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Acton Concord Enterprise: Friday, November 15, 1889 - Page 1

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   Acton Concord Enterprise (Newspaper) - November 15, 1889, Acton, Massachusetts                                 - friz 1 '  K  1  v   •ifrJ ^ - - )f —- » *  Vii lit -"V * •>{ • 11 "f <"? Ì • - "  f r  ¡TT?  frìfr flu," .'.V'.-"  OOlSTOOFtlD, MAB3., FFcIO^Y, NOVEMBER IS, 1889.  Number 9.  T  MITRI» iéiDAV M^^ÌNOS.  "" " .............  Svilii!BSCnfVTlOU: ft,00 PKK Y KAU. 'IMVARIABJjY ih advance  IJi^T' V  jfejtifetoSr. MARLBORO, MAYNARD,  •«©KCORD, ACTON, SUDBURY, tv , ^mWf 1ÌAYLAVÒ, WESTON.  <*•>  v  • ^ -J maille** County.  MWi'iiÂkî s Ä.____  '. : TOOWrilfrJ  ( SOUTHHpRO, AND  " I'ltlNCII'Al. OFHCK8 IJ^M^« Wo ki WOIMI Squft», HUDSON ^^'BMpi*Ulo«*, M»In St., MARLBORO. ">''i MaWiard's Block. Main «t.. MAYNARD.  i'» i , ----  T ItAThS IW A l»VKBTIs; KO. 1 dnitailli.QH« wwk.JSoi »»oil additional, 25c.  ..... nednfottkm at head nf column, etc., 15  u£Wlli"hat to tegular ratti, m ar yinlefskmal card», Ave line* of "*tU* t)jp« M H«a IS. |m r )W, including a copy of  ^^S^fgdtic*» Inlo^al eoltitnn, 10 cent* a  Saeh-ssWents. For Hale, To Ivet, Lost. found, ttfl., not ttKXTditiir T< ur linen, w 11 be Inserted  ' "Kir ecu», or three weeks  ' * *  ^^ _ 4p,«r !  THANKS.  Not excewilrYsixllnes, fine Insertion, 80 cent». ; CgeTrsnMeiit advertising, cash in advance.  tfSfif'f« . «WB^rtlNl.IN«,,.; O^^^tMortlttloir p'ttiittptly and satlsfactori I y  ■';;PJ«a»e rememlierthc.btsl p'ace in t'iwn to huy lWts, Nlioi s, Rubbers and Slip-  HORACE TUTTLE  Hack, Boarding  ana Livery Stable  . WaMea Rintl, C«»e«ri,Ma*  Hack» and ttargaaturnlabcdlorpaitleB.Onlera left at J. C. Mend's Onf Store and at tM Stable will receive prompt attention, Connected by telephone.  MISS ANNIE C7 BLMSDELL, Christian Eeintitt.  ABSENT TREATMENT GIVEN.  IVIlesldence and FostoOlce address.  l'«ne»r«l, M«»»,  THOMAS H. DRURY  P. J.  V. ; - Ì  Huh in a full tine <>(  Styles and Samples  Greigbtons Shoe Store  . Main street, opposite Niison street. ' À'itili lino of  omti.Douglas'  03BÖUanBM-ÄLTIDD SECO ES,  In —  Also ft complete line of Misses and Children ShS&vJtteel and Spi ine Heel ,  4  With prices to suit every one.  Don't buy yonr  in'  till yotv^ji^*«**iMn^d;;ihy stock, tlie IsiWMfc f^-^^^^nhltoiitie in town. Thttè '^JKiabrt' t-leiirt. light  from thtf|fa1Öli4faetur»> h and were boupht forSPOTCXÏtf nfrBlftiK discount, thereby " * " gl^s^rthe honefit. Ladie«  i'xamine  IIiHiun over H. S. Rlcliardson's Jtrne 8tore. A good line of  Worsted & Woolen Samples  To select from. A good ALL WOOL pair of Trousers for $&.€0. Suits Equally low ^  CS^nepa'rlng nea'ly (lone.l^J  Concord, - - - - - Mass«  ATB. BLack.  Wheelwrisbt & Carriage BnQler,  CONCORD, R1ANM.  Carriages  For sale, repaired, built or exchanged.  Harness Making, Carriage Painting and Trimming a Specialty.  Harnesses, Robes, Whips, etc., for sale or exchange.  HARRY L ALDERMAN,  Veterinary Surgeon,  Concord, Mass.,  Wilt attend to all dlsoase« or  Cattle, Horses, Sheep, etd.  Orders left with A. 11. BLACK, » Iii lie prouijit-y attended to.  » MAlN-S^t^pW'te N ASOX ST.  - ««ass.  IHARBLB & (¡llJMTIi WORKS.  P. J. SHEEHÄN,  (Successor to I). R. Wllilains À t'ó.j* Manufacturer of and dealer In all klnils of  Foreign and American (ìran-ite and Marble  A large assortment constantly on liuW'l aj prices tbat ilefr tìompetitiòn.' :  Bp-Call and emmlne lw»fnre i«m,li«lng iiw-«mere. Visitors always weli'ome;  Bedford Street, • Concord, Mass.  aprii 21-ly  OK  Foreign and Domestic Cloths  Also a very fine line of  Gents' Furnishing Goods  Repairing and Gleaning  Neatly, ano quickly done.  Riverside Block, Main Street,  MAYNARD.  MASS.  WILLIAM BARRETT,  General Insnrnce Agent,  Concord, Mass  The rollnning Companies are represented:  MUTDAL COMPAKIKS.  Quiacy, Uolrolie, Waremtler, Tradm nail 9lMliaaini,CiliMa>,>a4 llrrrimiieU. Stock Comtaniko. Ilanr, KpriafliiM, Pkaaii of Harl f»rd, Ina. (!•. .((V. A., t'niiaralal,PnT, IVuh., and Narihera Apiaraace •( <l*n.  ¿yLife noil Accident Policies written in tltHt-class Companies.  L E. BROOKS, HaeK, Livery, 5 Feed  and Boarding Stable.  ilaeks furnished for 'weddiniis, funeraW, etc., ami barges for parties.  opposite Kitchhuru R.R. depot, CONCORD, • ¡WASH. Connected l>y telephone. Hacks at ilepo.  P. D, GILMORE,  IDEJJSTTXST,  ' .«fKIt'l! DAYS! Maynaid—TburKdays, Fridays and Saturdays. in Maynard's block.  Northboro—Mondays, Tuesdny« aud Woduesdaj», at residame* M»i|i ^Mt«^  Maynard'iÎÔflCli.'Âaynard.  VIOLIN LESSONS !  -jillVEN IIV —  FLORENCE W. RICHARDSON,  Tost Oltlee Aildl'ent all'I Iti «Ulciii e,  concord,  MASS.  HEW AND KOBDY ST1LKS  .pn-OFrr-  O- JEL. SrOXTlSTGr ■  Barber and Hairdresser,  Has newly fltted up the shop formerly occupied I by Thomas Miller, and is prepired to serve the [ public in a flint class manner. ! Pnrtirular attention given to mtting l.mlif»' ami children's Hair. \ > South Acton .Ma»».. Ma^ «,;1889.  -I ■  Gents Finishings  Trnnks, Valise?,,.Umbrellas.  Fdats tnadeHo Order  i 4U;ü<>ods sold at Bottom Prices.  t»— r t  Neil Currie & Co.  8. ADAMS,  otfse-  —ÀND-  M AYNAItD, MASS., ?':ftpp. A>aabet Mannfcstarlne Co-'a Mills.  Ofti^fift^n lii ahoftinar*Iiiterferiiip, >: OlttMMWolliiiK and Tender-footed ¡-.Jlormw. All work wnrranted nnd al fM^^til^l.riics.  •' Comntoiuirealth of Massachasetla.  I'^OHATK COURT.  , _____i«l«tcre»>fii III (heKsfat« udder the  Will of Mary T. Cutler, late of Mudlmri, in said County, deceased. Riven In trust for tlin liene-fliof Jueeph (lore cutler and others, (ire<t-  ■\\7iHKRICAH. Cliarle» Tboni|Mon, the trustee : VV under said w li, has presented his petition for lleenie 10 aell certain real estate therein siiec-Ifled. beld by bini a* sucta trustee:  Voo am fwrrby »llrd | to appear at * Probate Conrt, ^lesnlaenu Cambridge J n said County, «a* Hw fourth Tumday of Koveinl'er next, at nine dWack-Jn'Sb«. foreitoou, to sbow cause. l r  any t»i« iwine; and »aid tru-tee |s ordered to ser e this citation l y publishing the aasMJtnc« a week In die Sudbury Ektkb r»i«»,>' neSrtpsper printed it Sudbury, three writ» eaetettvely, the last puMlcatkm to tie two d«hlt|ea«t. before mWCourt.  Witness, George M. Brooks, Kaquire, Jnriire of said Court, this twi nty-nlnth day of Octolier, In Uw year onf thousand eight hundred and •tchty-nioe.  •or-£tt J. «1. TYLKR, Register.  DEALER l.\  Ifatcbes, Clocks, Jewelry ad Silver fare.  i : i il s  ;  • " E- . ;■ ,! ■ ; •  222 Main street^ Marlborol Under tie Windsor.Hmm  Tt»rough work in leaning and repairing. Eleven years'experience Hampden Watch Co.  to ALL WHO CUMB.  Hot only those abore us on tbe height, ,  With love and praise and reverence I greet; Not only those who walk in paths of light  With glad, untiring feet; These too I reverence, tolling up the »lope. And resting not upon their nigged Way, Who plant their feet oa faith and cling to hope, And ellinb aa best they May.  And even tti«*w I praise, who, being weak.  Were led by folly Into deep diagram; Now striving, on a pathway rough and bleak.  To twin a higher plane.-For wisely have they done, and passln, well.  To choom what seemed a dim and hopeless way And upward from tbe choking depths of hell To cllmh as best they may  Remorse aud burning sham« and deep despair.  These are the hell, its demons and its Are; They mulsh when the sufferer lifta In prayer  His purified desire Then dawn» the truth upon him. clear and sweet; Flame* cannot scorch them then, or demon! stay:  All heedless of his lure and bleeding feet. He climbs aa bent be may  Oh I Htruxgling r.nuls, be brave and full of cheer.  Nor let your holy purpose swerve or break; The tvay grows smoother and the light mori clear  At every step you take. 1», In the upward path God's boundless lore  Supports you evermore upon your way; Yon cannot fall to reach the height* abore Who cli:nb a* best you may! — Kudora 8 Bumstead in Travelers" Record.  a nocroirs stoiiv.  ams  Alwavs to be obtained by all who are in want of  STRICTLY ALL-WOOL FABRICS  For Ladies', Gents', Youths' or Children's Wear,  In all Weights and of tlie   ;  Latest 'Shadings and Styles.  The many who have availed themselves of the bai-gains offered by us in the past can testify to this, and all in want in the future are invited to send for samples and prices before supplying themselves elsewhere and be convinced.  All the Remnants and Imperfect goods made at the Assabet Mills also sold by us, and lliey are offered at PRICESKiOWEK THA* CV«R|tEF0R8.  Write for Samples or give us a call.  The Peoples Dry Goods  Dr. GHAS. H. JOHKQUEST,  IIISUBjiNCB III'ILQIVU, "- - • CONCOUU, MAS». Office npenevery day eioept ■ 9rtSarsWr»m y A. M. to vi M., and from 1 to 5 l'.M. Kiid ay», A M . nt «erormatory. Apnointments oiadc throuitli tiie lnall, box l:u. Hefervnce Urs. Flagg <& Os good, SMVemont Rtreet. Kmton.  H. O. BART II ELM ES,  I had been sent for in great baste, anc had fancied that I was needed in som< extremely critical cast', for the hour wai 9 in the cvciiinji and the night a storm; one.  What, then, was uiy surprise, when 1 had been ushered into a handsome par lor in one of the best hotels, to tind, sit tint; in a large arm chair and with nc appearance of ill health about her, a very beautiful woman, whom I knew to be ai actress of (Kuition and hud often ad mired upon the stage.  She was dressed in the most becoming fashion, and arose with a smile upon my entrance.  Her maid, a Spanish looking woman with a beautiful olive skin, remained standing near the window.  "You look surprised, doctor," the ladj began, motioning me to a seat. '*Yoii will be more so before you leave me. ] am not ill. and 1 can see that you know that at a glance."  "You certainly are looking very well n<adaine," said 1.  "1 am feeling well." said she. "Tiu question that I desire to ask you, as I man who has made the brain, in somi degree, a specialty, is. Am 1 mad? Yov. need not mind my maid; slit »peaks ut English. I want you to give me youi opinion. Do you think me insane?"  "That is a very difficult question, ma dame," said I. "A doubt of your ration ality never would have occurred to me Besides, insane people seldom guess theii condition. However, you must liav« some reason for asking the question?"  "A very grave one," she answered. "Either I am out of my mind or then are such things as ghoBts."  "There are optical illusions also, ma dame," said I.  "But illusions of the sei.ses of sigb' and touch and hearing all ut once. Would that, zidi lunmxxncaor' asfcetl sljo.  "Not if you were aware they were il lusions," I answered.  "But they seem real to uic," t*»iU ti»» lady, "oh, so real I 1 suppose you read <:he stories about me in the pap.rs? Yot Uave heard of the man who killed himself for love of me?"  "The Frenchman!" 1 asked. "To tel) the truth 1 have read it."  "They said I was cruel to him," said the lady, growing somewhat excited. "1 was not. I was kind at first; but he dogged my footsteps and threatened my life. Not at lirst, of course, but after 1 had accorded hint ati intei \ iew, and refused him as gently as a 'woiuan could refuse a man. lie wanted me to marry hitu. He wr". rich, of good family; he was honorable, and very, very much in love. But 1, bow could 1 love a stranger! And he was ugly, a great, savage looking creature. After that lie tried to kill me. lie shot at me. I had him arrested, anil he committed suicide in prison.'' She paused arKL__shuddered. "It is he who comes," she added.  "Naturally," said 1. "you have been greatly shocked. You dream of him, and your dreams are so vivid that you fancy them actual occurrences."  "I knew you would say that," she sighed, -but 1 have very vivid dreams, for in them friends who have been dead for years come to me. They speak and move, and touch me. But when I awake I know I have been dreaming. This is different. My ghost—or my madness-comes to me U|>oii the stage."  "Upon the stage?" 1 repeated.  •'Yes," she answered. "He says 1 shall not act again. 1 was playing a week ago when he came. He often comes, but never before did lie touch me. This time he laid his hand upon my ann, and whispered:  " 'I tell you you must retire from the stage! I exact this penalty of you. The next time you tread the boards I will kill voul"'  "Well?" said 1.  "I fainted," said the lady, "and fortunately it was the correct thing to do at the moment. Only my fellow actors guessed the swoon to be a real one. But the next day I canceled my engagement. I declared myself ill. The truth is I was very much frightened. 1 had grown used to his staging and pointing to his throat, but wheifit oaine to touching roe and speaking"--  She paused, shuddering violently.  "Yours is a case of disordered nerves, madame," said 1. "I advise you to take a holiday."  "1 don't dare to go on acting!" she gasped. "Don't you see that? Why, 1 really believe you do not know why I am bo troubled! In the very prime of life, with everything I value at my hakid, I must sink into obscurity—retire on a small sum of money, when I might make an immense fortune—give up the applause 1 live for, the art 1 adore—and all becau.se a ghost will have it so!"  The tears arose to her lieautiful. eyes. She wiped them away and forced a laugh.  "Oh, you know I had rather think myself a iittle out of iny mind than to l>e-lieve in my gli'wt!" said she.  "So should I." said 1. "If you will take my advice you will give yourself a holiday, surround yourself with friends, and forget your hallucination—it is one, You are ,|iHi a little upset, and it will pass."  I wrote n prescription.  "Take tills ut night," I said. "I assure you that science has distinctly proven the fact that ghosts rlo not appe*.' to any one."  Shortly I went my way. The fee sent to my ottice greatly exceeded my usual one. and the next day I read in the papers that Mute. - had taken her  physician's ad vie« and would spend a  twelvemonth in southern Europe.  it was more than a year, however, be-forei I saw upon the walls of the finest theatre in the city the announcement of Mme. ——'a reappearance. She was to play her favorite role, and the papers were full of paragraphs concerning her. She was, they said, handsomer, in better voice, and altogether more charming than ever.  Seats at the theatre where she was to ippear were sold three weeks in advance, ind at fancy prices.  An I bad my fortune yet to makel felt ;hat it was somewhat extravagant to attend on the tirsi night, but I did so, nevertheless. It was an occasion of dress Mats and white ties.  The house was full of the most elegant people in the city. The company was Bne, the music excellent.  The curtain roee upon, the unimportant sharacters who always ¿slier in a play, Uld finally the door at the back of the itage was flung open by a servant, and Mme.' —- entered. A roar of applause greeted her. The papers were right. 6he was handsomer than ever. Her role was one to call forth al) her art. She did not fait  As the play proceeded I noticed, however, Via t she occasionally glanced in the direction of one of the side scenes in a way jf did not like. Ami as the curtain rose ujion the laBt act there seemed to me a longer wait than usual at the time when she should have entered; however, she came.  She advanced to the footlights. Tin part she played placed her in that scene in the midst of a bowling mob, who threatened her.  She turned and faced them. They flourished weapons in the air. She addressed them. Iter tall form drawn to it< full height. My memory of the play wai that at this moment succor arrived, but It, occurred to me that the scene wai changed. From the midst of the mob s strange, wild figure rushed forth. I saw it but for a moment. It threw back the collar of its coat and revealed a red gasb across its throat and flung out its hand toward her. I saw it but for a moment, wondering what connection it had with  the play. Then I saw Mme. - fall  forward on her face.  The curtain fell. The house was In an uproar of excitement. A moment aftei a call was made for a doctor. I was the first to answer it.  A little group of physicians gathered about the beautiful form that they liac lifted to a sofa; but we saw at a glance that we looked upon a dead woman.  For my part a horror beyond thai which sudden death inspires possessed me,  "Did you tiotice the moment at which she fell?" I asked a prominent physician who stood near me and whom I knew well.  "Yes," said he, "aa «lie spoke tlio lasl words of her defiance. Her friends were about to appear."  "1 fancied onoof the populace—the one who touched her, who had blood upon him—frightened her," I said.  "Oh, no one touched her, my dear fellow," he said "There is nothing of the sort in the play. She awed them by bet manner, you know. Good heavens, what  * 1b Viocif'ibfe'r' i .¿¡s&erea.  I think , so still. No one but myself had SfHK the man with the blood u F o u  his throat unless she did, and unless all that I am Uxmd as a medical man to disbelieve is true there are such thing! as ghosts.—Mary Kyle Dallas in Fireside Companion.  Two Youngsters.  Tommy was at a boarding school, and it had been decided that, for varioui practical reasons, it would be better foi him to spend Thanksgiving with a neighboring aunt, instead of taking the longei journty home. This conclusion was announced to iiim, with as much gentleness as possible, and in a few days his father received (he following note:  l>ear»t Papa—When the turkey's In the oven, and tht 'tatoes in the pot, wheu tbe cranberry bubbles redly, and the pudding's smoking hot— wheu tie nuts are cracUed and waiting, and tht mislusaeap the plate, and you're so awful him gry th4 you'd rather die than wait—"then you'll remenuermel" O, pa, mayn't 1 go home? You« miaeraile Tom.  Thep sent for him by the next mail.  Tuikey, well stuffed, was on the table, and tie little girl of the family found the dresshg very much to her taste.  "Gi*e me some more of that," said she, «lien she had eaten her portion.  "Wmt, Mamie?" said the mother.  "Plrase give me some of that."  "Now, Mamie, you should ask for what you wint by name, and not say 'some of that"  Mame looked distressed, but finally puckeed up her lips, and said:  "I vant some of the clothes."—Youths' Comptiion. ,  Gel Skin Gloves.  Coiunenting on the use of eel skin for gloves a Gloversville correspondent says: Eel slin makes a glove that is smooth, fiexibh and equal in appearance to real kid, aid possessed of far greater tenacity. it leitlier rips nor tears except under grett force, and it lias a quality that renieri it in one respect greatly superior to alter articles. It is not penetrable by water. Perspiration froip the hands or water upon the' outside will not injure the cdor or make the gloves stretch. It is beteved that Yankee ingenuity lias discoered a new and handsome covering for fee hands that will come into general ae. — Rome Sentinel.  tverhenrd at the Newspaper Club.  Bibs—Let me see, didn't Hqiubbs make an offertf marriage to the editress of some pub- I UonMi or other? .  DMis—Yes, unil the offer, like liis latest ir.aiiscript, was res|>ectfully ilcclincil.--L>fr-tri il I Vcc Press. ;  ! SUCCESSOR TO POPE LEO.  —__^ probabilities that the cardinal8  Will soon have to choose him.  I'AHOCCHl.  Tarocchi re-  The Only Son of the Millionaire—Oh, Ma-bel, do you lovi mel Mabel—So.  The Son—Then yo i wont marry mel Mabel—Of course I will.—Ufa.  He trill He an Italian, and Probably Cardinal Parooclil—How Par Political teeaaon* Aae Allowed to Influence—Method of Klectlng a Pope.  Pope Leo XIII is in failing health; iti* conceded that, under the most favorable circumstances, his life cannot be greatly prolonged and so another pope must soon be chosen, and this fact brings into special prominence two ecclesiastics. One of these is Satolli, papal delegate to the Catholic centennial at Baltimore, whose prominence at this great American assemblage is thought by some to have a special bearing on the question as to whether the pope shall leave Rome.  Cardinal Maria Paroochi, vicar general, on the other hand, is a prominent candidate. perhaps the most prominent, and is just now especially noted for his pronounced views on the relations of the papacy and the kingdom of Italy. He is young for a cardinal, having been bom in 18!i3, is a man of -iron will and clear aims, and probably the ablest exponent of the policy of resisting the seoular Italian power at every point of its e n croac lime n t. While bishop of Mantua he boldly es|K>us-ed the cause of the Jesuits during the struggle between them and tbe bo called liberal bombard clergy. He was made bishop of Padua and then archbishop of Bologna, but to this last the Italian government objected, and signed and went to Rome.  About this time Pope Leo developed his [xilicy us one of resistance to the secularizing tendencies of the civil government. So Bishop 1'arocchi was made vicar general, and wielded a power seo-ond only to that of the pope. In faot, ii, was soon recognized that affairs of the Vatican were confided to Cardinals Raiiipollo del Tindaro and Lucido Maria I'arocchi. When the electoral conclave assembles, the (tower of Cardinal Paroc-clii will b) supreme in all the arrangements, and he will be supported by all the priests of conservative views—those whom the Italian politicians ¡¡fleet to stigmatiwMis the "black party." Many shrewd observers in Italy look upon his election ¡is already certain.  Others Kpokcn of are Cardinal San-feliee, of Naples; Cardinal Alenionda, of Turin: Cardinal Battaglini, of Bologna, and Cardinal .Monaco. The situation is so peculiar that it is thought out of the question t<> choose a Freuchman or German. as. in j-pitoof itsspirittial character, the |ia|iac\ is necessarily interested in European complications. Spanish, English. American and other cardinals are not subject to the same disability, but none <.f tlmm are prominently sppken of. The Italian cardinals outnumoer all others, and, in view of the peculiar relations ui ,„»|iacy auu me Kingdom vc Italy, it is conceded that' the next pope will be an Italian.  There is a curious lack of information among non-Catholics on this matter of the relation of the pope to the local government, and tliey often assume that the conclave is not free to choose, or is in some way unworthily influenced in choosing, with any reference to the situation of France, Germany, the United States or other semi-Catholic or non-Catholic countries. They forget the many instances in Scripture where the [leople were told to choose rulers according to their temporal needs, and God then accepted their choice as thedivinely appointed, and that the poi>e is both spiritual head of the church when he speaks "ex cathedra" upon doctrine and a temporal adviser iti Christendom, as free to decide u|x>n policy as any ruler.  It may interest such people to know that the lirst Catholic bishop in the United States was really chosen by Benjamin Franklin, who would now be spoken of as a deist. Father John Carroll and Franklin went to Montreal together during the American Revolution and became fast friends, so Franklin successfully urged the claims of Father Carroll to the lirst mitre sent to the United States by the Holy See. By this extremely democratic feature in the Catholic church the choosing powers may consider all secular and spiritual, political and civil reasons for choosing any man, but once chosen and inducted he becomes spiritually supreme within his functions. Nor is it claimed that the choosing powers are exempt from error, but it is believed that they have a measure of divine guidance.  Sluch is said in France just now of the uncompromising attitude of the quirinai (meaning the Italian court) against the |>apacy, and the extremists, Renan being their chief spokesman, predict a speedy removal of the pope from Rome; but as that classffif men have so predicted at interv;i'.ls for smile 400 years, it need excite no present concern. It should not be forgotten that the pope is bishop of Rome, ns well as head of. the church. Pursuant to the democratic principle above set forth, the election of a pope as a purely business proceeding is conducted with as scrupulous regard for fairness as that of any oflieial in the world. Each pope creates many cardinals, their terms being usually short, as they are generally old when appointed, and Ixso XIII basin eight years ulimst entirely recreated the conclave, for o" the fifty-eight cardinals only sixteen vere created by Pius IX It should lie added that cue last created (Cardinal liende, pupal nuncio at Paris) is thought to be the rallying iioint of the op|K>sition to Cardinal Parocchi. as Cardinal Rende is thought to lie a believer in the most pacific policy.  On the death of a pope the cardinals are at once summoned by one of the secretaries of the sacred college, and within te.i days after the death ihe balloting begins. A number of small rooms or recesses open upon a corridor in full view of all. In these rooms the cardinals sit after their orders. A solemn mass of rhe Holy Ghost is said in the Vatican church, and thence the cardinals go In procession to the conclave; the balls and entifS"building are then closed to the outside world. There are a («w  SATOLLI.  attendants, of course, the arrangement having a general analogy with those of other small electoral bodies. Food is served if necessary, but no written communications are received. The forms of "identity," "credentials," etc., do not differ materially from those of a senate. The seats of the cardinals inside the railing are significantly decorated, and on election all the c&nopies are lowered except that of the newly created pope.  The balloting proceeds by each cardinal's advancing to tbe altar, praying a short time in silence, and repeating aloud in Latin this oath:  "1 call to witness our Lord, who shall be my judge, that I am electing him who. before God, I think ought to be elected."  He then deposits his ballot in the receptacle upon the altar. Two-thirds are necessary to a choice, and there are rigid rules for long intervals between the ballots. If any cardinal receives exactly a two-thirds vote, his ballot is opened (they are marked, but so folded as to be counted without exposing the voter's name), that it may be shown that he has not voted for-himself; for no cardinal can cast a decisive vote in his own favor.  ENGLAND'S NEW WAR SHIPS.  The Armor (  Clad Victoria la tbe Moat Powerful of tbe British Fleet.  The British are,getting out war ships notwithstanding the fact that they have quite an effective navy already. One of Brittanla's late productions is the armor clad Victoria, the most powerfully equipped British war ship afloat How different her appearance from any of the late cruisers built for the United Statesl With a very low hull and high built amidships she resembles one of the steamers plying between New York and Albany on the North river. Those two ugly, lean looking barkers that shoot out from the turret in front weigh 110 tons each. Those smaller noses projecting from the openings on the side are h«e-ton guns. There are six on each side of the vessel. Aft on the upper deck there is a gun weighing thirty tons.  H. M. 8. VICTORIA.  The Victoria is very large for a war ship. She is 1M0 feet long, 70 feet beam, and draws 26 feet 0 inches. Her displacement when equipped is 10..>00 tons. She has twin screws, each driven by triple expansion engines, collectively intended to develop a force of 12.000 indicated horse power, giving her a speed of 1CJ knots. Her manipulation throughout is effected by hydraulic power.  COMMODORE FRANCIS M. RAMSAY.  n« >!«• u#.n Given Clm>a* &r lb* Htatea Bureau of Navigation.  The promotion of Commodore Francis M. Ramsay, of the Hnw>i.-lyn mvy-yard, to be chief of the bureau of navigation of the United States navy is a proper reward for long and faithful service, and is an appointment highly praised by New York men of all parties. His career has been a peculiar one, as lie was made midshipman just thirty-nine years and a few days before his recent promotion, and during all that time has been in the naval service of the United States.  Francis Ramsay was born near Washington, April S, 1885, and was appointed midshipman from Pennsylvania, Oct. 0, 18.50. He served first in the frigate St. Lawrence, Pa-c i li c Bquadron, and was promoted to passed midshipman in June, 1856. He was then assigned to the Brazil squad" ron, and afterwards to the frigate Merrimac. Rising rapidly m  rEiNCK  *  RAK3A T' rank after the civil war began, he was finally made lieutenant commander, July 16, 1863, and given command of the ironclad Choctaw of the Mississippi squadron. As such he took part in the engagements at Haines Bluff, Yazoo City, Liverpool Landing and Milliken's Bend, and in the siege of Vicksburg. From that till late in 1864 he took part in many minor engagements with field batteries and guerrillas on the Black and Ouachita rivers.  In 1864-65 he was in command of the gunboat Unadilla of tbe North Atlantic squadron, and was in the engagements at Fort Fisher, Fort Anderson and other places on the Carolina coast When the war closed he was put in charge of the department of gunnery at the Naval academy. July 35, 1866, he was promoted to commander and again sent on cruising service, and so continued for the most part till made commodore, when, last February, he was put in charge of the Brooklyn navy yard to succeed Rear Admiral Bancroft Gher-ardi.  A Great Queetlon 8ettled.  At the high school, In the first class, an interesting debate was had on the subject, "Is the Mind of Woman Inferior to That of Man?" Andrew il. Bush, Jr., and Harry Macoraber took the affirmative side of the question and Miss Julia Hunt and Miss Edna Tobey the negative side. The girls argued that the most temperance work is being done by women. The boyB replied that all the greatest temperance lecturers were men. To this the girls retorted that it was easier to talk than to work. The boys remarked that the average weight of man's brain was greater than that of woman's. "A fool's brain weighs more than a wise man's" was the answer of the girls. "But we said the average weight," replied the boys. A girl said: "I think quality should be considered rather than quantity." The clincher came when one of the boys arose and said: "As I understand it, God is a man, and if tbe mind of woman is superior to man God would have been a woman." At this climax a vote was taken and favored the affirmative side.—New Bedford Standard.  The deepest or gravest tona that it la possible for us to bear has thirty-two vibration! per second; the highest, the shrillest, hat •bout 70,000. Hairt voice can scarcely go below a sound that gives I A4 vibrations per ■sootid, nor woman'* voice higher than 8,088 vibrations par aeooQd; but you children go aach higher than that ia the shrfiicriee yoa  MAKING Î0STAL CARDS  HOW THE POPULAR LITTLE MESSAGE BEARERS ARE PUT UP.  Reducing Bate to Card« and Then Printing; Them—A Little Town Where This  Is Done—Immense Increase In tha Demand for Postal Cards.  American postal cards made their appearance in May, 1873, since which time the sale has grown so rapidly that over 1,000,000,000 have now to be manufactured every year.  Ten miles below this city, on the east bank of the Hndson river, Is Costleton, a pretty little country village, overlooking the river. In a ravine, back of tbe bill on which the village stands, is a cluster of brick buildings. In these buildings are manufactured all the postal cards used by the government, and from here they are sent to every city, village and hamlet in the United States, to be used by the public and sent by them to all parts of the civilised globe.  THX UTTLB RAILROAD.  Daring the year 1888, considerably over a billion cards were turned out and sent over the country. For each thousand of thess little missives the government pays fifty-four eents, and for them it receives the sum of $10. In the little ravine are five boildlngs. Tbe factory where the postals are made is a long one story structure, about three times as long as it is wide. In this building all the cards are printed and cut from tbe sheets, counted by machinery, put up in packages of twenty-five each and packed in pasteboard boxes ready for shipment. A large fire proof vault, built expressly and holding 30,000,000 cards, which are always kept in reserve, is located in this building. In tbe sooth room is the government office, where is located the chief clerk and nine assistants, who are kept constantly busy recording the requisitions from postmasters and the time of filling them.  The machinery used in making the postal cards is the usual kind of paper making machinery, and there are kept constantly in motion three washing engines, four beaters and two sets of rollers. One set is used entirely for postal card work, and one for the finer grade of book paper work for the government. Each day from four to seven tons of rags are used, besides a large quantity of wood pulp. The postal cards are made almost entirely from rags. The rags are carried from Costleton on tbe smallest railroad in the United States. It Is a little single track road connecting with the Hudson River railroad, and it runs around the bills to the mill. One locomotive, one passenger car and a postal car constitute the equipment of the miniature road. The cars are but little larger than street cars. No operators or station agents are required to manage its affairs, and no fares are charged passengers or freight rates collected. The little train starts from Castleton, or the mills, whenever there aro shipments or passengers to go, and returns when any one in authority gives the word. It is only a half mile from Castleton to the mills, but nearly all the operatives ride, as tliey do not core to walk where they have a special train at their disposal.  FROM RAGS TO CABDS.  This little train of cars carries away daily from tbo works two car loads of printed postal card9, all of which are brought to this city and thence distributed, according to the destination marked upon them, all over the country, in every postofllco over which Uncle Sam has jurisdiction. To load a car requires between 2,000,000 and 3,000,000 of the little cards, according to how they are paok-ed. Throe million cards make a large load, as a box containing 23,000 cards weighs 103 pounds. A thousand cards weigh about poonJ«, or. to bo innrn 1,000,000'earde  weigh 5,2-25 pounds.  Climbing up the hill to the largest building ono can easily follow the process by which postal cards aro made. In a back room of the building can be seen a dozen girls whose sole duty is to sort the rags that come In from the collectors. The girls cut off all buttons and buckles on discarded garments and sort the rags into piles according to quality. The sorted rags are put into huge chopping machines, which cat them into small pieces. It then whiffs them into a dust machine, where they are shaken and cleaned. From this point they pass through a succession of batiis in chloride of lime and various other bleaching and cleansing chemicals, with occasional visits to vats and trips through rollers with sharp knives on them.  After passing through the different processes the rugs come out in a fine white pulp as thin as flour paste. This is shaken over wire to get the water out, and is then put through a score or more of rollers and a glue bath, after which it is rolled out into postal card paper. At the end of the long rolls that have been squeezing the paper down and putting the gloss on it, are the knives used for cutting, and the long sheet passing through It is either cut into sheets four postal cards wide to be put into the huge automatic presses or into sheets 31x30>^ inches. In tbe big room of the postal card mill are about a dozen men and two dozen women, four large presses, four cutters and one extra large cutter. The sheets are taken to the press, where they are given the feeders, who on the Campbell presses feed forty-one sheets a minute, or 1,700 postal cards. The cards are printed from steel plates so hard that a file could not make an impression on them. Each one is printed from a separate plate, and eighty plates are locked in the bed of the press. All the plates are sent from Washington, and one set of plates in continual use lasts about two years. The feeders are women of experienoe, and they receive forty-one and a half oenta for feeding 100,000 cards, and can feed about 600,000 a day.  The sheets are next taken to the cotters, from which they are turned out in single cards. Three girls take the cards of each feeder. One counts twenty-five in each package, and the othor two put on the paper binders. After they leave this room they are put up in packages, counted out in packages of twenty and put iuto the pasteboard boxes, which by contract must bo muslin bound. Five girls put the muslin binding on the boxes, receiving for tha work fifteen cents per 100 boxes. The boxes when filled are put into cases ready for shipiuont. No order for less than 500 cards is filled. Orders for 10,-000 or more aro packed in woodon cases, the largest single coso holding 2.>,000 cards.  A new machine has recently been put in to work on |x>stnl cards that will increase the rate of printing thetn and docrense the number of employes. Two of the machines are now hi operation. They print from continuous rolls at the rate of !>00 per iniuute. A set of knives cuts them off and they drop into little cells; a set of steel fingers turn tbe package over. After each tweuty-five cards have dropped into a cell, the fingers twine a band about the package and carry it back to the packing room, where the gills put them Iuto boxes.—Albany (N. Y.) Cor. St I-oui« Globe-Democrat.  Spare Cst  "Can yc-,1 jive me some of the rules about writing poetry I" asked the ambi'ious rhymester of the successful editor.  "Yes," said the editor, "I can give yoq the first and mest important: Dou'tl"—Sorner-Ville Journal.  The pine t ree is one of the mi*>t useful and luxuriant of our forest trees, and in ancient days it received an amount of veneration amongst the tlreeks and Romans, similar to the oak tree amongst tho Druids.  It is Mieved that a twig of the hazel placed over the door of a dwelling house Is an infallible chnrm against lightning; and various other supernatural powers are attributed to this mystic tree.  From Mexico there comes a peculiar tree known as the "tree of little bonds." It ii thus called owing to the fact that its five peculiarly curved anthers bear some slight resemblance to the fingers of a child.  The holly tree has become an object of wonhlp, like the mistletoe, and at one tlm* new born children were sprinkled with water impregnated with holly to ward off 'SvB   

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