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Muscatine Journal (Newspaper) - January 5, 1918, Muscatine, Iowa Journal Wants Never Fail You THE SCATINE JOURNAL OLDER THAN THE STATE OF Telegraph News By Leased Wire ESTABLISHED J840 5 1918 TEN PAGES PKICE THREE CENTS DEMAND LLOYD GEORGE AFFIRMS ENGLANDS PEACE AIMS DEMOCRATIC GERMANY LOOKED UPON AS Germany to ONLY SECURITY OF WORLD PEACE BARGES FORRIV WILSON POLICIES UPHELD English Premier Takes Unassailable Position in Discussion of Englands War AimsSounds Warning as to German Peace Overtures David Morel George tho British premier in an epochmaking speeoh delivered today at what he declared to bo the most critica1 bour oi tho war laid Great Britains war aims tho world hoth more broadly and move than they have ever hotoro been formulated A just and lasting peace was Britains aim tho premier reiterated uud this bo declared muit bo achieved by tho reestabllshmoiit of the sanctity of treaties territorial adjustments on tho basis of self deter minjitioTi and tho limitation of armaments carried out by tho creation of an international was prepared to make oven greater sacrifices in achieving these ends lie declared In effect tho speech was a reply to and a rejection of tho German peace terms as voiced by tho spokesman lor tho central powers at tho BrestLUovsk conference No lasting peace was possible on tills basis ho assetled emphasizing tho point that mere lip service to the form ulas of no annexations no indemnities and self determination would not suOIco j London Jan 5 Premier Lloyd George addressing the trades unions today on the subject of war aims said that only the clearest greatest and most just of causes justify the continuance even for a day of this un speakable agony of Tho premier continued ought to le able to stale clearly and definitely not only the prin ciples for which we are fighting bnt their definite concrete application to the war map of tho world liavo the premier went on at the most critical hour of this terrible conflict and before any government takes the fateful decision as to the conditions under which it ought either to terminate Or continue the struggle it oaRht to bo satisfied that the conscience of tho nation is behind these Air Lloyd George said during the last few days he had taken special pains to ascertain the view and the attitude of representative men of all sections of thought in the country had read thei statement of labors aims he continued and had discussed the subject of war aims with Former Premier Aacruith and with Vincent Grey Had the na tionalist leaders in Ireland not been with the tangled problem of Irish self government he would have been happy to exchange views with them He had also consulted representatives of Great Britains overseas dominions As a result ot these discussions said Mr Lloyd George although tho government alone was responsible for the actual language ho proposed using there was a national agree ment as to tho character and pur pose oi tne nations war aims and peace conditions Ho was sipeaikim therefore not nlerely tho mind of tho government bnt the mind of the nation and tho onrpiro We are not fighting a war of ag gression against tho German poo declared the premier Demand Democratic Germany The destruction or disruption ot Germany or the German people has never been a war aim with 119 since the first day of the war to now The British people never aimed at breaking up the German peoples or the disentegration ofrthe state Our wish is not to destroy Germanys great position in the world font to Expand Her Air Program Associated Press Leased With the American Army In France Friday Jan The As sociated plans for aerial warfare on a larger scale than heretofore it is indicated ii documents taken from enemy prig oners are found upon published statements regarding the aerial war fare plans of the United States In formation to this effect has reacbec the American expeditionary forces It is indicated thatthe Germans believing that America intended putt ing machines by the tens of thou sands into the battle area immed iately enlarged their own plans in the expectation oE offsetting the Increas ed enemy forces Just when the enemys program will be realized is uncertain but the information ob tained in captured documents is re garded Iby ranking officers as mak ing it extremely desirable for a speedy and complete development of American air service Thirteen Million Dollar Ap propriation for Barge Line Latest Demand SERBIAN AVAR MISS1CKV E PKMSSES THANKS Head of Mission Supports Principle ofMonroe Doctrine us Best Poli cy for People ot World mocracy in Great Britain would stand to the last by the democracies of France and Italy We should be proud to fight to the he declared side by side with the new Russian democracy So would America Prance and Italy But if the present rulers of Russia act independently we have no means war mission to the United States was AHSociated Press Leased Washington Jan Serbian to arrest the catastrophe Russia can only be saved by her own peo ple mean to stand by the French democracy to the the premier continued in the demand the French make for a reconsideration of the great wrong of 1871 when Alsace Lorraine was torn away from them This sore has poisoned the peace of Europe for half a ceutury and until it is cured healthy conditions cannot he As regarded the German constitu tion Mr Lloyd George said Great Britain was not fighting to destroy it although it considered a military autocratic constitution a dangerous anachronism After his reference to the desirability of the adoption of a democratic constitution by Germany he continued received 311 the senate today Milenko R Vesnitch head of The Jsew Peace The days of the treaty of Vienna are long past We can no longer sub mit the future of European civiliza tion to the arbitrary decisions ot a few negotiators striving to secure by sreui nusmou JLI tu chicanery or persuasion the interests urn her aside from schemes of mil thls or that dynasty or nation Therefore government with the con sent of the governed must be the basis of any territorial Speaking with regard to the dispo sition of the German colonies the premier said They are held at the disposal of a conference whose decision must primary regard to the wishes and interests of their native inhabij t domination to devote her strength to boneflcient The premier continued with dec laration that Great Britain was not fighting to Constantinople from Turkey nor destroy AustriaHun gary Wo are not he said to dostroy AustriaHungary or de prive Turke yof its capital as the rich lands in Asia iMinor and Thrace which aro predominantly Our view the premier de clared is the adoption of a democratic constitution by Germany would be the most convincing evi dence that the old spirit of military domination was dead but that is a question for tho German people to The basis of any territorial sot her designs toward Rxissla can doubt her ultimate Mr Lloyd George said Whatever phrases Dr the mission spoke Dr Sima Losanitch and General Rasnitch the other members and M Michailovitch min Servia in Washington occupied seats of honor Dr Vesnitch praised the attitude of the United tales voiced unaltera ble faith that this country would lead the nations of the world mlo the mountain of perfect and become the arbiter of them and offered to the American people the heart felt gratitude of a small but of an honest Hail Monroe Doctrine Dr Vesnitch said Servia accepted with enthusiasm the doctrine Monroet as the doctrine of the world i and was happy to too permitted to share tha belief that rlgnt shall com mand might and that it ought not to be dishonored in the very inception More than anybody ha said Serbians believed that peace cannot subsist without justice without liberty and righteousness The Serbian nation with their kinsmen the Croats and Slovenesse said Dr have suffered in this war more than any other na tion We have fought for our liber ties as bravely as any one oE our gallant allies We too believe with you v president of the senate we too have faith today that tha morning light will break in this good year at hand and that it will break with the sun of liberty rising upon a rosetinted sky We too have in this solemn hour a vision and we voice our un alterable faith that this magnificent republic is to lead the nations ot the world upon the mountain of perfect peace and become the arbiter of them j MAY OPERATE NEW FLEET NEXT YEAR AVUson McAdoo and DIRE PLIGHT HATji1 STARVED AND ILLY OJAO MEN WELCOME CAPTUIME Prisoners But Like Kavenoos Animals Wlien Fed by Sticks Other to the Fore Associated Press Leased Italian Army Headquarters in Northern Italy Friday By The Associated offi cer commanding tho Austrian captured in the reconf French success on Monte Tombu gave the correspondent an oppor tunity going among them talking freely with officers and men ed Favorable to Now Appropriation on war conditions and what the St Louis Wrm Heady to Bulldj do in on Boats in Six Mouths Time A more miserable lot Of human ij St Louis Jan S Hawes president of the St Louis Chamber oC Commerce announced today that the St Lou New Orleans river delegation in Washington had demanded ot the war department for IB tow boats and 200 wooden barges to be used in the revival of trade on the entire Mississippi This does not include the recently ap propriated for a barge line on the upper river A bill now is being pre pared for introduction in congress authorising tho appropriation The SLAV PEACE ENVOYS FAIL TO APPEAR FOR PARLEY TURKS PRESENT PEflCE ASK RUSSIAN EVAODA1MOX TURKISH TERRITORY Unexpected rxsvelopmenfc Reported Today in RussianGerman Peace Negotiations Would Negotiate With Constituent Assembly Prosa London Jan tho dele gates of tho central powers arrived fleet are provided t Brest Mtovsk to rcsnmo UTO peace s ragged and the tinselled iu the draft of Turkish peace negotiations they found no Russian mtatiou on the uniforms was gonterms presented to Russia according delegates tlicro according to a Vien to an exchange telegraph despatch despatch to Zurich forwarded lijn from Turkey it is exchange Telegraph company Demobilization of Russian ulack Son Meet Also Kree Passage Through DurdonoUcs Associated Press Incased WJroA London Jan passage of the Dardanelles for Russian ships beings would be difficult to imagine Russian evacuation of Turkish tcrrl The officers ware in even worse and tbe demobilization of the me1 grenad with rust Crerman Delegates Find1 Note Demanding Change of Meeting Place EXPECT GERMANY TO REFUSE A TRANSFER The officers were ujikopt and had not been shaved Arc Poorly Clad The officers were unkept and had not been shaved for a weak TllQ malu points in the draft pre vided is to retain her active army 11lult awaited them was a tclegrami in consequence ot the continuation from the Russians asking for trans of war tiio entente Their red bands looked pieces Beuted Turkish delegates aro of raw beef steaik None ad overISivea in the despatch as follows coats as all were wearing light I a Frontier lines to remain as trench uniforms when the lEYench swept around them Yet despite this misery they put on a surpris ingly bold front and anyone measure will include a blanket they are crushed is clostog his propriation of for de veloping all inlandnavigation Presi dent Wilson McAdoo and Chairman Hurley of tho shipping board have expressed their approval of the ap iropriation and the bill has a good chance of passing Hawes said If he money is forthcoming tho now 300 harge fleet will be in operation n A companyisready n St Louis to build the heats and Insure them a paying cargo eyes to facts The correspondent metthe prison ers on a road leading to tho town where they are being rounded up preparatory to being set to work or sent to a prison camip All ages were seen among the iprisonera There was a boy ot eighteen and a man of fifty with before tho war two years of the con clusion ot peace the contracting par ties shall conclude a convention res pecting sea trade and consulates losses incurred by indivi duals to he refunded fcr of tho negotiationls to Although tho Bolshevjld minister Leon Trotzky announced that the German peace terms not be accepted it was expected that the delegates would return to BrestLitovsk for the nbeetingsl which were to ho resumed inform the central powers of Russias attitude The Russians requested transference the negotiations to beard A coating of trench I within limits to national defense to undertake to remove to be given tor the Stocholm because they would have territorial entegrity and development Jess difficulty there in obtaining full Persia on a basis of her entire publicity cpnceralng tho negotia independeiice passage to be granted Russia ships passing through the Dardanelles and the Bospborus nnroflTT fniiiri UrtnlllL lilt CABINET MTfflEEERS FAVOil CUM MINS AMENDMENT mud made them look worse than they really ferb for they had stout boots logiglngs and overcoats Some had shawls and blankets Their headgear consisted of ibattered helmets and caps with heavy hoods They tramped along sullenly to large court yards where food was being distributed Each got a small tin of meat and a lange chunk ot bread The correspondent tasted bread and found it better inqual ity than he had been getting in first class restaurants The prisoners ate likeravenous animals and said it was the best food they had had in Attack Way Surprise The correspondent was told Iby the Governmental Control ot Meat and I Coal as Well as Transportation Looms as Possibility Continued on Page Two Journals Special Washington D Jan ident Wilson is being urged by cab inet members to utilize the Cummins to the food law and Substitute for Paris Planned Associated Press Loused With the American Army in taken it is believed unless conditions improve soon May Control Meat Associated Press Leased Philadelphia Jan United States government may take over the meat industry of the coun try in order to control the three prin cipal necessities of war coal and transportation This was plainly indicated at todays session of the federal commission here connected with the commission which has been investi gating meat conditions here prophe sied that the government intended to seize all the packing house and allied industries and Francis J Honey who is examining witnesses did not deny that the plan considered in Washington Inquiry Significant ADID AUSTRITANS The course the investigation is taking is plain said Mr over all coal at the mines and sell all Jan By the to the public This action will bo Associatecl cooperation with the Red Cross Y M C A head quarters are busy completing arrange ments for other centers than Paris where the personnel ot the American expeditionary forces can go when they are given have clean and healthy amusement such as movies baseball football mountain climbing and other sports It is hoped that these centers will prove substitutes for Paris as permits to spend leave there have been sus pended to all officers and men of the interests ot temperance and morality dominions ruled by the Prussian tlement must be government with sword and the rest of the Russians the consent of the the premier asserted Assails Peace Terms Referring to tho pronouncement made on December 25 by Count Czernin the AustroHungarian for eign minister BrestLltovsfc peace conference the premier is impossible to believe that any permanent peaco could he erect etl ori such a foundation Mere lip she uses to delude Russia she because we know that the Amer not mean to surrender any of thoiicall commandments of peace areHene Draw your own conclusions Russian provinces and cities now occommaniaments of justice which alone1 must absolutely decline to be quoted in connection with the mat ter It is up to the federal trade commission I have been ordered to cupied Under one name or enaDie mankind to improve in they will henceforth be part Prussian will be enticed or bullied into pleto economic and nltimate political Demand Restoration Reparation means the premier said Unless interna tional right is recognized by insis tence on payment for injury done in defiance of its canons it can never be a reality Next comes the restor ation of Serbia Montenegro and the service to the formula of no annex occupied partsof France Italy and indemnity and selfdetsrm The complete withdrawal of alien arnjies and reparation for injustice is the fundamental condi tion of a permanent We regard as vital said the Prem ier the legitimate claims of the ination is useless Premier Lloyd George said thai an independent Poland comprising all gonuinely Polish elements who desired to participate was an urgent necessity for the stability of western Europe Loyal to France Ir The prime minister said that de I Ttali ians for union with those of their Continued on Page free evolution In the service of these ideals the allied governments will win this fight unless we are all crushed in slavery tinder the Prussian heel for the sake of our com mon humanity the heartfelt gratitude of a small tout of an honest ALLIED NATIONS Special Douglas Jan Three Mexicans were killed and four cap tured by members of troop of lines taken The government will do what it sees The federal government will as sume control ot the business through a said a member of the commission who disclosed the pur pose of the countrywide meat inves tigatiou now in I cannot cavalry in a fight two miles south the Mexican border which follow ed a raid yesterday iby Mexicans who JOIN IN BIGr quoted The meat supply is to the Associated Press leased Peking Friday Jan ne gotiations hy which Japan was to ad vance to China the sum of 000 for the purpose of improving the position of the hank of China were to have been completed today but the signing postponed at the last moment The delay is declared to he due to the decision of American French and British hanking groups to participate actively in the loan nation what the are to transportation and it is conclusively proved that regulation at this time is Meet Russian Tjoan Washington Jan of the interest on the Russian loan of it was announced by representatives of theKussian gov ernment here today will be paid by the National City hank of New Yorlo on January 110 STATISTICS SLIGHT DOWNWARD TKENI Meats Flour and Susar All Take Tumble Says U S Jiil Lower Than Wholesale Associated PreHB Leased Washington cosl of living Jan is on tho The high downward tlons and also because they preferr ed a noutral place to tho German eastern headquarters for holding the discussions The German chancellor Count Von Hertling told the Reich stag main committee on Thursday that tho German delegates had been her armes to territory within the instructed to refuse to transfer the previous Russian borders in six to eight weeks after singing the peace agreement leaving only one division to safeguard her frontier to demobilise her of special Armenian units and also to demobilize the Black Sea navy to retain her active army in consequence of continuation of war against the entente to Stockholm Tlini Clandestine Pact London Jan the re sumption of conferences at Brest Litovsk today no fresh developments aro reported from Russia regarding the peace negotiations Special des patches from ePtrograd report at tempts hy tha German delegates at Petrograd to make some sort of a clandestine agreement with the mem bers of the constituent assembly Tho correspondent of the daily news says that the Germans are trying through a neutral diplomat tw got into communication with mem bers of the assemblj Their object is obvious hs adds tho parties opposed to the Bolshoviki are quite ready to profit hy the Bolshevikl re fusal to make peace and to tell the people that tho Bolshevik promised them peaco Tint gavo them war The version of the correspondent of the Daily Mail istha t the Ger mans have been putting pressure direct or indirect upon tho govern ment in connection with the sum moning of 11 constituent assembly an the Germans have been making it pretty olivious that they aro unwill ing to recognize the Bolsboviki as representatives of a majority of thf Russian people or even as temporary trustees of the sovereign power Tho Daily NWK despatch expresses fear that Germany will find the consti trend according to a statement today ituent assembly more amenable than of the bureau of labor statistics the Bolshevfld in regard to making which says that the retail price of peace and quotes foreign minister food as a whole for November was iTritfiky saying that the Bonrg one per cent less than in October are prepared to give away half Ot standard articles twelve showed the country if they can obtain con decreases four remained stationary in price and eleven increased The question of whether a continu ance of tlie decline may be expected was not touchedby the bureau It would take many months like Novem ber however to put prices back to prewar levels as the bureau calcu lated that prices were 23 percent higher than in November 1910 46 per cent higher than ill the same month of 1914 and 4S per cent high er than in 1913 Corn meal has in creased 127 per cent in the four year period flour 09 per cent lard 104 per cent bacon 77 per cent su gar 75 per cent and potatoes 72 per cent Returning to more cheerful sub jects from the bureau October to announced that November pork steak cent per cent and round Hour 3 and sugar surprised two American soldiers at j chops dropped in price 11 per cent the Slaughter ranch ffiOmiles east otlhens 5 per cent sirloin here and took them prisoners across the line When word of the capture reached army headquarters the cavalrymen were dispatched to rescue the Ameri can soldiers Two miles south ot the border they came up with tha raiders who were all armed Tho Mexicans opened fire on their pur suers who returned the fire In quick ordr three Mexicans were killed and the other four tho later being wounded No Americans were killed or wounded In the en gagement The American soldiers were suc cessful in retrieving the two officers of their command captured by the troi of the government of tho other half Ikiiiino Would Bargain Regarding tho attitude of the Ukraine towards the Germans Daily NOWS soys that tho Rada is willing to strike a bargain with the Germans The Petrograd correspon dent of the Times who is now in London writes that the Ukrainians are determined to send a mission to BrestLitovftk not to negotiate n seiarate peaco but to ascertain Ger manys intentions against little Rus sia says The Germans arc willing he to recognize theRada on the 2 per cent Since tho beginning of 1917 the retail prices ot most staidard com modities have fluctuated at a rela level as compared with their 1913 base than have the whole sale prices This is particularly no table in bacon lard dressed lamb butter milk flour corn meal and Sir Morris BaBron Associated Press London Friday Ed ward Morris who recently retired as premier of New Foundland ban been made a baron in recognition of bis service to the empire basis that tha Ukraine supply Ger many with foodstuffs and recognize German economic interests in the Ukraine Neither of these points the correspondent adds is to Lit tle Russians taste but if the allies fail to help tho Ukrainians or adopt a policy of compromise with the Bolshevik the Rada may have to yield and the Cossacks too Newspapers in Petrograd continue to report fighting in tho whore according to the correpondcnt of tho Times civil war is waging fast and Curious The Weather tonight colder west and centra portions Sunday partly cloudy and colder probably snow flurries in extreme east portion
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