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Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 27, 1965, Mason City, Iowa I Millions cured by the UN Millions more J awaiting aid By DARIUS S JHABVALA New York Herald Tribune News Service UNITED NATIONS S o m chai a fiveyearold boy in Raj burl Thailand was stricken by a vicious disease called a disease that covered his body with gaping painful sores Last year a health tearr sponsored by the UN Interna tional Childrens Emergenc Fund UNICEF discovere Somchai on a straw pallet in dark hut and gave him a hea ing inoculation Within t w weeks Somchai was cured by small cents wort of penicillin provided by CEF The newspaper that makes all North lowans neighbors Home Edition VOL 104 MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY JANUARY 27 1965 10c a Piper ConsUU of Two Aooclated Presi Full Leaie Wlrei No 301 ingo passes in Senate Reports of 3 bodies under ice apparent hoax Today the boy and more tha 35 million like him are no longer part of the statics on yaws But his case history is by no means closed For while Somchai has been removed from one chart in U N records on technical assist ance he is now on four others which detail the dark side of the 20th poverty chronic illhealth and ignorance Somchai is one of the 750 mil lion people of the world who are illiterate He is one of the 45 per cent of the worlds children who never have attended school and he is one of the 800 million who because of malnu trition and other factors are especially susceptible to chronic illness and epidemics All this is because he also is one of the two billion people who live in the 85 countries that lag far behind the 20th Cen tury civilization of the West And each year the ranks oi these unfortunates swells by 100 million The plight of Somchai is the plight of his family his village his society and his country In their lifetime the promise in the UN charter to promoti social progress and bette standards of life may neve be fulfilled Nevertheless a small silent army of technicians and profes sionals which mans the 15 agen cies of the UN works day and night to light a candle of hope Little is known of the efforts and accomplishments of these specialized agencies Their work has been overshadowed by UN politics by peacekeeping operations and by seamingly endless debates and crises But these agencies have saved untold millions from utter despair restoredproductivity to hundreds of villages and brought hope of a better life to people of countries around the world Consider this partial list of 1 achievements 35 million people have been permanently cured UNICEF In 1964 12 million children received BCG the antiTB vac cine and 162 million children arc now protected against TB in 64 countries Of the 15 billion people in habiting originally malarious areas 343 million now live in areas where malaria has been eradicated 713 million are coy cred by eradication programs in advance stages and 321 million by programs in preparator stapes World Health Organiza 13 million people have bee cure d of venereal disease Smallpox once the scourge of Asia Africa and Latin America will have been eradi cated within a few years For the first time in 25 years the world was free of locusts in 1964 Food and Agri culture These successes were dra matic and were accomplished with just fraction of the million the total budget of the spccilizcrl agencies for 1964 But the UN work docs not end there For to sustain the small est measure of achievement a long range effort is required It is one thing to cure a child of yaws but an entirely dif ferent effort is needed to create an environment in which the in fectious disease no longer ex ists It is one thing to temporari ly rid a village of malaria but something more is needed to keep that village continuously free of malaria It is one thing to teach an adult simple read ing and writing but an entire ly different effort is demanded to educate him and his family These arc the reasons pro ponents of these programs in sist they be continued North Iowa Weather outlook Mostly cloudy end general ly a little warmer WedrwwUy night but strong shifting winds nd turning colder with oc casional snow late Wednes day night and Thursday Lows Wednesday night and highs Thursday It northwest to U southeast BUNDLES OF JOY Despite the bitter cold and wind these youngsters are able to enjoy a parade during the St Paul Winter Carnival because of the ingenuity of their parents Two youngsters top left are wrapped in blankets and stuffed in a card board box A young boy is cocoonlike in a comforter and placed on a folding tray stand top At bottom two children are in a sleeping bag on a box sled Yank tells family he loves themdefects to NKorea Divers locate vehicle No trace of passengers COUNCIL BLUFFS witness reports that a car with three passengers broke through the ice and sank in a recre ational lake near here appar ently were part of a hoax After locating the car Shcrifl Roy 0 Wichacl said it seemed clear there were no passengers when it plunged into Lake Ma nawa Tuesday night Prompted by reports of the mishap skin divers probed the frigid waters until they found the car but no bodies Divers said the doors anc windows of the vehicle wcr closed The car had bee stolen police said Authorities speculated tha youthful car thieves deliberatel headed the drivcrless car to ward the thin ice Wednesdays search attraclc a large crowd to the chilly l side The search began Tuesday night after witnesses reported watching a speeding car plunge through the ice 700 feet from shore Dave Tail 18 said he and a companion watched this car drive onto the lake seven or eight times The driver would start up on the shore and would be going about 70 miles an hour when he hit the ice Each time the car went farther and far Ihcr onto the ice The car seemed to stop mo mentarily the last time the tail lights rose in the air and then disappeared lie said Tail said he and his compan inn Judy Rccd 18 followed thp tire tracks until they came to a hole in the ice Judy saic she heard air bubbles then 1 heard them too We didnt sec anyone around They called authorities and a search began Other witnesses also reportec seeing the car drive out anc disappear Sheriffs officer ere told occupants of the ca ot out and walked around o ic ice Ihen got back in befor SEOUL South Korea The US Army said Wednesday that Sgl Charles R Jenkins of Rich Square NC left a note apolo gizing to his mother for the trouble I will cause you before he defected to Communist North Korea three weeks ago I know what Ill have to do said the note Jenkins left in his quarters Im going to North Korea Tell the family 1 love them very much Love Charles Jenkins was leading a patrol early on the morning of Jan 5 through a wooded area in the demilitarized zone dividing North and South Korea He told his men to wait for him then walked off in the dark When lie failed lo return a search was ordered but Jenkins could not be located The Army confirmed his dis appearance and d of the note after North Koreas Pyongyang radio reported the defection The broadcast Tuesday said Jenkins defected because he was disgusted with conditions in South Korea and believed condi tions in the Communist North were better Jenkins 24 is the fourth American soldier to go over to the North Korea Communists since May 1963 He joined the Army in 1958 and was stationed in Korea in He arrived last November for a second tour His mother is Pattie Casper of Rich Square At Rich Square Mrs Casper reported ill for the last three weeks declined any comment about her son A neighbor said Mrs Casper had expressed the opinion her son had been cap tured CHARLES JENKINS AP Pholofnx NGUYEN AT HELM Khanh in again Another Viet coup By MALCOLM W BROWNE SAIGON South Viet Nam AP South Vicl Nams gen rals returned Lt Gen Nguyen Chanh lo power in a bloodless lililary coup Wednesday and he Buddhist opposition to the ivilian government began jubi ant celebrations Khanh charged Premier Tran an Huongs Ihreemonthold overnment had failed lo slabil ze the chaotic situation in the nations major cities He said he chaos was impeding the war the Communist Viet quarters which previously had been barred lo them by para roopers and dragged the beds on which the monks had been into the streets The Buddhist hierarchy broadcast an appeal to all chapters throughout the conn 4414 vote on measure Issue faces test in House DES MOINES AP popular game of bingo long held in violation of Iowas anti lottery law would become legal under a proposed constitutional amendment passed by the Sen ate Wednesday The vote was 4114 The meas ure goes to the House A constitutional amendment to become effective must be jasscd in identical form by two successive legislatures and then 3e approved by a vote of the people It would be 1968 before lingo could become legal One legislator aid as the Sen ate opened debate on the issue Lhat bingo now is widely played in violation of the constitutional ban on it Iowa courts have repeatedly ruled that bingo fall under tha antilottery provision of the Io wa Constitution We arc just trying to legal ize a game that is being played in all parts of Iowa Sen Peter F Hanscn DCouncil BluKs said He said the amendment woidd relieve the embarrass ment of officials who appar ently do not crack down on bingo An attempt by Sen Eugene Hill DNewton to delay the de bate until Tuesday was opposed by his own party and was de feated 3719 Sen Gilbert E Klefstad D Council Bluffs offered and then withdrew an amendment to have the measure allow bingo games by nonprofit organiza tions as well as religious char itable and veterans groups We had an organization called against ong The coup posed new problems for the United States which hac noped civilian government could rally the populace behind the war effort The US embassy said in a try to cease the antigovern mcnt campaign Khanh called in Deputy US Ambassador U Alexis Johnson to tell him of the military take over By the time Taylor returned to Saigon Khanh had left the the West End Club in Council Improvement Bluffs Kief statement Until we can assess more clearly the nature and extent of the important events set in motion this morning it ic car proceeded onto the bo premature for the US The site is Lake Manawa anniission to comment or render a lake of some 600 acres judgment capital for iiis seaside head quarters at Vung Tau Now its Taylor or Khanh a Vietnamese officer said One or the other has to go Khanh is understood to have made the recall of the ambassa dor one of his prime objectives car the Missouri River south of Council Bluffs The area is a talc park Authorities said that at the point where the search concen Jlcliable sources said Khanh and the military council he heads had planned the coup for Feb 2 hut decided to pull it off Wednesday because US Am rated the lake is about 15 feet bassador Maxwell D Taylor was Iccp The ice was about a foot on a tri lo Laos and Thailand hick near shore but thinner around the hole Inside The Globe Taylor left Bangkok hurriedly to return to Saigon Five leading Buddhist monks who had been making a fast to the death to bring down Pre mier Huong began eating Wed nesday aflcrnoon Editorials 4 An estimated 4000 supporter Copies 6 flocked into the Buddhist head Clear Lake news 89 Society news 1011 ARTIST DIES Mason City news 1415 SHREVEPORT La Latest markets 15 Dcspujols 78 an internationally Sports artist who came lo the North Iowa news 22LUnitccl Stales afler his nalive Transit timetable 26 France fell lo the Germans in Classified pages 2627World War II died Tuesday MAXWELL TAYLOR of Khanh FOCUS on North Iowa Recordbreaking attendance at farm classes By CHARLES W WALK North Iowa News Director There may be fewer farmers down on the farm but there are more in the classrooms That at least is the situation at the Mason City Adult Farm ers Evening School Through the first four Mon day sessions this year average class attendance has been 160 up from last years average at tendance of 102 at 10 sessions and well on thrc way lo cslab lishing a state record Roger Holcomb vocational agriculture instructor at Mason City High School and director of the school believes the Iowa record average attendance at such a school is 120 set years ago at Audubon Mason Citys probable record is even more impressive com pared with other similar in the state Iowa Department of Public Instruction records show that last years average attendance at the 244 farmer night schools was 218 What arc the reasons for this attendance increase at the Mason City school Holcomb Mason City vocag instructor since 1960 gives the credit to farmers who serve on the schools council and admin istrators of the school system The nine farmers on the coun cil select topics to be covered at the sessions If I were a farmer I would want to go where they are talk ing about something I want to hear Holcomb observes And who knows what farmers want better than other farmers Farmers on the council are Roger Mathrc Keith Haight Andy Oswald L B McMurray Paul Pruin Waller Swanson Ordalc Frandlc Dan McArthur and Walter Stoltcnbcrg Mathre is president Haighl vice presi dent and Oswald is secretary treasurer Holcomb is quick to proclaim that the program is aimed at the good farmers of the area The good farmers arc begin ning lo realize that they have to keep up on things Holcomb says They want lo find out the answers Since Holcomb is first to ad m 1 t he doesnt have all the answers he frequently lines up resource personnel to con duct classes This personnel ranges from a chemical com pany salesman discussing new insect control methods to a col lege professor teaching new fer tilization techniques The important thing is to give farmers something they can use in their operation Holcomh points out Once the word gets FOCUS Continued on 2 stad said We played a lot oE Dingo and it certainly provided a medium through which peo ple came in closer contact Klefstads amendment was opposed by senators of both po litical parlies as likely to broad en the field for wagering Backers of the proposed amendment said the people should be allowed to vote on the issue and decide it themselves Opponents said it opened the way to increase gambling Backers said it is deliberately drawn in broad terms so the legislature may enact detailed cgulations by law The Iowa Constitution now rohibits lotteries and courts ave held that bingo is a lot cry This prohibition would re nain but the amendment would make an exception for bingo The measure says nothing bout wagering on bingo or rizes for the game It merely ays the legislature may enact aws providing for the licens ng and regulation of bingo amcs conducted by charitable Drganizations religious organi alions or veterans organiza BINGO Continued on Page 2 Oleo bill OKd in Senate vote DES MOINES AP The Iowa Senate passed 553 a bill lo end the requirement that oleomargarine sold in one uarter onehalf or one pound clocks in Iowa be stamped wilh he word oleo Backers of the measure said t would not remove the re quirement that oleo patlics served in restaurants must he either triangular in shape or stamped with the word oleo SAME DATE1H444
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