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Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 27, 1965, Mason City, Iowa Ha rriman Need to stand firm in W AVERILI HARRIMAN Appointed to new pott Edward Murrow JOHN M HIGHTOWER AP Special Correspondent WASHINGTON AP It may take a long time to con vince them they cant win W Averell Harriman said Tuesday of the Communist fighting in Southeast Asia The firmer we are the shorter the time will be the more voices that are raised in protest here against our firmness the the time will be Harriman who recently re signed as undersecretary of state to become a roving am bassador has been chosen by President Johnson to represent the United States at a proposed conference on Cambodia If the conference is accepted by Communist 3hina and North Viet Nam a big part of Harri mans job will be to try to find out whether when and how it may be possible to end the Viet namese war It is likely to be a toughabrasive assignment if it comes off and few men would like to take it on at the age of 73 But Harriman seldom fits conventional patterns Around Washington he is already some thing of a legend He has proba bly held more high government positions than any man current ly active secretary of com merce foreign aid director governor of New York ambas sador to the Soviet Union am bassador to Britain undersecre tary of state and now once more ambassadoratlarge as he was in the first year of the Kennedy administration He is known for plain speech which he said he learned from the examples of Sir Winston Churchill and President Harry S Trumanwhose directnesshe greatly admired He also has a reputation for fighting for I his Viewsonpolicy Presidential assistant Me George Bundy once pinned the label the crocodile on him because pf his sharp comments in political conferences Bundys idea was that Harriman would snap an opponents argument in two I have always done what I thought was right Harriman said in an interview with The Associated Press One value I had I was never afraid of get ting fired Once he laughed I was fired as governor of New York by the people of New York He as governor in 1954 58 Harriman never had the knack of generating great popular enthusiasm He has f J T spentmost ofhis mature working with men at the top of the worlds power systems rather than with the voters Clearly he enjoys work and the high politics of diplomacy and government policymaking I dont know that Ill ever retire he said If I were out of a job had time write HARRIMAN Please turn Page 2 51 dies Wellknown newscaster PAWLING NY AP Ed ward R Murrow 57 interna tionally known radio and tclev newscaster and former head of Ihc US Information Service died at his h o m e Tuesday He had been ill of can cer for some time i Murrow gained fame during World War 1 when his broad casts from London described in vivid detail Ihc courage and ten acity of the British people un der the Nazi blitz He had a cancerous lung re moved in 1963 and has been in and nut of the hospital since Cigarettes were one of Mur rows trademarks He once commented after chainsmok ing through two programs which presented sometimes grim evi dencc on the connection be tween smoking and lung can cer Smoking is a habit to which 1 am addicted Since Ive been in this business I have smoked 10 to 70 cigarettes a day 1 doubt very much that I could spend a halfhour without a cig arette willi any comfort or case Murrow began lift as Egbert Roscoc Marrow tlie third and youngest son of a Greensboro NC tenant farmer on April 25 1908 When young name he hated was 5 the famil moved to Blanchard Wash 70 miles north of Seattle Murrow began earning money in a logging camp at 15 He dropped the Egbert Roscoe for Edward R a year later In IMS he began his long as sociation with the Columbia Broadcasting System Me handled talks and spccia events there for a while an later was promoted to Londor as CBSs European director When Hitler marched into The newspaper that makes all North lowans neighbors Home Edition VOL 105 MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY APRIL 27 10e Paper Consists of Two PTCM run Ltiae No 47 budget deficit cut Steel strike headed off PITTSBURGH Iff A fourmonth steel strike reprieve was certain Tuesday lifting what the Johnson administration viewed as a disastrous threat to the na tions economy Ratification by the United Steehvorkers Union and 10 major steel firms is expected to be a mere formality Wednesday swapping a postponement of Sat urdays am strike deadline for a pay raise of 115 cents an hour This is a good day for the economy said fed eral mediator William E Simkin after union President VDavid J McDonald and chief industry negotiator Test pilot killed in accident Experimental craft explodes EDWARDS AIR FORCE BASE Calif AP An ex perimental vertical takeoff plane faltered in flight Tuesday then crashed and exploded in flames during a public demon stration witnessed by hundreds The chief engineering test pi lot for Ryan Aeronautical Co of San Dicgo Lou Everett tried to eject but went down craft and was killed It was the with the strangelooking planes first public flight The jetpowered plane took EDWARD R MURROW Austria in 1938 Murrow did his first broadcasting The war made him one of ra dios legends His vivid of Londoners under fire pre faccel by his This is London carried what Winston Churchil later called their finest hour into millions of American homes and hearts Back in New York after the war Murrow became CBS vice president in charge of news He served 18 months then resigned and returned to broadcasting wilh a a year sponsored show Television gave Murrow his biggest audience and made him independently wealthy His first venture in the new medium was Sec It Now a 1951 documen tary program that pioneered many techniques for capturing events that shape the news It was follower by Person to Per son a scries of electronic vis its to celebrities homes off vertically as planned and maneuvered over this desert test center Then at about 800 feet while the pilot was switch ing from conventional jet power to flight supported by fans in wings and nose at a speed of about J40 miles per hour it went out of control and plunged straight down Had all gone well the fans would have gently pancaked the craft to a landing Another of Ihc socalled XV5A research craft was in ttic air at the time piloted by Army test pilot William Anderson It ex perienced no difficulties during its maneuvers R Conrad Cooler put their initials on the agreement The stock market promptly rallied canceling earlier losses when the agreement was report ed Monday McDonald emphasized the 115 cents is only the price the industry must pay for a strike delay and that the union still expects to win at last 179 cents an hour in wage gains Although the stec firms and the unions wage policy commit tee still must ratify the agree ment Simkin was so confident he planned to return to Wash ington Tuesday In exchange for the 115cent pay raise for nearly half a mil lion workers McDonald agreed to drop the unions demand that any eventual settlement be re troactive to May 1 when present contracts expire He also said if final agree ment is not reached by Aug 31 a strike or a lockout could oc cur One major firm Wheeling Slcel Corp broke Big Steels united front by agreeing earlier to make any eventual settle ment retroactive to May I in stead of paying the flat 115cent increase Wheeling joined a smaller firm Phoenix Steel Corp as the only companies to agree to retroactive pay McDonald and Cooper said they would start working out plans immediately for further talks during the four months of grace McDonald said the final set tlement must include greatly increased pensions early relire The planes were supposed tojmcnt jmprovcd insurance and rise straight up like a hclicoplota job SCCurity tcr hovering darting sideways and flying forward at high speed Built for the Army by Gener al Electric and Ryan they arc the newest in a series of jet and propeller craft being developed for vertical takeoff and landing The jet craft thai crashed look off vertically using fans in its wings and nose for lifting power Although months of hard bar gaining remain ahead McDon ald Cooper and Simkin cho rused high optimism for an eventual final settlement The union based its wage de mand on White House guidelines of 32 per ccnVor 14 cents plus a 39 per cent coslofliving hike Stcclworkers now average per hour in wages and fringe benefits Inside The Globe BIG CHANGES at Univer sity of Iowa in physical plant for athletics Page 13 Editorials 4 Farm news 7 Picture page I Society news 101112 Sports 1314 Mason City news 1417 Latest markets 14 Comics It Clear Lake news 2021 Classified pages 2223 North Iowa news THIS WAS THE TYPE OF PLANE THAT CRASHED SURROUNDED Fulton 111 is reported to be cut off from all transportation except by boat or heli copter as the Mississippi River swept through and Quad Cities hit River war Pholofax around the community as it recorded record high levels in its march south continuing Foresee drop of billion WASHINGTON UP President Johnson said Tuesday the governments budget deficit this year is going to be at least billion below the billion he orecast in January The President at the same time congratulated he steel and the United Steehvorkers Union or reachingan interim contract agreement to avert a threatened strike Johnson said he hopes and expects their terms vill be accepted by the unions wage policy committee Johnson told a news conference the nations ex at Iowa Illinois points By THK ASSOCIATEI IRESS Flood crews sped Tuesday Lo new danger spots in Illinois and Iowa as the swollen Mississippi River continued to undermine weakened levees on both sides of the surging stream In Rock Island III flood volunteers rushed to reinforce a dike near the downtown area that showed signs of cracking City officials said a three square block area of the towns commercial section would be flooded if the dike bursts Across the river in Betten dorf Iowa similar emergency sandbagging operations were under way along a 200foot sec tion of a dike on Point Missis sippi that showed evidence of collapsing Junior and senior students at Bettendorf High School were dismissed from classes to help bolster the sagging levee The peak of the flood pouring down from Minnesota and Wis consin is expected to reach the Quad Cities area of Illinois and Iowa currently the prime danger spot Wednesday The river stood Tuesday within five inches of its predicted crest Workers raced another day of trying to hold back the water in Burlington The Weather Bu North Iowa Weather outlook Clearing and locally colder Tuesday night 3935 Partly cloudy and continued quite cold Wednesday near M Weather Details en Page 2 rcau in a revised forecast said the river would crest at 225 feet in Burlington late Wednes day The Quad Cities area of Iowa and Illinois with a population of 270058 was hit again and again as the river bowled over levees and rushed unimpeded into cities and fields More residents were removed from the area Monday More han 3000 persons have left their homes in Illinois Damage has been estimated at mil lion by Gov Otto Kerncr In Iowa Gov Harold Hughes made an aerial tour of the stricken area and estimated damage at million Other estimates have gone as high as million More than 3000 persons have abandoned their homes The river was six feet over the 15foot flood stage in the Quad Cities Rock Island Moline and East Moline Illi nois and Davenport in Iowa At Rock Island it stood at 217 feet The Mississippi surged over and through a crushed 4V4mile levee north of Burlington Mon day and inundated 3200 acres of farm land Some 400 National Guardmen who had been rein forcing the dike were ordered to withdraw About 150 families had been removed from the area In Rock Island volunteers struggled to keep intact a 3A mile levee protecting a 300 home housing project If the dike breaks officials said up to six feet of water would flow into the project Most of the 1200 residents had abandoned their homes A small levee buckled late Monday on the northwest side of Rock Island putting an in dustrial area under water A new problem plagued Rock Island officials Storm drains have begun backing up in the city of 51000 population Another section of Rock Is land Big Island was inundated when a canal and the Rock Riv er backed up and flooded 50 to 400 homes Five hundred per sons were taken out by boat Another 500 who moved to upper FLOOD Pleast Turn to Page 2 Vocational school bill in Senate To discuss amendment By CHAD SKAGCS DES MOINES bill to create a system of area col leges and vocational schools barely launched in the Iowa Senate Monday was the top item on the agenda Tuesday Still on deck was a major amendment offered by Sens Vern Lisle RClarinria Kenneth Nurse DHartley and Lucas De Koster RHull The Lisle amendment called or addition to the bill of an al ternative method of establishing one of the schools Unlike the original bill it would allow a single district to set up a school As introduced by the Senate Education Committee the meas irc would allow creation of up o 20 areas of two or more coun lies each with one of the schools in each area Predictions were that organ ization of at least eight of the schools would begin within the next two years The schools could be voca tionaltechnical in nature offer ing training to persons who did not finish high school or who wanted posthigh school educa tion but did not plan to attend college They also could academic institutions offering the first two years of a college course Or they could combine the two programs The governing body of an area could levee a tax of up to one mill for operating the schools With approval of 60 per cent of the voters in the area it could collect one mill more for construction of buildings or to retire bonds AP UtVA rnt HEAVE HO This young Augustana College student Susan Johnson of Aledo 111 is typical of the spirit and youth put into the effort to help contain the mighty Mississippi River The schools also would be en titled to general state aid of per student in average daily attendance and whatever federal aid is available Boards of education of two or more counties could plan for a merger to establish a school and could set one up if their plans won approval of the State Board of Public Instruction An area would have to have at least 4000 students in the grades 9 through 12 Voters would elect a govern ing board to run the area but would not vote on whether th school is set up initially This would be left lo county boards of education and the State De partmcnt of Public Instruction One member of the area gov erning board would be elected from cacti county in the area V vif panding economy will pro duce federal revenues high uthan the administration nad expected At the same time he said the adminis tration has held spending below the anticipated level We expect the actual budget deficit for fiscal 1965 to be at least billion below the billion estimated last January ohnson said He said expenditures will be million below his forecast and revenues will be up by ibout the same amount Johnson had forecast govern ment spending of billion luring the fiscal year that ends June 30 The administration had istimated government income at billion Johnson declaring the United States will not yield to aggres ion in Viet Nam renewed Tuesday his offer to talk peace with any government any vhere any time without any conditions The President opened his news conference with a state ment saying that some people may consider it a small war n which the United States and South Viet Nam are engaged against the Communists but to he men who give their lives it s the last war also declared it is a war of very great importance for his and other stakes are high Our own freedom our own welfare would be in great danger he said if aggression were allowed to triumph To yield to aggression brings only greater threats he de clared to stand firm is the only guarantee of a lasting peace Johnson accused North Viet of carrying on a campaign of terror and slaughter against military and civilian populations ndiscriminately Vietnamese and Americans have been targets of constant attacks of terror he said sol diers and civilians men and women were murdered and crippled Johnson said the United States had shown great restraint in using its power and remained ready at any time to enter into unconditional talks on peace But the answer to restraint he said was murder and the other side took that restraint as an indication of weakness and surrender The object of the North he said is total conquest Johnson said when it bccams LBJ turn to 2 SAMI DATI1N4JU
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