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Jones County Liberal (Newspaper) - March 13, 1873, Monticello, Iowa • T PEINTlNa OFFICE- MM Tint Street, ( Tonawlr CoBaunM ••!!,) VMM: Sir* DelUn • T « v, !• A4t NtW8 OF fHl WEEK. The tact. A committee of the Constitutional Commiaeion ot New York charged with th i duty of iuveetigatliigthe city, couutj- » ud to ira debts' in the StatPhave reported that tl see local debts reach the euormoiu mini of * 21 1,000,000, exclusive of the State debt proper. The New York Senate, by a vote of! 7 to IS, h* s refuned to. declare tho seat of BOBS Treed -, , • - > - , a ',,•,[, pn.-.' r'' ' Goinmltt* e on 3 - Female Suffri ge in the Masoachueettu House of Eepresental ves have reported iu favor of granting to w men the ' right to Tote and hold office. The first number of tho new illUHtr, ted daily paper, the graphic, wan issued in No' ' York on the 5th iiin'tl, antfa large edition waa Hold. It is believed the enterprise will prove i BUCCOBS. A brutal priza- flght at Collier's Station, W. Va., the other day, between the bruisers Hicken and Campbell, was broken up in a row, - aftet., M ro^ nda b* J be « K* WSht. S Several pistol- shots were fired, but unfortunately none of the brutes were hit by the flying bulls. At the annual meeting of the stoc kholders of the Union Pacific railroad, at Newport, the following Board of Directors was [ elected' : Horace Fl Clai*, ! John Duff, Angnstnii Schell, Oakes Ames, Sidney Dillon, C. 8. Bushnellj Elisha Atkins, Boyall E. Bobbins| Gordon Dexter, E. H; Baker, Joseph Biipardaon, George 8. Bowdoin, Frederick' Nickonon, aiid . O. 8. Chapman. • , , , . . . i . , , : , , • ' | A train oil the Pan Handle road ran off the track not far from Pittsburgh, a few days ago, and, a number. of passengers wore Birfouely injured. ] The Government Directors of the Union Pacinc'i'allroad, at a tneetiug in BoBtou, recent* ly, re- elected Horace F. Clark, President; John Duff, Vice President ; and E. Hi Bollins, Secretary and Treasurer. . 1 Gen. Fremont nays he has no knowledge of the fraudulent transactions with which reports from Paris have connected liia name. Judge Blatchford, of New York] has enjoined Credit Mobilier from parting ! with any of its property until the claims of the widow of James Fisk, Jr., to 20,000 shares; of stock are adjudicated upon. . j In the case of John Scauncll, indicted for murder iu New York, the jury were unable to agree— seven of them being in favor, of hanging, and five for acquittal on the ground of insanity. i New York advices represent that the various ' trades onions; of the city contemplate a general strike at an early day. 4 The Eight- Hour League claim to have $ 100,000 in the treasury, and say they have doubled their means since tbe struggle of last year. i Th » West. ' The Chicago; Alton ' and St. Louis railroad baa brought suit for ( 10,000 damages against some of the persons who detained its trains in the attempt te ride for the legal fare of three cents. ' Advices from Oregon report that there is a prospect of the peace negotiations ( with the Modoo Indians coming to a favorable' termination. . . j Capt. Oscar O. Pratt, a well- known journalist, recently committed suicide at Omaha. A train was thrown from the track by a broken rail, near Chelsea, Iowa, the other day, by . which three passengers were badly bruised. • A saloon- keeper at Ottawa, 111 , has been fined $ 10 and had his license revoked for . Helling liquor to . minors. A righteous judgment. I The Judge of the Cincinnati Police Court was cowhided, ' the other day, by thejwife of a gambler. ' The Peace Commission have at last succeeded hi having an interview with Capt. Jack, Shock- Nasty Jim, Scar- Faced Charlie, and others of the Modocs, who have made their country so hot for the white settlers, and the result has not proved satisfactory. The Indians having rejected the proffered terma, the commanding officer has expressed his determination to accept no terms but unconditional surrender. Gen. Cary H. Fry, Chief Paymaster of the Military Division of the Pacific, died at San Francisco recently. . , j A terrible encounter occurred in the notorious quarter of Chicago known as Bridgeport, last week, between two policemen arid six villainous roughs, which resulted in the killing of two of the latter, and the serious wounding of one of the policemen. '• The Newport and Cincinnati Bridge " Company has . brought suit for $ 557,000 damages against the United States. The ground of complaint - VOL. 1. MONTICELLO, 10 WlAf f fifURS § AY,% MGH 13,1873. NO. 25. rested the Speaker and Mviiml me nbers that body. In answer to a formal inq dry from Oov. MoEnery, Qen. Emory statei that tb seizure slid arrests were made wl boat hi knowledge or authority, and that I e has n opinion to express about them i bnt I h » t he i under Instructions from Waehingti n tode fend the Kellogg Oovernment from » ny violent interference. The arrested members were subsequently released, and tb* J Legislature assembled in St. James Hall. ! Tennessee has adopted the common schoo system. I Ex- Gov. W. W. Holden has been appointed Postmaster at Balelgh, N. C.. •-' , Gen. N. B. Forrest bu been elect A Pree'ident of tbe Memphis and Bebna railn ad. Affairs in New Orleans have sett] > d down into comparative quiet, and it is ai nounced that there is no apparent danger ol anothe outbreak. _ * A committee of tbe Baltimore co iterance after patiently investigating the ea » of Bev L. D. Huston, have unanimously reported in favor of preferring charges of inimoraltt. against him. At Salisbury, Md., recently, Geo ge Hall aged 18? 1inot- dead Amelia Shirkley, agedU is the action of Congress requiring a change in the construction of the bridge ' after the Government had approved the plans.; A widow named Nancy Lanxton and her adopted daughter, 12 years old, were found dead in bed in then: home at Mattoon, III., a few days ago, with their throats cntifrom ear to ear. A sou of the murdered woman wax arrested on suspicion of having committed the deed.' v y ,' '• ! - In Trntnbull county; 6hi6, the oth> r day, a party of young rowdies, who were eqgaged in the disreputable business of serenading an aged couple, just married, with tin pans, were treated to a shower of sulphuric acid by the irate bride. Half a dozen eyes were permanently extinguished, several suits of clothes ruined, and a number of hitherto good- looking. faces disfigured for life. t Mr. Colfax was accorded an enthusiastic recoptieu, byliispld friends of South Bend, who • turned put in large numbers to welcome him home. They cannot persuade themselves that he is not an innocent and much abused man. The Modoc war may be regarded as at an end. Capt. Jack sent word to ' Gen. Canby, the other day, that he accepted the terms of peace, under which the savages surrender themselves as prisoners of war and consent tp let the Government provide for their comfort iu future. To this end, the Modoc chieftain orders the Federal commander to meet bun with wagons, and to have tents erected for the accommodation of the tribe. The South. The election in Arkansas has resulted in the ratification of the constitutional amendment doing away with disfrauehisement. The political troubles in Louisiana have finally culminated iu bloodshed. The Mc- Enery militia, a few nights ago, attacked the Third Precinct Police Station, in New Orleans. They, commenced an . indiscriminate firing into the building, which waa returned by the police.. Gen. Badger, Chief or Pclice, with 200 Metropolitans and one piece of artillery, executed a flank movement bn the militia. He peppered them lively with grapeshot, scattering them in every direction. The oaaualties foot up one militiaman killed and twelve wounded, and one policeman slightly wounded. Subsequently the Federal troops came upon the scene of conflict, and • their presence had a magical effect in quelling the belligerents. The city is now in possession of the troops. Tbe book- keeper of the Southern Bank of Georgia, at Savannah, in a defaulter to the amount of $ 30,000. ' The defalcation in the New Orleans Postoffice figures up over 950,000. , Tbe New Orleans police made a raid, a few nifht* MO, on Odd- Fellows' Hall, the place of meeting of th » MeEnery Legislature, and arbecause she had failed to answer a letter hi had written to her, in which he ' ftold hi love." I Washington. j The Senate committee to investigate the charges against Pomeroy report that none o the charges of bribery have been sustained Senator Thurman dissents from the report. ; The inauguration ceremonies appear to hav y the- Bo ; hsohilds noticing in the same bills" a differen to in the color of , ihe ink n » ed. The reward o lered for the arrest of the swindlers has been ; ncreased Tho recent electibn in Qoebee, Can Ida, was attended by another disgraceful ri it. Tho roughs in tbe interest of the Governi tent candidate charged several election ] recincts, seized the polling ^ bopk « and tore ihemnp. The cavalry: charged the " mob, who made a • Ught resirtimce' and • Mattered, the troops striking all' in the way with the fla of their sabers, laying a few cheeks open. Th on Jay Oooke, McCnllooh A Co. ; $ 200,000 upon the BothBchilds, and a- large amount, figure* unknown^ upon the Barings. Gen. Fremont's alleged swindles by the sale of worthless bonds in Paris amount to W, doo, obo. ">''" '•' ' ^ " ' The Spanish Bepnblican troops have suffered a severe defeat at the hands of jthe Gullets near Gruu. . • "' I • The yellow fever is raging ( n Bio Janeiro and other parts of Brazil. ( t There are signs of trouble in Madrid, and street conflicts are apprehended. I President Thien i » seriously indisposed. A rumor comes from London that | the Marquis of Lome - and the Princess Lo » ise have separated because of incompatibility lot temper, that the Princess is in a religious retreat near Windsor,. and) that the Marquis has gone abroad. • • • : ".-' ' . ' « ' j The Carlists every day grow more formidable in their attempts to re- establish a throne in Spain. They are 1 now about to negotiate a loan on the credit of their successes. Thiers gives an illnstraton of the quality of his Republicanism by hastening to be the first to accord them belligerent rights in their assaults upon the distracted Spansh Republic The impression grows hi London that Don Carlos will succeed. Thiers is again on his legs. An accomplice and paramour of Warren, the wlucipal in the Bank of England forgeries, las been arrested by the London police. A large amount of money was found iu her room, which she disowned. The clerk of tho swindlers is also in custody, but neither has as yet made known any Important facts. ! The Duke of Edinburgh is engaged to a foreign princes. The reported separation of the Marquis of Lome and Princess Louise is discredited iu London. \ France, up to this time,: has paid Germany three and a half millions of francs on account of the war indemnity. Contradiction is given ta the report that the European powers will jointly break off diplomatic connection with Spam if a Federal liepublic is proclaimed. . The catastrophe at Smyrna, Greece, which was briefly announced some days ago, has been seldom surpassed in horror. Two hundred persons assembled to witness an acrobatic exlibition at a cafe built on piles over the sea, when the piling gave way and the building sank, carrying down all save a few who had the presence of mind to j » mp out of the windows, and . were picked up by boats. The reported successes of the Carlists in Spain have been greatly exaggerated. The Government is taking vigorous measures for heir suppression. About a dozen persons were recently killed, and a large number wounded, by the explosion of a cartridge factory hi the suburbs of Paris, France has officially given Germany, financial guarantees for the payment of her war indemnity, and negotiations are hi progress for tho complete evacuation of . French territory by he German troops'. The Pope declared, the other day, that reconciliation with . the Italian Government was mpossible, and that God would punish the ivaders of his dominions. The master printers throughout Germany have locked out all then- employes who are unionists. The cable again reports President Thiers seriously indisposed. Barcelona has declared im favor of the Federal Republic. Amadous has arrived at Turin, Italy. Ho as enthuslaetiially received by the people. Fire*. MABCH 3. — In Tesey street, New York ; loss, $ 200,000. . . . At Toledo, Ohio ; loss, $ 30,000. . . . Boston, Mass.; loss, $ 75,000.... Louisville, Cy. ; a shanty was burned, and three negro hildren, who had been locked in by their mother, were burned to cinders. MABOH 4.— In Williomsburg, N. Y. ; loss, f80, OOO.... Newaygo,- Mich. ; loss, $ 10,000.... ' ort Wayne, Iud. ; loss, $ 16,000.... Lagrange, nd. ; loss, $ 12,000 ...... Lucas, . Ohio; loss, $ 30,000. . , I MABOH 5.— At Lincoln, 111.; 12 buildings, including the offices of the Tri- Weekly and % at( « man newspapers, were destroyed ; loss leavy, and insurance light. . . . . Mason, Tenn. ; osa, $ 15,000. . . . Listowell, Canada ; loss, $ 10,000. > M/ BOH 6.— At Blossburg, Pa.; the business ortiou of the town was destroyed, involving a oss of $ 100,000.... Woburn Center, Mass.; oss, $ 100,000. MABOH 8.— At Cincinnati, Ohio; loss, $ 80,000. . . . Boston, Pa. ; Ion, $ 25,000. . . . Clyde, Ohio ; oss, $ 50,000 ..... Springvillle, Iowa; loss, > 9,000.... Champaign, 111.; loss, $ 20,000. ... outh Bond, Ind. ; loss, $ 10,000. FORTY- SECOND CONGRESS. MONDAY, March 3.— SENATE.— Tbe Deficiency 111 WM paned, the item of 1397,800 to pay interest ue the Ohickauw Indian! being stricken out.... The impeachment of Judge Delahay wa* reported o the Senate by the House committee. . . . The eonerence report* on the Sundry and the Po « t » l Apiropriation bull were concurred In ____ The commitee of conference on the bill tor tbe distribution of he Geneva award reported that they were unable o agree wltB the Bonn u to the clan of louea to pald, aad ai to warlninranoe premium. onn.— The conference committee 1 ! report on Sundry Appropriation bill, cutting down tbe Senate amendment! $ 3,800,000, WM agreed to. ... The request of the Benato for a conference committee n the igrignltural College land grant was refused. . . . The fcaiariM amendment to the legislative Aproprimtlon bill, as reported by the oonfereno concurred In by 108 ~ , d committee of til matter aa to bin be hail had u . 1, which bo hat prepared and would make public.... Tho Hou « r ( i ibe Forty- anoond Cougnm waa declared adjobnieH) tint < He. HRNATK— K1THA 8EHHIGN, THURSDAY, March 0.— The Senate assemble at noon, all the Senators being present. Jon « ( Nov.), Ferry ( Ot.), and Wadleigh ( N. H.) wfc ™ swor In and took their goats. Spenoor ( Als.) alba offered himself to be nworu in. Bayard objected, and long debate ensued, bnt no notion was reached I the matter.... Mortonoffered a resolution to th effect that Caldwell was not legally elected .8* nato from Kansas, which went over under tun rules. FRIDAY, March 7.— The Ilov. Mr. New man was re- elected Chaplain.... The senate, by vote of 94 to 33, refused to postpone l^ ifl oasei Spencer ( Ala.) Be was admitted suit • worHln.... Won presented tbe credentials of McMillan ( Ik.) Tho were ordered to lie upon the table and be printed .... An ineffectual attempt was made to ti ke up < h oam'ofOaldwell ( Kansas). ' SSSSSSSf^— Greeley, Raymond and Bennett. The Herald was, perhaps, mor* rigidly organised than either the Timcb or the mlttee, wai concu » s the salary of the ' erence cornto Mnsys. It President, JusUoes of the Supreme Court, Cabinet noers and Speaker, $ 10,000 esoh; Chief Justice, 10,600; • Senators and Bepresentatlves, 17,900 each, ucludlng members of the present Congress, the into be in lieu of all auowa'nce except for actual raveling expenses to the capital and return The Idmunos amendment relative totheneinc road*, Ireoting tbe withholding of pay for trausportaou of mails, etc., and Wilson's amendment directing suits to be brought against the Credit ICobitiywere agreed to.. .. Merrill's amendment siu- - - - • - - • • • Adored by t h e - - _ . . . - . J claimants was ricken out. TUESDAY, March 1.— SENATE.— Bills passed: o remove the political disabilities of B. M. t T. tanter; to extend the time for the restoration of le Ottawa and Chippewa lands to Michigan... . The ioe- Pnsldeut administered the ' oath of office to he new Vice- president, and at 19 o'clock m. tbe second session of the Senate of the Forty- second Congress waa declared adjonrnud.... Vioe- Presienf Wilson then called the Senate of the Fortybird Congress tp order, and several new memera wereswore to.... Senate adjourned toThun- Hocw.- Tbe Senate UU tp authorlae the Texas A ._. t —, T _. J » " Wjith respect to the news department, butia* tttMta editoria corps. Botli Mr.' Raymond and Mr Greeley permitted great freedom in their writers, and encouraged individuality o thought and opinion. The former, in deed, rarely interfered with his asso dates, suggested topics, or dictated a line of policy. Each editorial writer selected his own subject, treated it in his own way, in keeping, of course, witl the tone and character of tho paper; OIK Mr. Raymond, even when in town, rarel; saw the articles except in proof. This system had, undoubtedly, its disadvan tages ; slight variances of opinion weje sometimes detected in the paper, which of course, were laid to his charge ; ; bn this was balanced by obvious advantages Mr. Bennett pursued a very differen system. He established the daily conn oil of editors, which is still a feature in the management of the Herald. It is held at noon, and. every editor is- requira to bo present. The topics of the day are • fully discussed at these meetings, am each writer has his subject assigned to him, and its treatment prescribed. While the influence and views of other writers besides Mr. Greeley and Mr. Raymond were frequently apparent iu the Tribune and the Times, the Herald, under this system, always faithfully reflected the ideas and purposes of its founder and editor. Mr. Bennett kept the public at a distance. Few outsiders found access to his private room at the Herald office. Mr. Raymond and Mr. Greeley; on the contrary, rarely refused to see visitors in the editorinl sanctum. A gentleman once entered Mr. Raymond's , private office with the inquiry, " Are you ai leisure ?" " No, sir," was the courteous reply, as the quick pen was stayfed in its progress over the page, " but I am at your service.", F « r a fewyears previous to; his death, Mr. Greeley had a private room in the Tribune building, to which he could retreat when the pressure of visitors became too great even, for his patience ; but his old room was open to all, and he might be seen engrossed in work. If he heard a step on the floor he would ask, without looking up " What's wanted ?" and would generally keep on writing while the visitor statcc his errand, unless his attention j was arrested by something of importance. Both Mr, Greeley and Mr. Raymoiu could listen and write at the same time— a rare faculty even among, newspaper men. English In England. Tho London News says it is high time that Englishmen were taught tb speak and write English. The half <• of the population of the islands is about as unintelligible to the other half as if it were talking Welsh, * A, Yorkshire and a Devonshire peasant thrown into company would not understand each other as readily as an Irishman and a Highlander talking Gaelic to each other. Even among the people who are fairly educated, and who live in those large circles of population in which ' provincialisms are supposed to die out, the English' language is subjected to serious ill treatment. Half the country members of the House of Commons omit the final consonant in words ending with ing. Many of them talk of Indiaj-. The tricks played with the letter h, which are commonn in many circles, do not appear, as a rule, in Parliament, except where the rural representative has to pronounce such a word as " behind." It would be an ignominious thing if 30,000,000 of Japanese were to be found speaking better English than the English themselves. However, the Eastern nations havo an odd habit of imitation. Every one knows the story of the Chinese tailor who made a coat according to pattern by imitating all the rents iu it; and perhaps the Japanese will take the English language as it is, reproducing all the current faults of pronunciation. The Coal Trade. The census of 1870 shows that the number of collieries in the United States at that time was 1,566, of which 588 ( 227 anthracite and 361 bituminous) were in Pennsylvania; the number of engines employed in them was 1,173, of which 898 were in Pennsylvania; the number of men employed in them was 81,514, of whom 60,508 were in Pennsylvania; the number of boys employed was 10,940, of whom 9,364 were in Pennsylvania ; the capital invested was $ 110,008,029, of which 067,911,703 was in Pennsylvania; the amount of wages paid per annum was $ 44,316,491, of which $ 31,978,80.8 was paid in Pennsylvania ; the number of tons produced was 32,860,690, of which 23,448,793 was produced in Pennsylvania ; the value of the product was $ 730,524,992, of which the Pennsylvania product was $ 523,257,814. It is thus seen that the single State of Pennsylvania has a coal interest which is more than two- thirds of the entire coal interest in the country. Next to Pennsylvania comes Illinois, Ohio, Maryland, Missouri, West Virginia, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky and Tennessee, in the order in which they are named. IVOBY.— The various substances included under the term ivory, are the tusk of the elephant, the walrus, the narwhal and hippopotamus. To these we must add the fossil ivory, so often used in early carvings. This was obtained from Siberia, where the tusks of the mammoth are found along the banks of the large rivers. It is a curious fact that the huge tusks of ivory now procured would not finish pieces as large as those which were used in the middle ages. There is every probability that the agents softened the ivory, and could then enlarge the pieces. A fifteenth century recipe in the British Museum directs that the ivory should be placed in muriatic acid, and it will become as soft as wax. By being placed in white vinegar it hardens again. The Greeks used ivory to decorate their couches, and also shields and arms. Greek sculptor* did not think it beneath them to work in tfaoart. i ,, Iowa Shipping; Hornc* East. Iowa has quite recently engaged i • hipping to- Eastern niarkots draft ant carriage hones. -. Mr. Lewfe, of tlii unty, i lias in the past few . weeks shippw to'Massachusetts several car- loads o splendid horses— norno of thorn largo roadsters, weighing from thirteen to six teen hundred pounds, groat, sturdy, fine appearing follows, some of them, again trim und handsome buggy teams, r~ others, stylish and active roadsters. .. notice, too; that Mr. Swan, of - Indianola has been shipping a large lot of tin horses to New York city. This is Homo W n K - W w *° r . 1 ^' lyUnBtratos, ft vrwdly as anything lately coining to ou node*, the mpid agricultural advance mont of our State; It is something fo Massachusetts farmers to send . to low for th* jir draft horses, and som< itliiii, more for New York bankers to send t Iowa for their carriage teams. It show that Iowa is gradually coming to its balance, that presently'we shall have or rived at ouv . equilibrium. It was no long ago that we hod to neml to the Eas for all of our good horses. It does look cheering to see it otherwise now.; Thor is a great diffeintjnoe, in the matter of ex changes, between sending from Iowa tc the East two hundred dollars iu an Iowa raised horse and Bending the sain amount in money. All we want to dp i to keep this sort of improvement going Let us seek in every way to exchange produce instead of cash for all that- we have to buy in tho East. An0, whili doing this, let us also, ax quickly as pon sible, get into the sensible way of buy ing in Iowa,, in preference' to bnyini anywhere else, all and everything tha we flan; buy here. A hundred'millioi dollars, is a good deal of money for any community, to . have, for every State t< keepf within its own circulation— and ye every, year the heedless people of Iowa send more than that much money out o the State which might just as well be kept at home, and paid to homo ostab lishmerits. We mast leuvu wisdom from the Yankee. He known that every tinu a dollar changes hand in trade Bomebod' makes at least ten cents out of it. AI the dollars wo make in Iowa are lion earned ones: Then why, after wo liav earned them, $ 9 we not keep more o them at homo, changing hands amon our own people, passing nimbly Imc and forth between producer and nianu facturer, buyer and seller, merchant ant customer, each one making ten or twenty per cent, in the. transfer, instead of solid ing them off, as soon as made, for East ern people to sgrow rich upon ?— Dc » Afoines Jleyiater, School Law Changes. ; In compliance with the request of i subscriber ( says the Register), we giyi below in brief the changes na made in the school law Of this State by the new code : The cpiinty school tax may be increased by the Board of Supervisors to three mills ou the dollar— an increase of power to levy one- half mill. Hereto fore the tax Has been limited to $ 15 per pupil for teachers' fund; this lias been so amended that the directors are an thorizeil to levy a tax not exceeding $ 27l for teachers'fund, and $ 75foroontingeii fund for each sub- district. The con tingeut fund can hereafter bo used for the purchase of maps, charts, and the like, but no debt shall bo incurred " fo: the purchase of such articles. In sehoo districts over three hundred strong, th polls must be kept open from 9 a. m. to 4 p. m. ; in others, as the sovereigns may to suit their « wn honest purposes decide. All contracts for building school- houses' exceeding in cost, whet complete, in every way, $ 300, and all repairs exceeding that amount of cosi shall be let only after tho same have been advertised for four weeks in jonnty paper— a failure to thus advertise [ or proposals having the effect to vitiate all contracts made contrary to this statute. School orders will draw nol over ten per cent, interest— an increase of two per cent. Any civil township nay become an independent district by die majority vote of the electors thereof. Independent districts having a population of five hundred will elect six directors ; any district having a less popuiioii, three directors— tho President and Treasurer to be elected by the Board. A failure on the part of an independent district to annually. publish a full statement of receipts and expenditures upils are congregated. Physiology is tdued to the branches that must bo aught in common schools. The duties ind compensation of County Superiucndent remain as heretofore. Artesian Wells In Iowa. In an article in the Fan- field Ledger is fiven a list of the artesian wells in Iowa, namely: One at the Mount Pleasant Jnaue Asylum, 1,175 feet deep, now abanloned on account of impurity; • one at ? armington, 705 feet deep, out of which he water flows with considerable force; me at Keokuk, COO feet deep, sunk for irewery use, but the water of which, ound nuflt for that purpose, is now used or a public bath room ; one seven miles jetow Davenport, 803 feet deep, sunk to . btaiu cool and oil, " which were not ound." Fairfield will Boon vote on a tax or an artesian well for public supply. Kansas Compared to Iowa. Kansas in 1870 was computed to posess, at a true valuation, less than $ 189,- WO. OOO, and Iowa $ 717,000,000 worth of iroperty. Kansas had about $ 6,500,000 f debt, and Iowa $ 8,000,000. Kansas was taxed $ 2,750,000 per annum, and owa above $ 8,000,000. All this to 1,- 00,000 people in Iowa, and 365,000 in Kansas. There remain of the public lands in Iowa less than 1,000,000 acres, nrhile Kansas has 39,000,000.— Was/ ana, on Letter. Good Lot of Iowa fltock. L. P. Wilson, of Prairie City, Iowa, irrived at the stock yards, Tuesday afernopn, with 240 hogs of his own raising, whose average weight was 440 pounds.— Chicago Drover » Journal. State Items. GBUNDY COUNTY has 17 granges. JACOB RICH, of ' the Dubuque Times, is traveling in the South in search of health. THE Keokuk Gate City says that the bosom of Burlington is heaving. The Dubuque Times thinks it is a pity that a Keokuk editor should have to go so far from home to see a bosom heave. TBE State Board of Public Instruction have Adopted a rule requiring teachers in all case* to pats examination in physiology before certificates will be granted : and after next September the stud; will bo added to tho regular EnglisJ branches injall tho public schools of tin State. ' ARMSTiioNrt, n prominent law yor of Davenport, is about to remove tt New York, to accept the position o attorney for tho large mercantile house of H. B. Clallin £ Co. jpped 157,000 pounds o butter Ehst last fear. . A GKIIMAN college in projected a Mount Pleasant. TiiuiiK arc sovonty- flve students ii tho medical r department of the State University. A Tn- roN firm ships dressed poultr; direct to Liverpool. Mr. J. EiHujoit, who will reprcson! Iowa at the World's Exposition ai A r ionna, will sail from New York 01 • • Tun St. Joseph and Council" Bluffs railway has been mortgaged to Bostoi capitalists for $ 8,000,000, to pay off the floating dobt; provide now rolling stock and now grounds, etc. THE recent land decision of the Score tary of tho Interior, in favor of the Sioux City and St. Panl Railway Com pany, involves the title to 180,030 acres of land situated in O'Brien, Sioux am Qsoeola counties, THB Council Blurts Nonpareil calls attention to the disregard of the law against wantosi slaughter of the buflalos on the plains, and says that upward o: 100,000 buffalo hides have boon shippct from that city alone this winter. BFFOIIK election a young lady agreoc to kiss the editor of tho Volga Valley ( Iowa} Timett once a month for four years if Grant should, bo elected, Slio is keeping her word manfully, bnt ii growing thin, her appetite is poor, one unless the winner of the bet deodorizes Ins face and quite allowing tobacco, he will havo, to announce u funeral er « long,— Jfxvhange. - CKIIAII RAPIDS has one man of a hall million. reports that the springtide of emigration is already flowing West through that channel in considerable volume. TUB new code provides for the payment of county supervisors by salaries. In counties of 4,000 the pay is $ 400, am $ QO is added for every 1,000 inhabitants until tho salary is equal to $ 1,000. Wit made a statement a few days ago that tho $ 20,000 donation of Mr. Bone diet, of Cincinnati, was the largest so far made to any of tho educational insti tntionof this Stale. The Mount Pleas ant Journal corrects us by saying that " Bishop Simpson gave $ 25,000 to Cornell College, of this State, over fifteen years ago.'— State RcgMer. THB Dallas Gazette tells tho story that a'De Boto nportsmau actually killol ilvo hundred ana eighteen snow- birds a two shots. Any. man who will wanton]; kill as innocent things us snow- birds, 01 even ono snow- bii'd, must be lacking in the bast . feelings of conscious manliness. Dcr. in. To. UH contemplates a $ 30.000 opera honso, Iowa City one to cont $ 25,000. and Dos Moinos a similar institution ai an expense of $ 50,000. HAIIIHN COUNTY now boasts of having 152 school houses, and tho whole population is less than 20,000. TUMI Farmers' Agricultural Implement Manufacturing Company at Cedar Bapids has completed its organization, and will put up its factory building during the spring and summer. The capital stock is $ 100,000. THIS Council Bluffs Iron Works have more orders than they can fill. ' Hiss State Auditor estimates that the February tax collections will bo about MOO, 000. This will pay off all outstanding warrants, and leave a balance iu the State Treasury of $ 100,000. . Two girls, aged respectively 9 and 11 rears, light the street lamps at Dos tfoinoR. A NAimow- auAOE railway company ha een organized in Muscatine to build as been MiiBcatine a • pad from Muscatine to Minnesota State ine. THE State University, Iowa City, is laying a fine telescope and spectroscope manufactured in England, which is ex- > ected in a few months. The Temperance Movement In Massachusetts. By our friends abroad prohibition is viewed as an experiment. States West, South, ( ind beyond the ocean ask, " How does it work ? Is it a perfect success in Massachusetts?" The last question can be answered in dno word— no. It is not a perfect success. We hav* several hundreds of towns and cities, and they have shown every degree of result, from great success to failure. What then has been the result in the State as a whole? No answer is entitled to so much weight as that which comes officially from the representatives of the people. In a recent vote the House declared for the jrohibition of the beer traffic, as well aB Jie spirit traffic, by a vote of 145 to 72, ind the Senate by a Vote of 24 to 12. Their vote is their answer to the ques-. ion. As against license, prohibition has no pnger anything to fear. With us the icense is obsolete. It is nevertheless rue that much of the battle is yet to be ' ought. The traffic is not yet overhrown. The liquor question will enter largely into the issues of the next ilection. But license will not be named. * o such thing as a license flag will be ipisted. The whole effort of the traffic* will be to find some trick, device, or cover under which it can evade the law, > r embarrass its execution. Prohibition las yet much to fear from these indirect means, but nothing whatever from open, avowed opposition. Our friends abroad may rest assured that, although ide issues remain, the main question as o the policy of Massachusetts is irrevocably settled.— Boston JVcwa: BITES OF FBONTIEBSHBN.— lishop Vail, of Kansas, tells a little tale tiat forcibly illustrates the free- and- easy way of life of the frontiersman, and the pant ceremony with which his funeral arviees are conducted, " In one little Slave- yard where I happened to be walkng," said the Bishop, " there were wenty- seven graves, and my informant, vho discharged the office of undertaker, old me that the occupants of twenty- six E them were killed in affrays, or, as he ithily expressed it, died and were buried Mh their boots on." The twentyseventh grave was that of a child. Personal and fteneral. Two hundred and fifty miles of paving permeate Now York City. Ex- Gov. HOHATIO SftYtroun in travel ing in the Southern States. BAYAKP TAvr, on and his German wife will mako Germany their home. THB Golden Age calls Emilio Caste lor •• Wendell Phillips translated into Spanish." NOBTHRRN New England's snowfall this winter lias ' boon one hundred inohot on a level. Toil Soon estimates tho wealth o tho railroads which ho controls a $ 050,000,000. TRHHH arc now 20,000 men and 100, 000 horses and oxen employed in th lumber regions In Maine. - MANY old women in'New Hampshirt wear strings of beans around their nook to keep oft tho rheumatism, TH* revision of Alabama laws has boon trusted to a' Idfeslativo committee wholly composed of black men. SANTA ASHA isn't dead yot. Ho is going to visit Now York in the spring unless another rebellion occurs. GROROK W. GUILDS, who has made i colossal fortune out of the Philadolphii Aedger, is not yot 44 years o^ d. Win mourn for-( he fate of tho Amori can press since the mighty'Ben Butloi has expressed his contempt for it, PUKOTUATOW waa first used in literatim) in 1520. Before that tinvo words aiulsoutonoosworoputtogotliorlikothis. • Miw. AKNA PotntnoY, former wife o Brick" Pomeroy. of LaOrosso, has married Janjps H. Rood, of Fulton, HI . THB actual cost of a sowing machine is from $ 5 to $ 7, or, with table and al complete, from $ 10 to $ 80. ACretni the price is $ 00 to $ 115, tho difference being clear profit. , ; Minn EstniY FAITHFUI* says that she will loavd America on April 6, with great regret. Her asthma has boon BO severe in this country that her physicians or dor her immediate departure. " I AM a man that God made, not tho newspapers," roared the - irrepressible Ben Butler, on the floor of the House " It is supposed that God made the devil, too, retorts an irate newspaper man. A OOKT- AKY of Now York and Ponnsyl vania capitalists have purchased ton acres of land at McKinney's Station ten miles from Pittsburgh, Po., for tb purpose of establishing works for th manufacture of " tool by the Bessemer process. The company has u capital o $ 1,000,000. Amx. H. STKI- HHNS, just elected to the next Congress, first entered the House, a Whig, in 18411, and was con tinned in his, seat until 1859. Ho votec for thp Kansas- Nobraska aot* f 1854 and was thereafter classified as a Demo erat, which he now claims ts bo of the. Hti- aiglitost sort. Mr. Stephens is now 61 years old, and retains all his mcntii vigor. THE Utica / famldlwa made tho gratifying diHcovury that, " It is now unlawful for tobacco ohowurs to beg u • chow.' The United States internal revenue law allows no person or persons to soil or dispose of tobacco in any form, no matter how great tho bulk, without paying first a license of $ 5," Some men would insist upon bogging their tobftooo ovon if they had to pay $ 5 a chow. Tim Pennsylvania road is said to control 14,( MM) miles of railway, and above $ 500,000,000 of stock power, watered repeatedly, and still paying great dividends upon, the latest stock subdivision ; and still wheat in Iowa, Kansas and Nebraska ii depressed by'freight impositions, until tho farmer oiiunot find the boots and. shoes of his family in u whole landscape of grain. • THB latest proposed venture by the gentle sex, iu a business line, is tbe establishment of a life insurance company in New York. Quite u number of prom iuent and wealthy ladies recently held i, meeting to discuss the feasibility of the venture. Only females will be insured in thin company, if started, and its office, and nearly all of its general work, will bo done by female employes. Land Grant* to Railroads., The first land- grant railroad bill was introduced by Stephen A. Douglas, in ; ho United States Senate, Jan. 3. 1850. Mr. Shields, of Illinois, reported it book with amendments, six weeks afterward. [ t comprised in its provisions not only ; he Illinois Central railroad, but the Mobile and Ohio, and therefore provided fora road from Chicago to Mobile. [ t finally became a law. Sept. 20, 1850, in tho term of Millard Fillmore. In this grant was contained 2,595,053 acres, or about 26,000 good sizeable farms— the whole granted to the Illinois branch. Of that grant, the Illinois Central Bailroad Company advertise at the present ime as still for sale, 630,000 acres, at Tom $ 7 to $ 10 on acre. Therefore, between $ 3,000,000 and $ 4,000,000 worth of land, annually increasing in value, rcnains to the road, and leases several lundrcd more. The total sale of land will realize above $ 30,000,000, and the net revenue is over $ 3,000,000 per an num. The Thirty- second Congress, in 1851-' 2, endowed Missouri and Arkansas with railway lauds; the Thirty- third Contress, in 1853-' 4,' helped Minnesota he same way; and, in the Thirtyourtli Congress nine railways were endowed in the Northwest alone, and twelve in the South. Most of the Southern grants were arrested by the war, bnt he four railways of Ohio, the three of Michigan, and the two of Wisconsin were made rich by the acts of 1856. owa received 3,456,000 acres; Michigan, 3,096,000, and Wisconsin, 1,633,000. The total number, of acres embraced n all the railway grants, past and incomplete, is now betweu 175,000,000 and 00,000,000. Missouri has not 1,000 sizeable farms left in it of the Governland; Hlinios is not recorded in he land report as possessing any more mblio hinds; and Iowa has left only bout 1,000,000 acres. AN excitable person named Mr. Frank ' ixleyhas been delivering a lecture in > an Francisco, and calling upon the lev. Drs. Stone and Stebbin, Bishops Alemany and Kip, Mayor Alvord, and lis Excellency Gov. Booth to go down o the wharves, torch in hand, and burn any ship which brings women from Jliina. He would also have these eminently respectable persons " hang to the ard- arm every ship's officer and comnander and stockholder who hires and ends his service to tbe, damnable traf- Ic." All this in Pacific Hall, and in a ecture delivered for the benefit of a hnroh union. e Jonw (? mtnt5 JOB PRINTING Of •? « •• DmrliM* Excuted with NeatntM Oil • ATlSfAOTIOM Bono or THK ran AMD PM> W. BT WIMJAM » OM WiLUC*. " Let tKare hi / itf » f /"~, how sublime At olioo blMk spim TM ( lowing t And on the vut wings of jrouiuTlmo Hood rwipliKl worMl WCM fflag. « W m it h n Qo. 1' 8 * o * w U n * I m "* » * g « * b cu " m " lu * g " , Tint win th « niMtar tnsd « f torn Wrth For mora Untu fruitless drasralug. 0 » <*, ttw FmmUiii of the Wh « T^ Himself i Worker, lightened^ Wort's need mil good upon MUD'S lout, * rirt still' Onfctlori brighten*). . Work of the body, work of mind, * No Olio IUM empire solely ; So Pen und Plow, together shrined, : Work on In nwrrlsge holy. And Mini M we sing, the Pan and Flow ; • Ruled Earth mrnrat our story: The P » " t WM our § , onn Is UM Now, A » fl Future with mow florr. There mint be 4ns Far mlndV full strength uiu spleBdor M. Urlsl Bine, sna It Is nursed, Grown, reiped, with no mirrnidM, Br Agrloultnre, not rude, blind, Bui jfllh ex] ierlenoe glunt. ' - And for now wronlhn lt « brow to bind, On imw- grupod IfMtlis reliant, . Thus grow mid grown the NitUm* wealth , llynwn'i pkyitfyiM demanded, • And mental, mural strength and health With It mrlde triple handed. With every day uow triumphs won, . 0, light for eyei unpernal, nAi,— Othello. • A Neman of a peal— Lightning. A VEIIY dry tup— This tap of the ilium, QuKiiY— Doos u dumb man always keep his word? Tint best literary work is done in the morning. VKBTKD interest— Money in the waistcoat picket. , MACHO mirror— A beautiful fnoo lit up with HiniloH. OUGHT a strong boy to bu paid n wfcKty salary ? How MUCH oloth is required tu make a spirit- wrapper 1 . WHBN IB water moot liable to escape ? When it in only half tide. PUNCH had found a man too lazy to labor under an impression. THIS is the affecting epitaph on a doceuBed Book bland Captain's tombstone: ." He's done a- catohing ood, and gone to meet his Good." . Tins question agitates Lawrence, Kan- Has : " Should u young mull leave his music lesson to split wood " when his mother is at homo in perfect health ?" " You ought to lay, up something for a rainy day, nuitl nil anxious- father to his profligate sou. " And HO I have," replied the youth. " What ?" " An umbrella." A ODNTUIKAN advertises in an Eastern paper for " a boy to open oysters about fifteen yearn old." No matter what the salary, wo decline. Oet some boy with a strong stomach. A TO& BDO girl broke 6ft" an engagement because her lover wore cheap paper collars, and yet at the same time ( the story may not lie true) she was wearing garters torn from an old pillow- slip. A \ OUNO man hunting turkeys at Kalamazop thought he saw one in the grass, but the Coroner's jury decided that it was the head of'the farmer who owned the premises, and was taking ajftkp/ A DAI& Y paper lately informed its readers that " an additional number of policemen are to be placed in the most jxposed parts of the, town, to prevent the robberies which happened last winter." THE late eccentric Methodist preacher, Peter Oartwright, described the sort of religion that comes and goes in flashes, iud which his. experience brought him nto contact with a good deal more than 16 liked, as " lightning- bug" religion. PA, what is the interest of a kiss ?" asked sweet sixteen of her sire. " Why. really, I don't know. Why do you ask ? ' Because John, my cousin, borrowed a liss hist night from me, and said he'd lay me back some of these nights, with interest." AN old gentleman of 84 having taken 10 the altar a young damsel of 16, the clergyman said to him : " You will find the font at the other end of the church." What do I want with the font ?" asked the old gentleman. " I beg. your pardon," said the clerical wit, " I thought • ou had brought the child to be christened." THB young man with presence of mind resides in Detroit. Just as he was lifting his hat to a couple of . young ladies on Woodward avenue, a boy ran a sled against his legs - and the fashionable young man turned half a doeen pigeonrings and oame down on all fours. Peking up his hat without so much as a frown, he remarked to the ladies : " I am always subject to these dizzy spells in winter/; The Vienna Exposition. The World's Exhibition at Vienna > romises not only to be, a great expo sition, but to be attended ; te: a great number of kings and priaiMK The Mnoe of Wales, who is President of the Snglish Commission, will be prevent at he opening, as will the Shah of PersuL' Fhe Emperor William of Germany will visit the exhibition towards the latter part of May, in company with Alexander of Russia: The King of Italy is preparing to spend some time there, and it s said the rulers of the States in the North of Africa will be present In rder to be near the Exposition buildng, and to be ready to do the honors of tost, the Emperor Francis Joseph has erected a fine pavilion near the grand enranoe. Several German Princes have Jso erected villas nejur by. The Sultan uus built a magnificent building, to be occupied by himself and his rather numerous family, and has sent from Contantinople the fountain of Mohammed! to bejplaced in the grounds surrounding t. The Viceroy of Egypt, not to be, outdone by his superior, is aUo building a splendid edifice, which, it is said, he wifl convert into a mosque at the erne of the exhibition, for the benefit of the « ople of his faith who reride in Vienna, t is believed by many- that this collection of mien will result in nnportant measures of a politieal okataetor.
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