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Alleganian (Newspaper) - December 20, 1865, Cumberland, Maryland VOLUME II. CUMBERLAND, MARYLAND, DECEMBER 2O, 1865. NUMBER 33. MOHMTJTG. Oflluo on Mechanic Street, near tho Nutionnr-Honso. TKUMS UP .SUJfcsClUVTIO.V UOI.I.AII.S usir, iiir.iruhh in ndim-re. No tuki-u fur a jit-riod tliitn Circuit Hon. IJKO. A. Clerk ot tho Onim IldKAi'i; HC Kc.'Mvr (if CEO. W. Bute's (JKtl. A. TIIRl'STOS. JAMK3 CIIIMIOI.M, in. of thy Uf I'll in1- (Vurt J. It. II. CAMI'IIEI.I., I'TlKCY, A. M. I-. lll'SH. Countr ELIJAH ni JOIIS 1IE1.U J. II. STAI.USOS. J. L. TOWXSI1KXU. Tai S. TmV.VMil'.NIi. L'lirk to JACOB litlOAVX. Dr. HBHSY J. GHADUATK of Itellevuc Hospital M.-d- ical roIli'Kt'. NVw Vnrk; funm'rh nflin-s.lu- dvnt of llunnt- A. llrali-} Mnitll. mid ul 1'ruf. Hamilton, uf N'TO- Vurk: lalrCnnlrml Surgeon, iu Ulun t LONG, IJetli-rs in re) Iron, Sled, Cutlery, etc., Mwuiler's etJinl, corner llultimun.- and Mi- ciininc FUUPKHIGK MINICE, Iteilir in Boots, Shoes, IlaU, Caps, Trunks, etc., McKaig's 3 Stnrr llloik, I'lUiinurc stm t. WIU.IAM MUKKIIUAIJ, .Alnniir.irtiin.-r of Tin, Copper, anil Slicd-Iron M'arc, llloik, near tin- It.Lltimorc HALK SWAUTOWKLOHK, in Books. Stationery and Fancy Goods, liniKr IkliiiU-rc ll.'ll, lUlliniori-glmt. AN'DHBW r.ONDKlt, I'c.Ucr In Rpatly-matlo Clothiiur. Cravats, SlIIISTsi, DUAWEItP, KTI-., Filtiinore Hra-1. tin- riwNiflirp. MERCHANT TAILOR, x n u i. ij T n inn, rp stm I, iH.tr Pulilic A. I'. .SIUCI'llKUD, ]H-lllT 111 Dry JfotioiK. etc., Pluff Milln. Hr.-.'t, KBIiKXlJKOK .fOHNPON, I "rulers ill Clocks, ffatrlips, Silver anil ri.ATKI) WAIEK, etc.. Neil door to Post-Plfii-c, Ilalliiiiuro strwt. JOHN WJDKXKU. JVSTICI: OF TIIK OfTicc nn f trt-rjl, nr.ir the i'ulilir Spian-. SA.MUKI. HVAMri' Itcstmirnnt nnd Saloon, P.niMl nCVRESHMnSTS t on k, Iljillimnruitrnt. Krcrv slioiild rnpjily liis fjinilr ilh nnc the knot, marriage will be Miigular, because the Bible tajs that iwain Fliall he one ill-Mi." "What gender t? mmiago "foinnKin gender, because either ninlcor female may get married." "Docs marriage govern anything, or docs it agree with something V" "Jlolh, It governs Ixilh mankind and womankind, and ai to agreeing it apreci with (he world and (he rest of mankind." mo your rule V "My rule i? that IJill shan't gnimhtc if I buy two tilk dresses a joar, and he Mnn't have but one of sugar to tivo cnps of colTcc." "Tin: lore of money is the root of all and the root, of lha rnnccT, ii generally ineradicable. Hn ii an admirable- man who h.ii .15 mileh wit if had no MMise, and ai much sense ns if he bad no wit. To mingle the useful willi tlie boanliful if ihc jiighcat, of.nrt, j'J'hc one add1! v.-Jtie-i Eoport of tho Secretary of War. The following it an abstract of the Rujwrt uf the Kvcrt'Liry "f Wnr: The Sccrt'tarj stitos that the national mil- itary furcfl on the 1st uf May, Inirtd one million five hundred and tiiiecn men. It propo'i'd (o reduce the milita- ry vi-tuMNhmi lit tu fifty thnusaud troops, and eight hundred thoiisniid hmcbcon mut- alrcaiiy. The war apjirojirialiuns at Ihe last of amouiiled to the mm of The esiimatus fur the licit 1 lineal year, i omnii-ticing ISlij, are I, The estimates are based iljwn a standing forec of lift; thousand men, so organised as to admit an increase, without additional organiriiioiis to SJ.OftO troops of all arms. He add-: The reduction uf the National military furee need mil occasion any alarm in the piiLiliemindiil this reason, when grave ques- home and abroad arc unsettled, .since the only reason demanding it greater force are either a renewal of the insurrection or a foreign war. Tionjis eould be easily raised, especially in the case of a foreign war, iilien both North nni! South would nnh lo battle. Kx- p.-rienco in the p.ist fnur jears has shown tint an army i-uuld be brought into the field with iniTidible. speed, and oncu. it ii nrganizcd theie no need of Iraiiiing. A" lo arms and ammunition, with those ill the hands of the dibbaudfd armies an.! those stored in the government arsenals, the supply is ample for any war that can be waged ag liiwt nn. After selling or distributing among frcuil- nieti and all danriged or irregular clothing, the stock of clothing and material in the ilujiott H i-ufiiccnl for any armies tli.it tiny bo called inlo service. Tho water transports and rolling stock, wagon1; and horses held by the Gov- ernment lo the movement and supply of larger forces in less time, tlmn had heretofore been known in war. The Government has or is disposing of this transportation, but it remains in this country, and can answer any exigency. Aimy subsidence is derived from the country in which military operations arc carried on. or supplied from other markets. During the war this most vital branch of the .service never failed. It answers to tho demand, and is ever ready to meet the na- liimal call. Tint-, with our ctlueatinn. habits and ex- perience, the nation, in tho midst of peace, is prepared fur war. IIu concludes "Afier the signal successes vouchsafed to our arms, there were other causes which contiived looveithrow the rebellion. The steadfast adherence of the President lo the measure of emancipating tlieshues in the rebel State-1; .second, theMeadf.ist resolution of Congress to maintain Ihc Federal Union at all hazards as manifested by its legisla- tion; third, the patriotic measures adopted by the Governor of the States in filling the ranks of the army and furnishing tuccnr to the sick and wounded; fourth, the result of the Presidential election of fifth, the faith of thi! people in Ihc national success as manifi-f tr.l by their support of the Govern- ment i rcdit. Looking lo the that have accom- plished the national deliverance, there cccnis no room henceforth fi dnubi the .stability of the Federal Union. These, causes are per- manent, and must always have an active ex- istence. The majesty of national power has been exhibited iu Ihe courage and faith of our citizens, anil Ihe ignominy of rebellion is nitm-ss.cil by of the great rebellion. Kcport of Secretary of tlio Nary. The Iteport of the Secretary of (tin Navy, i" icry voluminoiH. After a few introduc- tory Mr. Welles proceeds to review the connected with Itvo ex- peditions against the Wilmington fortifica- tions, aeoribing the failure of the first to (irnrral Huller. So early as ISIi'J, he was d'virous of making at] effort to seal up the harbor of Wilmington, but was unable to se- cure a military co-operalion until la't year. Then the most formidable arm- ada of the war was fitted out and the com- mand (liTen-d to Admiral Farragut. Im- paired health, however, prevented him from entering into the .service, and Admiral Por- ter undertook the, work. When tho at- tempt to capture Fort fail'-d, Admi Porter "earnestly requested that the en- terprise should not be and it was in to hi-: that the second assault was projected. After Sherman departed from Atlanta fur Ihtf coast, were fornrarilcil Hear D.ihlgren, in c.'in'ii'3S'! ciTthe cri lo bo prepared to co-operate with him. ]Jc- fore these instructions reached him, how- ever, the Admiral had opened up communi- cation with Sherman. This fact, viz., the keeping back uf Sherman's destination, shows how careful the Washington authorities were that nothing concerning this campaign of Sherman should be revealed. Kvcr since the fall of Fort Fisher, the Sec- retary informs us, the work of reducing the navy has been steadily prosecuted. In Jauuary last there were four hundred and vessels and two thousand four hun- dred and fiflj-five guns employed in block- ade H-mcc. There are now but twcnty-nino vessels remaining on the coast, earning two hundred and ten gnus, exclusive of howit- zers. We now fciur foreign Hjuadrons European, Brazilian, J-'ast Indian ami Pacific; the first thice been organi- sed anew an economical EC.de. The Pacific was not abandoned during the war. Tn 1800 there were fuc squadrons number- ing thii ty-one vtesels, carrying four hundred and forty-five guns. There are now OH the sc'cral stations abroad thiity-six vessels, mounting three hundred and fnrty.peveii guns, and carrying fifty-six howiti-crs. The Secretary spcaki highly of tho iron- which have been laid up r.t Lcage Island, where, removed from the coast, and with fresh water, they have the advantage of both security and preservation. Statis- tics during (he war show that the. irou-clads were healthier than wouden tcEguls. Fiom seven thousand .six hundred men in Fcrviee at the commencement of the rclwl- lion, the number was increased to fifty-one thousand five hundred at its clow. Since the -1th of March. 1SG1, four hun- dred and eighteen vessels have been pur- chased, of which three hundred and thirteen were steamers, at a cnslof and of thcte there have been sold three hundred and forty vessels, for which the Government has received During the war one thousand one hun- dred and forty-nine vessels were captured. The gross proceeds of property captured since the blockade was instituted, and con- demned as prize prior to tho first of Novcin- "ber, amounts to costs and expense1? net proceeds for distribution, Thcreare a number of important cafe? still before the courts, which will largely increase these a- mounts. Tho value of the one thousand one hundred and forty nine captured vessels will not be less than and of the three hundred and fifty-fire vowels destroyed at least making a total valua- tion of not than much of which was British property, engaged in un- nctitral commerce and so justly captured and condemned. On the first of November there were 027 persons on the pension reccivcing a total amount of being an increase during Ihe j car of 118 persons. During the progress- of the war persons were killed in naval son ice, wounded, and 107 missing, making the to- tal number of casualties in the naval service The total expenses of the Depart- ment from March 1SC1, the .lune, 18G5, were being an average annual expenditure of Mr. Welles makes numerous sugges- tions in bis report, among others that the uavj-yan! be enlarged, that a Sailor's Home be built, and the Naial Academy rcmoicd from Annapolis lo n'Oiiie point where the mid- shipmen can have out-door drill the year round. STATE OP MAHYIiAlID. Geographically, Maryland H divided inlo three sections, two of which, parted by the are .similar in furmition. while the third is marked by the ledge of primi- tive rocks which runs from the left bank of the Potomac, in Montgomery county, north- east tu tho Susquehanna river. The Shore'1 embraces the coun- ties of Worcester, Somerset, Dorchester. Caroline, Queen Anne's, Kent and ('ceil. Tho surface is low and level except in the northern part, where it is somewhat broken and hilly. The soil is generally of n sandy loam. The lands on tiie Kistcrn Shore, except the sand plains, were original- ly among the fertile in the A long course of improvident agriculture Kidly impaired their productive value. Im- proved systems of farming, however, re- stored the fertility of large portions of it, and demonstrated tho possibility of a cotii- pletoRestoration of the whole. The tide-water district of tho "Western Shore" includes counties of St. Mary's, Charles, Prince George's, Calvcrt, Anno A- rundcl, Montgomery, Howard, Harfonl." This district earliest of anil the cip- ilal of Ihe Slatci with all their historic as- sociations and rich old memories. The col- onist here made the same mistake that set- tlers upon rich virgin soils have ofipa madn before and since. They believed iN rich- ness incxhaUFtiblo, and tried it fora century with the most cxhattf ting system of agricul- ture. The last few years have seen tmny and great improvements in this region. Ex- [icrimunt.'i have proved the soil lo be most grateful for generous and proper treatment; good crops have been obtained where it was absolutely desert, and tho prices of lands have much advanced. "The Mountainous District." It is thus styled.merely for convenience of designa- tion, not in any invidious flense, nor because the region is nntravcrsablc or uncultivahlc. On the contrary, it contains some of the finest roads and most desirable farms in the Slate. It embraces Carroll, Frederick, Washington and Allegany counties, produ- cing excellent crops of wheat, and in some places presents fine grazing lands. The State has an area of about square miles of land, while the Clic'apciiki! covers more than more; and these last aru n most important clOmcnt in the re- sources of the State, for they are piodnctivc of fuod beyond much of the cultivated Iind upon our continent; and nt tho fame time af- ford unrivalled facilities of transportation for Ihe thousands of acres of market gardens which deck tho shores of this bay, and its numerous and prolific cstuurica. So frequent are these estuaries and navigable arms of the bay, that there are counties bordering on the bay, no point of jnliich is more than four miles from u good landing. A sail up- on the waters of tho Chesapeake is never tiresome. ItB half-built forts, its quaint white light houses on the shore, interspersed with iron ones rising from the midst of the waves, the continual whirling and plunging of the huge flocker.r wild which never desert its waters, the constantly varying out- line of its jagged shores dotted by dark lines of forest, with here and there a hand- some homestead; the fitting white-sailed schooners, the cluster of'oyster boats, the hurried dash of the, miniature steamers, all these joined to the balmy airs that love to linger on the Chesapeake, combine to make it one of the most beautiful bodies of water in Ihc world. The time has passed when the people of the State preferred that the tide of migra- tion should flow past them; and now whoever comes bringing capital or labor to build his home among us, receives n ntoit ranlitil irct- rmnc. The immigrant comes' not to the loneliness and privations of frontier Mttlc- niciits which make the life-of tho "back- woodsman" always :i life of hardship, not to a land that has no past, and but nil un- certain future; not lo a land of unknown re- sources, distant markets and onerous taxes; but to a land at once old and new, ing within herself ns many of the elements of wealth and material greatness as can any- where be found in the same extent of terri- tory. She rejoice" in the estimation of her future prosperity, and extends to all a hearty of the Jtcioitrccs OKI: of Uncle Sam's free nigger agents in Virginia, the other day, tried.about a thousand of them in the art of noting. He told them they should be allowed to elect a CommWionor of thtir own choice to see af- ter their directed all of them in favor uf n Mr. W. to sty "aye." Uno long earthly black yell went up every par- ticular nigger "voting" with nil his Then ho told all opposed to Mr. W. to and every darkey "wolcd times harder than ever. Thereupon the free uig- ger agent looked puzzlid and glum, and fi- nally swore that niggers were fools, and ought to be very warm It i-, evident ye negro "bears the not only in fighting but "wuting." A CILTIOS TO (rtuiJi. The Italeigh of a late date says: "We under- stand that a couple of ladies arrived in the city a day or two ago in search of n gay deceiver in uniform, accused of loving, if not wisely, at least too well. It seems he had married one of tlio ladies in the State of Maine before the war broko out, and afterwards, having joined the army, he married the second in the city of Ualtimorc. The first spouse heard of the second, came on to Baltimore, found the report true, and in company, the two came on to North Car- olina amicably together, where they arrived just in time lo break up an arrangmcnt on the part of the gay Lothario to add another to the list of his victims. Wo pity while wo must condemn this faithless fellow, fora man with two wives with sharp sticks after him at once, is certainly an object of compassion. Xct girls rale warning and-be No. 1 when they marry How to Make Corn Dread. The Louisville Journal publishej'tbe fol- lowing recipe to mako corn bread The corn crop the present year is 'one of almost unexampled abundance. Other crops iu fcomo parts of the, country bave been com- paratively light, but the corn crop has al- most cviry where turned out bountiful. There will be corn in the land, therefore.' for man and beast. Wo shall have rorn lircad, consoqucntly, provided we can keep the right tide of the cooks snd get them to make- it, which it is not always easy to do., Corn bread, if it is properly and on this everything depends is the best, most palatable, and wholesome bread that can be placed upon tho table. It requires some skill a considerable art lo make it well, and the absence of thia iu its manufacture is the real reason why many persons fail to ap- preciate properly corn bread. It requires the proper kind of Ihc white sweet- ie make good corn bread and the meal should bo fresh every day or two. Then it requires. an egg and a little milk nud some other fix- ings. A little sweet potato improves it, and, perhaps a small quantity of flouralso. Wo. have eaten it when it baa been voted by all" at the table, equal lo pound cake, and a good deal lighter. The real merits of corn, bread are not generally appreciated, because it is to often badly made and mnde out of. poor materials. If sonic lady will send us a recipe for making it we chall be happy to lay it before the public. Duokins "Women. t The Legislature of A'irginia, in tha good old days, two centuries and n hitlf ago, en- acted the following law for tho punishment' of women: "At a grand assembly held in James Cit> tic, in the year 1C 1C, were passed many acts lo tho glorio of Alinightic God, and tho, publiquc good of Ibis his M.ijcstic's colonio i of Virginia." Among them was the follow- ing, entitled: "Women causing scandalous suits to be duekcd: "Whereas, oftentimes many babbling wo-< men often scandalize their neighbors, for which their poor husbands are often brought into chargeable and .vexatious suits and cost in great damage "He it therefore enacted by the authority aforesaid, that in actions of blunder occa- sioncd by the wife, as aforesaid, after judge- ment passed by the damages, the woman shall be punished by ducking; and if the slander bueo erroneous as to bo adjugcd at a greater damage than five hundred pounds of tobacco, then the woman to suffer a duck- ing. for each five hundred pounds of tobacco so adjudged against her husband, if he re- fuses lo pay the tobacco." If n similar law was to be passed now, what au uproar it would cause. Tho negro question and would sink into insignificance. A Hundred Years Ago. One hundred years ago there was not a single white man in Ohio, Kentucky, ludi- ana or Illinois Territories. Then nhatij now the most flourishing part of America, was as little known as the mountains of the moon. It was not until 17% that thu hunter of Kentucky, the gallant and adven- turous Buonc, left his homo in N. Carolina to become the first settler of Kentucky, The first pioneer of Ohio did not settle till twenty years afterwards. A hundred years ago Canada belonged to Franco, and the whole population of the United States did not exceed u million and a half. A hundred years ago the great Frederick of Prussia was performing tlioae exploits which haio made him immortal 'n military annals, and with his little monarchy wa.s sustaining a single-handed contest with Ilus- sia, Austria, and France, the three great powers of Europe combined. A hundred years ago the United States were the most loyal people of the Urittsh ICmpire, and on the political horizon no speck indicated the struggle which within a score of years thereafter, established the groat re- public of tho world. A hundred years ago thcro was but four news-papers in America with combined cir- culation not exceeding 2.000. Steam en- gines and cylinder presses had not been im- agined, and railroads and telegraphs had not entered the remotest conception of man. When we come t'd look back at it'through the vista of history, ITC find that tbe4centnrj'_ which has passed has 'bccri.'.allotted.'to jnore important events in tlieir bearin'g.upon th'a happiness ofithe than cr -event that hu htppcncd A' hundred years hen so 'our and national greatiws, SPAPLRl .'SPAPERf
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