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Waterloo Daily Courier (Newspaper) - April 10, 1944, Waterloo, Iowa The Money You Lerrd Comes Back in the End! FIRST WITH NEWS Rain tonight and Tuesday; fresh to strong winds. Complete weather forecast. 1. ESTABLISHED 1854 WATERLOO, IOWA, MONDAY, APRIL 10, 1944 FOURTEEN PAGES PRICE THREE CENTS GERMANS EVACUATE DESSA Raids Bleed Nazi Power HULL PLUDS Giraild Clashes, With DeGaulle him on planning post- organization, and said Will Work With Congress to Keep Foreign Policy Out of Politics. Washington, D. A broadcast explanation of American foreign policy cou- pled with a plea for home front unity on international isues launched Secretary of State Hull Monclnj' on a planned campaign to keep the principles of the nation's foreign policy out of election year contro- versies. "We are moving closer and closer to the hour of decision" in which the United Nations will determine whether the world will be ravaged by war again in 25 years, Hull said, and disunity in this country can render it inef- fective in carrying out its respon- sibility. The key to Hull's plans for keep- ing foreign policy decisions out of politics apparently lies in his an- nounced intention to work with a bipartisan committee of congress in shaping those plans in the first place. Sums Up Developments. He announced 'Sunday night in his unprecedentedly detailed sum- mation of foreign policy develop- ments that he had requested Chair- man Connally (D-Tex) of the sen- ate foreign relations committee to designate the bipartisan group to work with war world similar arrangements would be made with the house. Beyond this Hull may be ex- pected to try to keep projected foreign policy operations within the limits -which lie feels reason- ably sure the laaders of both ma- jor political parties and the peo- ple generally will support. He told his radio audience that a plan of organization is "worse than useless1' unless it has full sup- port both in this country and in the other nations which must sub- scribe to it if it is to be made effec- tive. Discusses Dozen Aspects. Hull discussed a dozen aspects of present foreign policy operations in obvious response to those critics who have claimed either that the state department's ways were ob- scure and secretive or that the de- partment and the administration lacked any basic principles. The issues he discussed fell in- to two classes: Immediate prob- lems leading to victory and future problems of the armistice and postwar organizations. The principal immediate prob- lems were: said the United States would not recognize the French committee of national liber- ation as the government of France because it "is, of course, not the government of' France." On the other hand the fully ex- pects that the committee will gov- ern liberated areas of France un- der the supervision of the Allied in- vasion .chief. Gen. Dwight D. Eis- enhower. Hopeful of Italy. United States is hope- ful that there may be early reor- ganization of the Italian govern- ment to include representatives of the socallcd six antiFascist politi- cal parties because the present con- ferences of those parties in Italy hold a "promise of No earlier reorganization was possible. Hull said, because mili- tary leaders there felt U would not he to the advantage of the military situation to impose reor- ganization from the top. laid down the principle that "we can no longer acquiesce in these nations' draw- ing upon the resources of the Allied world when they at the same time contribute to the death of troops whose sacrifices contribute to their salvation as well as ours." Argument No Good. Because United Nations strength now assures German's defeat. Hull said, neutrals can no longer argue that they must compromise with Germany in order to save them- selves. He named no specific countries but his remarks were interpreted to apply alike to Sweden. Ireland. Spain and Portugal, and Turkey. War declared Gen. Henri Giraud (left) has refused to accept the post of in- spector-general of the French armed forces after Gen. Charles De Gaulle (right) abolished the position of commander-in-chief which Giraud has been holding. Giraud refused to recognize abolition of the commandyr-in-chief office. The men appear here as they inspected a guard of honor in north Africa May 30. (AP HII FfflHIES Moitai Crew in Raid on France (INS) daring Brit- ish commando raid on a "well- guarded" beach along the northern coast of France in which a German post was wiped out and a six- barreled mortar captured was re- ported by the London Evening Standard Monday. Quoting the periodical "Paris" published at Casablanca, the Stand- was made near mouth of the ard said the raid Harfleur at the Seine. The attack was made on a dark and misty night. British commandos went ashore undetected, cut their way through barbed wire and killed a German sentry before he was able t0 give the alarm. The commandos then over- whelmed the mortar position, wip- ing out the crew. According to the British returned without suffering casual- ties except for one man whose foot was crushed in moving the heavy mortar across the beach. Reports Japan to Move Capital Into Manchuria Chungking (U.R) Japan will j move her capital from Tokyo to Hsinking. in the puppet state of Manchuria, when the Allied Pacific ofTenhive moves closer to the home islands, the Chungking edition of the Shanghai Post and Mercury said Monday. The newspaper said buildings had been erected in the former city of Changchun in the last few years to provide substitutes for Tokyo structures if it became necessary. The palace now occupied by "Manchuria's" emperor Henry Pu Yi would be used by the emperor I of Japan, the dispatch said. Next Move Up to DeGaulle Charles De .Gaulle was confronted with a direct challenge to his authorily as president of the I'Yeneh committee of national liberation Monday as Gen. Henri Giraud stood firm on his refusal to accept dismissal as commander-in- chief of the French armed forces. Giraud's stand apparently left the next move in the contest be- tween the two generals squarely up to De Gaulle. But there was no indication, of the letter's probable course of ac- tion. The situation was further con- fused by the assertion of some of Giraud's followers that several members of the liberation com- mittee had threatened to resign in an expression of sympathy with him. The 65-year-old Giraud, who escaped from France in 1941 to take over leadership of French armed forces, sent a sharp for- mal letter to De He declared the latter's action violated French republican law as well as French national committee ordinances determining a separa- tion of civil and military powers and organization of a high com- mand. "I am not Giraud said. "I accept neither the prin- ciple of suppression of the post of commander-in-chief of the French armed forces in the middle of war, nor the honorary post which you have designed for me." U. Force of More Than V 000 Planes Bomb Holland, French Targets. London U. S. air task forces totalling to bombers and fighters smashed at plane factories and airfields in Belgium and Prance Monday in the third straight clay of fierce bleeder blows against Nazi air power. The Americans struck after heavy RAF night raids on rail targets at Lille and in the south- ern outskirts at Paris. Saturday they bombed Bruns- wick airplane plants and airdromes nfear Frankfort, wrecking 148 Nazi planes in battle. Monday the heavy bombers hopped across the North sea to smack the Evere and Virorde plane repair works and Melsbroek air- drome near Brussels, aircraft fac- tories at Bourges about 115 miles south of Paris, and military ob- jectives in the Pas-de-Calais area of France and elsewhere. "Strong" Forces. The forces were described as between 500 and 750 bombers escorted by as many Thunderbolts, Mustangs, and Lightnings. The daylight fleet took off soon after the RAF heavy bombers re- turned from raiding Villeneuve-St. Georges, a junction on the main rail lines from southern and west- ern France just 12 miles south of the center of Paris, and Lille, im- portant junction on northern French rail lines. Mosquito bombers hit Man- hcim and other unspecified ob- jectives, and extensive minelay- ing operations were carried out at long range, all at a night cost of 11 planes, the air ministry said It was the first major British as- sault in a week. Canadian fighter-bombers and Mosquitos attacked grounded air- craft at Toul and Saint Dizier and Army Officer Tries to Shoot Pres.Camacho Mexico City, D. A Mexican army officer at- tempted to assassinate Presi- dent Gen. Manuel Avila Cam- acho in the national palace Monday, hut was disarmed after missing with a pistol shot at point- blank range. The president grappled with the assassin and held both his arms while members of the pres- idential party seized the pun. The officer, identified as artillery Lt. Antonio Lama Rojas, ap- proached Camacho as the president was walking through the main pa- tio of the palace from his car to the entry of. his private elevator. Lama saluted and walked direct- ly toward the president, who appar- ently believed the officer wanted to speak with him. At three paces, Lama drew a .45-caliber automatic pistol and opened fire. His first shot missed, and the president immediately seized him, preventing him from getting in an- other shot. Maj. Enfren Ortiz Bartolo. who was accompanying the president, struck Lama while another aide, Lt. Mario Castenada, took his pistol. Camacho ordered the assassin taken into his private elevator and on the way up to his offices asked Lama why he had tried to kill him. "For a long time I have been wanting to interview the president to complain that I am not allowed to go to church nor to attend mass in Lama was quoted. To a Village It Shouldn't Happen By JACK GAVF.R New York got its ballet full Sunday night. S. Hurok presented his ballet theater down at the Metropolitan opera house. Missouri River Near Flood Stage Omaha, Missouri river, fed by melting snow in the Dakotas and spring rains in north- eastern Nebraska, approached flood stage at Omaha and Blair, Neb., Monday. The muddy water already was overflowing the banks in spots at Blair, and two families in the low- lands were forced to move. The official reading there was 18 feet. Flood stage is 19 feet. F. La Guardia sponsored the bal- The big river was up to the 15.5 let Russe de Monte Carlo (boy. is feet level at Omaha. 24 miles south that a tongue-roller) up at his city center of music and drama. (Continued on page 2. column 1) INDEX Index "Believe It or 7 Cedar Falls 5 City in Brief................... 6 IMarkets ........................10 Northeast Iowa................. 5 Radio Programs................. 7 Ration Calendar 4 Serial Story..................... 7 Society......................... 6 Sports.......................... 9 Theaters..................... 71 blanketed Uncle Ray's Corner 7 area- Uncle of Blair, shortly before noon. 34 Marooned in Rockies Storm Denver, least two persons were dead, 34 Easter holiday motorists were marooned in a ski lodge atop the Rockies, and an army air field was partial- ly wrecked by a sudden storm that broke through southeast Wyoming, Colorado, western Kansas and northern New Mexico Monday. Transportation and communica- tion facilities in the four states were vastly hampered. Snow to the depth of six inches other targets in France Sunday, the air ministry announced. Many bomber crews back from Monday's attacks reported they en- counted no fighter opposition and that flak was light, even over the targets. "Token" Attacks. One group back from Belgium reported "token" attacks by groups of a half-dozen Focke Wulf 190's attacking head-on and an even smaller number of Messerschmitt 109's striking simultaneously from the rear. The RAF's night operations came as a swift followup to long-range daylight assaults Sunday by large forces of U. S. heavy bombers against key Nazi aircraft factories in Poland, East Prussia and north- east Germany. Although the Paris area had been hit by American daylight raiders during the past year, the former French capital received its last heavy night blow from the RAF May 30, 1942. Lille, an important railway and manufacturing center in northern France with a peacetime popula- tion of nearly had been bombed many times by both the British and Americans. Hit Locomotive Works. One of the most vital industries there is the German-controlled Fives-Lille Steel and Engineering Works, producing steam and elec- tric locomotives, bridge-building materials and other heavy en- gineering equipment. The plant has a capacity of 100 to 150 mainline type of locomotives annually. The city is one of the principal junctions on the northern rail- way. The German radio said the Ville- neuve-St. Georges attack left at least 100 persons dead and a large number injured. It was the first time this city had been announced as a specific target. The Germans indicated Sunday night's RAF attacks were on a large scale. "I considered it unfair. That's why I did this." He was removed to the Santiago military prison after questioning. Hitler Ordering German Women to Army world war Says Installations Destroyed But Allies Doubt Nazi Garrison All Out. Marshal Joseph Stalin announced Monday in an order of the day the capture of Odessa, Russia's greatest Black sea port. Capture of the once-gay port, ruined in a two-month siege by the Germans and by 905 days of rigid occupation, was announced after the German high command had acknowledged its' evacua- tion in one of Adolf Hitler's most humiliating defeats. Stalin said the capture of the city, to which many had expect- ed the Germans would cling stubbornly as a thorn in the side of the Red army's Balkan ad- vance, had cleared away a major obstacle to "the central regions of Romania." London The Ger- mans Monday announced the loss of Odessa, last big Russian city in their hands, and with it, probably their sole remain- ing toehold in the once com- pletely overrun Ukraine.. German and Romanian troops completed the evacuation or the Black sea port Sunday' night after destroying all installations, the official Nazi DNB ajency re- ported at noon (6 a. m. Demolition work had been un- der way for several weeks, DNB said.' Premier Marshal Joseph Stalin was expected to confirm the fall of Odessa, largest Russian city to be liberated since Kiev, and perhaps the complete liberation ol the Ukraine in a special order of the day later. A victory salute from Moscow's guns was certain. Doubt Garrison Taken Out. Despite the DNB announcement, military observers were inclined to doubt that the Germans were able to extricate more than a por- tion of the beleaguered garrison of Odessa. Gen, Rodion Y. Malinovsky's Third Ukrainian army, closing in on Odessa from three sides, was only a few miles north of the only railway line out of the city still, in German hands Sunday and Mos- cow dispatches said it was believed already out of operation. Even if the Germans did con- tinue to operate the line, it de- pended on ferries to ford Dnestr lagoon west of Odessa and was regarded as totally in- adequate for any withdrawal. Soviet planes and units of the Black sea fleet maintained con- stant air and sea patrols to prevent any attempted Dunkerque evacua- tion to Romanian or Bulgarian ports. Had Month Ago. The garrison ol Odessa a month ago numbered more thaji but was believed much smaller at the time of its hual retreat. The Germans announced their alsrjdonment of Odessa IcSi than 12 hours after the. Soviet high command in Us midnight Commu- nique disclosed that Malinovsky's forces had broken into the north- ern suburbs with the capture of Sortjiovochnaya. three miles from the city line, on the. three quar- ters' of-a-mile-wide isthrr.us be- twteis Kuyalmvzky lagoon and Odessa bay. Soviet partisans who have been hiding in the vast catacombs, sewers and basements honey- combing Odessa's foundations since the capture of the port by the Germans Oct. 16, 1941 were believed to have aided in the final rout of the enemy. Moscow dispatches said the par- tisans had been awaiting only the signal from the advancing Red army to swarm from their hideouts and fall upon the enemy from the rear. During the long months of occu- pation, the partisans carried out sporadic terror raids against the German' and Romanian garrison, but never acted In full strength. Had Population of The Germans first laid siege io Odessa, which then had a popula- tion of on Aug. 12, 1M1. For -two months the city, one erf the most modern in the Soviet Un- ion, was pounded by the and massed heavy artillery. the city finally yielded. the Germans found only a 'I
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