence, and the enthusiasm of your Democratic greeting. I know that this demonstration has more �than a personal significance, and is therefore the more acceptable and commendiblo. It is your manifestation of devotion to the Democratic faith and your profession of belief in tho patriotic rectitude of tho political principles that govern your political action. Never did tho sun of righteousness shine more glowing upon tho Democratic pathway and never did the party's triumph promise more for tho prosperity and happiness of tho people and tho growth and grandeur of our common country. �The problem that our people must solve is noithcr new nor novel. It is the same old contest-that historic strugglo between those who would do the greatest good for the greatest number and those who would subvert the mighty power and purpose of government to make it the irresistible instrument of personal prerogative and tho potent means of individual enrichment. Government in some form is as old as the world, and tho selfish purpose of the sordid fow to use it for their own ends is coextensive with timo itself. There never was a- tyrant, and history makes no mention ol an autocrat, who did not at some period in Ids mad career seek, through the power of taxation, to rob the people of their substance to gratify his own ambition or pander to his personal pleasure. This prostitution of power brought about a revolution in France, caused an uprising in England that cost- a king his crown and his life, and resulted in the American colonies in a resistance to tyranny that planted on this soil A Galaxy of State* which, in their union, makes a nation consecrated to liberty without parallel and without precedent. It-is to preserve this priceless heritage of freedom that Democracy contends today. To preserve if as tho fat-lien) founded it, in its purity and integrity, that it may survive lo shower its benefits and its blessings upon millions of freemen yet unborn. Tins can be accomplished only by the exercise of eternal vigilance, by the condemnation of selfish administration, the repeal of sordid laws and the promotion of wise aud patriotic legislation. The means for those ends is the ballot, and considerately ana patriotically should it be- employed. In discharging the duties of the hour the voter should appreciate, the circumstances and understand the exigencies of the occasion. Lotus ascertain, if possible, what; dangers threaten and what issues present themselves for our solution. In JK87. that peerless president. Grover Cleveland, in his tnatoilless message warning the country of a dangerous surplus called attention to the unnecessary and burdensome tuxes that were then exhausting the energies of the people. He then and there gave us a supreme issue, and declared an denial principle of Democracy, namely, popular relief from unnecessary taxation. The people indorsed his policy, and this regardless of "ways that were dark," employed to defeat his re-election. Let it not uo forgotten that the Democratic party alone gave tariff reform upwardsof 100.000 majority and that indorsement was supplemented by the splendid vote of the national prohibitory party. It is clear, therefore, that the Republican policy of that day. moderate as it was compared with McKmlcyism, was rojeeted and repudiated by the people. But unfortunately for the country and disastrously for the people, the electoral college misrepresented the will of tin people, and the Republican party was restored to power, though .Rejected by tho I'oimlar Vote. There is eviiy reason, therefore, why we .-hen!-1, leiiuni'e the agitiitieu of tariff re- a bill that is in dofianoo of the will of tho people as expressed at tho polls.' The just and generous spirit of tho American peoplo will novor Indorse a fiscal policy .that relieves tho rich of their just contribution toward tho support of government, and places upon tho poor nn unjust and disproportionate share of tho expense. A Ireo people never can givo approval to a. tariff that lightly taxes luxuries and oppressively burdens necessaries. As long as tho spirit of wisdom abidos with them they will not tax men for tho sake of oxempting things. Let property and not poverty, support the government. Mr. Corcoran criticised tho McKinley bill, scored the duties upon food, clothing ano shelter, ridiculed tho free list and closed as follows: This is tho mont appropriate place in tho world to agitate for equality before tho law. Here liberty itself was conceived upon this continent. Here freemen established the grandest government that tho ken of man over conceived. Horo wn3 begun that grand agitation that struck tho shackles from the slaves and dedicated this land to etornal freedom. Lot, history record it that when pleutocracy In its arrogance sought to make tho plain poo-plo of this republic tho tributatory sla-vos of tho money kings, that Boston and Massachusetts rose up in their splendid intelligence to declare unfaltering opposition and irrepressible hostility to a taxation that was as oppressive as it was unnecessary and oalculatod to make tho many burden-bearers of the few. JOSIA.E aUINCY Reads a Letter Sent by Elijah A. Morse " to a Postmaster. Gov. Gaston next presented Mr. .Toslah Quincy, who said ho was utterly unable to find anything in the Republican speechos at Faneuil Hall at noon Saturday which called for a reply, although ho had hoped to find material for a .few remarks in them. Ho then denounced the force bill as a source of patronage too great to be trusted to any party and read the following characteristically unique circular letter from Congressman Elijah Morse, addressed to a postmaster in his district: Oaxtok, Oct. 2C, 1890. To tho Postmaster,--, Mass.: JIy IIeau Sin-The Kepiililtciin Stnto central oom-tnlttec Room to bo doing nothing In my dlstrfct (laugli-toi), while the Democrats uro holding raoetlngs in every town. I linvo mailed to your town a large unmoor of copies of ray speech (laughter) during tho closing hours of Congress on the work of tho lte-publloiin pnrty in the 51st Congress. Will you kindly instruct your clerks to rnalio an effort to de-flvor these speeches promptly? 1 think they wtll do the Republican ticket In your town somo good. (Laughter.) (Signed) Elijah A. Mouse, M. C, Socond Massachusetts District. That, said Mr. Quincy, is Mr. Morse's idea oMhe proper functions of a postmaster; that is his idea as to the purpose for which a postmaster is appointed, in order that he may follow Republican politics, and if ho sees a chance to put in a littlo piece of work in behalf of the Republican party in connection with tho performance of the duties ofihis office that he shall Ije ready to do it. Mr. Quincy further criticised this letter. CLEVELAND TO EUSSELL. Let the People of Bay State Show Appreciation of Your Deyotibn. Mr. Quincy read the following message, dated at Now York, and addressed to Hon. William E.Russell: , , In this last stage of your splendid canvass Icahnot roCrtUn from expressing the hope thr.t tho people of the grand old Commonwealth will testify their appreciation of your devotion to their Interests by a decisive indorsement of your candidacy. Tho Democracy of Massachusetts will bo false to the professions and traditions of their party nnd false to their duty to tho country If in this critical hour they are guilty of tho lonst Indifference- or in-'nattvlty. Trlumphnnt Democracy Is on the way and the Massachusetts contingent must he prepared to join the inarch with llying^ianners of victory. OitoVEit Cleveland. (Tremendous cheers.) The meeting then dissolved. VANDEBBILT ntf TOWU. Men of Brains and Means to Breakfast on Bolted Beans. Among prominent arrivals in town yesterday were: Cornelius Vanderbilt of New York and ox-Gov. Frederick Smyth of New Hampshire, who aro at Young's; Hon. John D. AVashburn, United Statps. minister, to Switzerland, at the Brunswick, and Dr. A. R. Rose of the Department of Agrioulture, Washington, at the Quincy House. Others booked are: . Parker House-Capt. N. B. Scott, Portland, Ore.; S. Lovojoy, Castino, Me.; John W. Guitoau, New York; H. Jaquot, Paris; Sidney Woolott, Newport, R, I.; F.N. Hartwoll and family, Louisville, Ky.; J. E. Gibson, Bennington, Vt. Adams House-W. B. Pock,Duluth,Minn.: J. H. Holmes, Auburn, N. Y.;L. D. Mitchell, Brattleboro, vt.; A. S. B. Lothrop, 'Worcester; G. M. Robinson, Albany, N. Y.; 0. S. Carpenter, Chicago. The Thorndike-F. C. Crocker and wife, Portland, Mo.: G. G. Burnett, San Francisco, Cat.; T. F. Kilkenny, Providence, R, I.; J. F. Curry, New York. Young's Hotel-C. C. Hughes, Pittsburg, Penn,; II. O. McDowell, Lexington, Ky.; W. H. Allen, Portland, Mo.; W. B. Wright, Orwoll.Vt,; S. B. Parrott, Trenton, N. J. The Brunswick-J. H. Percival and wife, New York; C. Thibault and wife, Philadelphia : 11. G. Richards, Hartford, Conn.; Mrs. J. F. Borden, Fall River. Tremont Houbo-C. Wickelman, Lyons, Franco: T. D. Adams, Montreal; H. AV. Wall, Tacoma, AA'ash.; W. J. Whitney, Now York; J. E. Barton, Concord, N. H.; C. AV. Ogden, Texas. The Arendome-Edmund Bucket', Leeds, Rug.; .Stanley Baldwin, Worcestershire, ISng.; ,T:' If. Fife-Jamison, Perthshire, Scotland ; F. E. Brown and wife, Concord, N. H.; Mrs. J. Frailey Smith, Miss Smith, Philadelphia. Quincy House-IT. Brown, Astoria. Ore.; V. A. Bertram, Philadelphia; H. W. Hall Utica, N. Y.; L. Ar. Beebe, C. AVay, Portland, Me.; George M.Dewey, Michigan; S. Hopkins. Belfast, Me.; R. AV. Evans, Philadelphia. American House-A. W. Lackey, Spencer; J. G. ahultz, Now York; H. E. AVebb, Pittsburg, Penn.; W. AV. Carman, Lewistou. Mo. Revere House-Frank 15, -Lowis, New York; George L. Forbush, Peterboro, N. H.; Georgo B. Shaw, Clinton; H. D. Upton, Manchester, N. H.; Rev. C. M. 1-Ierning, Brunswick, Me. Crawford House-William Lithgow, Halifax, N. S.; H. S. Williams, Chicago; C. E. M'orso, AVorcester: F. H. Dunlap, Salisbury, N. H.; George T. Sleeper, AVatorvlllo, Me. MINISTER WASHBURN ITS GUEST. Massachusetts Club Learns All About. Switzerland. About .10 members of the Massachusetts Club were present at the dinner yesterday afternoon, at Young's. John D. AVashburn of AVorcester, minister to Switzerland, wus the guest of the occasion and ex-Gov. AVil-litim Clailin presided. Mr. AVashburn spoke of Switzerland and the characteristics of her peoplo. Ho also paid a glowing tribute to Minister Phelps. Hon. John 15. Alley of Lynn was one of others to address the club. Discussed Fox's Military Record. Col. Horace T. Rockwell presided at, the monthly dinner of the Theotype Club at Young's yesterday afternoon, and Col. C. C. Howland and Gen. Pickett, ex-postmaster at Worcester, were the guests. Tho mili. tary record of Capt. J. A. Fox, Republican candidate for Congress in the fifth district, was tlie subject of an interesting discussion after dinner. Great Day at the Fair. Yesterday the largest crowd attended the Mechanic's fair since the opening day. All the working exhibits were in full operation, and in the woman's department boys from the North Rennet school showed their skill at carpenter work, and a class of girls from the Hnncock school gave an exhibit of their skill at cooking. Caught Voices by Phonograph. The Papyrus Club dined at the Revere House last evening. James Jeffrey Roche presided, and the principal guest was 11. H. Thomas, who brought with him a phonograph, and made a phonographic iccord of tiie voices of tiie. DO members present. Saturday Dinner Notes. The Mushroom Club, to the number of ^0, met and dined last evening at- Parker's. The New England Club dinner at Young's last evening was attended by ^o members, and Harrison Hume presided. The .Massachusetts Agricultural Club, Hon. Benjamin G. Smith presiding, dined at Parker's yesterday, audentei taim-d William M. Bracket!, the artist. At A'oungV Hotel, last evening, the New-tewne Club had its regular monthly dinner. Tiie guests were: l>r. E. E. Spi ucer, L. A. iiatehelder and James II. Wells. A vi.An ;e;o the Mid.lle-.boro, Ky. e v. ere bm 50 people in Toduv there are nearly Usual Saturday Oratory Flows Freely. Norfolk Club Scene of Republican Confident Predictions. Contest in Hinth Oallod One of Vituperation and Abuse. The Norfolk Club, (10 mombors strong, gathcrod about the dining tablo at Young's yesterday afternoon and' discussod not only the good things spread before them, but the political outlook for the coming State election. President Warren E. Locko.waa in tho chair, and at his sido sat tho guests of the evening-Congressman Cogswell of tho seventh district, Candidate Fox of tho fifth district and Judge Drew of Now York. Tho following now members wero olectod: Capt. C. P. Houstis, Hyde Park; A. E. Vin-ing, South AVeymouth; E. P. Stetson, Wal-pole; John Shaw, Quincy; Edward AV. Hunt, Weymouth; C, A. Beeoher, Braintroe; George B. Fowler, Sharon; H. A. Crossman, Necdham. After the dinner President Locke announced that on Tuesday night the club would have its usual rooms at Young's to roceivo the election returns, and predicted that on that night they would reoeivo tho news of the election of 11 Republican congressmen and tho whole State ticket as well. He then introduced Hon. Mr. Cogswell. "This campaign has beon short-, sharp, and I think next Tuesday night you will find it has been decisive," said the latter. "Thoro never has boon a campaign characterized on tho Demooractic side by moro ignorance and misrepresentation than the ono about to end. "Thoro never was a bill prepared with more caro and wisdom than the tariff bill of that gallant statesman, William McKinley of Ohio. That bill was framed after a moro patient hearing of all interested that cared to be hoard than was over givon before, and now you hear it denounced by the men who howlod so long and loudly for the Mills bill, that document framed in a dark closet, with no hearing at all except a back-stair-case, one granted to the great sugar interest." A eulogy of Speaker Reed then fell from the lips off the speaker, and ho turned his attention to the Massachusetts State campaign. "Massachusetts has had a lone lino of brilliant governors. Thore may have been abler men, but there never sat in the executive chair a cleaner-minded or more honest man than the man whose name heads our ticket. (Applause.) "Your president has predicted the election of 11 Republican Congressmen. Ajs I don't happon to be running in Mr. O'Neil's district, I think I may be pardoned in expressing confidence that I shall be one of those 11. (Choers.) President Locke prefaced his introduction of the next speaker by saying that there were certain young men in politics known as the "dudes," wno had once been in the habit of mounting their square-tailed horses (it's English, you know), and hunting the anise-seed bay. They would regret afte,t election, he said, that they had not confined themselves to this - harmless sport, and had iiot ventured on the trail of the Fox they had started in the fifth district. He then presented Capt. Fox of Cambridgo. Bo talked briefly upon the tariff and predicted a strong upward movement all along tho lino of American industry, where the full effects of tho McKinley bill wore felt. Juage Drew of New York, who has been stumping Mr. Candler's district,was the noxt speaker. Ho ridiculed the idea that present tariff was against New England interests, and said that in the AYest the cry was that New England was protected to tho disadvantage of the rest of tho country. He was thanktul that his was no sectional party. 'Each section of the country must stand by tho rest, and not allow the enemy to defeat the party by detail. He characterized the campaign m the ninth district as one of vituperation and personal abuse, such as he novor saw equalled in 20 years of activo political work.aHo said that John W. Candler, tho gray-haired statesman, was tho one man in the past Congress to whom tho conflicting interests of the world's fair bill could bo entrusted. Hon; J. 0. Eurdette came in toward the close of the speaking. He earnestly besought the members of tho club to spend every possiblo moment till the close of tho polls Tuesday to enthuse the voters and see that tho full vote was gotten out, An experiment- Is it possible for us to sell as many goods on a Monday or Tuesday as on a Saturday? We'll pay royally to find out.- We will find out-and this is how we'll do it: Monday and Tuesday Ave shall give 20 per cent, discount for cash on all our men's and young men's cas7 simere, cheviot and fancy worsted suits-this includes black cheviots, thibets and vicugna, in single and double-breasted sacks and four-button frocks, nothing excepted- making our $io . 111. Nov. IJ. No cuobhos will ho neeepteel from nny ono living more limn ten miles from our story, or from anybody In our employ. To ensure personal anBWor (after eleotion) onclooo 2o, stamp. We mako a npectelty of supplying ladles from tlio loading and largest di-y goodn and clonk houses lu the city. Ladles can call at our ottlco and got au order, .with -which thoy Ladies' Gar-ffh B*ji may desiro for SB Ku this way our cus-a I R a ot their pur-them, and lrL can buywiiateverDryGoods, inents, Furs, etc., ol-o., they a* fall and winter wear. In 8 B I! H toniors can enjoy tho use hj N fi cIirbcs whilo sottllng for who many cases havo an opportunity to sccuro a bettor and moro durable garment than as if thoy .were obliged to pay all.oash down. AH bills nro etiarged at our ofiico and settled for In weekly and monthly payments. _- Our special bargain for next week Is our -lliio BLACK CHEVIOT SUIT for #12.50. Our lino of 818 and (S20 cheviot suits is vory choice. All our fall overcoats aro marked way down from their former prices to close before it is timo for winter coats. It will pay vou to call and ox-amino.' (Wo aro open ovenlngs.) J. BRODIM, Manager. Syrup of Figs, tlic Grout California luxntlve. 81.00 bottles, 67c.j 60c. lints.................... Soap ana Sachet Bag, a new articlo for tho bath, lasts for weeks, only.................... ... Wooflworth's IiUy of tho Valley, n true flower odor, ounce bottles........................ Everlasting Bouquet Toilet Water, a dollghfful uerfumc, largo bottle. ..;.................... Best Quality Gum Arabic, worth 15c. an ounce. We sell 4 ounces for........................ Fine Imported Gin, worth today 1.50. Our price only.,....... Violetto, or Anise licorice Tab-lets, excellent for coughs, per box........................ Gilbert's Pile Cure, nn unfailing remedy for that trouble, per box........................ Harris' Corn Salve, retails for . 25c'. A few gross only. A box for........................ Phillips' Emulsion of Cod liver Oil. Regular $1.00 bottles..... Oooh's Imperial Champagne, (tfn very line American wine. \ Quarts, only.............. 0 Above Prices This Week Only. Hoff's Malt, Tarrant's fflalt, Wyeth's fflalt, liquid Bread. Each 29c. a Bottle. We Have the Finest X,inc of TOSLET ARTICLES A.T TIIE LOWEST PRBCES To bo Found in Boston. AT-REDUCED PRICES. AT THE LOWEST PBIGES YBKY NEAK TREMOKT ST, Lustreless Worsteds, Blaok Ohoviots, Thitots and Vionnas lmvo gained v/ell-doaorved popularity for dress as well as a nobby businoss snit,, Knowing this style of fabrio to be popular, I havo placed on my counters from a wbolcsala importing house somo 30 styles, in whole and half piooes, of tho finest Enropoan manufaoturo, at a slight disoount from regular prioes, whioh I shall sell from $S0 to 1)135 por suit. Theso are genuine goods, and usually sold from $40 to $45 per suit, 30 to 40 ftyleB in whole and half pieoes of Foreign and Domestio Trousorings, at $6,60 per pair. Ovorooats from $25 upwards. In my Cutting Department I D. W. Fitipat- rick, Artist Tailor i William Barry, George Morrison, E. D. Tripp, John P. Gillies, formerly of Temple pi, _ MONDAY, Nov. 3, at 12 COL. HENRY LEE Will Preside. Or. WILLIAM EVERETT, GEORGE FRED WiUBiS, SHERMAN HOAR, WILL SPEAK. Bait