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Waterloo Daily Courier (Newspaper) - August 21, 1941, Waterloo, Iowa All the News for All the Family FIRST WITH NEWS The Weather Scattered Showers. forccMt for Ml ESTABLISHED 1854 WATERLOO, IOWA, THURSDAY, AUGUST TWENTY-SIX PAGES PRICE THREE CENTS DAM BLASTED TOT HIM Senator Warns Tremendous Sacrifices May Be Re- quired Soon. SHAW ASKS NONPARTISAN SUPPORT OF PRESIDENT A crowd of more tHan 400 League of Iowa Municipalities convention delegates applauded two vigorously anti-Hitler ad- dresses at a dinner in Tavern on the Green, Electric park, Wednesday night The speakers were Senator Clyde L. Herring and Col. Robert J. Shaw of Sigourney, past commander of the Iowa American Legion. The dinner meeting closed the league's three-day convention. "Better Fight Than Yield." Both speakers called for all-out aid to Great Britain as 'America's first line of defense, and asserted that it would be better to fight Hit- ler than to yield to him. "Once more the peace-loving peoples of the earth must un- dertake a worldwide mobiliza- tion of physical, moral and spir- itual resources in a courageous mnd determined effort to get the wild beast, marauding thru Eu- rope and Asia, back into his cage with a lock on the the senator declared. Shaw, a Republican, cafled for conpartisan support of "the national in the armament and cid-to-Britain programs. Attacks Isolationists. In a caustic attack on Herbert Hoover, Alf Landon and 13 other Republicans, including Irvin S. Cobb. who recently signed an iso- lationist manifesto, Shaw declared-. "I am not one of those who hate Roosevelt and Willkie more than they do Hitler." Senator Herring.asserted that "the 1 greatest isolationist in the world today is Adolf Hitler." "He has, one by one, isolated 12 neutral, peace-loving countries, and one by one, he has destroyed them by the most inhuman and uncivil- ized methods of war ever em- ployed." he explained. "Assist in Every Way." Declaring that "the only way we can stay out of this war is by as- sisting in every way possible, short of actual participation, those resist- ing the aggressions of Her- ring added: "I am for stopping Hitler be- fore we may be required to face him singlehanded and alone." Loud applause greeted this state- ment. Shaw declared that "the hope of civilization depends upon the de- feat of Hitler -and what he stands for." The xvorld war soldier ridiculed contentions of isolationists that the United States should have nothing to do with the war until it comes to this side of the oceans. "Bunker Hill Tactics Outmoded." "Long-range bombers have out- moded fire until you see the whites of their eyes'." he said. "The tactics of Bunker Hill are out of date today. The men in Ice- land. Puerto Rico and Trinidad are standing 'between their loved homes and war's desolation'." Of the "15 prominent partisans" xvho "made Hitler happy" by .is- suing the isolationist document, Shaw said: "They ignore Hitler's threat that this war will determine who will rule the world for the next one thousand years." The big question today, the Legion Header said, is not "Shall we enter the war to aid but rather "What will happen to us if Britain Hope for Small Business. Both in his talk to the munic- ipalities league and in an inter- view after his arrival here by plane from Washington. D. C.. Senator Herring assured small businessmen that the out- look is not as gloomy for them as has been painted by some crit- ics of the administration, notably by Hugjj S. Johnson in an ad- dress here last week. "Somehow I have a feeling that the reported shortages are more apparent than he said, "and than when order Is once brought into the handling of priorities, our private industry will not be pc-; nalized to the extent recently fore- cast, "My hope is that when legisla- tion now pending is enacted and on page 2, column 3) Executing Parisians Iowa Retail Trade Nears Alltime Mark Des re- tail business rushed along at a Christmas-time clip last spring, incomplete sales tax collection figures showed Thursday, and the final tax total for the April-May- June quarter may set an alltime record. Returns from merchants thus far have produced in sales tax revenue, the report said, reflecting an actual retail business volume of more than in the three month period. Last year's corresponding collection figures show 669 received from mer- chants. The 1941 gain in the incomplete figures was 18 per cent. Collections for the April-May- June period close Sept. 30. The final figure on that date a year ago was or un- der the current incomplete figure. Tax commission officials see a chance that the spring yield may equal or exceed the alltime quar- terly sales tax record of set last winter on the basis of -e- tail business transacted in the 1940 October November December "Christmas quarter." The spring quarter revenue on hand at present is only 735 shy of the record, they point out, and the collection period doesn't .end for another 40 days, Says Arguments Hit Morale of Armed Forces Denver, Colo. Declaring that the morale of the army is only as high as that of the public, Gen. George C. Marshall, army chief of staff, Thursday maintained that the spirit of America's growing military forces has been shaken by nation- wide debates. Army morale was excellent until it became a matter of argument, General Marshall said. "Since then morale has been he added. "Morale., is far more vital to an army than the character of its equipment. It depends in large measure on the morale of the peo- ple behind the army on their unity of purpose." X n__ Fair Affendance Above Last Year Des Moines First prep- aration day attendance at the Iowa State fair just shaded that of last year, officials announced. Wednesday persons passed thru the turnstiles, compared to on the corresponding day a year ago and on the same day in 1938, the year of record at- tendance. Some 11.423 persons attended the second preparation day last year. .BASEBALL TODAY AMERICAN LEAGUE. FIRST GAME. R H Washington Detroit 6 li Batteries: Leonard and Early: Newsom, Thomas and Sullivan. German and French Police Announce Arrest of Jews.. News Feature Index Page "Believe It or Not" 20 Brady's Health Talk 4 Cedar Falls News City in Brief Classified Ads 22 Comics Editorial Farm News Markets Merry-Go-Round in News Northeast Iowa Events Parsons' Movie Talk Private Lives Radio Programs Serial Story Society Sports 17 Stamp Stories Theatre; Entertainment Uncle Ray's Corner Uncle 12 -23 25 4 13 24 4 j 15 21 4 21 20 12 18 41 21 20 20 TO "END OPPOSITION" TO PETAIN'S REGIME Vichy Two Paris residents have been executed for anti-German communist ac- tivity, German authorities in Paris announced Thursday after arrest of persons de- scribed as Jews, in two raids by French police and German troops had been disclosed. The sentencing of two Parisians to death was the first consequence of a warning by German occupa- tion authorities that anti-German activities would result in. execu- tions. The drastic steps coincided with action by the Vichy gov- ernment to crush all opposition to Marshal Henri Philippe Pe- tain's regime. The executed Parisians were identified Gautherot and Samuel Tysselman. Tysselrtfan was described as a Jewish emigre. They were arrested Saturday night. A German court martial sentenced them Sunday night and a firing squad carried out the executions at dawn Monday. News Posted on Walls. A German announcement said that the executed men participated in a communist, anti-German dem- onstration. It was disclosed that German military police aided French police in suppressing' demonstrations Sunday near the St. Denis arr.h in the downtown boulevard section of Paris. The executions were announced in German and French language posters affixed to Paris walls Thurs- day morning. It was reported that 12 others were condemned to death at the same time but the sentences subsequently were changed to long term imprisonment. After the executions the French and German police staged anti- Jewish roundups Wednesday. Six thousand Jews were rounded up Wednesday and Jews were seized in previous dawn raids on Jewish homes. The arrests were estimated to bring the total of oppositionists seized in occupied and unoccupied France since the armistice to about Pushes Suppression. The government has pushed vig- orously the suppression of all op- position elements, including parlia- mentarians, Jews, communists and other factions, since Petain granted increased powers to Vice-Premier Admiral Francois Darlan and warned that drastic measures would be employed to end uhrest, sub- versive activities and sabotage. Paris newspapers disclosed that Wednesday police and German troops in Paris rounded up Jews in a gigantic anti-Jewish raid and trucked them off to concentra- tion camps. Prior to (he latest Paris raids it was estimated that communists had been rounded up in occupied and unoccupied France since the armistice, The Paris arrests followed dras- tic warnings by German occupa- tion authorities against demonstra- tions. Demonstrators in Paris last week, described as communists and Jews, caused police to fire into their ranks before they were dispersed, Arrested to Date. It was learned that since the arm- istice at least alleged com- munists have been arrested in both occupied and unoccupied France. Most of the arrests occurred be- fore last month but since then, pos- sibly in repercussion to the Russo- Germnn war, communist demon- strators again have been active, re- sulting in renewed arrests. German authorities have warned that penalties extending even to executions will be meted out 1o communist demonstrators and the German warnings were backed up Winchcii on Broadway .......uo (Continued on 2, dolumn 2) Passenger Car Output Curtailed Washington, D. The Office of Production Man- agement announced Thursday that automobile passenger car production will be curtailed 26% per cent during August, Sep- tember, October and November. The curtailment will be pro- gressively greater in subsequent months, officials said, with the expectancy of a 50 per cent cur- tailment for the model year end- ing July 31, 1942. The production quotas were formulated by the OPM and the Office of Price Adminis- tration and Civilian Supply. A substantial increase must be made in motor truck production, officials said, in order to meet vital transportation and military needs. During August, September. Oc- tober and November pas- senger cars will be made, com- pared with during the same months of 1940 and during the four months ended July 31, 1941. The larger companies General. Motors, Chrysler and make a reduction of 27.6 per cent. The other, companies, Stude- baker, Packard, Willys-Overland arid Crosley will cut 20.2 per cent. Asks Women for Defense Plants Washington, D. Security Administrator Paul V. Mc- Niitt'said Thursday that a study" of different occupations in 21 key defense industries had dis- closed th4t. almost' two-thirds are jobs in which women could be em- ployed successfully. The survey was conducted by the bureau of employment security of the social security board in an ef- fort to promote employment of women workers in defense plants where shortages of male labor are becoming apparent. Only 331 jobs were found to be definitely unsuitable for women and-an additional 47 were occupa- tions already customarily filled by women. The remaining jobs present- ed no barrier to employment of women. Senate Okeh on FHA Fund Boost Washington, D. C. The senate Thursday passed and sent to the White House a bill author- izing the federal housing author- ity to expand the defense housing program from to The measure was approved by voice vote after a brief ex- planation by Sen. Maloney (D- Martin, King Edward, Isabela, 2 for 5c Emerson, San Felice. Harvester, 5c cigars. (advertisement) F. D. R. Tells Congress 8- Point Plan Gives Germans No "Time for Breath." SEES MORE EFFECTIVE USE OF U. S. MATERIAL Washington, D. President Roosevelt informed congress Thursday that deci- sions made at his conference with Prime Minister "Winston Churchill will materially in- crease effectiveness of Ameri- can aid to the fighting democracies. He said also that any opposition at home to his eight-point program for a new world order would be an invitation to nazism to extend con- trol over the American hemisphere itself. In a special message which" had been requested by his legislative leaders, Mr. Roosevelt declared that any peace which did not incorpo- rate -'the eight points agreed-upon by him and the prime minister "would be a nazism to take a second war extend, the control over Europe-and-Asia to the American hemisphere itself." "Difficult to Oppose." The president said the eight- point 'declaration "is so clear cut that it is difficult to oppose in any major particular -without automati- cally admitting a willingness to ac- cept compromise with nazism." Mr. Roosevelt again lashed out at the aggressive philosophy of the nazi government, saying "it is un- necessary for me to call .attention once more to the utter lack of valid- ity of the spoken or written word of the nazi government." The president termed Ger- many specifically "the principal aggressor of the modern world." His appeal for complete accept- ance of his eight objectives for a new world order was clear: "The declaration of principles at this time presents a goal which is worth while for our type of civiliza- tion to seek. "It is so clear cut that it is diffi- cult to oppose in any major particu- lar without automatically admit- ting a willingness to accept com- promise with nazism; or to agree to a world peace which would give to nazism domination over large numbers of conquered nations." Embodies Principles. The president embodied in his message the declaration of prin- ciples which he announced jointly last Thursday with Churchill. He said that the conference at which this declaration was drafted followed logically from the policy sanctioned by con- War on the Eastern Front SMOLENSK MOSCOW DNIEPEROPTTROVSK Arrows Indicate the main sectors on the eastern front and the possibility, envisioned in Berlin, of a German thrust at Batum, soviet oil port on the Black .sea. Russians, reporting a. firm stand east k6f- Kingiiepp, acknowledged, a German drive to the Novgorod region (1) and an advance in the Gomel sector Odessa (3) was reported under heavy, '-pressure, and Germans reported at- tacks on Dnieper river bridgehead defense forces. In Berlin, where the quick fall of Odessa was predicted, the possibility of a sea-borne thrust at Batum (4) was seen. Aircraft Carrier Illustrious Being Repaired in U.S. Yards New British press service announces that the famous battle-scarred aircraft carrier Illustrious, is in an American shipyard undergoing, repairs and that Capt. Lord Louis Mount- batten, cousin of King George VI, who arrived by clipper Tuesday, would command the ship and supervise repairs.. The announcement, authorized by the British ministry of informa- .tion in London did not disclose the exact whereabouts of the ton vessel British admiralty reports pub- lished June 18 said the mighty ves- sel, a year old and with a speed of more than 30 knots, was almost destroyed in axis plane attacks Jan. Otter Plan tor Peace in Detroit Transit Strike (Continued on page 2. column 5) Detroit, and state mediators, after conferring with Mayor Edward Jeffries and j Detroit street railway commission officials, said Thursday they -had drafted a "peace formula" for set- tlement of Detroit's day-old trans- portation strike. Chairman Thomas Donahue federal Mediator John Q. Jennings jsaid they were taking the formula I to A. F. of L. union leaders who called the strike paralyzing the city's bus and trolley service. "We hope for a brighter afternoon they announced cheerfully. Waterloo Trainee at Great Lakes Station Lieut.-Gov. B. B. Hickcnloopcr (right) of Iowa lunching with trainees from Iowa during Gover- nor's day ceremonies at Great Ukcs, Naval Training station, with Robert Ritchie of Waterloo (extreme left) and Robert J, Moore, of Cedar Rapids nt his right. Ritchie, who lived at 1018 Fair- view avrnur, is just completing his recruit's training. He is son of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Ritchie. (NBA rholo) 10 near Sicily and again at Malta, where she took refuge. These reports said her rudder gear broke and the ship ca- reened craiily while a hail of bombs set numerous fires and killed about SO of her crewmen. Official British reports said she was damaged so severely that she had to be steered with her engines and barely reached port. The German high command an- nounced July 4, 1940, that she had been struck by a torpedo from a U-boat commanded by First Lieut. Endrasz. The day before the' an- nouncement the ship was anchored in peaceful Bermuda bay. Commenting on the Jan. 10 at- tack, the Germans said they be- lieved the ship would never leave Malta because she was resting on the bottom. Spanish reports quoted by the Ber- lin radio said May 12 that the Illus- trious was in Gibraltar with half her planes destroyed after a plane attack, but later events showed the ship was in a United States harbor at the time of the alleged attack. Capt. Mountbatten has survived the sinking of two destroyers in this war. Larry Allen. Associated Press re- porter, was aboard the Illustrious when nazi dive bombers attacked the ship for seven hours on Jan, 10. SOCIALIST-LABORITE BOOTH AT STATE FAIR DCS socialist- labor party, which has a member- ship of 12 in Iowa, Thursday opened an exhibit in an S80 booth at the state fair. Leslie Ludwig, Ottumwa, was in charge. He was authority for the membership figure. SAVE A LIFE IN 1941! Traffic Toll in City of Waterloo This Year and Last Since Same Jan. 1 Date 1041 1840 Number of accident 280 205 Number injured 97 Number kiUcd......... G 5 London Hears Report Gigantic Dnieperstroi Dam Was Destroyed. RUSS TOLD TO DEFEND LENINGRAD "TO DEATH" man troops pressing for- ward on Leningrad by way of Gatsjina were within 12 miles of the former Rus- sian capital Wednesday night, the Stockholm news- paper Aftonbladet reported Thursday. By PIERRE J. HUSS a series of swift thrusts deep into the Ukraine, German blitz'' troops have prevented soviet forces fqpm destroying any more than a few minor con- necting locks of the gigantic Dnieperstroi dam, Berlin officials asserted Thursday. German spokesmen denied wide- spread London reports that retreat- ing troops of Marshal Semyon Bud- enny had laid waste the-huge pow- er dam built under American super- vision. Actually, it was said, fist- Jnovinr motorized German col- umns frustrated destruction of the dam'ind also occupied the western side of a second keypoint at Zapo- rosch. As a result, the spokesmen con- tinued, the entire' Dnieper system has been saved and will be ready for immediate use after ,a "few minor connecting locks" which the' Foreign Com-, missar S: A. Lozovsky reported Thursday that two months of: war- fare had cost the Germans 000 men, more than of whom were killed. Russians blew up have been re- paired. German guns were moved up to sweep all approaches to the dam. The remnants of Budenny's forces are being 'shoved- back' to fore- stall future dynamiting attempts." ..Budenny, it was said, used the- dam itself as a bridge to cross the Dnieper river and it will be put to the same use by .German forces. Claim River Now Torrent. Turning the 'upper reaches of the Dnieper river into a treacherous torrent and its lower stretches into a serpentine lake of mud, the retreating Russian army has dynamited and "utterly de- stroyed" the American- built Dnieper dam, according to reports reaching London Thursday. Reported destruction of the dam, symbol of soviet achievement and largest water barrier outside the United States, was carried out with the explicit permission of Premier-Dictator Josef Stalin, and accomplished a fourfold objective. It made navigation impossible for scores of miles above Dnieproetrovsk as the pent-up waters rushed southward It flooded vast areas in the bend of the river and thus formed a de- fensive bulwark against the ad- vancing Germans. It kept the nazis from using the dam as a bridge across the Dnieper; and finally it rendered useless for a long time to come the river's hydro-electric potential and the industrial facilities which depended on the ..dam for power. A Daily Telegraph dispatch from Stockholm said that the great dam was blown up under orders from Marshal Semyon Budenny, soviet commander of the south, follow- ing a telephonic conference with Stalin in Moscow. Industries Destroyed. The Russians, said the Tclf- graph, "thus have made sure that not a particle of the Ukraine's in- dustries will fall into nazi hands in working or workable order, "The whole upper Dnieper as far as Kiev now has been turner! into a torrential, whirling flood." Abncc the dam the stream was said to be beyond navigation until the flood has subsided. It will take many flays before impounded waters nfcove darn have flowed out and spread over the new "Budenny line" in thtf low- er reaches of the Dnieper, it estimated. The dam the the no-earn 1M
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