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Acton Concord Enterprise Newspaper Archive: January 30, 1918 - Page 1

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   Acton Concord Enterprise (Newspaper) - January 30, 1918, Acton, Massachusetts                                 PAGE TWO  'WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 30, 191ÎÎ  THE ENTERPRISE  Published at Marlboro, Mas3., Every Wednesday Evening By The Enterprise Company  OFFICE  151 Main Street, ' Marlboro, Mass.  Entered as second class matter August 25, 1903, at the Post Office at Marlboro, Mass., ' tinder tlio act of Congress of March 8, 1879.  WALTER B. MOUSE, PRESIDENT WALTER P. FRYE, TREASURER E. A. MERRIMAN, MANAGED  SUBSCRIPTIONS____$1.50 per year  In advance, $2.00 otherwlso  SINGLE COPIES ......Four Cento  SIX MONTHS .................. 75c  (Including POGtago)  Maynard, Concora, Sudbury, Acton, Bedford  AUSTRIA AT THE END OF HER ROPE  The strikes in Austria have become general, the ministry has resigned, and the people are calling for peace and reform. The food situation is acute and may cause a revolution unless peace is soon declared. The Socialists demand assurance that the negotiations at Brest-Litovsk will not fail beeauseof territorial considerations, and a complete reform in the provisioning system. They also demand equal and direct suffrage in the communal elections, and the annulling of measures which j have militarized the work of the factories and deprived the laborer of his rights. In reply to the demands Von Seydler, president of the ministry, has declared -that the government would do'its utmost to obtain a general peace without the in-»rease of territory at the expense of Russia, and that Poland would be regarded as an independent State,  - Austria-Hungary has reached the end of her rope. She is about done. Her treasury is empty and she is practically a bankrupt, totterin^ to her fall. Austria is not a nation, but is a composite body of petty nationalities that are loosely held together under the power of Austro-Hungarian militarism. There is no common interest; no blood affinity; only a disjointed and heterogeneous alliance that has been constructed by miliary power, with the German influence predominating to keep the dissimilar and reactionary forces together for political purposes,.in order that the balance of power might be maintained until such time as the dream of Germany might be realized in the absorption of the dual empire within the folds of the great Teutonic monarchy of "Mittel Europa," when Sultan William II., emperor, of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey, Roumania, Bulgaria, Serbia, Montenegro, Albania, Greece, Belgium, France, Poland, the western provinces of Russia, and in fact, all Europe, should sit in fancied security upon the throne of an empire more vast than was ever dreamed of by the Roman Caesars.  The picture was a grand panorama of Teutonic splendor, a pipe-dream and a day drqam, that haunted the Hohenzollerns and grew and expanded in the mind of each succeeding emperor of Germany until it fairly turned the head of the present monarch, fired the spirit of the Prussian militarists and inspired the captains of the whole economic system of Germany to prepare for the great struggle which was expected to bring the whole civilized world under the Teutonic yoke.  When the Teutons sprang to arms in the summer of 1914, and set forth upon that great campaign of conquest, they little realized that they would meet with the opposition which checked their progress and turned their joy and expectancy to bitterness and douft. They little realized that the war which they had brought upon Europe would include the world powers in armed "protest to Teutonic vandalism. They little realized that their partners, in the great crime of the 20th century, would become exhausted and a burden upon the power which planned and instigated the whrle bloody affair, or that the be-jeweled diadem of "Mittel Europa" would be a "crown of thorns" blazoned with coals of fire, but such it has proven to be.  Germany has also gone her limit; she is now on the defensive, and is frantically springing against the bars of steel which surround her in a mighty effort to break through, but even if successful her struggles will be useless, for she will become a prey to the bullets and shells of her enemies who will turn her temporary success into defeat and continue the pressure which is surely pressing the German hordes back into the confines of their own fatherland.  Germany is unable to give great aid to her ally, Austria-Hungary, and although the starving and war-tired people of the dual empire have called long and loudly for aid Germany has been too busy with her own affairs to render efficient assistance. It is true that Germany aided in the defeat of the Italians, but that defeat is of doubtful significance, and the result will, in all probability, be far more costly to Germany than to the Allies. The end is not yet. It is not territory that will decide the war, but the efficiency, of the fighting men, and at the present time' the advantage is with the Allies.  The example of Russia, in throwing off the yoke of autocracy, has had a wonderful effect upon the Austrians, and the sympathies of the 25,000,000 Slavs, who form about one-half of Austria-Hungary's population, is now with Russia and opposed to the autocrats of Berlin and Vienna. The seeds of discontent are taking root everywhere throughout the empire, and the fires of rebellion are springing up. The people are crying for peace and for food, and no empire, however strong, can long resist the pleadings of its people when hunger goads them to rebellion.  Austria-Hungary, weak in man-power, weak in spirit, exhausted in purse, a bankrupt, yearning for peace, and opposed to the annexation policy of the greedy Germans, is now involved in a general strike which may evolve into a revolution that will put an end to the autocratic rule of the Hapsburgs and add another example to the dangerous policy of resisting the will of the people when they begin to breathe the air that awakens the spirit of Freedom.  (   WOMEN DOING MEN'S WORK  The entry of women into the industrial economy of the world, as competitors of the men, is a source of much earnest discussion regarding the future status of men. The war is taking the young men from their usual vocations and their places are being filled by women, who are proving equal to the duties imposed upon them, and in some instances have quickly demonstrated a higher degree of efficiency than the men whose places they have taken. If the war continues over another year the drafts will call out the entire able-bodied male population, between the ages of 21 and 31, and women must fill their places. They will acquire the skill required to perform the work assigned them, and will expect to retain their jobs when the wall's over. What will the young men do when they return from the battle front? Will they be given their old jobs or will they be left to shift for themselves, and perhaps do the housework. The admission of women to the labors heretofore performed by men will make a change in our industrial system that may be for the benefit of both sexes.  Women are being enrolled in engineering departments of American universities and colleges. At the Kansas State College there are 150 women studying to become electrical engineers. Clarence Reid, Professor of Electrical Engineering at the Kansas Agricultural College says:  "Women arc being employed as power plant operators in the large central stations of Europe, and have been found entirely satisfactory. None of the machinery in these stations is operated by hand, but is all controlled by various forms of electric motors, set into operation by the touch of a button.or by electric magnets or air pressure, or controlled in some manner so that physical strength is not at all necessary. Work of this kind is far less exhausting than many forms of work in which women are now engaged, for central station operators may use seats and have more variety of movement in their work.  Desirable qualifications for entering upon engineering study comprises ability in mathematics and interest in scientific study."  Before many days we will be reading about disturbances in Germany that will sound very much like a revolt. The "fatherland" is very much of a volcano at the present time. The ground trembles; there are deep rumblings and a spirit of unrest among the people. The smoke of the pent-up fires gives warning, and soon the upheaval will come that will blow off the whole top of the German volcano and spread the fires of destruction even to the throne of the Kaiser.  CAUSE OF HIGH PRICES  If anyone is impressed with the idea that the shortage of food-stuffs is the cause of the high prices it will be well to examine the government reports regarding the holdings by cold storage plants. Cheese is so high that the sale is restricted, and in 389 storages that reported on January 1st, of this year and last, there are or were the first of the month, 57,114,006 pounds as compared with 31,383,635 upon the same date, one year ago, an increase of eighty-two per cent. Apples show a falling off in quantity of only two per cent, and yet the price is so high that they are left in the hands of the holders rather than pay the price at which they are offered for sale. Creamery butter is in greater supply; there being in cold storage at the present time 47,069,946 pounds, an increase of .039 percent. over one year ago. The holdings of frozen eggs is astonishing. One year ago there were in cold storage 2,737,220 pounds as compared with 12,255,501 pounds at the present time; while cold storage eggs have increased from, 901',222 cases on January 1 of last year to 1,186,842 at the present time. The holdings increased and the prices almost prohibitive. It seems that here is an opportunity for Mr. Hoover to get in some fine work. Cold storage houses were primarily designed to equalize the food supply by saving in time of plenty for the time of need, and thus keeping the prices within the reach of the common people, but the theoretical cold storage plant and the practical cold storage plant are two very distinct propositions.  PRESENT CONDITION SHOULD BE A WARNING  The coal shortage and the drastic measures taken for its relief should be a warning against the re-occurrence of this unfortunate situation, and should set wise heads to thinking about taking measures to conserve the coal and produce light, heat and power from nature's greatest and inexhaustive source of supply. The tides and the waves of the ocean could be made to heat and light every building and every street in the United States* and furnish power for every industry. The idea is not new, but practical machinery for accumulating this power has not yet been devised, except in the case of the tide mills, which operate with both the ebb and flow of the tide. Bays could be dammed and made to furnish power, and the waves of the ocean are a tiever ceasing source of supply. The waves are pounding against the shores of America for thousands of miles; hammering away, day and night, wearing away the rocks and ledges, and, with every billow, inviting men to harness their power that they may serve a useful purpose in the world's economy.  How long shall we permit the waste of this great power? Why not set our inventive genius at work to contrive some effective means of obtaining from the sea that power, light and heat which is ours for the taking.  Wave motion is already in use as a source of power to a very limited extent, but the crude mechanisms in use are totally inadequate, even for practical experimental purposes. The power is there, waiting and beckoning to us for recognition.  GERMANY'S COMMERCIALISM WILL SUFFER  Wars of peaceful acquisition of trade have raised nations to the heights of opulence and commercial power, yet exposed them to the jealousies of less fortunate nations, which, by wars of blood and carnage, have destroyed not only the object of their jealousy but themselves. The present war sprang from similar sources, developed into a war for the spread of imperialism and the perpetuation of the. power of autocracy collided with thè independent nations whose constitutional democracy was diametrically opposed to the antiquated policy; aroused the loyal spirit of patriotism which sprang to arms to protect that freedom which had been guaranteed by international law, and plunged the whole world into a bloody strife which can be terminated only by the surrender of the autocrats and the guarantee of the people that henceforth and forever the laws of nations shall be observed; that militarism be abolished ; that the rights of nations shall not be infringed, and that each nation shall be permitted to govern itself as its people shall elect, and that the whole international body politic shall be protected by common .law and a congress of the world powers that shall regulate the political and commercial relations of all the world.  Germany's commercialism, as a competitor in the trade of the world, dates back less than fifty years, but in that time she has come forward fast, and for the past ten or twelve years has been a factor in the world's industrial and commercial economy^ that has awakened the jealousy of her European neighbors. She has invaded the markets of both North and South America to the extent that the old and familiar trade-mark upon cutlery, "Made in Sheffield," had given place to the now more familiar one, "Made in Germany."  The French engineers found themselves in competition with +he Germans in the manufacture of delicate instruments of precision, and the scientists and chemists saw their dye and drug trade passing to the Germans. America, busy with the development of her own resources and not so dependent upon foreign trade as many of the European nation«, had not felt the Teutonic competition so acutely. Our mani,. :turers have for many years maintained commercial agents in all the countries of the world for the purpose of trade and investigation into che needs and wants of the people, and, while our trade had reached enormous proportions, we are striving, through merit, for a place in the world's commercialism, and we were gaining, and would have gained faster had our exporters been more proficient in the art of packing their n.jrchandise in strong packages that would withstand the rough handling to which they were exposed in long voyages to foreign lands. |  Germany, unlike America and the other powers, was not content in the enjoyment of equal rights and privileges upon the seas and-in the world's markets. Her success as a competitor had been so great, and her desire for control so strong , that her industrial economists lost their heads, while the Kaiser ' and his coterie of war lords planned a world conquest. T1 / were not long in finding the excuse for the attempt, and there is no doubt the murder of the Archduke was carefully planned and executed with Teutonic sanction. In any event they would listen to no protest or offers for adjustment. It must be war. ! Their armies were all well drilled, munitioned and equipped, and before the first blast of the bugle had ceased to echo among the hills of the fatherland, the German legions were in motion, and the very ground trembled at their regular tread, ; as they marched forth in the expectation of gaining by the sword even more splendid victories than they had won in peace.  I How little did the Kaiser realize that he was not omnipotent; that there was a God outside of Germany, and that the nations of the earth were not in harmony with the German idea of autocracy and world dominion.  | It was a bad day for Germany when her legions, with shining, helmets and millions of bayonets of burnished steel, broke over the borders and invaded Belgium. It was a bad day for Germany when her great guns belched shot and shell to destroy all opposition ; for with the first shot she destroyed her own .commerce and industry. With that first shot she destroyed her sea power and closed the doors of the greater part, of her industries. Of her 1400 ships engaged in the carrying trade 1100 fell into the hands of her enemies and the other 300 have been tied up in home ports. All this was her own doings. She has insulted and injured every nation upon the globe, sunk their ships, destroyed their property and murdered their citizens; she has forbidden the freedom of the seas and has pursued a career of wantonness that will brand her with infamy for ages to come. She could have taken no surer course to destroy her commercial and industrial prosperity, no surer course to national suicide than she has taken in her insane efforts to antagonize all nations in the world, even her allies^ for today Austria-Hungary detests her, and Turkey curses the day that she put her neck into the German yoke. The perfidy of the Kaiser has lost him the confidence of every government, ■ until now it is the purpose of the United States, and the Allies j to ignore the present German government, in negotiations for peace, and make treaties with only duly authorized representatives of the German people. The Kaiser must give up his job or Germany her nationality. She will come out of the war with her commercial relations in a very strained condition ; the work of half a century of industry destroyed, her merchant marine in the hands of her enemies, and the ports of the world closed to her by hate and suspicion, her people burdened by overwhelming taxation for the cost of the war and the restitution of the property they have destroyed. |  It has been said: "The mills of the Gods grinds slowly, but that they grind exceedingly fine ;" and when the grist is finished it will contain the pulverized remains of Teutonic autocracy, militarism and oppression.  The Germans are now charged with the introduction of the white pine blister into this country, and its ravages bid fair to exterminate the valuable pine forests of the country. A new danger has been detected in the introduction of pollen from Germany, brought here by German spies, to kill all the wheat fields of the country. The government is aware of the introduction of this new pest, and is taking every precaution to prevent is and to arrest the German agents who have taken this way to destroy the wheat crop of the United States.  If the Bolsheviki refuse to cede the Baltic provinces to Germany at the next meeting of the peace conference and Germany undertakes to execute her threat to resume hostilities, there will be something doing in Russia that should bring even the Bolsheviki to a realizing 1  sense that theory and practice are widely different propositions. The story of "the lion and the lamb" lying down together in peace is fine, but it practice the lamb is usually inside the lion. Russia is a big lamb, to be sure, but Germany is a savage and hungry lion.  OVER-CAPITALIZATION OF RAILROADS  The Senate Committee on Interstate Commerce is learning something that it and many other branches of the governmental machine have voluntarily closed their eyes upon, and that is t^e over-capitalization of the railroads. It is long past the hour when the sponge should be squeezed and the surplus water eliminated from what othex-wise might be a legitimate and profitable business. There are far too many wheels within wheels in the construction and management of railroads. From the construction companies to the stockholders there is quite a breach, and it is a mighty good railroad that can pay dividends on common stock, after so much sub-marine engineering. If laws could be made to cut capitalization down to actual investment there would be no trouble with the railroads, provided they were not top-heavy, and they usually are.  Pasadena and several other C. lifornia winter resorts, contain the magnificent homes of hundreds of multi-millionaires who have made their fortunes in the exploitation of railroads. The people want a square deal. They 1  want something for their money, and laws should be made to prevent the introduction of wind and water into railroads and other commercial or industrial enterprises, and also to compel the squeezing out of the water that they already contain. When that is done some of them will be terribly flabby for a while, but the act would be a great benefit to the people and the government.  Every home and every army agrees tlwt mall must liave a balanced meal, with a good dessert, cither at home or in army rations.  That doesn't mean that you shouldn't economize in desserts these days. Von should and you can. None Such Mirjcc Pie is a very real des-sert—none better. And a None Such pack, age of Mince Meat works out the cconomy of pics, cakes, puddings, and cookies.  None Such is economical, because itn condensed form and paraflin-lincd packagc prevent waste.  It costs only a few cents and is cheaper than bulk mince meat bought by the pound.  None Such Mince Meat is made from the very best ingredients. Just what you would use if you were making it yourself, and it comes to you cheupir than you could make it yourself. <  A package of None Such Mince Meat becomes three times the package weight when the moisture in making is added.  Bake a None Such War Pie — a regular Mince Pie with no top crust. That saves flour, shortening, labor, and expense. A None Such War Pie saves and conserve:,, as wc arc asked to do by the U. S. Food Administration.  ARTHUR HERBERT  Teacher of Violin Conservatory Methods Studio: 16 Commonwealth Ave. Concord Junction, Mans.  Commonwealth of Massachusetts  Middlesex, ss. Probate Court  To the lieirs-at-Iaw and all other persons interested in the estate oC Charles F Taplin late of Acton in said County deceased.  WHEREAS, a certain Instrument purporting to be thé last will and testament of said deceased has been presented to said Court, for Probate, by Emily C. Taplin who 1'vj.ys that letlera testamentary may be issued to her, th^ executrix therein named, , without gi a g a surety on her official bond.  You are hereby cited to appear at a Probate Court, to be held at Cambridge in said County of Middlesex, n the eighth day of February A. D. 1918, at nine o'clock in the forenoon, to show cause, if any you have, why the same should not be granted.  And said petitioner is hereby directed to give public notice thereof, by publishing this citation once In each week, for three successive weeks, in the Acton Enterprise, a newspaper published in said County, the last publication to b& one day, at least, before said Court, and by mailing postpaid, or delivering a copy of this citation to all known persons interested in the estate, seven days at least before said Court.  Witness Charles J. Mclntire, Esquire, First Judge of said Court, this eighteenth day of January in the year one thousand nine hundred and eighteen.  F. M. ESTY, Register.  J2n-30-Ffi  Commonwealth of Massachusetts  Middlesex ss. Probate Court  To all persons interested in the estate of Charles H Wheeler late of Acton, in said said Countv, deceased: WHEREAS, Horace F. Tuttle, the administrator of the estate of said deceased, has presented to said Court his petition praying the Court to determine the amount of t money which he may pay for a monument to ho erected upon the lot. in which the body of said deceased is buried.  You are hereby cited to appear at a Probate Court, to be held at Cambridge, in said County, on the eighth day oi' February A. D. 1918, at nine o'clock in the forenoon, to show cause, if any you have, why the same should not be grante.l.  And said administrator is ordered to serve this citation by delivering a copy thereof to all persons interested in the estate fourteen days at least before said Court, or by publishing the same once in each week, for three successive weeks in the Acton Enterprise, a newspaper published In said County, the last publication to be one day at least before said Court, and by mailing, post-paid, a copy of this citation to all known persons interested in the estate seven days at least before said Court.  Witness, Charles J. Mclntire, Esquire, First Judge of said Court, this eighteenth day of January' in the year one thousand nine hundred and eighteen.  J23-:!0-F0 F. II. ESTY, Register.  Commonwealth ot Massachusetts  Middlesex, es. PROBATE COURT. To the heirs-at-law, next of kin, creditors, and all other persons interested in the estate of Richard Murphy sometimes called Richard F. Murphy lata of Maynard in said County, deceased, intestate.  WHEREAS a petition has been presented to said Court to grant a letter of administration on the estate of said deceased to Mae M. Riley of Maynard in the County of Middlesex, with-aut giving a surety on her bond.  You are hereby cited to appear at a Probate Court, to be held at Cambridge in said County of Middlesex, on the first. day of February A. D. 1918, at nine o'clock in the forenoon, to show cause if any you have, why the same should not be granted.  And t'ne petitioner is hereby directed to give public notice thereof, by publishing this citation once in each week, for three successive weeks, in the Maynard Enterprise, a newspaper published in said County, the last publication to be one day, at least, before said Court.  Witness, Charles J. Mclntire, Esquire, First Judge of said Court, this fourteenth day of January in • the year one thousand nrne hundred and eighteen.  F. M. ESTY, Register.  i lC-23'30   

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