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Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 23, 1965, Mason City, Iowa Noted justice is dead Frankfurter heart victim By JOE F KANE WASHINGTON AP Re tired Supreme Court Justice Felix Frankfurter is dead of a heart attack at 82 and Presiden Johnson in grief has praised him as of the great figures in legaf history Chief Justice Earl Warren in a statement of mourning called Frankfurter a great man of the law and said our nation is much richer because of his long and productive Frankfurter who stepped down because of poor health 2Va years ago after serving on the high court for 23 years suffered a heart attack at his home here Sunday He was taken to George Washington University Hospital where he died late Monday His ailing wife Marion was confined to the family home am was informed of his death by family doctors The Frankfurt ers had no children Frankfurter was born in Vien na Austria on Nov 15 1882 and was brought to the east side of New York City when he wis 12 His father was a fur mer chant Young Frankfurter at tended the College of the City of New York and continued his education at Harvard Universi ty Law School where he re ceived his law degree in 1906 He returned to Harvard in 1R14 as a law professor Later he recommended many of his former students as brain trust ers for President Franklin D Roosevelts New Deal Frankfurter delighted in re calling that he was in his under wear dressing for dinner when Roosevelt telephoned him on Jan 4 1939 to tell him that the next day he would name him t the Supreme Court to succeed Justice Benjamin N Cardozo At that time Frankfurter wa considered a liberal but in later years he was considered a member of the conservative bloc of the bench Frankfurters own view was that conservatism and liberalism had nothing to do with judicial decisions Two years ago on his 80th birthday the Times of London paid editorial tribute to him It said If any man has a right to be regarded as a citizen of the world it is he Whether when on the Supreme Court he was a liberal or a conservative or both now matters little He has always been a fighter for truth Frankfurter had no hesitancy about referring to his Jewish religion and once commented in an opinion One who belongs to the most vilified and persecuted minority in history is not likely to be in sensible to the freedoms guar anteed by our Constitution He added as judges we are neither Jew nor gentile neither Catholic nor agnostic As a member of this court I am not justified in writing my private notions of policy into the Consti tution no matter how deeply 1 may cherish them or how mischievous I may deem their disregard He was credited by some ob servers with having had a ma jor influence in the Supreme Courts 1954 decision banning racial segregation in public schools Some said the courts unanimous decision was a result of Frankfurters arguments in favor of a formula permitting gradual desegregation rather than court orders demanding immediate enforcement Frankfurter was a peppery figure through his 23 years on the high court sitting on the edge of his chair with his eyes sparkling behind his pincenez as he rattled off questions to attorneys and fired verbal darts at his fellow justices In one of the last arguments he heard a lawyer called an Felix Frankfurter Praised by LBJ Khanh will come to UN By MALCOLM W BROWNE DALAT South Viet Nam AP Gen Nguyen Khanh oust ed as leader of South Viet Nam said Tuesday he is going to the United Nations In an exclusive interview with The Associated Press he said I am sad to be leaving my troops in wartime especially at this critical period But I shall continue serving my coun try in other ways This war must be fought on the diplomat ic and political fronts as well as the military I am now to be a roving ambassador My first mission to the Unit ed Nations is to present the evi dence of Viet Cong infiltration we seized off the Communist ship on our coast last week The former commander in chief of the armed forces was in civilian sports clothes with his family at a mansion once used as President Ngo Dinh Diems country palace He seemed tired but generally re signed to the lightning series of political and military moves over the weekend that ousted him from power The official Viet Nam press announced in Saigon that Chief of State Phan Khac Suu had signed a decree naming Khanh a roving ambassador As the Vietnamese military command continued its political maneuvering an American en listed man was killed Monday night when a Viet Cong terrorist threw a grenade to a com mand post 35 miles east of Sai gon He was the 276th US serv iceman to die in action in Viet Nam since December 1961 Another American was seri ously wounded in the incident Nine other Americans were wounded in helicopter actions and in an ambush of a Vietnam ese column The Armed Forces Council deposed Khanh over the week end from command of the armed forces apparently end ing his tenure as the countrys strongman Khanh tried to rally support then holed up in Dalat the mountain resort 140 miles northeast of Saigon There were indications he was balking at leaving the country Three members of the Armed Forces Council visited Khanh in Dalat Monday and apparently obtained his agreement to go The official Viet Nam Press Agency announced that Chief of State Phanh Khac Sun had signed the decree naming Khanh a roving ambassador the same device used to get his predecessor Maj Duong Van Minn out of the country after Khanh supplanted him The Young Turk generals of the Armed Forces Council continued to hold meetings at their headquarters at the Saigon airport Combat troops were stationed around the perimeter of the airport and antiaircraft guns and recoilless rifles re mained in protective positions Extra military units also were VIETNAM Continued on 2 NGUYEN KHANH The newspaper that makes all North lowans neighbor s Home Edition VOL 105 MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY FEBRUARY 23 W5 UOc a Paper Consists of Two Ons Associated Tress Full Wires No 13 Musi im fires apparent revenge for killing Photofax SARAH AND Sarah Church ill daughter of the late Sir Winston Churchill and American Negro artist Lobo Nocho walk up the Spanish steps in Rome during a stroll with a dog The two are frequent companions in Rome 1114 House vote Seat belt bill passes DES MOINES AP Seat belts would have to be installed in all cars sold by dealers start ing with 1966 models under a bill passed 1114 by the Iowa House Tuesday The measure now goes to the Senate where a similar bill vas1 introduced Tuesday Rep William Scherle RHen derson chief sponsor of the bill said statistics show the use of seat belts saves many lives on the highways every year Seat belts should be standard equip ment in cars he said Rep Bernard OMalley D earlier Frankfurter opinion brilliant When the lawyer started to explain it Frankfurt er snapped You may assume I remember it In August 1962 four months after suffering a stroke that im paired his speech Frankfurter wrote a letter to President John F Kennedy With sadness he told the president he could no longer carry his share of the Supreme Courts burdens North Iowa Weather outlook Snow with new accumula tion of two to four inches colder increasing northerly winds causing same blowing and drifting night 44 below Snow ending Wednesday colder highs to S above r The most Des Moines sought to amend the measure to require dealers categories to install seat belts or harnesses Far in the front seats of all cars and light trucks of 1962 model and newer He said manufacturers have been installing seat belt brack ets in cars since that year and the installation should be a sim pie job But Rep William Gannon D Mingo said auto dealers in formed him that this was not so and that it could be an expen sive proposition to put seat belts in some models built before this year Gannon proposed an amendment to make the seat belts required equipment on ei ther new or used cars of 1966 vintage or later It was adopted by voice vote An amendment by Rep Oon ald Doyle DSioux City spec evidence of any per sons failure to use seat belts could not be used in any civil suit for damages nor would it be a crime It was adopted by voice vote Mary Poppins film gets most nominations HOLLYWOOD AP Mary 3oppins was the surprise lead er when Motion Picture Acade my nominations were an nounced Tuesday It scored in 13 categories Becket and My Debate on fast time bill Memorial Day to Labor Day DES M01NES AP The Iowa Senate debated the issue of daylight saving time Tuesday with the main question not so much on adoption but on the ef fective dates of a time change The bill before the Senate would require statewide day light time from 2 am Memo al Day until 2 am the day fter Labor Day Before putting the controver lal bill temporarily aside whil new amendment was bein prepared the Senate took thi ction Adopted amendment b en Daryl Nims DAmes t provide that the time chang ake effect on the day befor Memorial Day when Memoria Day falls on Sunday as it does this year Nims said this would produce uniform time through out that holiday weekend Defeated 3916 an amendment to make the time change effec tive the last Sunday in April in stead of Memorial Day Objectors to this amend ment by Sens Tom Riley R Cedar Rapids and Howard Rep pert DDes Moines said it would cause children to be boarding school buses in dark ness Riley said that the sun will rise on the last Sunday in April at am standard lime or am daylight time Are you confused asked Sen Elmer Lange RSac City or am I confused or do you have it reversed on that Well replied Riley the sun will rise at the same time regardless Several who opposed the amendment said they would support the shorter dayligh time period in the original bil as a compromise measure They included Sen Gilbert E Klefstad DCouncil Bluffs wh said the people of Pottawat tamie County are basically op posed to enactment of dayligh saving time generally Other opponents said daylight time causes problems for farm ers because businesses close and meetings begin while much BLACK MUSLIM HEADQUARTERS This is a view of the Harlem headquarters of the Negro Black Muslim sect after it was wrecked by a spec Phototax tacular fire preceded by one or more explosions The blaze gutted the top two floors of the fourstory building followed startling with 12 upset in the selections was the omission of Audrey Hepburn among nom k b a is spare snow storm daylight remains Sen Kenneth Nurse DHart ley said mothers lems getting their inees for best actress Most ob servers had expected her to be named for My Fair Lady Julie Andrews who originat ed the role of Eliza Doolittle in My Fair Lady but lost out in the film version to Miss Hep jurn was nominated for Mary Poppins Another musical per former Debbie Reynolds was named for The Unsinkable Molly Brown The race for best performance by an actor had a strong Brit ish accent The nominees Richard Bur ton for Becket Rex Harri son My Fair Lady Peter OToole Bcckct Anthony Quinn Zorba the Greek Peter Sellers Dr Strangelove have prob children to bed at a reasonable hour under daylight time while il is still light Backers of the RileyReppert amendment said it would pull owa in step with 15 other states which have daylight saving time y law Inside The Globe Br TUB ASSOCIATED 1RESS Iowa escaped the worst of a big snow storm that had been forecast but light snow was expected over most of the state Tuesday The Weather Bureau said the had been expected to bring near blizzard conditions to the northwest part of the moving to the south of Iowa However parts of the state did get some snow Monday night Spencer has had three inches of new snow while Coun cil Bluffs and Cedar Rapids have had an inch Skies were mostly cloudy Tuesday and northerly winds of 20 to 30 miles an hour should cause some blowing and clrifl ing snow over the northern counties Highs Monday ranged from 4 at Spencer to 21 at Burlington Lows Monday night were from zero al Spencer to 14 at Bur lington H will be colder Tuesday night with low readings from around 8 below zero al some places in northern Iowa to around 5 above in the extreme south It should be a little warmer in ex treme western Iowa Wednes day Elsewhere snow fell from Mon tana and northeastern New Mexico to southern Minnesota and northwestern Illinois Winds up to 50 mph cut visi bility to near zero in parts of wcslern Kansas and eastern Colorado The Weather Bureau issued blizzard warnings for the central Plains and hazardous driving and local blizzard warnings for northeastern New Mexico and the OklahomaTex as Panhandle Arctic air invaded the storm zone and temperatures dropped to below zero from Montana and northeastern Wyoming to north ern Lower Michigan Readings were more than 20 below in northern Minnesota It was cold in most of New England and upstate New York with readings near zero in many areas A storm fanned by strong winds Monday dumped up to a foot of snow off Lake Ontario on an area of about 250 square miles in an easterly line from the OswegoHenderson harbor area Stiff winds caused severe drifting of snow reduced visibility slowed traffic and caused many highway acci dents The cold air from the North dipped southward into northern Florida with freezing marks reported in Atlanta Ga Early morning temperatures ranged from 21 below at International Falls Minn to 73 at Key West and 72 at Miami Fla Clear Lake news Editorials Farm newt Mason City news 7 Latest markets North Iowa news I Sports neiws 91 Society newt 111 Comics 1 Transit timetable 1 CIKjrified pages 1415 Polka dot space craft wears raincoat in test By HOWARD BENEDICT CAPE KENNEDY Fla polka dot space glider wearing a raincoat success fully rocketed over a blazing 13300miieanhour suborbital course Tuesday to test mater ials and techniques for future spaceships which will land like airplanes As the sieek glider blasted skyward it shed a unique plastic raincoat which had been placed over it lo protect it from a driving rain A ThorDelta rocket pro pelled the craft Into a rainy sky at AM The ntfvnged research glider whose surface was speckled with about 2000 tiny dots of multi colored heat sensitive paint darted to an altitude of about 39 miles and then made a fiery dash back through the atmosphere into the Atlantic about 2750 miles southeast of Cape Kennedy RED MEET TO OPEN MOSCOW controver sial meeting of Communist par tics called by the Soviet Unio despite strong opposition from Peking will open Monday a scheduled Soviet and East Eu ropean Communist sources say How many of the 25 parties in vitcd will aBlend is uncertain Gas cans found on roof Reprisal by Xs followers NEW YORK AP Fire gut ted the Black Muslim mosque in rlarlem early Tuesday an ap parent arson revenge for Mal colm X the ousted and assassi nated former minister of the temple Several witnesses heard ex plosions before flames shot into the sky And on the roof of a building next door investigators found an empty fivegallon tin which had contained kerosene or gasoline Police said it possible to throw homemade firebombs or fuel from the roof through the barred fourthfloor windows of the mosque meeting hall heart of the spectacular blaze A kerosenesoaked bag also was in the next door building Fear that the slaying would ouch off terrorism grew tronger after another fire Tues day at the Black Muslim meet ng place in San Francisco kerosene was thrown on the sidewalk and the front door was gnited Two patroling police men spotted the blaze early and damage was slight Police poured reinforcements into Harlem in an effort to block any further bloodshed or vio lence They supplemented an ex tra force patroling the almost allNegro community since the assassination Sunday The fire injured a civilian passerby and five firemen one seriously Both here and in Chicago headquarters of Elijah Muham mads Black Muslim faith au thorities had been on edge lest Malcolms death touch off war fare within the black national ism movement He was shot down by assassins as he start ed to address his rebel follow ers at a meeting of his Afro American Unity But Harlem appeared to ac cept the death the hours before dawn Tuesday I heard the explosion sairt one elderly Negro woman among the huge crowd at the scene I thought Oh my God This is it and I threw myself down on the floor The flames shot 30 feet above the fourstory building at 102 W 116th St Patrolman John L Water man on guard duty outside de cribed it this way There was a muffled explo ion from the top floor and ev ry window on the fourth floor eemed to come down About 10 minutes later the whole floor was engulfed in flames The fire destroyed the fourth floor meeting hall of the Temple of Islam No 7 the power base for Malcolm X when he was heir FIRE Continued en Pagt 3 CAPTURED US for this pic ture received in New York from Moscow aays it shows American pilot Robert H Shumaker whose aircraft was shot down at Dong Hoi on Feb 11 as a prisoner of a North Vietnamese patrol Navy Lt Robert H Shumaker of New Wilmington Pa was reported missing by the Pentagon after a Feb 11 strike Against North Viet Nam
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