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Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 4, 1965, Mason City, Iowa B 5 2 s a m m e r I V1 ong stronghold f Second raid in three days on the Do Xa area SAlfinM Smith XT h South w e of Chan Son village in Nam Monday huddle for safety during Photofax assault by Vietnamese forces and US Marines on Viet Cong guerrillas in the area SAIGON South Viet Nam bombers Wednes day made their secqnd raid in three days on the mountains Do Xa area 350 miles northeast of Saigon a US spokesman an nounced The spokesman said a num ber of theStrategic Air Com mandjets from Guam made the strike on a suspected Viet Cong base in Quang Tin Province It was the eighth B52 raid of the Viet Nam conflict to be an nounced The Viet Cong has long con trolled the Do Xa a mist shrouded area of jungled moun tains in the central highlands Thirty B52s from Guam hit the area on Monday Bombing sta rted year ago Big dangers seem nearer By WILLIAM L RYAN AP Special Correspondent The new phase of the Vic Nam War was a year old Wed nesday Just a year ago on Aug 4 the United States for the first time bombed targetsin North Vie Nam and began what the Penta gon would call an escalation process What has been the result thus far Big dangers seem nearer the frustrations even greater The path to solution appears as agonizingly elusive as it was before Red North Viet Nam tested the US paper tiger and found it iiad sharp teeth A year ago the United Spates had 16300 troops in South Viet Nam technically advisers Now there are 80000 there many in active combat The conflict in President Johnsons words has become a real war Tliis actually is the anniver Siiry of US retaliation against North Vietnamese mainland bases after Communist torpedo boats attacked US warships in the TonkinGulf That began the gradual process by which the United States became deeply committed to war on the Asian mainland The United States began regu lar air attacks on North Viet namese targets Feb 7 in an avowed effort to convince the Communists they could not win and to persuade them to go to a conference table The year of the new phase has frayed world nerves Rec China exploded its way into the latomic weapons club The So viet Union lost its rambunctiou leader Nikita S Khrushchev South Viet Nams generals turned on their strongman Lt Gen Nguyen Khanh and evict ed him The elusive Viet Cong changed tactics and tempo On the ground troops of the 101st Airborne Division came under Viet Cong fire for the first time early today only six days after about 3700 of the para troopers landed at Cam Ranh Bay 180 miles northeast of Sai gon A US spokesman said guer rillas harassed men of the divi sion with small arms fire but American casualties were very light The paratroopers set up de fensive positions around the harbor to provide security for Army engineers constructing a base there The Viet Cong inflicted mod erate to heavy casualties on government forces in three oth er scattered actions a military spokesman said He gave this report An estimated battalion of guerrillas ambusheda regional force orf a roadclearing mission near Tay Ninh 40 milesnorth west of Saigon A relief force dispatched to the scene did not make contact with the Viet Cong Another Viet Cong group hit the district town of Thoi Binh in Ati Xuyen Province 145 miles southwest of the capital Six Viet Cong were killed and left behind as the defenders fought off the attack with the help of artillery t Twelve civilians were killed and regional forces losses were in ariotherX communist attack against TarnBinh out post 100 miles southwest of the capital Communications were lost with the outpost but later reestablished after the Viet Cong broke contact Ten Viet Cong were reported killed Communist mortar and small arms attacks on several posts around Saigon were reported during the night but casualties were described as light Military authorities an nounced that the US manpow er buildup inViet Nam had reached approximately 80000 as of July 29 This included 39000 Army 25300 Marines 11200 Air Force 4400 Navy and 100 Coast Guard The newspaper that makes all North lowans neighbors Home Edition VOL 105 MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY AUGUST 4 1965 ClOc a Papor Consists of Four SectionsSection One MSoclateU frem Full Wirest NO 150 more war funds Remap slated Informed opinion has specu lated that Peking masterminded the events which led to the turn in the Viet Nam crisis that Rec prodded Hanoi into the torpedo boat attacks IE Red China had a hand in the test of the US paper ti ger it could have been regard ed as just as much achallenge to Moscow and Khrushchev as it was to the United States In decd it may have been a factor inKhrushchevs fall two months later Soviet reaction was slow Moscow seemed to do the mini mum in support of Hanoi ob viously too little to avert Pe kings caustic attacks on the modern deviants of the Krem lin But Red China was doing more talking than actingIt had turned violent verbal abuse on the United States and Moscow It cried that the Americans had gone over the brink of war and incurred a debt of blood which must be paid It was reported strengthening garri sons on the Vietnamese border and souping up the training of its 30 million or so militia But still it did nothing directly Red Chinas big contribution throughout theyear was to block efforts at negotiations and to accuse the Soviet Union of cooperating with the US im perialists in a peace talks swin WASHINGTON A Senate showdown was ex ected Wednesday on Sen Everett M Dirksens mov to bypass the Supreme Courts oneman onevote re apportionment decision Dirksen the Senate Republi says the out come is very iffy Af stake is a proposed const tutional amendmentof whic Dirksen iis chief sppnsorr I would permit geography an political subdivisions as well a population to be taken into ac count in apportioning one hous of a state legislature if the peo pie approved in a referendum The proposed is aimed overriding the Supreme Courts 1964 ruling that both houses o state legislatures must be ap portioned on the basis of popula call for set at 610 DBS MOINES As result of a stepped up selective service draft 610 lowans will be inducted into the Army in Sep tember Col Glenn Bowles Iowa director of the service said Wednesday Bowles said only 380 lowans had been scheduled to be in ducted in September prior to the stepup in the program The colonel said he expects an increase to 650 to 660 men to be inducted in October Only 190 lowans were in ducted into the Army in June 285 in July and 300 in August Bowles said that about 2000 youths who were examined by the induction center medical ex aminers under President John sons antipoverty program now will have to be reexamined He explained that the military service wants only those men who meet Army requirements and not all those who passed the anti poverty program medical examinations Widow King George VI has 65th birthday LONDON AP Her Majes y Elizabeth Angela Marguerite lady of the garter lady of the histle and the Queen Mum to millions of Britons was 65 Wednesday The widow of King George VI ivas spending her birthday va cationing at her castle of Mey on the wild and windy northern ip of Scotland An informant said there would be a small birthday cake iresents a glass or two of champagne telephone calls and elegrams from her family and riends and visits from some of ler neighbors tion With a twothirds majority required for approval oppo nents thought they had enough votes to defeat Dirksens meas ure But they left the way open tofilibuster against it if neces sary Vice President Hubert H Humphrey figured in an ex change over the question wheth er President Johnsons adminis tration was taking a hand reapportionment struggle Dirksen said he had asked Johnson at a White House con ference about 10 days ago why he President was interfering in the reapportionment matter The President said he hadnt interfered that he had promised me he wouldnt and that he hadnt Dirksen told a news man So I asked him what Humphrey was doing He said he didnt know anything about it until he read it in the paper I said Well call him up then and give him hell and tell him o stop Dirksen said he didnt know if the call had been made but that lately Humphrey hadnt been around the Senate much and he wasnt in the cloakrooms either Humphrey was in Miami Tuesday to speak to the Nation al Urban League An aide to Humphrey said he knew of no such call from John son but it could have been made without his knowledge He said Humphrey hadnt been active recently in the reap portionment matter because he believed there were sufficient votes to defeat the Dirksen pro posal increase Asks of billion WASHINGTON Johnson administration disclosed plans Wednesday to increase the nations fighting forces by 340000 and asked for billion in additional emergency defense funds Both steps are primarily because of the Viet Nam situationHowever the increased manpower does not mean the prospective dis patch of that many addi DOWNTOWN swept through six sixstory warehouses in a twoblock area of downtown St Louis Wednesday causing damages Pliotofax estimated by the mayor at millions of dollars See story on Page 2 In troubled South Galls for committee to solve racial problems AMERICUS Ga ights pickets turned out at su ermarkets in Americus again Vednesday as County Atty Varren Fortson called for a iracial committee to smooth ut racial troubles Eight pickets turned up at a upermarket where other pick ts were arrested two days ago more appeared before an ther supermarket Fortson called for creation of he biracial committee Tuesday fter a grand jury indicted two regroes on murder charges in he slaying of a white man The ounty attorney has been crit cized for his moderate racial jews and a petiiion calling for is ouster has been circulated A Negro leader threatened Tuesday to bring in reinforce ments he called white folk straighteners Earlier the Sumter County grand jury 22 white men and a Negro returned murder in dictments against Negroes Ed die Will Lamar and Charles Lee Hopkins both 21 They charged with slay ing Andrew Whatiey 21 a week ago as he stood at a service sta tion three blocks from a civil rights demonstration If convicted the Negroes could receive the death penalty No trial date was set but the next term of Superior Court is in November Pickets formed a short time later at the courthouse as the county commission met Twenty three other pickets arrested Monday at a grocery store were released when store offi cials dropped trespass charges City officials say demonstra tions must end before they wil call an interracial group togeth er and Negroes demand such a meeting as a prerequisite to halting demonstrations ACCIDENT VICTIM KINGSTON England AP The Dowager Marchioness ol Linlithgow 78 widow of one oi the last viceroys of India died Tuesday of injuries suffered in an automobile accident Political feud renewed by Texas Demos EL PASO Tex AP Dem ocrat Ralph W Yarborough lev eled sharp criticism at Demo crat Gov John B Connally and the governor replied in kind Tuesday Their blunt exchange signaled renewal of a Texas political feud that could put President Johnson in the middle particu larly if the two run for the same office in the next election as some expect Addressing the Texas AFL CIO convention Here Yar borough said Connally vetoed a Farmers Union plan for an anti poverty project in southwest Texas which promised to be one of the finest in the nation The senator also said the La bor Department holds such projects should pay a wage unless the com munity could present persuasive evidence that a lower wage was justified He added Many Texas communities want to pay this minimum wage The governor has done everything he can get away withto frustrate their wishes Yarborough is sponsoring a measure before Congress to cancel the veto power of state governors over poverty pro grams Connally who has said re peatedly the wage istoo high for antipoverty projects in Texas told a news jconference Austin he vetoed the Farm ers Union project because the organization has a political pur pose I would have done the same thing if it had been the Farm Bureau he said The governor also told news men he had not reached a deci sion on his political future He saidmany letter writers asked him to run for aythird term as governor while others wanted him to seek the Senate seat now held by John Tower Taylor reports to LBJ Far from discouraged WASHINGTON AP Maxwell D Taylor made a fi nal report to President Johnson Wednesday on Viet Nam and said he is far from discouraged But he said he doesnt knov whether the buildup to 12500C U S troops inthat Communis beleagured country will be enough Taylor has had just a little more than a years service as ambassador to Viet Nam a post for which Johnson drafted him Asked how things look today in comparison with a year ago Taylor said there has been some deterioration and there have been some gains The future he said is cer tainly far more hopeful than it was a year ago But Taylor was making no Photofax KISS FOR GENERALS WIFE President Johnson kisses the wife of his retiring aide Maj Gen Chester V Clifton Tuesday at the White House The oc casion was the presentation of a distinguished service medal to Clifton predictions as to how or when the war will be won or ended The retiring Ambassador spent the better part of two hours with Johnson in the Pres idents office making what he called his terminal report Claims balance of payments only temporary WASHINGTON AP retary of Commerce John T Connor has cautioned that the recent improvement in the na tions balance of payments de ficit may be only temporary He told a Senate banking sub committee Tuesday that several factors could offset the improve ment North Weather outlook Partly cloudy and warmer with scattered showers and thunderstorms over 30 per cent of the area Wednesday night and Thursday Lows Wednesday night in low Ms Highs Thursday in mid to up per 80s Editorials 4 Society rwws 1011 North Iowa news JS Comics 31 Clear Lake news 3733 Sports Latest markets Mason City news Classified pages 4243 tional men to VietNam President Johnson asked Con gress for the billion to in crease our military strength in Viet Nam Secretary of Defense Robert S McNamara outlined the pro posed manpower buildup in tes timony to a closed SenateAp propriations subcommitteehear ing McNamara told the senators that the Communist Viet Cong now hold the initiative in Viet Nam He predicted that South Viet Nam with the aid of additional US fighting forces will win in the long hard pull ahead Both the President and his de fense secretary asked blanket authority for spending the neir 517 billion emergency funds McNamara made it clear that much larger detailed require ments will be waiting for the new session of Congress in Jan uary The 340000 increase in the irmed forces proposed by Mc Namara would lift them to 2 80000 men by the end of next une 30 Johnson listed the additional 17 billion as an emergency und Southeast Asia Under the request the money vould be made available to the ecretary of defense upon de ermination by the President lat suchaction is necessary n connection with military ac vities in Southeast Asia Except for the amount the equest wasa duplicate of million emergency fund asked y the President onMay 7 and ushed through Congress in two ays Even before the formal tr uest arrived there were indica ons some senators favor a still arger total I think the Congress wants to e certain they have enough money Sen Leverett Salton tall of Massachusetts the sen T Republican member of the 2nate Armed Services and Ap ropriations Committees said n an interview Viet Nam meanwhile occupied ficial Washington on several ther fronts Roving Ambassador W verell Harrlman who returned VIETNAM Please Torn to Page 2 SAME
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