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News (Newspaper) - July 19, 1969, Frederick, Maryland Forecast Variable cloudiness with the chance of scattered afternoon aid evening shoneis or Uiundcr- showers and tomorrow. Attend The Church Of Your Choice VOL. rmt Run i i Todjy I I FREDERICK, MD., SATURDAY, JULY 19, 19G9 FIRST SECTIONS 1G PAGES SECTION COPY 1UC WEEKLY BY CAHBICR All Is ?Go' For Apollo Moon Orbiting Pollution Of Moon Termed Unavoidable si'Aci: CFYini. Houston (AP) Like a spreading virus, inai in his time 'ias corrupted and polluted the waters, the air and the land of the earth thai fives him life. lie i.s leadiini1 out to coitaminate the moon. He will pollute its thin atmos- phere. He will spread his own bacteria onto its smfa-e. He Hill-as he has done already litter the moon with he no loiger needs. Such is the price the mooii will pa1 for rece'u ing two astro- nauts this weekend. It is un. avoidable if man is to there. The bra'iing rocket which will settle the lunar module o.i the moon's surface will discharge five tons of exhaust gases onto the mow, by one estimate. This will equal five per cent of the moon's !.olal existing phere, if the guesses of some scientists are correct. The earth, b> contrast, has about six quadrillion tons of atmosphere. Bacteria and other organisms will leak out at the rate of per minute from each of the two special spacesiiits bv Neil A. Armstrong and Fdrtin 1C. Aldrin Jr. That totals more than 300.000germs during their walk, ing and working on the moon. Nothing can prevent it. Rven surgeons and nurses in sup. posedly sterile operating rooms etude moL-e microljes Uian that from their not just their breath but from their skins as well- even after they have scrubbed tip and donned special An international space agree- ment stipulates sterilization for all rockets, probes and equip, mcnt landed 0.1 the moon, or on the earth's sister planets. But total sterilization has proved to be impractical be- cause such chemical treatments foul up delicate electronic gear. So some past unmanned probes-both U.S. and Soviet- landing on the moon arc as- sumed to have started out with some earthly germs. The on Apollo 11 has not been steri- lized, says a spokesman for the iraiufacturcr, Grumman Air. craft Corp, The landing craft will be exposed to the sterilizing effect of heat and ultraviolet light during its flight, it was pointed out. The astronauts will leave on the mojn their walking boots and glo.es. a TV camera, the special tools with which they pick up moon rocks, a seismo- meter to see if the moon has mojiiqualies, a reflector to re- ceive and retraismit laser beams sent from earth. None of these, so far as could be learned, has been sterilized. On the positive side, the moon is bathed in fierce ultraviolet light from the sun. The light is a mo it efficient killer of bacteria if it strikes them. Also, the moon has no surface moisture and its thin air is nearly a vac- uum. So most of the germs the astronauts carrj up or release there personally should proba- bly die soon. But the fart that they un- avoidably will release germs complicates the issue of deter, mining whether there is any mi- crobial life on the moon. If the rocks they bring back arc fojnd to harbor germs, then the key question did the as- tronauts take them up there, or were they micro-organisms, especially peculiar ones, which have long existed on the moon? To check this out, the astro- nauts have been examined rig. orously to learn what kinds of micro-organisms existed in their and in the before their departure from earth. Hocket exhaust fumes from the descending LM introduce a complication. Hydrocarbons in Die fumes might form organic compounds in rocks and soil picked up around the landing site. Organic, rather than inor. ganic, chemicals mean Uicrc is a basis for life of some kind. Specialists estimate that an area within a radius of 100 feet from the landed LM might be thus contaminated. So, it would be preferable to gather more pristine rocks from a distance farther than that, if the astro- nauts find that in their bulky suits and adjustment to the moon's far weaker gravity, they can walk safely to spots where the fumes did not spread. j Mankind's Greatest Draws Nearer -'-V; 11 "ore down on day, readv to blr CFNTFJt, Houston The explorers of named Columbia 'I hen thev Ml start the long trip homi-, aiming for a splashdown in the Pacific Oi ean next Thursda.. President Nixon, who to be 11 bore down on the moan to- blast themselves into lunar orbit to begin two hlima" on the i ecu.eo ship, also pla.i Neil A, Armstrong, Air Force and Col- mo. when en- or- for MJT when the astro- i ,x.< nauts are behind the moon, out -t. Thc wiu ine ig- craft Is .'i i nauts are behind tli JBfrsi of radio contact. Th nnt knnw ivholhnr II of radio contact. Thc worl not know whether the engi nited properly until the v- impartant part" of U.S. troops could be withdrawn from Viet- nam only if sufficient U.S. equipment and funds arc forth. coming. He also said he would do all he co-ild so that South Motnamcie troops coi-H "re- Joint Chiefs of Staff. Wheeler was accompanied to Independ- ence Palace by Mm. Joun Mc- Cain Jr., U.S. commander in Uie Pacific; Gen. Creighton W. Abrams, commxxler of U.S. troops in Vietnam; and Deputy U.S. Ambassador Samuel Her. ger. Wheeler and McCain are on a four-day tour of Vietnam to as. sess Uie lull and Uie battlefield situation. Thev were expected to discuss wiU) President Thieu Uie prospects for further withdraw, als of American troops beyond Uie now being pulled out. The fight near Taj Ninh City flared morning when force of unknown size, a U.S. headquarters commMiiique said. The fight was Uie biggest in- volving American forces any- where in Uie country since U.S. 1st InfJintry Division troops and air strikes killed 32 enemy in virtually the same area July 12. The B52s were called in for follow-up raids against enemy forces as Uiev pulled from the fight. Two raids wore car. ried out later Friday' and anoth- er early today. Thc bomber attacks around Tay Ninh and strikes directed at nearby Black Virgin Mountain arc part of a U.S. effort to sq'.ielch Uie growing enemv ed by the Frederick Housing Authority. At present there are 256 units in Uie Lincoln, Taney, Carver and John Hanson projects. The new units will be the first, however, to be specifically desig- nated as housing for the elderly. Qualifying for the housing will be families, in which the husband or wife is at least G2 years of age, single persons who are at least G2 years of age and single persons who are at least 50 years of age and disabled. There will also be somequali- fications based on income, but these have not >et been set, Lee said. A low rent housing project specifically designed for the el- derly has been under considera- tion by the city for more than five years. When HUD approv- ed Uie plans for the project last Novembei, Mayor Jolui A. DIM i said that the specialized Iwusing would fill a great need in the city. Besides the 100 living units, the project will provide recrea- tional facilities and general areas for relaxation and socializing for the residents. reappears around the edge the moon 2G minutes later. The astronauts have the op- tion to cancel the ignition if Uiey detect anyUiing wrong. If it does not fire, Apollo 11 would merely swing once around the backside and head back to one of Uie built-in safetj measures of the mission. The Soviet Union assured Uie United States Friday that its un- manned Luna 15 satellite would not interfere with Apollo ll's mission. The Hussians said Luna vias following an entirely different path around Uie moon Uian that planned for the astro. nauts. Thc Hussians also indicated in a cable to astronaut Frank Bor. man at Houston, who requested Uie information, that Luna 15 might be gone eiUier landing on the surface or rock, eting back toward earth. As Uieir date with destiny neared, Armstrong, Aldrin and Collins were firmly in the grip of lunar gravity. They zipped into Uie moon's sphere of influ- ence just before midnight Fri- day when thev were 43.495 miles from their target and miles from home. After a day in orbit, Arm- strong and Aldrin Sunday are to detach a lunar landing ship, the fragile craft Uiey call Fagle, and fly it down to Uie moon's Sea of Tranquillity, near a cra- ter named Moltke. If all goes according to plan, Armstrong will descend a nine- rung ladder to the surface at 2.21 am. Monday. He will be followed 20 minutes later by Aldrin. Together they will fulfill an ageless dream by exploring tliis desolate world which has fascinated man from the begin- ning of time. hours Uie> will collect precious bits of Uiis alien world, plant scientific instruments, and determine their ability to oper- ate in the unfamiliar one-sixth gravity. After a lunar visit of 22 hours, they will launch Uiemselvcs to rendezvous with Collins in Uie orbiting command vessel, nick- to talk to the astronauts 'j> la- dio while thev are on the moon, the White I louse announced. 11; and Aldrin crawled through a tunnel into the LM Friday. After a two-hour inspection, the> re- ported it in excellent shape for landing, "everything look.i great in Aldrin reported. Aldrin, Fagle's systems ex- pert, plans another two4iour ex. aminatio-i late today. During it, will also do some furUier pre- paration for Sunday's dip to the moon. Armstrong and Aldrin gave a worldwide television audience a surprise 'Jfi-minute look Friday at the interior of the landing ve- hicle. Collins asked mission control center if it would like some "free meaning TV Coverage NT.W YOIIK (AP) Follow- ing are Uie television schedules of major networks for Apollo 11 coverage: Saturday: ABC, p.m. HUT and p.m., decision on lunar orbit and transmission from capsule, G p.m. bulletin on commital to lunar burn, p.m. progress report. CBS, 4- p.m. NBC, 1.2 p.m. and 4. p.m. Live transmission from is between 4 aid p.m. Sunday: CBS and NBC, 11 am., beginning of 31 hours of continuous coverage. ABC. noon, beginning of 30 hours of coitinuous coverage. unscheduled. Controllers agreed and Uie color TV camera re- layed remarkabl> clear shots of the transfer through the tunnel into Uie LM cabin. The camera recorded Uie scene as Aldrin and Armstrong searched for any signs of dam- that might have occurred during Uie launching from Cape Kennedy Wednesday. The norma'ly quiet astronauts even opened up and had a little fun during Uio At one point Armstrong point- ed Uie camera through the tun- ncl and showed Collins alone in Uie command cabin. "Is Collins going to go in Uie lunar module and look Uie ground asked. "We'd like to let him." (Continued on Page Five) Army Changes Mind On Nerve Gas Dump U.S. troops ran into an enemv I threat to Tay Ninh City. OEO Due Facelifting Amorioan troops. Thleu's opinion of the lull was in accord with the expressed rfiews of moil American com. in Saigon. They- bis. licve Comm mist command U RirdinR for "high point" In its sporadic summer the nows ronforeiK-e. p; with of thr t ,S. Thlou WASHINGTON (A1-) Don. aid Itumsfcld, youthful hc.id of Uie federal antipovorty agency, denies persistent speculation that he's out to dismantle Uie Office of Economic Opportunity, but there's no doubt by the time he's through Uie OFO will look different than it did under Uie Johnson administration. Itumsfcld. Uie car-old for- mcr Illinois who has been director of the OF.O only three monUis. tells inter. viewers that he has >et to come to anv conclusions agency. Uie Itumsfcld has spent erf his time rcviowirwr five years of hearings on Uie OFO. the Opportunity ,Vt a folder that details tho Vfnov's pi and programs also har ScTK'M ho calls "top people who have the competence aid feeling for the programs" to fill Uie top slots in the agencj. Kum.sfcld has formed task forces from inside ami outside the OFO in an attempt to get new about structure of Uie ILS an rv.Uu.u tion of its past performaice and its research. Rumsfeld emphasizes that he has not made any major dcci. sion Uiat would change the couise of U.c OFO since he irfTioe although some actions have been takrsi. Ho persuaded Nhon ask to give Uio OF.O a lease on life, woo it a bro.nl role in Uie battle against huneer, expanded iU cxpcri. monts in welfare and Income maintenance and discouraged rrrrvrs to shift complete a.rthori. tv for all maipmvr pro. crams to thr> I Iv-pirt. rrr it. Two Treated After Crash Two people received minor injuries in an accident at the in- tersection of North Market Street and Third Street carlj Saturday morning. John F. 22, of HI 1) 1, Jefferson, driver of one car, and Alex J. Sabo Jr., 34, I1FI) 0, Frederick, driver of Uie other car, were boUi treated for lac- erations and cut-s at Frederick Memorial Hospital and released following Uie a.m. accident. City Police said, Bailey, win) was driving north on NorUi Mar- Itkl Mi Lit, i ..lv fcl'tV, t.> stop for a red traffic light. Col- liding in Uie intersection with Uie car being driven east on Third Street by Sabo. Police said Bailey's car then spun into a lightpolc at Uie north- east corner of North Market Street, cominR to a stop there. lUmfiRc to llailcy's car was estimated at Damage I to Sabo's 19G3 car w.v esUniat- .-t lie. Itmwn charged Bailey with failure a traf- fic control devlro. A ttooky Hideo man was charged wllhfailiirotodrivo right W FOX _ Mo, e than Army nerve gas bombs which weie to buen hauled across the countn, and dumped in the ocean will be dis- posed of In Colorado in keeping with recommendations from panel of scientists. The Armv anno meed Fnd.r- U.IU the cluster bombs con. .aiding liquid nerve gas at the Ifoekv Mountain Arsenal near Denver where the> are now stored. Officials said about 2.0011 tons of the obsolete gas wo-ild be po.ired into a large, sealed, un. dergro.ind storage area which al readv contains residue of chi-mical warfare agents. on f Ivp) VrLi To Gifts For (Jls The I rederick Countj Veter- ans Association will wrap 7'> gift jMckwcs for local sorvicemt-n in Vietnam afternoon .it Die F.agles lul. on i'.itrich Street. President Harvev SUmc s.iul the mailing; of patKages, which bo Tuesday, will include Mime canned items it-turning combat have Kaid they tealiy lines, fiench fries ..and mote irun oil. Also in the pn k.vi swill bo a of this ciliticn of The- WR. Vjout l.OilO to is of lesi deadly rustard is to be burned at the .11 sf i.il, .u i (ii Jin.; to '.he Armv. A Acadcmv of Sou encc's committee made the re. commendation June 2) on how the Arn'v sho.ild dispose of the obsolete "capons, ri I '11 p 10 to 30 mo iths to carry out "de- rrilitarizatun" of the bombs. Still undecided is how Uie will get rid of another large supply of nerve gas weap- ons stored in I'tah. The chemicals are part of tons of obsolete bombs Uie Armv had planned to haul bv train to the Coast, wl ere Uiev were to be placed on ships and In the At I an. tic Ocean. The Army suspended t! f plan "iTtrr ro vrrssion.M otit- cries. Meanwhile, th? continuing at- tack on I .S. gas and perm war- fare development was fueled bv reports there had been an .vcident July S Involv. mg nerve gas on Okinawa. The confirmed 24 persons h.nl been foi six i obsci-vation "as a result a mishap" but would not on a report thtt a of highly secret pas ha! broHp open. Pie Okinawa report comei on the heels of disclosure bv a sub. romm'ttoo that the Army had boon ro-xlurtiix open-air tosta of (hrrriral w.irfare agents at I'.Cf-o ill i
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