Friday, April 17, 1942

Waterloo Daily Courier

Location: Waterloo, Iowa

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Waterloo Daily Courier (Newspaper) - April 17, 1942, Waterloo, Iowa Remember Pearl Harbor! Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps FIRST ESTABLISHED 1854 WITH THE NEWS WATERLOO, IOWA, FRIDAY, APRIL'17, 1942 TWENTY PAGES The Weather Continued cool. Complete forecast lor Iowa and M states on J. PRICE THREE CENTS ALLIED OFFENSE NEAR STIMSON Open Iowa "Annapolis" Uniformed naval officers stand at attention before the flag during colorful ceremonies at Iowa City, la., when the new avia- tion preliminary flight training school is commissioned at the University of Iowa. Just to left of flagpole is Maj. Bernie Bierman, of (he marines, former Minnesota football coach, now head of physical education at the training school. Several thousand stu- dent fficrs are expected to be enrolled for fundamental flying in- struction at the school, the navy said. In background is the fieldhouse where much of the activity will take place. British Bomber Squadrons Extend Hammering Blows Large formations of Britain's "second front" air armada bombed French targets until twilight Fri- day in the sixth consecutive day of an offensive that the air ministry credited with enemy soldiers and civilians tied up in defense of western Germany. By SIDNEY J. WILLIAMS bomber bv extraordinary "clouds" of fighter back and forth across the English channel Friday, battering nazi targets with bomb loads that shook the French coast for the sixth Btraight day. German airplanes retaliated by bombing two southwest tOWnS Friday afternoon> when they encountered fierce few casualties but no dead. A church was hit end the altar knocked down. The British some American Eagle appeared to be the largest numbers Been over the channel since the war began, indicating that the RAF steadily was stepping up its day and night aerial offensive. Many more than the 400 planes that attacked northern France ob- jectives Thursday were reported in action. Attack in Relays. The German radio reported that the Luftwaffe had bombed South- ampton on the south coast of Eng- land over night after shooting down seven RAF planes in Thursday's fighting over France. British bombers and fighters were attacking in steady re- lays and almost continuous ex- plosions would be heard along (he French coast, indicating that airdromes and industrial areas as well as coastal positions were attacked. A United Press correspondent on the southeast coast said the area from Boulogne to Calais was at- tacked heavily by planes that roared over at feet and then dived down into heavy 'anti-aircraft fire. The formations later wore seen returning over Folkestone at the same time new British squadrons raced toward France. One Eagle Scores. One American Eagle, Pilot Officer Leo Strattong Nomis, 20, of Los Angeles, who was accompanied by Pilot Officer John L. Lynch, 24. of Alhambra, Cal., shot down a Jun- kers 88 Friday morning on a rou- tine convoy flight. Friday's first daylight sweep of the French coast followed an apparent tapering of Hie ex- tremely heavy raids bombers have visited upon Germany it- self four nights of the past sev- en. Thursday night, according to a communique of the air ministry, the bombers attacked the submarine base at Lorient, on the French coast, ,-ind the docks at Le Havre. Fighter pianos attacked enemy airdromes in Holland and north- ern France. Tho the communique made no mention of the bombers having vis- ited Germany, the Berlin radio said that British planes had attacked western Germany during the niglil. In one of the attacks over north- ern France Tluirsctny night, the communique said. British planes intercepted and destroyed a Ger- man bomber. Two -British bomb- were missing. Tokyo's Denial of Raid Comes Before Reports San Francisco, Japanese radio strangely denied Friday that three American planes had bombed Tokyo. It was strange, because radio Tokyo went to great lengths to deny something that apparent- ly nobody had reported. "A Reuters (British) dispatch that three American planes bombed Tokyo was again the center of a joke among Japa- nese nationals a broad- cast recorded by the Columbia Broadcasting system'said: "Just to turn the eyes of the public, the Chungking govern- ment, thru Reuters, has been desperately spreading the most laughable false propaganda that the Japanese capital was bombed." As far as could be deter- mined, Reuters had never re- ported the bombing of Tokyo. News Feature Index Page "Believe It or Not" 8 Brady's Health Talk 4 Cedar Falls News ..............10 Church Services, Sunday V City In Brief 7 Classified Ads ...............lfi-17 Comics ........................if) Editorial Farm News ....................2ft Markets" .......................ig in News .....4 Northeast Iowa Events .........II Parsons' Movie Talk........___15 Lives.................. 4 Radio Programs Serial Story R Sncicty........................ g Sporls ......................13-14 Theatre; Knlerlainmcnl .........15 Uncle Uay's Corner 8 Uncle Wigffily Winched on Broadway .........10 I ______ Leahy Called Home from Vichy Darlan Resigns Posts, Only to Take Chief Command Over Forces. MOVES PUSH FRENCH TO GERMANY Washington, D. C. (AP) Ambassador William D. Leahy has been recalled from Vichy for consultation. Acting Secrc tary of State Welles said Fri- day, because of information that the new Vichy French government would be dominat- ed by axis collaborationist Pierre Laval. President Roosevelt ordered Leahy to return immediately, Welles told his press .conference because of events of the last Jew days, and Laval's emergence. However, Mrs. Leahy is conva- lescing from an operation and their actual trip home will be deferred until she can travel, Welles said The .counselor of the United States embassy in Vichy will be left in charge there. Rejects Rejection. In answer to questions, Welles said the United States had reject- ed Thursday's communication from Vichy, because it was a communi- cation which had been submitted to, and received the approval of German authorities in France be- fore it was sent. This communication was the Vichy government's angry re- jection of an American note explaining establishment of a United States consulate gener- al in Free French-controlled Equatorial Africa. It also stated in broad terms the policy of the United States toward France and the French people. Laval Takes Over. Vichy, Lav- al presented to Marshal Henri Phil- ippe Petain Friday afternoon a new cabinet list in which the min- ister of war was understood to be Gen. Henri Dentz, who fought a bitter campaign against Allied forces Syria. It was reported Dentz was Lav- al's first choice for the war minis- try but that the selection was not definite because General Bridoux also was considered for the post. Laval, leader of French efforts toward closer collaboration with the axis, prepared to assume full ex- ecutive power, with personal con- trol over foreign and interior min- istries and propaganda. (The German radio said Lav- al would succeed Petain as president of the council of min- isters and that Petain hence- forth would be limited to duties as chief of state.) Laval presented the names of his ministers to Petain at 1 p. m. Fri- day, immediately after the ministry of Admical Vice Premier Jean Francois Darlan had collectively re- signed. Darlan Changes Titles. Darlan, resigning separately as vice, premier, minister of national defense and secretary of state for foreign affairs, war and navy, at once assumed, on Pctain's invita- .ion. the ne wpost of commander in chief of land, sea and air forces with the rank of admiral of the -leet, and the right to be on active duty for life. It look but half an hour for (he Darfan cabinet, at a meet- ing under Petain. to write its resignation and retire in favor of Laval, who now has greater power than any French leader except 85-year-old Petain has held since the collapse of France. Back in power after 16 months of political eclipse after his summary dismissal as vice premier in De- cember 1940, he came to Vichy Fri- day morning from his nearby Chat- eldon Chateau, under heavy guard to resume consultations. Recall Earlier Atlack. Laval was heavily guarded by police, who were mindful of the se- rious wound he had received at the hand of an assassin at Paris last summer. Well-informed quarters said that under the new regime Petain, re- taining his rank of chief of slnle, would abandon the auxiliary title (Continued on page 2, column 1) Fire Razes j Three-Story Building Fire destroyed n three-story brick building at 818 Sycamore street, the ground floor and basement of whicn were occupiec by the Sycamore Food market, Fri- day afternoon with loss estimated at by Fire Chief Ray Tiller The occupied for- merly for many years by the Parsons Music House, was a Waterloo landmark. Chief Tiller said the fire orig- inated on the third floor, which was unoccupied. He said the cause was undetermined. The alarm came at 12.58 p. m. and by all the floors and part of the walls had fallen in. Tiller plaged of the los, on the building, and the rest on the store stock. Ben Bars, who operates the food store, is also owner of the building. He bought the building and moved in two months ago. While crowds watched, firemen played water on the blaze and prevented its spread to an adjoin- ing house at ij24 Sycamore, used as a warehouse by Barg. The building, erected in was carried on the assessor's at It had a frontage of 32 feet on Sycamore street and ran back 92 feet. Barg estimated his loss at to and said it was only partly covered by in- surance. He said there was a considerable stock of coffee and canned goods on the second floor. He hazarded a guess that a spark from a railroad engine had ignited the roof. British Claim Sub Torpedoed, Sank Transport London A British sub- marine has torpedoed and sunk a large Italian transport in the Mediterranean, the admiralty an- nounced Friday. The admiralty's communique did not state when the attack occurred. The British Near East com- mand in Cairo announced Wednes- day that RAF planes had attacked a large axis convoy in the central Mediterranean and caused heavy damage to several ships. Last week the admiralty an- nounced sinking of a Italian of three Italy had a British sub- marine in the Mediterranean. Locate French Ships of War French warships now are at Toulon, in- cluding the battleships Strasbourg and Dunkerque and probably the Provence, it was revealed in Lon- don Friday. The fleet also includes seven cruisers. 19 big destroyers and about 15 submarines. The battleship Jean Bart is at Casablanca and the Richelieu at Dakar. U.S. Co. Couldn't Sell Jo_ British Washington. D. Assistant Attorney General Allen Dobey charged Friday that because of an agreement with German in- terests, Remington Arms Co. was prevented as late ns January, 1941, from selling to the British certain military ammunition primed with a special composition. Iowa Pilot Dies in Plane Plunge Des (ip) Lieut liarlcs H. Bryant, jr., 26. of Moines, has been killed in an air- plane accident in the Panama Canal Zone, the war department informed iiis family here Friday. Survivors include his parents his widow and 2-year-old daughter, all of Des' Moines. SAVE A LIFE IN 1942! Traffic Toll In City of Waterloo This Year and Last. Same Jan. 1, Date JW >B4J Number of accidents 157 Number of injured 40 49 Number killed........... 1 5 Slayer? L i e u t. Jeremiah Flaherty, chief of the Washington. D. C., homicide squad, said that 17- year-old Richard L, White (above) led police to the body of a young woman religious worker who had been slashed and beaten to death and later admitted he killed the woman. Army Newspaper Features Pvt. Brown, Guitar. London The Stars and Stripes, the army's news- paper for soldiers away from home, rolled off the presses Friday bearing little resem- blance to its world war parent of a quarter century ago. It is a five-column eight-pafee tabloid with news, features ,ahd lots ".of pictures. ,On the front page were pic- tures of President Roosevelt and General George C. Mar- shall, but Private Roy A. Brown, Waterloo, la., photo- graphed getting- off a troop transport with a guitar under his arm, got a bigger space than the president. Hedy Lamarr's picture made page three, Sergeant Richard Griffith of Norfolk, Va., posed at the man- ual of Westminster Abbey's organ, was on four and Joe Louis and Billy Conn got onto the sports page. The first two copies were mailed to the president and his presidential secretary, Stephen Early, who was on the origi- nal Stars and Stripes staff. The newspaper carries the regu- lar news reports from the Asso- ciated Press and Wide World, United Press and International News services. 35 Are Shot in Occupied France Vichy. Unoccupied France German authorities an- nounced Friday that 35 hostages had been shot in occupied France in reprisal for attacks against German occupying troops. A first group of 15 was shot April '14, according to a German announcement published in the newspaper Courier Do Pas De Ca- ais, published at Calais. This fol- owed attacks on railroad lines the night of March 25. A second group of 20 was shot the same day in reprisal for at- acks against German soldiers at 3ruay, Mericourt and near Lens, the announcement said. Capital Police Continue Raids Des of 43 more slot machines by Des Moines police late Thursday brought to 27 the total number of such de- vices' taken here since publication of the federal tax lists last week. Forty-two of the machines were seized in a raid on a gamge, ivhcre they were in storage, and he other was confiscated at n avern. George W. Murray, 36. tavern operator, was arrested in the latter He was released under 5200 )ond after pleading innocent bc- ore. Municipal Judge C. S, Cooler. Scorched Earth Decision Made to Prevent Japs' Seizure. NIPPONESE INCREASE TEMPO OF ASSAULT Chungking; A. Chinese communique re- ported .Friday night that two strong1 Japanese drives have heen halted, with heavy enemy losses, on the Burma battlefront where the British have destroyed of the rich Yenang- yuang oil wells in "scorched earth" tactics. New The Brit- ish sacrificed the rich west Burma oil fields at Yeiiang yaung Friday to keep it out of the hands of the Japanese who unleashed the fiercest onslaught of the Burma campaign in a new effort to crack the centei of the allied line and split the Chinese Fifth and Sixth armies from the British. Fighting a still stubborn holding action while the destruction by torch and dynamite was completed at Yenangyaung, the badly out- numbered King's Own Yorkshire light infantry fell back to the north of Magwe, gateway to the oil fields, a communique announced. The war bulletin added that oth- er British forces still were holding their positions In the Taungdwingyi area of the Pegu Yoma foothills, midway between the British Irra- waddy front and the Chinese Sit- tang river front to the east. Double JMenace. Despite the determined effort to hold the Allied front intact, the Japanese advance up the Irrawad- dy already was exposing danger- ously the west flank of the south- ernmost Chinese positions near Thagaya, 30 jnileo north of Toun- goo. The Chinese front also was menaced from the east where a Japanese offensive was report- ed aimed into the Shan states from the bulge of Thailand. (Observers in London openly re- garded this offensive ae a serious threat (o allied communications in the north, particularly the Manda- lay-Lashio rail link that was incor- porated into the northern Burma supply route to China from India when the old Burma road was cut off north of Rangoon.) London sources said oil wells in the west Burma fields were destroyed by British engineers. Strength Is Sapped. British defense forces admitted- ly were depleted after two months of intensive jungle fighting against the Japanese who were said to have poured in fresh reinforcements un- til their strength mounted to five divisions of some men. The baltie line now extends from somewhere north to Mag- we, half way from Rangoon to Chiltagong and the Bengal road to India, southeast thru Taungdwingyi to Chinese posi- tions in the hills north of Tha- Baya. The positions there, where the Chinese have been facing their Teaviest attacks, guard the way to Pyinmana up the rail line to Man- dalay. From the Thagaya area the battle ine angles northeast to the steeper mountains between Loikaw and the rlailand frontier. Japanese Hasten. Washington. "D. (INS) Ap- parently fearful the recent daring raid by American bombers from Australia may be renewed with even more devastating effect, the Japanese Friday speeded up their 'hilippinc invasion time-table with hrusts against another important sland outpost which hitherto had not been occupied by the enemy. Latest strategic Philippine island o feel Die neavy hand of ruthless :onriuest is the island of Patiay. ocated 200 miles southeast of Ma- nila, and on wnich a tiny Amrrican- Filipino force is reported to be re- sisting the advance of a Nipponese army estimated at men Pcrfccto Garcia. Corina. Dutch Mnstew IOC. Harvester. Emeuon, San 60 .UilvertUemeaU ___ Fear on Bataan Have Fallen Washington, D. Thc war department announccc I'Viday that more than troops and 1G been ported for more than a week on Bataan peninsula and were "presumably in the hands of the enemy." This figure included approximate- ly combat troops, about sick and wounded, a number' o supply and other non-combatan troops and some civilians, a communique reported. No reports of casualties in the last few days of fighting have been received, the communique said, but it was believed likely that losses were heavy on both sides. There were 68 army nurses on Bataan. and all of them were evac- uated to Corregidor island on Apri 9 along with a relatively smaL number of troops, the communique said, PUDGE II ITILT 19 Confederation Heads Are Hit in Shakeup. tBu the United Presil The biggest purge in the de- clining career of Premier Beni- to Mussolini is sweeping out some of the highest officials of the fascist party, private ad- vices from the continent said Friday. Hundreds of fascists are in- volved, and, it was indicated, they include ministers, undersec- retaries and, especially, presidents of Italy's 19 confederations. Some were caught in black market operations and war speculations. Others, it was reported, were purged for luke-warmness, or outright frigidity, toward Italy's nazi "partner." First symptoms of the purge ap- peared last summer, it was said, when a number of prominent fascist newspapermen were "elim- inated" and Achille Starace, tough leader of the party, replaced. But lately, it has grown in proportion and is sparing none, advices said. Italian newspapers reaching neutral countries do not give the names of replacements, which ap- parently are made in the deepest secrecy. Fair and Cool Iowa's Outlook Des change in temperature is forecast for Iowa- by the weatherman for Fri- day night and Saturday forenoon, except slightly warmer in the northwest and extreme west por- lions. Local showers may hit the state late Friday night or Saturday morning in the extreme southwest portion of the state, it was pre- dicted. State high Thursday was re- ported at Davenport where tem- peratures rose to 80 degrees, with a low of 30 at Mason City and Decorah. ANOTHER MERCHANT SHIP IS TORPEDOED Washington, D. navy nnounced Friday that a medium- izcd British merchant vessel had seen torpedoed in the Atlantic off he West Indies. Survivors have seen landed at a port on the Gulf if Mexico. Sell Your Boat! They arc easy to sell at this time of the year if you run a Classified For Sale ad. This ad brought calls and a buyer: several FISHING nnd Hunting Boat, 12 Ft.; complete with car carrier, practic- ally new. Ph. 8734. COURIER CLASSIFIED GIRLS 1'hone 7711 MacArthur's Status Cleared, After "Tempest in Tea- pot" Fuss. MARSHALL, HOPKINS URGING SPRING MOVE Washington, D. C. Secretary of War Henry L. btimson describing as a "tem- pest in a teapot" the contro- versy over the extent of Gen Douglas MacArthur's com- the army is "pret- ty near to the stage of being ready for an offensive, how- ever difficult it may be." "I am now more" than ever convinced that we are goino- to get on the offensive and do so at the earliest practicable Stimson told a press conference His statement lent strength to re- m that Gen- George C. Marshall, U. S. army chief of staff, and Harry L. Hopkins were urging British officials there to take strong offensive measures on the European continent this spring. Without Authority. An army spokesman at Mac- Arthur's Australian headquarters told newsmen Wednesday that lack of instructions from Washington had prevented the American.'gen- eral from setting up his supreme' command and that as a result he' was still only in charge of US' forces in Australia and the south- west Pacific. Stimson said he questioned whether the spokesman had been authorized to make the statement. He repealed that MacArthur was in supreme strategic com- mand of all United Nations forces in his specified theatre. SLimson .added- that he had been m frequent communication with MacArthur, and that the latter had never raised any question of juris- diction with' him. "He (MacArthur) has ovef-alL strategic Stimson said, 'and while the administration and tactical leaderships of the troops and fleets of the various interested nations are retained by them, the practical co-ordination of effort and its strategic direction is a matter for Gen. MacArthur, and Gen Mac- Arthur alone. "Forces Co-ordinated." "I recognize that the flurry In the press on this matter 'is caused by the concern of the people in the effective handling of all of our forces in the Far East from the standpoint of proper co-ordination. "It is in that spirit that 1 tell you there need be no con- cern. The forces are co- ordinated." Stimson would not say specifical- ly whether MacArthur's command includes New Zealand a point which has been raised on several occasions. He added that the exact boundar- ies of MacArthur's command are a military secret. "A great deal is being made out of very Stimson said. "There has never been, from the beginning when Gen. MacArthur was ordered by the president to move headquarters from Corregidor to Australia, any idea except that he would have over-all strategic command in that area." Tells of Problems. Stimson, in discussing the ep- proach of a possible offensive by the United States armed forces, re- viewed the course of the war and he problems which faced military eaders at the the movement of men around this continent to plug loopholes and avert any surprise blows. HR said thai since ihcn this nation has been strengthening key points In our armor and making sure that our resources and arms plants arc protected "against any interruption which would hold up or damage our defense." "And when it is a world war. with powerful enemies attacking us all around the globe, our key points of defense run far out Into distant quarters of the world where some friendly nntlpn is holding a post that is vital to Slimson said. "That Is what we hnve been try- ng to do during theae difficult months and the task not yet fin- ished- Outlook BcltPr. "But I think I can lelt ymi today that to wo in my look-out In the war department nrfl be- to move, and to tnnvr, in the right direction." Ha said thai war