Get 1 more page view just for clicking
to like us on Facebook
Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 16, 1965, Mason City, Iowa V 1 newspaper that makes all North logons MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY JULY U WS This Section PtMl Full 1M on Mars Atmospihere height low PASADENA Calif Mars atmosphere is onlyone or two percentos dense as earths scientists said Friday Experts made the announce ment as Mariner 4 whose dra matic first closeup of the red planets surface was iinade pub lic Thursday night was inthe process of relaying to earth the third in an expected sequence pi 20 or 21 pictures IBK The first shot showed a re markably earthlike desert area but gaveno hint of an answer to whether the planet could har bor life Scientists reporting at a news conference on Mariner 4s at mospheric experiment dio signals indicated that the air at Mars surface corresponds to atmosphere at alti tudes between 93000 and 102000 thin The measurement of atmosr phere only one or two per cent as dense as earths contrasted with estimates that the figure would range between l and 10 per cent Dr AJ Kliore of the Jet Pro pulsion Laboratory said the measurements made as the spacecraft skimmed Mars sur face Wednesday night indicate the height of Mars atmosphere is something less than the eight miles it had been assumed to be He gave no exact figure Mars atmosphere Is believed to be largely nitrogen with vir tually no oxygen and only trac es of water vapor Dr Von Eshleman of Stan ford University said the experi ment showed Mars ionospher a layerofelectrified lower and thicker than expect ed Dr William J Pickering di rector of the laboratory said the ionosphereatmosphere stud ies are very cause descent of spacecraft for a landing depends on such in formation As the atmosphere gets thin ner Dr Pickering said the problem of landing on the sur face of a planet gets more diffi cult He said the US manned spacecraft series has shown how to land through atmos phere and we are now work ing on landing the survey space craft on the moon with no at mosphere at all Mars lies in between said Dr Pickering How the land ing will be made depends on what the pressure is The poorly defined picture snapped as Mariner 4 flew with in 10500 miles of Mars Wednes day was released Thursday night while the US spacecraft was relaying its second picture across 134 million miles of space Almost half the picture showed only the darkvoid of space with but a small portion of the edge of Mars visible in the streaked and smudged frame The portion of the planet out lined in the picture snapped at an extreme angle at the start of a north to south run is appar ently a bright desert with an even brighter area in the cen ter Bordering the desertlike area are smudges which could be lowlying hills darker colored soil or possibly even vegetation Scientists said the picture streaked with lines representing improper radio signals was not clear enough to warrant specu lation about the cause of differ ences in shadings Earlier Thursday scientists headed by Dr James Van Alien of the University of Iowa re ported instruments on Mari ner 4 had failed to detect a magnetic field around Mars or a concentration of solar radiation trapped by that field This was good news for men designing future Mars landing craft they probably wont have to include heavy shielding against radiation This also meant scientists said that Mars internal struc ture apparently differs from earths Earth has a magnetic field containing a belt of deadly radi ation against which deepspace travelers may have to be pro tected The field is believed gen erated by the sloshing ofa hot metal core as the earth rotates The lack of a magnetic field indicates Mars has no such core FIRST PICTURE This picture is the first of Mars made Mariner 4 arid transmitted back to earth Viewed with the darkness of space at the top of the picture the view is toward the North Pole which is out ofview horizon The general areain view is slightly above the equator and shows the region known as the Elysium The length of the limb edge of Mars in thisphoto is approximately200 miles Mariner took the picture from analtitudeof about 10500 miles After Moscow talk Nations keep outlooks WASHINGTON The United States Friday described Thursdays USSoviet Moscow conference on Viet Nam and other problems as of interest but denied that it brought any change in the position of either country The statement was issued it was learned because adminis tration officials feared world wide speculation about the con ference was overemphasizing the possibilities of Vietnamese peace talks The US ambassadoratlarge W Averell Harriman had said that his long meeting with So Uproar Over new firing by Demos viet Premier Alexei Kosygin hadproduced some significant information which he prompt ly cabled to Washington The State Department said in a statement Friday The dis cussion was of course of interest but did not reflect any new de velopments or change in well known points of view Kosygin is understood to have told Harriman that the Soviet government considered the Unit ed States was engaging in ag gression in Viet Nam and also By RON SPEER DES MOINES tive Interim Committee Demo crats Friday fired a Republican H D Wicker as legislative fiscal director action by the Democrats who control the committee Weather cancels mountain climb ZERMATT Switzerland AP weather forced the can cellation of a mass assault by 56 distinguished Alpinists from seven countries on the 14774 foot Matterhorn Friday The climbers and 30 Swiss guides intended to climb the route which British Alpinist Ed ward Whymper followed in the first conquest of the Matterhorn 100 years ago Weather outlook Partly cloudy continued warm and humid with widely thundcrshowers like ly ritroufh Saturday Lows Friday night in mid 60s Highs Saturday in 80s Wtatfwr Details on Page 2 came over the objections of the Republican minority who charged that it was political ingratitude at its worst and a black Friday for taxpayers Wicker who held the job since January 1962 was paid a year His assistant Art Clans who makes and a 100aycar secretary Jo Anne Higgins of DCS Moines also were fired The committee did not abol ish the office but voted to study whether it should becontinued Benelux nations accused of market system violation BRUSSELS execu live commission of the European Common Market said Friday the three Benelux countries have to live up to an agree ment guaranteeing working women the same pay scale as men The report said Belgium the Netherlands and Luxembourg have not complied with the Rome treatycalling for nondis crimination in the six members of the European economic com munity The vote on a straight party line was 63 Sen Rigler RNew Hampton did not attend the meeting but sent a letter voic ing objections to Wickers dis charge Rigler said that Wicker i 47 and his staff saved the taxpay ers of Iowa thousands of dollars and without their able assist ance the recent session of the legislature would have been prolonged by weeks Wicker and his staff worked harmoniously with the Demo cratic leadership in getting the appropriations bills drawn as sisting at the hearings counsel ing and guiding the commit tees Rigler said firing them now would be political ingrati tude at its worst Sen John Shopman RAtlant ic said I think this is a very black Friday for the taxpayers of Iowa But I want to compli ment Gov Harold Hughes on his honesty in saying this man was fired for purely political reasons Sen George OMallcy DDes Moines defending the Demo crats action said he was FIRINO Please turn to Page 2 New duty policy for GIs abroad WASHINGTON AP The Army has changed some of its overseas assignment policies ap parently because of the increas ing manpower demands of the Viet Nam war Among other things the new regulations provide the soldiers may be shipped into Viet Nam from an area like Europe with an intervening home leave of up to 60 days Previously a man completing an overseas tour was given his next duty station in the United States The Afmy also has shortened the span between tours in Viet Nam Except for volunteers sol diers will be subject to reas signment in Viet Nam after be ing away from there for two years t QUAKES KIT LOS ANGELES AP Two sharp earthquakes shook a wide area of Southern California within hours of each other late Thursday and early Friday No injuries or damage was report ed that the US bombing of North Viet Nam shouldstop in the in terest of promoting peace tall prospects Harriman is understood have told Kosygin that Presi dent Johnson is determined t take any military actions whicl may be necessary further escalation of the war a he sees prevent Com munist guerrilla forces support ed from the north from takin over all of South Viet Nam In both Soviet and Western ol ficial quarters there was evi dence of feeling that widespreai new efforts were under way try to break the long deadlock over Vietnamese peace talks Repgrts from Moscow Frida said Harriman would have mon talks with Soviet officials Johnson administration lead ers are not optimistic about ear ly peace prospects official said but have some hope tha after more hard fighting in Vie Nam the Communist North Vietnamese regime may b willing to enter into negotiation toward the end of the year Harriman told newsmen Moscow Thursday that he ha cabled his report to Washington but that he would not disclos anything about histalk with Kosygin until after he had d cussed it with Johnson personal ly in Inside Globe Editorials Mason City news 4 Society news Sports Comics Clear Lake news Classified pages 14 North Iowa Television news 171 Ask did Viet in SAIGON South Viet Nam Viet Nams mili ary government asked US De ense Secretary Robert S Me Samara Friday to increase American forces in the country Assistant Defense Secretary Arthur Sylvester said the Sai on governments top leaders nade a detailed request in a ession with McNamara that asted more than two hours Sylvester said Chief of State Nguyen Van Thieu Premier Nguyen CaoKy and Defense Minister Nguyen Huu Co did not ask for a specific number of troops butput their estimates of Americansneeded in terms of force McNamara and his factfind ing party made no comment of commitment on the request Syl vester A US Spokesman announced earlier thatAmerican intelli gence officials had confirmed Start projects at institutions ByWILLIAM L EBERLINE DES MOINES AP The State Board of Regents is losing no time in going ahead with capital improvements for which he 1965 legislature provided unds It has approved the hiring of engineers for utility improve ments atthe University of Iowa and is getting work started on other highpriorily projects at its six institutions The legislature appropriated for capital improve ments at the boards institutions in the biennium which startec July i That is some million more than in the 196365 biennium bu only a little over half the 78S450 the board had requested forriew buildings and major im provements forthe next two years The No 1 priority at Uni versity of Iowa Iowa State Uni versity and State College of towa goes to the equipping of new buildings constructed with unds appropriatedin 1963 For his purpose the 1965 legislature provided for the Univer iity of Iowa forIowa State and for SGI Also Jven top priority is a window replacement job at Uni versity Hospitals in Iowa City The million for a new lasic science building at the University of Iowa is the largest single appropriation in the list t is to be supplemented by fed eral grants The legislature provided a to tal of for capital im the University of owa at Iowa State 2009000 at State College of Iowa at the Iowa Braille and Sight Saving School in Vin on for the Iowa School for the Deaf at Council Bluffs and for the State Sana torium at Oakdale The building projects include University of Iowa Adding ne boilerimproving the cam ms steam atid electrical distri mtion system and providing wa er storage remodel ng of vacated and obsolete ipace campus plan 1100000 music building 000 basic science building 500000 University Hospitals window replacement and hospital heating and ulilit iystemrenovation IowaState University Class room and office building million library addition million computer laborator East Hall additio steam generator 000 special repairs replaci ments and alterations andfiremens training buildin A separate apprbpria ion provided for a bridge over Squaw Creek State College of Iowa Educa ionbuilding planning science building Unit II iOO heat distribution system ad ditiphs and improvements 00 special repairs replace ments and alterations including pecial campus developmenl land purchase1 op floor of administration build ng Iowa Braille and Sight Saving ichooj Physical education building Addition main iuilding special repairs School for the Deaf Sup lement to funds appropriated by the 1963 legislature power house replacement 810 i State Sewage reatmentfacility improvements Rent plan law seems assured WASHINGTON AP The icavily disputed rent subsidy rogram for lowincome fami ies Friday appeared certain of becoming law after it won ap proval of bothbranches of Con ress The Senate Thursday passed 54 to 30 a housing bill containing a modified version of the rent program The high priority administra ion measure was sent to con ference with the House which passed it June 30 bya 245169 tally Democratic leaders said they expected a compromise would be worked out easily since the differences are relatively slight President Johnson received most ofwhat he asked in the big bill although the rent sub sidy program was different from the onehe first proposed In addition the like the House knocked out his rec ommendations for a package of aids to help in development of new towns near metropolitan areas The rent program survived by seven votes to 40 when i Republicans tried to strike it from the bill inthe Sen ate In the House it was saved by six votes ic presence in South Viet Nam an entire regiment of tha orth Vietnamese armys 325th ivision the pres nce of another regiment and he possible presence of still nother Meanwhile USmilitary DOkesmen announced that 152 iet Cong were killed ina bloody ngagement fought Thursday bout 15 miles south of Da rang The spokesmen said the gure was confirmed Vietnamese army losses heavy the spokesmen said US aircraft were credited ith a major part inbreaking p the Viet Cong forces and pre enting government casualties being even higher Hundreds of USand Viet amese soldiers guarded Sal ons airport as McNamara ar ived with Henry Cabot Lodge mbassadordesignate and the hairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen Earle E Vheeler Lodge is succeeding D Taylor in Saigon As many as 20 persons report dly were detained On McNa maras last visit to Saigon on May 10 1964 a Viet Cong ter rorist planted a big bomb under a bridge on theroad from the airport to town Theterrorist was caught and later executed The bomb was recovered and McNamara took another route into the city The secretary said he would spend four or five days review ing field operations and deter mining in talks with Vietnam ese and American officials whether additional US cdmbat units in Viet Nam An appraisal of the use ot American fighting men was ona of his prime missions McNa mara said MANUFACTURER DIES WORCESTER Mass ames L Roach 48 vice presi dent in charge of international ales of Wyman Gordon Co manufacturer of forgings for utomptive and aircraft indus ries died Thursday after a long illness SAME VIEW FROM Joining in the fun Miss Universe chaperone Mrs America de Gaetani center peers through ropesof a GorGo dance cage during abuffet for the contestants at a Miami Beach Fla hotel She chaperones Miss USA Sue Ann Downey left of Columbus Ohio and MissItaly EricaJorger v t A
Once upon a time newspapers were our main source of information. Now those old newspapers are a reliable source for hundreds of years of history and secrets of the past. Now you can search for people, places, and events without the hassle of sorting through mountains of papers!
Newspaper Archive is the world's largest online newspaper database featuring over 155+ million newspaper pages. Plus our database expands by one newspaper page per second for a total of around 2.5 million pages per month! The value of your membership grows along with it.
Those looking to find out more about their forefathers can empower their genealogy search with Newspaper Archive. Within our massive database, users can search ancestors' names for news stories and obituaries. We must understand our past to understand our future!
24 hours a day Monday-Saturday
Your full introductory membership payment will be credited toward the cost of full membership any time you choose to upgrade!
"It is amazing how easy and exciting it is to access all of this information! I found hundreds of articles about my relatives from Germany! Well worth the subscription!" - Michael S.
"I love this site. It's interesting to read articles about different family members. I've found articles as well as an obituary about an uncle who passed away before I was born, and another about a great aunt. It's great for helping with genealogy." - Patricia T.
"A great research tool. Allows me to view events and gives me incredible insight into the stories of the past." - Charles S.