Monday, January 17, 1966

Mason City Globe Gazette

Location: Mason City, Iowa

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Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 17, 1966, Mason City, Iowa The newspaper that makes all North lowans neighbors HOME EDITION 10c a One MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JANUARY 17 1946 AtMclated Preu Full LMM Wirti VOL 105 No 290 Short truce ordered Photofax IT WONT HURT MUCH Four children of Mr and Mrs Porter Dimery of Des Moines are all eyes as they prepare for immunization shots in a neighborhood program conducted Sunday against such diseases as pqlio smallpox whooping cough measles diphtheria and tetanus They are lower left and right Pennie Jo 6 and Gail 7 and upper left and right Porter Jr 11 and Ronnell 10 Challenge voting act WASHINGTON UP The federal government clashed with a big segment of the South Monday as debate over the constitutionality of the 1965 Voting Rights Act opened before the Supreme Court David W Robinson II Carolina rose to launch the eighthour debate over the law Nearly a quarter of a million Negroes have registered to vote in the seven Southern stales touched by the act since it be came law Five of those states joined South Carolina in its attack on the law as an inappropriate and unfair use of federal power to enforce the 15th Amendment lo the Constitution forbidding de nial of voting rights because of race or color special counsel for South Third trial on smoke cancer link Rule on rights issues Court bans segregation WASHINGTON AP Far reaching issues of civil rights dominated the proceedings of Ihe Supreme Court Monday as it returned after a holiday re cess 1 It barred racial segregation in a Macon Ga park which was willed in 1911 for Ihe use of whites only The high tribu nal in a 63 decision found that the city was entwined in the parks operations and there fore segregation would be un constitutional 2 It heard oral arguments in which the federal government was aligned against six south ern states in a dispute over the constitutionality of the 1965 vot ing righls act The Dixie states contend the act with its provi sions for federal registrars is unconstitutional 3 11 decided lo hear argu ments later on what court should have jurisdiction over 29 civil rights demonstrators ar rested in Greenwood Miss on various charges including blocking the sidewalk The ac cused want the cases trans ferred from City Police Court to Federal District Court The City of Greenwood opposes the trans fer In the Macon park case Jus tice William 0 Douglas spoke for the court majority He said that if a municipality despite appointment of private trustees remains entwined in the man agement or control of thepark il remains subject to the re straints of the 14th amendment WASHINGTON h e Su preme Court refused Monday to review an order for a third trial in the case of a carpenter who said he contracted lung cancer At issue is whether the federal from smoking cigarettes and government has the constitu tional authority to abolish liter acy and other voter lion tests which had been re quired by some states Arguing alongside South Caro lina were to be legal officers from Alabama Louisiana Mis sissippi Georgia and Virginia North Carolina also affected by the Voting Rights Acl is not taking part Ally Gen Nicholas Katzen bach who celebrates his 44th birthday Monday was to defend the legality of the fivemonth old law in his first Supreme Court argument since he be came the governments top le gal officer last year Lawyers from New Jersey and Massachusetts the latter representing 18 Northern and Western states were to sup port the government The high court has allotted eight hours for hearing the case which South Carolina brought directly in the Supreme Court instead of going through the sought damages from Liggett Myers Tobacco Co This means that the third trial will be held The US Philadelphia Circuit ordered Court in the third Their buddy is dying South Korean marines pull a dying comrade from a muddy rice paddy seeking to get him to safety and out of range of Viet Cong fire in area about 11 miles south of Tuy Hoa South Viet Ilibtafax Nam the marines with Vietnamese forces were conducting a search and destroy operation Jan 8 to rout out the Viet Cong from their strongholds trial on the ground instructions given lo the jury in the second Irial were inadequate and con fusing Liggell M y e r s ap pealed asking lower federal courts Arguments are expected to continue at least throigh Tuesday David W Robinson II special consel for South Carolina was expected to contend that the Voting Rights Act is not an ap propriate means of enforcing the 15th Amendment which bars discrimination against voters and gives Congress the power to enact appropriate enforcement legislation The six states also contend that the act makes a finding of past discrimination with no ju dicial proceedings and that its application by a mathematical formula to a handful of states Alaska Arizona and the seven in the South invidiously sets them apart from other states In order to escape from juris diction of the act under which federal voter registrars can he dispatched to counties where half the eligible voters are not registered or did not vote last to the supreme court reversal of t h e lower tribunal The firm was held not liable for damages in the sec ond trial Otto E Pitchard the carpen ter lost in the first trial on a directed verdict of acquittal for Liggett Myers However the circuit court ruled the case should have gonevto a jury and the second trial was ordered Pritchard who resided in Pittsburgh Pa died March 2 1963 His damage suit was continued by his widow Anita as administrator of his estate He testified in the first trial in 1960 stating lung cancer de veloped after he smoked 20 to 30 cigarettes a day for 30 years The appeal by Liggett My crs said Pritchards death did not result from cancer and no vestige of cancer was found in him at his death The Circuit Courts opinion in which a third trial was or dered said there was ample of the federal constitution Counsel for the National As sociation for the Advancement of Colored People argued before the high court that the park is so much a part of the commu nity life that exclusion of Ne gores would violate the equal protection clause of the Consti tutions 14th Amendment In a dissenting opinion Jus tice John M Harlan objected that the decision opens the door to reversal of basic consti utional concepts Carried out iogically he said it could jeop ardize the existence of denom inational schools Potentially he college entrance said every rejection lel 14th France ends boycott of market ter could become Amendment question Justice Hugo Blacks dissent ing opinion questioned the Su preme Courts authority to rule in the case LUXEMBOURG France ended Monday a sixmonth boycott of the European Com mon Market The other five member gov ernments all had their eyes on President Charles de Gaulles foreign minister Maurice Couve de Murville wondering what price he would set to restore full French cooperation Couve de Murville was one of the first speakers on the pro gram of a twoday meeting of the foreign ministers Monday He was expected to make two major demands 1 A firm agreement to allow each of the member nations to hold their veto over major Com monMarket decisions This veto has existed all along but il had been due to disappear Jan 1 1066 2 A curb on the powersof chairman Walter Hallstein and his nineman Common Market Commission De Gaulle feels Hallslein is acling loo much as if he were the president of a United States of Europe The French proposal was like ly to meet stiff opposition The other five countries say they are determined not to modify the Rome Treaty the Common Markets constitution for a vague French promise lo admil Brilain The five believe that France which blackballed Britain Ihree years ago will press hard lo keep ils veto before turning the vague promise into a concrete invitation for Britain to join Under the eightyearold Rome Treaty the unanimity rule was lo give way lo a quali fied majority vote starling last Jan 1 France was expected to ask for al leasl a postponement of Ihe shift until the ques tion is decided Observers say thai Britain shares Frances fear that the loss of each nations veto could permit the Common Market lo expand inlo a superstale with power lo inlerfere wilh a na tions sovereignly French Foreign Minister Couve de Murville was expcclcd to argue thai no member nalion could do without a veto over future decisions on commercial policy toward nonmembers as well as in such fields as trans porl and tariffs He was also expeclcd lo put forward President Charles dc Gaulles claim that the Common Markets nineman Executive Commission has abused ils rights by proposing greater power for itself At Frances request the Ex ecutive Commission was barred from the session and the meel ing is being held here instead of in Brussels headquarters of the Common Market Will holt firing for 78 hours Mark holiday in Viet Nam SAIGON South Viet Nam AP The commander of US forces in Viet Nrm Gen Wil liam C Westmoreland Monday ordered all American troops to cease firing for 78 hours start ing at noon Thursday in observ ance of the Vietnamese lunar New Year holiday Tct Westmorelands order second ed the decision of the South Vietnamese government to halt fighting during the national cel ebration Similar instructions went to South Korean Austra lian and New Zealand troops fighting alongside the Vietnam ese and Americans The truce more thandoubles tho 30hour ceasefire observed by Allied forces during the Christmas holiday But it falls 18 hours short of the Tet truce proclaimed by the Viet Cong They have promised not to at tack from 11 pm Wednesday to 11 pm Sunday a total of four days Westmoreland ordered a ceasefire from noon Thursday to G pm Sunday It was as sumed the Allies agreed on dif erent hours to avoid giving the mpression they were simply reacting to the Communist pro posal Westmorelands order said All US forces in the republic will not fire at or on the enemy except in self defense There was no sign in the Sai gon sector of any letup in fighting before the holiday al though elsewhere in the country military activities continued at a slow pace In a lightning stroke a Viet Cong company attacked a gov ernment infantry and armor school at Thu Due 10 miles north of Saigon at l am While one part of the guerrilla force fired two mortar shells as a di version another hit part of the compound with automatic weap ons GOP sets own State of Union must prove to a that il does not is expecled lo conlend lhal slale laws selling volcr qualifications must bow to statules imple Ihc 15th Amend year a slale federal courl discriminate Katzcnbach evidence in the record from which Ihe jury could have found as it did lhal Ihe smok ing of Chesterfields was a cause of the lung cancer which was diagnosed and removed in 1953 Waterloo man in Senate try WATERLOO AP Ernest J Secmann Waterloo business man and a frequent political candidate announced Monday federal mcnlalion of mcnl tie will try for Ihe Democratic nomination for US scnalor WASHINGTON AP Sen Mike Mansfield DMont said Monday Ihe Senale will spend only a limited lime on Ihe cori Iroversial union shop and legis lative reapportionment issues Republicans who will deliver their own State of the Union message Monday night are set to filibuster against a House passed bill which would wipe out the TaftHartlcy Acts 14B provi sion under which states can ban the union shop Senate Republican Leader Ev erett M Dirksen of Illinois who will give his partys views on Viet Nam and olher foreign pol icy issues in a lelevision broad cast Monday night is pushing for action on a proposed consti tutional amendment lo permi slale volers lo decide whelhei one house of their legislature should be apporlioned olher than on a oneman onevote basis jcfore Ihe end of February lansfield said he hoped so House GOP Leader Gerald R ord of Michigan will join Dirk en in Monday nights Rcpubli an response to President John ons Stale of Ihe Union mes age Radio and television networks carry Ihe taped 30minute MrksenFord reply which has been billed as a highlevel and realistic look at the slale of the union The two leaders are expectec o call for close scrutiny anc perhaps cutbacks in domesli spending A lipoff Secmann whohas run under both party banners and has even formed his own factions said he will try for the Democratic nomination in n move lo defeat Mansfield has scheduled de bate on the union shop bill nex week He said the reapportion mcnt measure would follow it Asked if he expected a fina Republican Sen Jack R MillerIdecision on Ihe two measure lo Ihe Republican gunsorbutler position wa given by Ford in the curren issue of the Republican congres sional committees weckl newsleller lr we are going lo hall infla lion and prevent lax increase and give our men in Viel Nan what Ihey need lo win and sli meet even legitimate domesti needs Ford said Congress going to have to cut deeply inl the administrations socallc Great Society budget Inside The Globe Editorials 4 Society news 678 Sports 1112 North Iowa news 13 Latest markets 14 Mason City news 1415 Comics 16 Clear Lake news 19 Commies grab civilian official Seek court aid to halt school strike TULSA Okla AP Public school allorncys were prepared o seek a district court rcstrain ng order strike by Monday lo nonleaching halt a person nel which gave Ihe citys 77000 pupils and 2500 teachers an un scheduled holiday A strike by maintenance and custodial workers and bus driv ers became effective at 11 pm Sunday after members of Team sters Union Local 523 voted 228 40 to stop working unless the school board recognizes the un ion as their bargaining agent Spokesmen for the schoo board which conicnds il canno bargain wilh a union on person nel mailers indicalcd Ihe citys 96 schools would remain closet for Ihe duration of Ihe strike SAIGON Viet Nam AP lie Viet Cong kidnaped an American civilian official Monday oulside the village of Trung Lap about 25 miles north of Saigon and marched him into the ungle his hands in the air The missing man is Douglas Ramsey 28 Boulder City Nev He is Ihe assistanl province represcnlalivc of the US mission for the area His driver a South Vietnamese came back and told American authorities they were traveling northeasl from Cu Chi when they came under Viet Cong gunfire The driver said he slopped He added lhal Ramsey got out and raised his hands in a surrender gesture Several guerrillas marched him away The driver was wounded slightly in the first ambush fire ul was able lo navigale on fool Trung Lap is in Ihe middle CO an Vi Ct m govern men WASHINGTON AP Senale and House investigators arc pressing for legislation this session to give citizens more protection against big governments snooping and a bigger opening lo kibilz on Uncle Sam Neilher measure was asked by Presidcnl Johnson and one freedom of information bill has drawn strong opposition from the administration In the Senate Sen Edward V Long DMo said his Judiciary subcommittee will resume ils invesligation inlo la ci in re of ei in Cl re H re m cc 01 Weather outlook Partly cloudy and continued cold Monday night with snow flurries lows 5 below to 1C below Tuesday partly cloudy and warmer with snow flurries highs seclor where US forces conducted their biggest search and destroy operation of the Vietnamese war Operation has just been ter minaled lapping by government agcn es within 30 days Long said he hopes Ihe hear ings will lead lo legislation to rcslrict government agenls use of what he calls an armory of eieclronic snooping devices Meanwhile Ihe freedom of information bill aimed at cracking Ihe privacy of the bu reaucy is hanging fire in the House The legislalion urged by rep resentatives of the nations news media Would give any citizen a courtenforced access to rec ords of official aclions The guerrillas pierced the barbed wire of the officers can didate school and raked the bil lels killing five wives and Ihree children of Vietnamese officer candidates in their beds Three other children were wounded Armored troops fought back and killed 10 of the Viet Cong a government spokesman said These bodies were left behind but the fleeing Viet Cong were seen to be carrying other dead or woundd One Viet Cong was caplured Twentysix civilians were killed and four were wounded when a busload of civilians hit a Viet Cong mine on the road from Moc Hoa to Cai Lay near Kien Tuong 35 miles south of thecapital Northwest of Saigon a Viet Cong attack on a US troop con voy backfired Supporled by planes roaring in over the tree tops Ihe Americans lurned the bilter fight 20 miles norlhwest of Saigon into a drubbing for the guerrillas The Communists healed up the ebbing liday US sweep on the edge of their Iron Triangle by spraying the convey wilh automatic weapons as it rolled to Trung Lap carrying the 2nd Battalion of the US 1st Infan try Divisions 28lh Regiment back to brigade headquarters The infanlrymen shot back as Ihe vehicles slowly rolled on toward their destination Over head Ihe planes pinpoinled their fire al the Communisl positions The barrage came within 150 feet of Ihe convoy When Ihe fighting quieted down after hours a US VIET MAM Please Turn to Page SAME DATEW5M