Boston Daily Globe, July 15, 1872

Boston Daily Globe

July 15, 1872

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Issue date: Monday, July 15, 1872

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Boston Daily Globe (Newspaper) - July 15, 1872, Boston, Massachusetts boston lailtr (iloire. Vol. ti no. 12.BOSTON, MONDAY MOHNING, JULY 15, 1872. PRICE FOUR CENTS. AMUSEMENTS. B OSTON THEATRE. MR. J. B. BOOTH............Lessee and Manager EXTRA NIGHT. MONDAY, JULY 15,    ^ To close the season and for the BENEFIT OF MR. H. A. M’GLENEN. Many distinguished and favorite artists will appear. The selections are—“THE YOUNG SCAMP,” “MY YOUNG WIFE AND OLD UMBRELLA ” DANCES by Mile. MORLACCHI; “SALLY COME UP;" G. SWAINE BUCKLEY: MUSICAL OLIO. HERR KARL STEELE; RECITATION. Mr. JOSEPH PROCTOR, “SWEET CAMILIA MAY,” DELEHANTY and HEN OLER; VENTRILOQUIAL SCENES, Mr HARRY BRYANT and JENNY LIND. Seats ready at the box office. Doors open at 7.30; begin at 8.    It—Jyl5 Globe    theatre. Mr. Arthur Cheney ,............Proprietor. Mr. W. R. Floyd.................................Manager. MONDAY, July 15—Every evening at 8, and Wednesday and Saturday Matinees at 2. LAST WEEK OF THE FIR8T EDITION OF HUMPTY DUMPTY. Tile Funny Foxes. The Martens, the Wilsons, the Kiralfys, the CmmIIIs. SIXTY-FIVE PERFORMERS. MONDAY EVE’G, July 22, RECONSTRUCTION and first week of the 2d Edition of FOX’S HUMPTY HUMPTY, Introducing a CHANGE OF PROGRAMME. The Coolest Theatre in Boston. Steam Fan In Operation. NO ADVANCE IN PRICES.    6t-jyl3 BO STON ATHENAEUM, BEACON STREET. The FORTY-NINTH EXHIBITION OF PAINTINGS and STATUARYis now open. In connection with it the MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS exhibits a collection of Ancient Pottery, Glass, and Bronze Implements from Cyprus, Italo-Greek Painted Vases found in the tombs of Etruria and Magna Une-eia Majolica Plates, Oriental Armor. Carved Furniture,Venetian Glass, and Japanese and Cldnese Porcelain. 9 A M. to RP. M. Admission 25 cents. MThtf-Jel7 Man know thyself! DR. JOURDAIN’8 GALLERY OF ANATOMY, 397 Washington Street, opposite Hayward Place. A thousand startling and thrilling models of the human frame, in Health and Disease. Open from 9 A. M. to IO P. M. Admission 50 cents.    [ll    tf—apr30 IN' BANKRUPTCY. rrms is to give notice: A That on the thirteenth day of July, A. I)., 1872, a Warrant in BanRruptcv was issued against the estate of THEODORE C. BRU UN of West Roxbury,in the County of Norfolk and State of Massachusetts, who has been adjudged a Bankrupt on his own petition: That the payment of any debts, and the delivery of any property, belonging to such Bankrupt, to him, or for ids use, and the transfer of any property by him, are forbidden by law; that a meeting of the creditors of the said Bankrupt, to prove their debts, and to choose one or more Assignees of his estate, will be held at a Court of Bankruptcy, to be holden at the United States Court House, in Boston, in said District, before ANDREW F. JEWETT, Esq., Register, on the third day of August, A. D. 1872, atli o’clock A. M. ROLAND G.USHER, U. S. Marshal, Mass. District, as Messenger. 3tjyl5 COPARTNERSHIPS. TIA VING disposed of our interest and Ax good will in the general auction and commission business to E. V. R. REED and EDMUND T, PRATT, cheerfully recommend them to the consideration of the public and ask for them a continuation of patronage. PHINNEY dc WATSON. Boston, July IO, 1872._ The undersigned have this day formed a copartnership under the name and style of E. V. R. REED * PRATT, for the purpose of carrying on the business of Auctioneers and General Commission Merchants, ami having purchased the interest of Messrs. Phlnuey <fc Watson will continue the business at 171 Tremont street, where they are now prepared to receive consignments and to make lite ral advances. Mr. John Watson, late of D. F. McGiivray & Co., remains with us. Merchandise of every description will be received and prompt returns guaranteed. E. V. R. REED, Boston, July IO, 1872. (late of D. F. McGiivray A Co.,) EDMUND T. PRATT. 3t—jy 12 RIO JANEIRO, BRAZIL, June I, 1872. The subscriber having this day entered into partnership with Mr. A. A. G. ESTRELLA, of this city, they will hereafter, under the name of GENEROSO ESTRELLA Ar HAYNES, at 61 Rua Ourives, continue to deal in Machinery, Agricultural Implements.Boots aud Shoes, Canned Meats and Fruits, and American goods generally. They would solicit consignments of any articles suitable for this market, for which prompt returns will be made. They will forward Information or attend to any business entrusted to them. The senior member of the firm having been for many years engaged in the Brazilian trade and fully posted in regard to everything connected with it, will give them unusual advantages in the disposal of goods consigned to them. jy I—Im    GIDEON HAYNES. TVTINE, TEN AND TWELVE PER I*    CENT. First Mortgages, In and near Chicago, also in Minnesota. Interest coupons payable semi-annually in Boston. Title perfect. Security double. #30,000 9 per cent., Ii yrs. #10,000, 9 per cent., 5 yrs. #6000, 'n cent., 3 yrs. IO per #10,000,9 per cent., 5 yrs _______  . J yrs. #5500, 9 per cent., 3 yrs. #5000, 9 per cent., 3 yrs. #3000, IO per cent., 5 yrs. #2500, IO r cent", 8 yrs. #2600, IO per cent., 5 yrs. #1800, IO per cent., 4 yrs. #1500, IO per cent., 5 yrs. #3000, 12 per cent., 5 yrs. 91200, 18 per cent., 5 yrs. 91000, 12 per cent., 5 yrs. 91000, 12 per cent., 3 yrs. No expense to lender. jy!5—lt(n) HORACE P. CHANDLER, [I]    15    Devonshire street. c o $30,000 CORSETS, GLOVES, TRIMMINGS AND THREAD STORE GOODS. Store to be occupied August 1st by Shepard, Norwell C. H. CREEN, jy4-lt&MWF6t    20    Winter    Street. "PAPER HANGINGS. PAPER HANGINGS. A FULL AND COMPLETE ASSORTMENT OF ALL GRADES. MAY BE FOUND AT No. 243 TREMONT STREET, Next to Paul’s. PRICES MODERATE. NYE & myl-SMWim ROBINSON. A B I N E T OR GANS. PESCH KA-LEUTN ER TO Mason & Hamlin. Boston, June 28,1872. MESSRS. MASON A HAMLIN: GENTLUtKN—I have never seen any reed Instruments equal to your Cabinet Organa. They are far superior to the French and Germau Harmoniums which I have examined. Their tone is pure and musical, the action light and readily responsive to the touch,— in short, the instruments are in every way charming and delightful. Yours truly, MINNA PESCHKA-LEUTNER. The largest assortment of Cabinet Organs ever exhibited in this country is now to be seen at the wareroom! of the undersigned, and the public are invited to examine the same. MASON & HAMLIN ORGAN CO. 154 Tremont Street, Boston. HOTELS. American house, BOSTON. Conveniently located for business or pleasure. Contains apartments with Bathing and Water Conveniences adjoining, •Also, Passenger Elevator.    LEWIS    RICE A SON. mar J—    Proprietors. "yyiLL OPEN JUNE 25th, 1872. THE OCEAN HOUSE, Rye Beach, N. H. Take Eastern railroad, stop at Rye Beach Station. JOB JENNESS. Prop’r. (Late Job Jenness A Son.I    tf—mv21 B ELLEVUE HOTEL, 17 Sc 19 Beacon Street, Boston. The finest Family Hotel and best location In the city. Contains all modern Improvements, including Passenger Elevator. European plan. Excellent accommodations for transient guests. F. S. LEONARD, jel2—tf    Proprietor. ROCKINGHAM H O U SE, PORTSMOUTH, N. H. The only First-Class Hotel in the city. New ami elegantly furnished, unsurpassed in richness of appointments, aud the best point from which to visit tile Isles of Shoals, and the Beaches of Salisbury, Hampton, Rye, York and Wells. Direct railroad communication with the White Mountains, via North Conway. Jel3—tf G. W. & J^ S. PEIRCE, Proprietors. j^OUTH SHORE SUMMER RESORT. GLADE S HO USE, COHASSET, MASS. This beautifully located House, for Transient or Summer Boarders, is now opeu. For Bathing, Fishing or Boating it has no equal on the whole New England Coast. Eight trains daily leave the Old Colony andNewport Railroad for Cohasset. JAMES L. VI ALLE, Proprietor. Cohasset, July 8.    Im—jylO Marshall house, YORK HARBOR, MAINE. N. G. Marshall Sc Sons Proprietors. The location is exceedingly fine. Bathing, Fishing and Gunning facilities unsurpassed, with the famous York Sands but a short distance from tile House. Coaches will connect with morning trains at Portsmouth, N. H., daily, returning at 2.30 P. M., or on arrival of Noon train from Boston. Address N. G. MARSHALL A SONS, York, Me. jelO—tJyl-Aeplin____ PARKER HOUSE, On the European Plan. SCHOOL STREET, BOSTON. HARVEY D. PARKER.............JOHN    F.    MILLS marl—tf    _ TlPINE STREET COTTAGE, Gor- -aA. ham, N. IL—A limited number of summer boarders can be accommodated at the above House during the coming season. Pleasantly located, and in the immediate vicinity of the different points of interest among the Mountains. The subscriber will spare no pains to make It a quiet and pleasant Home for all who may favor him with their patronage. Good Teams constantly on hand. For particulars as please address Je7—FMWlm _ „    as    to    terms,    Ac., E. E.'JACKSON, Gorham, N. H. JJJOOD COTTAGE, NAHANT. This House having recently been put in the best of repair, and newly furnished, is now open for PERMANENT? AND TRANSIENT BOARDERS. Parties looking for Board at the Seaside for the Season, will find this a quiet and first-class place of resort in every particular. GOOD STABLE and GOOD BOATS connected with the House, and competent men in Charge.    FRANK    A.    GOELL. jyl-tf T L A N T I C HOUSE, WELLS BEACH. ME. This popular house will be opened June 20. Newly lug, Ac. Fine Quadrille Band in attendance. A new and fleet 20-ton Yacht for parties. Eaton’s coaches leave Wells Depot on arrival of 7.30 A. M., and 3 P. M. trains from Boston. Extra conveyance on arrival of all trains from Boston and Portland. O. A. FROST, Proprietor. Also Great Falls House, Great Falls, Je3—MWF26t rjlREMONT HOUSE RESTAURANT, The proprietors of the Tremont House direct public attention to the Cafe connected with it. Entrance en both Tremont and Beacon Streets. It is an attractive and favorite resort for Ladies, Gentlemen and Families, and its cuisine is acknowledged to be the best in the city. Its patrons are served from an early hour In the morning until midnight WETHERBEE, CHAPIN & CO. mar 15—tf__ gT. CLOU D HOTEL, BROADWAY AND 43d STREET, NEW YORK. A first-class Hotel, three blocks west of Grand Central Depot, same street,—is conducted on EU EOPEAN PLAN, aud containing all modern improvements.    RAND    BROTHERS,    Proprietors. jy2—3 m    _ gEA FOAM HOUSE, NANTASKET LONG BEACH, Is open for Summer Boarders. This house is new, and contains IOO large and airy rooms, and is located on the beach, where it commands the finest view in Boston Harbor. The steamer Emeline makes 8 trips dally between Boston and the Beach. (See advertisement.) COL. PHINEA8 DREW, Manager, (formerly of Nahant.) II. F. LITCHFIELD, Proprietor. tf—Jyla gT. JAMES HOTEL, BOSTON. This large and elegant establishment is situated on Franklin Square, containing every modern domestic convenience and comfort. Including the largest and most perfect steam elevator in the country. Every department of the house is In charge of experienced persons, and the whole is under the careful personal supervision of the proprietors. If our patrons will kindly send us word of their Intended arrival, either by telegram or by letter, we shall be better prepared for their comfort. marl—tf    H. 8. CROCKER * SON. CATSKILL MOUNTAIN HOUSE, Twelve miles from Catskill, N. Y. Accessible by the best mountain road in the country, and uearer, in time, to New York City, than any other hotel on the Catskills. Elevation above the Hudson River 3090 fest. View, extending over 10,000 square miles, unsurpassed for beauty by any In the world. Celebrated for its in-., vigorating atmosphere. Temperature at all times 15 to 20 degrees lower than New York city. Telegraph in the hotel. Open from Juue I to October I. Stages and Carriages will be In attendance upon tho arrival of the trains of the Hudson River Railroad and the Boats from Albany dud New York. JAMES E. BEACH, Agent at Catskill for CHARLES A. BEACH’S Mountain House. Je22-Im CH ARL Eg L. BEACH, Proprietor. H GT E L , I C T O RI A St. John, New Brunswick. This Hotel is situated in the immediate vicinity of the Custom House, Post Office* aud business portion of tho city, aud is first-class In all Its appointments. It has one of Tuffs latest improved Steam Elevators (the only house In the Dominion having one). The parlor* and bedrooms are large aud well ventilated, and arranged for private parties and families. Persons desiring a pleasant summer residence, will find that the Victoria offers peculiar advantages. St. John is easily reached from Boston, in twenty hours by rail or in thirty hours by steamer. The climate is cool and invigorating; the scenery in the neighborhood is very fine, anti in the immediate vi cinity are pleasant drives, good fishing, etc., etc. B. T. CKEGEN, Proprietor. R. S. BROWNELL, (Late of the Revere House) Manager. mvl—WSMS’lt FALMOUTH HEIGHTS! TOWER’S HOTEL. This commodious and well-appointed House, beautifully situated on Falmouth Heights, will be open tor the reception of guests JULY FIRST. It has a flue view of “Vineyard Haven.” “Oak Bluffs.” aud the ‘‘Highlands,’* at Martha’s Vineyard. It is in the immediate vicinity of pleasant Drives, aud bas unsurpassed facilities for Bathing, Boating and Fishing, Being but a minute’* walk from the steamboat landing and the Beach. It will he in daily communication with Nantucket, Martha’s Vineyard aud New Bedford by steamer. The new extension of tie Old Colony Railroad to Falmouth Heights, to be completed by tim tenth of July, will enable guests to reach this delightful sea-side resort without the sea sickness incident to a trip by boat. , GEORGE TOWER, Owner and Proprietor, Je28—7w    Worcester.    Mass. HOTELS. "DINE J ELL’S POINT HOTEL AND LOVELL’S GROVE, AT Quincy POINT,—A good Dinner. Fish or Meat, and the most pleasant spot on the south shore to spend a day or week with your family. HOWARD F. ROWE. Proprietor. Steamer Massasoit leaves Lewis’ Wharf at 9.30, 2.30, and Sundays at 10.30. Come down and try me. jy8—lw*    _ THIRST-CLASS PRIVATE J- ING HO BOARDING HOUSE, Rye Beach, N. H„ G. H. JENNESS, Proprietor. Rooms very large, new, and thoroughly ventilated. House French-roof. Accommodates forty. Address G. H. JENNESS, Je28—Im    Ryo    Beach,    N.    H. RANGES, STOVES, &c. JJOTEL RANGE WORKS. E. WHITELEY, 57, 59, 61 & 65 Charlestown Street, BOSTON". Patentee and Manufacturer of Patent Wave Flue Oven Ranges, with one large or two or more small fires. Boilers ana Furnaces, for warming buildings by low pressure steam or hot water, with all the latest improvements. Greenhouse Boilers and Pipes Dwelling Houses Fitted up with First-Class Ranges and Furnaces, Water Pipes in Galvanized Iron or Brass. Public Houses and Factories fitted with Steam Boilers and Pipes for Warming. Now York Ranges at New York Prices. French Ranges on Hand Competent Workmen sent to any part of the United States or Canadas.    m22-tf Churchill, watson & co., BOSTON. SUITS I SUITS ! SUITS! Churchill, Watson & Co., WILL OPEN ON FRIDAY, JULY 12th, 1000 SUITS, The balance of a Manufacturer’s stock, and will offer them at a GREAT REDUCTION From Former Prices. CHURCHILL, WATSON & CO., 269 WASHINGTON STREET, I, 3, 5, 7 Winter Street. Jyl2—St    Cl] _ JJATHING suits, Wholesale and Betail. BATHING SHOES, BATHING CAPS, BATHING TIGHTS. PIJAMAHS J East India Night Dresses, from Genuine Pongee Silk, # THE ONLY LOT IN THE COUNTRY. “The East Indian, who endures half the year a more intense heat than that which visits us for a few weeks, suffers far less than we do from its attacks. His airy bungalow, with its shady verandahs, protect him whUe at home from the burning sun, and his go-down Is contrived to resist the warmth which would disturb hla comfort In business hours. Dressed in his cool PIJAMAHS (such as are sold only In this country at ‘Oak Hall,’ Boston), with his cork hat and ample slippers, he looks like some visitor from a purer and happier sphere, and is the very image of coolness and comfort.” HAMMOCKS I WHOLESALE AND RETAIL, $3 OO EACH. STRIPED ALPACA COATS I A New Lot Received To-day, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL AT “OAK HALL,” 32, 34, 36, 38 North Street, BOSTON. jylS—2t R E M O L . ELLISON, HOLLIS & CO. Have removed from No. 7 Kilby street, to No. 41 Devonshire Street, BOSTON". Authorized Agents and Attorneys for the following Fire and Marine Insurance Companies, viz.: Home Insurance Co. of New York. Franklin Fire Ins. Co. of Philadelphia. International Citizens’ Hanover Fire National Fire Arctic Fire Irving Union Mutual Alps of New York. of Philadelphia. of Erie, Pa, ELLISON, HOLLIS & CO., FIRE AND MARINE INSURANCE, NO. 41 PEVOKSHIRE STREET. I H E F R E N CH B A N D fix HE FRENCH A    LEAVE    NEW    YORK By tho “ST. LAURENT,” July 27th. “Lovers of good Music, going to Europe, ought to start at the same time.” Passage. 948, *73andllK, gold. Ten par cent, dfccount, gold, on ticket* to France and back. Office i, «w Jyl2—FMWSt    N.    E.    Agents. boston JI ai In (Sink. MONDAY MORNING. JULY 15, 1872. CONTENTS. FIRST PAGE.—New PublMihtions— Suuday Services— Current Notes. SECOND PAGE.—Correspondence: Letters from our Own Correspondents in Asia Minor, Greece and Italy—Miscellaneous; The “Literary Style.” THIRD PAGE.—Foreign Intelligence: The Short Hour Movement; A Literary Auctioneer; Prussian Severity and French Cowardice; A Romance iii Real Life; Kidnapping in the South Seas; Marshal Bazaine, French Schools of Artillery, etc.— Punch at Geneva. FOURTH PAGE.—News in Brief-Editorlals: The Greeley Movement; The Vice-Presidencv; Italy, etc.—Editorial Notes on Current and Timely Topics—Political Notes—Presidential History— law and the Courts. FIFTH PAGE.—By Telegraph: Affairs at Washington; The Stokes Trial; Old World News; Other Despatches—The so-called Greeley-Seymour Bargain —Personals—Minor Items. SIXTH PAGE.-*New England News: Latest Events in Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut- Dally Gossip—Wily Mosby is for Grant. SEVENTH PAGE.—Financial, Commercial, Naval and Marine Records. EIGHTH PAGE.—Matters in Boston and its Vicinity-Out-Door Sports. NEW PUBLICATIONS. We have received from W. P. Lunt, “Tile American Historical Record, and Repository of Notes and Queries,” for July. We find that we have unconsciously done an injustice to this monthly magazine, while striving to do it a service. The publisher complains that, in our notice of No. 5, we extracted two or three paragraphs from an article on the “Ducking Stool,” and that these so took the imagination of our contemporaries, that they were “republished extensively by the press throughout the country, credited to The Boston Globe.” It is natural that what appears in The Globe should attempt to circumnavigate it; but we are innocent of all suspicion of theft. We quoted from the article In “Tile American Historical Record” In order to reeomoml it to the attention of the public, and to show that it had attractions for general readers as well as for antiquarians. We pride ourselves on having been tho most assiduous of all the newspaper friends of the magazine ; and if our extracts from it have not been credited to the true source, the fault is not ours. We have done all we could to give it celebrity and circulation. Still we sympathise with the publisher's natural indignation, that The Globe should be credited with an account of the method which old Virginia employed In dealing with its female “scolds,” when it is plain that we are indebted to him for the precious information, A certain respect for the sex has prevented us from ever investigating such a subject; the “DuckingStool” we have ever held in horror; the female “scold” has ever, in our view, been a more gracious and loveable J tor son than the masculine legislator ; and God forbid that we should contest with “Mr. Francis Jones, of Cincinnati,” the honor of showing how effectively old Virginia punished her vixens. As far as our limited experience extends,women scold only when men by their acts justify that exercise of their fluent tongues. The present number of “The American Historical Record” is rich in matter. We have.been specially interested in the article on “The African Slave Trade In Colonial Times.” If New-Englanders have any superstition or tradition left it relates to their “forefathers.” Well, these gentlemen, pious and good aa they were, seemed to have had little of our modern sentiment of “Humanity.” The trade in men wgs perfectly consistent, in tie3 pre-revolutionary times, with Hic ordinary standard of Christian character. Thus a good old elder “whose ‘ventures* on the coast had uniformly turned orft well, always returned thanks on the Sunday following the arrival of a slaver in the harbor of Newj<ort, ‘that an overruling Providence had been pleased to bring to this land of freedom another cargo el l>enigbted heathen, to enjoy the Messing of a Gospel dispensation.* ” When we realize what tile horrors of the African Slave Trade were, this thanksgiving to God, for a prosperous voyage, seems to be the most monstrous of all hypocrisies; hut “the elect” appear to have had no notion of their guilt. A trade which would surely hang them now on earth as rascals of the lowest description, was then prosecuted by deacons of the church as a holy as well as a profitable business. We doubtless have very bod public men at the present day; Tweed, Sweeny, Hall, and the rest of the “Ring,” are very immoral; but not one of them would compromise his “character” by engaging in the African Slave Trade. Unscrupulous and unprincipled as they are represented to be, they would not directly engage In the business of buying and selling men as they would buy and sell cattle; yet elders and deacons of the New England Church did it a hundred and thirty years ago without having their humanity, honesty or piety very warmly questioned. Newport and Bristol were centres of this trade. Yet it appears it was not always profitable. Captains who cruised along the African coast, picking ap a negro here and there, had often sad accounts to send to the merchants by whom they were employed. The competition was very great, and the business at first lacked the fundamental quality of good organization. We quote quite a pathetic letter from a Newport captain to his employer:— Anamaboe, October 27,1730. “Sib:—After my Respects to you, these may Inform bow it is with me at pres’nt. I bless God I inioy my health very well as yeti, but am like to have a long and trublosuin voyage of it, for there never mob so much Rum on the Coast at one time before. Nor ye like of ye french shins was never seen before, for ye whole Coast is full of them, for my part I can five no guess when I shall get away, for I purchest ut 27 slaves since I have been here. for slaves is very scarce: we have had nineteen sails of us at one time in ye Rhoad, so that those ships that used to carry pryme slaves off is now forsed to take any that comes: heare is 7 sails of us Hume men that we are ready to devour one another, for our case is dcsprit. Sr, I beg that you will Exist my tamely in what they shall want, for I no not when I shall git home to them myself. I have had tile misfortin to Bary ray cbefe mate on ye 21st of Sept. and one man more, and Lost the negro man Pry mu* aud Adam over board on my pasedgc, one three weeks after another: that makes me now very weke handed, for out of what is left thair is two that Ii good for nothing. Capt. Hamoud has bin heare six months and has but 60 slaves on bord. My hearty servis to your spouse anil famely. I ani y’rsto comd John Guiffen.” Afterwards slave pens were erected and factors established at accessible points, “with depots of supplies suited to the wants of the natives, who gathered the slaves in the interior, and brought them bound to the coast.” Complaints, like those uttered by Captain Griffon, were then rarely heard; “for on the arrival of a vessel on the coast, the captain usually found the pens full, and he hail only to agree with the factor for a cargo, ship in a few hours the number of heads purchases], and immediately turn his prow bomewai d.” It is, of course, impossible to praise too heartily the sagacity which thus systematized a traffic so humane in itself I It is Channing to know that the foundation of this trade was “rum;” aud ruin accordingly became a subject of the first importance in our colonial commerce, aud disturbed, by competition to which it gave rise, the harmony of the British Empire. The writer of the article In the “Record says:— “The importance of the rum manufacture was made apparent during the controversy before the Board oz Trade, in 1756, between the sugar planters of Jamaica, and the Northern Colonists, when it was shown to be the “Chief Manufacture” of the Colonists, and that upwards of fifteen thousand hogsheads of molasses were annually converted into ruin in tike Province of Massachusetts alone. Tim West indies were also producing four aud one-half million gallons lier annum, and England annually sent to the Coast of Guinea two thousand hogsheads of her own imui-ufacture, from French and Dutch molasses. With rum the Colonists carried on a lucrative trade with tile Indians, corn and pork were purchased witli it of the fanners, and it served to keep the fisheries alive. Full one-quarter of the product of the New England and Newfoundland fisheries was of an Inferior quality, known to the trade as ‘refuse* or ‘Jamaica fish,’ all of which was bought up with rum and sent to the West Indies, with large invoice# of second rate horses, in exchange for molasses, to be worked into rum as soon as it entered a northern port. There was no article that could take the place of rum in the African trade. European goods had been found to be uttci^y worthless for this purpose.” Among the “Notes and Queries,” we find an interesting paragraph on the origin of “God save Hie King.” Tile writer gives the following account of it: “It is generally supposed that the words and air of God save the Ktngr originated with Halide), in the time. of George the Flint. It Is also attributed to John Bull, Musical Professor, in Queen Elizabeth’s time, who, it is said, composed it for a dinner given at Merchant Tailors’ Hall, In 1603, in honor of tho accession of King James tho First, of England; and others ascribe It to Henry Carey, about 1743.. The French claim it. History tells us that tho following words to that air, were always sung by the maidens or St. Cyr, wlitn Louis the Fourteenth entered the Chapel of that establishment to hear the moaning prayers. It Is said that De Brinou was the author or the words, and Loin, (who had been a scullion In that monarch’s kitchen) the Father of the French Opera, composed the air: ‘Grand Bien sauve ic Ro! I Grand Dieu venge Ie Hoi! Vive ic Roil Que toujours gloiieux, Louis victorieux I Voye ses ennemi, Toujours sounds I Grand Dieu sauve ie Roil Grand Dieu venge Ie Hoi I Vivo ie Roi I’ ” But the expression, with its appropriate meaning is much older than the society of modem Europe. See in the Second hook of Samuel, Chapter 16, verse 16, where it is recorded that Huslia! said unto Absalom. “God save the King, God save the King.” Also in the Second book of Kings, lith Chapter, and 12th verse, and the Second book of Chronicles, 23d Chapter, and lith verse, each relating the same event. Jehoiafia and his sons, who anointed Joash, said “God save the King,” when Atlialiah, the queen-mother cried out “Treason! treason!” and was slain. SUNDAY SERVICES. BULFINCH PLACE CHAPEL. The closing services, previous to the summer vacation, were held in the Bulfinch place Chapel yesterday morning. The pastor, Rev. S. II. Wlnkley, preached from the text, 1st Timothy, 5th chapter, 8th verse: “But if any provide not for ids own, and especially for those of his own house, De hath denied the faith and is worse than an infidel.” Mr. Wink-Icy sjioke of the text as an express declaration of tile Christian doctrine, und said that it contained the principles of practical Christianity. The first duty of a man is to his own family, and the text enforces the truth that a man is of no account, but his family is of all account, and that the man who most fully appreciated tills truth, and acted in accordance with it, acted tho part of the true Christian. vIf the text were believed and acted upon generally thoro would be no drones in the human hive, for every boily would be all activity for somebody** welfare; every selfish man would be exterminated from the face of tho earth. There are other matters titan material things for the true man or father to provide for those about him, and it is a fit time at Hie close of our year’s work, saki the speaker, for us to ask ourselves if we have done our share of tills providing during the pant year, and to look about us aud see if during that time we liavo improved ourselves and those dependent u;>on us. The text does not mean that man should live simply and exclusively for his own, but that ho should live esjiecially for them and at the same time incidentally for all the world. The care of the i>oor, the education of the ignorant, the feeding of the hungry, ami the clothing of tile Baked are all Incidentally the work of the Christian church, but they tiro the especial work of institutions aud associations organized and supported for just those particular objects. No better work can be (lone in this country than educating young men to understand and appreciate the principles of a republican government, as at the present time there is a lamentable ignorance upon this subject; but this is not the work of the church, and yet Incidentally it should be advocated by all good citizens. Tho sjieaker referred to the unpopularity with which his views were received by tho temperance and anti-temperance men because, although he was in favor of temperance, he did not approve of the course taken to check the evil of intemperance. The habit of people looking upon the church as the centre for amusement and sociability was condemned by the speaker, aud the remark “ I was entertained by your discourse ” commented on as showing that people do not come to the church so much with the desire to be Improved as to be interested. The labor question was referred to by tile speaker as one of the great questions of the day which would not be deeided by tho present generation, but with an advance in civilization In the next two hundred years equal that of the past two hundred, we may see a solution of it that will be accepted by everybody. Christianity as expressed in tho text does uot forbid our feeling a sympathy for other faiths and creeds, neither does it forbid our aiding another person because he does not believe as we do. Our duty is to Christianize the world and not to creedize it. We want to make people love God some other way than by saying so. And when we talk of angels singing glory to God we want to say amen, and feel what we are saying in our hearts. We should not enclose ourselves in a shell and think all others are outsiders, but learn to appreciate the value of tho principles back of whatever forms surround them. The religious life is too often entered upon as the married life is, with very warm hearts and very empty heads, as people feel that adopting a religious life moans simply the giving up of certain pleasures and privileges, and do not appreciate the added enjoyments that attend the true Christian Ufo. We should ask ourselves: “Have we increased our trust during the past year?” and try to learn that trust aud faith do not imply the exercise of these virtues in time of safety alone, but in time of trouble. People who speak of their faith in God are too apt to excuse their fear in time of trouble by saying that tlieir’s is such a hard case, and do not realize that the time to tost one’s faith is when more than human aid is needed. We must learn to have firm faith In the infinite power who is at the helm, and to trust to his all-powerful arm in every hour of trouble and trial. Have we more benevolence than a year ago, and liuve we learned to be benevolent, not simply in giving, but in giving in such a way that we gain not glory for ourselves, but the good of the recipient? If we have learned any or all of these things, said the speaker, we are prepared for another year’s work and ready to plan out the campaign, which is by tar more important than any other can be, as we are all exacted to do something for other people’s good before the campaign can be a successful one. GRACE M. E. CHURCH. Yesterday mornbig the pastor, Rev. A. Canon, announced as his text the words, “My meditation of him will be sweet.” His theme was Divine Meditation, including in tile term the whole sphere of religious reflection. He said, in beginning, that the necessity of sustaining a continual thinking process was one of the most tremendous strokes of the Creator’s power iu our being, and it hail been well observed that the Inexorable wheels of our mental machinery must always keep up their movement; that, though they roll in the dismal waters of adversity, though all aflame with fiery remorse and horror, though we would give worlds for a moment’s respite from this terrible tyranny of thinking, still those mysterious wheels must spbi aud whirl, and keep up their awful revolutions. The work of religion, in harmonizing man to the conditions of his own happiness, must evidently begin with this vital wheel which sets tile Spiritual being in motion. Religion accordingly claims to supervise the thought-power. It must claim both this right and ability, or abandon all claim to human control. For it prescribes not only the outward duties, but the inward affections which prompt them, and those affections can be controlled only at their thought-fonn-tains. The formation of character was traced to tho flow of silent, continuous thought, which ultimately produces a kind of spiritual visibility. Think I—and that Is what you are: “As a man thinketb, so Is he,” is a Christian axiom In this I occulter sense. While contending for the practical benefits of religious meditation, Mr. Canell mitered an earnest protest against Hie increasing aversion to religious solitude and self-abstraction—a tendency which is becoming morbid. We are too anxious to do and appear, rather tliau to think and to be. We must deep lf we would build high. Religious meditation enlarges the pleasures of tliought, guards the avenues of the heart against evil, and introduces the soul into the solemn and sublime temple of divine communion. BEACH STREET PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. Rev. J. B. Dunn, the pastor of the church, who has just returned from a foreign tour, preached yesterday morning to a crowded audience. Hts text was tim twenty second verse of Paul’s Epistle to Philemon: “But withal prepare me also a lodging: for I trust that through your prayers I shall be given unto yon.” When he was called, ho saki, to the pastorate of tim church he came In a spirit of prayer to a praying jieople. He realized the Importance of a church's prayers, and acknowledged before God bls safe return to be due to the prayers of his people. The wonts of the text had been a source of great comfort to him in his absence, and he therefore had selected them as the subject of his first sermon after his return. When Paul was a prisoner in the prison at Rime, he wrote this letter to Philemon, the brightest gem among all the cluster of Scripture gems, telling the love of the Apostle. Paul recognized the hand of Providence in his imprisonment and his release. No man had greater reason for believing in special providences than Paul. From his conversion all through his life he had seen evidences of it in every step he had taken. Our interests are all in God’s hands, and this fact is a source of comfort and relief st all times. Paul also In this epistle expresses a desire for life and liberty. Not for the sake of the world’s pleasures, for he had said lie was “dead to tho world;” nor because he feared death, lie had faced that and wrote: “It is better to depart and be with Christ,” and, “To die is gain.” He desired life because Christ’s interests on earth were dear to him, arid he wished by having it he might further Christ’s cause. For the same reasons, he, the preacher, had desired a safe return—that lie might minister to his people, to strengthen his brethren and win the unconverted to Christ. Paul also recognizes the importance of the prayers of the church. No man knew Hie power of individual prayer better than Paul, but he also knew the importance, the wealth, the efficacy of the prayers of others. Therefore he often asked the prayers of the church for himself and his associates. So the preacher acknowledged the value of the prayers of his own ghureh, in ids absence. Paul also suggests that lf spared it would be that he might minister to the church, to be its servant; he might edify—build up Hie members thereof. In the past the preacher had owed much to tho prayers of his people. In Hie future he needed them. In tho work before him of reclaiming the backslider, of converting the impenitent, of loading the children into Hie church, of comforting the sorrowing; with a praying people they should have success, happiness, growth, vigor; without it they could not have either of these. He had never before realized so fully the value of the prayers of his people as a help in lits ordinary and extraordinary duties. The needed strength for tho future was to be had for the asking, and he solicited the prayers of his people in his behalf. Those who had never prayed had lieeu the subject of hie thoughts and prayers in his absence from them, and his hope ii ad been that they might speedily come to Christ in large numbers. _ HARVARD STREET BAPTIST CHURCH. Tile forenoon service at this church was conducted by Rev. Dr. Woods of Illinois. His text was from Galatians I., ll: “But I certify you, brethren, that tile gospel which wa# preached of me is not after man.” He said that it was the practice of sceptics and opponents of the Gosjiel to judge of its claims solely or chiefly by the lives of Its professors. There is unfortunately never any difficulty in finding instances of departure from pure principles of tho gospel on the part of those professing to adhere to it. Yet to attribute tills misconduct and tergiversation to the gospel itself seems to bo either recklessly or criminally dishonest. It is manifestly unfair to judge of Christianity by its perversions or by the lives of apostates and liyjocrites. Christianity comes to us iii tho form of written records, these writings claiming to be sacred and containing the truth of God. A supreme love of God and equal love of men are the basis of its tea. lung, and all who accept it in truth becoom better mon and women and live purer and nobler lives. Yet to the candid and sincere inquirer those very perversions which sceptics so much dwell upon will be an additional proof of the divinity of the gospel. For these imrverslons show that the gospel is not of man, while the departure from the simplicity of truth aud uprightness in word or deed are the work of man. For example, we may look at the Roman Catholic Church, which claims to be tho only Christian Church. It is controlled by a hierarchy of priests, bishops and cardinals, with the pope at the head claiming to tie infallible. It is claimed, too, that he can remit sins or permit them, and it is known that his favor can be purchased. The members of the church are dissuaded or forbidden to read the Scriptures, and are taught to look to the priesthood for Instruction in matters of faith and doctrine. They are taught, also, that it is essential to be constant in attendance upon ceremonies of the Church, to repeat the pater noster, count their boodh and cross themselves with holy water. Those and similar tilings being diligently attended to, offences against morality are regarded as venial sins, which may he overlooked. Such is the Roman Catholic Church as it api»ears in the history of centuries. Voltaire and other sceptics, seeing all this, and tho absurdity and wickedness it Involved, identified it with Christianity and rejected and denounced Christianity. Had they taken in hand tim New Testament and read its simple and unequivocal teachings, mid contrasted these with the worldly pomp and authority of Hie Roman Church, limy could not havo failed to see, as sincere enquirers after truth, that the one was the work of God mid the other of man. Tho perversions of the Ureek and other churolies show In a similar manner the sort of a gospel that man left to himself would frame. The Geruiah philosophers, men of culture aud far removed from the superstitious of Rome, essayed to produce an anfended gospel. Had tho original been the work of man, they might and doubtless would have succeeded hi adding to aud improving in important respects that work. But In fact their substitute comprehended only some general Ideas of the lieautiful and the true, serving only as a contrast when compared with the holiness enjoined by the gospel. Tim more limy diverged from the simplicity of that gospel the mote absurd were their touchings,until in various forms of transcendentalism they became complicated and confused like the dreams of sleepers. They produced nothing which has power over the spirit of man, nothing which with authoritative voice directs him to duty. The gosrwl of Christ continues from age to age with all its original power, but these works of men, wise men and of good intentions no doubt, come to naught and are forgotten. The preacher closed by referring to the contrast between the writings of the so-called fathers of the church in the centuries inuuediatly succeeding the apostolic age, and said that the tone and character of these writings, though the work of believing men, showed uot a gradual decline, but a precipitous descent from the high spiritual plane of apostolic writings. The explanation is that the former were the works of men and the latter the Inspiration of the Holy Ghost. SOUTH BAPTIST CHURCH. Rev. Dr. Dickerson, the pastor, preached yesterday from the text: “Receive not the grace of God in vain.” It seems strange, said tho preacher, that while men confess the reality of religion aud their need of it, they take no measures to secure its blessings. Grace is favor. Men esteem as highly valuable the favor of those who are great in this world’s wealth and honors; they cringe aud crave for it; they will resort to all meaus to obtain it; and yet the favor of God, which, though it is freely offered, is above all kings and potentates, is carelessly passed by. Indeed, men seem to think they are conferring a favor u£on U< |l by accepting it. The favor of God la aa endowment that begins to draw Its dividends now, and will draw on a capital of measureless glory through all the ages of eternity. Fbenix-like it sh Ut spring to full splendor from the ashes of this present life. The gospel is the “grace of God” in Hie form of an offer. Had I held out my hand til led with passports to the great Jubilee, should I have called for men to receive them “in vain?” We “receive the grace of God hi vain” when we receive It sceptically, and I give a broad meaning to that word “sceptical” A man may be sceptical even while hearing the gospel believingly, by setting himself against it, by pointing out the faults aud shortcomings of Christians and making them an excuse for their own. Nome are sceptical in point of doctrine ; they do not believe in total depravity; they do uot believe in the final perseverance of the saints; they do uot believe in Ibis or that. My friends, do you believe you have a soul to save, and that Christ died to save it ? Because we all aglee upon that point. Some find (milt with God's work; they think he might have made different arrangements; that he might have managed that more of the human race should he saved; that there should be less suffering, etc. So God is “ interviewed by man.” We are God’s; the “sheep of his pasture.” He made us; he bas a right lo do with us as he please. No one doubts a man’s right to Dbl own property; he may do as lie Uke* with his docks; he may put Ida graiu Into the mills, and grind it never so fine; he may use it or discard it, it is his town. Has not God an infinitely better right to the great universe which he has made, and the creatures he has placed upon it? Irresolution causes the loss of more souls than infidelity. Men believe the truth; they are convinced, but they will not decide. At the last analysis, “what will you do about it,” some breath of popular opinion, some motive of worldly interests wafts them away; they have' “received the grace of God in vain.” Christians often receive it “in vain;” not in vain for salvation; God is pledged for that; but when they cease to work for Christ, when their lights no longer shine, when they cease to be a power in the world, they have “received the grace of God in vain.” We are the custodian# of the word of God; let os resolve anew to be faithful witnesses, to diffuse its light over all the broad earth until the kingdom of • our God shall come. UNIVERSALIST CHURCH, CHARLESTOWN. More than a score of years have passed since Dr. Chapin left the vicinity of Boston for a more extensive field of usefulness, bat his frequent visits, both in the character of lecturer and preacher, have not allowed the memory of his eloquence to grow dim in the minds of those who formerly heard, admired and were swayed by it. Very few are those, either among Universalists or the frequenters of the lectore-rooni, who have not listened to his round, full voice, now sinking to deepest pathos, hushing every soul in his audience to breathless qniet, now rising in eager, passionate appeal, awakening that slight stir and commotion among his hearers which show that absolute self-forgetfulness and absorption in the idea of the speaker to which an American audience so seldom yield. Very few among those who have ever felt his sway have failed to taste the charm of that calm sense of power which seemed to breathe through and round and over all that he said, giving the impression of a deep, underlying wealth of strength from which arose all the gorgeous structure of eloquence and fancy which they admired. Such being the ease, it is useless to dilate upon these things in which years have brought no change, unless, perhaps, the addition of a few mellowing and chastening touches. Dr. Chapin took for his text yesterday the fifteenth verso of the fifth chapter of Mark: “ And they come to Jesus, and see Him that was pwwessed of the devil, and had tile legion, sitting, and clothed, and in his right mind:    and they were afraid.” In the sermon there was no attempt to enquire whether the disease which affected the unfortunate Gadarene was actually diabolical possession or simply what is called, in modern times, insanity. Leaving this purely technical theological question, the discourse dealt rather with the revelation of the character of Jesus hi tile performance of this, aud other miracles of a kindred nature, aud afterwards with the various modern type* of insanity or spiritual disease for which relief might be found in the teachings of Christianity. It briefly marked the difference between the condition of the lunatic before ami after the miracle, and strongly insisted that, notwithstanding the many perversions which seemed to indicate tile contrary, the tendency of the Christian religion wa# to calm, reconcile and regenerate, stirring the depths of nature only to subdue the soul, and exalt the highest of the human faculties. This, Dr. Chapin said, wa# shown in the calm, Impressive performance of the miracle# of Christ, overwhelming the beholder with awe but filling him with a marvellous peace; in the Lord’s Prayer, so shallow that a little child could enter into its spirit, so deep that no philosopher could ever sound its lowest depths, Ute key-note of Christianity wa# infinite calmness, peace and rest. Sharply condemning preaching which was not sufficiently sensational to make those who heard it feel their souls touched by the finger of the Almighty, the reverend gentleman found nothing to say in favor of that which is calculated to frighten those who bear It, saying that men must indeed be moved by fear, but by fear of doing wrong and not of the consequences thereof. After an eloquent bat brief rehearsal of the noble deeds and lives which hail been inspired by Christianity, the orator turned to a consideration of the causes of moral discase, saying that they came from within, not from the body, but the carnal mind: this being the centre of evil, the work of restoration must begin there, and no one w as so lost that the pure, tender, scorching eye of a tov lug Christ would fail to find some good iii him; aud upon the power of rightly touching this one sound chord among the diseased mental strings, all healing power depended. Perhaps the most telling portion of the whole Mormon was that which came next, in which the speaker asked which man was most insane: he who had become frenzied by religious enthusiasm, or he who, neglecting the claims of that spirit which is not satisfied by bread alone, stands on a dead level, not thinking of God or heaven, casting aside the abstract for the concrete. “Why,’’asked Dr. Chapin,“should he be called souud-iuhided and clear-beaded who is aa crazy with stocks and quotations as a Brahmin with bls sotna-juice?” He only is sane who holds in proper proportion his relations with God aud the world, not be with whom the highest Is not always uppermost. Simon Stylite# upon bis pillar was crazy perhaps, but there was something heroic in the madness which gave up all for the spirit. Are they any less mad who abandon the spiritual aud give themselves up to the material? Au eloquent peroration closed the sermon, the last phrase tieing a fervent aspiration for the time when all restless storm-tossed souls, seeking they know not what, may find calm, aud at last all come to Jesus and Bit at bls feet, clothed and in our right mind.    ____________ CURRENT NOTES. New York city holds $89,000,000 worth (rf churches. An international exhibition of oil paintings Is talked of. A Georgia gentleman died from the effect# of a dog scratch. A Detroit policeman is barking on the cold trail of the Nathan murderer. Jimfiskated ” is the Independent's word for stolen. A fifty-three carat opal bas been unearthed in Texas. The Baptists of Virginia ore still agitated over the question of the “ regularity ” of Roger Williams’ baptism. In Switzerland a law is proposed making it unlawful for any one under fourteen years of age to smoke tobacco. A young explorer in the country thinks the humming birds have a sharp way of presenting bills for the morning dews. Bt. Louis, with a population of 316.060, had 227 deaths; Philadelphia of (770,000 bad 764; and New Y ork of 950,006 had 1569 deaths, last week. Boys twelve years old are found stupidly intoxicated in the streets of Des Moines, la., where it is fondly supposed the liquor traffic is effectually squelch# I. * We bate some persons because we do not know them, and we will not know them because we hate them. California contains a larger number of foreigner* proportionately than any other State In the Union. The census shows 336,393 natives and 309,889 foreign bom. It is stated that forty-five per cent. of the gross products of California is from agricultural source# % while but sixteen per cent, is from gold and other metals. With a view to the eternal fitness of things, a Greeley and Brown flag boats over Andersonville, Ga., where 15,006 Uulon soldiers were starved to death during the war, and where they now lie buried. In a French court recently, ae a witness was about to give in his testimony, an advocate remarked: “I wish to remark to the court that this witness is entitled to entire confidence, as be has not had time to consult his lawyer.” The only amusement of the citizens of Calhoun Georgia, is that of tying tinware to the tails of the village dogs. The dogs are so well Ural ne t that whenever one of them sees on oyster-ean in the street, he backs up and waits for some one to tie it on. The St. Louis Republican is shortly to be enlarge I to the size and style of the New York Tribune, and is to be printed on the Walter press, which strikes off 15,000 co|dee an hour, printing both sides of the sheet at the same time. The theory that Stokes was the gentleman who was present when Col. Fisk fell down stairs ami killed himself, is to be discarded. He is now mentioned as tho gentleman who gave a blundering surgeon a chance to murder Fisk with a probe. Seventeen pleasure trips to the United States have been arranged In Germany. Tho average ex pen ae of the whole trip, Including a ten days’ sojourn in this country, is three hundred thalers, lite visitor# will arrive iu this country mostly in August. They start from Cologne and Hamburg. ;