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Waterloo Daily Courier (Newspaper) - May 11, 1942, Waterloo, Iowa DOLLAR DAY WATERLOO Wednesday, May 13 ESTABLISHED 1854 NEWS The Weather showers tonight. Complete forecast for Iowa M iUtes on 2. WATERLOO, IOWA, MONDAY, MAY 11, 1942 TWENTY-FOUR PAGES PRICE THREE CENTS CHINESE MAY RETAKE WANTING Shows Up Hitler's Poison Gas Plan British' Prepared to Pour Gas on Germany if Hitler Starts Gas War. RUSSIA CHARGES NAZIS HAVE ALREADY USED GAS Min- ister Winston Churchill gave liis gas-foivgas warning to Adolf Hitler Sunday after a cross-check had convinced al- lied leaders that Germany in- tends to xise poison gas in a last, desperate attempt to crush Russia, responsible informants said Monday. So convincing .was evidence re- ceived from the continent, diplo- matic informants said, that aJ-, lied leaders decided Britain should move to place upon Ger- many the responsibility for the start of gas warfare, and warn Germans that they, in the end, would pay bitterly. It vfas.belieyed possible iLhat Ger- might start' an offensive against Russia with gas or use it only as a climactic weapon if other means of warfare failed, but there seemed conviction that Germany sooner or later would use it. Informants said the allied cross- check of gas reports extended as far back as last January and showed that Germany was making prepa- rations on a massive scale for gas warfare. Gas Shipped to East Front. Reports included: That large shipments of mustard gas had moved by trainloads in February, under heavy guard, thru one district which serves the Ger- man front in the east. That between January and March frequent shipments of gas in earth- German broadcasts heard in London and New York Monday reported some of the details of Churchill's speech to the German people hut significantly failed to mention the British prime minis- ter's warning regarding gas war- fare. enware and glass containers, in ad- dition to crates of gas shells of various calibers, had moved to the front, some crates marked "not to be opened except by special order." That in a construction area near the eastern front large con- crete gas reservoirs had been built. That Germany had developed a six-barreled gun, called "do kan- to throw grenades and shells filled with liquid gas of tremendous corrosive effect. That preparations had been made to drop gas in large glass spheres, designed to break on contact and disperse widely. That German officials in eastern Europe had been ordered to provide themselves with gas masks and keep them handy. Building; Gas Shelters. That gas shelters were under con- struction thruout Germany, even in villages. That three factories in unoccupied France were manufacturing flame throwers, apparently to be carried on motorcycles, for the Germans. Many military authorities still ex- pressed doubt of the efficacy of gas, aside from the retaliatory brake, but they admitted thnt the Germans always envisage its use in a last resort, or try with it to re- duce specific objectives. Britons expressed approval of Churchill's warning that Britain would use gas against Germany it Germany used it against Rus- sia. They girded themselves for a new phase the war which in sheer terror might pale earlier terrors, in the confident belief that as in aer- ial bombing warfare, they could take what Germany had to give and pay back on an inexorably increas- ing scale. In one of the great speeches ol his career, Churchill announced his portcnous news Sunday that Russia had advised him that the Germans in their desperation, might resort to gas against the armies and peo- ple of Russia. Have Already Tried Gas Out In fact, Russia had alrcacJy (Continued on page 11) Stonecutter Planes Huge Iron Castings for War Illustrating how private out by the war readjust itself to help knock out the Axis, the Carl Moline stone-cutting plant, 827 Commercial street, Monday was running full blast, machining break-in blocks of iron on which lank engines will be moored. ._____ Stone-cutting-, an art and busi- ness for Moline since 1904, went out of date when the nation, after Pearl Harbor, banned non-essen- tial building. "With no there was no demand for finished stone blocks and slabs. With no demand, there was no use for Moline's planers. Turn to War Work. But then, .because the machinery was capable of handling the job__ came this war production job, and Moline and his men went back to work, harder than before. Gray iron castings weighing pounds each and measuring 18 feet in now sliding thru the planers at Moline's plant, being machined for use in a De- troit, Mich., war tank engine fac- tory. The bulky castings, 36 inches wide and nine and one-half inches deep when turned out of the foundry, must be machined and planed to an exact depth of eight inches be- fore they can be used as moorings for the heavy Diesel engines which are being run thru tests and the break-in period, at Detroit. Contract Thru Harmon. Contract for 67 of these two-ton break-in blocks is being handled here by the Harmon Foundry com- pany, 520 West Parker street. The Viking Pump company. Cedar Falls, is producing the castings, on sub- contract. One of the blocks is being fin- ished daily at the Moline shop, even tho it may require six or more hours' overtime labor for the workmen and machinery. And when the 67 are done, there may be more work of similar nature for Moline and his men, because they are ready to handle it with machinery built to accommodate such heavy castings. The only other equipment in the whole area capable of doing such work is at the Illinois Central rail- road shops, and it busy keeping up with railroad jobs. RAF Renews Raid on Coastal Areas RAF renewed raids on axis-held French targets Monday, sending small groups of fighters across the channel to at- tack coastal areas. Inclement weather Sunday night had temporarily halted Britain's aerial offensive against Germany following one of the war's heaviest daylight raids Sunday in which RAF formations 15 miles wide pounded enemy objectives inland from the Boulogne area of the French coast. German retaliatory raids Sunday morning resulted in the death of a man and injury to several civilians at an English southeast coast town, McNamee Funeral to Be Held Tuesday New services for Graham McNamee, pioneer ra- dio announcer, will be held at 2 p. m., Tuesday at Campbell funer- al chapel. McNamee died at St. Luke's hospital Saturday of a brain embolism which followed long ill- ness of a streptococcus infection. He was 53. Heads 33rd Brig. Gen. Frank C. Mali in (above) has been named com- mander of the 33rd division at Camp Forest, Tenn. A native of as a ma- jor''ni world war 1 arid'Ttor the past seven years has been in in- spector general's department of the army. Sunshine Trips Depend on Gifts News Feature Index Page "Believe It or Not" 8 Brady's Health Talk 4 Cedar Falls News 6 City in Brief ...................10 Classified Ads ...............20-21 Comics........... .............23 Editorial......................4 Farm News ....................21 Markets .......................22 Mcrry-Go-Rounrt in News 4 Northeast Iowa Events 6 Parsons' IMovie Talk ...........19 Private Lives 4 Radio Programs ................19 Serial Story g Society ........................10 Sporls ......................I7_ig Theatre; Entertainment .........19 Uncle Ray's Corner 8 Uncle VViggtly.................. g War Activities Directory 4 Wlnchcl! on Broadway .........23 THE FUND TODAY. Previously reported It was indeed a blue Monday for needy Waterloo children eag- erly looking forward to country vacations this summer as the day passed without a contribution be- ing made to the Courier Sunshine Fund. Tuesday afternoon the most needy youngsters referred by so- cial agencies in the city for the four-week vacations will be chosen at a meeting in the office of Mrs. Lutie B. Larson, chairman of the selection committee, at East Jun- ior High school. Just how many of these chil- dren can be sent to enjoy the sun- shine, fresh air and good food at the country homes depends upon future gifts. Fifteen dollars will pay the cost of one child's vacation. To date the funds will provide six such vacations. Contributors are urged to scnd or bring donations to the Courier business office as soon as possible. Peru's President Pledges Help to Beat Axis Powers Washington, D. dent Manuel Prado told the senate Monday that "the co-operation of Peru is destined to represent a factor of real importance in the solutions of the common problems of the defense of our continent." The Peruvian president, in a 10- minute speech in the senate cham- ber, outlined Peru's position on world affairs and pledged the co- operation his country m the United Nation's war effort. "In the name of Peru, whose des- tinies I have the honor to guide. 1 reiterate in this supreme moment her spontaneous adherence to the international policy of President the president said. Broadcast on "Pleasures of Life" Shifts to Warning of U. S. Raiders. WASHINGTON RELEASES STORY ON APRIL ATTACK Have You Rooms to Rent? Place an acl in the Classi- fied and you won't have a vacancy for long. It's the quick, successful way to find tenants. Many calls were received to this ad and the rooms were rented: 2 FURNISHED Rooms, Utilities PcV Close In. 010 Mulberry. COURIER CLASSIFIED GIRLS Phone 77Jl Washington, D. One minute the radio announ- cer in Tokyo was "'detailing the pleasures of life in Japan and the freedom from fear of bombing." And the next: "A warning- was broadcast in Japanese to the effect that Tokyo was then being bombed by a great number of low-flying air- planes And then an hour or so later: there were between three and four thousand casualties. "The Japanese people were asked to pray for rain to extinguish the fires and to decrease the chance for further air raids." That was what United States army bombers reported hearing in their earphones as they approached and left Japan on the Saturday after- noon of April 18. In its first communique giving "Japan" as the scene of action, the war department Sunday broke a three-week silence on the raids that brought a welter of panicky and contradictory reports from Japan. One Question Unanswered. The question that has been haunt- ing the Japanese ever "Where did they come left pointedly unanswered. The communique, reporting that U. S. army bombers had made the first attack in years on what the Japanese regard as the sacred soil of their homeland, said: "The attack was made in clear weather in the middle of the day, the planes flying at low altitudes low that it was necessary to avoid barrage balloons. "The selected targets were unmis- takable and were accurately attack- ed with demolition and incendiary bombs. "Military, naval and industrial plants were the objectives in the vicinity of Tokyo. Yokohama, Nago ya and other localities. Large fires were started which continued to burn in some instances for at least two days. Program Cut Off. "An interesting sidelight on the raid was the fact that as the planes approached Japan a propaganda broadcast in English was being transmitted by a Tokyo radio sta- tion. "The announcer was detailing the pleasures of life in Japan and the freedom from fear of bombing. "Suddenly, this program was cut off, and a warning was broad- cast in Japanese to the effect that Tokyo was then being bombed by .1 great number of low-flying air- planes which are travelling at a. terrific speed. "The Japanese announcer stated that these planes were moving too fast to be overtaken. "He later reported that three Japanese interceptor planes had been lost. "Later in the afternoon a further broadcast announced that there were between and cas- ualties. People Asked to Pray. "The Japanese people were asked to pray for rain to extinguish the fires and to decrease the chance for further air raids. "Subsequently, the tone of the broadcast became less feverish nnd it was announced that only hospi- tals, schools, and other points of no possible military value had been bombed and that even then the damage had been slight. "Forty eight hqurs laler the Tokyo broadcaster reported that the fires started during the raid were then under control." .There was no confirmation of Japanese reports at the time that nine planes had been shot down. SAVE A LIFE IN 1942! Traffic Toll In City of Waterloo This Year and Last. Since Same Jim. 1, Ditto Number of accidents___135 170 Number of injured...... SO Number killed 1 5 Wednesday Dollar Day Opportunity Waterloo merchants will hole their annual spring Dollar da> Wednesday, May 13, first such sales event for northeast low; patrons since the United States en tered the second world war. This should be an opportune lime to buy because merchandise is becoming- more and more diffi- cult to get, Clifford Collins, chairman of the Chamber of Commerce retail trade commit- tee, said Monday in commenting on Dollar day. Altho it is becoming more diffi- cult to procure merchandise, Wa terloo merchants made arrange ments far enough in advance to make certain they would have am pie stocks on hand. Wartime restrictions on the manufacture of many commodi- ties, many of them invoked in re- cent weeks, probably will become increasingly felt. As in past Dollar day events, Wa terloo stores have added extra cler ical help to handle the day's busi ness. With (he (public conscious of the desirability of buying needed articles now, it is expected that Wednesday's crowds of shoppers will be large. The retail trade committee of the Chamber sponsors Dollar Day. .Russ Lisf More Germans Killed in Local Battles Moscow The Red army is striking steadily at German concentrations in local operations, the official news agency reported Monday, listing engagements in which another axis soldiers were killed. On the Kalinin front, the Germans previously were dis- lodged from a stronghold and lost an entire the Rus- sians repulsed an enemy counter- attack and counted more than 400 bodies on the field, the commu- nique said. On the northern front, another 200 Germans were killed after be- ing encircled by Russian forces. Legion to Meet in Indianapolis Chicago The first war time national convention of the American Legion, expected to see little of the funmaking and horse play that characterized such con vcntions of other years, Monday was awarded to Indianapolis, Ind. subject to approval of the Legion'; national executive committee. Originally scheduled for New Or leans, the organization's 1942 meet- ing changed because of war transportation and other problems which led legion officers to look for an inland site for the session. The dntes were set as Sept. 19 20 and 21. State to Get More Rain Is Forecast DCS moisture was in prospect Monday and Mon- day night following torrential rains Sunday night which extended over virtually all the state but dumped the heaviest downpour in the south- west quarter and central portion of Iowa. Some rivers in the area rose rap- idly, but most of them were low and little flooding appeared likely un- less additional heavy rains fall. WiiUerset with 2.ob inches listed the heaviest downpour for the 24 hours ending at a. m. Temperatures remained mild with the state high Sunday 73 at Du- buqwe and the night's low 48 at De- corah. WINNER OF PULITZER BIOGRAPHY PRIZE DIES West, Wilson, 59, newspaperman, soldier and au- thor, died Sunday less than a week after winning the Pulitzer prize for biography. He won the prize for "Crusader in a life of Harriett Beechcr Stowe published in March. 1941. n.ATIONING NOT SO GOOD. New Maimovv- rationed his cigarct. He put the butt in his pocket and lost his trousers in an ensuing flro. He was hospitalized for leg burns. Sub Lurking Close to Shore Torpedoes British Ship; Two Men Killed. REST OF CREW RESCUED 200 YARDS FROM LAND Palm Beach, Fla. An axis submarine, lying iu wait 300 yards off the lower Atlantic coast, torpedoed a medium-sized British merchant- man in broad daylight iu sight of several hundred spectators who witnessed the rescue of the-Ves- sel's crew from the beach. Bathers and fishermen, attract- ed by the explosion only a mile and a half off shore, told Monday how they saw the stricken ship in a cloud of steam to within 200 yards of land before she was abandoned by members of her crew. The torpedoing was the ninth an- nounced by the navy since May 4 from which survivors have been landed at Florida ports. George W. Boynton, a former sailor who was fishing, saw the at- tack and helped tow two lifeboats, containing 31 crewmen, ashore. "I saw her shudder from the im- pact of the Boynton said. "I had been watching her for sev- eral minutes as she passed our fishing boat. "Practically Blew Up." "And you can imagine my sur- prise 200 yards she practically blew up in front of my eyes. "The explosion wasn't so ]oud as you would expect from a torpedo. "It sounded like it came from the bottom of the sea. "I immediately thought she had struck a floating mine. "I didn't think a submarine would dare come so near shore, especially in broad daylight. "I maneuvered my fishing boat alongside the ship and yelled to the men aboard, asking what I could do. "An officer told me to stand by, and about 20 minutes later I helped the lifeboats in. I saw no sign of a submarine." Arthur Forshay, construction work- er on the beach, said after hearing the explosion, he saw what he be- lieved to be the submarine's peri- scope. "It looked like a stovepipe mov- ing out to he said. Frank White. 25, third officer, from Cardiff, Wales, said two men who were on duty in the engine room were killed by the explo- iion. Nazis Use Tricks. With the Atlantic Fleet, at Sea, Delayed Ships of the At- lantic fleet today were urged to ceep a keen watch for axis sub- nsrines disguised as ice floes. Disclosure that an enemy sub- mersible had tried this new form oj camouflage was made just at the time that the frigid Arctic regions begin their summer thaw and tumble millions of pounds of ice into the ocean. Captain of the V. S. warship on which this is written de- scribed the latest axis subter- fuge and told of other methods by which the axis hoped to en- snare allied ships. He said that axis trickery rarely troves effective against our war- >vise navy. The U-boat that posed as an ice floe, according to the captain, was daubed with a brilliantly white camouflage paint, making it dif- "icult to distinguish the sub's con- ling tower from a jagged piece of ice, jutting from the floe. Olhcr Methods. Other methods of enemy dis- juisc on the high seas, according .o the skipper, included cvery- hing from the use of distress sig- lalfc to novel painting of the sub- marine. He explained that every case he described was a matter of official record. One of the enemy submersibles ook the role of a lightship. It came to the surface, dropped anchor, and blinked its signal ights in the same fashion of a ightboat. Its objective was to attract al- icd vessels toward it, then bang away with its torpedoes. The ruse didn't work. Another axis sub showed only its conning- tower, that painted lllcp ti signal- buoy, -with Two Youths Held for Girl's Death Dubuque, Attorney E. J. Kean announced Monday afternoon that he had decided to file homicide charges against Glenn Oxley, 22, and Milton Jeager, jr., IS, in con- nection with the death early Sunday morning of 17-year-ol'd Ruth Griffith, only daughter of Mr. and Mrs. O. E. Griffith of Dubuque. Both Oxley and Jeager 'are Du- buquers. The county attorney made his an- nouncement after receiving a report on an autopsy conducted by Coun- ty Coroner C. C. Coady. The coroner's report showed, the county attorney said, that the death of the girl waL due to "over- indulgence in alcohol aggravated by neglect and exposure.- Chief of Police Joe Slrub said Oxley had admitted placing the body of the girl in a ditch highway 20 two miles from the Dubuque city limits early Sunday. Jaeger was Oxley's companion when the girl was picked up Satur day night after a movie. The body was found after a Du buque man reported seeing it lying in the ditch while driving here early .Sunday. JCoady said the only evidences o injury to the girl were a cut over one eye and swollen lips. Strub said the following- story had been told to him by the two youths: After a movie Saturday night the two picked up the girl, drove to a roadhouse where they bought a pint of liquor, drank the liquor anc rode in the car until 2 a. m. Jaeger said he had been, driving while the other two remained ii the back seat of the automobile. When Jaeger discovered the two apparently were asleep in the car he drove io the girl's home anc went home himself. Oxley said he awakened about 6 a. m. and tried to arouse the girl. When a second attempt to awak- en her failed he said he took Miss Griffith to a point about two miles outside the city limits on highway 20 and placed her in a ditch, West Coast to Go "Dim" Until War Has Ended San Francisco, (U.R) office of civilian defense, at the re- quest of the navy, Monday ordered a "dim out" of the California coast from the Oregon border to Santa Maria, Cal.. for the duration of :he war. The order becomes effec- tive Monday night. The order, covering the Califor- nia coast line included in the Twelfth naval district, specified that every light which is visible at sea must be put out. Bridge and highway lights must darkened or shielded. Lights of private homes and aeach amusement concessions front- ng on the Pacific ocean must be darkened completely, or adequately shielded by blackout protection. U. S. Subs Sink Jap Destroyer Washington, D. C. The navy announced Monday that American submarines in the Far )sst had sunk three more Jap- anese ships, including a destroyer. The other ships were a naval cargo ship and a medium sized cargo ship., The sinkings have not been re- ported before. The navy sairl these sinkings vere not related to the recent naval engagement in the Coral sea. The new sinkings bring to 42 he number of Japanese ships sunk iy American subs alone. In addition, 12 others are listed is probably sunk and 11 dam- ped. Continued OR page 2, column Terrorists Blow Up Radio Paris Vichy. France Anti-nazi terrorists Monday dynamited and silenced the loudest pro-German ra- dio station in occupied France Radio Paris. Dispatches said that Radio Paris was dynamited early this morning and 'hat the pyJons were destroyed, bringing down the aerial near 130 miles south of P.nris. The damage wns so complete, it was reported, that the station may not be able to return to i'ts nor- mal wave length for somes time. Perfects CortM. Repulsed and Troops Fail Back After Killed. STILWELL MOVES NORTH AGAINST ENEMY REAR Chungking, China Japanese troops caught in a trap on the Burma-China front Monday night were reported evacuating the border town of Wanting because of heavy losses and the interception of their reinforcements by the Chi- nese. A Chinese communique said that enemy reinforcements mov- ing northward in Burma in an effort to break the trap, drawn tight by allied troops under Lt. Gen. Joseph W. Stihvell, had beeri halted in fierce fighting: that still is in progress. As a result of the failure of the reinforcements to break thru, mili- tary sources reported later, the Jap. anese in the trap along the Burma- China border were forced to fall back from Wanting where they originally had pushed into southern China. Their losses were said to have been too heavy for them to remain in. More Than Killed. More than Japanese troops have been killed in the death trap closed upon them by the Chinese, who slammed shut the back door to China and sent the invaders reel- ing back southward from Chefang 24 miles inside Chinese territory. While one strong Chinese force drove down upon the Japanese mechanized spearhead of invasion from the north, another force led by Stilwell drove up from the south along the Burma road, from recap- tured Maymyo and threatened Man- dalay toward Lashio and the Yun- nan border. Monday's Chinese communique said that the Japanese "rescue force" had struck swiftly north- ward, aiming at breaking the Chi-- nese ring of encirclement and saving the Japanese invasion spearhead from complete disas- ter. "However the fresh column was intercepted by the Chinese and heavy fighting is going on." the communique said. On the Salween river in eastern Burma the Japanese suffered 200 additional casualties in a three-day battle beginning May 5 when they attempted, in three drives, to cap- ture the town of Kongum, it was stated. In Trouble at Bhamo. It was acknowledged Monday that the Japanese captured the Bur- mese town of Myitkyina Friday j'n an attack from Bhamo, northwest of Lashio. A Japanese column around Bhamo was said to he facing annihilation Monday after the severing of its communication lines. From ancient Mandalay to moun- tainous Chefang, counter-attacking forces of General StJiwell pressed a ruthless campaign of annihilation, completely isolating one enemy column pnd tightening a vise on the survivors of another. Bodies of Japanese littered the re- treat from Chefang, 24 miles inside China's Yunnan province from Burma. Here the Chinese and Americans collaborated in a lightning blow against an enemy mechanized force heading toward Kunming while a Chinese army in Burma recaptured May 'ye, closed in an Mandalay and sent a spearhead north along the Burma road. On Way to Wanting. The immediate Chinese objectives now are Wanting, frontier town at the gateway to Yunnan, and Lash- io. the Burma road's southern ter- minus, Chinese military authorities revealed. They said the sudden collapse of the invading Japanese mechanized column had returned to Chinese control the southwestern Yunnan towns of Lingling and Chefang and the mountain range on west bank of the Salween river. The Chinese central agency reported that the Japa- nese were rushing m Mcon4 mechanised column up Uio Bar- ma road, from in MI fort to rescue thn the Chefang and save them front "The entire'mtchgmfced which entered H province'frocfl
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