Thursday, October 23, 1873

Jones County Liberal

Location: Monticello, Iowa

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Jones County Liberal (Newspaper) - October 23, 1873, Monticello, Iowa Nl ^^ ' ME WEEK. i>, Cast. ' ," » • ' . mfcle- of * 8took » iii. New ^ lie Hth liiet.-, i » nd Wall i B tote.' of exciteinept which very .,,_ n £' e 'l another panic. On the Stock ngViniatten* were painfully blue, and qa£ ta| ifiujt^ « U jvon J> ql » w th » panto ^ pri » » a of the paattcH yaarti. Now York Central dropjSefl from 88J to 82i, which was, taken lonjfS'rwlWreupoiituo whole Vandorbilt list went headlong. Western Union fell from 671$ to| 8; IAK* « horo from OBJ to- felf, a'ndNortnweetern and Union Pacific followed suit. Vari- OUH j^ M80 » B are iiueignoj fory « thq. co large amounts of Lake Shore, Western Union, nnd other . ettxjUs " which had t>** n hold . by . » ffj oollstteral ; th « : : tiaukruptcy procoedingp agiliist Keuyou Cox & Co., involving Janiel Prejr, one of tlM w of wliich cmild not pnt np any more" collaterals. Iu addition.; tq, .. the^ . cauMS there was 3 also a p^ ntcty ' fcoling among out B^ ri, Vwho itetit in'ordvrt to eell . lajge • nionhtg, 1 Tind this in? turn ilelped te preoipitate thi'avalauohe.!' The BiiBpennionB of the day. were Bui- gen, Hnlbnrt & Livingiiton, sugar lioTiBo ; Gilloepio, Trowbridgott. Coi, tea dealsrs ;, William M. Whittemore,' Wise 4 Crous, and C. H. Pierce, stock brokers. The effect upon the money market was Of Krorjr DticrlptlOB Excuted with Neatness MQNTICELLO, IOWA, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 23,1873. NO. 5. ew York State Treasury Las • been arrested for embezzlement, the nmouut of winch is atoted at $ 300,000. Five men entered tho First National Bank of Athens, Pa.^ Me* night* » g6, gagged the Cashier, and robbed ths safe of $ 20,000. . ' • The price of gold iu Wall street dropped to 107J on the ICtli inst., tho lowest point since the wivr. * > « » f # "' l "-' ing out of the stock panic in Wall street was the precursor of the downfall of the venerable cormorant, Cornelius Vauderbilt. There was a great tumble in Vauderbit stocks, and tor the moment matters did wear a discouraging look for the Commodore ; but so far from 1 there is fear and trembling among the timid " bears." The sad death of Mortimer Leggett, » young ( student of Cornell University, and eon of the United States Commissioner of Patents, occasions the most profound excitement at Ithaca, young Leggett was the victim of the most barbarous treatment at the Imnds of a number of hib fellow- students, who had undertaken tho task of initiating him into Hie • myjitorieB of m college secret pocioty. Tho usual, practice of' blindfolding th* candidate and cutting him with a whip- lash, and otherwise ill- treating him, appears to have been'barrted ottVto the letter in JntB_ inatance, anS to luive reeiilfed in tho moat tragic 0011- ^ Pittsburgh is agitated by a crime of unusuaV atrocity. An " aged widow lady,' who livad alone, was found murdered iu her bed, her head beAteu- olmoet into a pulp, Bobbery was the incentive, MB hor trunks were rifled of thoir contents. ^ Philadelphia reports great stringency in the money market of that city. ' Notes with firstclass coltateral security sell at 15@ 18," per cent., iudqi- eed' paper of high grade at about the same'Yatesj wlHh salea'of less favorably known names at 24 per cent. York." The foreign export" trado^ atf one time time e^ rionsly threatencsd by the panic, is in a health^'' Condition, aud large shipments are made by every outgoing steamer without raateri* l. ti} Leration iu rates. .. One juaa^ waa , i] ist^ utly. : kill « i}; and- four rftfters ffttliiiy'iujireafb'ftlib " e^ ifloBloii ' 8f" a' blast furnace iu Baugor, Maine, on Saturday. •, I''' •„* T 1 * 8 west. . • _ Chicago erected, during tho twelve mouths ending Oct. 9, 37,013 lineal feet, or more than Bcveu uiiles of' frontage, of iron, stone and riokbiuHlijgB. j • > -• y f - ' t Tbo- Illinoa Grand Lodge of Odd- Fellows was in session, at Springfield last week. Tho report o£, tb. q Grand, Master shows that thirty hew lodgeshavebeen instituted and five revived during.^ he, past. year. ' I'dtal . membership in the St » U, 24,000,' Baoeipta during - tha year, $ 18,751,09; balance in the treasury, $ 9,672.10. J L jl i o e u u i t i i i. . 1314414^* 121.. w tt^ i h th u a t t B . D m uj t i t t l i l u f tj o i. c ij c i2 e , , r ia e i c * e u n u t ii l j y r pursued i Joand'of Indiana from tlio Camp Verde Keservation, in Arizona, overtook them, aud, in the flght. that ensued, killed fourteen warriors.' '^ xj^ ffftXX^ M,- The seventh annual reunion of the officers and soldiers of tho Army of the Tennessee, held at Tploclo on the 15th inst., was attended by mauy distinguished persona, including President Jlrant, Gena.^ Sheriuan, Sheridan, preeided, '* Sn< j " aadrc'sseB^ were' Selivored by Gens. Sheridan, Pope, Bclknap, and others. . An . Omaha dispatch brings intelligence of another of those terrible prairie fires, which rage with. such. . violence at this season of the year. On the ' 14th inst. one. of' these fires swept over Usenty- flve miles , pf country, in ^ 6ieJ « d-,| » iT 0 r « oj » - io'u. leB, ' Nebraska, destroying many farm- houses and large quantities of grain. The saddetit part of tho report is. the , intelligence that ton schoolchildren were overtaken by the furious flames. Throe of them perished pn tho spot, and three otlierB ' cannot Burvivo." The other four, although fearfully injured, will recover. i. Alargedolegateoonvention was held inDenver, Col., last week, to mature a plan for irrigating the Western Territories. A committee was appointed to memorialize Congress to exlondj- Gvernment aid, so'. tb, « . t structed in the several Stales and Territories where irrigation is resorted to for the cultivation of cereals, fruits and vegetables. A war party of Sioux Indians lately attacked tho Poncaa AgeneyfTS miles west of Sioui City. A severe battle ensued, in which a number ? f Indians on both sides wore slain. Tho Tranfi- Missouri Irrigating Convention at Denver adopted a memorial to Congress ivnl^ ug . fat » ; BJ. a. » t tolthe States? of ,3Sev « 8a, Oregon,' California, Nebraska, " Kans'as ani Touts, and to the Territories, of one- half of the arid lands : . within, their bordora. the proceeds to* be devoted to the construction of an extensive system of irrigation. The memorial also « , sliB for ' the division of the homestead and pre- emption lands, so that thoy will be incms e'quttabjMn^ their character. ' 0. W. Mead, General Manager of the Northern Pacific Tailroad, asserts positively that wori'ofi the road will bo begun and prosecuted with vigor in the spring, The TeSas'^ afctle fever iB, eaid to be raging in Daviess county, Mo.- •- ' -•' • " The American House, Minneapolis, Minn,, h » » been! destroyed b. v flre, Ou « of the gu « « U WM burned to d » ath. Tho Chicago and Atlantic Bailroad Company has received notification by cablo of tho sale in London of $ 5,000,000 worth of bonds of the road. Tho colored people of the Indian Territory have adopted a memorial to Congress asking for equal rights in the Territory with the Indians, aud for tho organization of a Territorial Government. The Hon. W. B. Williams has boon nominated by the Kepublioans of the Fifth District of Michigan for Congress, to succeed Wilder B. Foster. Jt- M. v *•* * s * Winter has net in early iu th. o Far West. Eight inches of enow fell iu Wyoming and Utah on the 17th of October, and tho Union Pacific trains were delayed several hours thereby. The JVational Crop Jleporler, of Oct. 18, states that additional reports indicate still greater losses to tho corn crop than havo as yet beou established. Tlie Executive Committees of tho State Granges in tho Northwest held a meeting at Keoliuk, Iowa, on the 10th and 17th of October. Their sessions were held with closed doors, aud only a portion of their worlds made public. One of tlU,, re| ohitious adopted contemplates an ext* niSv< f system of agricultural statistics, to be collated by town assessors aud tabulated by a Commissioner of Statistics, at tho capital of each State, for publication iu the papers. Bakersheld, Kern county, Cal., wnu the seono of a bloody affray on tho day of tho recent election, in which three men wore killed. At Kalamazoo, Mich., a few days ago, a colored mau was caught iu the machinery of a machiue- ohop aud run around at the rate of 200 revolutions a minute, literally tearing him to pieces. One foot was thrown through tho skylight, lodging on the roof. Oue Kelly, his wife and grandchild were burned to death in Toledo, tho other day, by the burning of the shanty in which they lived. - "*-•' ' s ; - '* Tho Executive Committee of tho Iowa State Grange of Patrons of Husbandry have decided to establish a largo reaper and mower factory in Den Moines. A flre in Madison, Wis., on tho 18th of October, destroyed $ 100,000 worth of property. The South. A horrible outrage was recently perpetrated near Boydsville, in West Tennessee. Eighteen armed men went to the house of a citizen, and took a negro girl out into the woods, and each in turn outraged her poreon. The people with whom the girl was living were powerless to prevent the, outrage, and were compelled to listen to ffi'e agonizing shriek* of tho helpless creature. Mor body was found » oou after the beasts had loft, most horribly mangled, aud life extinct. Mr. R. M. Eicharde, proprietor of a Nashville theater, was shot and instantly killed, a few days ago, by James Hagan, a railroad engineer, for seducing his ( Hagau'e) sister. The yellow fever scourge is rapidly abating in Memphis. Dallas, Texas, was recently visited by a $ 60,000 fire. Cloud, tho oarsman who essayed to row from Philadelphia to Now Orleans, was found dead in his boat, tho ether day, 112 miles above tho litter oil}'. ' Tho city of Louisville was greatly alarmed a few evenifigWafb - by- a ftjrrifie gas explosion in tho basemout of tho City Hall, caused by leaky gas- pipes. It is feared tho foundations of the building are injured. Jacob Daub, of Louisville, shot his wife dead with a shot- gun a few days ago. Ho charges her with inridolity. Three dollars and a half a pound is a pretty round figure to pay for cotton, but Bnuh a price was realized for a bale of the staple at Memphis, the other day. Tho proceeds went to tho relief of the yellow fever sufferers. Tho steamer Mary E. Poe, from St. Louis to New Orleans, was burned on tho Mississippi river, near Oseeola, Ark., on the 18th of October. Six or eight lives were lost. The Old- School Presbyterian Synod of Missouri has decided) by » iV '> equalize the capital of the couiiOKf rimouy taken in the Polaris iuvoiticouclUHivoly establishes theSAict Hall died of paralysis. Tho Wjjple to the evidence, partojjflB of coffee of which Cupt. Hall ( jr'otik, . t feeling auy ill effects from uO Fo " r - H ei i gn. r ,% * i t ie report of the Ifflcially contralto > en ill. . urgent vessels naval euci „ ,„- agona. pemtd| r, ' but lacked thijp| g|| lled and fon l^ wf- Hyacintho has three cure* in Geneva M. Kane, a member Mine, von " Bio- . Tlie lady has ave been ith thoS_ Is fought" e. wounded. > oou elected one of tlio IdCathoUq*.; ' oncli ABBoiibly, has been- Cried by a council of war for hilitar ith the Co who wont expuM Empire. luiiists, aud uontpMJod Ion claiming to ui Government lias if nil emigration agents frofwlho tine trial increase* in mtiwset,, an 09. A stronger case is Doing iriado it the Marshal than was bonVfoil nd it is said he aud his friondr aru less confident in theii* toue * fcud , states that since theflto linany wavering Deputies have" iloin'favor of the Republic. f |^' s from Pokiu Btato that thirty- seven C h i u o villages wore recently swept away by the overflow of the river Yang- Tiuo, c destruction of human and ice has reached New York that the CulHip|{ i| hBurgonts Imvo captured * » nd BBClBa ! tn > 4 town of Santa Cruz del Sur. The most important result of this victory ie iho GOO rifles and 60,000 cartridges."". .„__ Albout and M. Horve, of jatis, ieeti" fined 200 francs each for fightiifg a of the Stack has been forbidden in of Paris. proclamation, appointing Thursday, November 27, as a day of National Thanksgiving. Only 49 of 105 youths, who wore examined for admission to the. Naval Academy, were qualified. Iu Juno hint 44 out of 76 • quali fied. Senator Suuiuor, yielding to the advice of his friends, has renounced the lecture- field for the present BOIIHOII. A Washington dispatch sayn: It ia reported that costly goods aro being rcshippod to Europe because there is no market for them in this country at present, hilks, satins, velvets, laces, and ribbons aro chief among these roshipmouts. No Iocs to the country iu import duties ii occasioned, but owners lose heavily iu tie cost of fi- eight, InBiiranoc and lulidUug. This groat ulorm of the 24th and 25th of August, on thfe Now Brunswick coast, wan one of the most torrillu and dealruclivo cyclones of which history furuiuhos any record. A report of the damage done by the gale has been prepared and published by the Signal Office at Washington. About 1,032 vessels, of which 425 wore small fishing schoonorn, aro known to have boon destroyed in the neighborhood of the Gulf of St. Lawrence and the Atlantic shores of Nova Scotia, Capo Breton, and Newfoundland. In addition to this largo number, over DO vessels wore destroyed by the same storm in its course bofore reaching Nova Scotia, making a total or 1,122 vessels destroyed within a fo\ v days. Some 223 lives aro definitely reported lost, and the moat moderate estimate of numerous cases iu which whole crown aro stated to have been lost, swells the number to nearly GOO, while if to this bo added the loss of life on laud and in the earlier hiatory of the cyclone, the grand total amounts to at least 600 HVOH. Records also show that about 900 buildings \ fefe injured di" to* tally » destroyed by the storm. Louis Riol, the Munitolmn rebel, ban been elected to the Canadian Parliament by acclamation, and has loft for Ottawa, although ho is under indictment iu Manitoba, jointly with • Lopino, one of his staff, during the rebellion, for the murder of Scott. George Francis Train has again sailed for Europe. Ho makes the gratifying announcement that he will never return to America. A national convention of Fire Marshal) hug been in session iu Baltimore during the past week, discussing the various modes of fighting the fiery fiend. Tho engineers designated by the War Department to examine the bridge across the ttonoml Notes. " TEXAS" is. Spanish and means a A PRKSiiNAN measuring six foot seven inches has made hazing unpopular at Yale. FIFTY now weekly newspapers havo been started in Nehraska within the past year. IT is said that nine- tenths o{ the ministers in tho country are not as well paid as base- ball professionals. A MANSiriEM) ( O.) man reached through the bars and pulled a lion's tail, but ho won't do it with that, hand again. _ THEHE aro only two living luumtUu— the inali and tho dog— which ean stand an instantaneous change from Arctic eold to tropical heat without Buttering deterioration or losing health. Fivrv years ago the following; advertisement appeared in a Cincinnati paper: " Passengers wanted— A wagon will start for New York city in about two weeks. Five passengers will bo accommodated at $ 25 each." Tun ladies of two of tho largest congregations in Columbia, On., havo resolved to buy no more dresses this fall on account of the hard times. If they must purchase thoy will only buy goods of home manufacture, IT is stated that fifteen out of every forty- one who havo died in Connecticut during tho pant live years were druuk;- ardst Itather aland of f unsteady', than of stoa'dy habits^ ouo might judge, unless " steady drinks" bo referred to. IN view of tho present iron scarcity in England some ot' tho papers aro complaining of tho absurdity of wasting it, us is done in tea. It is stated that a very largo percentage of iron and steel tilings is mixed with various grades of teas, especially ii Canton. those coming from irouux ui J. uun. i . - -- u tel « am from Paris announces that tho Mississippi river at St. Louis have decided MoBarchfi& l parties have come to an absoluta agr jfpriglt; that Chatnbord has made conce6S| ouBJrhich are satisfactory to tho Liberal Monarchists, and the following will be submitted at: tha opening of the Assembly: Tho ! that the bridge is a very serious obstruction to navigation. An the plan cannot now bo changed without enormous cost, it is proponed to obviate tho difficulty by cutting a canal behind the eastern abutment 125 feet wide and proclamation of a hereditary constitutional 1 80 ° ( oot lon S< witn a a ™ w °' tuo B » mo monarchy, tho King promising liberty of conscience and equality boforfl the'law as tho right of all. A dispatch, reporting tlio' agreement betweab the Count do Chambord and tho monarchical* ' party in the French Assembly, gives tho f ol- The Department of Agriculture reports that the condition of the cotton crop has fallen off from 89 to 78$ since the first week in September. Tho season must be of average length, and comparatively favorable for picking, to insure a crop equal to that of last year. A Washington correspondent nays Senator Carpenter's friends are confident that he will make a mocoBsful defense of the Long Branch icanditl in which hU name hM b* « n » o protataent. lowing additional points of the programme to be proclaimed at the opening of tho session: Tho eligibility of all persons to civil employment ; universal suffrage; tho reasonable liberty of the press, and tho tri- color to bo maintained as the flag of Franco. John Bright has been ' rb- olcctod to tho British Parliament without opposition. Private advices from the French settlement of St. Pierre give information of tho assassination of Mous. do Yore, the first Bishop of that diocese. The Biuhop AVttB murdered in tho sacristy of tho chapel of St. Jean do Diou, having been stabbed in the heart and lungs while at prayer. A consin ot tno murdered prolate is accused of the awful crime. Ten persons wore recently killed at Valparaiso, South America, by a falling wall, during the progress of a fire. King William aud Prince Bismarck have boon visiting Franz JoHpph of . Austria. A Paris diuriatch states that the Republicans are working with great activity and energy to counteract tho designs of tlio Monarchists. Thiera speaks confidently of the result. Two of tho insurgent vessels at Cartagena recently came into collision, and one of them was sunk and tho whole crew lost. The wife of Pore Hyacinthe has given birth to a sou. , ^ , Political. '' ;- * f v rilliant parts as n debater, at once ; avo him prominence and influence. Jnless it wore by the rufliauly assault and will appeal tto. question to the Nationa Grange. Grunt hM i « u » 4 hi* unuil ipou Senator Svunner, in 1856, by a Sopreseutative from South Carolina, . he Titter barbarism of the slave power was not more conspicuously illustrated linn in tho case of tho accomplished aud generous Brodorick. Tho slave jower doomed him to destruction, and ie fell in a duel in September, 1859, slain by tho Chief- Justice of the State which this victim of a horrible custom lad done so much to honor. Tho death of Mr. Broderick gave occasion to one of the noblest exhibitions of American eloquence, in the appreciative, majestic and profoundly pathetic funeral oratior Edward D. Baker, afterward United States Senator, Brigadier- General o ; he Union army, who mot his death in jattle, gallantly contending against tho same power at whose command Broderiok. himself had fallen.— Ingemoll'ft Life and Times of . Horace Grccley. SOMK idea of the rate at which the forrests of the Northwest are falling bonoath tho axe of the lumberman may be gathered from the following : The total nount of lumber run out of Cass river, jehigan, this season, is about 80,000,- 01), feet out of the An Ores 60,000,000, tt of the Bide boonm 60,000,000, and it of the Saginaw river 75,000,000. A STJWMSN flood, which resembled irk wall of water, came pouring- down ie Colorado river at Austin, Tex., on ot. 4, sweeping everything before it. ho rise was so sudden and unexpected nit a number of negroes with thoii ; ams were overtaken in tho ford anil ve or six drowned, with most of the nimals. The wall of water was severa eet high. The Mobile Jtcgistcr Bays : " If, as redicted by competent judges, the cot on crop of tho South should reach foni ill ion billow and sell at even 15 cents— utting tho bale down at d50 pounds, 01 $ 7' 2.50 a bale— tho proceeds wouir ot bo less thau two hundred and ninety ill lion dollars, or far more than th ait ( id capital of nil the nation •! bunks iVho's afriii'd ?" AT tho oloso of 1873, there will bo bout 70,000 miles of railroad iu tho Jnited States. The ties fur thin vas extent of roml . yili havo tq. bo renewei bout every eight years, so that at loasi ,750 miles willhavo to bo tied each yeai ith 21,000,000 ties. With our prosen estnictiou of forests and our ncgleo f forest culture, where aro tho ties to omo from twenty years hence ? Itulcs for Health. Do not f rot. Bleep eight hours of each day. Pray with a pure heart and clean kin. Bathe often. ] je much in the sunlight, and prefer ight- colorod clothing. Fruits are cooling to the blood, and specially adapted to warm weather. • Avoid stimulation by spirits of all duds, Ktroiig coffee and tea, opium and . obacco. ,.• ,> Keep the head cool, foot and heart warm, hopes heavenward, and finger > ails clean. One hearty raeal of Meat per day is ; ot Scold. Parents are apt to forget that chil dren dread reproof, and frequently scold them unnecessarily. What mat ber if all their daily behavior is no' quite pleasant or perfect, if thoy shov improvement and progress ? Sow goot seed, anxious parent, cultivate with care, but wait patiently for har vest, if you wieh good fruit. Suppose a child does not sit as straight as a rum rod at table ; suppose a pup or tumble doe j slip through its little linger, the food below deluged, the goblet smashed and the table- cloth ruined— do not lool cross, and break out with reproof o what was unintended as if it were a willful wrong. Did you never let glass slip through your fiugora 1 In stead of; Kentliiif,' the . child » w » y in an ger, or with thrf at ening words, why no be as generous us to a guest, to - whom you would kindly say, " It is of no cou sequence." It is generally wise to tak no notice of mishaps or bad behavior a the time, and oven to divert attentio from them at this instant. Afterwani at some appropriate time, draw th child's attention to the impropriety fault, or lack of suitable care, ana pom out kindly the remedy. Adulteration of Flour. The London Hour says the lates novelty in adulteration of food come from Dublin. At a meeting of the Nort Board of Guardians it was ordered tha tho clerk- should write to the Deput Quartermaster- General to ascertain th name of the contractor who supplie flour for the troops, which flour had re cently loeen analyzed and condemned a unfit for human food. The modus ope randi was explained by Capt. Brinkloj one of the Guardians. Somewhere Wales there are quarries of white stone easy to pulverize. . This is brought i Dublin, ground into ike oottSisteiicy i flour, and mixed with the genuine n tiole. It makes beautiful bread to loo at, and people do not eat so much of i TIIK FARMEIIS' MOVEMKNT. Oi'nngii Item*. Tun Orange organization is spreading apidly iu Virginia. GKANOGS nro being rapidly formed hroughout Now Hampshire. liUNGUB are about to bo organized hroughout Now York State. GHOROU linn now 111 Granges, showng an increase of twenty- live iu two veeks. Tins Patrons of Husbandry havo ornnizod a Woolen Factory Association it Dakota, Iowa, with # 30,0110 capital. Tint order is prospering rapidly ovovyvhero in the Union. The whole iium- ) or of Granges in tho United States is 1,378. IT is stated that tho State Grange of 10 Patrons of Husbandry of South Carolina has sneuooded in mukiug ar- • angements with a railroad leading to , ho Northwest by which they got freight vt one- half tho old rates. Flour is irausported from Dnbuque to Ohiirles- .011, S. O., at $ 1.35 per barrel, instead of $ 2.83. ONIS ot tho little jobs that will bo urged upon the Government at the next session of Congress will bo tho improvement of tho Ohio river, at an estimated 3ost of $ 25,000,000. Then there will be Homothiug asked in behalf of the Alleghany river, the Moiiongahela, the Wabanli, the Kentucky, and its three forks " up as far as practicable." W. 0. IjANia, a member of Farmers' Homo Grunge, loaded two ears with rtovn, nt Ashawa, on the Valley nmd, for Chicago, on one of which he roali/. oil i!( i iiculB and on tho other a fraction over 27J cents per bushel. His brother farmers sold to shippers at Ashawa, on tlie sumo day his corn was placed on the track, for 21J cents. So much for our grange arrnugementH. A TjAiiun number of Granges near Lawrence, Kan., recently turned out to assist a poor and sick J'atron in doing up his farm work. Seventeen teams were on the ground, with willing hands to man thorn. An enterprising photographer near by, hearing of the turnout, hand- lied lo the place with his eumerii and immortalized this practical demonstration of brotherly lovu iu nn excellent sun picture. SATIHFACTION GUARANTEED. Northwestern railroads has destroyed competition, and left tho farmers at the moroy of those heartless corporations. The rates have been increased, and a tux of millions of dollars has boon levied upon tho industry of tho West. Tho local oflloos of one company seek to identify themselves with one party, while thoHO of tho othur avo trying to control tho opposition. In that way they seek to gain tho support of the party press and steal away with tlieu 1 plunder, while tho people are lighting among themselves over issues that pro dead, and which ought to h « buried. * * * Tho farmers must organize in their own defenses. They must discard old loaders, and act in harmony for tone rofovm. They have tho power, mid should control tho Qovownnont and put down rings and monopolies.— Madison ( H'/ s.) Democrat. Tvna reaction has begun. California has taken tho first step to Miiauaipato herself from despotism. No State in the Union has boon so much controlled by moneyed corporations an she. The Central Pacific railway and the Bunk of California havo controlled the politics, finances mid material interests of the whole Paoittu const, anil sovoral inland States. Some of tho ufllcii- hnldorH, elected by tho people, havo bonn bribed and paid by those powerful corporations. But the people of California have broken tlio bonds of oppression, anil taken the first Htepsf which shiill lead to the control of powerful corporations. It is none too soon, Tlio railroad corporations of this country aro luwmming Biieh ilimensiptiH that no ordinay power can cope with thc'iu, Gov. Booth, of OaUt'ovuta, recently said that: it was not impossible that the whole railroad system of the country might yet be brought under the control of a single company. That of tlie 70,000 miles of rail way,' nearly » H is owned by hiHH than ton companies, and controlled by a hundred men » H directors. Those companies may be reduced to a ntill muallor number in this future, and them tyranny be more sovoro. It is time that the people arose in their might to combat thoHi> corporations. Himie power must bo found to stay UIC. HO companies iu their oiioroachinontH, or olmi the people of this country will havo to servo under a rule more tyrannical than that of the numarohicH of Kui'opn. No one will tinny that, railroads, ivro indisptmsahlo to tho country ; but there must A Ul'l'lIYHANI OP DIVOHCB!. (\ V^ aU* n\ YMU WVB ulvw Uw folUvwlng mmtfting pto-, ilih'tl. m in a cupy of njHitlllon for iltronui actually illcil of Inin tn Uio wlnldiil oily of Ohlongn'i] • ' J'o Iho li. mwnWo JmlnoB nf B » trt co- art, tn otimMry: HttlhiK, Tho jiiiliira wlio lo umU'linonlul rtllTornicc « do « BlU I Hm, , ' I l u n i l i l y r. iimplnlMH Mlmilu Uovollng, your orntrli, Ami nwiHiolfully rnprcioulii unto your lionnri Uio HIIOROI Into during Iho month otJimuiirjr, 1871. On Uio Blxlh iluy of tlmt lumitu of wllitor ihu Diot tnui lawfully wort OHO NlulioliiH, miriinimiil Uovulinpt. Al » Hl n Nick kenrovoil, » ml moro. glvon to grovol- Inu In vilo m. nlHy limn nllmillau to » Ipvlng wife, Whniu IH> Inn) in- uni tn love nni! oliariiin during ! lf » . HimiTu wtx woukH nf l i>'" i llf Uili in qillcli An tlio Ilimoi' of 1' lino stall In Urn iiiiinlli of Hupti'intii • nlnto court thu ftrut Munilny Intll- 1 luixl, anil then ami ' I'o mill Mil, nil niiil uliik'iihir Uio nllogailoiti cou- Inliuiil ilirri'hi, Ai fully u i i i l iiiHirllliinlly IIH If dlvudly lutoiTOuntiiil jiirrolii niialn. , . Your oi'iilrlx fnrlliiir in'nyn, upon hoarlng hereof, to lIlHM'llO An tmlM 1 , yinir Imnovn wllV lw plunsort, for « T » r " otlintl IIIM- fvoti , t.' i'Oiu Ihn lioiulHof matrimony; oiut fui'llior, for Iwr HUltO, Hui! h olhiM' onlurn HH yonr lionorii nan oqultauly Anil, un In il'uly liuuua ( u » all cumi rimary IIIWH of thn orjor 1' niiiioiiRiiging, nn gmiignn;, in uiiy politicml movdnpiit ,, h M . o " oonsnlm , a lU1 ^ ., y thoi. ooplo. or dtwiusmon. ' jlio f. uil, will bo m- , T| . wliioh ooulJ uJ. irt wli. lo i'" IV "' ^ Hiioh noHoim. Tho Btato of Oaliforuia ] m f ( ,„ | l(( f . c | 0 , ) t i, 1( f o fll- • A t( , mol , opolyi a'l. in work - -' * • • - • * • J 1) i> Homo roHti'iotion pluuuil ujiou thouun ditutol tho moil who ( ipiirat. o thorn. AH inattorB now Htand tho railway oomiiuuiuH cif thin unuiitry oau coinlilno mill iniliiiHi) itt onnu an unliinittul tux on tlio hruaA, tho non. 1, tho wi'iaring npjiarol, and noarly all tho ncwcHHiirioH nf Jifo, Hint granger* him) a right to not as they pleate, tlie ro. striotion upon them an a body IN obligatory. The circular will be Rimilur iu tune to the lotlurHrcomilly Hout to Bornn of the local Western HOoietioH by the Grand Mantor. Tina Atlanta ( Ga.) Jfr. rald says : " It is now certain that not Jess than 200 grangers will be represented in the convention of the State Grange, which meets in Macon on the iiOth of October, and wo can witoly nay that tho membership will not bo loss'than 20,000. Considering how ithort a time has elapsed HJnce the llrst grange waa orgiini/. uil in Georgia, the progress of tho society in this State must bo regarded IIH something remarkable. What is worthy of special record is the fact that the gangers aro composed of tho best vdiiof reform should not stop, but bo carried from California to Aiaine, and from the Lakes to tho Gulf, Tho people have paid tribute long enough to tlio moneyed corporation* o( this country. Let equal ami Hpordy jnsUno bo demanded.— (' i'iitral l/ ifiim Agr- ioutturM, ' J'lio Ilostoti A UoHton dispateh of the JDLh iilHt. nayo : The trouble butwonn tlioJtotitoii Ctningn und the iiatioiuil head of tho 1' atroiiH of MiiHbamlry exoitoH moro or IOHH oommont. Tho opinion IUIIOIIR many who Imvo • watohcd tho Hhort career of ( no lioHlitn ( Iriingo KooniH to bo that thorn JH no /( old for the operation of Hiioh a wiuinty in the oity, or oven in ouicil anil moat inlolligont of the agii- ' m) y part of Now Knglnnd, and that if eiiltural community, eiioli man wielding loft to it » olf it will qitifltly expire. Tho considerable itilluenoo, and tho Koc. ioty, prmngo haw V) oen in oxiiitenoe live or nix an a body, poBsowsing a power which wt , u ] iH, but it IIIIH as yot only about llfly can make itflclf both rcHpootcd and uicmbuvi* enrolled in ittt ranltH. It ID - arod." | thought that the broad rendering by tho JJoHtoii Grange of tho olaimo in tho , , , , . , , constitution of the order which Btatos A FMW railroad bubbles wore pricked t) mt rtny portion above lOyoarM of ago . toly. ; rho coiiBoqupnoo is wiilp- Hproad wllo if) ," n t er oBtod in farming pursuitH I'ltlt ami AN curly ( wring— Jumping out o at five o'clock iu the morning. MIHTAY iNtt'HMiioiwoH— All army does not always fly whim it, oxtondn its - wings. AM Alton ( 111.) woman recently threw a brink at a dog and hit hor husband, who stood lll't. y loot behind her. Win oneo know a boy- who said that ho liked a " good rainy day— too rainy to go to Holmol, and just rainy enough to go Hulling." TiinY tar tho lamp- posts and railings in Montgomery, Ala., in order to get rid ol the loafer's, believing that a tarry loafer will tarry no more, A NOTHin in M' 11 Olll ' s on " railroad in Pennsylvania informs tho public that " no gentleman will occupy more than one neat at a time, unions ho bo twins." A OKIITAIN editor, in speaking of tho miseries of Ireland, says, " Irelaiid'a cup of misery lias boon for ages overflowing, and seems to bo not. yet full." A TUXAS paper says that tho endeavors of Democratic politicians to induce colored men to vote lor thorn, reminded it o£ tho efforts of a rod- hoadod woodpecker to extract, worms from u copper lightning rod. AN unfortunate in Indianapolis who lost several toes by a oar wheel waa coiisolod by nu Irishman, noiiv by with, " Whist, there, you're making mora noise than mony a mau I've seen with his head off." " DID you hit him plump iu tho contor?" asked a dying Oinahu man of his son who had just oomo in from a desperate street light. " Yes," was tho reply, " Then I die happy," aud a calm grin'of pleasure froze upon his face. pare, Eat slowly, masticate your food well, and eat nothing three hours before reiring. Know thyself. Ignorance of tho laws of your being is tho cause of half your . rouble. Keep your nose clean, a stiff upper ip, and don't lot your shoes run down , t tho heel. DronoH must die. Exercise liberally and live, lie out doors all you can when the sun shines. Avoid Jute, hearty suppers, pork, spices and pepper, rich pastry and imperfectly cooked beans. Wheat, oat and barley meal, with t icans, peas, lean mettts, fish and wild game, are the best articles of food. Remember the Author of the lawn which govern tho human body is the Author of the Ten Commandments. Breathe , pure air. Taive with open windows, ( ind the windows of heaven will bo more likely to bo open to you. , Eat only three times daily, and never between meals— not dniit nor an apple. Drink'nothing Wiikj eating. , Avoid corsets, and suspend no article of clothing from, the waist. Protect every part of tho body from chill and exposure. Infidelity to tho laws — established that mankind « hould be healthy and hnppy— is the greatest sin of tho present generation. Let tho time spent at table be happy. Encourage pleasant, ckeerful conversation; joke, but do not argue. Best half Jioiir after every hearty meal. Study hygiene, attend hcnlth lectures and read health literature. As you are ignorant or intelligent in physiology will your habits be wise or otherwise. Be cheerful, trustful of others nnc faithful- to your own best, conception q 3aty. Never brood over trouble - that you have, and be sure that yciu neve: borrow any, • Brain, bone and muscle are built o different material, and the brain- workes should have food different from tin muscle- worker. He, is not thorough!, educated ' who cannot select loot adapted to his iieedd. • • Handsaw*. Handsaws in America and Euglauc have tho teeth pointed irom, the handle while in Asiatic countries and in Greed they are made 1 - with teeth 1 ' poirtad'th other way^ . The latter must WToperated by pulling them; the former by push ing. - Ih" dejic< ile wor, k, and • wherfctejfine. small saws are used, the Eastern saw is the ibcst. The Orientals. diffe from'us iii^ Hgt. tijjg. thip teeflb ipf^ tlte., « a r ' also.. . They turn a gronp of , n dozen on way, ' arid the next group the other; "^ K we alternate one * ou one side, the hex on the ether. Voice « I I lie Prim*. iiin and diHiiHter. Tho end I'M not yet cached ; wo aro but at tho beginning of 10 trial. Lot them all bo HiipproMHod; ot the knavcH who xtolo the public uidn for profpHHod railway IIHOB bo rought down.— lot them all break and bay broken. It will bo a godsend to 10 people when tho last land- grubber [ ttiiti class gooH into- banhrnptoy.— faLcan Comity ( f II.) AnU- MonopolM. I'KW people realiiso how hollow a liing a modern railroad in. In former may beeomo it member will breed some trouble in tho order throughout tho country, which will eventually culminate in one of thvoo wayu— in a groat accent- turn of strength from all interested in ittoohaniral puruuitR ; iu tho limiting of tho order to farmers, or iu tlio overthrow of the whole alTair. The friends of tho Boston Grange deolaro that if tho sueond of those results is accomplished there will spring up an order of the ill ii f£ i* iutjuv5i. il i IUIHHVH in » - in tv/ i Jiiui • P •• a •* t » r * o "* n •• s • o ••- f - I *. n ..- d ... u ... s .. t — r rofits for themselves as possible. They lavo but very littlu money at stake, and vlieu they havo farmed out all tho frunjhiscs, they will then hand over tho skeleton, to those whose money really milt the road, and who will find it very much like a. Backed orange.— Mvranttm Pa.) Times Tun news from tho country as to the action of tho independent movement in most Balinfactory. Tho farmers of Kansas aro earnest and united. They say , hey uieau a reform by independent poitical action, and they intend to carry t out. Honest Republicans havo for ; years past hoped thai; their party would correct the evils existing in it, but they liavo hud to hope in vain, and they have j> ccn compelled to withdraw from the party and tnko an independent position, an living principles, in order to put things in the right. The people have also abandoned the Democratic organization for all time. * * * Tho people know tho condition of things, and understand that the issue is monopolies and organized capital against tho labor interests of the country. These are now issues, and it requires new and independent action to be up to the times, // an'raicc ( A's.) tHandard. AGAIN we declare that either reform or revolution must come. The suffering iu the large cities in consequence of the finances of the country will prepare tho way for a workingman's rebellion against tho present money despotism that is starving them into resistance. There will bo destitution and starvation among tho poor, aud ruin among business men, till the very instinct of selfpreservation will drive tho oppressed classes into radical measures for relief. The farmers will, to some extent, feel the oppression ; but they cannot be starved or brought to actual want. They are comparatively independent. They are not the slaves, but only tho passive subject* of tho money gocl. * * Wo aro now compelled to suffer the evils that inevitably flow from a money power legislation, which protects capital aud robs labor.— 3lorrixtoi. cn (/ W.) fndc pendant. THE combination of . the Milwaukee and St. Paul and the Chicago and power by uniting with tho then dominant order. Tho Boston men assort that Mr. Adams, tho Grand Master, has never received more t him half a donou letters opposing their remaining in tlio order, on tho ground that thoy wore remotely connected with tho grainintoroHt, and that these wore written in answer to his own communications iu regard to tho feelings of practical farmers upon tho subject. Thoy announce their determination to remain in tho order, and, further than that, they propose to form new granges, believing thai, when their case comes before tho National Coinmi tteo for adjudication that body will recogni/ o tho value of so important an clement as that of tho Boston merchants, and will decide that their action was perfectly justifiable. A Snake Hug. Fancy the feelings of a Pennsylvania mother ( Warwick Township, Chester county, naar llopewcll Furnace) who observed that her child ( 4 mouths) was breathing with great difficulty in its cradle asleep. Inspection was the work of a moment, when it was discovered that " something like a cord " was round the child's body under its little nightgown. Something like a cord, indeed 1 It was a snake thirty inches long coiled tight around the frame of the cherub. In fact, the wicked old serpent was so comfortable that it was with a good deal of difficulty that ho was persuaded to uncoil; and when he did so instead of stopping ho bolted hastily into a hole. you havo some strawberries ?" asked a lady of hor guest. " Yes, madain, yes; I eat strawberries with enthusiasm." " Do toll? Well, wo haven't but cream and sugar for ' em this evening," said tho matter- of- fact hostess. A YOUTH of Salisbury, four years old, and his young sister, BOW a rat hasten into a hole in the barn floor. Said ho, " Sis, tho Bible says, ' Watch and pray.' You pray wliilo I watch the hole, and I'll spat him across the unoot when [ ho comes out." " FATIIKII, did you havo another wife bofritlo mother ' r " No, by boy ;_- what possessed you to ask such u question ?" " Bocausol naw, in tho old family Bible where you married Anno Domini, 1864 ; and tliut isn't mother, for her name is Sally Smith." M'l 1 . BrnuTiiNa ( Ky.) Sentinel: " Wo estimate that by tlio oollapno of tho Qraphin balloon enterprise wo are just live thousand dollars out of pocket. Wo had intended to drug the young man who, day and night for tho last six months, has boon singing and whistling ' Mollio Darling' under our window, and ship him off in that balloon. Now, we'll have to pay somebody five hundred dollars to lull him." \ On Housing the Sleepers. tho 17th of April, 1725, ' John Budge bequeathed twenty sshhiilllliiuugs a year to thopnrishof Trysail, Shropshire, to fee a poor rrtau to go about the church and keep the people awake. Less liberal, Kichard Dovey, of Farmcote, gave eight shillings to another parish for tho same purpose; while in Cheshire tho church warden performed this duly. As late as thirty years ago, a waud.' fbrked at one end, so as to catch the uapo of the neck, was employed; but, more gallantly, in another place, a fox's brush was ut one end for the ladies, while to tho men. the hard end was applied PERSIAN ladies call a European lady's dress " trowsfir* with on « Ji) g," The CiiHh Value of a Child. Some two years ago a little child two or three years old strayed on the track of tho Chicago and Book Island roil- . road, near Davenport, and was killed by a pasHiug train. The father brought a suit for damages against the company. Tho case him been in litigation ever since, and involves nn important prinoi- . pie of law. Tho claimant attempted to prove the probable duration of tho life of a child of that ugo from tho tables of life insurance actuaries. The court of original jurisdiction refused to admit testimony on that poiut. On au - appeal the Supremo Court granted a new trial on the ground that the prosecution had a right to make the showing denied by tho court below. The verdict on the first trial was for the probable loss to the father of the child's services during minority. Tho sum assessed was $ 750. Upon the second trial the jury took into account tho loss which tho estate of the child had suffered from death, this estate commencing nt 21 years and continuing for the probable duration of its life. Its services, or earnings, during minority, were not considered. This was in accordance with the ruling of the Supreme Court. The amount brought was $ 4,000. This makes the entire damage $ i, 750, that being tlie valuation put by an Iowa jury, from a strictly monetary point of view, upon a child two years of age, over uud above tho cost of support. Illinois statutory law places the value of a person killed by mil at $ 5,000 irrespective of age. Tho Iowa case has been appealed again, aud maybe brought before the Supreme Court ot" the United States. In that case wo shall have an answer from the highest authority in the country to the question, Can parents chuni damages for the services of a child that has met with violent death and also for the probable estate of the diseased in manhood ? The Supreme Court o. f Iowa answers in the affirmative, ^- Chicago Journal,

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