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Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 20, 1965, Mason City, Iowa Threaten to return to Selma streets SELMA Ala have issued an ultimatum to Selma Public Safety Director Wilson Baker in their civil rights campaign Meet four of our demands by Monday or we will return to the streets The ultimatum came Friday night after Baker with the aid of a Negro minister halted an attempted night march by an estimated 300 Negroes Baker arrested one of the Negro lead ers Hosea Williams but re leased him after the Negroes returned to the church from which the march began Meanwhile in Marion 30 miles to the also walked out of a church to dem onstrate but turned back when ordered to do so by the police chief In a similar situation 24 hours previous violence erupted leaving one Negro shot and eight persons including three newsmen beaten The scheduled march at Sel ma Friday night was designed primarily to protest the Marion violence The four demands issued to Baker were listed by Williams as 1 Try to hire Negroes as policemen 2 Try to confer with the white leaders of Selma to attempt to establish lines of communica tion between whites and Ne groes 3 Help in working out some thing to expedite the registra tion of Negro voter applicants 4 Agree to help in a drive for better paved streets and other facilities in Negro neighbor hoods Baker indicated to newsmen that he could not answer the demands I told them Im a police offi cer Baker said I cant tell the county board of registrars what to do Baker the highest ranking city law enforcement officer was flanked by whitehelmetcd policemen as he met the would be demonstrators near the church steps He told them their march was potentially danger ous I am going to do everything possible to maintain law and order in Selma he said through a public address speak er For your own safety please return inside the church Williams refused to order the return and tension was height ened when he was arrested But the Rev Lewis Anderson using the loudspeaker pleaded with Negroes to return to the church and they did Williams then was released Baker then met with the Ne groes behind closed doors After the meeting he came out and told newsmen Lets go home Therell be no march tonight Williams who hailed the con frontation with Baker as a great victory said no further demonstrations are planned over the weekend He added that Dr Martin LutherKing Jr president the Southern Chris tian Leadership Conference will address a mass rally here Sun day night King has directed the five week long civil rights campaign here To sign bill on penalty Death is ruled out DES MOTNES AP Gov Harold Hughes went on the air waves Saturday to tell lowans why he will sign the legisla tures bill to abolish capital punishment in this state In his weekly radio broadcast Hughes praised the General Assembly for passing the bill that comes to him and repeated the reasons why he was against the death penalty Hughes said he has every re spect for the many thoughtful people who believe that pun ishment by e xecution for hei nous crimes is necessary in hu man society If capital punishment is to be justified the mainstay of the argument must be that it is a strong deterrent to criminal ac tion the governor said The facts not only in our country but in other countries in which the death penalty has been elim inated prove otherwise Hughes reiterated the view that extermination and re venge inflict spiritual damage on the people We think we have progressed a considerable distance from IGth century England where a public hanging was considered a great sporting event to at tend he said But it would be easy to slide back into this un civilized attitude Rhodes set for policy in GOP The news po per that makes all North lowans neighbor s Home Edition VOL 105 MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY FEBRUARY 20 1965 tide Paper Conslsti ol Four Associated Tress Full Wires NO n Ranger 8 shoots moon job WASHINGTON AP Un less theres a sudden change of mood and plot House Republi cans appear ready on Tuesday to fill the last opening in their congressional leadership with conservative Rep John J Rhodes of Arizona The post chairman of the policy committee has been left dangling for weeks rather than risk a parly clash There were some suggestions the job Need for stability in Saigon View coup with dismay By JACK BELL WASHINGTON AP Sena tors arguing about what to do in South Viet Nam appear agreed on one thing Unless a stable civilian government can be ob tained conditions will deterio rate Both those who want the Unit ed Stales to negotiate its way out of the war and those who want to stay and fight view the latest attempted coup with dis may Sen Thomas J Dodd Conn a supporter of vigorous US military action said that the United States must get tough and insist on the kind of stable government needed to win the war against the Com munists Its high time the United States put its foot down and de KHANH IN POWER STRUGGLE Armed bodyguards stand by as military strongman Lt Gen Nguyen Khanh dark glasses stands with Vietnamese air force commander Nguyen Cao Ky at Photofnx Bien Hoa airbase outside Saigon about two hours before coup against Khanh collapsed manded a stable government he said These constant changes in government consti tute on disabilities Sen Ernest Gruening DAlas ka who has urged withdrawal of American troops told the Senate Friday the coup against the government of Gen Nguyen Khanh indicated the United States is pursuing a goit bc abolished pointmcnt or filled by ap But Rep Melvin R Laird of Wisconsin chairman of the GOP caucus said Friday the suggestions have been discard ed and when the caucus opens Tuesday he will ask for nomina tions for the post Representatives of the various factions in the parties liberal moderate and conservative said they know of no one to oppose Rhodes He is the only one running now said one source If so it would attest to the success of a harmony maneuver negotiated by the House Repub lican Leader Rep Gerald R Ford of Michigan and the two other members of the hierar chy Laird and the assistant leader Rep Leslie C Arcnds of Illinois Ford became GOP House leader last month when a revolt toppled Rep Charles A Halleck of Indiana Ford was no sooner in the job than he was rebuffed by his colleagues in trying to shake up the high command by bringing in one of his own sup porters in place of Arends Hal leeks former right hand man Ford apparently chose not to risk a second battle over the policy post coveted by Rhodes and Rep Charles E Goodcll of New York one of the young Turks who helped Ford de throne Halleck Ford killed two birds with one stone With the agreement of Laird and Arends Ford created a new leadership post of chair man of planning and research and gave it to Goodcll without referring it to a vote of the GOP members North Iowa Weather outlook Cold Java moving in Satur day night and Sunday with shifting winds possible snow flurries near 0 Clearing Sunday but with cold to remain alone policy Having found the South Viet namese unwilling to fight for their freedom we have deter mined to go it alone and to esca late the war there if need be in an effort to contain Red China he said In response to a reporters question as to how military ac tion could be pursued when there was no stable government with which to deal Senate Re publican Leader Everett M Dirksen of Illinois said some steps could be taken immediate ly to restore stability Dirkscn who has supported President Johnsons expansion Defeat SAIGON Viet Nam AP Loyalist military leaders Satur day defeated an attempted coup against Lt Gen Nguyen Khanh then apparently decided to dis pose of Khanh themselves Informed sources reported that 15 young generals met with civilian Premier Phan Huy Quat Saturday afternoon at Bien Hoa Air Base 12 miles north of Sai gon and in effect voted no con fidence in Khanh Khanhs ous ter appeared imminent The coalition of young Turk generals was headed by Brig Gen Nguyen Chanh Thi who now appears to be the most powerful man in South Viet Nam Air Force Commander Brig Gen Nguyen Cao Ky stood out 7000 photos are returned PASADENA Calif J Ranger 8 returned more than 7000 closeups of the moon Saturday and scientists said they should be at least as good as the historic first batch of photos from its predecessor Ranger 7 The insectshaped spacecraft crashed at am GST into the Sea of Tranquillity a dusty plain tabbed as a possible landing site for astronauts five years in he future A rousing cheer from a crowd of 300 at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory which made and guided the Ranger went up at the moment f impact Later at a news conference Ranger project director Harris Schuirmeicr said The video signals look excellent and the pictures probably will be at least as good as those from Ranger 7 Actually laboratory experts Boxscore on Ranger program in the emerging power structure as the second most powerful man Thi and Ky met with news men Saturday and Thi said up to this moment Khanh is still commander in chief In the near future we will talk more about it In recounting his role in crushing the attempted coup Ky needled American officials who had persuaded him not to bomb rebelheld Saigon Airport At a quarter of seven Friday night Ky said we were ready to bomb Saigon Airport but advisers kept calling us They said that in bombing the airport we would condemn many innocent persons to death But rebel leader Lam Van Phat a former brigadier gener al who was holding my head quarters there is not innocent He is a traitor and a bandit Gen William C Westmore land commander of US forces in Viet Nam called me and talked to me so I postponed bombing the airport until this morning and by then our forc es had control Thi flew from his headquar ters in Hue early Saturday to meet Ky at Bien Hoa He brought with him several repre sentatives of a student agitation group that played a large role in antiKhanh demonstrations in the past Khanh had also flown to Bien Hoa early Saturday and confer red with the loyalist generals But it was not known what hap pened or where he went from there He was believed still in the country Asked about Khanh Thi re plied vaguely He is on an in spection tour in the Second Corps area While the political maneuver ing continued a military spokesman revealed that Viet namese forces may have made the biggest capture of weapons and ammunition destined for the Viet Cong at any single time in the war against the Commu nists Military authorities said the haul resulted from the sighting and sinking of a Communist gunboat in a cove about 200 miles northeast of Saigon n x U S involved deeply in Laos of military activities said the South Vietnamese police force should be improved and mili tary regulations enforced By JOHN T WHEELER DA NANG AP The South Viet Nam United States is against government troops to prevent their raiding of village food supplies Senate Democratic Leader Mike Mansfield of Montana who has said that suggestions for negotiations ought not be brushed aside arbitrarily com mented There is not now nor has there been nor will there be in the foreseeable future any easy answer to the absence of a stable government in South Viet Nam more deeply involved in fighting in Laos than many official re ports indicate US F105 and F100 jet fighter bombers regularly hammer mil itary installations bridges and other targets in Laos The raids often involve up to a dozen or more jet aircraft Some pilots have flown more than 30 combat missions to Laos in two months The targets usually are con nected with infiltration along the Ho Chi Minh trail winding from North Viet Nam through Laos to South Viet Nam However it is believed many f the strikes also are against Sen Ralph Yarborough Tex said in a statement that it was nonsense for anyone to argue as he said some had that Johnson was receiving more support from Republicans than Democrats for his Viet Nam policies Yarborough said John son has broad support from oth parties Sen Gale W McGee DWyo who opposes a negotipted settle ment at this timet said the sta bility or the instability of the South Vietnamese governmen is not the issue The issue is to hold the line clear around the world a gains further Chinese or Russian ex pansion McGce said Tha line has to be held firmly It i only behind such a line that na tions like South Viet Nam wil get a chance to achieve a stabl government the accords in face of violations by North Viet Nam which sup posedly is providing arms and troops to the Pathct Lao The United States working through South Viet Nam is helping support at least one government force in Laos The 33rd Royal Lao Battalion operat ng on the border near the ommunist supply center of chepone receives supplies hrough a US Special Forces camp near the frontier Supplies are flown from Laotian governj ment bases in southern Laos hen sent overland back across he border into Laos Some military sources ques tion the worth of chancing a major incident because of sup port for Laotian government he proCommunist Pathet Lao orces trying to crush the roya ao help rom Nam government with major including ground troops Communist North Vie On the ground handpicke members of US Special Force are carrying out longrange tar get spotting patrols in Laos in an attempt to ferret out key inks in the Ho Chi Minh trail complex for aerial bombard ment Much of the trail is invisi ble from the air lost amid jun gle trees Results from the patrols are reported good No Americans are believed to have been cap tured or killed Under the 1M2 Geneva ac cords the United States is sup posed to maintain a military handsoff policy in Laos Wash ington has increasingly ignored Lroops But this force has de stroyed a number of bridges used by North Vietnamese in their trek south Theoretically it is also the first line of defense for South Viet Nam in case of major Communist attack along Route 9 into Quang Tri Prov lince However the battalion fight ing spirit is reported low and ts training marginal One mili ary source said the first indi cation of Communist attack on Route 9 would be the sight of members of the battalion streaming through Lao Bao An indication of American involvement in missions outside South Viet Nam came last No vember when a Vietnamese C123 lillcd with toldiers and parachutes crashed into mountain near Da Nang TT US denies it wanted Khanh out By MALCOLM W BROWNE SAIGON Viet Nam AP American officials in Viet Nam are in an awkward position be cause of inferences that the favored the overthrow of mill tary strongman Lt Gen Nguye Khanh The Voice of America broad cast Friday night made it sound as if the coup was over and America favored the rebels one of Khanhs staff officers said A month ago an American news magazine published a re port that Col Phan Ngoc Thao lad returned to Viet Nam a ic behest of American officials with the mission of carrying ou coup against Khanh The report was immediately enied both by Washington ant by US Ambassador Maxwel D Taylor Nevertheless th PASADENA Calif Here is a boxscore on the Ranger moon probe pro gram with launch dates Ranger Aug 23 1961 Booster did not place spacecraft in sired orbit Ranger 18 1961 I Booster did not place spacecraft in desired or bit Ranger 26 1962 Given excessive speed by the booster the spacecraft crossed the moons orbital path too soon Ranger 23 1962 Spacecraft crashed into backside of moon without transmitting pictures Ranger 18 1962 Power system failed short ly after launch Ranger 30 1964 Spacecraft hit moons Sea of Tranquillity 140 miles north of Ranger 8s impact point but television cam eras did not work Ranger 28 1964 First full success of the Ranger series Spacecraft transmitted 4316 pictures first closeups of the moon in final 13 minutes before impact near the Sea of Clouds Ranger 17 1965 Spacecraft crashed in Sea of Tranquillity Prelimi nary data indicates more than 7000 pictures were taken in final 23 minutes of plunge Photo ax IN AND OUT IN SAIGON Rebel leader Col Pham Ngoo Thao who led a group which chased Lt Gen Nguyen Khanh out of the c i t y walks through crowd at Saigon airport after addressing them Thaos group was later deposed by Loyalists who then sought the ouster of Khanh Behind Thao is the gun of a heavy tank brought in during the bloodless coup actions i t report was republished in sever al Vietnamese newspapers I aroused widespread suspicio among top Vietnamese leader ncluding Khanh himself Taylor and Khanh had had Book four SCI students CEDAR FALLS AP Fou State College of Iowa students were booked on charges of lar ceny in the night time in con nection with an attempted theft at a Cedar Falls coinoperated aundry Friday night Police identified those arrest ed as Paul Hook of Wellsburg and Richard Forcht of Cedar Rapids both 18 and Harry Ho rak of Vinton and Curtis Jensen of Irwin both 19 Police said the two 18year olds were inside the laundry trying to break into a pop ma chine and coin changer while sublic argument which neve nas been completely healed and many Vietnamese officials feel it is possible Taylor had some thing to do with the latest coup attempt Taylor told the Associated Press an hour after the coup attempt began Friday that he had no idea what was going on and that all he knew was that he had noticed unusual naval activ ity near the Saigon docks as he was driving back to the Embas sy from lunch the other two drove around out side expected them to be better due to technical more favorable lighting of the lunar surface Scientists turned on Ranger 8s six cameras 10 minutes ear ier than originally planned and as a result expected to get near y double the 4316 shots ob tained last July 31 from Ranger Ranger pictures in the final seconds before impact are rated about 2000 times better than photos through earth telescopes Impact was only 15 miles from the target point selected when the craft was launched from Cape Kennedy Fla Wednesday The first six shots in the Ran ger moon probe series failed to achieve their missions Ranger 8s cameras were turned on when the craft was 350 miles above the lunar sur face streaking in at about4400 miles per hour i Ranger 8s 234400mtle voy ge t ook about 66 hours and xcept for a latehour decision to run its cameras 10 minutes onger than originally planned was virtually a duplicate of Ranger 7s flight Running the cameras longer nabled Ranger 8 sweeping rom left to right across the ace of the moon to take pic ures of huge craters and a mountainous area west of the broad plan around the target point A team of five scientists was expected to disclose late today just how many pictures Ranger 8 obtained and give some idea of what they show about the lu nar surface Scientists expected Ranger Is pictures to be superior to those of Ranger 7 because of technical improvements in some of the cameras and because of better lighting on the moon at the time they were taken Saturdays shots were snapped near the moons shadow line thus were expected to have more contrast and better defini tion of detail because of long shadows cast by mountains rocks and other features The shadows could reveal craters to shallow or too small for Ranger 7 to detect Ranger 7 crashed in the Mar Nubium or Sea of Clouds which later was renamed the Mare Cognitum or Sea that has Become Known It is about 1000 miles west of the Sea of Tranquillity Tranquillity is lighter than Cognitum Scientists believe this may mean its surface Is smoother and thus more suita ble for mans landings planned for this decade Findings of UM Ranger shot if slated for next ex pected to help in design of RANGER SAME
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