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Pocahontas Democrat (Newspaper) - August 27, 1903, Pocahontas, Iowa VOLÜiME III. POCAHONTAS, IOWA; THIIESP AY, AUGUST 27, U)03. In order to make room for Fall Goods Will Sell at It will pay you to lo G. C. BOVEE, "]" for Thirty Days. my Allen Block Pocahontas. WA« IN WESTERN ALASKA Frank J. PodusUa Writes About the Country. OotiRresslonal eommltteé Visits Nome and Interviews Boomers-Mo Place for Development. Nome, Alaska, July 30— Havins ju'at returned from several trips oyer i ibe Seward Peninsula, aegregating some four hundred miles, and observing closely the country,,- I know quite a little more of Alaska than I did »hen I started for this desoí a,te, dreary and chilly northern land some two or - three months ago. In the first place Alasua is noted for its gold fields, and if one were to believe what the press here says he would be led to believe that this iar off land is just underlaid with belts of golden sands and gravel, while, to say the truth there are but a few patches here and there that are good; on the rest there is no more gold than on the I' Lizard or Des Moines. .1 About a month ago 1 left Nome for the Solomon River county and the Council District. These Places have a reputation as great "Plafeer" gold : producers. After a careful examination I must pronounce the Solomon River Ores as being- ,of low grade .character. j Have also examined the quartz ledges of the Big Hurrah quartz mine. This had been reported as producing one ' thousand dollars worth of gold to the ton of ore. In my estimation if it prq-. áuces ten dollars worth to the ton it will do real w^ll. . Besides, the vein . or lobe is triangular, and may pimply ka "liash vein" or one liable to ter-■■«ioate at any time. • , ■ There are of course many other , Wges of ííold quartz, but ailmost all of them are undeveloped, the work oti them beint' ¿one, is simply "assess-oent woi'it" or the ten days work pre-::scribed by law, and this is done in ^Mch a manner that no one can tell ¡.much of what these lobes contain, i There are a few fairly good mining properties for sale, but the owners themselves hardly know what to ask tor them, the prices in almost all cases Wnff e-xorbitanv especially in this Donhern country where one can work only three months in the year(and »sometimes less,) not looking at all to ' the future, for to develop these claims, 'o most cases would require an in-'estment in hydraulic machinery and !»l>or that would amount to quite a fortune in itself. The hydraulic plants kere cost from $100,O0Q to$500,000 each, ®o one may see none but a rich corporation can do much. ; l^liere are also a g^-eat many claims ; »hich are staked by "Power of Attor-the ownerg likely having never ' s««n their claims, holding them simply 'Of speculation. The whole of western Alaska is "blanketed" by such looations, it being simply another case -'-'dog in the manger all of ' '"blanketclaims',' are never prospected. ■ ■ As soon as I complete the work 1 ; wve on hand 1:shall make a trip due ; north to Piicritn rjyer and Kotiebue !.»ound in order to see as much as I I «»a of Seward Pouinsul»., This trip latend to be the last I make in Alas' L:; 1 inténd to return to the states ■ '-that. Is but little work here now for man, unless, a profea-'grafter." For a jabprlntcroan »19 the worst country' on the lace 'Mod's green earth. As filmbsfc bf KÓes he m9«t8 dojens '»ofelng tov woplt, not in ^e but on'the tundra, In the. f»^» l'"®' ^^ 8i».»horo and "'^ila u. wrWea it wos i«^ éemon" and tbw .«^U. the woirta groMu tto sSpi hundred from the Tanana riyer regions which district, if reports are true is worse than this. To make the matter worse the large ocean steamers give out reports of ■great "strikes" of gold. The mining companies giye out great reports of '■demand for labor," the railroad company does the same and the rush comes. The latest is thao the Wild Goose Mining Company had sent out agents this spring Into the "Tanana" reporting that thei-e was a great shortage of men in Nome, and that men were being paid $5.00 a day and board, while there were two thousand men idle in Nome at that time. This simply goes to show what unprincipled men are at the head of affairs here. The transportation companies want some one to take to this country also some to take oacit, and some to stay here so that they may take in supplies and do trading. I do not blame them for that, but they deserve blame for the way in which they try to secure trade. The natives here though offer no competition to the white man. They work as nature intended a man should work, in short they "take it easy," thus making pleasure of the burden of work. The tundra Indians, as well as the Esquimaux do nothing but fishing and hunting. In the interior they catch salmon, trout and white fish, on the coast they take in great hauls of tom-cods, which they dry in the sun and use for food, for themselves as well as their dogs. The "marnaloot" or native dog being a voracious flsh-eater. The game here is very scarce, there being but few ptarmigans (a relative of our prairie chicken ) a few geese and ducks, and a plentiful supply of mos-quitos. Those of my Pocahontas friends that think I am in error in classifying the mosquito as "game," will do well to test the mean little fellow as to gameness before disputing my assertion. There is another thing about the Alaskan mosquito and the civilized variety in the "states." 'The New Jersey mosquito will sing you one of Wagner's beautiful nocturnes, or a symphony from Mozart that makes you believe you are listening to Kubelik or Paganini; and after thus.entertainihg you he performs his surgical operation. His Alaskan kinsman never says a word but goes right in for blood, and gets It too. A week ago I met a prospector who returned from a trip on the tundra, whose face was so swollen from mosquito bites that he had to call for the doctor, his face about the eyes being so swollen he could scarcely see. The Indians and Esquimaux have queer habits. In winter they live almost underground in their "igloos" (dug-outs,) which usually are timbered in a "fashion" to call timbering and here they spend the weary months, makiDg"mul£luks" a sort of a moccasin, and occasionally go out for a fox hunt, and those on the coast hunt seals and walrus. The intestines of these animais they-take and dry in long strings and of these they make their native raincoats. The natives will eat anything, even mice, and their nests with the young in them, saying."micekow-,kow(food) good Esquimaux kow-kow. A good many are following their old tribal ways, but the younger generation ore adopting the white • man's ways. They also now give their children English names aind, sometimes this creates a very melodious title. chief at Port Safety,having two wives. One's name is Mrs» Ko-Kock, the other heoalls Mrs. McCarty, Thé native'form of burial is also queer. They bury their dead b.y Bimplv wrapping the blanket about them and placing ihem on a few logs, •oHn some cases on a Jog platform bttiU upon lour posts, and placing or rather piling some more lojfs on them tbe builal u complet«. At Port Safety of these "graves" are found. ' One day while walking on the tundra we found an old bo.i "partly open among the driftwood, looking into it we saw the skeleton of a child that was "buried" in this native way. About ninety miles north of Solomon are the great lava beds of the Sa,w-Tooth Range. On these plains there Is scarcely any sign of a living being. A man might as well be cast away on a desert island as in these great beds of lava which was hurled out of Alaska's great volcanoes centuries ago. There are found in certain parts of Alaska many bones of the extinct animals as the mammoth and others. In company with, an old prospector one day we found a vertebra of a mammoth far up in the tundra. We dug it out of tlw ground but found it too heavy to carry it tp the nearest town so we left the specimen where we found it. . Recently a congressional committee visited Nome to see what might be done for the harbor and roads here, but as no one could get near them, ex^ cept a very few of the select ones, we expect them to go to the "states" with their ears filled with "hot air" and t^ll of Alaska's needs and opportunities. As for building a harbor at Nomb, any one can see very plainly.that it is a useless expenditure of millions. Not only as regards first cost, bui every year on account of the great storms which would wash away almost any pier that could be constructed. And as to the improvement of the mouth of Snaice river which, continually fills with sand and endangers certain parts of the city. The only way to improve said river would be to keep a couple ^ of dredgers coHStantly at work dredg-.Ing the loose material. The same objections are advanced against a har bor at Solomon or to the improvement of Solomon riyer. The best thing the committee could do would be to publish the views of some old prospectors and miners who have spent from two to three years here. These are almost unanimous in saying that this year ends the great traffic that is carried on to western Alaska. This of course is somewhat different than the press of the west says, but to me it seems much nearer the truth. Frank J. Podu-ska; PUNCHES ÔEIiOW THE BELT Weather Crop Report. Iowa crop bulletin for week ending Aug [24. The week was warft and dry, the records of the central station showing a daily excess of 5,degrees in temperature. Condition were all that could De desired for ripening early planted corn, but late planted fields in many localities' were to dry for best results. As a whole the crop has mad very good progress In response to a, circular, special reports have been received as to the probable length of time required under normal conditions to place corn beyond danger of harm by killing frost, Reports show an, unusually variable condition of the crpp as to stage of growth and prospective output. Even in the same districts and in adjoining counties marked differences are in evidence. For 'the whole state about 40 per cent was ' planted early and made' a fair start; and this portion of the crop on an average may be, safe by Sept 10th to.Zpth., A portion of the later planted (possibly 20 per cent of the whole area) may be fairly matured by September 30th. With favorable weather until October 10th we may reasonably e.\peot to harvest sound corn in three-fourths of the area planted and not abandoned to thci weeds. The output from this area will range from liRht to very good, With a ..beniifn and frostlesB period through September and a little beyond the total yield tOv thei state may equal the crop ot ipOl rflve and tnif Ott tàe sand-spit »t SoJoroQH sooreà Gilmore City Globe: A new time card went into effect Sunday on some minor branches of the R. I. system. No change was made in the trains on the main line north from Valley Junction,, and Gilmore City still retains her excellent train service. But the stub from Gowrie to Sibley, lo.st all its passenger trains, and poor old Pocahontas, after struggling for two or three years to keep her head above the tall grass,, sinks back into tne slough of despondence, and croaks of yore. What little freight and passenger business there is on that lino will hereafter be taken care of by a freight train which will make one trip each way every 24 hours. The citizens of Pocahontas held a mass meeting Saturday night to formulate a kick, to be presenied to the railroad commissioners asking that body to use their influence in the matter of having the former train service re-established, but it is hardly probable the board will force the company to do business where there is none. The citizens of Pocahontas are invited to come to the main line when they want to see or ride on a regular passenger train. Sibley Tribune: _ The great Rock Island Route which runs between Sibley and Gowrie has commenced to move backward. Monday morning the combination freight and passenger train started from the Sibley station about 6 o'clock. Another train of the same class arrived in Sibley at about 0 o'clock In the evenlne, Thitjk of a supposed first-class railroad, traveling through one hundred miles of old settled country abandoning its passenger service for a freight once a day. Has the great prosperity baloon received a puncture and the railroad mergers been corn-pelled to throw out ballast in order to keep from dropping wiih a crash? Reveille: The Rock Island lias taken oft the passenger train from Gowrie to Sibley and now run only one train a day each way. The mixed train takes the place of the freight which went north from Laurens at 11:40 a. m. The people at Pocahontas held a mass meeting last Saturday night and are inaking a strong fight for a passenger. It Is cutting Pocahontas rather hard to wait sb many years for a railroad and then have to travel along by freight train, There is a man at Pocahontas by the name of Schultz who used considerable space in telling about the main line of the Rock Island running through Pocahontas and tlie calf path passing through Rolfe. Several times it was reported that two passengers would be on the main line by way of Poca-; hontas and that a freight perhaps would pass along the road through Rolfe. Too bad, but we hope that Pocahontas will be successful in having a passenger train. It is so slow going along on a freight. Plover Review: The warriors of Pocahontas have swarmed forth from thfeir wigwams, donned their war paint seized their tomahawks and war clubs and are camping on the trail of the Rock Island System's chiefs. It is all caused by the fact that the company, which has been giving the ."high line" a passenger and freight train each way daily, has seen fit to take off the passenger and. is now. running only a mixed traiti each way daily. A couhcii of war was,,held in the tbe big 'wigwam (court house) in Pocahontas last Saturday evening and many braves were present. The big sacbems of the village addressed them ivlt}^itery harrangues anent the action SFEGIflL BflROfllNS Fop Next 2 Weeks, Now that the boy will soon' start to school, he must be - properly clothed. We are offering- some fine bargains in School Shoes and Suits. Boys School Shoes at.........................$1.75 Two atid Three piece Suits at from____$1.50 to $5.00 Special sale on Boys knee pants for 2 weeks at. ..lOc ■'These Pants have been selling at 50c, 75o and $1.00. Tennis Shoes are now being closed out at Men's summer ribbed underwear, we are now closing out at 40 cents a suit. They formerly sold at TO cents a suit. Leather Gloves, just the threshers. Pocanonias Giovino House, H. B. McGHEB, M<iv. Allen BlocW, ilnlñlruuumíiñw^ ROYAL MORIAGE . É.. Jeweler Is the nanie of the new , China. It is the. finest you ever saw. And is ali , ' the rage now. G. MARTIN, - - and - - Qptician, SÉ Subscribe ' for the Deduocrat. ^ ^ ■} i , ^ "il ■ COtapany. Just what plan of (they'decided on is unknown i-we understand that the m^-taken up with.the ra ilroftd lers. Poor Pocabonta^r ^ long; hard tussel; gettiqif A dfij^bd nowuhe's got it, it won't Come and See Oyf We have the largest and best selected stock 9f farm implements in the County. J. I Case Threshers Bemeut Spaders, Sterling Discs, Moline Wagons, Monitor Winii:"Mills, Diamond and Daisy . . Sulky and Gang Plows, P. & 0. Plant era. and ' if' CultivatOTB. 3 • Howe «Sb Fairbanks-^cRlea. -f;. A complete line of farm implements;. Pumps, carriages and spring wagons.- STEINHILBER BRO^i Pocahontas, 4 % 1 t >4 T i ' 'if ^ Í ■
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