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Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 25, 1965, Mason City, Iowa cheating common The newspaper that makes all North lowans neighbors 37 of all students do it BY TERRY FERRER York Herald Tribune News Service NEW recent Air Force Academy cheating scan dal startled the country How can 100 or more students who have pledged to follow an honoi code even academically su perior students cheat on an ex animation and even pay for the answers to do so Cheating at the Air Force Academy was doubly shocking to the public since the academy is designed to train the coun trys military leaders of the fu ture But what the public does not realize is the fantastic amount of cheating that goes on at all the nations campuses By con trast the Air Force Academy was in terms of numbers a minor offender A new nationwide study of col lege cheating states flatly that 55 per cent of college students that figure may be even higher If the public doesnt know this fact neither do college administrators nor most students The survey showed that cheating was three times as prevalent as college deans believed and occurs twice as often as students believe it does The twoyear study based on a survey of 600 deans and al most 6000 students at 99 col leges was prepared by William J Bowers for the Bureau of Ap plied Social Research at Co lumbia University and supported by a grant from the U S Office of Education In an interview Bowers point er out that even if the number of students involved at the Air force Academy had gone up to 150 this is still only 5 per cent of the students enrolled there This is a much lower proportion than one would expect to find in any college And remember every one of the 99 colleges I studied had cheaters It is true Bowers con tinued that the survey showed that schools af high quality and selectivity who place the prob lem of cheating in the hands of students through an honor sys tem have lower levels of cheat ing You might think that the honors system didnt work at the Air Force Academy But it was the students themselves who uncovered the incident of the stolen key to the cabinet containing test answers And it was the students themselves who reported the incident The honors system is effective in catching cheaters Bowers survey showed that 74 per cent of those who hold athletic scholarships cheat a particulary high proportion while 45 per cent of students whose scholarships were based on academic ability cheat too Further some 37 per cent of all A students cheat Further Bowers found Stu dents college peers have a powerful effect on their cheat ing behavior Students whose fellow students strongly disap prove of cheating are not as likely to engage in academic dishonesty as those who be lieve that their peers are more tolerant of cheating Bower ranks this factor as the No 1 indicator of the rate of college cheating Bowers found only a small proportion of those who cheat are ever caught and punished even though the rate of cheat ing increases from freshman to Home Edition VOL 105 MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY FEBRUARY 2S WS This Paper Consists of Two Associated Press Full No IS New jab at Reds in U Starting date snag Fast time passes Find bill has DES MO1NES UTi The Iowa Senate turned up Thurs day with a flaw in the bill it passed to establish daylight saving time in Iowa from the fourth Sunday in April until the day after Labor Day Some senators feared that in the maneuvering on final passage Wednesday an amendment left in could cause a drastic change in certain years When the bill was taken up Tuesday it called for daylight saving time to begin on Me to in morial Day An attempt start on the last Sunday April was voted down The Senate then adopted by voice vote an amendment by Sen Daryl Nims DAmes to provide that if Memorial Day falls on Sunday as it does this year daylight saving time will begin the previous Saturday Nims said he want ed to keep the time uniform through the weekend Proposals to let border cities adjust their clocks to match those in neighboring states resulted in delaying the measure until Wednesday By Wednesday enough sen ators had agreed on the bill to secure its passage They reconsidered Tuesdays action amended the bill to start day light saving time the fourth Sunday in April and passed it 3818 Apparently few if any sen ators noted until late Wednes day that the Nims amend ment never was withdrawn Some commented that the measure as passed might make the time change on the Saturday before Memorial Day in years when Memorial Day is on Sunday and on the last Sunday in April in other years The House could remove the amendment and send the bill back to the upper chamber for second approval There was a possibility that the Senate might attempt to re call the measure The bill also was being studied to see whether it might not achieve its aims as is even if the Nims amendment is un touched KOREAN TROOPS IN VIET NAM The first contingent of South Korean troops who will help South Viet Nam in its war against the Viet Cong land at Saigon Between 700 and 1000 Korean sol Photofax clieis in battle gear disembarked from landing ships With the landing Korea became the first country other than the US to commit a substantial number of men to the conflict against the Viet Cong n troops land in V N Photofax SEPARATED SIAMESE TWINS Texas Chil drens Hospital nurse Pat Hazelrigg holds the sep arated Webber twins Karen Marie left and Kim berly Marie for the first official hospital picture re lease The twins were joined from the chest to navel at their birth Dec 8 They were separated Feb 16 in a fiveanclonehalf hour operation They are the children of Mr and Mrs John Webber of Bay City Texas Now nine days after their separation both are recovering at Texas Childrens Hospital Clinical Research Center LBJ vote target Tests registrars WASHINGTON AP Thcl The administration proposal Conflict statement is signed Barry agrees I to Senate wish DES M 0 1 N E S Robert iBarry of Danbury promised the ilowa Senate Thursday he would I avoid conflict of interest situa tions if confirmed as a member SAIGON AP Three land ing craft brought COO Korean troops in battle gear to Saigon Thursday for noncombat duty The rest of a 2000man detach ment is due in the next few days Korea thus became the first foreign country other than the made to this goviWcdnesday that complete imiand supply of the guerrillas IHdUC lino fow j lfnm mltsHp Smith Vlfit Nam that has eminent President Johnson is known to feel that at this stage there is no evidence that the Chinese and North Vietnamese Commu nists are interested in serious of the Ision i His moved Slate Highway Commis scnior years How can cheating be checked Bowers believes the college must provide the atmos phcre which discourages cheat ing The whole question of ac ademic dishonesty should be discussed and worked out jointly with students faculties and administrators Incidents like thct at the Air Force Acad focus awareness and con on the subject and pave Johnson administration is nar owing its planned voting legis lation to two key proposals a ocalized moratorium on litera cy tests and the limited use of federal registrars Informed sources reporting this Thursday said a constitu tional amendment while still under active consideration is likely to be shelved for the time being Some key administration offi as now envisioned would seek a legislative finding that literacy tests have been used in viola tion of the 15th Amendment to discriminate against Negroes Where statistics showed a per centage of voters below pre jections to Democratic Gov Harold Hughes appointment o Barry to a term ending June 30 action Senate apparently Republican re ob uuuliLiy uiini United States to commit a sub jstantial number of troops to the war against the Communist Viet Cong Korea already has sever al surgical teams and several special advisory groups in Viet Mam Elsewhere on the Viet Nam scene the White House says il is not engaged in any negotia tions for a Viet Nam settlement and that no one has been author ized to negotiate in behalf of the United States George E Reedy presidential press secretary made these points Wednesday after UN SecretaryGeneral U Thant said in New York that he had made talks on Viet Nam Red Chinese mediate and unconditional US withdrawal is Pekings price for negotiations US officials give two condi tions for any talks on Viet Nam An end to attacks by the Com munist Viet Cong and a cessa Premier Chou Enlai saidtion of subversion infiltration 1967 New bombs in Viet Nam Barry 43 who had an interim appointment to the commission said in a telegram to Hughes government could prohibit the use of literacy tests for a speci fied number of years ccrn cials believe the only thorough solution to the voting problem is Lcni un the way for action he says sweeping constitutional miclamendment that not only would disban literacy tests but guarantee ln nrlnno nf HOC vuhn Bowers finds that that not only would dishonesty is especially ttirbing because all colleges are the vote to anyone of age who is has to dishonesty after will do so among college it the more of sound mind and never responsible for selecting convictcd of a felony most able and promising mem administration is un hers of the younger generation and preparing them to become the future leaders of society And he fears to t h e extent that dishonesty in college leads prominent members of society and perhaps through their in fluence and example spread in society at large North Iowa Weather outlook Generally fair through Fri day Diminishing winds Thurs day night lows xero to I above Warmer Friday with light westerly winds highs 25 30 Weather Details On Pago 5 der considerable pressure from civil rights leaders and congres sional liberals to push for im mediate legislation that would affect the 1966 elections An amendment one sourc said would be lucky to pass publican leader Sen Robert Rigler of New Hampton I hereby notify all members As for federal registrars the Iowa Senate that I will law as contemplated by its I not engage m any business sponsors would provide for aifansaction that will be a con local federal official such as id of interest with the posi the postmaster to register Ne groes or other minority groups when a certain number of that group complained to him that they have been turned away by ocal registrars He could if necessary follow through on election day and accept their ballots concrete proposals aimed at a negotiated settlement of the Vietnamese war France and the Soviet Union are also seek ing such an agreement But Reedy said 1 know of no specific proposal for negotiation SAIGON South AP US Air Viet Nam Force jets bearing secret antipersonnel weapons blasted Viet Cong am Wednesday added punch to the from outside South Viet Nam And Reedy noted This matava ter would be terminated very ty quickly if aggressors would cease their aggressions The US position appeared to be that in the absence of rea hopes for negotiations now th antiCommunist position snoul be strengthened as much a possible with an eye toward talks sometime in the future This was underscored by the news from South Viet Nam that Americanmanned jet bombers had taken part in several raids on Viet Cong positions in the cey central region of South Viet Nam This broadening of the US ole in a land where some 24 00 American personnel are Indicted again by jury Party failed to register WASHINGTON AP A fed al grand jury reindicted the S Communist party Thursday r failing to register as a Com unistaVtion organization In an attempt to avoid a pit all that led to a Court of Ap eals reversal of a previous arty conviction on the same harge the grand jury specifi ally charged that the party ailed to register even though it was aware that a person was available and willing to register on behalf of the party The new indictment says the party had knowledge of the dentity and availability of someone willing to sign the reg stration form and statement for and on behalf of the said de fendant Atty Gen Nicholas Katzen back said the indictment re turned in US District Court here charges the parly with failing to register on each of the 11 days from Feb 13 to Feb 23 I A 12th count charges that the party failed to file the re quired supplementary registra tion statement including a list of the names of members their aliases and addresses a list of printing presses and reproduc tion equipment controlled by the party and a financial account ing of all money received and spent The party was named in a 12 count indictment Dec 1 1961 and convicted a year later on all counts It was sentenced to pay a fine However the Court of Ap peals reversed the conviction ruling that the government had the burden of proving that a willing volunteer unafraid of possible selfincrimination was available to register for the par air warfare waged jointly that with had been slower pro pellcrdriven planes and heli copters by Americans and Viet functioning officially as advis ers to South Vietnamese forces was described by State Department as in bush positions north and cast of namesc Saigon Thursday and there were Tne bombing and shelling eas exultation among the crewmen ot Saigon along a road near th long on the sidelines Now we have shown coastal town of Ham Tan i thcnrPhuoc Tuy Province presuma bly was taking a heavy toll o lion of Iowa state highway com missioner Earlier Thursday Hughes crit icizcd Senate Republicans for an auto and wanting Barry BARRY i Continued on Page 3 what we can do said Lt ert Calbreath of San Diego Communist forces But prelim ICalif the navigatorbombardier nary reports said the govern of a B57 Canberra after dumpjment troops had suffered nearl ling 5000 pounds of high exploilOO casualties 10 killed 1 sives on guerrilla positions in a wounded and 58 missing ijungle 70 miles cast of the capil The Americans declined lal Heavy fighting surged on there and in the central high jlands where Viet Cong bands about the equipment whic makes the jets more effective strikes at scattered grounc forces But loading of sma The court ruled that the gov ernment had not met this test in its prosecution and the Su preme Court refused to review its decision The Appeals Court ordered the District Court to grant a new trial at the request of the government The retrial of the old indictment is scheduled for March 15 Salingers to divorce BEVERLY HILLS Calif Wi 3 1 the ac cordance with the governments slated policy of continuous ac tion that is appropriate fitting and measured As for economic aid Washing ton authorities said the Saigon government must take the of fensive if American economic support is to serve a useful pur pose Former Sen confirmed a Pierre Salinger published report One aid official said some South Vietnamese village lead ers under threat of death from Communist guerrilla lead ers have been forced to share Thursday that he and his wife will get a divorce Mr Salinger confirms the re port but has no further com ment his secretary said The Washington Evening Star jported the pending divorce hursday saying Mrs Salinger nil file suit early next month n some state which permits di orce on grounds of incompat bility or mental cruelty It uoted friends of the couple as aying relations between them ave been strained because of iivergent interests with Mrs alinger a talented artist dis claw at the narrow waist of Viet bombs within a single casing Nam ihas been a recent development The freeing of US B57 bombJThe casing opens after being their US aid Cong He cited Flat Means Traffic n Pas 1 ers and F100 fighterbombers for action within South Viet Nam officially disclosed dropped and sets off a string of explosions more than 100 feet long with the Viel an example oi the Viet Cong leaving a receipt for goods seized from a village chieftain so he could account to aid authorities and not be ac cused of corruption Congress and the required 36 state legislatures by the end of the decade i The consensus of Justice De partment officials is that the abolition of literacy tests now required in in states would re quire a constitutional amendj mcnl The plan being prepared1 for Johnsons consideration would attack the test problem while circumventing the delay ing tactics available to any state officials who try to avoid compliance with earlier civil rights laws aimed at making good the right to vote Crisis looms New steel election may be ordered MIAMI BEACH Fla AP Informed labor sources predict ed Thursday there was a good chance that the government will order a new election in the fight for the presidency of the United Steel Workers Union The Labor Department is watching the tabulation of votes in the contest between President David J McDonald and the un ions secretarytreasurer 1 W Abel Highly placed labor sources here for the AFLCIO Executive Council meeting said if the fi nal outcome is within a few thousand votes the Landrum Griffin Act is likely to be in voked to order a new election The Labor Department has ordered numerous new votes in contested local union elections but such an order in tlie million member steelworkers union would be the first involving a major international union The sources based their pre diction on past Labor Depart ment policy in contested union elections Government officials are anx ious to get the steelworkcrs election settled before a possible strike crisis builds up in the in dustry which could send eco nomic shock waves through the entire economy AFLCIO President George Meany has urged the steel workcrs to extend the contracts due to expire May 1 to make up for time lost in the election bat tle Steel contract negotiations have been suspended for several months pending the outcome of the election Now with the threat of court action and the possibility of gov crtiment intervention many sources feel a steel crisis looms even larger Sources close lo the steel workers said if the government finds enough evidence to sup port vote challenges McDonald and Abel would probably agree to a new election supervised by the Labor Department The vote tabulation has been under way in Pittsburgh since Monday iking her husbands political ac ivities Mrs Salinger who inued to reside at has con suburban ake Barcorft Va could not e reached immediately for comment on the report Virginia recognizes only adultery or de sertion as grounds for divorce Salinger who was press sec retary to the late President John F Kennedy and for a time to President Johnson was ap pointed to the Senate last year but was defeated in the Novem ber election He now is vice president of National General Corp and lives in Los Angeles They were married in 1957 On the inside Mason City 47 LatMt markets 7 Cub I fli Society 1MZ North Iowa news 14 Ctoar Lake U
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