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Hutchinson News (Newspaper) - July 26, 1890, Hutchinson, Kansas 2 HUTCHINSON DAILY NEWS: SATf BPAY MORNING. JCLY 26.1*90. HOW LISA'MM is W \!u: one trade in which ancient . Methods are employed. �torief-ii ftn�|>mvetuentii Have Ni.l An'rclvd T&itiiliifc-Tiii} I'roes-m, � I.�llther Afhiur<'l.t Hi -erlbt-d. A Lai-fro KetalilLlmiunt. Modern Ingenuity bus changed tho character of almost ivory business In existence within the lost fifty yearn, but there is one which filill retains its primeval simplicity. That is the manufacture of lonther. The one thing needed to make^ood leather i� time, and as modern machines tend ty eliminate tjiat element they oro of no neo hero, 'fho ancient toil honorable occupation of the tanner stands proof against innc-valTnns'. Notwithstanding that fuel thero is nn Immense amount of leather lunde, and Cincinnati's output for n yeiir reaebeB the enormous quantity of 432,000 hides. Valued' at �1,080,000. Of thin fully hulf Is mode at one tannery, which in the largest in thu world. It wan to this tannery UiuL a reporter betook himself yesterday to see how tho old fashioned business waft conducted. Tho obliging superintendent took him in hand, and for one hour nud a hulf the pair marched steadily onward, upstairs, down elevators and through villiiinous smells. ITOR] ards about five feet long, inclined to an angle of forty-five degrees and having a longitudinal convexity upward and beiug covered with zinc. Upon these the hides are thrown ilesh side up, and the tlesh sido scraped oil with broad hladed knives. The bib) of meat go to tho glnu factories nnd the hair is used by plasterers. Another soaking in fresh water and they ore taken by the slrokern, who work them three times on ix-ams to remove any short hairs or lime that may remain. From hero they are put into fresh water again, then suspended on stiekH in very weak (an liimur for two weeks. Thoy we perfectly wliite wbon introduced into this liquor, bnt come out slightly tanned Or brown. IN TUB TAN UQUOU. They are then token iuto a large room, the floor of wliioh is simply planks laid over largo vats. Into these vats a bido is thrown, freali bark is scattered over it, and another hide is placed on top, etc., until the vat is filled. The, wholo is submerged in the strongest tan liquor. While these aresoahiiur let us see how the liquor in made. In a large room there arc thirty-two leeching vuta, each 16 feet In diameter unci 10 feet deep. In a new tannery these must bo Oiled with fresh water and ground bark, bat in an established tannery litpior ii used. The fresh bark is flooded with strong liquor, and when thin is drawn off weaker liquor IB put on the some bark, the vat being allowed to stand eight days each time, and then weaker liquor is placed on tho bark, till nt tho thirty-second time it is pure water; or, in other words, fresh water ia put on worn out bark, then transferred to fresher and fresher, until when put on new bark it is strong liquor. Tho exhausted hark is burned in bested ovens and generates an immense amount of straws. The hides taien from the vats were packed with bark and suspended on frame** I in tea. liquor for two weeks, Here as in tbe leeching process an old tannery has an advantage. The fresh ttqooris pat �b U� bides that hava been langest tanaang. and as the strength is taken
erhaps successfully, for the possession jf the weapon. I therefore otfiT you ai ouce the s.vord of the vanquisher of Po* viaandthovauquiBhuduf Ravenna. And now, dear sir. as you can no longer seo any reason why I should not live a very long time yet, let me assuro you that while I live I shall always 1� your devoted friend. A. Dumas." 3is*ullur Yuur Xuuiu 100 Mllna Away, One of tho marvels of electricity, and ono of tho most striking of the Edison exhibits at tho Paris exposition, was the little instrument which enables the operator to sign a check 100 miles distant, Tho writing to bo transmitted i� im pressed on soft paper with an ordinary stylus. This is mounted on a cylinder, which, as it revolves, "makes and breaks" the electric current by means of tho varying indentations on the paper. At the receiving end of the wiro a eimi lar cylinder, moving in accurate syn chronism with the other, receives tin current on a chemically prepared paper on which it transcribes the signature in black letters on a white ground.- -Exchange._________ What lie Mlued. Uncle Silas Greening, visiting his niece in the city, was token one day to see tho chrysanthemum show. The ola man is of: a practical tarn and seldom hesitates to Bpeak his mind. "Well, uncle," said his niece, after their return., home, "how did you like the exhibition?" ,"Wal, to tell ye the truth, Elviry, I didn't think lunch on't." "Why, what was the matter with it!" "Matter? Why, there won't so much as a single punkin in the whole allow!'' Youth's Companion. ie e,n .a ru.eis in timso days, none oi 1 ttuui cavid to dispute the palm with Aubrey. On n wuger of #l,uoo he undertone o� ride alone rniiiiHnma Ke to Independence inside of six days. It was thirty-nine years ago that he undertook the terrible feat, it was to lie, tho pu-prerne effort of his life, and he sent a half dozen of the swiftest horses ahead to Ik- stationed at different points for use in the ride. "He left Hnnta Fe in a sweeping gallop and that was the pace hs kept up during nearly every hour of the tune until ho fell fainting from his fotira covered horse iu tho square at Independence. No man could keep with tUe rider and ho wonld have killed every horse 5n tho west rather than to have failed in the undertaking. It took him just five days and nineteen hours to perform the feat and it cost the es of several of his beet horses. After big carried injo a room at tho old iTcl at Independence Aubroy lay for forty-eight hours in a dead stupor before came to his senses. He would never ave recovered from tho shock had it not been for his wonderful constitution. The feat whs unanimously regarded by estem men as the greatest exhibition strength and endurance ever known on tho plains." What became of Aubrey afterward?" as a.-du-il. After his ride lie U-cinne t,he liou of the west and was dined and feted at St. ioniB ns though he had 1)va n a conquering heio.( Ho finally r.iet his death at the hand of a friend. One day in 1854, in nn altercation with Maj. Richard H. Weightman, the great rider was stabbed to the heart und dropped dead in Santa lie was bnried in an unknown grave and all that is remembered of Au-brey is his remarkable rido, Weightman was tried upon the charge of murder, but was acquitted, and joining the Confederate army was shot at Wilson's Creek while leading his brigade into battle."-Denver News. ,lukr� nf UitNlumii >I�n. A well known lawyer and bis broker friend dropped their tickets into the gloss aquarium on the city hall elevated station, oud as the lawyer stopped to buy the evening papers he jerked down and pinned to his friend's back the large yellow placard placed under the latest editions and reading. "Out Today The Wort at Writing- a Ifcioh. Dumas once said that it was the easiest thing in the world to write a book. You had only to seat yourself in a leather covered chair at a library table well supplied with blue paper and a certain kind of pen and ink, and proceed to write; but before you began, before you seated yourself or wTOto the first word, you should have given ten yeare of thought to tho subjoct ou which you in tended to write.-Writer. aubrey's famous rioe. A. Vest TUttt Hu Few rantlleU Iu Vhjlf leal �u ��er!lie* ft Curloun l'ortlun o| the OUibe'a Makeup-Mntlcal Band It Found In Hevf:ral Gountrlea--$ame Iff-poturftri to Ksitlalu Stlia Cause. The so-called ."barking sands" of Kauai are mentioned in tho works of soverol travelers in the Hawaiian islands, and have a worldwido fame as a natural curiosity. As a rnlo, howevar, the printed accounts are meager In dstall.i, and show tho authors to have been uiine^nDintod with Rimilar Tihenonwn elsewhere. Jointly with Dr. leris A. Jnlien, of Columbia college, New York, I have been studying the properties of sonorous sand for a long time, and have visited many localities in America, Europe and Asia; henco I was ablo during a receut. visit to Kauai to make sonic notes aud comparisons that may interest tho residents of this kingdom. Notwithstanding recent tato I found the sand on tho dune at Mima dry to tho depth of four or five inches, and when pushed down tho steep incline it gave out a d�?p base note having a tremulous obaraobi-. ', Y , hardly resembles the "barkinf" of a dog, but a .-onnd somewhat like it. iii produced by plunging the hands into the sand aud bringing them �vigorously together. Another way is to fill a long bag three-quarters full of sand, and then dividing its contents into two parts, holding one. in each hand, to clap the two portion* together. This I had found to be a good method for testing tho souorimsuess i>t' x.nd on sea beaches. A bag of the sain i wiil preserve its acoustic qualities a hmg time if kept dry and not too frequently manipulated. The ouglo nt which the saint lies where it fulls over the ib.ce is :tl degrees; the Sonorousness e.\liiil.; several hundred feet along the dune, beiug interrupted by a creeping viiiii that thrives marvel-oualy in such a soil. A similar dune of sonorous sand occurs on Niihun, as lias long been known to residents of the island, and it has been also reported to occur near Kolw. These observation-,, simple as they are, have been of special interest to me, be- "Ilello. here, how long have you been cause thoy show that tint sand of these out of riiug SiugV" said a friend, slapping the bvoker familiarly en the bock. The broker laughed when shewn the ii'd, hut, insisted on keeping it. The incident had been forgotten when one lay the broker stuck his head into his friend's office and said: "Better come down tlie Sound fishing today." Can't possibly do it," answered the lawyer. "Have wade an engagement to meet some clients here on important lUfiiness." "All right," said his friend. The lawyer waited in vain for his clients. Ho heard several people approach tho office, bnt no one entered, and when he eft the office he saw a hnge yellow placard on his door reading "Out Today." The smile he tried to give was a failure. -New York Times. Tlio Hol� Cook Ktruhe. "Bob Cook's stroke is the result of Bob Cook's exlianstive study of a man from his heels to tho crown of his head,' said a member of the Yale nine. " have watched his work with our crew very carefully. Everybody Is familiar with the success he has achieved, but it is not generally realized that what is known as the Bob Cook stroke is not an occidental discuvery by this prince of athletes, but is tho result of years of painstaking and exhaustive study on the general subject of tiie physical possibilities of the human frame in athletics. Tho stroke today is a masterpiece of genius which has solved the problem of imparting the greatest amount of fbrce to the end of a long oar by the least possible wxpendituro of strength. That is rather a sopliomoric statement, but it covers the grounds of Bob Cook's life work."-Hew York World. Bow to Keep Ofiitera, There is nu ingenious device for keeping oysters good in tho shell for several weeks after they have been taken from the wuter. Hitherto this has beon done unsatisfactorily by boring holes through the edges of tho shells ond locking in the localities forms a link between that of the sea beaches and that of a certain hill on tho Gulf of Suez kuuwu as Jebel Na-gous. und which 1 visited iu April, lt-St), Sonorous sand is of more common occur rence than generally supposed. It u found on tho Atlantic const of the United States from Maine, to Florida, on the Pacific coast, in Europe, Japan, Africa, Tasmania, etc., as well as on the shorts of many fresh water lakes. In these localities it forms areas generally between low-tide and tho base of adjoining dunes, and emits sounds only when subjected to friction by tho feet aud hands or ill a bag as described. At Jebel Nagous, in Arabia, on tho other hand, the sand rests in a ravine, and produces sound only when it rolls down the incline (which i often does spontaneously) and fails to respond to kicks and ciiJTs. The sand at Mana, as shown, unites in itself both these acoustic properties. The angle at which the sand lies at Jebel Nagous is the same as at Mana, ill de, grees being the �anijlo of rest" for line dry sand. The, musical notes obtains at these far separated localities are al the same, but in Arabia the incline is 800 feet high, and consequently th sounds are far louder, especially us they are further magnified by being echoed from adjoining chit's. The sand at Kauui and Niihnu is madi up of fragmeuts of shell and coral, while that of nil other localities known to uf (over 100 in nunitier) is siliceous. This shows that the soriorouRnees is independent of material. Examination under the microscopo further shows that the sonorous quality is not connected with the shape of the grain, Sonorous Band is distinguished by being free from fine dust or silt; the individual grains are very nr.; form in size. It is very easy to deprive sand of its acoustic power by mixing a littlo earth with it or by wetting it. Yi is diffict-It, if not impossible, to restore to sand its sonorous quality when once "killed." A number of hypotheses have been proposed to explain the cause of tliis civ IJoitrnves at lus successes through his knowledge of the evil in men; ho coram to grief through his ignorance of tho good iu men. He thinks ho knows "human nature," but ho only half knows it. Therefore ho is constantly in danger of making a fatal mistake. For instance, his excuse to himself for lying and trick-cry in that lying and trickery are indulged in by others-even by nomo niou who make a Vmd boast of virtue bofore the, world. A littlo more or less of lying and trickery soems to mako no difference, ho assumes-especially so long as thoro ie no public display of lies and tricks-for he understands that there must always be a certain outward propriety in order to in-jnre eveu tho inferos kind of success be (s aiming at But having no usablo conscience- to guido him ho underrates tho sensitiveness of other consciences-and especially tho sensitiveness of that voguo sentiment called "public opinion"-ond he makes a mis calculation, which, if it does not land him in the penitentiary, at least makes him of no use to his reapectablo allies,-therefore of no nso to his soml-criminal associates', therefore a surprised, miserable and vindictive failure.-Century Magazine.__ Ttin Good Old Times. Under Henry I coiners of. false money wero punished by tho loss of their right hands, and other mutilations of various kinds wero in common use. In 11 luoCH iraga, _-----#-----^....._ - __,_____, i young woman in her best bib and ,T aiT^TfLm^a nlacaT Haw��. Y^I'�! ^.^Tx^*'^x^^ ^J.1?0!.1^ JSfLIf?11!!^. .l�?!yB J" , ^ P_^?^ to tbe rullnas ojwi^ - - , .. , ,iu7�TS hood and strength. His bustaoas for ten some of his bast work on his favorite_____a,... ,__TT-i__ thoroughfare one day. A young woman in her owe aja una .._-i.fi .u. Jienntna nT**** hbwu. ---------------------- ------ - . _ - .------- - - --._ Ty tucker with the inevitable young maa. *"* 8wPpla* J?"*.T **" TJT* t ins strata of bituminous wood beneath 60 smart as ha thinks and as others | r.ice track of good stuuuina and may had was croai^aThW postafflnein a� 9mt^al W� although Uks* j ^ ot wmi and day. � tMnfc is that hd to cfteu come* to |,Tk� 1 to serious complication* tu the Jutura. '*>' ' -�� .......,.........................._:.,,-,,, ,-,-.(.4.t:,,<--.J,.
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