Friday, August 11, 1944

Iola Register

Location: Iola, Kansas

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Iola Register (Newspaper) - August 11, 1944, Iola, Kansas 1 I STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY TOPEKA KANSAS VOLUME XLVH N6. 247 ' ' ' \'--\ ii �- Th� WmU? Better. JEatsblfateft 1�67. Tin IoI> Dsfljr Bestotw, ^ttahHilwd 1S97. + + + The WAR TODAY + + + BY DEWITT MACKENZIE While we're waiting for a clue to . the mystery of the battle of Paris (just where Is that fust-moving Yank armored force which already has captured Angers and Mantes in its race for. the French capital?) the Russians are providing us with another first class mystery as the battle of the Vistula swells to its climax The tip comes from the Germans In their announcement that the Muscovites are developig a flanking movement west of the upper Narew river, that is, along the southern border of East Prussia. When you fit. this bit into the Jig-saw puade, yon see that the Red forces osten-mVty though perhaps as a ruse- art pursuing at the moment the strategy employed by the armies which met terrible in East Prussia in the last The Weather war. Back in 1914 the Russian plan for conquest of East Prussia was to advance with two armies, one to the north and the other to. the south . of the notorious Masurian lake re gion. The northern army attacked near the Insterburg gap, east of Konlgsberg, and flung the Germans back. Then the southern army drove up against the Germans in the Allensteln sector and preclpi tated the historic battle of Tennen berg in which Field Marshal Von Hindenburg inflicted a great defeat on the czarist forces. The aging Von Hlndenburg' had spent much of bis long life studying the Masurian lakes. Be used to tor ture his troops with grilling maneu vers each year In this inhospitable country. Folk regarded Mm as daft on the subject, but when it came to the show-down in East Prussia the kaiser sent for the "old man of the (Continued on Page C No. 3) Relax Political Censorship Rule Washington, Aug. 11. CAP)-Relaxation of tight official controls on l th* news, pictures and speeches | Which the armed forces may read, see and hear today appeared in prospect. Interested senators and representatives of the services agreed on an amendment to the soldier voting law as applied to political propaganda. Congressional action will be pressed. In the latest army application of the law, the "official guide to the army air force" was banned from sale at post exchanges because it carries a pen portrait of President Roosevelt captioned "Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy." Under strict application of the soldier voting law enacted last winter to prohibit the distribution of political propaganda through official channels, the army ha? banned ^circulation within its jurisdiction of Various newspapers, movies, books and speeches. "; Agreement for a relaxing amendment was reached today at a conference among Senator Taft (R. Ohio), Senator Green (D., R. I.), and army and navy officers. .1 Both senators agreed after the iconference that virtually all of the difficulties encountered thus far by .the army and navy in interpreting "the bill's limitations bad been ironed out. , JNo Preaching Services ]At Christian Church i| there will be no preaching serv-Joe^a* the First Christian church jtha,next two Sundays as the pastor; the Rev. E. W. Harrison will be mt of town on vacation. : The regular communion service will be held during the opening of Sunday school and a short talk will be given by H. A. Snyder.  The classes will bj dismissed in time to visit other churches. KANSAS - Fair fat northwest, scattered ihsndenhowera In east and smth. portion; cooler tonight; Saturday fair and cooler; highest 80-85 in north toft* in south por Uon; fair and seatewhatj cooler Son-toy. Temperature-Highest for the 24 hours ending S p. m. yesterday, 99, lowest last night 75; normal for today 80; excess yesterday 6; excess since January 1, S37 degrees; this date last year-highest 93; lowest 70. Precipitation for the 24 hours ending at 8 a. m. today, .0; total for this year to date, 81.73; excess since January 1, 8.62 inches. Sunrise 6:83 a; m.; set 8.22 p. m. Thermograph Readings Ending 8 a. m. Today. -----84 9 p. m. ..;_____85 9 a. m. 10 a. m. 11 a. m. 12 noon 1p.m. 2p.m. 3 p. m. 4 p.m. ____86 _____80 ______.97 ____.98 _____.99 5 p. m. .._______.98 6 p. m.________96 7 p. m._________93 8 p.m._________89 10 p. m.________84 11 p. m.________83 12 m________.____82 1 a. m._______.81 2 a. m.____80 3 a. m._______79 4 a. m._________78 5 a. m.___________76 6 a. m.......___76 7 a. m.............75 8 a. m.________77 Air Interest Continues Two More Solo Fliers; Stinson Job Here Sunday Interest continues at a high pitch at the Zola municipal airport. Two Initial solo hops were made yesterday by' Rues Flnefrock stu dents, Harry Thompson, son of Mrs. Margaret Thompson, owner of the Modern Cafe, \ and George Cole, employee of the Olberding Welding shop. This brings to five the number of trainees who have "won their wings" at the field. Sunday a Stinson five-place cabin plane will be at the airport to offer rides to people. Lynn Berentz, owner, will bring the plane from Independence. Since the inception of the Fine-frock flying school, the city has made several Improvements at the port. Mayor Tom Waugh says that others are under consideration pending a visit from a C. A. A. representative, probably next week. Both the ...north-south., and the ist-west 'strips have been graded and are now 500 feet in width. The long north-south strip has been put into condition and landings are being made there each day. The city has provided a temporary office for instructor Flnefrock and a water well has been drilled. If the sample sent in is okayed by the University of Kansas laboratory, a circulation pump wil be put in and cold drinking water will be available. Rural Teachers In Big Turnover Allen county schools have suffered a 40% turnover in teacher personnel this year, according to Mrs. Esther McKenna, county superintendent. With the war time drain on teachers and without the junior college from which the county has always drawn a number of graduating teachers, vacancies have become increasingly difficult to fill. In spite of these facts, there are only three remaining vacancies in the rural schools now. Fifty of last year's teachers will be back at their desks and ten who formerly taught In this county will return. Twelve beginning teachers will be numbered among the faculties of the county schools. Eight county schools will be closed this year, either through lack of a school or lack of sufficient funds to support a school. Children in these districts will be sent to nearby schools. "MELON-CHOLY" GARDENER Petersburg, Ind. (AP)-Justice of the Peace Charles E. Jones lay in wait for thieves who had been raiding bis watermelon patch and caught them. They were groundhogs. "It's the drouth." Jones said. They're just thirsty." J Sgt. Nicholas Tells of Amy Life In Alaska and Aleutian Islands Staff Sergeant Sheryl Nicholas, who has spent the past two years in : Alaska and the Aleutian Islands, j told the Tola Rotary club of his ex-\ periences at the regular club meet-\ ing here last night. ; i Sgt. Nicholas, son of Mr. and Mrs. ; Art Nicholas, prominent Allen coun-; ty farmers, .was shipped to Alaska � in July, 1942, at a time when the ; Aleutians were virtually unprotect-: ed and when a Japanese invasion of Alaska was well within possibilities. ; He was not assigned to any; of the -Islands where fighting subsequently took place, but he spent twd years m the rains and winds of the|bleak-esjt country U. 8. soldiers have been required to garrison in this war. they first arrived, Nicholas that it was a pretty rug-jnce. They ' started from :lo convert a barren piece of a camp [alt*, and they turn of faculties and with which to work. For _ Mths, they didnt have, a single day of rest . Cater things were better as supplies finally arrived to electric lights .adequate arangialh; * vaOc  tbjii equipped post exchange. Good picture shows were available for entertainment, and only lonesomeness and the gloomy weather kept the situation from being as pleasant as most army camps are likely to be. Fishing Was Good Trout and salmon fishing were excellent, and Nicholas was one of a group who went on a week's hunting trip once, bagging among other animals both bear and caribou. In the course of his tour of duty he was sent to the interior of Alaska to attend a radio school and, first and last, did some 8,000 miles of traveling, 2,300 of It by air. He found the mainland a pleasant enough place except for the universal high prices-about three times the level prevailing in continental United States. He brought a number of souvenirs to the meeting, including the pelt of a red fox which be had purchased from an Aleutian trapper and claws from the bear his party had killed. Sgt. Nicholas Is a member of the ground forces of the Eleventh Air Force and is in radio service. He is home now on furlough. Philippines Are Bombed First Time Organized Resistance On Guam Now Over! Prepares the Way : For New Objectives (Br th* Mmortrtel VMM) General Headquarters, Southwest Pacific, Aug. 11. (AP)-The air phase of the battle for reconquest of the Philippines has begun just as the ground fight for reconquest of Guam ended In triumph. The first bombing of the Philippines since the fall of Oorregidor to the Japanese May 6, 1942, was an nounced today by Gen. Douglas MacArthur, back at headquarters after a historic Pacific War confer' ence with President Roosevelt. At Pearl Harbor, site of the conference, Adm. Chester W. Nlmlts, a participant, announced that all organised Japanese resistance on Guam ended August 9, the 20th day of invasion. The campaign cost the United States 7,247 casualties, Including 1,214 killed. But more than 10,000 Japanese were slaughtered; the demoralized remnants scattered . in flight Instead of making the usual "banzai" suicidal charge; and Guam now becomes the third American Marianas base within bombing range of Japan by the B-29 Super' fortresses which hit Nagasaki on Thursday. ' Today, Vice-Adm. Richard Kelly Turner, hailing triumph in the Marianas as "the greatest naval victory the United States has ever won," dramatically announced the establishment of amphibious Pacific fleet and troop headquarters on Saipan. That means an advance of more than 3,000 miles from Pearl Harbor and bases the Americans closer to Japan than Miami is to Boston. MacArthur gave point proof to President Roosevelt's Pearl Harbor comment on forthcoming offeasives by announcing three successive night attacks on airdromes at Da-vao, on Mindanao in the southern Philippines, by patrolling Liberat on. County Teacher Institute Here Teachers of Allen county schools will attend the annual teachers' institute next week beginning Monday for five days at the Jefferson school building. The institute is under the supervision of Mrs. Esther McKenna, county superintendent. Out-of-town speakers will be Supt. Carl Igel, Garnett, who will discuss the Kansas State Teachers' associa tion as a representative of that organization, and Milton Remer of Burlington, who will speak about the federal lunch program for rural and small schools. Speakers from Iola will Include the Rev. J. Lee Releford, Dr. A. R. Chambers, Mrs. Florence Haglund, and Harlan George. Classes Each Morning Classes will be held each morning preceding the guest speakers. Mrs. Pearl Erickson, Miss Julia Mc-Adam, and Mrs. Ida Faddis will make up the faculty for the classes on community service, primary methods, and remedial reading and primary demonstration classes. A feature of the institute will be groups which meet each morning for discussion of problems confronting the teacher. The meetings will be open discussions with all present contributing from their experiences as teachers. Still Grow 'Em Big In Horseshoe Bend Ollie Parks, Gas City farmer, brought to The Register this afternoon a stalk of field corn a full 15 feet high. It wouldn't quite* stand up on the floor of The Register office without having the ceiling bend the top over. The one ear on it was higher than, any man could reach without standing on a stepladder. Mr. Parks grew the corn on some acreage in Horseshoe Bend neighborhood which he is farming this year. He also had the back of his truck full of canteloupe and pumpkin which he said was the best he had ever grown. One of his "Sweet-potato" pumpkins, not a common variety around here, weighed 20 pounds. , Hot Today Bat Cool Tomorrow Topeka, Aug. 11. (AP)-Cooler weather eased Into Kansas from the northwest today, bringing at least temporary relief from a week of scorching beat. Before the cool air reaches eastern Kansas, Weatherman S. D. Flora said temperatures there would get close to 100 degrees again today. Flora said there might be a few light, scattered showers in northern and western Kansas tonight. Eastern Kansas bad one of its hottest nights of the year last night, the temperature at Concordia getting no lower than 82. Other readings ranged between 75 and 80. Tonight's range was expected to be from 55 in the extreme northwest to 75 in the southeast. IOLA, KA&, FRIDAY EVENING, AUGUST 11,1944. New Strategy to Paris Drive  to Tkc Tah Osfir BagMir, Tho loi* DkUJr lUMi, aOXok Dear Index. SIX PAGES v, - ^ K ^^^^^ After taking Le Mans, American forces have cut due north toward the Slene valley, perhaps to trap large German forces In Normandy. Other forces are said to be heading for Tours and Orleans in a sweeping flanking movement.toward the south of Paris. ToShift Aircraft Production Cut Production of Some Types in Order To Increase B29s And the New B-32s Washington, Aug. 11. (AP)- The government focused aircraft production on Japan Instead of Germany today, in a major shift which will release an estimated 120,000 aircraft workers'by the end of this year. Downward trends over the next twelve months were set for liberator bombers, C-46 transports and Thunderbolt fighters, coinciding with growing emphasis on the new aerial scourges of Japan-the big Boeing B-29 which slammed again yesterday at the Japanese, and its new sister, the Consolidated B-32. Twenty thousand persons will be released in the next 80 days, the war 'department estimated in� ordering the cutback yesterday, and 84,000 aircraft jobs are waiting to absorb them. Planned Last May Successes of the European invasion set the aircraft shift In motion, it was learned. The action s planned last May, but was held up ' until the advance into fortress Europe and tht impotence of the luftwaffe demonstrated that the aircraft Industry could safely be aimed at the Japanese empire. Liberator bombers will gradually be wiped out of production at North American's plant In Dallas, and will be pared down at Ford's great Willow Run plant and the Consoli-dated-Vultee operation at San Diego. � "The B-24 is being replaced in considerable part by ; the much heavier B-29 and B-32," said the cutback announcement, released by the Office of War Information. The San Diego plant will turn to the B-32, a super-bomber whose characteristics still are secret but which was designed as a running mate to the B-29s which already have sue-, cessful raids on Japanese targets to their credit. Churchill Makes Trip to Italy Rome, Aug. 11. (AP)-Prime Minister Churchill has arrived in Italy. Allied headquarters announced tonight the prime minister's arrival, but did not disclose the purpose of his trip or how Jong he would stay. It was Churchill's first visit to the Italian war theater and followed closely a trip earlier this week to the Normandy beachhead. MacArthur Or Nimitz? New Cooperation Between Them Most Exist in Future By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER Washington, Aug. 11. (AP)-Establishment of closest cooperation $ween General Dciiglaa ,MacAr-ur and Admiral-Chester W. Nimitz in preparation for coming offensives In the western Pacific presumably was one of President Roosevelt's objectives in going to Hawaii. The fight to split Japan's island empire has reached the point where Nimitz, Pacific area commander, and MacArthur, Southwest Pacific chief, will not much longer work in separate spheres. The lines of their swift offensives, headed up now in western New Guinea and In Guam and Saipan, are approaching the point of convergence in the Philippines. In a similar situation in the Solomon Islands a year ago MacArthur met Admiral William F. Hal-sey, Jr., and by order of the Joint chiefs of staff himself assumed strategic direction of the success-(Continued on Page 8, No. 4) Red Pincers aSqueezing East Prussia j New Offensive May i Cross Narew River | Or Curve to Vistula i And Outflank Warsaw Rev. Taylor to Speak At Union Services BUSINESS AS USUAL Oklahoma City. (AP)-OPA employes will bold a picnic but they won't be allowed to forget business. They'll have to share a ride, and before they can eat they must turn in red ration coupons. ' The Rev. Stanley Taylor, minister of the Baptist church, will be the speaker at the union church services Sunday night at 8:30 in the court house park. Mr. Taylor has chosen "What About the Future?" for his topic. The Rev. Perry O. Honson will be the presiding minister and special music will be furnished by a vocal duet. Lone Surviving American Marine Found on Guam After Recapture Temperatures SB and M were forecast for tctnoxzow. U. 8. Fleet Headquarters, Pearl Harbor, Aug. 11. (AP)-Fortune's wheel came full circle today for Chief Radioman George Ray Tweed, graying, 42-year-old Oregonian who outlasted Japanese squads remorselessly hunting him for 31 nightmare months on now-liberated Guam. He escaped 10 days before the Americans invaded Guam July 20. His story and that of Guam's re-conquest were announced almost simultaneously by the navy yesterday. From the day-December 10, 1841 handful of Americans on the island, Tweed lived in precarious flight on the 250-square mile island far out In the Pacific. The persistent Nipponese bunted him like an animal; finally detailing a 80-man patrol. Capture, often near, would have meant:, death. Always Hoped Behind him were burning memories of navy and marine friends who died, without retreat, in the stubborn but hopeless first defense of the island. He was wwtitned by the constant hope of rescue by advancing American forces. The story he told after his rescue July 10. was released to the United States almost coincidentauy with announcement that recapture of Guam ltad been Tweed had seen proud, cruel, vm< dicative Japanese forces rolling to victory past his buddies' bodies. Now the conquerors' final unimanfi were ragged ind emaciated; fleeing Instead of fighting back. Reantted with Wife Reinstated in the U. & navy and promoted tram radioman fin* class abosfd tte Tweed was was reunited in San Diego, Calif., with his wife, Mary Frances Tweed, 27, and their sons, Ronald, 9, and Robert, 3. They had not seen him since October. 1914, when they left Guam. During his ordeal the Portland, Ore., navy man's hair silvered and he lost 30 pounds. He gained back (Continued on Page 6. No. 2) [Moscow, Aug. 11. (AP)-Russian armies applying a great pincers upon East Prussia swept today within 50 miles of Tilsit and Memel and threatened the southern boundary of that home of the Junkers with a plunge across the Narew river. Marshal Konstantin Rokossovsky, besieging Warsaw for the 12th day, thrust a threatening army group toward East Prussia from positions northeast of the Polish capital. Tins group increased the menace to Warsaw, too, because it could curve to the Vistula and outflank the Pohsh city from the north. Russian troops already were seven or, more miles Inside the Suwalki triangle, which Germany annexed to| East Prussia from Poland In 1939. In the north, the Soviet army group of 37-year-old Gen. Ivan Cherniakovsky, sent bombs and artillery shells into the German province and fought bitter and repeated counterattacks at several gateways to East Prussia. A hundred miles or so south of Warsaw, the Russians widened the breach across the Vistula river to 42 miles and advanced doggedly to within 26 miles of Klelce. In that area the Red army stood within 75 miles of German Silesia and within 35 of Krakow, ancient capital of Poland and her fifth city. The extermination of Germans trapped in the upper Baltic states neared its final phase. Two captured German generals said more than 30 German divisions (perhaps 300,000 or more men) would be wiped out when the Baltic drive was finished. However, some thousands of the Germans, whose land communications were cut by a Russian plunge to the Baltic 25 miles west of Riga, still may be extricated by sea. The Red air force continued to pounce on any shipping seen moving from Baltic harbors. American Tank Units May Trap 300,000 They Caught Him Afl Right Guam, Aug. 11. (AP)-A Japanese soldier leaped up on the crest of a ridge and shouted down at several U. S. Marines. *one, two, three-you cant catch met" The Marines let him finish, and then caught him-with a dozen bullets. Oscar Now Back On Nut Diet Camp Campbell, Ky., Aug. 11. (AP)-The teeth of Oscar, squirrel mascot of a tank battalion company here, grew so long and soft on G. I. rations that the commanding officer ordered him to the dental i Sgt. Albert K. Wood held the mascot while Cant. Arthur E. Daily, dental officer, ground the molars to a cutting edge. Oscar immediately tried to use them on a group of spectators. Now Oscar is back on a strictly nut diet. Superforts Hit Again Three Lost in Blow Against Japanese Industrial Targets Washington, Aug. 11. (AP)-Two forces of mighty B-29 Superfortresses lambasted centers of Japan' ese industrial strength 3,500 miles apart in raids yesterday that left three of the aerial giants unaccounted for: and a fourth down in friendly territory. At least three enemy craft were destroyed in carrying out the missions under cover of daTknes* The 20th bombing command announced this data today in provide ing additional details on the raids- the third major strike of the Boeing behemoths-with bombing results reported "good" both at Pal-embang in southern Sumatra and at Nagasaki on the Japanese island of Kyushu. The Palembang attack, officially described as the "longest bombing mission ever undertaken," was directed against the Pladjoe refinery, whence comes a major portion of Nippon's high octane gasoline. Over Japanese home territory itself, the bombers spent 90 minutes, plastering the 12th largest Nippin-ese city. Anti-aircraft opposition at Plad joe was described as "weak to mod crate" and at Nagasaki as "meager to moderate and inaccurate." Fighter opposition similarly was weak to moderate at Pladjoe and "weak" over Sumatra, where B-29 crews reported they downed one fighter. At least two others were shot down by fighter aircraft attached to a forward base in China where one of the Superforts made a forced landing, only to be pounced upon and strafed by four Japanese ships. Rail Shipments Ease Situation Kansas City, Aug. 11. (AP)- Rail shipments of freight piled up here by the week-old over-the-road truck drivers strike had greatly eased the transportation tieup, Frank T. Mahodey, regional director of the Office of'Defense Transportation railroad division said today. A check of less-than-carlot shipments here showed railroads yesterday had a 30 per cent increase over the day before, Maboney said. Truck operators, who were "sitting tight" awaiting action from Washington, said the principal hardship from the strike fell on smaller communities which have no rail connections. Omaha, Aug. 11. (AP)-Many Nebraska communities were reported today to be using reserve stocks of groceries and meats as the six-day old midwest truck strike tied up deliveries, and in Omaha an estimated 100 soldiers were picking up war supplies from idle truck terminals for shipment by rail There was no indication whether acute food shortages would develop before the trucks are returned to service, expected sometime this week when the government is scheduled to seize lines in eight midwest states. Attorney General Blddle said in Seattle that "the government may take over any moment." Movements Remain A Mystery Deep Thrusts Toward Paris May Take Dramatic Turn In Any Direction Soon Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force, Aug. 11. (AP)-Roaming American tank forces were reported throwing the main weight of their attack to the north today after a deep mystery thrust toward Paris, and Gen. Sir Bernard L. Montgomery declared tonight that "the great bulk of the German forces in northwest Europe are in a bad way." The commander of Ailied ground troops in France announced in a message to his soldiers: "We are 'round behind them in many places and it is possible some of them may not get away. "These are momentous days and complete victory lies ahead." There still was no official inkling as to the depth of penetration toward Paris or the progress of the northward thrust, but the Paris radio said the Americans bad passed Alencon, 30 miles north of Lfi Mans. At Alencon the spearhead would be but 42 miles from Canadian-Polish forces to the north afcove Faiaise. Two days had passed, however, since the Americans took Le Mans, 110 miles southwest of Paris, and the latest advices from - the front said no solid opposition had yet been encountered by the fast-geared armored and motorized formations. May Trap 3M.000 An American dash to the Seine west of Paris might trap up to 300.-000 German troops. In the 24 houfs ended at Wednesday midnight the Americans captured 4,322 of the enemy. Montgomery was hammering at German resistance below Caen so fiercely that the Germans risked destruction if they eased up for a getaway. The British, supporting the Canadian-Polish attacks toward Faiaise and toward Vlmont, below Caen, captured the German stronghold of Thury-Harcourt, 15 miles southwest of Caen. Below them, the Americans also were closing in around the eastern side of the German pocket at Mor-taln below Vire, taking Gathemo and (Continued on Page o, No. 1) Roosevelt at Hawaii Franklin: party Paint loomg in I at St. Louis hospital in Honolulu, the Photo from NXAJ Diamond Road To Cut Off Hate At War's End' A Major Task Big Bay, Mich., Aug. 11. (AP)- One of the major post war tasks, according to Henry Ford, will be to level off the far-reaching hatreds that have been created by the present world conflict. The noted Industrialist took time out from a vacation with Mrs. Ford at his summer lodge on the nearby Lake Superior shore to comment upon the progress of the war and the steps that must be taken to make It the last war. Ford said he did not believe it would be necessary to dismember Germany after the war in order to prevent another conflict. "Get rid of the militarists and the German people can live in peace with the rest of the world," he said. "But you cant get rid of the saber rattlers by cutting them off at the top; you will have to root out the philosophies that create them. Already, Ford said, "there is talk of a world federation: it isnt being called that, but those who propose world currency and world trade without tariff barriers are looking in that direction. A worid federation and a parliament of man are coming; it may not be in my lifetime but it's coming just as surely as the world moves onward. "We have the finest calibre of men living in our country to bring about such a federation-men like General Arnold and Admiral Nimitz. both of whom I know personally. I know they stand for everything that's good." Lt. Monninger Here After 50 Missions Lieut Earl Monninger, who has bees overseas since December, Is home on a 28 day leave visiting his wife and young son, and his parents, Mr. and Mrs. C. C. Monninger. He will report at Santa Monica, Calif., when his leave is up. Lieut., Monninger has completed 50 mlmfons over enemy territory and has been awarded the air med al with four oak leaf clusters, the distinguished flying cross, and a presidential citation with an oak MSf - �

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