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Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 15, 1965, Mason City, Iowa BACKGROUND bid a ban by Alabama Gov Intense pressure on leaders Heat on King judge mounts By JAMES MAR LOW Associated Press Ntws Analyst WASHINGTON AP From President Johnson down psy chological pressure has whip lashed the key figures in Ala bamas civil rights turmoil but none more than the federal dis trict judge in the case Frank M Johnson Seldom could pressure pile up so fast and intensely nation wide on a judge as on this one right now trying lo decide whether to for George C Wai lace on civil rights march es And Dr Mar tin L u t h e i King Jr main spokesman so far for the marchers has fell the heat from inside his own ranks He wasnt there to lead the mnrch which state police broke up on Sunday March 7 with billy clubs and tear gas He lee another hut only a brief one last Tuesday turning back when police stood in the way This peaceful confrontation and falling back had been ar ranged by the federal govern ment through compromise on both sides There could be a milemarch no defiance of the police then a turnback and no police action More militant civil rights leaders in Sclma Ala opposec Kinds willingness to withdraw Any expedition had been tempo rarity banned by Judge Johnson until he could make a final deci sion King later admitted one rea son lie had led even this brie march was fear of violence h Solma negroes until he coulc supply some outlet for pentup emotions Discontent within Negro ranks about Kings leadership for not being more militant coulc and may have farreaching re suits Wallace who rode into office as a segregationist and vowed segregation forever when he took the oath of office ma have fell he was reflecting the feeling of most whites in Ala bama when he told his police to use all necessary force t break up that Sunday civi rights march Hut the reaction against the violent beating of the Negroes was not limited to people out side Alabama newspapers in particular the Montgomery Alabama Journal and the Sclma TimesJournal were highlj critical of What happened Then Wallace asked to see President Johnson The two men met for three hours Satur day Wallace later said he would obey a court order to per mit demonstrations if Judge Johnson ordered it From the of the Sunday march until he called a press conference Saturday and met Wallace Johnson kept quiet except for a Vrcf written state ment issued to reporters de ploring police brutality in Sclma and calling on both sides lo o calm In that week of almost total USplanes bomb 100 miles south of Hanoi By MALCOLM W BROWNE SAIGON South Viet Nam AP More than 100 US Air Force and Navy planes smashed a North Vietnamese ammunition depot only 100 miles south of Hanoi Monday Officialssaid it may have been the most punishing raid on North Viet Nam to date Col Hal I Price director of operations for the 2nd Air Divi sion identified the target a s Phu Qui He said 30 buildings for storage of ordnance includ ing weapons and ammunition were hit One US Navy propellerdriv en aircraft reportedly crashed short of a carrier as it was re turning after the strike Price said it was not learned whether the piano crashed because of battle amage He added it was the only known loss of raid and damage suffered from ground fire was light Price said preliminary re ports from pilots said there were numerous secondary ex plosion during what he termed an excellent strike He said when full reports are in the Phu Qui ammunition depot probably can be referred to in past tense The depot is located 100 miles south of Hanoi 180 miles north of the border and 38 miles from the frontier of Laos Price said the strike was valuable from a military standpoint because the depots were in a strategic posi tion along the Ho Chi Minh sup ply trail Price said the 30 buildings hit ranged up to 135 feet long and 35 feet wide The target area was spread over a square mile and the buildings were widely dis persed The ammunition depot was ringed with considerable flak Price said but an element of surprise was apparently on the side of American raiders Price said the attacking force which came from Southeast Asian bases used rockets 20mm cannons and bombs The aerial strike force was made up of about twothirds Navy and onethird Air Force No Viet namese planes participated Price said no enemy aircraft rose during the raid which started about 2 pm and ended at 4 pm The Navy aircraft included Al A4 F4 F8 planes and the Air Force used F100 and 105 jets US B57 bombers made 23 strikes on suspected Viet Cong positions in two provinces of SouthViet Nam Heavy fighting was reported in various parts of the country A US spokesman said the raid on Phu Qui was carried out in view of the continued acts of aggression perpetrated at Ha nois direction against the South Vietnamese people the political and economic institutions A statement charged the Communists destroyed 82 bridg es and committed 214 other acts of sabotage on road and rail way officials and murdered or kidnaped 41 rural officials dur ing the past month Sunday 24 Vietnamese air force fighterbombers supported by US jets smashed a small North Vietnamese island Navy base through which seaborne munitions for Viet Coof were believed Tunneling The raid Sunday was led by Brig Gen Nguyen Cao Ky commander of the Vietnamese air force South Vietnamese forces an nounced capture of another best running arms for the Commu nist Viet Cong Monday and said it was being held in Quang Tri Province north of the Da Nang air base The boat a 50foot fishing junk carried 15 tons of Chinese and Czech arms Five crew members were captured The newspaper that makes allNorth lowans neighbor s Home Edition VOL 105 MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY MARCH 15 1965 UOe Paper Consists of Two Associated Press Full Wlrei No 30 In Selma streets March by 500 is barred LBJ outlines his vote bill in 8 pm talk WASHINGTON AP Presi dent Johnson goes before a joint session of Congress Monday night lo outline hiproposals aimed at assuring what terms the most basic political right of right lo vole for all Americans The White onse announce ment Sunday nighl that the President had acceplcd an invi tation from congressional lead ers to address the Senate and House at 8 pm CST Monday on a voting rights bill and any other matters the President may desire to discuss came as a surprise Saturday Johnson told news conference he would send his voting rights message to Capitol Hill and that copies of it would be ready about 9 am Monday Aides said Sunday night the bill is not expected to 90 to the Hill until Wednesday Word that the President was going before Congress capped a weekend during which he con ferred for more than three hours with Alabama Gov silence Johnson was criticized for leaving a leadership vacuum and was urged to speak out When he finally did he said brutality in Sclma cannot and will not be repeated thai federal forces would be used to protect Negroes there if neccs sary that he would send his voting bill to Congress this week and that his administra tion had asked Judge Johnson to order officials of Alabama not lo interfere with American citizens who are peacefully demonstrating for their consti tutional rights There could nol imaginably be more pressure applied to Judge Johnson to decide in favor of the Negroes than Prcsidenl John sons statements although the Presidents voice just happened to be the most authoritative among the many from individ uals and groups from coast to coasf Inside The Globe Editorials Clear Lake news North Iowa news Societynews Sports news 1314 Bowling news 15 Latest markets City news U17 Comics Classified pages George C Wallace Johnson said he told Wallace he under stood the concern of Negro citizens of Alabama who have systematically been denied the right to register and to partici pate in the choice of those who govern them They feel theyre Fed up with fat sailors North Iowa Weather outlook Fair Monday night and Tuesday with light and vari able winds Monday night around 20 A llttU warmer Tuesday in upper 30s Weather Detaili On D By FRED S HOFFMAN WASHINGTON AP The Navy is fed up with overfed sailors It has instructed ship and sta lion commanders lo crack down on enlisted men guilty of wha the Navy dclicalely calls die tary indiscretion If necessary commanders arc aulhorized lo recommend that a stubbornly fat sailor be kicked out of the Navy Obesity actually constitutes an abnormal state of health anc it is essential that all command take positive measures to re duce obesity among members o the naval service said a re cent order Officers too must figh against becoming paunchy They are covered under differ ent regulations which lay dow fairly stiff requirements for off cers under 40 but arc lenient fo older men The Navy instruction set forth a classification cnllc disqualified This defined as referring to me whose weight in relation to th body structure and musculatur constitutes obesity to such degree as to render them mil tarily unsuitable for retention i the naval service Commanders were told give particular attention to th FAT Continued on Page J ing denied a ghl very precious The President then told his osc Garden news conference lat he was determined to give 1 our people the right lo loose their leaders adding fo deny this right I think is deny democracy itself Television and radio networks ill carry the Presidents pecch Monday night It comes ist 10 weeks after he delivered s State of Ihe Union message Congress in a similar night mc personal appearance At that time just before Ne ocs in Selma started their vot r registration drive Johnson roposed we eliminate every cmaining obstacle to the right nd opporlunily lo vote He ave no details and set no time able The new bill expected to re eive strong bipartisan support as summarized for newsmen aturday by an adminislralion pokcsman it includes Applicanls lo vote would fill ul a simple form listing name cldrcss age and length of rest cnce If local registrars failed to egister qualified voters federal cgislrars would be named by he bipartisan Civil Service ommission Federal registrars would go o work in any slale or election istrict where 50 per cent ol the ligible volers were not regis crcd or 50 per cent did not vote n the general election Where people were not per lilted to vote all ballots woulc e impounded until those de rived had been given in oppor unity lo vole The bill was expected to apply o stale and local elections as well as to federal voting anc ossibly also to party primaries ANOTHER CONFRONTATION A large groupof demon Photofax strators is stopped by a thin line of police as they try to march to the courthouse in Selma Ala Sheriff James Clark halted the group China blasts Russia over suppression of students TOKYO AP Communist China accused the Soviet gov ernment Monday of being un der the thumb of US imperial ism the common enemy of the people of the world The accusation was made by the official Peking Peoples Daily in an editorial on the suppression of an attack March by Chinese and North Viet namese students on the US Embassy in Moscow It was the sharpest Chinese criticism of the Soviet govern ment since Premier Nikita Khrushchev was ousted last Oc tober The Peking mouthpiece said Chinese students in the So viet Union fell victim to perse cution in their just cause of sup porting the Vietnamese people by opposing US aggression The Chinese people cannol but express once again their ex treme indignation at and strong protest against the Soviet gov ernments perverted action of fawning upon US imperialism and suppressing and manhan dling antiUS students The paper said it was the first time that a Communist govern ment had used force in broad daylight to suppress a demon stration against the United States and had conducted with ulterior motives political perse cution of seriously wounded stu dents in the hospitals It said Ihis would not have been strange if it had happened in czarist Russia Nationalist China or in the United States It charged the Russians had indeed gone to the extremes by savagely beating up Chinese students and maltreating them in a hundred and one ways then rejecting with an arro gant air the Chinese protest On the other hand when the US Embassy in Moscow lodged a socalled protest the Soviet government humbly apolo gized and workmen were sent lo the embassy to clean and re pair theinksplatlered embassy walls and broken windows it said Four students injured in the demonstrations returned to Pe king Sunday for medical treat ment Peking radio said Two of them had to be carried on stretchers from the plane the broadcast said In Budapest the Hungarian Communist party newspaper Nepszabadsag said the students during the demonstration had acted as if they had a score to settle with Soviet authorities LYNDA IN THE SPIN WASHINGTON Lynda Bird Johnson has been selected to spin the wheel of fortune at the National Cherry Blossom Festival Ball In Washington April lo pick a stale princess as festival queen FOCUS on North Iowa Hampton woman is Mom of Year MRS ALICE VAN WERT HAMPTON A 52yearold farm widow was named Satur day as the 1965 Iowa Mother of the Year Mrs Alice Van Wcrt r2 of Hampton slalc chairman of Ihe Farm Bureau Womens organi 7alion with offices in DCS Moincs was selected from 47 nominees Mrs Van W e r t mother of four children operates a 100 acre farm Nominees for Mother of the Year were sponsored by a num ber of organizations The selec tion committee was headed hy Mrs J L Lush of Ames last years winner Last week Mrs Van Wert es corted 94 Iowa farm women on a tour lo Washington DC On her return to DCS Moincs Mrs Van Wert was met by Mrs Irv ing Hilda Wcingart of DCS Moines Iowa Mother of the Year in 1961 Hilda its awfully nice to see you but what are you doing here Mrs Van Wert asked Mrs Weingart Didnt you get the wire noti fying you that you had been named Mothei of Ihe Year for 1965 asked Mrs Weingart No replied Mrs Van Wert Well you are said Mrs Wcingart I cant believe it said Mrs Van Wcrl I keep prctly busy now but Ill manage it Working will1 people is my joy The first week in May Mrs Van Wert will attend a meeting at New York NY where a national Mother of the Year will be named Mrs Van Werts husband J S Pat Van Wert former president of Farmers Hybrid Co died in 1952 The four Van Wert children are Jay S 28 manager of the home farm David W 26 of Wilson NC Sondra 21 a sen ior at Iowa State University and Patricia 19 a sophomore at Drake University Both sons earned degrees at Iowa State University Mrs Van Wcrt the former Alice Victoria Anderson was born at Worthington Minn She earned a bachelor of science degree at Iowa Slate Univer sity She is a member of Ihe First Christian Church She was vice president of the Iowa Mothers Association and is local past president of the American Association of Uni versity Women and Federaled Womens Clubs Didnt see blows in Selma MONTGOMERY Ala A state trooperphotographer testified in federal court Mon day that he did not see any Negroes beaten in Selma dur ing a bloody encounter be tween marchers and state troopers March 7 Cameraman Roy Smith of the state police force was the first witness called in the fourth day of a Federal Court hearing on apetition by Ne groes to stage a Selmato Montgomery march Smith was called as a wit ness on behalf of Sheriff James G Clark of Selma aft er attorneys for Col Albert J Lingo commander of the troopers rested their defense with Lingo the only witness The photographer said he has never seen any state of ficer or any of Clarks depu ties strike or hit a Negro in the month and onehalf he has been on duty in Selma Smith conceded however hat he did not see everything that went on when troopers stopped a SelmaMontgomery march He said he was taking movies and that his vision through a camera viewfinder was sharply restricted He was asked by attorney Peter Hall representing civil rights petitioners what hap pened to the movie film Smith said it was being processed Hall showed the witness a photograph showing Smith himself during the encounter In Smiths hand was a tear gas cannister Smith testified that he had picked up the tear gas gre nade after another trooper dropped it He said he did not throw the grenade at anyone The state is building its case on one thing That it is unsafe for the marchers to journey the 50 miles on US 80 which winds through westcentral Alabama Clark blocks group Were going to memorial SELMA Ala UP Sher iff James G Clark took command of a city street Monday and blocked about 500 silent marchers seeking to hold a courthouse morial service for a slain clergyman Five abreast the ranks of white ministers priests and nuns followed by Negro students and other white and Negro civil rights lead ers marched from two churches in a Negro hous ing area They headed for the court louse and a memorial service or the Rev James L Reeb 38 earold Boston minister Hs died Thursday night following a itreet attack here by white men ihortly after he took part in a ivil rights march His death brought ions throughout the nation Clark and a corps of his shakiclad possemen and depu ties barred the ranks of march ers before they got past tha first street intersection The marchers disbanded after a short time But about 50 Ne groes and a few white clergy men continued a vigil in the street The vigil began last Wed nesday and has continued round theclock Negro leaders requested per mission to stage the march in ranks of three instead of five But this was rejected by county and city officials This means we will jusr ga right back on the prayer vigil line said the Rev C T Vivian leader of the march City policemen replaced wood en sawhorses as barricades in front of the vigil The SELMA Continued on Page 2 Reuther appears in Selma drive SELMA Ala Wl Walter Reuther president of the United Automobile Workers joined tha ranks of civil rights demonstra tors Monday in this Alabama city and spoke out for freedom in the Negro righttovote drive When you deny anyone their reedom you deny heir freedom Reuther said He spoke to a crowd of Negro and white demonstrators behind police barricade on Sylvan treet SAME M
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