Iola Register, February 4, 1944

Iola Register

February 04, 1944

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Issue date: Friday, February 4, 1944

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Publication name: Iola Register

Location: Iola, Kansas

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Iola Register (Newspaper) - February 4, 1944, Iola, Kansas STATS HISTORICAL SOCIETY TOPEKA KANSAS COUP THE lOLA REGISTER V VOLUME XLVII No. 87 inie Weekly Register, Estoblished 166T. '."jie lula Daily Kegister, EsUbli!.h!�d 1897. lOLA, KAS., FRIDAY EVENING, jFEBRUARY 4,1944. Successor to The lola D�il> Register, loU Daily Record, and lola Daily Index. SIX PAGi:S + + + The WAR TODAY + + + BY DEWITT MACKENZIE (AEsoclated Prew War Analyst) Hitler's world Is shrinking so dangerously that the time Isn't far distant when he no longer will be able to find a place In which to hide from the vengeance which is closing in on him. , The Red armies have placed the German front in fresh jeopardy in three sectors: 1. Most .sensational is the operation in the far .south, within the Dnieper bend, where two Red armies have pinched off the famous Smela salient and trapped ten Nazi divisions-probably more than 100,000 men. Fierce fighting continues as the surrounded Hitlerites battle to � escape, and Moscow reports that 10,000 already have been slain. That's what the Russian front means these days-annihilation. � 2. In tAe south-central zone the /�.',!Muscovites have continued their thrust into pre-war Poland, threats' cnlng a disastrous severance of the Nazi line. The Germans announce they've abandoned the important railway cities of Lutsk and Rovno. Tills brings the Reds still closer to the great railway junction of Lem-berg CLwow) which lies on Hitler's sole remaining railway communication wiih Odessa and his big army in the Dnieper bend. 3. On the northern end of the line the Russians have driven still further into Estonia and are menacing the strategic city of Narva, which Berlin says Is being evacuated. Thus the German left flank is being swung back, and the Red advance casts its shadow clear acro-ss the Baltic state.s. All three operations may be c.'c-pected to produce far-reaching results, but T invito your attention .specially to the Dnieper bend battle. It looks very much as though here we arc approaching a denouement of one of the great diamns of the entire war. Many experts figure this as one of the decisive engagement!?' of the European conflict. Field Marshal Von Mannstein has persisted doggedly in hanging onto that great bulge along the lower Dnlestre, The tip of that sharp salient is some 400 miles from the apex of the Red advance into Po-j land, far to the There hasn't /been a day for months/when Von Mannstein wasn't in danger of being trapped in that vast bend-and within it has jjcrhaps half a million - men. I ventured (iic view in this column some weeks ago that the Nazi commander probably was bent on protecting the Be.ssarabian gateway to the Balkans. Veritas, the .sound British commentator, is � among leaning to that view. Should Von Mannstein's Dnieper (Continued on Pa?e 6, No. 1) The Weather KANSAS-Fair, somewhat wanner Th east portion tonight; Saturday mostly cloudy and continued mild. Temperature-Highest for the 24 hours ending 5 p. m. yesterday, 56, lowest last night 29; normal for today 34: excess yesterday 10; excess since January 1, 182 degrees; this date last year-highest 55; lowest 30. Precipitation for the 24 hours ending at 8 a; m. today. 0; total for thLs year to date, 1.02: deficiency since January 1, .51 Inches. Sunrise 8:24 a. ni.; set 6:48 p. m. Thermograph Readinirs Ending 8 a. m. Today. 9 a. m.............35 9 p. m...........41 10 a. m.............38 10 p. m........38 11 a. m.............44 12 noon . .�.........48 1 p. m.............51 11 p. m............36 12 m...................34 Another District Over Top 2 p. m. 3 p. m. 4 p. m. 5 p. m. 6 p. m. 7 p. m^ 8 p. m. 54 ........ 56 ..........55 ..........54 ...........53 ...........50 ...........44 1 a. m. 2 a. m. 3 a. m. 4 a. m. 5 a. m. 6 a. m. 7 a. m. Moran and Marmaton Exceed $25,000 War Bond Quota; County Still ^150,000 Short Marmaton township and Moran have exceeded the $25,-000 quota assigned them in the Fourth War Loan drive, Walter Lam, township chairman, announced this morning. Nazis Launch Countbr Attack 33 32 .30 .. .30 29 I 29; This is the second district to .30 8 a. m.............32 Musical Treat For lolans Powell Weaver, Noted Composer-Organist, in Recital Here Feb. 8 Will Give Away Remaining Hay Because of the continued fire ha?;-ard, W. D. Jones today offered to give away all the hay remaining on the ground after the fire at the Butcher barn on West street whicn destroyed the barn and took the lives of two ciiildren last Monday. There were about 500 tons of hay i:; the barn when the fire started, and most ol it is still there in spire o^ the buiriing and smouldering that has been going on all week. About 17 tons of alfalfa are somewhere in the mass, the rest of it pr-airie hay. Some of, ii is scorched, .some of it-wet, most of it at least slightly damp, but .scores, of tons arc still in pretty jgood condition and would be satis-. factory for bedding, mulching, chick-. -Vi i.n litter, or even livestock feed. / \ Cows Like It Mr. Jones first questioned, whether animals would care for hay with a smoke flavor, but this morning he found a man who had had actual cxiwricnce along that line and who ft.ssured him that cows, at least, seem to relish it rather than otherwise. Ollie Sutherland had a fire in the . hay mow of his barn on his farm south of Tola once. After it was extinguished, he just dumped out on the ground a considerably quantity of alfalfa hay which was not only smoked but actually charred. To his surprise, his cows ate it all and seemed to prefer it to the good hay. Mr. Jones requests that those who think they can use some of the hay at the butcher barn come and get it immediately so that the bai-' ance can be cleaned up as quickly as possible. Boy ^outs Honored At St. John's Sunday Two of the most cherished awards given to Boy Scouts will be bestowed upon Charles Walters and Fred'Wal-V ters at a court of honor to be held iin St. Johns church at 7:30 a. m. .j^up.^t Sunday, -r,' Nine members of Troop 40, which A is sponsored by the church, will be . V given awards by the Rev. Fr. Cody. A. L. Becker is the scoutmaster. Members who will receive awards are Charles Walters, bronze palm: Fred Walters, life scout; Rex Wo-mack, star scout; Jack Womack, .star scout; Paul Smith, first class scout; Lawrence Walters, first class . scout; Max Perez, firemahship; Benny Chavez, firemanship, and Charles Ketter, tenderfoot scout. The organ recital by Powell Weaver which will be given at the First Methodist church on the night of February 8 is one of the most ambitious programs undertaken recently by the lola Music club. It is a public concert and everyone is invited to attend. Mr. Weaver is nationally known as a composer and as an artist of marked aljility upon the organ. Of him the Kansas City Star recently said: ."Mr. Weaver Ls one of the finest representatives of the new school of organists Kansas City has ever heard." He studied under Pietro A. Yon. organi.'st at the Vatican, Rome, Italy, and before the war appeared in concerts In a number of European musical centers. LTtalia. Milan, Italy, reports that Mr. Weaver received an ovation when he gave a concert at the "Institute des Cicchl" In that city. In lola next Tuesday night he will be assisted by his wife, a pianist, who win play the piano score in the symphonic number, "Exultation" written by Mr. Weaver. Miss Dalies to Sing Miss Roberta Davles, supervisor of music at the lola high school, will sing a group of his .songs, accompanied by him. Tickets for the recital may be obtained at Cooksey's Drug store or at the Roberts Music company. The price is fifty cents. go over the top. Logan with total sales of 19,350 was the first. During the past two days Mr. Lam and his committee conducted an intensive clean-up campaign in Mar-mation and Moran and iwosted their sales from the $17,107.50 reported on Tuesday to well over $25,000. Definite figures ore not available. Depend On Small Buyers In order to meet its quota the county must purchase about $150,000 worth of War Bonds between now and February 15. /\sks All To Invest Judge Anderson is asking all of his bond salesmen to complete their work in the districts assigned to them and also urges all citizens to invest heavily without solicitation. Any individual who has not been called upon by a member of the committee may phone 531 and arrangements will be made for a solicitor to call. Special C. of C. Meeting At 6:30 Monday Night A special meeting of the lola chamber of commerce has been called by Jerry Miller, president, for next Monday night. It will be a dinner meeting at the Kelley hotel, beginning at 6:30 p. m. Reports will be given by several important committees and plans will be cpmpleted for the regional post-war planning conference which will be held in lola on the night of February 14. Jess Carter Arrested, Charged With Arson Jess Carter, colored, was arrested this morning and charged with'ar-son following an inve.stigation of the fire at the vacant house at 832 South Buckeye which Is owned by Carter. The fire department was called to the house'on the night of January 27 by someone who noticed a blaze on the inside of the structure. Firemen found a small pile of rags aflame at the base of the intersection of four walls. Each of the four partitions was burning. Officers found that the was insured for $1,500 although Carter had paid only .$50 for it in 1929. Ap-priaisers estimated its present value at j not over the purchase-price. Carter had two policies on the building, one of which expires today. John T. Wood Funeral Tomorrow at 3:00 p. m. Funeral services for John T. Wood whose death was announced Wednesday. v;ill be conducted at '3 p. m. tomorrow at the V/augh Funeral home by the Rev. Chester E. Sis-ney. Burial wfll be in the lola cem.-etery. Mr. Wood was killed last Tuesday niglit cn the highway near the Allen county poor farm when he was struck by a truck. He was an important figure in lola's business circles in the early 1900's. Jail Sentence and Fine For Bootlegging Claude "rtirley, a former city employee, pleaded guilty to the sale of intoxicating liquor when he appeared before the county court yesterday afternoon and was sentenced to thirty days in the county jail and fined $100 and costs by Judge Alta M. Dunlap. He was arrested yesterday morning at his home, 315 South States street, where officers found a quantity of moonshine liquor. Long Wait for "Butch" Marshal Erwin Rommel is reported to be directing vicious Nazi counterattacks against the Allied forces which landed recently at Anzio and Nettuno on January 22 and penetrated as far efist as Velletri, severing the Appian Way. Exact location of the German assault, which opened this morning, has not befin revealed. Keep Firm Hold on Beachhead Allies Hurl Back Re- ' peated Counterattacks By Nazis Under Rommel in Rome Area BY RICHARD McMURRAY (Asaoi-iaied I'ress War Editor) The Germans were making a supreme but futile bid today to reduce the Allied beachhead below Rome while in Central Italy, American troops nudged tanks into Cassino and started extei-minating the Nazis, house by house. (Announcement by the German high command, unconfirmed by Allied sources, said the Allied forces in the Nettuno bridgehead had tieen encircled.) The Russians were on the march from Estonia to the Ukraine after trapping ten German divisions in the Dnieper bend .south of Kiev and killing 10,000 who tried to break out of the ring of death. Another 5,000 were put to the sword west of Novo-sokolniki in a Red army drive toward Latvia. Yet ' another 2,400 died in the gloomy forests north of Lake Ilmen. Narva Apparently Doomed Strategic Narva, five miles inside Estonia, was all but invested. The Germans spoke of retreats deep in Poland west of Rovno and Lutsk in "embittered defensive fighting." RAF Mosquito bombers attacked western Germany after 1.100 U. S. planes dumped 1,500 tons of bombs on Wilhelmshaven in daylight operations in which the Allies lost 15 planes, four of them heavy bombers, and destroyed nine Nazi craft. The Germans raided London twice with "pocket bhtzes" which caused more noise than damage. U. S. heavy Iwmbers attacked western Germany in their seventh blow In eight days. Other big planes cro.s.sed the channel toward the French invasion Spain reaffirmed her Vstrict neu-(Continued on Page 6, No. 3) Lt. Tom Harmon, oft-lost flier, home on leave from China, finds wartime travel problems upsetting to romance as he met five trains in Chicago, 111., liefore Hollywood-starlet Elyse Knox (whom Tommy calls "Butch") finally arrived. In answer to a query as to their marital plans, Harmon said it was up to "Butch." She and her mother are on their way to spend two weeks with Tommy's parents at Ann Arbor, Mich.- (NEA Telephoto.) Methodists Hold Annual Silver Tea Sunday The Wesleyan Service Guild of the First Methodist church will have their annual silver tea in the church dining hall Sunday afternoon following the regular 4:30 vesper service to which the publiCris invited. The Guild has sponsored the last four vesper services with different speakers using the theme of "God and the Problem of Suffering." Sunday at 4:30 the final meeting of this series wil be held, with Mrs. Chester Sisney leading the - discussion. Mrs. Leland Ulrich is chairman of arrangements for the tea and Mrs. John Huffmaster is president of the Guild. Film Depicting Railroads At War Shown to Rotary A film entitled "What the Santa Fe As Well As Other American Railroads Are Doing Toward the War Effort," was shown at the meeting of the Rotary Club at the Kelley hotel last evening. H. E. Rupe and Bill Lusk. officials of the Santa Fe, brought the film here and were guests of the club. The picture proved to t>e very interesting and lasted about 35 minutes. Sink Nazi Blockade Rurmers Enemy Vessels Sunk By U. S. Destroyers Ini South Atlantic; Much Cargo Salvaged Washington,.Feb. 4. (AP) Three Gei*man blockade runners laden with war materials from Japanese-held Pacific ports have been sunk by America^ destroyers in the South Pacific. The navy, announcing this today, said that tjie holds of the enemy ships were � filled to capacity with thousands; ftf tons of rubber, tins, fats and strategic ores. Some of those materials, particularly hundreds of tons of balf-d rubber, were salvaged and many prisoners were' taken. Seeking to sneak th:;ough the American fllockadp. the three ships- the Bergerfland, Rio Grande and Weserland-;were sighted 'and sunk within i a ^Ti-hour period ; "early in .January." the navy repot^ted. Somer Siffhts Eneiny The blockade runners were chased down by the cruiser Omaha, which already had one blockade runner to its credit: the destroyer Jouett, which jbaggi^d a German submarine in the Atlafitic several monttas ago, and the des'royer Somers. First surface cqntact was made by the Some'r.s. which ran down the Weserland in the darkness of early morning, identifying the vessel as an enemy.,The Somers, skippered by Commandei' William C. Hughes. Oklahoma City, immediately opened fire with her main battery of five-Inch guns- The initi&l salvo battered directly intb the (Jernia^ .ship and the crew hastened tC' abandon ship, but before they .Uaped over the side Into their life raits they carried out their orders to scuttle the ship, Plok Vp Crewmen Violcint internal explosions blasted the Weserlmd but she remained afloat. ;Shel3s from the Somers' guns completed 'lie job of sending the blockade ruimer to the bottom. Many of her! cte'i^ were picked up when daylight cpyie. The cruiser Omaha and the destroyer Joilett accounted for the second' of the three enemy craft. A looko\it in the Omaha's foretop and the pilot of her scouting plane sighted the 6,062-ton Rio Grande almost simultaneously. Fire Demolition Charges Racing in, the Omaha and Jouett were drawing near to the stranger when she burst into smoke and flames. Demolition charges, the navy said, had-been placed and fired by the crew of the Rio Grande. Again the Americ&n warships turned their six-inch an'd five-inch guns on the vessel and "he soon sank. The Omsiha-Jouett team joined again in 5,iHking the 7.320-ton Bur-genland. As they sped in for attack, internal 'explosion of demolition charges rpcked that enemy ship and again destruction was completed by shell fire.' Three More Counties Reach War Bond Quotas Topeka; Feb. 4. (AP)-Atchison, Ottawa ,ahd Jefferson counties joined: the growing list of Kansas counties attaining their Fourth War Bond quota. Such coimties now number ;l. Atcliison's quota was $1,500,000: Ottawa's $256,600, and Jefferson's $225,600. FDR Signs Soldier Aid Bill Provides Mustering-OutPay of $100-$300; President Says Further Action Necessary Washington, Feb. 4. (AP) President Roosevelt signed today legislation providing mus-tering-out pay of $100 to $300 for members of the armed services. At the same time, he called for action on additional portions of his program to "ease the period of transition from military to civilian life." Mr. Roosevelt mentioned specifically measures to let servicemen sontinue their education, to provide social security credits for the period of military service, and to set up machinery for unemployment allowances. Maximum Limited A compromise between senate and house legislation, the mustering-out pay llinits the maximum sum of $300 to service men and women who served overseas or in Alaska. Payments of $200 are provided for those serving 60 days or more hi the United States and $100 for those serving less than 60 days in this country. All receiving no more than $200 a month base pay are eligible to the mustering-out l)enefits. This allows payments to captains of less than 17 years service, and excludes majors and higher officers from the benefits. SlOO Upon Discharge Those eligible to the $300 will receive $100 at the time of final discharge and $100 a month for the succeeding two months. The $200 payment will be made in two equal monthly installments. Those entitled to $100 will get the full amount upon final discharge. Those already discharged have two years within which to make applications. The war and navy departments are allowed one month to make such payments after approval of applications. Some Denied Benefits Specifically denied benefits are those eligible to retirement pay, those discharged to take civilian jobs, those dishonorably discharged and the following: 1. Any member of the armed force whose total period of service has been as a. student detailed for training imder the army specialized training program, the army air forces college training progi-am and other similar navy, marine corps or coast guard programs. 2. Any member of the armed forces for any active service performed prior to the date of his discharge for the purpose of entering, the naval, military or coast guard academies or whose sole service has been as a cadet at one of these academies. Senator Jolmson (D., Colo.), estimated the cost of the program at $3,500,000,000. He said total discharge^ have been running between 70,000 and 75,000 monthly. There have been estimates that $250,000,000 will be needed for immediate cases. .Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. Quits Senate for Army Washington, Feb. 4. (AP)-Henry-Cabot Lodge Jr., resigned today as Republican senator from Massachusetts in order to return to active service as an army officer. Lodge's resignation follows a ruling by President Roosevelt that members of congress may not serve simultaneously in the armed forces and the national assembly. Japan Calls Invasion "A Big Gamble" New Yorla, Feb. 4. (AP)- Breaking a 24-hour silence with regard to developments in the Marshall Islands, the Tokyo radio today characterized the American invasion as "a big gamble" but failed to give any details on the progress of the operations. "The Americans have to risk it In order not to nullify the costly adventure in the Gilberts," said the broadcast, which was recorded by U. S. government monitors. Plans to Call Anti'4th Term Convention Chicago, Feb. 4. CAP)-Harry H. Woodring, former secretary 'of war, proposed today that the Democrats nominate someone like Secretary of State Hull for president, and announced he would call a national convention of "loyal" party members to consolidate their forces. In a speech replete with denunciations of what he termed "the Palace Guard," the onetime Kansas governor also suggested that Hull- if elected-could appoint President Roosevelt chief of ' the American delegation to the peace conferences. The erstwhile Roosevelt cabinet member, conferring with associates here on plans to bring together party members opposed to a fourth term for president, defined his views in an address prepared for delivery before the executives club. Woodring reported he planned to summon "all loyal Democrats" to an early April meeting in a geographically convenient city, such as St. Louis. He stated there was an increasing demand for a gathering "to re-examine the state of o'or party" among "millions of Democrats" who were out of sympathy with the "Palace Guard" and who preferred the 1932 type of leadership exemplified by James A. Farley, for}-mer national chairman. ' Bergdoll Still Dodging? Kansas City, Feb. 4. (AP)-Grover Cleveland Bergdoll, notorious draft dodger of the first world war, presumably' was headed back to his Pennsylvania farm today after his release yesterday from the Ft. Leavenworth disciplinary barracks where he served a term escaping from a military prison. Released from the barracks, Bergdoll entered a taxicab in which his wife and youngest son had driven from Kansas City. Later in the day at Kansas City Mrs. Bergdoll and her son were observed at a hotel and again at a restaurant with a man who, when questioned by reporters, denied vehemently that he was Bergdoll. He once said he was Mrs. BergdoU's lawyer. Asked his name he barked "that is none of your damned business." Mrs. Bergdoll and her son checked out of the hotel last night at about 6:30 and before leaving had this conversation with a reporter: "Are you Mrs. Bergdoll?" "Yes." "Is your husband here?" "No." "Where is he?" "He's where he's always been. He will not be relased for two weeks." Then she and the boy dashed away. Bergdoll served 3'-^ years in pri.son on a term imposed by a military^ court after his voluntary return to the United States from Germany. He had fled to Germany in 1920 after escaping from a prison camp where he was serving a ttmi for dodging the world war draft. Where Yanks Landed in Marshalls . ENNYUBEGAN The airview alx)ve, taken during a U. S. air raid on Kwajalein Atoll in the Marshall Islands, shows, foreground, Kwajalein Island, where the U. S. Army's Seventh Infantry Division, veterans of the Attn battle in the Aleutians, stormed ashore to establish beacliheads. Hook-sh^d Kwajalein Island is at the southern tip of the atoll. Forty miles north, past Enubuj and Ennylabegan, are Jap's Roi-Namur bases, where the ! Fourth Division Marines wept ashore at five islets. Japanese Resistance Dwindles Fall of Kwajalein Believed Imminent; Entire Marshalls Pounded By Bombers BY CHARLES H. McMURTRY U. S. Pacific Fleet Headquarters, Pearl Harbor, Feb. 4. (AP) - Fighting men, tanks and guns, pouring ashore to annihilate the dwindling forces of Japanese defenders, appeared today to be on the verge of conquering all Kwajalein, large.'^t atoll in the Marshalls and core of that enemy defense system. -As the momentous Invasion moved through its fifth day. preliminary reports told of amazingly light American losses during the achievement of a strong wedge into mid-Pacific positions Japan has held 25 years. Rear Adm. Rich.iiond K. Turner, commander of the amphibious operations-a.s lie was la.'ii November during the bloody invpslmrnt of the Gilberts-said our assault lo-s.-^cs were far under what had been expected. Jap Resistance Totters U. S. Seventh division reinforcements and mechanized equipment in great force moved against tottcrins Nipponese resistance at the south end of the atoll where 1.250 of an estimated garri.son of 2.000 had been wiped out by Wednesday night. American cTsualtles were ))larpd at 27 dead, nine ml.s.sin^ and 190 wounded. The north end of tlii^ ntoH. wiMi th" airdromn at Roi and Ihn a'Ha-cent repair and (ii'ip�r'^;il l-ri.'^r of Namur. were entirely in t!if> hiii'l.'; of Fourth division mnrinos, Rnl 'va: quickly overrun Tuesday and the slaugher of bitter-end defenders of Namur was announced yesterday. Preliminary estimates of American losses at Roi and Namur were Ic.s.s than 100 killed and 400 wounded. The bulk of Kwajalein's more than 32-islets now are in American hands. Only Resistance on Kwaialein The only remninin.? enemy oppo-"'ition of ron^fTJon^e n'T^t-ir-'! '�-be on Kwa'al"in jslnn'' >!'.;. ern end of the atnll Th"-" v,-!:"-.'- r!-j airfield and a deep aiT-ho-p"'-' nvi-the prizes, armv troops which bi'ided Tuesday pushed the Japanese against the northeastern part of the island. "We have landed imore) troops and mechanized equipment in force and are proceeding with the annihilation of the enemy," Adm. Chester W. Nimitz's communiquo referred confidently to the situation. Last night. Admiral Nimitz announced that the overall objective of the invasion, the entire .system of more than 32 Marshall bases spreading over an 800 mile square ocean area, continues to feel the neutraliz-ini power of American bombers. Two New Tareiets The nnnouncfmrnt. cnverins raids Tuesday and Wednpsday. extended the offensive to tv.-o p.+ n'K neve" previously mentioned as tarrrets. Rongelap, northwest of Kwajalein, was pounded Wednesday by Liberators which dapiaged ground installations with nearly eight tons of bombs. of Kwajalein. navy search planes hit a small "beached cargo vessel at Namu atoll Tuesday. These latest bombings, which also include(:J a 13-ton bla.stinu of the often-raided airfield on Mill and one-ton strikes at Wotjc and Taroa on Maloelap. extended an aerial campaign of land-based planes which has been uninterrupted sinco early in January. Carrier-based planes joined in tho attack as tho inva.sion ojiened. Federal Ballot Bill Wins First Test in Senate Washington, Feb. 4. 'AP�-Rallying from a smashing house defeat, the administration won a crucial senate test for its federal war ballot plan today by beating down a "state's rights" .substitute offered by a coalition of Southern Democrats and Republicans. By a vote of 46 to 42. the senate rejected a proposal to scrap the Green-Lucas federal war ballot bill and supplant it with a plan to provide state ab.sentee ballots for those in uniform. The administration victory pointed toward a po.ssible stalemate between the senate and house, since the latter rejected t.he federal ballot proposal in passing a state absentee ballot mea.sure last night. The vote was a decisive senate test because the opposition to the administration bill was united behind the sub-ititute. Says Nazis Prepare To Evacuate Crimea Moscow, Feb. 4. fAP>-The navy publication Red Fleet said today the Germans were making preparations to evacuate the Crimea, if necessary. A dispatch related that the Nazis, "remembering Stalingrad," were concentrating Junkers-52 transport planes in the Crimea with experienced pilots. The large Black Sea peninsula was isolated months ago by the Russian advance past Perekop to the mouth of the Dnieper river. ;