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Belleville Telescope Newspaper Archive: October 31, 1878 - Page 1

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   Belleville Telescope (Newspaper) - October 31, 1878, Belleville, Kansas                                VOL. VI-NO. 14. BELLEVILLE, REPUBLIC CO., KANSvVS, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 31, 1878. WHOLE NO. 274. The Belleville Telescope. IS rUBLIBHED Every Thursday Morning At Belleville, the County Seat of liopublio County, Kansas. TOPICS OF THK TIMK, Many thousiind bales of cotton wii lost, at the South for want of pickers. Ije J. 0. HUMPHREY, Editor and Propr. Terms, 83 a Year In Artvauoe. Itatuo or AdverUslDi;. Legal odvortlwrneilta tl per �|imro each inwtion. Profcwi:onal and other cardB, i�r year $10, povablo quarterly. One-fourth column one year, $20; six months, $1 three months $8. One-half column, one year, �60; six months �30 three moi.ths�l5. Om column one year iliio; nix months, �."n; throe moQthii. $26. Local notices 10 conls per lino. N. T. VAN NATTA, Attobney:at Law r.nd County Attorr.ey. Belleville i^yiU?'"',Br"�"r-p'"'^""'� �' the State,  flf- nco immrcourti louse. ri.i-'f J. A. LINVILLE. Attoiinet at L(w, Bclcvillo, nopublic County, ICanFas. Win pracuco in all the Courts of the State. Criminal Law a SjKcialty. im-tf W. H. PILKENTON. Atioknkt at Law nml Notary Public rrompt a'-tentlnn to all leitnl businowi oMi-nstcd to him. Offlcc in the Court Houbc. second room, IJoUeville, Kansas.  27tf T. M. NOBLE. , Attohnei at Law, Belleville, Kansas, will practice in nil the Courts of the Twelfth Judicial District. All busmees pert liniUK to tiie profcK.iion prompllv nltcrd- 'T.a-it A. E. TAYLOR. ArronNEV at Law, liolluvillo, Kansas, will iiraciico in all the Courts of the Stale. All business cntruilcd to my aire will rtceivc prompt and car. fnl attention, neal Jl8tatS7. Nicho-las, after a long vacation and a journey to California. It is understood that one long article and tyo poems will be con-contributed by hbi to the forthcoming November number. ScmiiNEii & Co., by the publication of St. Nicholiw for tho young people are doing much to supplant the vicious literature j-forboys and-girlsrwhichi.'iTiGnt~broaTlc"ast" over the land. Its contents are healthful and morally sustaining without being stooped or dull. Every youth in the country should take St. Nicholas. rShop south Bid-. Pablie Square. Bfl'."-yUW, Kansas. I am at ynur servloe. If F, N. AABT. The whole-.n tnagemcnt of the City of Glasgow Bank-eight in number-have been arrested, and are in jail. Their crime consists in throwing awvty thirty-one millions of dollar.? belonging to other people. The Scotch are a terribly practical race. In some quarters of the globe a set of bank managers who had actually squandered 131,000.000 without anybody suspecEingll would be thought remarkable financiers, and perhaps sent 1 to Cosgrett, Ttiol" at least' one of the men is now in the toils and that ho will so(m have justice meted out to him. At an early hour yesterday morning a bold attempt was made to rob a passenger train on the Kansas Pacific railroad, about 150 miles west of Kansas City. It proved ineffectual, and in the melee that ensued, one of the robbers, Mike Rourke by name, tho leader of the gang, was captured. Another of the gang, Dan Dement, was shot in the back, but escaped to the brush. The rest of the gang managed to get away. Tho robber was taken to Kansas City and was there fully identified as the leader of tho gang that made a heavy haul on the Bluffs road. Kourke has but little to say and takes his arrest rather coolly. Ho is the leader of a gang of desperadoes that has been operating throughout tho West and Kouth for a number of years. . a DIIU.NKEN DEVIL. ........ A young man by the name of Noil, met a well to do old farmer in a saloon at Burk City, back of Owensboro, Ky., and they drank together and became quite jovial and friendly. Neil bought whisky and started home with the armer~�'lJoBe" iiame is Gahart to spend the night at his house, .Neil invited the old man to driuk, when young Gahart interposed; knives were drawn on both 8ide�,-but Neil got the advantage and plunged his weapon into his antagonist. At this point the mother of the victim rushed to the monster and begged him for the life of her helpless boy. Neil wheeled upon the mother and drove his.knife into her loft breast, causing instant death. The drunken wretch ripped young Gahart open so that the -entrails protruded. A younger son of tho old farmer.who came to the rescue suffered severe flesh wounds, while the fiend himself received dangerous wounds. The murderer fled to the house of Lewis Walls ami eluded capture until Monday, when he was secured and put under two thousand dollars bonds. He expresses sorrow for nothing but the death of Mrs. Gahart. a nonninLE cbijie. \ murder of the most horrible character was committed in Indianapolis on the IGth. Mrs. Mattie Farrel, a widow 68 years old, living in what is known as tho "Potomac" quarter of the city, was found beside her bed with great clots of blood oozing through her hair. An examination of the body showed a gash four inchei) long on the right temple, and the head and face considerably bruised and neck broken. Henry Laugrade, a worthless character and sou of Mrs. Farrel by her first husband, has been arrested on suspicion. An inquest is now in progress. rnOTECT tue inuia.NS. Gen. (1. 0. Howard telo.gniphs from Fart Vancouver that a Umatilla Indian was murdered on tho 20 nit. by white mwii, and that the Uinatillns have within throe weeks lost fifty horses, taken by whites. He asks: Cannot the United States District Attorney bo instructed by the Attorney-General to attend to this and other cold-blooded murders of Indians by white men? A few examples-of such justice would do more for peace than a whole summer's campaign. The foregoing was endorsed by Gen. Sherman. 3ta0e .stopi'i :iS. The Galveston \cirs s])ccial from Fort Worth states: The stage leaving hero for Weatherford, was stopped 15 miles east of the latter place by two masked men. Tho mail pouches wore cut open and the contents rifled. One male and two female passengers were stripped of valuables. denies the ClIAnOE. Samuel .1. Tilden*has issued a card relating to the recent publications of cipher telegrams in the Now York Tribune. Tilden says: "I have no knowledge of the existence of these telegrams nor any information about them except what has been derived from or since the publications of them in the Tribune.'^ Ja poisoned weddino supper. At the wedding supper of Willis I'eele and Alice Burdge, at .\zalia, Ind., ten of the party were poisoned, some unknown perr.on having put strychnine in tho food. It is sur-mised that one of Aliss Burdge's rejected suit ors"commit^cd^he deed. bition of man seek to re-open tho wounds and to rekindle the embers of sectional strife. Let -us-go-into-the""great contest'^of 1880 without any of these elements of sectional bitterness, Of course we will be divided as to the ques-Won of governmental policy, but with that element eliminated from the contest, the rep rcsentativcs of tho South can stand upon the floor of Congress as the peer of any from the Northern St.itc8 and ean look to the material development of his own section, to the enlargement of commercial relations and make the Southern people more prosperous. With fra-ternity and harmony restored, this groat country can march on to a more glorious and illustrious future than has been seen in the past." fiUrPLIES stopped. To generous friends north, oast and west.: The Peabody subsistence association of New Orleans, returns to each and all sincere thanks for the noble generosity exhibited in furnishing money and provisions for our distressed; no further funds will be needed. [Signed] F. Daluondb, Pres't. a heko dead. Lieutenant Bennor, coinmaiider of the relief boat which was sent down tho Jlisais- sippi loaded with supplies for the yellow fever sufferers in small towns along the river, was stricken with the fever at \icksburg and died. His funeral was impresRlve. FOREIGN NEWS. TUE OLASOOW BANK FAILURE. Till.' 'I'imcn in a financial article, commenting on tho official report of tho investig.a-tors in the affairs of Orth, of the Glasgow-Bank, s.ays: Tho shiiroholdors will now have some light thrown upon the condition of the bank's affairs, and a most sombre light it is. Tho bank has lost on a modorate'and probably favorable estimate SG.'iOO.OOO. That is a most disastrous statement for the unhappy shareholders, and wc need hardly ssy that a loss of such magnitude could never have fallen on thom but for reckless mismanagement to begin with, and tho deliberate and long continued fraud practiced to hide that misniannge-ment. MADE a RAID. 'Hio .JjidiJiH>-Ci-VJl and. Military OazcUa, states that tho British have m.ide a raid upon Wavering, a border village, and captured four chiefs who are held as hostages. A dispatch from Kassarali, states that it is reported that the Viceroy will not be content with a simple apology, hut will require the .\mecr to come to I*cshawnr. UEADliUABTEES. Odessa on tho Black Sea, liussiaii, is the stronghold of tho Nihilists. There are 310 of thom in prison there who will soon be tried for offences against the Government, and Siberia is likely to have an accession f�f population. DEriUENUINO   THE JEWS. It is reported that Knglaiid, Italy and France have infurmcd the Belgrade government they will uot rccognir.c tho Servian in-dopendcncc until the civil and political ocjual-ity of the Jews is proclaimed. FUKLOCOH ORDEIl. A Berlin dispatch siiys the Czar ha.-? issued ukas ordering that military furloughs shall only bo granted for i>Hrticnla'riy urgent reasons and in any case not to extend beyond February. ENdLANU'a INTEnCE.SSOn. The Sultan has infonned Minister Lay-ard that ho has written to the Ameer of Afghanistan, calling upon htm as a good Mussulman to coino to an amicable arrangement with England. TUE SlLVEIl .MAUKET. The London TiiiiCK, in its iiiiaiiciul arti ulo, says even at b'j^d per ounce, the silvo market is very unsettled and unsteady, and only scarcity of b.TrK iircvcntr, a sharp dcprfi ation. THE AMEEU. Tlio Aiuoor of AI'ghiiiiistaH is oikIlmvoi'-ingto raise a religious war among the MoliamO' dans of ('cntral Asia against Europe. AID FROM GEItMANV. The Kmporor William of CJoriuaiiy lias sent 3,000 reiohmurks, about .ii'OO, as a contribution for tho yellow fever sufferers. REI.IEK. .�^linistor Xoyes forwarded ^-LUOU for the relief of tho yellow fever sufferers. Smith will act impartially and honestly and give general satisfaction. THE A., T. AND 8. F. Particulars have become Icnown con cerniug the lease of tho Denver & lUo Grande railroad by the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe road for thirty years. Tho lease takes effect Dec. 1. Tho Denver 4; Bio Grande receives forty-three per cent, of tho gross earnings, decreasing one per cent, yearly, and will receive thirty-seven per cent, from the seventh to the fourth year. Tho San Juan silver mines are to be opened through tho grand canon of the A_rka.n8as,.and.ultimate designs are to connect with the Kansas Pacific. The transaction is regarded as a defeat of Jay Gould, and warm competition with the Union Pacific for the freight traffic is predicted. INDIAN   DANOEHS. A gentleman from the Kleketat country on tho Pacific slope, reports serious trouble anticipated with the Intlians, who were becoming insolent and demonstrative and are preparing, it is generally believed, for an attack upon the white settlers as soon as an op-LpQlt.umty_flhaU-preacuit.it�oU.-Tho-broaoh-be-tweon them and the settlers is being widened cverj* day, and both parties are arming themselves for an outbreak. MASONIC ELECTION. The following grand officers of the Grand Lodge wore elected in tho annual session of the Grand Lodge of Kansas, at Atchison: E. D. Hillyer, of Valley Fall, G. M.; D. Byington, of Leavenworth, D. G. M.; Joseph McCarty, of Fort Soott, G. S. W.; A. D. Mc-Connaughv, of Atchison, G.J. W.; Christain Beck, ot "Leavenworth, G. F. A.; .lohn H. Brown, of Wyandott, G. 3. SECRET BALLOT. .Iiidge Brill, of .Minnesota, decides tli BO much of tho election law passed l.ist winter as requires the numbering of ballots to correspond with a numbered poll list is unconsti' tutional because opposed to the principles of secret ballot. The law is peculiarly stringent and has attracted much attention. ORANGEMEN  ACqUFrTED. Tlie Orangemen of Montreal were ac .quitted_on_the-chargo-o�-.forming -an illegal aaaembly on tho 12th of July last. Judco J{amBay__chargc_d_tho_ jury to acquit on the ground that aaaombling in lodge room was not illegal. UniNED BY srECULATIOK. .\ssistant United States District Atloi ney Hoxie, of Brooklyn, has resigned and made a written confession that he has lost iu Wall street moneys entrusted to him as government official; the amount is believed to be large. AXTI-CUINF.SF.. The constitutioiuil convention adopted resolutions to memorialize the President and Senate of the United States to so modify the Burlingamc treaty as to prohibit Chinese im-migratiim. FAUEWELL TO DUFFEHIN. Xotwithstauding the worst slonu of th season, thousands of citizens of Q\icbcc turn ed out to say farewell to Governor-General Duf-ferin, who sailed for England. TlLIlEN TO MAIinv. Tlio (itdhi- Deiiiorrnf annouii<:i.'s Iha GERM DISEASES. GKNKRALITIKS. CASUALTIES. A PARTY DROWNED. Two young ladies named Ellon and Georgia Hughey, two children of Calvin Martin, and a young man named Mclver, were drowned near Sanford. The party of six was returning on a wagon from camp meeting, and the road which was overflowed runs by a lake and the horses strayed into deep water and upset the vehicle. PANIC AT A WEDDINO. During a marriage at the Colored Baptist church, at Lynchburg, Va., which was crowded to its utmost capacity, a piece of plastering fell creating a panic of the most dreadful character. The bodies ot ten women have been already taken out. The wounded being sent to their homes. POLITICAL. REDDCED. (Jfticial returns have lioeii received on the vote for Secretary of State for all the Ohio counties except Hamilton and Washington, and reliable unofficial figures from all the counties, which makes Barnes' majority for Secretary of State 3,154. TAMMANY'S  NOMINATION. Tammany Hall has nominated .\iigustus Schell-for Mayor. THE FEVER SCOURGE. NODLE SENTIMENTS FR05I A SOUTHEKNI 11. Hon. John F. House, of Nashville, Tenn., has been unanimously re-nomiii:M("l a s candidate for Congress by the Democ,ui:y. In his speech acknowledging the compliment he said;   "In the next contest between tho two great parties, they will divide upon governmental policy and without sectional oni-mosity, and sectional hatred will be eliminated from the contest. So far as the South is concerned I am certain that such will be the case. I cannot, fellow citizens, find it in my heart to indulge in feelings of malice toward the people of tho North when I witness their magnanimous and gracious conduct toward the Southern people. I feel like pulling off my hat and standing uncovered in their presence. O! grander than the victorj'of Appo-matox is the victory won by the people of the North in their noble and generous contributions to the stricken and suffering South! Upon that fatal field tho South surrendered her sword. Within the shadow of the dark wing of the pestilence, beside the new made graves of her heroic sons and daughters, with bowed head and tearful eyes she extends Her hand and surrenders her heart to the gracious and magnanimous North. God's own band haq uiuoi. j.uv �ityvuiuiucuv uao utwu vao auojootr bridged the bloody Ebaem. Let not the am*' ot maoh oanvaBBlog and it is thooght that an important railroad decision. An important case of tho Kansas Pacific railroad company was decided at I,caven-worth last week. The whole question of the company's affairs came tip before Justice Miller, of the United States Supreme court, and Judge Foster, of the United States District court, sitting in tho Supremo court chambers in Washington, as the Cirouit court of the United States for the district of Kansas. Tho matter came into court under the suit of Adolphus Meyer, trustee, and the first mortgage bondholdefa of'tKe "Kahsaii Pacific railway against the Kansas Pacific company in its corporate capacity to foreclose the mortgage on occount of default in interest. The immediate matter at issue and upon which a decision has been expected for some days was the petition ot D. M. Edgerton, acting president of tho company, for the removal of Henry Villard one ot the receivers of tho road. In the course of Judge Miller's opinion, which was a written one, he said that it was not proper that there should be two receivers, because of the contentions whicli were likely to and did arise between them j that Mr. Greeley who was charged with misconduct, had relieved the court of embarrassment by submitting himself to its judgment entirely; that it was uot proper that so groat and important a property should be administered by two receivers, one of whom was over three hundred and the other more than a thousand miles away from the property; that an office in New York was unnecessary, and the expenses of the receivership in New York, as administered by Mr. Villard, were excessive; that it is not impossible in the court's judgment to find some person within the jurisdiction of the court in which this propoty is situated who can both give a good and sufficient bond, and who can manage this property honestly, economically and profitably, and this should be done. Judge Foster, in the delivery of, his opinion, reviewed the oircumstanceB under which the appointment of tho receivers was first made in the State court and the reasons then adduced for the making of it. He concurred fully in the opinion of Judge Sliller, and ordered that the two receivers be discharged to retaintheir positions for .1 reasonable but brief time, until one receiver could be appointed and qualified to succeed them. An appointment will probably be made soon, though it is not likely, the different interests can agree. tde new receivek ok the kansas pacutc. 1,'nited States "District Judge Fosti'r sitting at Leavenworth, in pursuance of the or-der~of~A8sociatc~Ju8tice lUiUor, on reconimen^ dation ot W. J. Player and T. A. Hurd, representing the trustees, and Wallace Pratt, representing the New York committee of bondholders, and A. L. Williams, representing the K. P. railroad company, appointed Sylvester T. Smith, of Kansas City, the present auditor of the road, to be receiver of the Kansas Pacific. This appointment is claimed as a victory for Oakes, the present superintendent, as opposed to Jay Oonld and will result in breaking up the present combination and pooling with the Union Pacific raUroad company. It is also claimed as a part of the compromise that J. P. Usher shall be retained as one of the general Bolioitors of the road. The order directs that all the general oiBoes shall be transferred to the State of Kanaae. One party olairas that Smith will not make a bomjldexcmovclot the genj!.raLofflc.eiJat�LKMBai,^wWle--othBrji_claimJ that he will comply with the order of the court, both in the letter and the spirit ot the order. The appointment has been the subjeot aniiouiK.'Os that Samuel J. Tilden is engaged to be married to a St. Louio belle and that the wcriiling will take place within three months. THE MARKETS. weekly ouain re\tbw. Wo . are. indebted to AK��rs. Lyndi Wright i Co., of Kansas City, tor the fullowini; reliable review of the grain trade: Wheat-Transactions iu our homo markets during the week past have been attended by rapid fluctuations varying at times during the trading liours from lin @23,^c a bushel. In creasing stocks in sight and further failures of large shipping houses in Eugland have been made the factors by the "bearieh" clement ot jjreventing any reaction to a higher range of values. The markets in spring wheat, however, have advanced fully 2c a bushel since our last review, and winter wheat, which has suffered leas than spring, has advanced Ic, Liverpool advices quoted "spot" wheat firmer and "cargoes to arrive" six peaco to one shilling per quarter higher, with a continued good demand toi tho Continent. The previous re-ports of damaged Frbhoh wheat are fully borne out by the deliveries in French home markets, much ot which is so unfit for food as to be unsaleable. ^Nor is there any improvement from previous reports of Russian wheat, which has been pouring into Marseilles from the Black i3w. Out of stocks now warehouaed at this port and estimated at 8,000,000 bus. not more than one-quarter is considered to be sound milling wheat. Shipments of our best qualities on arrival in French ports go immediately into consumpti(ni and French stocks have at no point been increased Ijy Aniericau wheat though Franco has received an immense part of the 04,000,000 bus. shipped fi'om our shores during the past thirteen weeks. The i|uality of our winter wheat continues to attract the greater attention and later in the .�season must command a greater premium oy.e.r. spring, wheat. More... f ayorable reports iife coinihg'Tro'iii the rsorthwost. The first shipments threshed from the stock produced an unfavorable irapresBion on tho market, but later threshings of grain that has passed through the sweat in the stacks, ahows excellent color and has none ot that toughness that made so much ot the rejected grade. This will strengthen confidence in our spring wheat in foreign markets. The question of future values we still hold-as in our previous review -is one under the control ot our own producers. At a time when commercial disaster is unsettling values ot productions throughout Great Britain, and prices of breadstuffs have found a level not known before for nearly a score ot years, will wo continue to toroo on present market our surplus product, or withhold for a later and certain appreciation in values ? Corn-lleceipts at interior points during the past week have fallen off and "visible supply" ahows a reduction from 11,035,074 bus. to 9,803,043 bus. Foreign markets are reported sixpence per quarter higher. Our home mar-keta are unchanged. The prospects ot a tree movement of the new crop during tho next month and afterward prevents any appreciation. Kve-In values of this cereal there has been an improvement ot Ic a bushel. Exports for the week were light and movement from producers hands to market the same as during previous week. Oats-A slight improvement in prices of thia grain haa taken place in sympathy with all feeding stuffs and a generally lighter movement. '......----...........        ------ - DICTATIONS. Kansas City-Grain-Wheat, No. 3, cash, efi%o: No. 2, 71''4c. Corn-Sales for tho year, 24c. Bye, No. '2, 31o bid. Oats, No. 2, 18o bid. Live Stock-Native atockers, i5!2.25 ^c LlverDOol-Wheat, firm; winter, 8a Corn, new, a3B@2Ss Sd. London-OonBol�, 981-19, The Theory of the Propagation aud Spread of Contagion. Froni the riiijadclphln Times. Professor Joseph 0. Rich.ardson, of the Universitj- of Penusylvania, delivered learned lecture last evening before the Social Science Association on the subject of "Genu Diseases."  The hall of the Col lege of Physicians, at Thirteenth and Locust streets, was comfortably filled.  The lecture wa.s rather too technical to be interest to tlie general reader.   The Pro fessor had prepared for the benefit of members of the press an "abstract," covering fourteen gloaely-written pages of foolscap. The following is a summary of what the Professor said;   The germ theory professes to account for the nhenomena of smiUl-IDOX, yellow fever, typhoid fever, rehtpsing f"ver,   measles,   scarletina,   diphtheria, chifken-poxderj'sipelas, etc., by attributing them to the more or less mechanical irri-[tatioir-TiTid-Btlffir^listui'baivccs'-B-ct- up' by masses of spores or mycelial threads, developing in tho blooil and in the att'ected tissues.  Tlie lecturer did not think that it was proved that tho minute vegetable organization discovered in connection with contagious diseases were the causes, but expressed the belief that it would bo prov ed at no distant day.   He reviewed I'a chief evidences in favor of the germ theory, and quoted from several eminent foreign pathologists who have lately advocated this doctrine, and paid a triljute to Pro feesor Tyndall for tlie good work ho has accomplished in awakening popular at tention to the connection between dust (which consists largely of germs) and dis ease.   The lecturer thought that general benefit would result from it being understood by cvei7 man, woman andcliild that the contagion of small-pox, yellow fever typhoid fever, scarlet fever, measles, diph theria, cholera, etc., is probably composed of exceedingly minute seeds, called spores ;-so-small-that-a~Tiiass"+hc-diameter" of one of the dots or periods (.) upon printed- page    might    contain   over fifty  millions.     Each   one  of   these fifty    millions    of   seeds    is    capable, under favorable circumstances, of re producing its kind with almost inconceiv .GENERAL NOTES. able rapidity. So that, supnosing, for ex ample, thft xygodesimus of 1-rof. Letzerich is really the morbific agent causing diiilv theria, a particle of the grayish false membrane which appears in the throat of patients ill with this complaint, although no bigger than the dot mentioned, iinght contain separate seeds enough to infect every inhabitant of the whole continent ot North America. Tho obvious detluctions from these fac.'ts strengthen the urgent_re.-commendations of simitarians that every effort should be made to prevent these morbific germs from being lot loose, and when they have made their escape to destroy all spores likely to come in contact witli unprotected persons. Each individual affected with small-pox or any other of the discit-ses mentioned is. according to this theory, to be looked upon as a sort of hotbed or forcing house for the seeds or spores of that malady. The lecturer said that one of the most mischievous popular errors, which a general acceptance of the gorm theory would necessarily subvert, is the belief that small-pox and other contagious maladies often n-.-iM without previous exposure to the seeiis of disease. The germ theory teaches that every new case of contagious mala-ilie.-i is the iinmodiato offspring of a preceding case and the direct result of exposure to the chance of having tlie spores iiu|ilantod in the system-an exposure which it only required sufficient knowledge, foresight and care to avoid. Ill regard to pul.)lio hygiene, its importance is only surpas.sed by its sim-dicity. For such contagious and infec-.iousmaladies it is; Avoid atany cost the entrance into comuuinitios of living spores or seeds of disease. Sanitary authorities should. bo_arm.ed..with .almost (lespoticpow-er in order that they may shut out or kill every one of those actually visible or even tangible seeds ot disease. Quarantine, disinfection and prolonged detention of persons, with disinfection or total destruction of goods from infected districts, is the rigiit of tho many at tlie expense of tho few. The ChineMO Plan of Doetorlos. Tlie Chinese plan of paying the doctor a stipulated sum, periodically, to keep one well instead of feeing him after one is sick, is practiced with modifica-tion.s iu some parts of this country. A phj--sician of Springfield, Massachusetts, has for two years past entered into an arrangement with some fiity patients Ijy which he is paid-a-small-yeaTb-~feo foi-ifiviTrg" hygienic advice, an'd for' suggesting preventives of disease. If one of these patients becomes ill tho doctor visits him at half rates. Tho Chinese physician under similar circumstances, receives no compensation whatever, and his regular salary ceases until the patient recovers. It will bo seen that Springfield is not quite up to tho Chinese standard in the way of furnishing inducements to doctors to prevent instead of to cure disease. Nevertheless, the plan is an improvement on the ordinary system which requires that other people must fall sick or the doctor must starve. The Medical and Surgical Reporter recommends the suggestion which the experiment furnishes, and points out that by it, adoption the physician acquires a knowledge of his patient's system and habits of health, often a matter of gi-cat importance to lu'opor treatment. It is suggested as an improvement on the Springfield plan that whore oho of the doctor's charges falls ill through the deliberate violation of the hygienic principles impressed upon him, he should pay ilouble foes instead of the half rates which he would otherwise be charged. ______ Some Miaplnced Namcn. From the New York Timot^. A very curious chapter might l>c wi-itten iipon the contrast between many noted localities and the name which they boar, a contrast bo glaring in many cases as to suggest a prophetic irony on the part of those who named them. Salem (peace) afterward lengthened into Jerusalem, harmonizes ill with the associations of a spot which has witnessed the multiplied horrors of the three bloodiest sieges in history. Tlie Louvre, now one of the great monuments of civilization in its highest form, literallyai^fnifies, "placeof wolves," with which its site once abounded. The muddiest of Asiatic rivers is styled "Clear Stream" (Syr-Daria), and Russia's oldest city is still Now Town (Novgorod), in memoiT of its rank as capital of Ruric's newly founded state in 879. Sebastopol, an abbreviation of the Greek words sebas-tes polis (mgaBt city) looks anything but august at present, with its crumbling defenses, halt-destroyed docks, and long lines of roofless houses. Billingsgate, now by-word for the lowest vulgarity, originally took its name from Prince Belin; and the capital of Russian-Turkistan, which stands in the midst of a clayey plain, and contains not a single stone which hasnot been brought from a distance, bears the unaccountable title of "Stone Village" (Tashkend). A $H,000 nugget is reported to havi; been found at Cassiar, British Columbia, where the gold yield is increasing. Tramps in the south are burning cotton-gins where the proprietors will not pay them a dollar a liundrcd for picking cotton. The United States will probably have a surplus of 120,000,000 bushels of wheal from the crop of 1878 available for export to Europe.  The Gatreslon Xews savs it is all a mistake about Longley killing thirtj'-two men. He killed only eight, and yet they hanged him for such a trifle! Pious people have in contemplation the erection of a memorial chapel in the Yo-semito valley, as a monument|to God. The stock is to be floated by the Sunday-sthool children. No less than thirty bams,  with their contents, hav;e_been^ hurnod ni the Wil-lamctte valley, Oregoii, during" the piist" six weeks. It is.a singular fact that wliile for the eight months ending Aug. 31 we imported only 125,000 of railroad iron from Great Britain, the imports of beer and ale amounted to ^26i,40O. They have fiat money in Buenos Ayres, and prices of clothing run as follows: "Men's suits of clothing, $700; children's suits !|150; a gold dollar there is worth $;51.95 in paper. The ]nimipcf/ I-'rec /'irss reports the dis-co^'ory of gold in paying quantities by two experienced miners in Battle river, at the foot bridge crossing at Battlcford, British northwest ten-itory. A Brooklme,. Mas.s., youngster of 6 eloped with a little girl schoolmate, the other day, and went as -far as Boston, where the couple got lost in the labyrinth of streets, and were finally sent home. _^ll the powers, with Wie exception ot licruiany, liave signifiecl'to"t}ic"Roumaniaii^ government their acquiescence in the assumption of the title of "Royal Highness" by the prince of Roumania. A Bridjjeport, Conn., man suffering from delirium tremens, juinpeil into the river the other day to rescue a couple of imaginary persons that he thought were drowning, and had to bo helped out himself. A Providence swindler coolly sold a house to which he had no claim", and received $2700 for tlie forged title. Tin; owner first learned of the sale when the supposed purchaser ordered him to wove out. A bee-master at Keswick, England, v/auting to sell his hives, advertised: "Extensive sale of live stock, comprising not less than 140.000 head, with unlimited right of pasturage." The trick succeeded admirab y. Thirty deserters i'roiii the Mexican army came to Rio Granilo City in two days re'-ccntly, and more are expected. The soldiers say they have no money, and but little to oat, and have never been paid a cent. Of the .j,iyc immigrants who arrived in New York during September, 2,428 were from (i-crmanv, 2,0.77-from -England, and 1,41.5 from Ireland, TO from Scothuid, Glj-S -fiom Sweden, t'>0 froii- 'i.\nco-: and from Russia. A gentleman of Manchester, England, is negotiating for the purchase of a ranch in Los Angeles county, California. He proposes to bring over a colony of fifty persons, each of whom is to contribute 000 to a common fund. A negro 70 years of age and weighing over throe hundred pounds, passed through Union, Oregon, a few days ago, on foot, bound for tlio lumber districts of Pugot Sound. During the past summer he has walked all the way from Louisiana. The Jfi).7'oi^_gfJIaiiphe3ter, N. H., notes a livolv demand for farm property, and adds tliat more farms have changed hands in the Granite State during the past nine months than during any other period of the same length for the past two hundred years. Says London Truth: "Those who are best able to pronounce an impartial judgment on Cyprus, its assumed merits and demerits, are of the opinion that we shall speedily have to abandon it. The island is, indeed, the most pestilential in the Levant." A little hero of C summers, Charles Sharidan, of Truckee, Nev., while in his father's yard near the river, a few days since, heard the cry of a child in the water,. though_t!ie current was strong, he i-ushed iu up to his neck, and after a hard struggle, pulled the baby to the shore. Lewis R, Redmond, the noted South Carolina "moonshiner," was married at midnight in the mountains to Miss Aveline Ladd, sister of Amos Ladd, who was killed by tho revenue raiders, and whose death led to the conflict of authority between the State and United States authorities. I'orty thousand Lombard peasants have been attacked by pellegra, a malady which, bepmiing with the skin, impairs the digestion and nervous system, and becomes fatal. It is produced by the habitual consumption of flour made from damaged maize and by overwork, uncl�anli-ness, and unhealthy dwellings. .A.ld. Sir Charles Whetham was, on the 28th ult., elected by the livery of London and the court of aldermen lord mayor for the ensuing year. He is 66 years old, a flax and hemp manufacturer, chairman of the National Provident institution, the Metropolitan bank, and tho London and Blackwall Railway company. The new constitution of .Alabama provides for the following salaries, a reduction of 2."j per cent.: Governor, S3,000; secretarj', of state, $1,800; state auditor. |1,800; attorney general, $1,500; superintendent of education, $2,250; judges of the supreme-court,-$3,000-each; circuit jiidL'es, $2,2-50 each; and chancellors, 12,250. All tho clergymen of Washington have united in signing an address to the public, deprecatintr expensive funerals aa ' an extravagance" to be deplored under any circumstances;" as "a subtle source of social and national evil, and especially so iu times of bereavement and in the presence-of death, that solemn reprover of human pride and vanity." An electric light on the tower of the Maryland institute, says the Baltimore Sun, is so strong that anyone possessed of good eyesight can easily read the fine typo of that paper, or "tell the time from the face of a watch at two miles distance." A liffht that enables one to tell the time of night on a watch two miles distant must be pretty strong. Part of the edge of the cone of Mount Vesuvius has given away. Prof. Palmieri is having a kind of bulwark of scoria constructed around the observatory, of sufficient solidity to ofl'er considerable resistance in case of an emergency. At Monte Falco,-m-Umbria, four shocks of-earth--quake have thrown down siiteen houses aad rendered one hundred and thirty-two uninhabitHblei   

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