Belleville Telescope, October 31, 1878

Belleville Telescope

October 31, 1878

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Issue date: Thursday, October 31, 1878

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Publication name: Belleville Telescope

Location: Belleville, Kansas

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Years available: 1870 - 2005

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Belleville Telescope (Newspaper) - October 31, 1878, Belleville, Kansas VOL. YI—NO. I I.BELLEVILLE, REPUBLIC CO., KANSAS, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 31, 1878. WHOLE NO. 274.The Belleville Telescope. IS PUBLISHED Every Thursday Morning At Belleville, the County Seat of Republic County, Kansas. J. C. HUMPHREY, Editor and Propr. Terms, S2 a Year In Advance. Kates of Advertising. I.cKal advertisements ll per square each insertion. Profess onal and other cards, lier year $10, payable quarterly. One-fourth column one year, $20; six months, $15; three months $0. One-half column, one year. $60; six months $30: three mouths $15. Om column one year $loo; six months, $50; throe mouths. $25. Local notices IO cents per lino. N. T. VAN NATTA, Attohney;at Law md County Attorney. Belleville Kan win practice null thcjjyurts of the State. Office in the CourtTTouse.    53—    f J. A, LINVILLE. Attorney at Lwv, Bellville. Republic County, Kansas. Will practice in all tho Courts of the State. Criminal Law a Specialty.    192—tfW. H. PILKENTON. Attorney at Law nnd Notary Public. Prompt a‘-tention to all lewd business entrusted to him. Office in the Court House, second room, Belleville, Kansas. 27tf T. M. NOBLE" Attorney at Law, Bellevlle, Kansas, will practice in all the Courts of the Twelfth Judicial District. All business pert .-lining to the profession promptly attended to.    232—tfA. E. TAYLOR. " Attorney at Law. Belleville, Kansas, will practice in all the Courts of tho State. All business entrusted to my care will receive prompt ami car. fill attention. Beal Estate bought and sold o I commission. Collections a specialty, and proceeds promptly remitted. Ida —rf RELLEVILLE LIVERY, SALE AND FEED STABLES. Having purchased the barn and stables formerly owned by J. H. Bradd, and added to the business several teams and new buggies, I am now prepared to furnish flrSt-classrigs at reasonable rates. 71-tt__F.    N.    MUNGER.BLACKSMITH SKOP! Northwest Corner Public Square, BELLEVILLE, -    - KANSAS. The undersigned bogs leave to return thanks to his old customers for tho patronage extended when formerly in business ut this place, and now takes pleasure In informing tho public generally that he has turain opened up on the northwest corner of the Public Squaro whore he is prepared to do ail work in his line, guaranteeing satisfaction. Horseshoeing a Specialty. O'All work protnjt’y attended, 231-th    W.    C.    ALLEN.The Old Stand. Southwest Corner Public Square. The undersigned begs leave to thank bls customers for their patronage and by fair dealing anil closo attention to t uclnees hopes to merit a continuance of tho same. CARRIAGE WORkT PLOW WORK, HORSE SHOEING, And all kinds of general job wink that can be done in any Blacksmith Shop. ty*Done in a Neat and Substantial Manner. With competent assistance I shall be prepared to do all your work promptly and ut reasonable rates. 49*Remembeb the place Southwest Corner Public Square. 210-tf.    ED.    KNOWLES. NEW Boot and Shoe Shop, West Side Public Square. BELLEVILLE,    -    -    KANSAS. The undersigned begs leave to return thanks to his old customers tor tho patronage extended when formerly in business at this place, and now takes 'pleasure in informing the public generally that he has again opened upcn tho west side of tho Public Square whore ho is prepared to do All Kinds of Work! In the Boot and Shoe-making line. **“A11 work warranted, aud at as low rates as any other shop In tho west. 146-tf.    CHAS.    COUNTER.daniel Miller. Manufacturer of and dealer InBoots and Shoes, North side of Public Square, BELLEVILLE -    - KANSAS. All work done on tho shortest possible notice, and satisfaction guaranteed. REPAIRING Promptly attended to. TERMS REASONABLE AND STRICTLY CASH. 114 TOPICS OF THE TIME. Many thousand bales of cotton will be lost at the South for want of pickers.FURNITUBE! I tako pleasure In announcing to my friends (of which I flatter myself I have my full share) that I am now prepared to, and shall keep on hand, a class of such furnl ture as is In general use. which I will sell as low as can be bought wost of tho Missouri. I also will make to order all kinds of Book Cases, Desks, <fco.,&c. My long experience In. and knowledge of tine work, has convinced mo. and nearly, lf not all, of my acquaintances that, for neatness and style, I •J® beat; and will not be undersold (tor the same class of work) by any wost of the Mississippi river, or south bf tho Arctic ocean. Come and soc F. N. I am also In tho undertaking business. I Keep -'instantly on hand every size of first class Coffins. ^■^Bhop south side Public Square, Bil e JHI# i Kansas , I am at vour service. F, N. KART. I up. frost has effectually broken the back bone of the yellow fever plague in the South. Hard times in England are affecting unfavorably the foreign markets for American produce. MEDICAi, science ought to be equal at least, to a plausible explanation of the yellow fever plague. WISTED hog slaughtering has begun. The feature so far is low prices, with a downward tendency. The Glasgow bank catastrophe promises to yield a clop of the most delightful complications for the lawyers. Wiliielmnoms Castle, where Napoleon III. was confined, is now tho retreat of Bxuperor William. Sitting Bull has not yet gotten over his fatal and chronic weakness of being about to come back. A special train recently passed from Omaha to San Francisco at the rate of forty miles an hour for the whole distance. Oms by one the teeth are being drawn out of Bismarck's anti-Socialist bill. By the time it becomes a law it will be comparatively useless. Angier Chace, the Fall River defaulter, has been put to straightening out refuse cotton-boo]', irons by the Warden ct the Penitentiary. The Warden says he is getting fat on it. Ik Newark, New Jersey, two policemen have been arrested for stealing chickens. If John Morrissey were living he would probably agree that “reform is necessary’’ in Newark. When the yellow fever relief boat readied Helena on its mission of mercy down Die Mississippi, it was not allowed to land, the citizens turning out with shotguns to prevent it. The Washington correspondent of the New Orleans Democrat declares that the October elections secure the election of Speaker to the South, and that Joe Blackburn is the coming man. Ex-Gov. Morgan, of New York, is likely to come to the front as a Republican Presidential candidate in I SSO.    If New York should unite upon him, he would be formidable candidate. We se:* i» stated that tho stockholders of the New York San had a meeting the other day. at which they resolved that Mr. Dana must either stop the “Hayes fraud” cry or withdraw, and he chose the latter. Warsaw, Ills., is intensely excited over the doings of body-snatchers at that place, seven graves having been robbed there within the past week. It is getting so that there is no sort of comfort in dying now-a-days. It is a remarkable fact that no less tluui eleven chairmen of committees in the present House of Representatives have failed to be returned to the Forty-sixth Congress, either through defeat in conventions or at the polls. Returns from October to the Department of Agriculture at Washington figure up an increase in wheat yield, or a total of 400,000,000 bushels. Tho com crop promises I,JKX),OOO,OOO bushels. Tho oats yield will be larger than even-. Dr. Gardner clearly demonstrated forty years ago that steamships could never cross the Atlantic, and the American Gaslight Association announce with entire complacency that electricity can never be made available for general use in an illuminator. The report of the Commission which has just completed an investigation of the affairs of the Bank of the City of Glasgow is a shocking tale for the unfortunate shareholders of that institution as well as a sad commentary on the dish most practices of its officers. The report that the people of Memphis have begun preparations for the next Mardi Gnus we undertake to doubt. Southern cities will not lose anything in the esteem of the country if, under the circumstances, they give the Mardi Gras a rest for a season or two. M its. Mary Mares Dodge has returned to the active management of St. Nicholas, after a long vacation and a journey to California. It is understood that one long article and two poems will be eon-contributed by lie. to the forthcoming November number.NEWS OF THE WEEK. Scribner & Co., by the publication of St. Nicholas for the young people are doing much to supplant the vicious literature for boys and girls, which is sent broadcast over the land. Its contents are hcalthtul and morally sustaining without being stooped or dull. Every youth in the country should take St. Nicholas. CRIMINALITIES. CAPTURED AT LAST. The St. Joe Herald of Sunday says: “Tho startling information reached the Herald yesterday afternoon of the arrest of the notorious gang of train robbers who entered the express car of one of the night trains on the Kansas City, Bt. Joe & Council Bluffs railroad about six weeks ago. How the high-handed piece of business was adroitly done by four men, just after leaving Winthrop Junction, is already well known to our readers, a full report having appeared in the Herald at the time. The amount taken was about $5,000. A large reward was at once offered by the railroad and express companies for the arrest of the robbers and the return of the money. A number of the best detectives in the west were at once set to work and the caseliaB been thoroughly looked up. Any number of vague reports have been circulated to the effect that the robbers had been captured but they have proven to be false. There is not a bit of doubt but that at least one of the men is now in the toils and that he will soon have justice meted out to him. At an early hour yesterday morning a bold attempt was made to rob a passenger train on the Kansas Pacific railroad, about 150 miles west of Kansas City. It proved ineffectual, and in the melee that ensued, one of the robbers, Mike Rourkc by name, the leader of the gang, waR captured. Another of the gang, Dan Dement, was shot in the back, but escaped to the brush. The rest of the gang managed to get away. The robber was taken to Kansas City and was there fully identified as the leader of the gang that made a heavy haul on the Bluffs road. Rourkc has but little to say and takes his arrest rather coolly. He is the leader of a gang of desperadoes that has been operating throughout the West and South for a number of years. A DRUNKEN DEVIL. A young man by tho name of Noil, met a well to do old farmer in a saloon at Burk City, back of Owensboro, Ky., and they drank together and became quito jovial and friendly. Neil bought whisky and started home with the farmer whose name is Gahart to spend the night at his house. Neil invited the old man to drink, when young Gahart interposed; knives were drawn on both sides, but Neil got the advantage and plunged his weapon into his antagonist. At this point the mother of the victim rushed to the monster and begged him for the life of lier helpless boy. Neil wheeled upon the mother and drove his knife into her left breast, causing instant death. The drunken wretch ripped young Gahart open so that the -entrails protruded. A younger son of the old farmer who came to the rescue suffered severe flesh wounds, while the fiend himself received dangerous wounds. The murderer fled to the house of Lewis Walls and eluded capture until Monday, when he was secured and put under two thousand dollars bonds. He expresses sorrow for nothing but the death of Mrs. Gahart. A HORRIBLE CRIME. A murder of the most horrible character was committed in Indianapolis on the ICth. Mrs. Mattie Farrel, a widow G8 years old, living in what is known as the “Potomac” quarter of the city, was found beside her bed with great clots of blood oozing through lier hair. An examination of the body showed a gash four inches long on the right temple, and the head and face considerably bruised and neck broken. Henry Langrade, a worthless character and son of Mrs. Farrel by her first husband, has been arrested on suspicion. An inquest is now in progress. PROTECT THE INDIANS. Gen. <>. O. Howard telegraphs from Fart Vancouver that a Umatilla Indian was murdered on the 29 tilt, by white nom, and that the Umatillns have within three weeks lost fifty horses, taken by whites. He asks: Cannot the United States District Attorney be instructed by the Attorney-General to attend to this and other cold-blooded murders of Indians by white men? A lew examples of such justice would do more for peace than a whole summer’s campaign. The foregoing was endorsed by Gen. Sherman. STAGE STOPP; as. The Galveston Ne irs special from Fort Worth states; The stage leaving here for Weatherford, was stopped 15 miles east of the latter place by two masked men. The mail pouches were cut open and the contents rifled. One male and two female passengers were stripped of valuables. DENIES THE CHARGE. Samuel J. TildciThas issued a card relating to the recent publications of cipher telegrams in the New York Tribune. Tilden says: "I have no knowledge of the existence of theso telegrams nor any information about them except what has been derived from or since the publications of them in the Tribune." *A POISONED WEDDING SUPPER. At Hic wedding supper of Willis [’cele and Alice Burdge, at Azalia, Ind., ten of tho party were poisoned, some unknown person having put strychnine in the food. It is surmised that one of Miss Bnrdge’s rejected suitors committed the deed. The whole :u inagement of tho City of Glasgow Bank—eight in number—have been arrested, and are in jail. Their crime consists in throwing away thirty-one millions of dollars belonging to other people. The Scotch are a terribly practical race. In some quarters of the globe a set of bank managers who had actually squandered $31,000,000 without anybody suspecting it would be thought remarkable financiers, and perhaps sent to Congress. CASUALTIES. A PARTY DROWNED. Two young ladies named Ellen and Georgia Hughey, two children of Calvin Martin, and a young man named Melver, were drowned near Sanford. The party of six was returning on a wagon from camp meeting, and the road which was overflowed runs by a lake and the horses strayed into deep water and upset the vehicle. TANIC AT A WEDDING. During a marriage at the Colored Baptist church, at Lynchburg, Va., which was crowded to its utmost capacity, a piece of plastering fell creating a panic of the most dreadful character. The bodies of ten women have been already taken out. The Hounded being sent to their homes. POLITICAL. REDUCED. Official returns have been received on the vote for Secretary of State for all the Ohio counties except Hamilton and Washington, and reliable unofficial figures from nil the counties, which makes Barnes' majority for Secretary of State 3,154. tammany’s nomination. Tammany Hall has nominated Augustus Schell for Mayor. THE FEVER SCOURGE. NOBLE SENTIMENTS KROM A HOUTH EHN I •£. Hon. John F, House, of Nashville, Tenn., has been unanimously re-nomiimto-l a s candidate for Congress by the Democracy. In his speech acknowledging the compliment he said:    “In    the next contest between the two great parties, they will divide upon governmental policy and without sectional animosity, and sectional hatred will be eliminated from the contest. So far as the South is concerned I am certain that such will be the case. I cannot, fellow citizens, find it in my heart to indulge in feelings of mnlice toward the people of tho North when I witness their magnanimous and gracious conduct toward the Southern people. I feel like pulling off my hat and standing uncovered in their presence. O! grander than the victory of Appo-matox is the victory won by the people of the North in their noble and generous contributions to the stricken and suffering South! Upon that fatal field the South surrendered her sword. Within the shadow of the dark wing of the pestilence, beside the new made Sraves of her heroic sons and daughters, with owed head and tearful eyes she extends her hand and surrenders her heart to the gracious and magnanimous North. God’s own hand has bridged the bloody chasm. Let not the am* bition of man seek to re-open the wounds and to rekindle the embers of sectional strife. Let us go into the great contest of 1880 without any of these elements of sectional bitterness. Of course we will be divided as to the question of governmental policy, but with that clement eliminated from the contest, the representatives of the South can stand upon the floor of Congress as the peer of any from the Northern States and can look to the material development of his own section, to the enlargement of commercial relations and make the Southern people more prosperous. With fraternity and harmony restored, this great country can march on to a more glorious and illustrious future than has been seen in the past.” SUPPLIES STOPPED. To generous friends north, east and west: The Peabody subsistence association of New Orleans, returns to each and all sincere thanks for the noble generosity exhibited in furnishing money and provisions for our distressed; no further funds will be needed. [Signed |    F.    Dalhonde,    Pres’t. A HERO DEAD. Lieutenant Benner, commander of the relief boat which was sent down the Mississippi loaded with supplies for the yellow fever sufferers in small towns along the river, was stricken with the fever at Vicksburg and died. His funeral was impressive. FOREIGN NEWS. TUE GLASGOW BANK FAILURE. The Times in a financial article, commenting oil the official report of the investigators in the affairs of Orth, of the Glasgow Bank, says: The shareholders will now have some light thrown upon the condition of the bank’s affairs, and a most sombre light it is. The bank has lost on a moderate’and probably favorable estimate $0,200,000. That is a most disastrous statement for the unhappy shareholders, and we need hardly say that a loss of such magnitude could never have fallen on them but for reckless mismanagement to begin with, and the deliberate and long continued fraud practiced to hide that mismanagement. MADE A RAID. The Indian, Civil and Military Gazette, states that the British have made a raid upon Wavering, a border village, and captured four chiefs who are held as hostages. A dispatch from Kassarali, states that it is reported that the Viceroy will not be content with a simple apology, but will require the Ameer to come to Pcshawur. HEADQUARTERS. Odessa on the Black Sea, Russian, is the stronghold of the Nihilists. There are 310 of them in prison there who will soon be tried for offences against the Government, and Siberia is likely to have an accession of population. BEFRIENDING THE JEWS. It is reported that England, Italy and France have informed the Belgrade government they will not recognize the Servian independence until the civil and political equality of the Jews is proclaimed. FURLOUGH ORDER. A Berlin dispatch says the Czar has issued nkas ordering tiiat military furloughs shall only be granted for particularly urgent reasons and iii any case not to extend beyond February. England's intercessor. The Sultan has informed Minister Bayard that he lins written to the Ameer of Afghanistan, calling upon him as a good Mussulman to come to an amicable arrangement with England. TUE SILVER MARKET. The London Timer, iii its financial article, says even at 5:L’d per ounce, the silver market is very unsettled and unsteady, aud only scarcity of bars prevents a sharp depreciation. THE AUKER. The Ameer of Afghanistan is endeavoring to raise a religious war among the Moha medulla of Central Asia against Europe. AID FROM GERMANY. The Emperor William of Germany has sent 3,000 reichmarks, about $700, as a contribution for the yellow fever sufferers. REI.IEF. Minister Noyes forwarded $4,000 for tho relief of the yellow fever sufferers. GENERALITIES. AN IMPORTANT RAILROAD DECISION. An important case of the Kansas Pacific railroad company was decided at Leavenworth last week. The whole question of the company’s affairs came up before Justice Miller, of the United States Supreme court, and Judge Foster, of the United States District court, sitting in the Supreme court chambers in Washington, as the Circuit court of the United States for the district of Kansas. The matter came into court under the suit of Adolphus Meyer, trustee, and the first mortgage bondholders of the Kansas Pacific railway against the Kansas Pacific company in its corporate capacity to foreclose the mortgage on account of default in interest. The immediate matter at issue and upon which a decision has been expected for some days was the petition of D. M. Edgerton, acting president of the company, for the removal of Henry Villard one of the receivers of the road. In the course of Judge Miller’s opinion, which was a written one, he said that it was not proper that there should be two receivers, because of the contentions which were likely to and did arise between them; that Mr. Greeley who was charged with misconduct, had relieved the court of embarrassment by submitting himself to its judgment entirely; that it was not proper that so great and important a property should be administered by two receivers, one of whom was over three hundred and the other more than a thousand miles away from the property; that an office in New York was unnecessary, and the expenses of the receivership in New York, as administered by Mr. Villard, were excessive; that it is not impossible in the court’s judgment to find some person within the jurisdiction of the court in which this propety is situated who can both give a good and sufficient bond, and who can manage this property honestly, economically and profitably, and this should be done. Judge Foster, in the delivery of his opinion, reviewed the circumstances under which the appointment of the receivers was first made in the State court and the reasons then adduced for the making of it. He concurred fully in the opinion of Judge Miller, and ordered that the two receivers be discharged to retain their positions for a reasonable but brief time, until one receiver could be appointed aud qualified to succeed them. An appointment will probably be made soon, though it is not likely, the different interests can agree. THE NEW RECEIVER OF THE KANSAS PACIFIC. United States District Judge Foster sitting at Leavenworth, in pursuance of the order of Associate Justice Miller, bn recommendation of W. J. Player and T. A. Hurd, representing the trustees, and Wallace Pratt, representing the New York committee of bondholders, and A. L. Williams, representing the K. P. railroad company, appointed Sylvester T. Smith, of Kansas City, the present auditor of the road, to be receiver of the Kansas Pacific. This appointment is claimed as a victory for Oakes, the present superintendent, as opposed to Jay Gould and will result in breaking up the present combination and pooling with the Union Pacific railroad company. It is also claimed as a part of the compromise that J. P. Usher shall be retained as one of the general solicitors of the road. The order directs that all the general offices shall be transferred to the State of Kansas. Ono party claims that Smith will not make a bona. fide removal of the general offices into Kansas, while others claim that he will comply with the order of the court, both in the letter and the spirit of the order. The appointment has been the eubjeot of muoh canvassing and it is thought that Smith will act impartially and honestly and give general satisfaction. THE A., T. AND 8. I'. Particulars have become known concerning the lease of the Denver & Bio Grande railroad by the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe road for thirty years. The lease takes effect Dec. I. Tho Denver & Bio Grande receives forty-three per cent, of the gross earnings, decreasing one per cent. yearly, and will receive thirty-seven per cent, from the seventh to the fourth year. The San Juan silver mines arc to be opened through the grand canon of the Arkansas, and ultimate designs are to connect with the Kansas Pacific. The transaction is regarded as a defeat of Jay Gould, and warm competition with the Union Pacific for the freight traffic is predicted. INDIAN DANGERS. A gentleman from the Kleketat country on the Pacific slope, reports serious trouble anticipated with the Indians, who were becoming insolent and demonstrative and are preparing, it is generally believed, for an attack upon the white settlers as soon as an opportunity shall present itself. Th* breach between them and the settlers is being widened ever}’ day, and both parties are arming themselves for an outbreak. MASONIC ELECTION. Tho following grand officers of the Grand Lodge were elected in the annual session of the Grand Lodge of Kansas, at Atchison: E. D. Hillyer, of Valley Fall, G. M.; D. Byington, of Leavenworth, D. G. M.; Joseph McCarty, of Fort Scott, G. 8. W.; A. D. Mc-Connaughy, of Atchison, G. J. W.; Christain Beck, of Leavenworth, G. F. A.; John H. Brown, of Wvandott, G. S. SECRET BALLOT. Judge Brill, of Minnesota, decides that so much of the election law passed last winter as requires the numbering of ballots to correspond with a numbered poll list is unconstitutional because opposed to the principles of secret ballot. The law iH peculiarly stringent and has attracted much attention. ORANGEMEN ACQUITTED. The Orangemen of Montreal were acquitted on the charge of forming an illegal assembly on the 12th of July last. Judge Bamsay charged the jury to acquit OU the ground that assembling iii lodge room was not illegal. RUINED BY SPECULATION. Assistant United States District Attorney Hoxie, of Brooklyn, has resigned and made a written confession that he has lost in Wall street moneys entrusted to him as government official; the amount is believed to be large. ANTI-CHI NESE. The constitutional convention adopted resolutions to memorialize the President and Senate of the United States to so mortify the Burlingame treaty as to prohibit Chinese immigration. FAREWELL TO BUFFERIN'. Notwithstanding the worst storm of the season, thousands of citizens of Quebec turned out to say farewell to Governor-General Duf-ferin, who sailed for England. TILDEN TO MAURY, l’lto Globe Democrat announces that Samuel J. Tilden is engaged to be married to a St. Louis belle and that the wedding will take place within three months. THE MARKETS. WEEKLY OKAIN REVIEW. We arc indebted to Moasis, byrnie, Wright & Co., of Kansas City, for the following reliable review of the grain trade: Wheat—Transactions in our home markets during the week past have been attended by rapid fluctuations varying nt times during the trading bourn from I hi @2bjc a bushel. Increasing stocks in sight and further failures of large shipping houses in England have been made the factors by the "bearish” clement of preventing any reaction to a higher range of values. The markets in spring wheat, however, have advanced fully 2c a bushel since our last review, and winter wheat, which has suffered less than spring, has advanced Ic. Liverpool advices quoted “spot" wheat firmer and "cargoes to arrive” six peace to one shilling per quarter higher, with a continued good demand foi the Continent. The previous reports of damaged French wheat are fully borne out by the deliveries in French home markets, much of which is so unfit for food as to be unsaleable. jNor is there any improvement from previous reports of Bussian wheat, which has been pouring into Marseilles from the Black Bm. Out of stocks now warehoused at this port aud estimated at 8.000,000 bus. not more than one-quarter is considered to be sound milling wheat. Shipments of our best qualities on arrival in French ports go immediately into consumption and French stocks have at no point been increased by American wheat though France has received an immense part of the 54,000,000 bus. shipped from our shores during the past thirteen weeks. The quality of our winter wheat continues to attract the greater attention and later in the season must command a greater premium over spring wheat. More favorable reports are coining from the Northwest. The first shipments threshed from the stock produced an unfavorable impression on the market, but later threshings of grain that has passed through the sweat in the stacks, shows excellent color and has none of that toughness that made so much of the rejected grade. This will strengthen confidence in our spring wheat in foreign markets. The question of future values we still hold—as in our previous review —is one under the control of our own producers. At a time when commercial disaster is unsettling values of productions throughout Great Britain, and prices of breadstuffs have found a level not known before for nearly a score of years, will we continue to force on present market our surplus product, or withhold for a later and certain appreciation in values ? Corn— Beceipts at interior jaunts during the past week have fallen off and “visible supply” shows a reduction from 11,035,074 bus. to 9,803,943 bus. Foreign markets are reported sixpence per quarter higher. Our home markets arc unchanged. The prospects of a free movement of the new crop during the next month and afterward prevents any appreciation. Bye—Iii values of this cercal there has been an improvement of Ie a bushel. Exports for the week were light and movement from producers hands to market the same as during previous week. Oats—A slight improvement in prices of this grain has taken place in sympathy with all feeding stuffs and a generally lighter movement. % TOTAXION#. Kansas City—Grain—Wheat, No. it, cash, 68%c; No. 2, 7114<\ Corn—Sales for the year, 24c. Bye, No. 2, 31c bid. Oats, No. 2, 18c bid. Live Stock—Native stockers, [email protected] Colorado native steers, $2.70(^2.75. Colorado Texas steers, [email protected] Native feeders, [email protected] Hogs, $2.90(a.3.00. General Markets—Apples, from wagon, good to choice, [email protected] per bushel; On orders, [email protected] per barrel. Butter, choice dairy, 17c; fancy, 18c; fair, 12c. Beans,choice, $2.00 per bus.; mixed, [email protected] Eggs, ll @12e. Potatoes, from wagon, [email protected] Sweet potatoes, from wagon, per bushel, yellow, 75o @$1.10; red, 65c@$1.00. . St. Louis—Wheat, Oct., 82^c; Nor., 8344c; Dec., 84%c. Corn, Oct., 3l%c; Nov., 32c; Dec., [email protected]%c. Milwaukee—Wheat, steady; 81 cash and Oct.; 82%c Nov.; 84%c Dec. Chicago—Wheat, Nov., 82b(c; Dec., 83%c. Corn, Nov., 34Wc bid; Dee., [email protected]%c. Red winter wheat,Nov.,8<5%c bid, 87c asked; Dec, 88Wc bld, 884j)C asked. New York—Wheat, quiet; No. 2 Chicago, 93c; No. 2 Milwaukee, [email protected]; No. 2 red winter, [email protected] Corn, quiet; steamer, 47c; No. 3, 43J^c; No. 2, 47We. Baltimore—Wheat, quiet at $1.00. Corn, firm flit 46Wc» Liverpool—Wheat, Arm; winter, 8s [email protected] Corn, new, [email protected] 3d. London—Coniols, 9815‘10@941-10- GERM DISEASES. GENERAL NOTES. The Theory of the Propagation aud Spread of Contagion. From the Philadelphia Times. Professor Joseph G. Richardson, of the University of Pennsylvania, delivered a learned lecture last evening before the Social Science Association on the subject of “Germ Diseases.” The hall of the College of Physicians, at Thirteenth and Locust streets, was comfortably filled. The lecture was rather too technical to be of interest to the general reader. The Professor had prepared for the benefit of members of the press an “abstract,” covering foui-teen closely-written pages of foolscap. The following is a summary of what tne Professor said:    The germ theory profess es to account for the phenomena of smallpox, yellow fever, typhoid fever, relapsing foyer, measles, scarletina, diphtheria, chi "ken-pox,{erysipelas, etc., by attributing them to the more or less mechanical irritation and other disturbances set up by masses of spores or mycelial threads, developing in the blood and in the affected tissues. The lecturer did not think that it was proved that the minute vegetable organization discovered in connection with contagious diseases were the causes, but expressed the belief that it would be proved at no distant day. He reviewed the chief evidences in favor of the germ theory, and quoted from several eminent foreign pathologists who have lately advocated this doctrine, and paid a tribute to Professor Tyndall for the good work he has accomplished in awakening popular attention to the connection between dust (which consists largely of germs) and disease. The lecturer thought that general benefit would result from it being understood by every man, woman and child that the contagion of emall-pox, yellow fever, typhoid fever, scarlet fever, measles, diphtheria, cholera, etc., is probably composed of exceedingly minute seeds, called spores —so small that a mass the diameter of one of the dots or periods (.) upon a printed page might contain over fifty millions. Each one of these fifty millions of seeds is capable, under favorable circumstances, of reproducing its kind with almost inconceivable rapidity. So that, supposing, for example, the. zygodesimus of Prof. Letzerich is really the morbific agent causing diphtheria, a particle of the grayish false membrane which appears in the throat of patients ill with this complaint, although no bigger than the dot mentioned, might contain separate seeds enough to infect every inhabitant of the whole continent ot North America. The obvious deductions from these facts strengthen the urgent recommendations of sanitarians that every effort should be made to prevent these morbific germs from being let loose, and when they have made their escape to destroy all spores likely to come in contact with unprotected persons. Each individual affected with sinai 1-pox or any other of the diseases mentioned is. according to this theory, to be looked upon as a sort of hotbed or forcing house for the seeds or spores of that malady. The lecturer said that one of the most, mischievous popular errors, which a general acceptance of tile germ theory would necessarily subvert, is the belief that small-pox and other contagious maladies often v ;;:;e without previous exposure to the seeds of disease. The germ theory teaches that every new case ot contagious maladies is the immediate offspring of st preceding ease and the direct result of exposure to the chance of having the spores implanted iii the system—an exposure which it only required sufficient knowledge, foresight and care to avoid. In regard to public hygiene, its importance is only surpassed by its simplicity. For such contagious and infectious maladies it is: Avoid at any cost the entrance into communities of living spores or seeds of disease. Sanitary authorities should be armed with almost despotic power in order that they may shut out or kill every one of those actually visible or even tangible seeds of disease. Quarantine, disinfection and prolonged detention of persons, with disinfection or total destruction of goods from infected districts, is the right of the many at the expense of the few. The ChineMe Plan of Doctoring, 3 The Chinese plan of paying the doctor a stipulated sum, periodically, to keep one well instead of feeing him after one is sick, is practiced with modifications in some parts of this country. A physician of Springfield, Massachusetts, has for two years past entered jntoan arrangement with some fifty patients by which he is paid a small yearly fee for giving hygienic advice, and for suggesting preventives of disease. If one of these patients becomes ill the doctor visits him at half rates. The Chinese physician tinder similar circumstances, receives no compensation whatever, and his regular salary ceases until the patient recovers. It will be seen that Springfield is not quite up to the Chinese standard in the way of furnishing inducements to doctors to prevent instead of to cure disease. Nevertheless, the plan is an improvement on the ordinary system which requires that other people must fall sick or the doctor must starve. The Medical and Surgical Reporter recommends the suggestion which the experiment furnishes, and points out that by it, adoption the physician acquires it knowledge of his patient's system and habits of health, often amutter of great importance to proper treatment. It is suggested as an improvement on the Springfield plan that where one of the doctor’s charges falls ill through the deliberate violation of the hygienic principles impressed upon him, he should pay double fees instead of the half rates which lie would otherwise be charged. Some Misplarrd Kames. From the New York Timer. A very curious chapter might be written upon the contrast between many noted localities and the name which they bear, a contrast so glaring in many eases as to suggest a prophetic irony on the part of those who named them. Salem (peace) afterward lengthened into Jerusalem, harmonizes ill with the associations of a spot which has witnessed the multiplied horrors of the three bloodiest sieges in history. Tile Louvre, now one of the great monuments of civilization in its highest form, literally signifies, “place of wolves,” with which its site once abounded. The muddiest of Asiatic rivers is styled “Clear Stream” (Syr-Daria), and Russia’s oldest city is still New Town (Novgorod), in memory of its rank as capital of Rurie’s newly founded state in 879. Sebastopol, an abbreviation of the Greek words sehas-tes polis (august city) looks anything but august at present, with its crumbling defenses, halt-destroyed docks, and long lines of roofless houses. Billingsgate, now a by-word for the lowest vulgarity, originally took its name from Prince Belin; and the capital of Russian-Turkistan, which stands in the midst of a clayey plain, and contains not a single stone which has not been brought from a distance, bears the unaccountable title of “Stone Village” (Twhkead), A $3,000 nugget is reported to have been found at Cassiar, British Columbia, where the gold yield is increasing. Tramps in the south are burning cotton-gins where the proprietors will not pay them a dollar a hundred for picking cotton. The United States will probably have a surplus of 120,000,000 bushels of wheat from the crop of 1878 available for export to Europe. The Galveston News says it is all a mistake about Longley killing thirty-two men. He killed only eight, and yet they hanged him for such a trifle! Pious people have in contemplation the erection of a memorial chapel in the Yosemite valley, as a monument|toGod. The stock is to be floated by the Sunday-s*hool children. No less than thirty barns, with their contents, have been burned in the Willamette valley, Oregon, during ihe past six weeks. It ig.a singular fact that while for the eight months ending Aug. 31 we imported only $25,000 of railroad iron from Great Britain, the imports of fleer and ale amounted to $264,400. They have fiat money iii Buenos Ayres, and prices of clothing run aa follows: “Men’s suits of clothing, $700; children’s suits $150; a gold dollar there is worth $31.95 in paper. The Winnipeg Free Press reports the discovery of gold in paying quantities by two experienced miners in Battle river, at tilt* foot bridge crossing at Battle ford, British northwest territory. A Brookline, Mass., youngster of 6 eloped with a little girl schoolmate, the other day, and went as far as Boston, where the couple got lost in the labyrinth of streets, and were finally sent home. All the powers, with Hie exception ot Germany, have signified to the Roumanian government their acquiescence in the assumption of the title of “Royal Highness” by the prince of Rouniania. A Bridgeport, Conn., man suffering from delirium tremens, jumped into the liver the other day to rescue a couple of imaginary persons that he thought were drowning, and had to be helped out himself. A Providence swindler coolly sold a house to which he had no claim, and received $2700 for the forged title. The owner first learned of the sale when the supposed purchaser ordered him to wove out. A bee-master at Keswick, England, wanting to sell his hives, advertised: “Extensive sale of live stock, comprising not less than 140.000 head, with unlimited right of pasturage.” The trick succeeded admirably. Thirty deserters from the Mexican army came to Rio Grande City in two days recently. and more are expected. The soldiers say they have no money, and but little to eat, and have never been paid a cent. Of the 5,136 immigrants who arrived in New York during September, 2,428 were from Germany, 2,077 from England, anti 1,415 from Ireland, 375 from Scotland, 633 fiom Sweden, 450 frow hance! and 398 from Russia. A gentleman of Manchester, England, is negotiating for the purchase of a ranch in Los Angeles county, California. He proposes to bring over a colony of fifty persons, each of whom is to contribute £1 ,-OOO to a common fund. A negro 70 years of age and weighing over three hundred pounds, passed through Union, Oregon, a few days ago, on foot, bound for tile lumber districts of Puget Sound. During the past summer he lias walked all the way from Louisiana. The Mirror, of Manchester, N. II., notes a lively demand for farm property, and adds that more farms have changed hands in the Granite State during the past nine months than during any other period of the same length for the past two hundred years. Says London Truth:    “Those    who    are best able to pronounce an impartial judgment on Cyprus, its assumed merits and demerits, are of the opinion that we shall speedily have to abandon it. The island is, indeed, the most pestilential in the Levant.” A little hero of 6 summers, Charles Shandon, of Truckee, Nev., while in his father's yard near the river, a few days since, heard the cry of a child in the water, though the current was strong, he rushed in up to his neck, and after a nard struggle, pulled the baby to the shore. Lewis It. Redmond, the noted South Carolina “moonshiner,” was married at midnight in the mountains to Miss Aveline Ladd, sister of Amos Ladd, who was killed by the revenue raiders, and whose death led to the conflict of authority between the State and United States authorities. Forty thousand Lombard peasants have been attacked by pellegra, a malady which, beginning with the skin, impairs the digestion and nervous system, and becomes fatal. It is produced by the habitual consumption of flour made from damaged maize and by overwork, uncleanliness, and unhealthy dwellings. Ald. Sir Charles Whetham was, on the 28th ult., elected by the livery of London anti the court of aldermen lord mayor for the ensuing year. He is 66 years old, a flax and hemp manufacturer, chairman of the National Provident institution, the Metropolitan bank, and tho London and Blackwall Railway company. The new constitution of Alabama provides for the following salaries, a reduction of 25 per cent.:    Governor,    $3,000; secretary, of state, $1,800; state audits. $1,800; attorney general, $1,500; superintendent of education, $2,250; judges of the supreme court, $3,000 each; circuit judges, $2,250 each; and chancellors. $2,250. All the clergymen of Washington have, united in signing an address to the public, deprecating expensive funerals aa * an extravagance to be deplored under any circumstances;” as “a subtle source of social and national evil, and especially so in times of bereavement and in the presence of death, that solemn reprover of human pride and vanity.” An electric light on the tower of the Maryland institute, says the Baltimore Sun, is so strong that anyone possessed of good eyesight can easily read the fine type of that paper, or “tell the time from the face of a watch at two miles distance.” A light that enables one to tell the time of night on a watch two miles distant must be pretty strong. Part of the edge of the cone of Mount Vesuvius has given away. Prof. Palmieri iB having a kind of bulwark of scoria constructed around the observatory, of sufficient solidity to ofter considerable resistance in case of an emergency. At Monte Falco, in Umbria, four shocks of earthquake have thrown down sixteen houses and rendered one hundred and thirty-two uninhabitable. ;