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Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 29, 1965, Mason City, Iowa I WASHINGTON AP The Defense Department probably will ask Congress to boost the regular military forces by 300 000 men or more in a gradual buildup through heavier draft calls and recruitment of volun teers Sources disclosed this Thurs day as it became clear Presi dent Johnson had chosen a rela tively slow course of grinding gradual buildup of 300000 men for the long haul in Viet Nam rather than a quick buildup us ing reservists and National Guardsmen A boost of 300000 regulars would swell US military strength to about three million men Much of the increase would be applied to the Army sources said Among other things the Army will get one more division prob ably mechanized infantry to raise its division total to 17 More independent infantry bri gades also are planned An Army division totals about 15 000 men a brigade about 4000 Johnsons move increasing the US military commitment in Viet Nam by 50000 men to a total of 125000 falls short of expectations But it is consid ered likely further US rein forcements possibly as many as 50000 more may flow to the war zone by the end of the year strengthening of forces in Viet Nam is well below what would be heeded to bring about a 101 or even an 81 margin of superiority over the Communist guerrillas infesting the country Some experts say such a ratio is essential To reach a margin of 10 to 1 or 8 to 1 another 650000 to 900 000 Americans would have to be poured into Viet Nam to rein force the 550000 South Vietnam ese troops and the Americans already there or due to arrive under current plans The buildup in South Viet Nam is beginning to drain the strategic reserve of regular Army divisions based in the United Stales for use around the world Johnson faced two alterna tives for rebuilding this strate gic reserve either by a com bination of the heavier draft and stimulated enlistments or by callups of thousands of reserv ists and National Guardsmen US officials said Johnson decided against calling reserv ists and guardsmen to the colors because he and his advisers concluded such action was not necessary at this time Plans for calling reservists are on the shelf but the possi bility they may be ordered up later remains When intensive planning for a possible muster began several weeks ago the armed services put in tentative shopping lists totaling more than 220000 guardsmen and reservists Pentagon authorities that enlistments in all the serv ices will increase under the spur of sharplyincreased draft calls The draft will rocket to 35000 inductions a month starting probably with the October call BUILDUP Turn to 2 Photofax MARS PHOTO NationalAeronauticsand Space Administration released this photograph of Mars Thursday Information was that it was made from 7800 miles Area covered 170 miles east to west 150 miles north to south Photot x MARINER IV picture was taken at slant range of 8400 miles Area covered is 180 miles east to west 180 miles north to south Viewed with data block at left north is at top Bright area was described as in southeastern Zephyria near Mare Sirenum The newspaper that makes all North lowans neighbor s Home Edition VOL 105 MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JULY 29 1965 UOo a Paper Consists of Two Ono Auociatod Preu Full No 145 React to US buildup Photofax VIEW was taken from a slant range of 7600 miles Area covered is 170 miles east to west 140 miles north to south The bright area was described as northwestern Phaethontis See story on Page Craters feature of Mars surface Married men could be drafted If draft calls were doubled for Iowa during the next eight or 10 months we might have to call married men Col Glenn R Bowles Iowa director of selective service told the Globe Gazette Thursday Most Iowa draft boards now are calling unmarried 21year olds Col Bowles said but some are calling from the 20yearolc group Tht state director refused to discuss numbers explaining tha the numbers change literally from day to day Each day some men reach the overage mark of 26 years and some be come 19 the eligible group Fears that 18yearolds migh be called soon are groundless the director said He explainec that they are in the last ol six classifications which may be called The six groups in the order of priority he listed a follows 1 Single men who are de linquent 2 Volunteers 3 Single men in age group 19 to 25 inclusive This is th group now being called 4 Married men 19 throug 25 with the oldest being calle first 5 Those of 26 or older wit1 the youngest being called first 6 Those years old but no yet 19 The number of men availabl for draft countyby county varie greatly but Col Bowles release an approximate figure for Cerr Gordo County There are ap proximately 40 men in the grou which is subject to call im mediately under present rules They are at least 19 years old single and not yet 26 The Cerro Gordo County Sele tive Service Board sent six me to Des Moines July 5 for indue tion into the Army Bowles said Iowas Septembe draft quota already received The Globes Iowa Line The exeluilre loni distance telephone wire used i rather Information or ihlx article WASHINGTON AP Latest pictures of Mars disclosed that the planet may be pockmarked by up to 10000 craters and that it appears to be more like the moon than the earth in its sur face features This was disclosed Thursday by space agency scientists in a report to the White House The report covered findings on 18 previously unpublished photo graphs taken by Mariner 4 on its epochal voyage to the planet The scientist who made the main report said that the find ings will profoundly affect sci entific views about the origin of the soiar systems and specifi cally may shed new light on the history the earth Weather outlook Partly cloudy and warmer Thursday night and Friday chance of a few northeastern border Thursday night in upper 50s Highs Friday in mid upper Ms Russ Taking colossal risk TUB ASSOCIATED PRESS y World leaders Thursday expressed mixed reaction to President Johnsons decision to send 50000 addi ional troops now and more later into Viet Nam South Viet Nams Premier Nguyen Cao Ky hailed he increase of US forces in Viet Nam as evidence of the US determination to fight against the Commu and of its desire to meet present requirements SHADES OF DAYS GONE a scene typical of World Wars I and II troopers of the First Brigade of the US 101st Air Borne Division look to shore at pier in Cam Ranh Bay in South PJiolofax Viet Nam following their arrival Thursday Troop ers debarked via gangplank for deployment at un disclosed destination Heroes of Normandy land in SViet Nam SAIGON South Viet Nam AP Paratroopers of the 101st Airborne Division succes sors to the World War II heroes of Normandy and Bastogne came to the war in South Viet Nam Thursday As 3700 men of the lOlsts First Brigade began landing at Cam Ranh Bay 180 miles north east of Saigon a US spokes man said giant B52 jet bombers of the US Strategic Air Com mand dumped 500 tons of bombs on suspected Viet Cong positions 35 miles southeast of Saigon After the B52 raid the sixth in South Viet Nam by the Okina wabased bombers several thousand paratroopers of the Governors to White House for briefing Dr William Leighton of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory Pas adena Calif said the latest re eased pictures of the red planet reveal 70 craters ranging in di ameter from 3 to 75 miles He said that if the rest of the planet is like the area photographed July 14 by Mariner during a period of 25 minutes there must ie more than 10000 craters on Mars compared to a mere handful on the earth Leighton said evidence from the photographs neither dem onstrates nor precludes the pos sibility of the existence of life on Mars But the fact that the photos indicate Mars never had any oceans or significant quantities of water makes the prospect of finding life there less promis said scientist took the View that if life does exist on Mars in some primitive form per haps bacterial or plant life be the best per haps the only place in the solar system for preserving primitive is 300 men compared with only 94 in September 1964 He said he did not know whether the September and October quotas will be increased Col Bowles said Iowas draft calls have been steadily in creasing in recent months Bowles said the increase up to this time was not due to the situation in Viet Nam but to a decrease in reenlistments in the Army MINNEAPOLIS Minn AP shortened the wind up business sessions of their 57th annual conference Thurs day to climb aboard President Johnsons jet plane and fly to Washington for a White House riefing on Viet Nam The Presidents announce ment Wednesday that the num jer of US fighting men in Southeast Asia will rise quickly Tom 75000 to 125000 men with a doubling of monthly drafl calls overshadowed all else al the governors conference Among choosing their new tasks was chairman to ondJtii ions Response of youth good NEW YORK AP Some draftage youths were reluctant but other responded favorably Thursday to President sons call for a doubling of the draft We have been pushed around and we have taken too much from the Communists one of them said Some opposition to the mili tary buildup in Viet Nam was evident in a nationwide Asso survey succeed Democratic Gov Granl Sawyer of Nevada This in it self seemed likely to reflect the predominant bipartisan sup port expressed by the confer ence for Johnsons Viet Nam policy Inside The Globe Clear Lake news 34 Society news i Sports Editorials Mason City news 12 Latest markets Comics Classified pages 14 North Jowa news The conference nominating ommittee had before it a Re ublican recommendation for le selection of Govs John A Love of Colorado or Mark O Hatfield of Oregon as chairman Hatfield and GOP Gov George Romney of Michigan the only state executive vho voted against a motion by Democratic Gov Carl E San lers of Georgia to put the con erence on record as endorsin he position of the President an n support of the principles h enunciated in his news confer ence on Viet Nam Democrats who could vote the Republicans 3317 fa vored GOP Gov John H Ree of Maine for the chairmanship t is alternated yearly betwee Republican and Democrat members Democratic Edmund G Brown of Californi said however that Gov Jon Connally of Texas chairman the Democratic caucus ha 3rd Airborne Brigade began ombing the hilly area By late oday one Viet Cong had been illed another captured and lere were no US casualties ic spokesman reported The paratroopers who landed t Cam Ranh Bay were greeted y the man who commanded leir division when it dropped nto Normandy to spearhead the nvasion of France Ambassador iaxwell D Taylor It was one of Taylors last fficial acts in Viet Nam He eaves Saigon Friday to be re laced by Henry Cabot Lodge Among the arrivals was Tay ors son Thomas an intelli ence officer with the brigade The landing came less than 24 lours after President Johnson announced US forces in Viet would be increased from 7 00 to 125000 men But a US spokesman said the bri gade was part of a sixbattalion ncrease in US forces that had seen programmed some weeks ago He said it was not part of the buildup the President an nounced Wednesday The paratroopers came from Oakland Calif aboard the troop transport Gen Le Roy L Eltinge The brigade command er Col James Timothy of New Sunken wall to surround West Berlin BERLIN AP Refuge soldiers say East Germanys Communist regime is planning a sunken wall around West Ber lin that will be less noticeable and more effective Such a barrier is already tak ing shape along one section We have no official confir mation of the plan said Capt Heinz Hackbarth of the West Berlin police during a tour of the border Wednesday But according to information we have received from refugee East German soldiers the Com munist regime plans to encircle West Berlin completely with its modern border by 1970 The idea is to remove all barbed wire and the present wall from around West Berlin Pointing to a section of the modern border already built along the Zehlendorf frontier Hackbarth said They will put up an ordinary fence where the barbed or winning the war In a radio address the pre mier emphasized that the Amer can troops were being dispatch ed to meet an emergency sit uation and would leave Viet Nam when the war ended Ky also called for the unifica tion of South and North Viet Nani to meet any plot of Red Chinas to engulf our country Moscow radio said Johnson is taking a colossal risk in an nouncing such a considerable in crease in the armed forces in South Viet Nam At the same and perhaps the wall LT CMDR 5PARTZ wire wire now stand In the middle of a cleared strip 500 yards wide they will dig a broad trench and inside It on the side toward West Berlin will be a cement wall nine feet high and almost vertical No vehicle including a tank will be able to get up that wall and no one will be able to climb it without help time his statement buries forever the myth of the USAs alleged devotion to peace and it exposes the USA before the entire world as the most un bridled aggressor The escalation of the war of which Johnson spoke is a very dangerous thing the Soviet radio said Like any arms drive and accumulation of mili tary potential it can easily reach a critical point beyond which it will not be possible to control events Former Osage man rescued after collision Cmdr John D Spartz formerly of Osage is one of three men rescued after a midair collision over the Pa The Navy light attack said two bombers twinjet collided Orleans La would deploy said his men initially around Cam Ranh Bay to provide secu rity for 2500 US Army engi neers who are building a port and airstrip The paratroopers will rein force 1080 men of the Armys 1st Division who arrived July 12 On the battlefield an cstimat Tuesday night while trying to rcndezous to refuel in the air The Navy has called off a search for the missing flier Lt Alex Malikoff Only his parachute and survival gear was found The three rescued airmen Spartz Lt Cmdr George D Ball and Lt jg Frank Wagner were treated for minor injuries aboard the USS Kitty Hawk 70 miles southwest of San Diego passed the word to let the 192 Viet Cong guerrillas were publicans want have anyone they With bids from five states the conference may postpone for a later executive committee deci sion the choice of next years meeting place Louisiana Ohio Arkansas Florida nia arc bidding and Califor reported killed in a big govern ment operation launched Wednesday in the Mekong Delta 100 miles southwest of Saigon A US spokesman said the Viet Cong toll had not been con firmed by body count but US advisers at the scene concurred in the estimate V Houston would not approve of fashion ASPEN Colo AP Model appearing at a fashion shov followed the traditional pattern of approaching the hostess giving their names arid com menting on their outfits Thi went on in orderly manner unti a boy appeared clad in Alpine style short leather pants with leather suspenders After givin his name the boy blurted out i a Texas drawl I wouldnt be caught dead i this in Cmdr Spartz is the son of Irs Bertha Spartz of Osage lis wife is the former Ruth andel daughter of Mrs John Fandel of Rock Falls With their even children they visited their mothers in Osage and Rock alls from July 2 to July 11 Cmdr Spartr is stationed at Beach Va He was on maneuvers with the fleet in the acific when the accident oc curred His family is at home n Virginia Cmdr Spartz is a graduate of Loras College Dubuque lie vas graduated from the U S Naval Officer Candidate School n Newport R I in September 1953 He served with the heavy attack training unit at the U S Naval Air Station Norfolk Va Reaction elsewhere to the presidents announcement was mixed Neutral sources at the 17na tion disarmament conference ia Geneva said it caused disap pointment Japanese foreign officeof ficials said the Presidents state ment indicated the United States has not diverted from its policy of seeking peace They wel comed Johnsons call for new UN efforts to bring peace Philippine Foreign Secretary Mauro Mendez said he was elated at seeing that the United States is not giving up in Viet Nam But he expressed hope that Johnsons request for fur ther UN efforts would lead to a UN peace force for Viet Nam North Vietnamese Defense Minister Vo Nguyen Giap the and Md later at Patuxent River victorious Com munist com mander in the Vietnamese war against the French said the Viet Cong will win the war in South Viet Nam but the North Vietna mese Army must be prepared for American invasion of North Viet Nam itself In an article in North Viet namese magazine Hoc Tap Giap wrote that the United States has now lost the war in the South and might in desperation attempt an invasion of the North If the US imperialists reck lessly extend their war to tha whole of our country he said the war of resistance of our people will meet with more dif ficulties and hardships but in the end we will certainly be vic torious and the US imperialists will meet with ignominous fail ure Postmasters would work S days a week WASHINGTON AP Post masters In towns and cities will lava a fiveday 40hour work week if Pmident Johnson a bill before him The Senate finished sional action on the measure Wtgipsday
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