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Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 4, 1965, Mason City, Iowa Opinion page Big job for Iowa Legislature Why dont you see America first IT WAS anticipated before the Iowa Legislature convened on Jan 11 that the influence of Gov Har old E Hughes would be great A quick review of legislative action up to recess time confirms this estimate This was a largely inexperi enced legislature particularly in the House transformed from Re publican to Democratic control It was no wonder then that legisla tors looked to the governor for leadership The governor has made head way on some of the programs and projects he has sought For instance antisecrecy steps were approved in the legislative process Capital punishment was repealed The Iowa Highway Pa trol has been strengthened And steps have been taken toward statewide daylight saving time and greater appointive power for the governors office There have been some prickly exchanges between the governor and Democratic legislators and supporters over the righttowork law amendment vs repeal and the extent that his appointive powers should go but no serious rupture to date What lies ahead The legislators now have seven weeks of experience behind them They will feel more sure of them selves when they return to the session next week and face the really important issues reappor tionment aid to education the budget taxation and labor legis lation The task is large It could eas ily require the longest legislative session in history breaking the 127day record set in 1963 Need for new conflict law THE RESIGNATION of Edgar S Gage from the Mason City Plan ning and Zoning Commission de prives the community of a valued member of that group at a crucial point in the citys planning for the future It also demonstrates the need for a new conflictofinterest law to do away with ambiguities that now exist Gage didnt want to resign but did so out of respect for an at torney generals opinion that mem bers of city planning commissions are subject to the conflictofinter est statutes in Iowa The attorney general believes commission members qualify as officers of the city In the opin ion the attorney general confined himself to his interpretation of the law not its wisdom We are in a position to ques tion that wisdom however and find it less than adequate This is another instance where a new conflictofinterest law now being prepared for submission by the League of Iowa Municipalities can define terms and situations so both individuals and communities will know where they stand His wish is their command AS PART of the administra tion program to stem the outward flow of Treasury gold President Johnson appealed to vacationers to See America First not spend their money abroad Its difficult to say just how much effect this plea will have on Americans in general but there was an almost immediate response right in Washington Two over seas vacation flights chartered by State Department employes were canceled after a flurry of telephone calls A press service said the disap pointed employes were takingthe decision with candor claiming that it is just another case of the Presi dent sneezing and their bosses catching pneumonia Executive pneumonia that is Editorial of the day Dont tax Blue Cross Davenport TimMDcmocrat The Iowa Legislature is considering a proposal to subject the Blue Cross and Blue Shield nonprofit health insurance to the states two per cent insurance premium tax That would be an unwise move These organizations are now having hard time keeping their premiums down in the face of everrising costs Blue Cross and Blue Shield are carried by many firms on their workers and are continued by many older persons whose costs run high Look out below Youngsters are more punctual at school than a generation ago They have to be or they wont get a parking space An executive is a person who can take two hours for lunch and not have anybody miss him The position in which you are least likely to succeed is a reclining one Memo to motorists Better to stop at the railroad crossing than at the grave yard GLOBEGAZETTE A LEE NEWSPAPER Issued Every Week Day by the LEE ENTERPRISES INC Washington NW 4234270 Second Clan Postage Paid at Masoo City Iowa LEE P LOOMIS Publisher 19251962 RAY N BORICK PnbHsher nOBERT H SPIEGEL Editor THOR J JENSEN Manaeinjj Editor KLN E BERG Associate Editor OONN E WHITE Asst Bus MB KKNNETH W CAREY Met Adv Mfir MAUDE STACKHOUSE Nat Adv Mgr I W HILLSTROM Circulation Mcr C J EGGERT Comp Rm SupL REUBEN W SWEHLA Pressrm Supt Thursday March 4 W5 MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS which Is ex clusively entitled to use for republlcatioa of all local news printed In this newspaper well as all AP news dispatches SUBSCRIPTION RATES Home Edition By earner In the Mason CityClear Lake area One week 45 One year J2340 Edition By maij or carrier in towns other than Mason City or Clear Lake area GlobeGazette carder service available week40 year 120BO North Iowa Edition By on RFD routes within 100 miles of Mason Cltyi One year I months 7 M Oullid 100 Mile ZOM year 12000 Six months 1050 In these days when medical and hos pital care for the aged is an increasing national problem it is bad lo take steps that would increase health insurance costs The tax would net about in additional state revenues Better ways can be found of raising that amount than by levying a tax on Blue Cross and Blue Shield that would be indirectly a tax on hospital and med ical services Taxing such essential serv ices is just not good public policy Remember What athletics teaches Osage PressNews When the day comes that we can treat each other in our schools in our churches in our courts in our business places in our voting booths and in our system of eco nomics as we have proven we can treat each other in the realm of high school athletics we will have achieved brother hood in our hearts Iowa must move ahead Burlington HawkEye We are con vinced that Iowa now has the resources the ideals and the leadership to move boldly and failure to do so can onlv mean the drain of those resources ideals and leadership from the state Pros and cons 10 years ago Grafton Hugo Boesct who recently flew to Hamburg Germany will visit his 86yearold father three brothers and two sisters none of whom he has seen since he came to the United Slates 27 years ago 20 years ago Iowa Falls Ruby Wood daughter of Mr and Mrs William H Wood has been promoted from yeoman to chief petty officer in the WAVES making her the first WAVE lo achieve the chief petty officer rating on the base 30 years ago Forty years in Mason City will be celebrated by the William II Potts Jewelry store 12 East State Street Sat urday One show window will feature some of the first jewelry sold in the store 40 years ago Hanlontown Palma Grove a sen ior in the consolidated school here who won first place in humorous class in the preliminary state contest held in Plym outh had the highest grade of all the contestants 92 But it balks Parallel in 1954 A Viet conference By DON COOK New York Herald Tribune News Service PARIS Eleven years ago this week with the tempera tures near zero in a bitterly cold winter in West Berlin a re 1 u c t a n I John Foster Dulles bowed to pressure from France Britain and the Soviet Union and agreed to a conference on Asian problems in Geneva to open in April of 1954 Dulles had gone to Berlin to argue and debate the German and Austrian question with the Russians in one of the Big Four deepfreeze conferences of the Cold War The only practical result of the meeting was the agreement to meet again in Geneva in April Dulles was deeply opposed to the Geneva Conference for two reasons First it meant sitting at the same conference table with the Red Chinese and this was the time when the Republican China lobby completely dominated the State Departments Far East policy The second reason was that be believed that once the French got into a conference of Indo China they would agree to a compromise settlement which would turn new territory over to the Communists And so he fought and maneuvered in Ber lin in Februaryto avoid another meeting but in the end he had to give in The pressures against him were too great The IndoChina war was in its seventh year and French public opinion was demanding something more than optimistic government pronouncements of victory around the corner after more and more defeats The British with Anthony Eden in the active role of the middleman wanted a confer ence And above all the Rus sians wanted a conference be cause they sensed quite rightly that it could only result in a gain for the Communist Vict minh over the Vietnam And so John Foster Dulles went to Geneva in 1954 The experiences of 1954 in Geneva are at the root of every bodys thinking in the present situation The parallels arc oddly similar beginning with the fact that today it is the French the Russians and the British who want a conference and the Americans and the Chinese who are reluctant as was the case 11 years ago The paralicl slows down at that point but nobody can yet be too certain for how long In 1954 the Red Chinese were still largely dependent on the Soviet Union for economic aid and military assistance And Russian influence and direct in volvement in Viet Nam in the form of arms and political authority was quite strong More important in 1954 the French were doing the fighting on the Viet Nam side with the United States cheering them on with money and equipment and Dulles doing everything in his power to keep the fight going Today Red China and the United States are more or less eycballtocycball in Viet Nam with the Russians trying to re assert influence and control over the Communist side and the French trying to reassert their influence on behalf of the West So far the US docs lit tle more publicly than yawn John F Dulles Reluctant to talk politely at French efforts to get a new conference and the Chinese seem only to grunt in differently at Russian efforts to get a new conference But in South Viet Nam itself the military parallel between 1954 and 1965 is frightening and in the end it will be the military and political realities which will decide what happens just as events rather than ideologies decided the results of 1954 By the time the French ar rived at Geneva to negotiate the strongpoint of Dien Bicn Phu had turned out to be a trap in which the best fighting units of the Foreign Legion were cut off and waging a gal lant but hopeless action against the Viet Minn As an example of how military intelligence can go wrong in IndoChina the French suddenly found themselves at Dien Bien Phu facing eight times the entire amount of Communist heavy artillery pieces which they had previously identified in the whole of North Viet Nam It has been brought in from China over jungle trails and secretly mounted on the heights around Dien Bien Phu for the final surprise attack After the defeat at Dien Bien Phu what were the cards with which the French could play in an armistice negotiation It looked as if the whole of Indo China was going under Pierre MendcsFrance came to power in Paris and boldly announced that if he did not get an armistice agreement in one month he would quit But he made two other moves at the same time He coupled his deadline with a declaration that if be failed in the armistice negotiation his last act as premier would be to propose that French army con scripts be sent to IndoChina and make the matter a vote of confidence so that he could turn over to his successor a commitment to enlarge the war and strengthen the effort And at the same time before returning to Geneva to begin negotiating he sent additional reinforcements of French reg ulars to Hanoi as proof that he meant business cither for peace or for war The choice was up to the Communist side The local situation in South Viet Nam has in fact deter iorated far more than the posi tion from which the French negotiated in 1954 But the ex perience of that negotiation pro duces some seemingly contra dictory advice from French politicians and diplomats who were on the scene at that time They are urging negotiation and a new Geneva Conference But they are also saying that the only way to get a negotia tion will be for the United States to land a division of marines or some such force in Saigon The choice they argue is continued political and military deterioration or a r m to parley U S panorama No read it again PHOENIX Ariz AP The announcement from the Camel back office of the Arizona Bank was quite clear We need the money Help us relieve the nationwide coin shortage Well give you a crisp bill and a mintcondition Ken nedy halfdollar for worth of change Well also give you a chance to win a savings ac count The response was phenom enal Seven hundred persons brought in a total of in change Broken piggy banks empty tin boxes and bleach bot tles decorated the lobby of the bank One person brought in a glass jar with 43 pounds of dimes that counted out lo Many participants failed to read the notice carefully They were under the mistaken notion that Ihe bank planned to pay them for in coins However nobody walked out in a huff and most look their Need reform in Congress By ROSCOE DRUMMONO WASHINGTON President Johnsons success with Congress has a serious liability The President is making Congress look better than it is This is endangering a crucially needed congressional reform a thorough overhaul of outdated machinery with which Congress transacts and often fails to transact the public business From 1949 lo 1964 through the administrations of Presi dents Truman Eisenhower and Kennedy Congress crept and Roscoe Drummond crawled through one session after another doing little things speedily and much of the time neglecting the big issues It did one thing boldly It created the Hoover Commission to modernize the executive branch of the government It did another thing typically It refused to take any step to modernize itself It is true that Congress put on a notable spurt of activity last year and that much if not most of Johnsons present legislative program is likely to fare well this year But does this mean that the need for congressional reform is removed because one espe cially skillful President is good nt stimulating action on Capitol Hill There are two reasons why the answer is no Congress has a duty to itself to be able to do its job by it self no matter who is in the White House Congress has lost a great deal of public confi dence in recent years and it will not regain that confidence by being able to act only at the initiative and proddiug of Lyn don Johnson Further the nonlegislative demands upon members of Con gress are terribly out of hand To Your Health Senators spend more time con firming thousands of postmas ters in every city town and hr mlet than they spend onmany important bills One senator had to review 600 applicants from his state for admission to he military academics And few members of Congress have the staff needed to handle the mounting mail from their constituents a twoway conversation that ought to be kept open v Congressmen know that the machinery of Congress needs to be brought into the second half of the 20th century Sen Mike Monroncy DOkla who was coauthor of the La FollelleMonroney Reorganiza tion Act of 194G is sponoring a resolution to set up a joint SenateHouse committee to pro pose measures to modernize Congress Sen Clifford Case RNJ and Sen Joseph Clark DPa arc urging that Congress apply to itself the same approach it took t o w a r d the executive branch when it created the Hoover Commission While the lUonroney resolution would limit the study group of congressional reform to congressmen the CaseClark resolution would also call on experts from outside Congress and provide a broader scope of inquiry Actually Congress is only being asked to study reforms to help it do its job belter It needs to do so badly Its workload is out of balance Its committees do not have adequate staff at many points the staff is misused by the majority party and the minority party is denied adequate staff Congress is never in a position to take a total look at the budget It examines revenue and appropriations in separate compartments and never looks at them jointly Congress has a high old time checking up on postal snoop ing but doesnt take time to consider the studies of its own agency the General Account ing into the wayward government spending You would think that Con gress so eager to reform every body else might take a little time to look into the mirror Fetal heartbeat By DR JOSEPH MOLNER At what month of preg nancy can a doctor hear the babys heartbeat At what month would I feel quicken ing If 1 know the date I con ceived could 1 also tell the date the baby will be Mrs MD The fetal heartbeat usually can be heard from about the 15th to 20th week It varies somewhat Active movements of the baby are noticed at about the fifth month Sometimes mild pressure on Ihe abdomen may provoke movements after the fourth month Knowing the date of concep tion permits an approximate date of when the baby will be born You can figure it out lo the exact day theoretically but Nature refuses to operate on such a rigid timetable It is quite normal Jor the baby to be as much as two weeks early or late and in some cases perfectly healthy babies are horn even farther off schedule I enclose 10 cents in coin and a long stamped selfad dressed envelope for your booklet How to Control Emphysema Is this disease form of slowgrowing can cer IBW No It has nothing In do with cancer at all Is surgery advisable for glaucoma Would ones eyes be good afterwards Mrs RW Glaucoma is a gradual in crease in pressure inside the eyeballs If allowed to continue it gradually causes permanent vicinal case The usual practice if glaucoma has not become too advanced is to employ more conservative treatment first Use of drops proper diet ade quate rest and other measures to reduce stress If that does not succeed suf ficiently then it is lime to re sort to surgery A small vent is made to relieve the excess pres sure The eyeballs except that the interior pressure is reduced remain essentially the same I have constant gas attacks some so severe that I must stay in bed They draw me up double What would cause this Would you advise seeing W Most certainly consult a doc tor You have severe abdomi nal pain Whether this is caused by gas is doubtful There is a long list of possible causes of such pain Gas attacks is a term used too often for disor ders that are not caused by can and should be cor rected NOTE TO MRS CC Edema for excess fluid in the tissues is a result of sonic other condi tion It may or may not he a serious sign Heart and kidney troubles arc often the cause Wilh women it sometimes comes on periodically with menstruation GIVE US A BRAKE Investing When to rent for cash gain By SAM SHULSKY P We are retired on incoma of about a month I am 7 years older than my wife Wo have assets of about immediate heirs Should we sell our home rent an apart ment for about and then use some of our assets to travel At what rate would it he safe to cut into capital if we dont care to leave an estate A What you are describing is an annuity This is only con tract which can guarantee you an income for life by cutting into capital and still protect you against ever running outof money Discuss actual contracts wilh a life insurance company or with a religious or charitable institution if you want to help such an I would guess that you could get a monthly income of about a month for long as eitlur of you lives This added to your present income would givo you a total of monthly as sured for life If you are making a choice of living quarters chiefly on Ihe basis of finances Id vote for the if you want the freedom to travel A house must cost you more than a month to sup port The income value of the invested alone is about a month Q I was recently widowed at age 55 My insurance agent tells me that if I leave with the company I can count on monthly income of a month for the rest of my life How ever the money would be be yond my reach 1 am looking for work because I will not have enough to live on A The figures sound about right And so is his warning that the money will be beyond vour reach In fact once you start drawing on a lifetime annuity contract you actually have no money to reach bill instead a lifetime income contract guar anteed by the company The decison is a tough one The income is generous You couldnt gel that much from any investment with the same amount of safety However offsetting this is the fact that you will leave no estate annuity offers no chance for growth of capital and no means of offsetting inflation You are still a young woman In 10 years that a month may not buy as much as it will today Id favor holding off a while on this least until you see how employment pros pects work out It may be that if you can get by you will ha money ahead in the long run by putting the funds into savings of at a lower yield and turning to annuities later if you like when monthly income will be higher and when the years ahead of you in which to worry about inflation will he fewer To RADIOTV STATIONS for their assistance in keeping the public posted on cancella tions caused by the weather This is a valued public scrvica that the electronics media can perform best disappointment in good spirit damage and ultimately blind when terms were explained and ness Whether surgery is advisable Try and Stop Me by Cerf A I a inNew Jcrsey Called in a lackadaisical maid to complain The walls in this joint accepted an even cash exchange for their coins depends entirely on the indi BC by Johnny Hart THE IS THAT SUPPOSED To Be BEATS ME ALUI KNOW m tvQ j are the windows A celebrated bfggame hunter has the right wall of his study covered with the mounted beads of tigers rhinos and leopards but on the opposite wall there Is just the head of one insig nificant pigeon his longsuffering wife There was this one unfor gettable day when the big1 lug lost his nerve Sam HimmeU was trylnp to explain to a waiter in a
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