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   Hutchinson News (Newspaper) - April 2, 1970, Hutchinson, Kansas                                The Hutchinson News 98th Year No. 273 16 Pages Thursday Evening, April 2,1970, Hutchinson, Kansas 67501 MO 2-3311 Price 10c On Land. In Air War Tempo Intensified In Mideast TEL AVIV (AP)-Syrian and Israeli planes clashed today along the length of their embattled 100-mile frontier as tanks and artillery dueled below. Syria claimed its fighters and antiaircraft guns knocked down five Israeli planes. It added that Syria captured the pilots of a U.S.-made Phantom and French-made Mirage that crashed inside its territory, while it lost two of its own planes. The Israelis claimed that they shot down three Syrian MIG21s and lost one jet, whose crew was seen parachuting into Syrian territory. In Ceasc-Firc Zone Damascus said fighting started in the central and southern sectors of the cease-fire line between the two countries and then spread to the whole frontier. Israel and Syria botli said the focus of the Israeli attacks was the Rafid region, facing the central Golan Heights. Israel now claims to have shot down 20 Syrian planes since the 1967 Middle East war as well as nine Egyptian MIG21s last week. Until the end of 1969, the Syrian border was the quietest of Israel's frontiers. Then Syrian at- tacks began, and the Israelis were quick to retaliate. There have been several major tank battles in the Rafid region in recent weeks. Israeli and Syrian spokesmen have both claimed an increase in infiltration by Syrian troops in past weeks into the Golan Heights, and also reported daily shooting incidents. The military command in Tel Aviv also reported that Israeli troops killed two Arab guerrillas in a skirmish early today on the Golan Heights. The Israelis also claimed that guerrillas based in Lebanon resumed their campaign against Israeli border settlements after a lull of several days, placing two explosive charges under residences at the border settlement of Dishon. The Israelis said the charges were disarmed. Fingers High Court for Crime Rise! Jail Census Monday John McClellan JEFFERSON CITY, (AP) -Sen. John L. McClellan, D-Ark., contended today that the Supreme Court is responsible for some of the sharp rise in crime the past decade. Many of the court decisions, he said, have had an adverse inpact on effective law enforcement, emboldened the criminal and enhanced his chances of escaping punishment while frustrating and hampering law enforcement officials. Since 1960, said the Senate's chief crime investigator, the Supreme Court "has virtually revolutionized the way in which justice must, in its view, be ad- ministered on both state and federal levels." "I believe that the tone of law" enforcement is set at the top, McClellan said in a talk for the Governors Conference on Urban Affairs. He added: "The repudiation of traditional interpretations and the rejection and overruling by the Supreme Court of sound, long-established precedents and the invoking of newly contrived technicalities to effectuate an acquittal or the reversal and dismissal of convictions of the proven guilt have an adverse impact on effective law enforcement." Some of the Court members. McClellan said, seem "addicted to strained and illogical constructions and to the invoking of specious technicalities in criminal cases. "This disposition has produced a rash of decisions which have diminished and disparaged the valid rights of society while inflating and exhalting exaggerated rights of the criminal." He said there were serious adverse impacts on law enforcement from the court's decisions in the Mallory, Miranda, Kil-Lough, Escobeda and other cases. He also asserted that the court has "virtually nullified and rendered unenforceable all state laws on obscenity.'' "We must stop pampering agitators of violence, stop coddling criminals and stop condoning crime," McClellan told the governors conference. "I believe the right of the citizen to be safe transcends the right of the criminal to be free. We will never have safe streets and safe homes until we get the self-confessed criminals and other felons off the streets and into jails where they belong." The country, he warned, cannot withstand a soaring scourge of lawlessness. Ask New Hostage Hijackers Still Grounded at Seoul SEOUL (AP) - Sukeya Abe, Socialist member of Japan's parliament arrived here today to help government officials win release of 100 passengers and crew held hostage in an airliner hijacked by ultra-leftist Japanese students who want to go to North Korea. Abe hurriedly flew in after the hijackers several hours earlier agreed in principal to release the passengers in exchange for a new hostage, Japanese Vice Transportation Minister Shinjiro Yamamura. Want Identification The Samurai sword-brandishing hijackers asked that Abe come to Korea and identify Yamamura, whom they said they could not recognize by sight in a reply to Yamamura's proposal Weather KANSAS - Partly cloudy and warmer tonight, lows generally in 30s. Friday partly cloudy to cloudy with chance of showers, highs in 40s. Hutchinson Weather Wednesday's high, 34 at 1 a.m.; low, 31 at 6 p.m.; 40 at noon Thursday. Record high, 90 in 1928; record low, 12 in 1936. Winds: Southwest 5 mph. Barometer: 30.00 steady. Moisture: Trace. Sunset Thursday 6:56 p.m. Sunrise Friday: 6:15 a,m. (See weather map on page 2) that he be put aboard the airliner, grounded since Tuesday at Seoul's Kimpo International Airport, in place of the passengers. Shigeru Hori, c,hief Japanese Cabinet secretary, announced the agreement earlier in Tokyo. "You set free the passengers, then we will allow you to fly out," said Defense Minister Chung Nae-hyuk over the plane's radio. "Unless you agree to do so, I won't talk to you any longer." "You should realize that you are on Korean territory, not in Japan," he added. Okay to Land The hijackers say they want to go to North Korea, and the North Koreans say the Boeing 727 jet can land in Pyongyang and the passengers and crew will be returned to Japan immediately. But the South Korean government is still trying to get the passengers off, while the hijackers are reported afraid that the South Korean air force will shoot down the plane if the passengers are not aboard. Two American men are among the passengers; the rest are Japanese. today 	Weather	2 	Editorials	4 	Women's News	6-7 	Sports	9 	KSIR Scries	10 Centennial Committee Is Formed Hutchinson will celebrate its 100th anniversary July 4, 1972, and plans for a centennial celebration are being developed. A steering committee has been organized and met Wednesday at the Chamber of Commerce offices to discuss the project. Bud Janner, Chamber of Commerce manager, said the steering committee's purpose is not to manage the centennial but to assemble information to turn over to an operational agency. The committee agreed that the centennial should be locally organized and produced. "We believe we have enough local talent to do just about anything we want to," Janner said. No decision was made as to length of the celebration. The committee will ask all civic and service organizations to write to Hutchinson, Minn., the only other Hutchinson in the United States of comparable size, to see if that city might have been chartered at about the same time. Letters will be sent to bordering states to determine if any nearby cities share the same charter date. Steering committee members in addition to Janner are John Kline, Peter Macdonald, Willis Shaffer, Mrs. Howard Carey, Jr., Les Keller, and Jack Ca-ton. Accusation At Paris PARIS (AP) - North Vietnam and the Viet Cong accused the United States today of deliberately drawing Laos and Cambodia into the Vietnam war. There was no immediate comment from the four delegations at the 61st session of the Vietnam peace talks on the French government's proposal for an international conference to neutralize Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam. Nguyen Minh Vy, acting head of the North Vietnamese delegation, told newsmen at the start of the weekly conference session that the Nixon administration "is not only determined to continue its aggressive war in South Vietnam, but has now extended it to the whole of the Indochinese peninsula." Fears Raised in California By US Troops Smog to Smoggier? LOS ANGELES (AP) - The next step toward cleaning up automobile pollution in California may make Los Angeles' smog worse, scientists say. With 1971 model cars, the state of California will require control of emissions of oxides of nitrogen. These oxides are byproducts of combustion. Scientists know that oxides of nitrogen are bad for people, plants and visibility. They also know that the oxides are a factor in production of smog, along with hydrocarbons, sunlight and ozone. But scientists are not altogether sure precisely what role the oxides play in the smog generating process. In fact, some experts believe that a moderate reduction in the level of oxides of nitrogen in the air over Los Angeles will make the smog worse-rather than cause it to disappear. The California Health Department cautiously acknowledged the possibility in a report which said: "Most of the experimental findings indicate that with effective hydrocarbon control, moderate reductions of oxides of nitrogen may not further reduce smog effects. In fact some of the laboratory data indicate that moderate reduction of oxides of nitrogen emissions may negate some of the benefits gained from hydrocarbon control." Auto industry scientists are less cautious. "Oxides of nitrogen at very low concentrations are encoura-gers of the reaction that produces smog; at very high concentrations they are inhibitors of that reaction," said a top scientist at General Motors. The auto industry says it's the unburned hydrocarbons, the smelly fumes from gasoline, that are the chief villains. And the California Health Department agrees, to a point. "Control of hydrocarbons alone will reduce eye irritation, vege- tation damage, and ozone and aerosol formation; and the greater the degree of hydrocarbon control, the greater the reduction of the smog products." But the same report also says that in sufficient quantities nitrogen dioxide-one of the oxides of nitrogen-"can be injurious to health, damage vegetation, and impart an undesirable color to the atmosphere." The auto industry scientist said, however, "We don't think the oxides of nitrogen are a health problem at present levels." Then he shrugged his shoulders and added, "But it's all academic, the standards are there. For Vietnam Veterans Boost Med Care WASHINGTON (AP) - President Nixon moved today to expand the specialized medical programs of the Veterans Administration to meet the needs of the men returning from Vietnam. Nixon asked Congress for an immediate appropriation of $15 million for the fiscal year ending this June 30 and another $50 million in the VA's medical care budget request for fiscal year 1971. The Veterans Administration lias a medical budget of $1.54 billion for the current year and has asked Congress to approve $1.70 billion for next year. "I am determined that no American serviceman returning with injuries from Vietnam will fail to receive the immediate total medical care he requires," Nixon said in a statement. "This commitment will require more than dollars to redeem; it will require sound management of existing VA facilities, wise use of existing personnel and equipment and- most importantly a sensitivity to the needs of our veterans, personal as well as medical," he said. The President said the $15 million supplemental appropriation he requested would be spent in April, May and June partly to clear up the excessive backlog of dental claims of Vietnam veterans. It would provide funds also to improve the staffing of existing specialized medical programs, especially the spinal cord injury centers and the coronary-intensive care units; carry out plans for taking hemodialysis units into the homes of veterans suffering from serious kidney ailments; and help meet increased costs.of needed drugs and medicines. Turnabout Friday Hoping it may also signal a turnabout in the weather, The News will publish its 8th Annual Turnabout Edition Friday. On that day the readers of this family journal become the producers - the editors, reporters, feature writers and advertising salesmen. Nearly 100 Hutchonians from all walks of life will have a part in the 36-page edition. While it is a labor of love for the Turnabout Staff, there is a financial reward for the Chamber of Commerce. Each year a portion of day's advertising revenue is donated to the Chamber. In Viet War US Losses On Upswing SAIGON (AP) - The North Vietnamese-Viet Cong "high point" dropped off by about 50 per cent, but a fresh upsurge of fighting reported today sent U.S. casualties rising toward a high for the year. Eighteen more Americans were reported killed and 138 wounded in more than half a dozen ground fights, the loss of three helicopters and 65 rocket and mortar attacks. Twice as many rocket and mortar attacks had been reported in the previous 24 hours, the largest number in eight months. But despite the drop, a spokesman for the U.S. Command said enemy activity was still at a high level. Battlefield communiques reported 61 Americans, 101 South Vietnamese and 552 North Vietnamese and Viet Cong troops killed in the past 48 hours. The American dead included a brigadier general, the fifth U.S. general killed in the Vietnam war. During the same 48 hours, another 343 Americans and 264 South Vitenamese were reported wounded. Meanwhile, the U.S. Command reported that 79 Americans were killed in action in Vietnam last week, the lowest weekly toll in two months. But it was clear from the casualties reported in the past two days that this week's total-which will be announced next Thursday - will probably set a record for the year. A U.S. spokesman said enemy rocket and mortar attacks were still "way above the average." Enjoy the Sunshine, It May Not Last Long (Another Story Page 12) That's salubrious sunshine, people. Enjoy it. tomorrow may bring something else. First completely cloudless skies in almost a week greeted Kansas Thursday as citizens saw their first sunrise in six days. Brisk melting of the deep snow cover is occurring with temperatures moving well above freezing after they dipped to levels that set an occasional new date minimum. All of which may be but an interlude between winter encores. A new surge of this "White Spring" brand of weather is moving inland from the Pacific. By Friday this latest development will engulf Kansas from northwest to southeast bringing colder temperatures, plus a chance for showers or - you guessed it-snowfall. The big storm which deposited as much as a foot of wet flakes over the state Tuesday and Wednesday has moved out of Kansas and now is venting its wrath over the northeastern United States. Nearly 8 Inches In Hutchinson which got its heaviest April snowfall in 32 years with close to 8 inches, the additional fall Wednesday afternoon fell a couple of inches short of the April 7-8, 1938 record. The afternoon produced a series of light snow showers, some mist, and finally dried up completely with only traces of additional precipitation on top of the original .85 of an inch,   j A night of rather feverish activity to keep trouble spots on Fifth division highways free of drifts ended for division maintenance crews after the wind subsided and skies became clear before dawn. Wednesday afternoon and night division crews had trouble on US50 west of Hutchinson, one bad spot beinfe six miles west of the city in the Rayl Hill area and the second at the Adams corner junction of the Nickerson-Partridge road. Other problems occurred on US54 in the Pratt area. A. A. (Swede) Holmquist, division engineer, said the crews have been alerted more trouble might develop if the new storm moves in Friday but added no further difficulty should result from what is on the ground now. Because of the rapidity with which the snow was melting the problems on township roads of Reno County also should fade rapidly. The long needed surface moisture will start to make its presence felt through mud after the snow is gone. Overnight freezing conditions produced numerous slippery spots on Hutchinson streets. Gutters that were choked by melting snow and water became solid ice barriers overnight in some downtown sections. The morning low of 22 degrees at 6 a.m. would have qualified for an April 1 record breaker but it fell 10 points short for April 2. In 1912 there was a drastic flareback which plunged the thermometer to 12 above zero on April 2 and that record stands. However, Hutchinson has experienced some other April marrow chillers and the coldest recorded morning for the Month of Showers was 11 degrees above zero on April 14. Topeka's 14 broke a date record that has stood since 1936. Garden City also had a 14 minimum but that was no record there. Deepest snow measurement which finally emerged from the Wednesday production was one foot at Harveyville and Over-brook. Chase into Cambodia A 'No No9 By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Cambodian government said today U.S. forces have no right to pursue North Vietnamese and Viet Cong troops into Cambodia during battles. The White House said Saturday U.S. commanders were free to pursue the enemy into Cambodia under the policy of hot pursuit. 'Bring us a new map of Southeast Asia!' So far as is known, no American troops have invaded Cambodia during battles, but U.S. artillery and fighter-bombers frequently have attacked enemy positions inside Cambodia. South Vietnamese forces, however, recently attacked a Viet Cong stronghold two miles inside Cambodia under an agreement with Cambodian officers on the frontier. "Faithful to its policy of strict neutrality," said a Cambodian government statement, "Cambodia will not in fact accept the right of pursuit carried out on its territory." Military sources in Vientiane said Laotian air force gunships and artillery killed about 50 North Vietnamese soldiers who attacked a government outpost five miles north of the retaken American support base at Sam Thong in north-central Laos. The 'Hard Way' LIBERTY, N.Y. (AP*) - Former Supreme Court Justice Arthur J. Goldberg has won selection by the state Democratic Committee as candidate for governor of New York-but says he prefers to get into the party primary June 23 the hard way. WINTER SPORTS NOW- (News Photo by Jim Morris) -View of Dillon Recreation area given to Recreation Commission. Three local census crew Headers now receiving special training in Salina will I conduct   a  special   head \ count Monday using records of such diverse institutions as Kansas .State Industrial Reformatory,    Hutchinson Community   College   and nursing homes. The idea is to get an accurate count of people living   in or otherwise connected with these  institu-i lions. , Inmates of the city and county jails, as well as "floaters"- j persons with no fixed address- | will be among those counted in [Monday's effort, according to 'N. C. Grant, manager of the district census office headquartered in Salina. In some of the larger cities, census takers will visit all-night theaters, parks and missions trying to track down the floaters, he said. Hutchinson is expected to have few floaters and the search here will not be so intense. Grant said Robert Woodson, Kansas penal director, has been authorized to conduct his own enumeration of Kansas prisons. In the case of KSIR, however, which is short of help, crew chiefs will help out. They will go through reformatory records Monday to get the head count and will also conduct a few interviews with inmates if necessary. The crew chiefs involved in Monday's count are Mrs. Lillian R. Epp, 222 East 11th; Mrs. Opal O. Culver, 309 East 15th; and Mrs. Donna R. Brummet, 216 North Park. They have made special arrangements with nursing home operators, HCC officials and other administrators of local institutions in advance of the count. Grant said all KSIR inmates, HCC students, rest home residents and floaters - in short, anyone who happens to be in Reno County when counted except vacationers and travelers with fixed addresses - will be considered Reno County residents and listed as such. Local motels received a similar survey Tuesday. Problems Develop The mind-boggling census operation has not been without its problems, and Grant was in the process of trying to iron out a few of them Thursday. He said he had done little but answer the telephone all morning to clear up misconceptions about the census. One problem has been caused by census publicity in Sedgwick County, especially broadcast media reports, he said. These reports inform Sedgwick County residents that they are expected to mail back the census forms they receive in the mail. This is correct information, but only for Sedgwick County, Grant said. Persons in other counties who saw or heard the broadcasts have been mistakenly mailing in their forms. The Salina office received some 25 of these forms Thursday morning. Grant emphasized that a 11 Reno Countians who received a form in the mail should hang onto it until a census taker comes by to pick it up. Persons who have not received a form will be contacted in person, he said. In Reno County, every fifth address is to be contacted in the latter manner. Many persons have called the census office asking why they had not received forms, Grant said. Intercepted Letter SAM CHAMBERS, The Weatherman, Dodge City, Dear Sam, Confused motorists with ski racks are askin' if this is Aspen. Yours, Hutch i   

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