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   Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 27, 1965, Mason City, Iowa                                The newspoper that mokes oil Nor th lowans neighbors Holes in US craft 3AIGON South Viet Nam AP A massive explosion believed set off by Viet Cong frogmen Friday blew gaping holes in the hull of an American LST docked at a commercial pier at Da Nang The by an estimated 500 pounds of high explosives in jured one Japanese crewman slightly caused extensive interi or damage and ripped a half dozen holes two to six feet in diameter in the hull An official in Saigon said LST landing ship tank did not sink The blast was touched off despite an overnight city curfew and rigid security precautions throughout the area site of the strategic Da Nang air base now guarded by 4000 US Marines and batteries of Hawk antiaircraft missiles Two squadrons of Marine warplanes are expected to be brought to Viet Nam to support the Leatherneck ground forces already here An informed source said the aircraft would be stationed at Da Nang complementing the present Marine Hawk squadron and two squadrons of Marine helicopters Marino tnS Expeditionary Brigade two battalions of combat troops landed in Da Nang early this month with the mission of guarding the jet field closest to the 17th Paral lel Marine aircraft would give the base a strongly reinforced military punch At present the base is used by US Air Force KlOO and F105 jets Vietnamese force propellerdriven Sky raiders and a host of incidental supporting aircraft on various missions The LST explosion recalled the sabotage of the aircraft fer ry Card a converted World War U baby carrier which was sunk in Saigon Harbor last May The ship was later refloated re turned to duty after repairs The LST No 550 is an Home Edition VOL 105 MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY MARCH 17 W5 10c Paper Conslsls ot Two On Presi Full No 41 bond on Klansmen iscuss murder charges FOCUS on North Iowa Area educators backing junior colleges t T rtninf c mif inn hie hiph snhnnl Efn fin In Cf By CHARLES W WALK North Iowa News Director There seems to be little doubt in the minds of North Iowa educators that the importance of junior colleges as tools for higher education is on the in crease Without exception members of a group of superintendents of North Iowa schools interviewed also indicated this increasing importance is to their liking The reasons for this added im portance and why the super intendents approve are varied Francis Peterson superintend ent at NorthwoodKcnsett sees it as a matter of adjustment The junior colleges usually arent as large as the state senior colleges and the adjust ments needed to be made by the firstyear students therefore arent as big Peterson says Im firmly convinced that junior colleges fill a need as pre degree institutions he adds Last year 57 per cent of the graduates of Ncrthwood Kensett High School went on to further their education and many of those went to junior colleges at Mason City and Forest City Finances also have played a big role in the increasing im portance of junior colleges some ot the superintendents agree Junior colleges have done a good job of keeping costs down Don Ambroson superintendent at Rockford points out Tuition costs at Mason City Junior Col lege now arc only slightly high er than when he was graduated from there in 1951 he adds Being able to commute and live at home also have trimmed the costs of many students at tending junior colleges Ambro son continued Between 35 and 40 per cent of the graduates of his high school go on to college Ambroson says About onethird of those go to a junior college Wallace Burns superintendent at St Ansgar agrees finances have played an important role in the junior college surge but adds that the fact that a lot of FOCUS Turn to Page 2 School bill is okayed by House A victory for Johnson AP The bitter bicker unarmcd vessel assigned to Mil itary Sea Transport Service and is Japanesemanned It ar rived iii Da Nang Friday from Saigon with a stop at the cen tral coastal port of Nha Trang A spokesman said the ships cargo hnd been unloaded It consisted mostly of supplies for the Da Nang military post ex change store plus some jeeps trucks railway cars and other military supplies Meanwhile North Viet Nam protested again to the Interna tional Commission this time over Fridays air strikes against Bach Long Island deep in the Tonkin Gulf and against three mainland radar centers Radio Hanoi claimed the raids hit a densely populated area and constituted an extremely serious act of war The Soviet Union sent a note to the US Embassy in Moscow Friday charging the United Stales with breaking interna tional law by using poison gas in South Viet Nam The embassy returned the note saying it was rejected because it was based false allega WASHINGTON House overcame ing Friday night to pass controversial billion school aid bill The 263153 vote gave Presi dent Johnson his biggest legisla tive victory of the session The party lineup 228 Demo crats and 35 Republicans for the measure 57 Democrats and 96 Republicans against The bill aimed primarily at helping school districts which serve children from impover ished families now moves to the Senate where Democratic leader Mike Mansfield of Mon tana predicts quick action House opponents used parlia mentary devices and timecon suming votes to delay final ac tion Membership in Klan up Release won by 3 of 4 Wilkins is still jailed MONTGOMERY Ala AP may seek first de gree murder indictments against four white men called Ku Klux Klansmen by President Johnson who are charged with conspiracy in the ambush slaying of a Detroit civil rights worker l the evidence warrants Im going to insist that we get a first degree murder indict ment State Atty Gen Rich mond Flowers said Friday night NEW YORK AP The Ku Klux Klan a sprawling giant of lejS the 1920s that nearly choked to two decades later on its violent dedication to is getting new growing civil death own Americanism life from the rights movement in the South Dr Richard M Chalmers University of Florida professor and author of a new book on the Klans secret world of mystic rituals strange passwords and hooded violence argues that a s to be published by Double lay that one inherent defect in Klan structure that may have prevented it from becoming even more of an influence is the mpossibility of controlling the actions of individual branches Todays Klan actually a num ber of separate Klans has most influence in small cities and rural areas usually those with a high percentage of Negroes But 40 years ago it was a giant of four million members Mrs Viola Gregg Liuiio white and mother of five was shot to death near Lowndesboro Ala while assisting in a civil rights drive Flowers said from what Ive heard thus far it looks like pre meditated murder Conviction for first degree murder in Alabama carries ei decaying Klan was given new impetus and environment for action by two events The Supreme Courts May 17 1954 decision outlawing public school segregation and the sit that elected governors and sen ators both in the North and South Born on a completely lion Bandits get clam chowder but no payroll BOSTON AP Two men jumped into a draftmans car apparently thinking a paper bag he was carrying contained the payroll of the New England Structures Inc It didnt It contained clam chowder and a sundae William Di Bartoliomere 25 At one point Rep Charles E Goodcll RNY charged This isnt going to be an education act its going to be the railroad act of 1965 Goodell also accused the ad ministration forces of glossing over the bills impact on paro schools The measure contains provi sions which would allow private school students to take advan tage of the federal aid Said Goodell they have let the private schools think they are going to get something out of this bill but its my opinion it wont be much and what they do get may be unconstitution al The New Yorker later de clared that Democrats were stifling opposition This brought Speaker John W SMOKING OUT VIET CONG South Vietna mese troops carrying gas masks plant phosphorous grenades at entrances to a labyrinth of underground shelters and tunnels used by Viet Cong guerrillas 1 Photofax The bunkers and tunnels are so solidly built even tanks are unable to dent them The scene is near Trung Lap village northwest of Saigon and the mass early Viet gas issue flares up in U N McCormack microphone Normally DMass to the goodnatured the of Hcvcre a structural drafts man at the company said the two men were so annoyed Fri day when they found no payroll that they took from his wal let and stole his car The car was recovered about mile away unsmiling McCormack said I am aware there is some kind of implication of intimidation being I dont like it In the Senate Mansfield said he hoped the hill would pass within two weeks Sponsors of the legislation predict that at least 90 per cent of the nations 25M1 school dis tricts will benefit from it The major provision of the bill authorises billion in aid next year based on a formula keyed to the number of children in each district from families with incomes of or less UNITED NATIONS NY AT A wrangle over Soviet charges that the United Stales is waging poison gas warfare in Viet Nam has muddled efforts by the UN to straighten out its peacekeeping finances Soviet Chief Delegate Nikolai T Fedorenko and US Ambas sador Francis T Plimpton got embroiled in the dispute Friday at the opening session of a spe cial 33nation committee dealing with peacekeeping operations Fedorenko accused the United States of using poison gas in Viet Nam and declared such an act was a crime against man kind Plimpton accused the Rus Hc said the United over peacekeeping and sought no wider conflict insists that the asscm WMD M1 vlfrUf nWi cnnir fl v it only the termination of aggres sion It was not embarking upon gas warfare he said but only used nonlethal riot control sians of injecting a discordant irrelevant and cold war propa gandistic note into a debate intended to deal with the UN financial problems Plimpton charged that the real aggressor in Viet Nam was the Communist northern regime which he said seeks by vio lence and terror to destroy th Saigon government bly has no right whatsoever a to the keeping of peace or its financing Inside The Globe Editorials Newman Surveyor 5 Church news 4 Society news 8 Sports 910 ins freedom rides demonstrations of 1960s A number ot other observers have pointed to a very recent rise in Klan membership now believed to number 30000 to 35 000 active Klansmen with up to 20000 active sympathizers mainly in the Deep South Klan officials say their fluence has steadily since sentence or life at the discretion in been increasing the current civil North Iowa news 11 until late April He said he and Secretary Thant would seek some big power agreement on which the group could base its future work General U some big General Assembly Presidcn Alex QuaisonSackey of Gham Sas who heads the committee firal Fedorenko told the UN comly adjourned further meetings mittee the Congo and Middle Sast operations had violated the UN Charter He said that he ore tackling present UN fi nancial difficulties the commit ee should adopt measures to nsure that future peacekeeping operations adhere to the charter He insisted that the establish ment direction and financing of all future UN forces should be left to the Security Council where there is a bigpower veto Plimpton said the commit tees first problem was to as sure UN solvency threat ened by the refusal of the Soviet Union France and others to pay peacekeeping assessments Plimpton charged that the Soviet Union wants a perpetual Mason City news 1213 Latest markets 1 Comics 14 rights struggle began James Venable Atlanta attorney and imperial wizard of the National Knights of the Ku Klux Klan estimates growth at 10000 to 12 000 new members a month We try to weed out undesira bles our purpose is not to col Icct hoodlums Venable said Were trying to get the sweat box people in Educated peopl have been brainwashed into be lieving in brotherly love i peaceful coexistence Chalmers says in his book as a society of playful pranks and mystic initiations in 1866 one year after the Civil War ended the Klan soon turned to a major role in the overthrow of carpetbag state governments in the South and the restoration of white suprem cy 1 By 1871 the estimated 550 000 Klansmen disappeared as a brmal organization President Ulysses S Grant under the Ku Klux Klan Act of 1871 sus pended the writ of habeas cor us in nine South Carolina coun ies and thousands of Klansmen were arrested Classified pages U17 Hooded Americanism whic Another Klan did not appear until 1915 when the organization was resurrected on top of Stone Mountain Ga with the burning of a cross and an oath of alle ther a death imprisonment of the jury The President announced the arrests in Washington 16V hours after Mrs Liuzzo who grew up in the South slumped over in the drivers scat of her car a bullet in the temple Selma Negro Leroy Moton 19 was beside her in the car when another auto pulled along side and two shots were fired The two were returning to Montgomery after shuttling a group of civil rights workers to Selma She was en route back to pick up another group The four men arrested Eugene Thomas 42 and Wil liam Orville Eaton 41 both of Bessemer Gary Tommy Rowe Jr 34 of Birmingham and Collie Leroy Wilkins Jr 21 of Fairfield Ala The four were taken into cus tody by FBI agents in the Bir mingham area A US commis sioner set bond at each giance to the invisible empire of the Ku Klux Klan By 1924 it had become a na tional political power with four million members dedicated to opposing not only Negroes but Catholics Jews and anyone who was not a nativeborn An gloSaxon Protestant 1960mile bull ride is completed GALVESTON Tex AP Carl Swanson finished his 1960 mile bull ride from Internation al Falls Minn to Galveston New farm plan in Russia Friday The Greely rancher rode Neb farmer his 4yearold MOSCOW AP The Soviet Union announced plans Friday to combat what it called seri ous shortcomings and errors in agricultural management dur ing the past few years It put new men in top government and Communist party posts to carry them out The main features of the new program are a massive invest ment in farm mechanization and higher payments to farmers without price increases to con The Communist partys first secretary Leonid I Brezhnev presented the program to the partys Central Committee said the money would come from redistribution within the state budget He also called for wider use of economic and moral incen tives in collective and stale farms which he said should be allowed greater independence in economic activities Brezhnev said this would raise the role and responsi bilities of local officials and in crease the role of agricultural specialists Brezhnev was critical of farm policies under former Premier Nikita Khrushchev the man whom he and Premier Alexei N Kosygin replaced in October 1964 He did not name Khrushchev but said the gross farm output had increased only 10 per cent during the last six years al though it had been scheduled to go up by 70 per cent during the current sevenyear plan which ends this year The new plans call for a total investment in agriculture of 71 billion rubles billion in the next five years which Brezhnev said is as much as was invested in Soviet farming during the past 19 years whitefaccd bull Randy across the Galveston causeway on the last lap of the 11month trek Swanson 42 said at the start its purpose was to point out that people dont know enough about jood beef and that a small cef producer could fail be ause they dont eat enough do mestic beef The Nebraskan and his bull will be officially welcomed to he island resort Sunday and Swanson will pour water from International Falls into the Gulf of Mexico North Iowa Weather outlook Increasing cloudiness with possible through Satur day night warmer but turning colder again on Sunday 1 Thomas Eaton and Rowe were released several hours later when their attorney posted bond Wilkins remained in jail Ho was convicted in federal court last November on a charge of possessing an unregistered shot gun given a oneyear suspended sentence and placed on proba tion for two years R Macey Taylor an assistant US district attorney said the four were charged with violat ing a 90yearold federal statute for conspiring to deprive anoth er person of his constitutional rights Maximum penalty is 10 years in prison a 5000 fine or both There were these other devel opments on the racial scene 1 Seven policemen wers treated at a hospital in Water bury Conn after a street fight broke out in a Negro neighbor hood when officers tried to make an arrest Police said they were called segregation ists and other names by a crowd of from 150 to 200 Bottles and bricks were thrown at tha officers 2 Counties seeking exemp tions from the proposed voting rights act of 1965 were promised full Justice Department coop eration Atty Gen Nicholas Katzenbach told delegates of National Association of Coun ics meeting in Washington we want to make the burden KILLING Please Turn Pago 1 Photofax FANGLESS LION HAS AN ENEMY Pharoah the fangless and claw less lion poses with his pals Lester the Great Dane and 2yearold Shaun Fenn at the Fenn home in Tustiri Calif Pharoah had a happy home at the Fenn residence until he jumped the fence recently and disappeared Thats when Kenneth Williams Orange County district attorney was notified and joined the lion hunt When Pharoah was returned to owner Mrs Karen Fenn she was told she had to get rid of him because hes now considered a public nuisance SAMf   

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