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Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 9, 1965, Mason City, Iowa Wallace has done it again Halts march Defies US By JAMES MARLOW AP News Analyst The newspaper that m a k e s a 11 North I o w a n s neighbors Home Edition VOL 105 MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY MARCH 9 1965 HOC Paper Consists of Two Associated rress Full Wires No 25 WASHINGTON AP Ala bamas segregationist governor George Wallace did it again Twice confronlcd with civil rights problems he went lo ex Ircmcs once wilh President Kennedy and now wilh Ihe Rev Dr Marlin Luther King Jr Bothtimes he brought nation al embarrassment on his stale He tried defiance with Kenne dy 11 was an empty gesture He couldnt win and he didnt He tried defiance again wilh King who planned a march of 4nO Negroes from Selma lo Montgomery 50 miles as a civil ri ghls dcmon slration T h e purpose when they reached M o ntgomcry was to petition Wallace lo re move obsta cles to the Ne groes right to vole in Ala bama T h e endproduct of Wallaces defi ance was a disgraceful brutal police chasing and healing of the shocked the nation Yet if Wallace bad used a liule shrewdness the march might have accomplished little Kings nonviolent expedition was lo be a gesture to enlist na lioal sympathy and attention The police action couldnt have won the Negroes more sympathy and attention if King had planned il He says he nev er expected what happened When he was sworn in as gov ernor in Wallace pledged segregation forever He knew he couldnt make good on it That would have meant defy ing the federal government and courts If he could get away wilh il anyone could and the result would be chaos Nevertheless when federal courts ordered the University of Alabama desegregated he put on a standing in the school house door act This was supposed to be de fiance of the court Kennedy called the Alabama National Guard into federal service and Wallace melted away Wallace had two choices when King announced the Sclma Monlgomery journey He could have permitted it and oven helped it or he could smash it with police swinging nightsticks He chose police and clubs About 10 Negroes were hurt Fifty miles add up lo a long march not lo be done in a day Before it started Wallace could have figured Long before Ihe Negro men and women reached Montgom ery heir ranks would have been thinned by dropouts And he could have deprived the marchers of drama by send ing along police nol to smash the march but to guide traffic along the highway and protect Negroes from segregationist at tacks King was supposed to lead the march but stayed in Atlanta an act which must Negroes particularly those who expected to sec him up front But he said he would lead a second march Tins thanks to Wallace and the police would be against a different back ground From several states scores of clergymen were in Alabama to take part in the second journey Several members of Congress expressed outrage over Sun days brutality with a South erner Sen Ralph Yarborough DIcx saying Shame on you George Wallace And outrage at this lime in Congress is bad news for segre gationists The Johnson administration heading Negroes demands is preparing to send Congress a voting bill to give Negroes far more access to the polls Perhaps the most disturbing reaction considering the source came from Roy Wilkins executive secretary of Ihe Na tional Association for the Ad vancement of Colored People which practices Ihe nonviolence King preaches He said he had asked Presi dent Johnson for troops if nec essary to protect Negroes in Alabama adding The terrible alternative would be the or of a Negro under ground to fight back And Monday night policemen had to drag and shove about a score of civil rights demonstra tors to get them away from out side the office of Ally Gen Nicholas in the Jus lice Department Theyhad re fused lo leave Ihe building after closing lime North Iowa Weather outlook Partly cloudy through Wed nesday A little colder Toes day night lows 1317 Highf Wednesday 3034 King defies march ban Leads hike despite court barLBJ appeal and troopers SELMA Ala Mar tin Luther King Jr declaring I must inarch led a massive throng of Negroes and scores of white clergymen from a church Tuesday for a highway pilgrimage in defiance of a court ban and a presidential ap peal The marchers streamed from he Browns Chapel Church shortly after p m walk ing in columns of twos There was no way to deter mine the number in the proces sion as it left the church But there were hundreds More than 2000 persons most of them Negroes had massed at the church King earlier had arrived at a church where the Negroes and scores of white clergymen were massed and announced he would lead a civil rights inarch to Montgomery in defiance of a federal courtorder and a presi dential appeal I will lead Ihe march King told a newsman He did not specify a highway march banned by a federal judge But an aide the Rev C T Vivian said Ihe march would be an al lemptcd renewal of a pilgrimage to the slale capital 50 miles away State troopers already had taken up positions across the Alabama River bridge where they clubbed marchers and bombarded them wilh tear gas grenades in breaking up a Sun day demonstration Five hundred helmeted and heavily armed troopers poured into the city earlier King reached the red brick Browns Chapel Church focal point of the Negro voter drive shortly after a member of his staff the Rev Andrew Young told newsmen the march would be attempted U S District Judge Frank M Johnson Jr had ordered the Negroes to refrain from under taking the pilgrimage until he decided constitutional issues President Johnson had called The picture in Selma MARTIN LUTHER KING JOINS IN RIGHTS MEETING SONG NORTHERN CLERGYMEN JAM NEGRO CHURCH FOR RIGHTS MEETING IN SELMA Viet Cong suffer one of worst defeats in war By MALCOLM W BROWNE SAIGON South Viet Nam AP Sonic 800 Viet Cong rc cruits direct from North Viet Nam and all armed with fine weapons smashed confidently at the mountain outpost of Kan nak early Monday and got one of the worst beatings Commu nist forces in the area have had in months Government officers claimed at least 100 of the enemy were killed This newsman counted 76 Viet Cong bodies Tuesday around the hilly perimeter of the camp and there probably were many more The Communist troops fought hard overrunning two smaller outposts a few hundred yards away They had some of Ihe best infantry weapons made by Communist China including rccoillcss cannon and the new Chinese armorpiercing rocket launcher But the Viet Cong troops were green and they were facing some of the toughest veterans in Viet Nam Most of the enemy dead ap peared lo have been in their late teens or early twenties Twenty two bodies were strewn close together in a patch of open ground in front of a gov ernment machinegun bunker that cut them all down Inside were about 400 irregu lar mountain troops their fami lies and nine American Special Forces men As the men fought their wom en reloaded ammunition maga xines unpacked and passed mortar shells and dressed wounds Thirtythree of the defenders were killed along with at least 10 members of their families Thirty other defenders and three of the Americans were wounded An arsenal of Communist weapons was captured It in cluded rccoillcss cannon six new Soviet designed rifles a Czech machine gun 40 sub machine guns and other weap ons One of the Americans inside the post when the attack began was M Sgt Clifford Brink 36 of Buffalo fnd We always keep one Ameri can on guard he said But this time it wasnt really neces sary When the first morlar shell landed we were all awake 11 landed right in front of the supply shack From then on it was fighting all the way The women were loading clips and right up there with their men f think these boys fought the way Ihey did partly because their families were with Ihcm Spec lC Steven Comerforcl 30 of Baltimore Md said he was asleep when il slartcd around am All of a sudden morlar rounds started coming in and f knew it wasnt a practice alert I put on my boots and made a run for our mortar pit I leaped in just as one round hit the sandbags around the pit Boy I tell you I was scared I thought Id had the course Just about that time Brink ran over to help me fire our mortar I could sec muzzle blasts from their 57 millimeter recoilfess I fired six quick rounds But one of their recoillcss knocked out the corner block house over there and killed everyone in it Frankly our people the mountaineer irregulars are ruthless Theyll kill any VC Viet Cong they find and they expect to be killed by the VC if theyre caught Meanwhile the landing of 3 500 Marines at Da Nang air base neared completion Four more planeloads of Marines came in Tuesday from Okinawa The picture in Viet Nam MARINE FALLS IN VIET SURF WELCOMED WITH FLOWERS IN VIET NAM SMILING MARINES VFEW VIET WELCOME Hughes approves of compromise on work law DES MOINES AP Gov Harold Hughes Tuesday en dorsed a bill introduced in the Iowa Senate by a labor leader Monday to modify the rightto work law It apparently ended the quar rel between Hughes and leaders of the Iowa Federation of Labor on Ihe issue Chief sponsor of the bill is Sen Jacob Mincks DOltumwa who is a vice president of the H Iowa Federation of Labor AFL CIO He said the federation would support it At a news conference Tues day Hughes was asked whether he considered the bill a compro mise He said he did but when asked where he gave ground lo achieve the compromise he voided a direct answer The governor indicated he supports the principles set out in Ihe various sections of Ihe bill but said he has not read it in final form and would not commit himself to defend Ihe specific wording of every sec lion The law duplicates federal regulations in prohibiling closed shop labor contracts which re quire union membership before hiring It also prohibits union shop contracts which allow that un ion membership be required aft er employment The Mincks measure would allow contracts requiring em ployes to join a union 30 ciays or more after hiring The bill also would restrict the power of courts to intervene in labor disputes and would create a board lo mediate labor differences Courts would be prohibited from issuing a restraining or der or injunction in a labor dis pute without notice and a hear ing unless there appeared to he a danger of substantial and ir reparable property damage without the order An order issued without no tice to parties involved and a hearing would be valid for only five days This presumably would allow time for a hearing and a hearing would be required for any subsequent order or in junction The governor would ppoinl with approval of twothirds of the Senate a threemember Io wa State Mediation and Concil iation Commission One mem ber would be chosen to rcpre HUGHES Continued on Ptgt 7 for calmness and respect for law and order The Presidents press secretary said the chief executive made clear he wanted obedience of the court order Civil rights leaders apparently decided on this strategy after President Johnson annnounced in Washington he had directed the Justice Department to join Negroes in a court move to bar police interference with demon strations Five hundred state rolled into this racial battle ground and stood by at an ar mory The commanding general of the Alabama National Guard arrived and said his troops wera on normal alert In Washington President Johnson deplored brutality in the Sunday march and an nounced he had directed Justice Department to join in a Negro petition for a court order barring police interference with demonstrations J o h nso n described the planned march as a right that the Negroes had but his press secretary George E Reedy made it clear the President wanted Kings group to obey the court order against the march This and other surging devel opments threw Alabamas ra cial struggle into uncertainty The court ban against tha march was issued at Montgom ery by US Dist Judge Frank Johnson Jr who set a hear ng for Thursday morning A Negro youth leader John Lewis left his hospital ted and went to Browns Chapel AME church focal point of the drive and vowed defiance of the judges order but later said a decision would have to be made by the local strategy board We have a constitutional right to march he snouted to the mass of Negroes and a large number of white clergymen from throughout the nation Lewis Alabamaborn national chairman of the Student Nonvi olent Coordinating Committee was injured in Sundays at tempted march This is just another example of the federal court violating the rights of the people Lewis said of the ban James Farmer head of ths Congress of Racial Equality said he was disappointed in the order He said he would be in the march if it came off Driving by the church earlier was Maj Gen Alfred C Harri son commander of the Ala bama National Guard who said his men were ready if needed The federal judge requested by Negroes to bar police inter ference said he needed an op portunity to make a judicial determination as to the respec tive rights of the parlies in this case The helmeted state troopers traveling in more than 150 blue and gray patrol cars sped into Ihe city of 30000 from the state capital where they assembled Monday night They were still under orders to stop the Negro march While awaiting action by the Negroes the troopers stood by at a National Guard armory on the western edge of Selma It was the greatest force of the club carrying troopers since Gov George C Wallaces stand in the doorway at the Univer sity of Alabama in 1963 in a fu MARCH Continued on 1 Inside The Globe Editorials A Clear Lake news 5 Mason City newt 8918 Latest markets 9 Comics 10 North Iowa news 12 Sports news 1314 Society news 1SU Farm news 17 Classified pages 1119 SAME
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