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Emporia Gazette Newspaper Archive: May 16, 1942 - Page 1

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Publication: Emporia Gazette

Location: Emporia, Kansas

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   Emporia Gazette, The (Newspaper) - May 16, 1942, Emporia, Kansas                                VOLUME tn IHE EMPORIA GAZETTE EIGHT PAGES EMPORIA KANSAS SATURDAY EVENING MAY 16 1942 NUMBER 247 Pass Buck t On New Army Pay Rates 1 Conferees Ask Whether r Wants or at a Base Washington May 16 g gress would like to know whether President Roosevelt favors paying buck privates and navy apprentice seamen the monthly voted by the senate or the approved by the home members said today Members of a joint senatehouse conference committee have Mkei the budget bureau for Its opinion on the military pay adjustment bill Customarily the recom g mendations are regarded as reflect ing the views of the Chief Execu tive Rave Political Shivers Ohairman Reynolds of the senate military affairs commlt 4 tee said the conferees probably would be guided largely by the bu reaus recommendations in at tempting to compose senate and house differences over the politic allydelicate pay question The bureau ignored the senate commit tees request for an opinion when the measure first was being pre pared for senate action House members fortified with 331 to 28 vote of their body were expected to Insist upon retainln the scale Senate conferees 01 the other hand were bound to pw up an argument for the figures although some of them personally reported to favor the higher amount Subject to Income Tax Congressional leaders pointed out however that even if the soldiers higher pay check house they may find considerable portion of 11 eoAen up by lncotne taxes Senator George DOa called f attention to the fact that adoption by congress of pending proposals to lower exemptions for single persons to would automatically bring privates without dependents within the fold of income taxpayers nouMapProved pay scale f of a year were adopted most privates would have to pay tax on nearly all of the the received above the proposed lowered exemp tions he said However the senat increase to also would make these men liable to file tax returns T although they woujd have to pay only a small amount of tax if at all obtain the favored by Í8 the McNary An Easy Winner in Primary Portland May 18 ate Minority Leader Charles L McNary who was so busy in Wash ington he couldnt come home to campaign overwhelmingly won the Republican renominatlon Friday McNary Oregon senator since 1917 and Wendell Willklei running mate in the 1940 presidential cam paign swamped Arthur L Geary Portland attorney to In of precincts His opponent in November ap parently will be Walter W Whlt becfc Portland Insurance man who was leading Dr MacBeth A Milne Portland dentist to In precincts in the racefor the Democratic senatorial nomination Governor Loies Gov Charles A Sprague lost to State Earl Sncll in his contest for the Republican re nomination Returns from precincts gave Snell and Sprague Sprague conceded defeat State Sen Lew Wallace was lead ing Howard Latourette Democratic national commlttecman in the Democratic race for governor Wallace In precincts had votes compared with for Latourette and for Grover C Fretwell who ran on a religious platform In his campaign speeches Geary attacked the adequacy of Senator McNarys war efforts charging he has not wholeheartedly supported the administrations war measures and failed to realize the necessity for preparedness before the Pearl Harbor attack Snell was critical of Governor Spragues state organization for the war effort Ready to Launch Big USO Drive VVide Interest In the USO drive throughout the county particularly in the rural districts was report ed today by Dick Hereford who with Fred I Nevius Is in charge of the campaign outside Emporia Mrs Kenneth Welch of Hartford is in charge of the campaign In rural territory of the county The campaign will begin on a wide scale in Emporia Tuesday fol lowing a mass meeting Monday 1 night of the nearly 300 workers en rolled In the campaign This meet Ing will be at 8 oclock in the Civic auditorium The campaign organiz ation is being set up this week It was announced that S D Mock Is in charge of the cwnpalgn as Em poria State Instead of Dr S J Brown RUSSIANS SILENCE GERMAN GUN ON THE CRIMEAN at pointblank range So viet gunners silence an enemy machine fun on the Crimean froct The Germans claim heir forces are at jumping off the rates of Kerch strategic Russian stronghold on the Crimean peninsula and a possible place for Nad driving toward the Caucasus oil fields By radio from Exchange Ship Now in Lisbon Noted Pastor To Return on the Drottningholm BY RICHARD G MASSOCK Richard Q Massock Yeteran foreign correspondent ot the Associated Press who was chief of bureau In Rome up to the of the declaration ol war hu arrived In Lisbon along with other to bo exchanged for Axis diplo mat and Lisbon May 16 diplo matic exchange ship Drottning holm docked here today after having anchored a quarter of a mile away for several hours and 923 Germans Italians Hungarians and Bulgarians began coming ashore Many of them looked somewhat sad for a large portion were wo men with children who facedthe prospect of wartime Europes dangers and privations A former secretary of Germanys Washington embassy remarked however It b a pleasure to feel free Its AflMrlMM to Leave One hundred twentyfive Ameri had arrived by train Trorn It aly for repatriation on the Orott among them the Rev Hiram Qrubet Woolf of Elmlra N rector of the famous St Pauls American Episcopal church in fióme who was arrested November 18 on suspicion of espionage Mr Woolf Harold Denny of DCS Molnes Iowa New York Times correspondent who was captured Libya and u United States army observer Maj Michael Buckley who also was captured In the midst of an African tank battle were among 60 American diplomats and newspaper correspondents who ar rived on the fourth and last diplo matic train from Rome Mr Wool had been tried secrct y and sentenced to 30 years im jrisonment by a special tribunal or defense of the state and held ncommunlcado nearly six montiis he was pardoned by Klivj Vlttorlo Emanuele four days ago He left on the train the next day On U S Prenure The release of the rector was ar ranged as a condition for repatrl tion of certain Italian notables in the United States The United States government lad Insisted upon his inclusion in the official repatriation party un der threat of criminal prosecution of 13 Italians In the United States against whom it was said serious harges could be made Denny had undergone seven weeks of questioning by the Ges tapo in a Berlin prison before hts release May 3 The German legation took three ilsbon hotels to house German who will start leaving Lisbon Sunday Three trains from Germany wore ue later today with passengers for the first sailing One of the outstanding nonof Icial Americans on the lost train rom Rome was Louise Teddy jynch former society debutante orch singer in a New York night lub who in private life is the wife f Paul Getty Los Angeles oil man She was studying operatic sing ng in Rome when she was arrest d after the declara iohs of war She was held In a omens prison five days without harge or questioning then she was interned with six newspaper orrespondents at the picturesque medieval resort of Siena Correspondents Long in Jail The correspondents Including the writer were arrested immediately liter Mussolinis declaration of war December 11 and were first Jailed with common prisoners in bare cells Romes Regina Coell Queen of eaven prison for 24 hours They len were moved to another cell lock where they could buy a few omforts After 48 hours Imprisonment when the Italian authorities Continued on Page Two Tire Theft Ring Operating in State Topeka May 16 head of the Kansas Bureal of Investiga tion disclosed today a series of or ganized tire thefts had resulted from tire rationing and one peace officer had been killed In the new crime wave He said recently discovered evi dence showed Marshal Clarence shot by midnight marau ders last March 27 had been killed by the same burglars who stole tires and tubes at Oottonwood Falls March 17 Many Thefts Reported Large scale tire thefts averaging to worth of rubber at current prices also have occurred in Pleasanton Alma Quinter Ha ven and other places in recent weeks Richter said At some plac es quantities of motor oil also were taken the evidence linking Sangers death with the Cottonwood Falls burglars was a special type of shot gun shell One such shell was found at the scene of the looting there apparently lost by the robbers and the same kind of shell was used by Sangers killers Richter explained He pointed out most of the tire thefts have been spotted through eastern and central Kansas and said KBI agents were making prog ress In their Investigations of the Reports from Missouri indicated eases similar depredations had occurred there Attention MttchinU under new price regulations yon will need Celllns price for your merchandise We have prepared labels readings Our Ctlllng with npuce for your Ubtli for lie The TAGE PRODUCER DIES New York May 16 Pi Morrli Gest noted theatrical producer died early today after a 10day sickness it was announced by the Midtown hospital where he was a patient Sent Stationery IR Scrrlce In service will appreciate a box of stationary with nams and organi zation and Insignia of Army Nnvy Air Cnrps sr Any stle 123 sheets and 10 envelopes available at The Scrap Iron Drive Starts Monday Some Metal Already Is Turned In The drive for scrap metals in Emporia and Lyon county will start Monday officially although many pounds of scrap iron and steel already have been turned in according to the Lyon County Sal vage committee In Emporia the drive Is In charge of Clyde Duncan of the Veterans of Foreign Wars and he asks everyone to make a thorough search for old Iron and steel Any thing made of iron which has been discarded or broken Is needed to swell the countys total tonnage Listed for collection are discarded tools od tractors auto chassis old machinery plows farm Imple ments broken stoves grates old made of Iron or steel Want Small Brought In We donations as small as 5 Chairman Duncan said today However people should turn In small amounts and not call the committee unless they have substantial amounts of scrap which have to be carried away by truck If the committee has to truck scrap to the salvage depots owners will be asked to donate It to pay for hauling However any one may call any of the Junk yards If they have large amounts of scrap and they will call for it and pay at the rate of per Weeklong Drive The drive throughout the coun ty at the rural depots established will continue ail week with special effort made to gather salvage from farms County Chairman C M Bruce of Amerlcus commander of the American Legión has arranged for scrap to be taken to nearest depots so that longer hauls to Em poria can be avoided The same price per ton is paid at all de pots Scales and depots are lo cated at Amaricus Plymouth Bushon Allen Admire Miller Reading Neosho Rapids Hartford and Olpe Passes Mark The United China Relief fund passed the mark today neared the half way point of The total today reached and the goal Is Contribu tions may be The Gazette office Latest contributions Previously reported Society First Presbyter Ian Edwip j Mr utd Mrs C J McCoy Catherine Lewis Wlan Qulld Emporia Rehelean Lodge Kendall Ellis H Arundel Ave Pres rhureh Mis sionary Society Vote on Airport Bonds Is Urged Emporia Citizens Group Favors a Special Election On Issue The executive committee of the Citizens Airport committee voted Friday afternoon to recommend to the citizens group that the city commission be petitioned to call a special election for the purpose of voting bonds of for a mu nicipal airport This executive committee decision was the result of three weeks of investigation and consideration on the part of committee SeUeck B Warren reported on his findings on recent trips to Washington O which he made in an effort to obtain some de fense project for Emporia Mr Warrens report brought out the fact that Emporia is regarded in Washington as being backward In Its aviation development and this fact has been one venting Emporia from obtaining projects of an aviation nature Government May Aid A bill Is coming up in congress which will provide governmental aid In improving already estab lished airports and this was one factor which influenced the execu tive committefc to recommend an Immediate special election If the bill passes and Emporia has ac quired land made a start on an airport It Is possible that govern mental aid might be obtained to complete the port a It should be P O Krueger who has been the temporary chairman of the citi zens committee presided at the Friday afternoon meeting of the executive committee He said he believed that his wort as tempo rary chairman was completed and requested that a permanent chair man be elected at a general meet ing of the citizens group next Thursday night He appointed Dr Frank Foncannon as chairman of a nominating committee which will have candidates to submit to the main group Thursday night Scott Is Elected The executive committee elected Kenneth A Scott chairman of the planning committee of the citizens group and he will announce bis committee soon This committee will have suggestions to submit at the general meeting All persons interested in the es tablishing of a modern airport for Emporia are urged to attend the Thursday night meeting at the Broadview hotel at oclock Mr Warren will report on the in formation he obtained in Washing ton and the efforts made to ob tain a defense project for Empo ria Good Evening Indoor picnics are fun anyway 11 oclock Minimum last nlht Maximum Friday Minimum year Máximum year ei TO Í3 dtfreM 14 difitM TODAYS FORECAST Kansas Waraer today and In and east portions tonljtit rain north vrst afternoon and tonight and a SPW widely scattered south and east tonifht cooler northwest ky evening Missouri Warmer today and tonlKit Oklahoma Warmer today and tonight few scattered thunderstorms to night windy Weekend Drizzle The Weather Outlook Topeka May 18 raincoat or an umbrella will be the popular thing to carry outdoors this week end Weatherman 8 D Flora ad vised Unsettled conditions were moving Into the state from the northwest today Rain was forecast for the northwestern sector this afternoon and tonight Scattered showers ap peared likely for southern and eastern counties tonight Cooler breezes will accompany the moisture Flora said Cold weather in the northwestern states gave off the cool air for Kansas The state escaped frost last night Goodlands 42 degrees was low Goodland and Phillipsburg recorded a high 74 Friday Unseasonable coolness and rains are delaying farm work the meteor ologist asserted Rivsrs generally are within their banks but the ground Is so thoroughly moisture soaked streams will react quickly after moderate to heavy rains Kerch Loss Offset By Kharkov Gains MORE STATE C OF C MEMBERS Topeka May 16 hundred new members in the Kansas state Chamber of Commerce since the first of the year were reported today by W L Wheelock of Clay Center treasurer Wheelock said height ened interest In the states Industrial kos already had bat program wns responsible for the In crease to 750 memberships repre senting 450 firms May Flank The Nazis in The Crimea Soviet Troops Into Kharkov Outskirts After Big Tank Battles BY ROGER O GREENE Associated Press Editor Ailolf field head adverted today that German troops had occupied the Crimean town of Kerch gateway to Caucasus oil riches but a greater prize appeared to be falling within the grasp of the Red armies the big Ukraine city of Kharkov Unconfirmed reports said Marshal Scmcon Timoshen Track Titles Are at Stake Here Today Finals of State r High Meet Are Expected to Produce Marks Kansas high school track and field records tottered on the brink as the years finest crop of ath letes converged on Emporia States stadium this afternoon for the fi nals of the state meet A preview of what may be In the way of record breaking was staged in the preliminaries Friday when one Class B state mark was eclipsed and a Class A record tied Finals were to begin at oclock this afternoon Many Marks Unwcure A continuation of Fridays per fect track meet weather was ex pected to contribute to the assault on the records this afternoon Marks considered unsafe today in clude the 100yard dash the low hurdles the mile relay and the Javelin in Class A and the century the high jump the discus and any of tho three relays in Class B The record breaking began Fri day when Brawner husky Enter prisu discus thrower cut loose with a toss that carried the platter 148 Continued on A Split in Farm Bloc Is Possible Washington May 16 split was threatened today in the pow erful ssnate farm bloc with corn and wheat representatives angry over a decision of other farm spokesmen to permit cutrate sales of government grain for livestock feeding Senators Russell DGa Bank head DAla and McNary ROre met with grain belt leaders to try for an informal agreement keeping Intact the united front of south em tobacco cotton and rice fann ers with western corn wheat live stock and dairy Interests In recent years this group has won an amazing series of legis lative victories sometimes over pro tests of the President himself but leaders mentioned the possibility today of an open clash among di vergent farm interests If we cant find a suitable corn then well simply have to fight this thing out onthe Russell said Involved In the dispute were President Roosevelts demands that the rise in food and ether living costs be checked and protests of com growers that government stocks of corn and wheat were be ing used to depress prices Authorized expenditures for war Including foreign orders totaled from thp bffrinnlng of thr defense effort through Feb ruary 15 Browder Out of Prison Soon Passport Fraud Sentence Commuted By Roosevelt Washington May 16 dent Roosevelt today commuted the sentence of Earl Browder Com munist party leader who has served approximately 14 months of a four year sentence for passport fraud The former general secretary of the Communist party in the UrJted States will be released from the At lanta penitentiary as soon as prop er arrangements can be made Arc Paid Browder paid fines of at the time of sentence and was committed to prison on March 27 1941 The sentence Imposed upon said a White House state ment was longer than file usual sentence Imposed for offenses in volving the fraudulent obtaining and use of The statement added that the President believed that the prin ciple of obedience to law has been sufficiently vindicated by the pun ishment already A Step to Unity It was said that commutation to the term already served coming as it does shortly before Browder be comes eligible for parole would have a tendency to promote na tional unity and allay any feeling which may exist In some minds that the unusually long sentence In Browders case was by way of pen alty imposed upon him because of his political tw repair Buz Co tied heir way into the north east suburbs of Kharkov and were fighting the Germans in the streets PHM Kharkov on South Simultaneously a Stockholm dis patch said the Russians flanking Kharkov to the south had breached the German defenses at Lozovaya In a drive to cut Nazi communi cations with the entire midway be tween Kharkov and Stallno A successful lunge through there would Impurll the big hydroelec tric power city of Dnieperopctrovsk and threaten the whole German campaign In the Crimea and along the Sea cf Azov dispatches the mans were paying a terrific toll In killed and wounded Hitlers command Issued a spe cial communique asserting that Nazi troops penetrated Kerch Fri day after overcoming stubborn re and added Tho town and harbor are In German Report Nazis Out of Kerch A Reuters British news agency dispatch said the Germans had temporarily occupied part ol Kerch but had been overrun by a fierce counterattack of Soviet tanks ar tillery and Infantry striking from Yenikale 10 miles to the northeast In any event the fall of Kerch would not necessarily mean that Hitler could reach out and seize the great Caucasus oil fields acroac the narrow Kerch strait from Kerch city The Germans held Kerch for two months lust year without risking a thrust across Kerch strait under the guns of the Soviet Black sea fleet Soviet dispatches gave no indi cation of Kerchs fall reporting merely that stubborn battles raged throughout the night on Kerch peninsula Report Heavy Nail Of the Kharkov front 380 miles north of Kerch a Red army bul letin reported that Marshal Tlmo shenkos army was Inflicting havoc on the Germans under Field Mar shal Gen Fedor von Bock captur ing a large number of destroying 255 guns wrecking more than 250 tanks and shooting down 40 planes The Russians said a big new tank battle In the Kharkov sector left one field n cemetery of German with 35 Nazi panzer units In flames and 40 torn by shelllire Attacking front with now on 70mile Americanmade tanks blasting a path the Red armies were said to have cracked Khar kovs Inner defense line in at least two places while the Germans fran tically rushed reserves Into the bat tle Our troops arc Inflicting blow after blow on the enemy and mak ing successful a Soviet communique declared The offensive spirit of our troops is rising every Steal Nazi Thunder Red Star the Russian army newspaper said Marshal Tlmo shenkos surprise offensive had frustrated Hitlers plan to launch his own spring drive on the Khar kov front Heavy fighting also rsged on the Leningrad front where the Rus sians reported they annihilated Germans in a 3day battle In one sector and killed In an other In the European air war the German command said 14 British planes were shot down In the past 24 hours sea and air fights off the channel Invasion The British said RAF Hudson bombers set fife to three German supply ships and hit several others in attacks on two German con voys near the Frisian islands In the North Sea Five RAF bomb ers were acknowledged missing M L Kmanrai jatt tooA Ml CommueUI A British Force Still in Burma Br the AuoeUtxi Frcu Britain today countered Fridays reports that the last weary rem nants of the British army in Bur ma had retreated Into India and instead said that British troops had made contact with Japanese forcus driving up the Chindwin river val ley north of Shegyn There has been no general with drawal Into theso quarters said Indicating that Gen Harold Alexander still kept some forcesIn Burma to check tho Japanese on slaught toward India Chungking reports said the Jap anese striking up the Burma Road Into China were still 55 miles from Pnoshnn which is 125 talles from the Burma frontier The central Chinese news sgen said more I han Japanese troops had been killed and wound ed In Yunnon In the past week In the battle of Australia Gen Douglas McArthurs headquarters reported that Allied bombers cnteh ing Ule Japanese off guard heavily blasted the enemy baso at New Guinea and left big fires blaz ing Other Allied planes twice raided the Japanese base at Rabaul A Downhill Pull for the Allies Soon The Ridge Over Which Lies Victory Sighted Yorkshire Audience Told Laval Stews Over Martinique Hes Afraid He Isnt Liked In Washington Vichy Unoccupied France May 18 Laval chief of gov ernment announced today that Vichy had Informed Washington officially that It could not accept the United States conditions re garding the status of Martinique Laval told the press that a note sent to Washington had declared the American conditions to be a grave blow to French sovereignty over Frances West Indies posses sions Franca will not relinquish any of her over Martinique no matter what the pro Axis chief of government told cor respondents Straight from Nati Paris Laval returned to Vichy this morning from an overnight visit to German occupied Paris where he had conversations with various people and his Immediate collab orators an official statement said The Washington government maintains that Lavals government Is not concerned In the negotia tions It is conducting at Fort DC Prance with Adm Georges Robert the French high commissioner seeking effective neutralization of Martinique Washington maintains the admiral Is the ultimate au thority and that Lavals reactions do not concern It Thursday an authoritative Washington source said agreement had been reached already with Ad miral Robert for Immobilization or the French aircraft carrier Beam and cruisers Emile Bertln and Jeanne at Martinique Disposition of some tons of merchant ships there Li said to be another subject of Points Out Vichy Promise Laval said that the French war ships at Martinique were In point of fact already immobilized and that Vichy had agreed to give United States a guaranty only not to aggravate the strain on French American relations He added that Immobilization of the ships will not in any case permit handing them over to any foreign the Unit ed paying he had waited three days In vain for Washington to make public a response sent by Vichy May 13 to the American demands Laval read the complete text of the American note given to Admiral Robert He stressed that Admiral Robert was acting under direct orders ol government despite Washing ions efforts to bypass Vichy In tho negotiations He remarked with a wistful smile My presence in the French gov ernment docs not exactly appear o Inspire the entire confidence ot the Washington Leeds England May 18 the cheers of thousands ot York shire workers Prime Minister Churchill declared today that United Nations have sighted thd ridge beyond which the road downhill to victory Moreover he warned the enemy that British and empire soldiers now hnvo ample weapons well courage nnd ran play rough too if he plays rough Still a Climb Ahead Standing on the steps of town hall before a huge Union Jaclt Churchill told a crowd of that we have reached tlio period In war when It would be premature to say we have topped the ridge but we see the rldgc ahead The United Nations will come to ths top of the ridge and then they will have a chance not only of beat ing down and subduing those evil forces which had twice let ruin and havoc on the world but they will have a further and grander and grander prospect beyond the smoke of battle and confusion of he added Ready to Meet the Han The enemy Is not so ready to come to this island because he knows our arrangements for meet Ing him which are Improving la power and efficiency every Churchill declared Moreover a large the German air force Is engaged on the Russian front the prime ter added The cause of the United he said appeals to all those not already gripped by tyranny or duccd to Its Insidious This cause is shared by all millions of our couslngs across the Atlantic who are preparing night and day to have their will and rights he went on Nearer Equality Churchill declared that from now on the war would not be men against men armed but fight of a people not only with re oolve and a who also He promised thai the United Na tions would have to make and flghl their way and it Is sure and certain that our perseverance will see us through these dark and dangerous valleys Into sunlight more lasting than mankind has ever Washington Briefs í By the Associated Press American consumero are cuttlnn down their Installment debts at the rate of a quarter billion dollars a month the Federal Reserve board estimated today The board which Li curbing such credit through regulations on down payments and time limits for yliiR balances said that the cut Is rcultlng botli from Its own regu lations and the decreased supply of things that can be bought on cred it Payments on old debts are run ning far away oí new obligations The public actually Is buying more merchandise thnn It ever did before but more and more pur chases the board said are being paid for either by cash or short term credit j Marine Hero Maj James P S Devereux Ma rine commander on Wake island when that outpost was taken by the Japanese Is alive and well In Shanghai his relatives here wers Informed today by a Red Cross message Schoeppel Friend Open Campaigns Topeka May 16 Friend and Andres Schoeppel Republican candidates for governor who got helr campaigns formally under way his week will work In Eastern Sansas next week Friend said he would be in To 3cka the first several days for a meeting of the legislative council otherwise his schedule was uncer Schoeppels headquarters an nounced he would be In Bourbon A drive against proposals com pelling joint Income tax returns by husbands and wives started today less than 24 hours after the house ways and means committee ap proved the joint return plnn which congress rejected last year The treasury Kays joint returns would add to the na tions chest Opposition de veloped among lawmakers from th nine community proaerty states of Louisiana Texas New Mexico Arizona California Washington Oregon Nevada and Oklahomn Representatives West Gcarhart and other law makers from the nine states pre dicted they would be able to de feat the Joint Income tax proposal Army Start With Furlough The selective service system Is go Ing to make it easier for men in ducted Into the army to adjust their personal affairs before beginning active duty Effective June 15 nn official an nouncement said today all regis trants who so drslre will be trans ferred to an enlisted reserve corps immediately on induction snd sent home at government expense for 14 days to arrange their business family affairs They tIM Wlj ill JJIJU1 WÍ1 t Allen Anderson Linn and Wyan U1R1 dotte counties nnd would close the TTiTT week at Wichita attending the state Kkl1 LOAD bar convention Both candidates headquarters Bitter agri opened Topeka Cnne and attorney is chairman of the Schoepj jel for governor committee State Sen Albert Cole of Kolton was named Friends campaign The corera by aid decreased la Fred J Scott Topeku Msy cultura empomnt s f 03 j r reducwin csses 1941 to 1942 family ynits receiving W to Ja during year I   

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