Pocahontas Democrat, February 8, 1906

Pocahontas Democrat

February 08, 1906

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Issue date: Thursday, February 8, 1906

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Publication name: Pocahontas Democrat

Location: Pocahontas, Iowa

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Pocahontas Democrat (Newspaper) - February 8, 1906, Pocahontas, Iowa ' » . ' " ■Pocahontas Democrat. VOLUME V.POCAHONTAS, IOWA, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 1906. NUMBER 49^ m\ 1 IfiO ANNUAL FMS INSTITUTE J'^^'TPP^ : Proceedings of the Sessions. , 1. ¡Xhree Excellent Papers appear This Week. I Y I? vi The third annaal Pocahontas County Farmers' Institute opened in Hronek's iiall Thursdayi February 1, at 11 A. M.„and In the absence of the president, A. Hudek, the meeting was called to order by the vice-president, ■ Jj. Bi'odsky. The first in orfler was the i-eadlng c^ the reports of the secretary and treasurer,' the said reports beinii approved as read. It was so ordered by motion that the . auditing committee'reportimmediately followinii the dinner hour; By motion the chairman was authorized to . appoint a nominating commitleei/.\and said committee as appointed wei© J. W. Eral, Joe Lanus and J. M. Schall, said oommittoe to report vylien the meeting was called to order>for the -afternoon session. ,The report of the committee on nominations was. as .follows: President, J.vC. Potter of Haveloclc; vice-president, Li. Brodsky; secretary, F. K. Ha'.lley of Iiaurens; treasurer, J. M. Schall of Havelock; e.xecutive com-' mittee, P. J. Shaw and A. J. Sernett. On motion the rules were suspended and the candidates here namod were elected by acclamation, tiie old members of the executive committee also being re-elected for another year. The next in-order .was an address of acoepta^^''-'jy J. C. Potter, the newly elected presidi; )t. By motion the V hairman was -authorised to appolntt-'k committee of ■ three for the purpose of soliciting members, and O. F, Olson, M. G. Herscher and John Shimon were selected to act as such coinmittee, and . the large list of new members indicates - that they performed tlieir work well. ' On motion D. K. Folk of Laketowp-^jl^ljj wa,s,plectea_'a8 i, ptienibey v lienflht,''' wad and when filled, dry straw or hay is placed over the top on which are placed heavy weights. ^ . The session of the forenoon of Friday commenced at 10:30, when the audience was called to order and the minutes of the first day's .proceedings were read and approyed, some corrections beinji made. At this time the matter regaiiding a resolution pré sented toe day before in respect to the paper read by C. ;L, Gunderson, was taken up and adopted. ■ The executive committee met aud settled with C. W. Clifton, who had served as secretary the preceding year, and one bill of $4,00" being al lowed, closed up all business with the retiring, secretary. ' As F. K. Hawley, the newly elected secretary,-fi'ad to leave after the even ing session, it was.on motion settled that Mr. Clifton should act as secre tary during his absence, the last day of the institute. C. Schryver gave a talk on the subject of "Profitable Hog Raising" and which was followed with discussions by J. W, Rral, L. Brodsky, O. F. 0)f()n,.C. W. UJifton and.others. F. K. Freeman was on the program for a paper on the subject of "Why; Low and ITndrained Ijand Produce Diseases," but being unable to be present, had furnished a paper on tlie subject which was read by Cai Saylor, this appearing in the Demo- ïKankln , pf .Harelock, followed with discussions "by L. Brodsky ancl Terry Doyle. " "Corruption in Politics" was the n^^^S^ot, and an able paper was r^Btniy C, L. Gunderson of Center township, and discussions followed by Terry Doyle and Rev. Steele. -It was then moved by L. Brodsky and seconded by .T. M. Schall that Mr. Gunderson's paper be signçd by thé members of tlie institute and sent - to. Ilepresentative Hakes. Amendments were odered to have only the olficers Bien the paper but when put to a. vote the amendment was lost. By motion the paper was ordered prepared for the siiining by members. "Can the Average Farmer Feed a Load of Cattle Each Year and Make itPayV" was an important subject, which had been assigned to Alex Peterson of Pomeroy, but as that gentleman failed' to respond, C. Schryver gave a talk on the subject,, and was followed in the discussion by Terry Doyle, I. C. Rankin and C. W. Clifton. - W. P. Morrison of Page county, representing Wallace's Farmer, being present also delivered an interesting talk on the subject; The e'vening session of Thursday opened with a song by the 'Pocahontas high school, and following this an address'of welcome was delivered by Prof. Kae, which was appropriately^ responded to by C. M. Saylor. T^o last on the program for the day .«r^a the address by Judge Quarton. It was so advertised on the program that the judge would deliver a lecture, but call it what you may, it was good; Instructive and entertaining. Judge Quarton owns a small farm near Al-gona,.;and takes a -great deal qt itiî t&^t in its developement and while hdli! not resldlpg on the farm, spends - mud^pf hls time.there when not«: away from home attending district court, and instead of renting the farm em-i .ployes a man t>o live on the place and look after thë'stook and' crops, ^r. Quartoh-is develoDlng^ his fatm along Boient^ac lines, takincrcare of all that ibe land will produce and where H Is possibly to make an acre of ground Increase its producing qualities 'jtbis is.oare^ly looked after. .He ex ' '';'"Z;plalaed the'use of the alio, somethiDg ' kdovf anything about and huudrçds of them never saw, but mosi^ themljaVe ao idea of what a'silo is 1 and ktiàvr of its use. The silo may be ej't^ from'flfti\en to thirty feet deep, built either of lumiaer or cement, but must be, water ttgh( and U possible air tm 'i^tjght. ' CrppB suitable for use in the silo ace oMJuary giaaaes, olpver, " Oats,'rye^an'fl corn,, The material, is OR AT this week and, is one of vital Importance and interest. The afternoon session was called to order at 1:30 and the first on the pro^ gram was a piano solo by Miss,Prances Brodsky. ^ , As neither JiiiJ^, Jolliffé.oi-p.i'ftfligate, ned by W. Ei Pirie, and discussed by Prof. Cromwell Of Hum boldt. ï\ L. Brodsky of .Plover was on tiie program, the subjeèt assigned him being that of " Why Should- an Iowa Boy Attend the Agricultural College?'.' Not being present, he had forwarded the manuscript which was read by his .sister, Miss Frances Brodsky. W. P. Hopkins 0/Laurens read an .interesting paper on the subject of "The Most Profitable Horse for the Farm or Market," and this » subject was discussed at some length by C Schryver, F. K. Hawle.v, Cal Saylor, •W. D. Cotcrell, L. Brodsky, J. C Potter, Terry Doyle and Senator Henderson, W. D. Cottrell of Swan Lake township gave a talk on the subject of "Sheep Culture," and as'tlie gentleman has-made a success of the business, he was able-to present many in-terefting facts. The subject was discussed by L. Brodsky, C. M. ling-lert and others. The subject of "Good Roads" had been assigned to Robert Hunter of Garlield township, but as that gentle man was not present and had not supplied a substitute, J. W. Eral of ■Center township, was called on to make a talk on the subject, He was followed in discussion by Messrs Carstens, J.ollitfe, Uenderson, and Clifton.' It was suggested by . Mr Morrison that all who had used the King road drag should.arise to their feet, aud it was demonstrated - that quite a number ha^ been, using the drag. ' Prof.. C. A. Hawley of Pella, Iowa, was on the program for an address on the subject "TheJElailway Problem, and as he arrived on the 4 o'clock train, he was introduced soon afteir entering the hall and after talking about an hour, the meeting waa adjourned till :30, when he again took the floor and gave a vivid and de tailed description of the . methods, used and the results accomplished by the railroada. Mr. Hawley promised to furniah the Democrat a paper: on this subject for puhUoation^ and we hope to be able to publish it in the near future. Saturday morning the institute opened at 9:30,s with the address frôm 'Prof^rqmwell iof Humboldt college on She ; subject i ôf. "Iowa : Farmers, and Mr,. OrOmwell was able to give his audience soma anbstantial facts In a manner pleasing-and instructive Alaon Seoor of Des Moines was on 1,lie program for an address on the subject,of "How a Farmers Institute can Benefit the i*armefs'>*' hut not he-■ "■ taken by W. P. Morrison, After a talk- on the subject by Mr; . Morrison, ;it was discussed by C. W. Clifton, L. Brodsky and James Mercer. " J . C. Potter then asked how- many present were benefited by attending the institute and in reply received- a unanimous vote. This was followed by an excellent paper on the subject of.-'DomGBtlc Economy," from Mrs. J. C. Potter, It was followed by .short discussions by C, W. Clifton, Milo L. Miller, and Miss Vena Hawley, Mrs. J. A, Whitman of Havelock read a well prepared paper qn the subject of "The Ad vantages of Farm Life." Following these two excellent papers it was moved by L... Brodsky and seconded by Ed. Meredith, that 500 copies ot-these two papers be published in pamphlet form, and the motion carried with strong assent. _ The forenoon program was thencon-eluded by an address from Prof. Cromwell on the subject of "13irds as Insect Destroyers.'' . The buKlness of the afternoon ses-; sion commenced when the president, il. C. r-'olter called the audience to order at 1:4,"),'and on motion he-was authorized to appoint a committee on resolutions. -The committee as ap pointed was Ed Meredith, J. iTollitt'e and-James Mercer. Three able and instructive jdi'esses were delivered - during afternoon session by Prof. Cromwell Humboldt; W. P. Morrison ;bf Page county, who talked on the sub ect of "Corn," and W. B, Stlckney Chicago, gave some instructive information on the subject of "B^arrii era Elevators." The premiums awariied in the seed corn contest are as follows, each hibit containing ten ears: Large white corn, M.- J. Young of Pioveri iirst;' Charles Englert of Marshall: second. Small white corn, J. Pi Anderson. Laurens, first; Charl^ Eoglert of Marshali, second. ' Larfje yellow corn, J. W. Eral, Pocahont hrst; H. F. Carley of Palmer, seco vice only means reelection, while now; faithful service to corporations means reelection. With a primary law the pass bribery law will cease. Unless the legislature now- in session at Des Moines- gives the people of' Iowa a uniform primary law, thoroughly protected by law, so all the people may partake equally In all nominations, the people will renounce all allegiance to parties and vote for, such men as will deal justly with them and unless congress carries out. such measures of reform as the people through their president are a.sking for. The people will elect Mr, Hearst or some other man representing his principles, president in 11)08 and this will ultimately mean government ownership of public ntilitiea. Tiiesii two. latter, gentlemen also re cèlved.first and,seopqd,<>p.small, on.ejthígítjon^v® Uie"öaiäe hiblíed at' AWes/apd secured prÍ7.eon. '' ii&ûaily cruÉ u^ and pitcfeed in lay^era ing present, the subject was ta B adv the gain but more-commonly lose flesh, I bran as the comparative feed at $16 WIty Low and Undralned land Produces Diseases, (Piiper supplied by F. E. Freumiip.) First it must be remembered that low and wet lands are'very rich in decomposing vegetation and are ot a rich black loam variety. Tiiis on one hand produces a mammoth growth of vegetation in the form of grasses rushes and cains; those shade the surface of the groulid from the sun, and aíi'órds the most favored clrcumstan ces for the brooding ot low forms of animal life of many kinds; on the other hand again the. wet rich mucky soil is a favorable medium for the brooding of many kinds of parasitic life. Soils are often potent etiological factors; dense, damp, cold undrained soils are naturally covered with stratum of cold air, saturated with moisture, which greatly lowers the vital stamina. Damp clays and water logged soils of various kinds, rich in organic deb^üs are the natural homes of various pathcfgenic microbes, such as those of ague, milk fever, lump-jaw arid yellow fever; while well drained and sandy or gravelly soils aré usually healthy unless they,-conti.!n-a great eftcesa qf> decomposing organic matter, Faulty food In our domestic animalsiare chargeable with many dl ^^aátís both- aic,ecl and indU'ect; thus third aljd-'Qther^-unhygenic conditions are the filial ejid lo be sWght. ,We also Corruption in PollHos. ' : {('uiKirreuO l).v C. fj GuiidBmon.) i-In a-Republic such as these United States where every, citizen-is a sovereign it seems impossible that there can be .such a tiling as corruption in politics, A great majority of our people are honest and have a voice in the nomination and election of officers both state and national. We attend caucuses, name delegates who in turn nominate candidates, and later the sovereign people cast- tlieiii ballot, here end ing the voters duty. The poorly paid olficers were expected to do the rest. Such was the early history of the present method of making nominations; but now in this enlightened age we find many caucuses and conventions, pacited or fixed by either, direct buying or trading. The people present are only needed to ratify the slate already made. The local paper, the creator of public sentiment must, not oe forgotton, they are all speaking very loud, all at the same time, the one speaking the loudest gets the postollice. This is about all there is to their noise. To one not accustomed to such graft bribery and exchanges as is going on in high as well as low places, will think them in full control of the entire road from Jerusalem to Jerico A large number of our representatives whi6h were^the unanimous choice of their party, have failed to do their utmost .to protect the Interests of their constituents. Why have they failed? The caucus Is not resnonslble for such failure. It is now nine years since the court took the rate makliig power from the intflrstate commerce commis sion, and what has our repreaenta-tives done during these yeara to remedy the matter? I believe wore good will redound to the people from Gov ernori Cummins' one trip to Washington tovtestlfy before the senate invea tlgating commitiee than the combined aervlcea of a}l the Iowa repreaenta tlvea during', the laat ten years for which'the pectple have paid them huh dreds of thouaanda of dollara; The aoulJeaa corporation, the cor rupt politician, ha^ taken adv;intage of the opportunity offered by the cau cna ayatem. It has come to this that a politlciad^ 'one whom you would not permit as a juryman on your caae la ablelinmany places to;deliver an entiie county. ^ The present method of making nomltiatlons Is all wrong With a primary law ^uch as is in use become enemic and show general de-billty. 1 WHr Should an iov»« tloy Attend the Agrloul-tural College. (Paper supplied by F. L, Brodsky of Plover.) "lu this question we have a very important- and intereatiuf^ matter to consider, for Iowa, as we all know, Btanda foremost iu agriculture and this because her boys have been atudents of nature, developing her fair surface, and is il any wonder that her boye should Bland first in hi^nora won in all opeujiiiricultural contes'ta. We have iu our state tlie beat equipped and largest attended agricultural college iu the United States, if.not in tiie world. Iu thia Hchool we can train ourselves to maintain the poeitioji we now oc cupy. There'should be no doubt ill the minds of any here present aa to the neceasity of advanced education, along agricultural lines for farming liaa been diguiiied and up lifted by just such asaociationa as we have here todny. Graduates from agricultural achoola were never iu greater de maud, especially from Iowa, be-CHuae of tlie increased interest taken in thia occupation, Grad uatea from Iowa are especially in demand because of the repntaliou we have of sending out nothing but the beat trained men What ia tlie cause of tliia general awakening among members of our profeaaiou? Because we have pro filed by tiie experience carried ou by the college, poor farma aud by some individuals, who are more euergetic than tlie most of lis. Our Iowa farma can by proper treat men{ aud mauagemeut produce at least fifty per cent.more than they: are doing. -Look: at the corn-crop! ot laat year. The average yield ia estimatea at thirty-aeveDi bushels per acie or one 14 0uncf'iai for eachhiU, ' , , « know il U». .can be secured « .Tra'î'c rnrta'íñcotír knowithat-ithe geographical'distribution of diseases (is largely Unfiuenced by soil and temperature. ; History shows us that Antrax (a modified form of this disease known as black leg) prevails in damp undraii^ed lands In many states, such corruption ia impossible, aiiil'Vlth- primary law the offloe' holders will Itipk mor? to where agriculture is backw rd and that it can be traced to near le dawn of human history, when the w r.)le race lived under primitive conrlitions, Moses records its ravages on the bottom lands of the Nile river, and from tnatiday until tlie present time, history has marKed;xhe awful ravage of many diseases in man and beast, which i()0-tent cause was faulty drainage. In this case the soil and the stagnant pools are the natural home of the in fectious germ that pi-odnces the disease. In another case the nature of the vegetation produced^on such land, the hay and the course grasses contam a large proportion of wood fiber, which by-Constant feeding produces Indiges tion, a disease in cattle very common, and among farmers known as loss of cud. We must here observe that loss of cud is a symptom of suspended ru mlnation, (the power to raise cud) and shows that the animal's digestive functions are'not performing as regular as usual. Bad food, especially food which has undergone changes which lessen its digestibility, and im pair jts nutritive value, ia the common cause of disease and must be deficient in some of the constltuents requlred to supply the wear and, growth of the body. Thus grasses grown on swam-r py lands, may be deficient In lime salta, or bay. cut from low-swampy land may contain an excesa of wood fiber, which is indigestible, Rye grassesj commonly grown on bottom landa develop a fungus, known as ergot. This ia formed also to some extent in blue grass. \The fungué manifests itself on the seeds and when eaten with the grass or hay for any; length of time; seta up a diseaae knovju asergotiam, which is uaually: fatal, and when once contracted th^ only relief ia the continuance of the fe^d contaiáing the poison. The writer at one tijae remember^ of seeing^: seventeen her? : of < cattle in one herd suffering from ergot poisQHr túg from eating hay cut from the Lizard bottom. I,have seen cattle sicl; and dielng from grass staggers; sum«-time» called wood-evil, Wt more properly .impaction of th» third stomachr and ^ oaui?e was the continuous feeding of tpo' course and indigeatibl^ food,''The feeding of coaVse, woody and indlgeatible fbod. does not always result in hut ,atopk «fed witiii thdt wé; do not;«'hderstand. Here i'8i,yher'e^'we aré lame. We itiéet witli "'certain difficuitiea. but do not attempt to find a-solution; ancl aimply pass Ihem by. In many inatancea at the coat of a postage stamp the difll-cuUy coukl have been solved for ua. We would not only have liad the satiafaction of knowing but would have aaved dollara in the end. The vast cqiiipmetit at Ames is at our diapoaal aud it is necessary for ua to keep in loucli with these experiments, whicii we have found are not practiced on llie' average- t.Trm, ao we liave built up thia grand inatitiitiou where we.can carry on tlieee many. experimentB necv'saary to aaertaiii the beet melliodH for ua to adopt In carrying on these experimenta there ia a why for everytlmig done, and there ia a record kepi of all re suita, an,d llieae recorcla or bulle tine are sent to anyone who nake for them. How many of ua take advantage of this and get what we pay for? _ It haa not been my privijege to take up the regular work at Amea, hence my remarks must be the re suit of obeervfltion. My four months at the institution just about gave' me time enq^igh to ' the people kçioi,wÎBg.tlj,al''-iè^^ ser- aucii fopd.dpba npt usuSll:í,iníikemu^^^ locate myself and exchange couple of letters with ihe folks at liome. However, it has been my privilege since tlien, to attend two of the short courses io corn, live stock and dairying, and as this ia more fresh in my ihiud, I will give an outline of the work done this year, Iu the corn department we studied the different methods of plowing, phyaicial' conditions of the soil, preparing the soil for the selection of the seed, testing, grad ing. and- plautiug, plowing and harvesting the corn, and the best method of storing the seed} also the kuost common pests, the corn' root worm, which ia next to poor eeed in keeping down the yield; and I will say in pasaing, that the only method they have found successful in extermioating this insect ia to rotate our crop. Nor was the consideration of small grain neglected, th^ weeds that are .found : in the different grains were considered, and the best method of eradicating them was studied with interest. ^ The comparative protlen,valvie.of reS meat producing element in the different teeds was a matter of great intereat'to.me;» aud'for thia reason I cdpjied one ot the charta Used in class room wor)^, Taking per ton, ahorts was worth $16, glut feed $32,00, corn bran $9.i7, oil meal (old process) $37.50, oil meal (new process) $3609, cotton seed meal $47.01, flax seed $20.36, germ oil meal $20.88, clover hay $761 per ton, timothy hay $3.13, prairie hay $4.48, corn fodder $3 20, alfalfa hay $14.08, corn 28c per bushel, corn and cob meal 16c per bushel, oats 18c per bushel, wheat .39c, rye 35c, barley 26c, heef meal $71.68 per ton, dried blood $79,86 per ton, akim milk 18c per. cwl., butter milk 25c per cwt. We alao had some intereating lecturea on alfalfa by Mr. Joa, Wing of Ohio, who haa made a aucceas of-raising it in that state and believea , it can be aucceaafully raised in Iowa, The difference in the pro-lieu value of alfalfa, aa you will ■ note in the above table, aa conipar-. ed with timothy aud clover ia one to four in the iirat instance, and two to four in the aecond. There haa been.no,other feed that has given better results when fed with corn than alfalfa. Why pay from $25 to .fiO per ton^ for feed to feed with corn, if thia feed cau be supplied from our own farms? ' 111 the live atock department we had the beat apRcimena that could be obtained to represent the different breeds, many of the winners of the recent International being secured aa aubjecta for ciaaa work, in order to give us an idea of Ihe type of draft horses to raise on our Iowa farms. The Armour four horse team whoae average weight is 2030 pounds, were exhibited. This weight with quality ia moat desirable on the market and horses of tiiia type briug fabuloua prices. Crouch & Son of Indiana brought horses to represent i^e Percheron; Belgian and German, coach. Mr, 0ObBon of'Marion, ;Iowe, exhibited the high ^ction iiarnesa' horses. The inatctictors pointed ,out ^the qh'aracierUtic» ofpach ■ bree^, and in aOme claases j{a*'6<the history of > breed, oallitig; att^nuon t^ ' by- the (-9.111311,^^^ .req u tremen ts different" "localities froiu.-..wli tli.ese horses origioated! The were, giy-en^tlle priw"il^ege ol^ / o'ver .tiie horses.ihid note the p:, mentioned by 'he,' inalructor place them accord^ og to our owi» judgment giving r^. aona for bo do-iig. iSemeinber iio\hing goes on in cirsa without a reaaon; then .the horaea wt-re gone' over by the in-atriictorand placed correctly, if not done 80 by the aludenta. In aUidying cattle we were uiao given Uie history of Ihe dillereut breeds and the points lo obaerve, ao we can tell from the ataiidpoinl of coiifornialion wheiher a ateer would be profitable as a ft-cder, or a cow desirable for producing beet cattle, or cattle for the dairy. Hoga and alieep were considered from a tilililanan Htandpoiiit. The climax of; the.reaulla of breeding ami feeding dilferent grain rations to different lypea of animala, was reached in the alaiighter-leBt«, where caiiner, ripe and over-ripe carcase«, were placed " aide by aide for our inspection, where the desirable and undesirable qualilira were pointed out, aud tlie relative valuea of the different cuta empliaaised. These two weeks were two short to any more tliaii tickle the aurface of thia great study, juat as we are doing with our Iowa soil. But it givea-ua an idea of the work of the regular course. Let us all get alive -to tlie fact that it is a very important subject aud il is getting more so each year, aud take advantage of what we are doing for ourselves by supporting this college. If it is not possible for us to attend the re- , gular course, it is possible for us to spend two weeks at the short , course, next year, and this we cannot afford to miss." The Minneapolis & St. Louis is now selling and will continue to do so until March. 31," the following excursion arrangements: Balf rates— After twelve o'clock noon of Saturdays to all points within 150 miles, good'for return until Monday morning; minimum rate 75 cents, Fare and one-third—On sale Fridays to points not leas than 75 miles nor more than 150 miles distant, limit the following Monday. One fare plus $2.00—To points rnore than 150 miles away, limit five days. These rates apply to the Cities where -theatrical .'attractions -and other amusements are best at this, tlmeof.year, and they 41so apply to all local stations on '• the line. For further particulars call on the Minneapolis & St< Louis .agents. List your farm with Steinhlfter, Alsever. ' * ' ;