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Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 24, 1965, Mason City, Iowa Suicide squads at work New effective weapon in Viet By PHAM XUAN AN New York Herald Tribune The newspaper that makes all North lowans neighbors Home Edition VOL 105 MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY FEBRUARY 1965 10c a Paper of Two One Associated Press Full Wires No 14 News Service series of mur derous Communist attacks on American billets in Viet Nam brought US forces facetoface with a daring deadly Red w e a p o squads of death volunteers against which few defenses are good It is feared the Reds now may be starting largescale use of death volunteers against the American defenses of South Viet Nam copying suicide ter ror and sabotage tactics which were used widely and effec tively against the French in the 194554 Indochina war Some Viet Cong rifles captured re cently have borne on their butts the inscription Death Volun teer for the Party The death volunteer lit eral translation of the Vietna mese phrase quyet is a product not only of Communist indoctrination but also of Viet namese tradition The Vietna mese are influenced by the Chi nese cultural teaching that this world is temporary but the dead pass into an everlasting glory hence one should face death stoically and heroically Vietnamese history gives sev eral examples of a mandarin who voluntarily died to save his king or of a soldier to save his general Vietnamese teen agers know well the saying to die in honor rather than to live in shame The Viet Cong have exploited this thinking to form their suicide squads and Bud dhist leaders used the same methods to induce Buddhist monks nuns and laity to burn themselves alive in political protests The Viet Cong give different names and assignments to their suicide squads At the regimen tal or battalion level there are demolition squads for re moving mines or barbedwire defenses There are also assault squads to spearhead attacks and assault propaganda squads whose members for example will enter a govern mentcontrolled area cut off the lights a theater jump onto the stage to deliver a speech and then flee The Communists indoctrinate their death volunteers in lec tures explaining that they are fighting patriotically for inde pendence and future peace Trainees are told of the hero ism of past volunteers notably the cotton boy who is said to have blown up a French am munition depot in Saigon by stuffing his clothes with gaso linesoaked cotton setting him self afire and throwing himself on a pile of TNT During the war against the French the Reds recruited the volunteers at mass meetings accompanied by propaganda lectures In some cases fathers urged their sons to become cotton boy s The first re cruits were often teenagers but through a system of compe tition and emulation the Com munists would then recruit adults including women The volunteers were bade farewell in torchlight ceremo nies with their families and relatives holding seats of honor The missions of the death volunteers were generally planned so that if possible they could escape and survive We know you are looking at death as lightly as the rosy down of chicken feathers but you are the cream of the coun try volunteers were told So after achieving your mission do your best to escape death in order to serve your people and your party more Some volunteers knew in ad vance of course that their missions would cost their lives In July 1951 for instance one Communist youth tucked a gre nade in his pocket clashed across a soccer field and threw his arms around the French commissioner for South Viet Nam Gen Charles Chanson He held the general till the gre Jets unleashed in Viet Over Viet Nam France Russ push negotiations PARIS fft France an nounced Wednesday it has agreed to work with the Soviet Union in pressing for an inter national conference to settle the conflict in Viet Nam The Soviet Union took the initiative in mak ing the proposal Diplomatic sources in Moscow said the Soviet Union would seek neutralization of South Vict Nam at such a conference a course France has advocated for North Viet Nam Cambodia and Laos as well President Johnson was said to be unconvinced that the Com munists arc ready for serious negotiations and he wants to retain flexibility of action both diplomatically and militarily Nevertheless US Ambassa dor John Moors Cabot met with Red Chinese Ambassador Wang Kuochuan in Warsaw Poland for an hour and 50 minutes and it was presumed the war in Viet Nam was discussed Neither would confirm this after the meeting broke up Information Minister Alain Peyrofiltc announced the French decision to cooperate with the Soviet Union on an in ternational conference Soviet Ambassador Sergei Vinogradov called at Elysee Palace for a 20minute discus sion Tuesday with President Charles de Gaulle and the ques tion then was discussed at the weekly Cabinet meeting Wed nesday morning Peyrefitte said Peyrefittc said that during the lalks Vinogradov proposed that the two governments work to gether to reestablish peace in Southeast Asia through an inter national conference De Gaulle was reported to have told Vinogradov that we are in favor of this goal In addition to his oral presen tation to De Gaulle Vinogradov left a memorandum of the So viet views A Soviet spokesman said Vinogradov told DC Gaulle the Kremlin was deeply worried VIET NAM Continued on Page 2 PhntoCax GUARDS DOT ROOF Policemen guard roof top of the Unity Funeral Home and an adjoining building in New Yorks Harlem The body of slain black nationalist leader Malcolm X went on public display at the funeral home during the day after a caller threatened to bomb the place Huge guard for Muslims CHICAGO Police alarmed by telephone threats on the life of Black Muslim leader Elijah Mu hammad stepped up security Wednesday for the sects convention in Chicago this weekend The calls to police came within a few hours of Bingo clears House 7642 vote on measure DES MOINES A pro posed constitutional amendmen to legalize bingo sponsored b religious charitable or veteran groups completed its first tri through the Iowa Lcgislatur Wednesday The House passed the meas ure 7642 Rep Lloyd Jacks DClin ton said the proposed amend ment only gives the people a chance to vote on whether they want to legalize bingo under certain circumstances It would be up to a future legislature to decide exactly what bingo is and the circumstances under which it can be played As constitutional amend each other Tuesday first warned We have ar zation for the AfroAmerican The caller also bomb had been nacle both exploded killing them Inside The Globe PLANS LAIDfor use of land at new high school site Page 21 Editorials 4 Society news 91011 ComicsH North Iowa news M Sports news 1711 Mason City news 2021 Clear Lake news 2223 of Malcolm fourstory Muslim North Iowa Weather outlook Fair to partly dowdy and continued e o t d Wednesday night and Thursday Lowt Wednesday night 311 below Highs Thursday in the avengers wrecked a mosque Five firemen and oni spectator were injured Tension mounted later whei the funeral parlor housing th body of Malcolm X the forme JBlack Muslim leader who wa assassinated Sunday in Ne York was the victim of a fals bomb threat The body went o display a few hours later Police reported little progres in their investigation of Ma colms slaying Officials com plained there was a barrier of silence among Malcolms fol lowers members of the organi om the Black onths ago Muslims 14 rived Muhammad will have unity Malcojm was suspended a lively convention The second caller who identi fied himself as John Henderson said 100 men were coming to Chicago from New York to kill Muhammad told police a planted in the Coliseum site of the convention which is expect ed to attract 6000 Black Mus lims Police said the caller indi cated the bomb was timed to explode Friday or Saturday when Muhammad is scheduled to address the convention Telephoned bomb threats awo haassed New York police anc reinforcements were ordered into Harlem in an attempt to prevent further violence Early Tuesday an explosion and fire believed to have been set by KKK threat after rites are unveiled ATLANTA public rela ons gesture by the grand drag n of the United Kians of Amer ca Inc was high treason and ould cost him his life says a ival Klan leader The gesture Two newsmen in ited to an initiation ceremony James R Venable leader of he National Association of Knights of the Ku Klux Kian aid Tuesday grand dragon Cal in Craig broke his sacred vows vhen he allowed newsmen from he Atlanta Constitution to wit ness an initiation ceremony Thursday night Craig explained that he al lowed the newsmen to attend as a public relations move to improve our image Venabic reported that his or ganization was preparing a res olution seeking to banish Craig and his superior imperial wiz ard Robert Shelton from the in visible empire Craig is subject to be in dieted by the Klan and he could be executed ment the measure must be sub mitted to the 1967 legislature foi consideration If approved two years from now the proposa wili go to the people for their approval or rejection Rep Charles Grassley R New Hartford said that pass ing the measure would be lik the camel sticking his nos under a tent and in the dark ness as you peer out you car see a threeeyed monster monster of sin corruption an moral degradation Sponsors of the amendment Grassley said argue that a litll bit of gambling is all right Bu he said in my book there isn such a thing as a little bit o gambling any more than ther is a little bit of drug addiction Grassley cited the case o Great Britain which he said i 1959 legalized bingo thinking was only licensing a game pop ular in church bazaars But h said five years later it wa found that there were commer cial bingo clubs in which British people were spending mil lion a year I cant vote for a bill Grassley said that would al low the church to sin and the sinners not to gamble This bill would allow Billy Graham to gamble but would not allow BEGINS German President Walter Ulbricht left and Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser wave io crowds after Ulbricht arrived in Cairo for the beginning of a oneweek visit to the In touchy Egypt visit Photolax United Arab Republic The visit of the East German Communist boss could lead to a diplomatic breach be tween West Germany and much of the Arab world Ulbricht cheered CAIRO AP East German President Walter Ulbricht was welcomed Wednesday by Presi dent Gamal Abdel Nasser on a East German flags fluttered over Cairo and the emblem of the Communist regime dec orated the Cairo railroad sta tion visit that could lead to a diplo ftasser scheduled a banquet matic break between West Ger many and much of the Arab world A 21gun salute boomed out as Ulbrichts train rolled into Wednesday night in Ulbrichts honor Official talks between the two leaders start Thursday Ulbrichts schedule calls for mce and the Shebin El Kom tcx iles center built by the East Germans The West German govern ment had implied it would break off diplomatic relations with Nassers United Arab Re public if Ulbricht was received as a head of stale Bonn also threatened to cut off its mul timilliondollar economic aid i j l ijl I u 111 o it a in i f i f Cairos flagbedecked stationlhree formal conferences in Egypl w fum f i i ri I from Alexandria where he had landed earlier in the day The shouts of greeting rcvcr rated in the glassroofed sta on as Ulbricht descended from he train and shook hands with Mickey Cohen to play Graham is a distinguished evangelist and Cohen is a no torious gambler Rep John Duffy DDubuque said bingo is being played now nd if we let people vote on whether as harmless innocuous game as bingo can be legally jlayed we will be doing the eople a service He said a lot of women es pecially those of middle age ind a bingo game at their par sh church their only escape from their household chores He was joined in support o the bill by Rep Robert Clap saddle DMason City who sai that if you want to know how people feel about playing bing you have only to get in your ca and drive to Albert Lea or Au tin Minn and find literall hundreds of Iowa people enjoy BINGO Continued on 2 Nasser two official banquets speeches and trips to the Aswan Dam Luxor Liberation Prov asser the welcoming cere Nasser and the East Nasser countered with charges that Bonn was secretly upplying arms to Israel arch First strikes in south Americans are at the controls SAIGON South Viet Nam AP The United States has unleashed jet planes for the first time against the Viet Cong in South Viet Nam a US Embas sy spokesman announced Wed nesday They have made several strikes in the last six days B57 medium bombers and F10U fighterbombers with Americans manning both flight controls and the weapons joined the air war previously carried on by armed helicopters and propellerdriven planes handled jointly by Americans and Vietnamese The spokesman said the deci ion was in keeping with the announced United States policy of providing maximum assist ance to the government of South Viet Nam in its efforts to repel he Communist aggression di rected and supported by the Ha noi regime The first strike was made last Thursday against Red guerrillas holding a mountain pass near An Khe in the central highlands Battles between powerful Viet Cong units and government out fits continued sweeping across mountainous Binh Dinh Prov ince Wednesday with a rapidly rising causualty toll In the past three days of fighting in that northern prov ince the Americans alone havs lost two killed and nine wound ed Vietnamese casualties on both sides are estimated in tha hundreds Most of the fighting is in steep valleys where roads furnish the main communications routes for government forces Many US officials feel the action in Binh Dinh and the neighboring provinces of Phu Yen and Quang Ngai has en tered a phase the Communists describe as mobile warfare the use of large Communist units in patterns somewhere between guerrilla and conven tional warfare This type of fighting charac terized the final phase of fighting between France and the Communists in the Indochina war which the Communists won A report from Da Nang 380 miles northeast of Saigon said a Vietnamese government force routed a Viet Cong unit five miles south of the Da Nang base ncmy of the Arab world West Germany suspended its arms shipments but when that pro voked an outcry in Israel and he United Stales it offered to supply million in lieu of the undelivered arms Egypt said runway The report said five Viet Cong were killed and 11 captured The clash occurred at Yen Ne Nam along a river where the Viet Cong are digging trenches and building fortifications as that also constituted a hostile act Western diplomats here feared Ulbrichts visit would open a wedge for East Germany into the rest of the Arab world After monies erman Communist leader rode ast thousands of cheering gyptians to Kubbeh Palace nce the palace of exKing Far uk Kubbeh is used to receive istinguished visitors Ulbricht had received a tre mendous welcome to the United rab Republic in Alexandria earlier in the day Warships blew their sirens nd Sovietbuilt MIG fighters screamed overhead as Ulbricht Jescendcd the gangplank of the Cast German liner Voclkcr reundschaft in Alexandria for a greeting from Vice President rfassan Ibrahim Welcome Ulbricht and 11 concerns set for Willowbrook center Man of chanted masses of workers assembled along the waterfront Ulbricht and Ibrahim walked on a red carpet to the nearby railroad station and boarded a By CARL WRIGHT Signing of 10 more contracts for Willowbrook Plaza guaran tecs Mason City another large shopping center Located in western Mason City it amounts to another Iowa village sprung up almost overnight With a permanent population of 150 workers Willowbrook Plaza ia expected by developer Lcs Nelson to gross between and million during the first year of its existence The center is not competini with older established firms i Mason City according to Nc special train for Cairo where President Gamal Abdel Nasser had prepared a festive welcome for the East German Commu nist leader son It is creating a whole trade area to the southwest barely touched so far as it contribution to the business pic ture of Mason City he said When the centers first store empo held its grand opening ast November a large percenl ge of the cars on the parking ot were from this new area to he southwest Willowbrook Plaza has or vill open soon its own General store Super market Variety store Paint store Bank Gift and card shop Sidewalk cafe Doctors office Dentists office Beauty salon Barber shop Negotiations are under way for a drug store hardware store WILLCWBROOK Continued en Page 2 part of an apparent effort to close in on the base Another report from Da Nang said 15 elephants sighted in the area are believed to be part of a wild herd There had been spec ulation that the elephants wera being used by the guerrillas to move supplies and equipment A military spokesman said 550 Viet Cong were killed in opera tions last week against South Vietnamese losses of 210 dead Red Chinese US men meet WARSAW Poland AP Ambassadors of Communist China and the United States met Wednesday in a session that dip lomats here said could influ ence the crisis in Southeast Asia US Ambassador John Moors Cabot and Chinese envoy Wang Kuochuan came face to face in he 126th meeting of the ambas adorial talks that began in 1955 n Geneva It was their first ses sion since Nov 25 last year SAME OATI1M41M V
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