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Waterloo Daily Courier (Newspaper) - April 9, 1946, Waterloo, Iowa IT DID HAPPEN! Newark, N. surrogate's a second look at a will filed lor probate and then sent for was in Chinese. Attorney Pearce R. Franklin came to the rescue with a translation of the document. FIRST WITH THE NEWS Cloudy with showers Wednesday. wtitbw torvcut ESTABLISHED 1854 WATERLOO, IOWA, TUESDAY, APRIL- 9, 1946 SIXTEEN PAGES PKICE FIVE CENTS REOPEN PEARL HARBOR PROBE Gromyko to End Council Boycott JTTENDIET TO FIX RULES Iran Case Tangled in Con- flict of Reports; Ala to Go to Washington. New dor Andrei A. Gromyko, Rus- sian member of the United Na- tions seetirity council, said Tuesday that he would attend the afternoon session. Russia thus ended the boycott which began March 27 when Gromyko walked out on the coun- cil's Iranian discussions. Asked by reporters whether he would attend Tuesday's meet- Ing. Groinyko said, "Yes, I shall When asked if he planned to bring up the Iranian matter at Tuesday's meeting, however, he replied: "Ask the president of the se- curity council. He knows what's on the agenda." Russia has filed with the coun- cil a demand for complete dis- missal of the Iranian case. Fight Seems Likely. Barring one possibility, a stiff Soviet-American fight appears likely to result over, Secretary of State Byrnes in- dicated that the United States is opposed to reopening the Iran- ian case until May 6, the dead- line by which all Soviet troops are supposed to be out of Iran. Some officials said the British hold a similar view. The possibility was seen that Iran might agree with Russia's demand. Such a development would mean that the two governments most concerned in the contro- versy considered it a closed book as far as the council goes. That might weaken any argu- ment the United States could make for keeping it open for consideration May 6. Iranian Ambassador Hussein Ala has asked Premier Ahmed Qavam at Tehran for instruction-. Conflicting Views. News dispatches from Tehran presented apparently conflicting views. One unidentified cabinet mem- ber said Qavam would agree to dismissal. But Prince Mozaffar Firouz, Ir- anian propaganda minister, said it was "entirely a security coun- cil matter." At Ala's hotel, a spokesman said the entire Iranian delegation was packing to leave for Wash- ington some time Tuesday. He said Ala would not attend the afternoon meeting of the security council. The spokesman refused to dis- cuss the situation further. Polish Ambassador Oscar Lange informed Trygve Lie, United Na- tions secretary general, that with- in the next few days he would ask that a "situation due to international frictions resulting from the existence and activities of the Franco regime in Spain" be placed on the agenda of the security council. Wants Action on Spain. The United Nations press of- fice, in announcing the Polish notice, said the brief letter was received Monday night at Lie's headquarters. The Polish note followed pre- vious advices from Poland that she would seek to have the Unit- ed Nations take action against the Spanish government. The council was scheduled to meet at 3 p. m. EST to pass upon a set of permanent rules by which it may govern its i proceedings in the future. The rules were drawn up by a committee of experts represent- ing all 11 members, and are con- j sidercd by delegates to be non- controversial. Whether Gromyko would insist I upon bringing up the demand for dismissing the Iranian case or wait until Wednesday was uncertain. The official UN English trans- lation of- Gromyko's demand was released Monday text having originally been broadcast Sunday by Moscow. The letter said that Russia and Iran hid agreed on a means of .settling their affairs, I (Continued orTpage 2, columrfT) i Seats Empty at League Windup Meet Pres. Carl J. Hambro (left background) of Norway, speaks from rostrum as he convenes the opening session of the 21st and last assembly of league of Nations at Geneva. Many of the seats of assembly chamber are empty. Hambro's speech included a eulogy of five Allied war leaders. (AP Wirephoto via radio from Berne.) League of Nations, Born Sugar World War I, Being Buried Due Saturday By JAMES MARLQW "Washington. D. league of Nations. 26 years old but sickly from birth, is being buried at Geneva, Switzerland, its home. World war I was the midwife and World war II was the under- taker. Disowned early by one of its parents, the United States, the league ailed, suffered convulsions, and had been in a coma since 1939. The funeral, starting Monday, may last two weeks. The league members will need that long to express the appropriate regrets. Thus ends men's first real modern attempt to preserve world peace although ,they had been dreaming of it from the time of the ancient Greeks. Neither discouraged nor dismayed by this, but quite sure they have learned from the weaknesses of the league, men have tried again. They have brought forth now the United Nations, still an infant but showing signs of strength if properly nurtured. The league started its active existence Jan. 19, 1920 and. strangely, 26.years later to the day, Jan. 10, 1946. the UN went to work. And, strangely, this happened, too: Within a few months of the league's opening, Iran protested that Soviet troops were occupying Iranian territory. Within a few months of the UN's opening, Iran protested that Soviet troops were occupy- ing Iranian territory. ts Search Returned Jap Diplomat Ship (INS) S. army coun- terintelligence officers Tuesday conducted a painstaking search of the Spanish ship Plus Ultra which carried a party of Japanese diplo- mats from Europe to Manila. The ship had departed on the last leg of its voyage to Tokyo but was suddenly recalled and a heavy military police guard thrown around it when it docked Tuesday morning. The move was believed to be a part of the search for fortunes in American currency and jewelry which the Japanese brought from Europe. Washington. D. and AFL unions Tues- day called a strike effective at midnight Saturday at seven east coast refineries which process 70 per cent of the nation's cane sugar. The unions said In a statement they had reached an impasse in ne- gotiations with refining companies. They said the companies had i refused to accept as binding rec- ommendations of a fact-finding: j panel appointed by Secretary of Labor Schwellenbach. The unions, claiming more than workers at seven Atlantic coast plants would be involved in the walk-out, said they were still willing to arbitrate their wage de- mands. The unions timed their coastwide strike to start at p. m., EST, Saturday, CHINESE BOY FOOLED BY GENERAL'S WRITING San Francisco, Cal. an American-born Chinese youth asked General Joseph Stilwell for his autograph, "Vinegar Joe" his signature written in Chinese. the kid walked away muttering, "a four-star general. and I can't even read his Two Vacancies on Plan Board Two vacancies remain to be tilled on the Waterloo planning board as a result of the resigna- tion of H. A. Boysen and the ruling by the city council that Fred Letsch was disqualified to serve because of his residence in Cedar Falls. Story on page 5. Other features today: Page "Believe It or Not" ..........10 Cedar Falls 7 City m Brief 7 Markets ....................15 Northeast Iowa 8 i Radio Programs ................11 Sports 9 Theaters ....................10' Uncle Winchell in New York Ill Woman's Pages..............6, 7 j The Iranian case in 1920 was settled peacefully and now, in 1946, the Iranian case probably will be settled peacefully. Because of more vital events, the interment of the league is draw- ing comparatively little notice. For generations before World war I men had talked of outlaw- ing war and they talked more as the years rolled on. The world became smaller. Railroads, ships, and internation- al trade brought nations closer together, made them rely on one another more. Shocked by the death and de- struction of World war I, the Al- lied leaders, including President Woodrow Wilson, decided to make the great attempt. President Wilson tried to sell the idea to America. He broke his health trying. The senate broke his heart by saying "no." We stayed out. That was an inauspicious be- ginning but the league rocked along, starting out with 42 mem- bers and getting, eventually, as many as 60. It acquired buildings worth 000.000, a library, helped subdue the opium traffic and White slav- ery as they were practiced inter- nationally. But the league, growing ever more feeble, fumbled along on the big questions and. by fumbling, let World war II burst. The big powers of UN, howev- er, are pledged to supply armed forces when needed to stop aggres- sion. Time will show whether they will. Truman Won't See Bomb jTesf i Washington. D. White House said Tuesday that President Truman is considering' a visit to the Philippines July 4 for the independence celebration but that he will not view the atom bomb tests in Bijini lagoon. Press Secy. Charles G. Ross told a news conference that Truman has "never considered the possibility" of viewing the Pacific army-navy tests. Ross also asserted that there has been no further postponement of the Bikini lagoon tests, now sched- uled for about July 1. CONSENT DECREE ENDS WORLD MATCH CARTEL Washington, Gen. Tom Clark Tuesday announced a consent decree dissolving what he called a "worldwide match car- tel." It ends the government's anti- trust suit against leading match producers of the United States, Sweden and Great Britain. 4-OEFT BILL Committee Hits at Spending Psychology Created During War. Washington, D. Demanding elimination o i what it called a "deeply en- trenched spending psy- chology" among federal offi- cials, the house appropriations committee Tuesday recommended deep slashes in state, commerce and justice department funds. It sent to the house floor a bill to finance the three departments and the fed- eral judiciary for the fiscal year starting- next July- 1. The total represents a 13 per cent cut from budget estimates but a boost over current year funds. By agencies the money was ear- marked: for com- merce. for state, for justice, and for the judiciary. Cut Intelligence Unit. All but a small part of the in- crease went to the, commerce and state, departments, whose ,foreign work has been .augmented by war's end. J Those two departments, too, took the major budget reductions, 18 per cent in the case of the state department and 17 per cent for commerce. The committee allowed no funds at all for the state depart- ment's separate intelligence unit. It chopped its estimate for ex- panded cultural relations activities almost in half, and sharply pared commerce department requests for the census, bureau and the civil aeronautics administration. The committee approved a state department budget almost five times as large as the last pre-war budget after hearing Secretary of State James Byrnes behind closed doors. Future Wars In Mind. Briefly, Byrnes told the commit- tee that in part of his testimony made public, "we are still con- cerned with the prevention of fu- ture wars and with measures which will improve the social and eco- nomic well-being of the peoples of the world to the end that the conditions which lead to war will be removed." Of federal spending generally, the committee had this to say: "There seems to have devel- oped during the war years what some have termed 'a spending psychology' and the committee is fearful that this spending psychology has become somewhat too deeply entrenched in the minds of the officials responsible for the operation of our federal establishments. "It must be eliminated." In chopping from the state department's request for to expand its information and cultural program to include Europe as well as the western hemisphere, the committee said it was "in accord with the philosophy of the program" but "is not in full accord as to the approach that should be made to attain" greater understanding between the peoples of the world. Books Not Right. Specifically, the committee said it is "not satisfied" with the types of books proposed to be distribut- (Continued on page 2, column 2) Draft Law to Merge Armed Forces Under Civilian Head i Washington, D. legislation abolish- ing the present war and navy departments and establishing a single new "department of common defense" was made public Tuesday by the senate military committee. I The measure is intended to carry out President Truman's request for unification of the armed forces. Drafted after months of closed-door sessions, the bill would raise the air forces to equal rank with the army and navy and place all three under a single new cabinet Gag Woman at Her Trial Mrs. Esperanza Pisanii is gagged by male nurse William Green (right) in Kings county court in New York City after she repeatedly ignored court's admonition to stop interrupting her trial for murder with her ranting. Mrs. Pisanii sat through re- mainder of session wearing gag and strait jacket and with her feet bound. (AP Wirephoto direct to Courier.) GIs to Watch Jap Election Tokyo Teams, of U.-.S. army poll-watchers" lisbed by Gen. Douglas Mac- Arthur Tuesday -to prevent brib- ery, vote thefts and coercion in Wednesday's election. Japanese general The supreme commander's de- cision to send American military squads to the polling places was part of his policy to assure a "free and untrammeled expres- sion" of the Japanese people's will for the first time in many years. Orders to the teams' instructed them to watch particularly for "police interference with campaign activity, efforts of landlords and employers to exert economic pow- er to influence voters, efforts of political machines to bribe voters, excessive campaign expenditures and dishonest tabulations of votes." Plane With Bed China Chief Losf Chungking Communist headquarters reported Tuesday that a, IT. S. army Dairying' Gen. Yeh Ting, "former commander of the Communist new Fourth army, and other party leaders to Yenan is missing. The plane left Chungking Mon- day for Yenan, Communist head- quarters, with 14 passengers. Search planes are seeking the transport, which last was report- ed in the vicinity of Sian. Names of ,the missing plane's crew were not announced. Fruit Blossoms Hurt by Freeze tBy Che Associated Fruit trees already in blossom in some areas and early flowers were expected to suffer possibly severe damage in parts of Iowa as a result of Monday night's severe freeze and extensive frost. Lowest temperature in the state was 20 degrees at Decorah, while Pocahontas had 21 degrees, Atlan- tic recorded 25 and Denison 26. Light frost was forecast for the extreme east Tuesday night with warmer weather in the rest of the state. Nylons Solve City's Housing Problem Grand Forks, N. D. This city solved its housing problem Tuesday with 515 pairs of nylon hose. The Greater Grand Forks asso- ciation, the Junior Chamber of Commerce and radio station KILO Monday night broadcast an offer of nylon hose to anyone who would rent a room or apartment to one of the city's 375 homeless veter- ans. By the end of the program the sponsors had given away one pair of hose to each of the 185 persons who offered single rooms and tvo pair each to the 165 landlords who had two and three-room apart- ments. "PERFECT BABY" DYIXG. Harbor City, Cal. Billy Taylor, 6, who won two perfect- baby contests when he was 2, is dying of a brain tumor, his par- ents, Mr. and Mrs. William Taylor, disclosed Tuesday. member, to be known as the "sec- The legislation was drafted by Police Feed Woman on "Health Hunt" West Caldwell, N. Tuesday gave food and drink to a 32-year-old babe in the woods who spent four days and nights in the forest near here because, she said, a fortune teller told her that was the way to cure her ills. The Newark woman said she had given the fortune teller, a woman, for the advice on the supposed cure of an ailment, the nature of which she wasn't sure! Police are looking for the for- tune teller. Admiral Halsey in Hospital With Cold Philadelphia. Ad- miral William F. (Bull) Halsey, Jr., 65, was resting comfortably in Philadelphia naval hospital early Tuesday suffering from an "upper respiratory the navy an- nounced. Halsey, whose home is in Wil- mington, Del., and who had been suffering for several days "with symptoms of a common cold is in, very good Capt. How- ard H. Montgomery, commanding officer of the hospital, said. Ashes in Iron Pipes Turned Into Decatur, fire destroyed C. T. Durbin's house he poked around the ruins and found two pieces of iron pipe which had j your ex-sergeant in it, too, been part of his cash box and) It's embarrassing at times. One It Says Here By Bob Hope Shortages are causing many vets to remodel their GI's into civvies. It's very simple. All you do is take off the brass buttons, have it cleaned and dyed, and wear a civilian suit over it and you look perfect. Happily, you get such a per- fect fit in the army, those GI outfits don't need much tail- oring. It's real- ly a perfect fit although it gets a little Bob Hope tiring to be walking along with which had contained in cur- rency. He took the pipes to a Decatur bank and some charred material in the pipes was sent to the feder- al treasury with the proper claim retary of common defense." Chairman Elbert Thomas (D- Although a complete new plan j Senator Austin jfor organization of the armed ranking Republican member of the I forces was presented, actual date committee. Senator Hill jfor abolition of the present war j Democratic whip, and representa- land navy departments would be.tives of the war and navy de- j determined by the president. ipartments, j filed. Treasury experts identified the charred bills and have authorized the bank to credit to Dur- bin's account. King Edward. Dutch Master. Red Dot. R, G, Dun, El Vrrso. Harvester (advertisement) fellow walked past a vegetable stand, and the right sleeve auto- matically started peeling potatoes. Those southern boys- are still pretty stubborn. The minute got around that uniforms were be- ing worn in different colors, they all rushed down and had theirs dyed gray One lad converted his army hel- met into a flower pot, but it was a disappointment no matter what kind of seeds he planted, beans kept coming up. Former Naval Chief Quizzed About Warning of Jap Surprise Raid. Washington. D. Adm. Harold R. J3tark, former chief of naval operations, said Tuesday that to the best of his knowledge he did not talk to the late President Roosevelt on the eve of the -Pearl Harbor attack. Stark, testifying before the Pearl Harbor committee in. a resumption of public hearings into the Dec. 7. 1941, naval disaster, said he be- lieved he would remember it if such a conversation had taken place. Be was recalled to the witness stand for questioning about the events of the evening of Dec. 6, 1941, because of other testimony that Roosevelt tried to reach Stark that night by telephone. The committee also recalled Gen. George C. Marshall, former army chief of staff, to question him again about his activities and whereabouts the night before Pearl Harbor. Meanwhile, it made public cor- respondence and "communications disclosing that nearly 10 months before the attack on Hawaii, the British asked this country join. in warning Japan that an attack on Singapore would mean war. Plea' from Churchill. The documents sonal plea from, JSime. Minister Winston Churchill to the Jatc President Roosevelt to do any- thing he could to "instill in Ja- pan anxiety as to a double war" with Britain and the United States. Stark was questioned about tes- timony of Cmdr. Lester R. Schultz, former White House naval attache. Schultz testified two months ago that when Roosevelt read an in- tercepted Japanese message the night of Dec. 6, he exclaimed "this means war" and tried to contact .Stark immediately. Schultz said Stark was at- tending musical comedy in downtown theater and the pres- ident decided to defer the tel- ephone call rather than take a chance of creating public- alarm by calling the chief of naval op- erations at the theater. Stark insisted that he never saw the intercepted Japanese message that night. Nor, he said, did he know of iti existence or the president's reac- tion to it. Committee Counsel Seth W. Richardson asked him if he was positive that Roosevelt did not contact him by telephone that night after the theater. Wouldn't Forget It. 'To the best of my knowledge and belief the president did not call me that night" Stark replied. Richardson asked if it was pos- sible that Stark would forget a telephone conversation with (he president under such circumstanc- es. Stark said he did not believe he would forget such a conversation "if there was anything definite such as the president's feelings about the message and the nature of it" "I am sure I would not have rested until I had seen that mes- Stark said. He testified that the first he heard of the Japanese message was upon arriving at his office the following morning just a few hours before Japanese planes attacked the fleet in Pearl Har- bor. A warning message in which he and Marshall collaborated reached Hawaii too late to alert its de- fenses against attack Hoped to Deter Japanese. In addition to Stark and Mar- shall, the committee called Rear Adrn. J. R. Beardall, former White House naval aide, for the brief re- opening of public hearings. The documents released by the committee showed that the British hoped the prospect of having to fight both the United States and Great Britain would deter Jap- anese aggressors. The British also suggested that the situation woald be "greatly improved" if the American naval forces in the Far East strengthened, either by sendint reinforcements to Manila dispatching a U S. fleet Attach- ment Singapore "At this stage of events the most effective check upon further Japanese adventures would appear to be some definite move on the., part of the American
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