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Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 14, 1965, Mason City, Iowa Negroes are not welcome In clubs near German bases By JOHN DORNBERG New York News Service FRANKFURT Riviera Bar just outside the US Armys Gibbs barracks here has long been off limits to Negro American soldiers Whenever one of them wanted to get a drink in the place he invariably was met at the door by a burly white soldier and asked gruffly You looking for trouble soldier and told the Riviera was for whites only One day Pfc Edward Thorn hill a Negro decided enough was enough He organized what in Gl language is called a rum ble Backed up by 14 buddies he led a raid on the Riviera which he hoped the owner Abraham Fischbaum would never forget On a signal from Thornhill the soldiers attacked the bar inside and out with bricks lead pipes wooden clubs beer bot tles tables and chairs The blitz assault lasted three min utes left the Riviera a sham bles s e n t a number of white soldiers to the hospital with mi nor injuries and netted Thorn hill a oneyear jail term and a bad conduct discharge at the hands of an Army court martial In West Germany where an estimated 300000 American sol diers are stationed such inci dents are common The fre quency with which they occur is proof of a recent charge of con tinuing offbase discrimination by the Presidents Committee on Equal Opportunity in the Armed Forces To the Armys claim that dis crimination exists in only a very very few places one astute local observer said sim ply ridiculous Offbase discrimination against Negro servicemen is rampant especially in Germany accord ing to Curtis Daniell editor of U S strikes in Laos for m onth By FRED S HOFFMAN WASHINGTON AP US fighterbombers have been smashing at Communist supply and reinforcement lines running through Laos for at least a month government sources said Thursday Wednesdays strike which cost the United States two Air Force jets bore down on Route 7 key segment of a road and trail network feeding both the Red Pathet Lao in Central Laos and the Communist guer rillas in South Viet Nam American authorities refused to say anything publicly beyond the terse announcement that an F100 Supersabre and an F105 Thunderchief were shot down in Central Laos by ground fire Defense Department spokes man Arthur Sylvester declined to discuss the type of a mission the two jets were flying Later it was reported that the pilot of the F105 Capt Albert C Vollmer of Denlon Kan and Henrietta NY had been rescued And early Thursday the Pentagon announced that the F100 pilot Capt Charles L Ferguson of Clovis NM and Parma Idaho had been suc cessfully recovered and was all right At first Ferguson was reported missing Four Navy and Air Force jets were shot down over Laos prior to Wednesdays losses Each was either conducting photo re connaissance or escorting planes taking pictures of Red supply roads and trails For weeks the Communist Chinese and North Vietnamese have been claiming that US air and sea forces have been raid ing Communist territory The US government evident ly is not ready to acknowledge that its war planes are in com bat outside the borders of South Viet Nam The degree of escalation of the war still is rather low The issue of whether it will be stepped up further possibly to strike at production and supply centers rail lines and military bases inside Viet Nam is in doubt So far sources said the air strikes against supply lines leading from North Viet Nam through Laos have been con ducted chiefly by American planes with some activity by Laotianpiloted aircraft The South Vietnamese air force has not yet taken part in these oper ations the sources said There was no word here on what downed the F100 and F105 But it is known that there are radardirected 37mm antiair craft guns in Laos probably manned by North Vietnamese troops Talk about escalating the war reached a pitch by the time US Ambassador Maxwell D Taylor came here in late November from Saigon to confer with President Johnson Secretary of Defense Robert S McNamara and Secretary of State Dean Rusk Taylor was reported to have proposed escalating the war in a bid to choke off North Vietnam ese support for the Communist insurgents in South Viet Nam The raidson the supply routes through Laos apparently began about the time he returned to Viet Nam in early December Washington officials when pressed by newsmen would give no comment concerning ques tions about continuation of the missions One spokesman however in dicated that the flights would be continued He did not specify if he meant the reconnaissance or the air strike flights Earlier in the week Washing ton confirmed that two US planes had been downed near the Cambodian border Penta gon officials would talk very little of this incident however MAP LOCATES LAOS ACTION Photofax The newspaper that makes all North lowans neighbor s Home Edition VOL 104 MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JANUARY 14 1965 uuc a Paper Consists ol rwo One Associated Press Full No 291 Must spur Iowa growth a privatelyowned newspaper here military The pattern this discrimina tion takes is usually the same GIs particularly white soldiers impose their own segregatior with the active or tacit support of barkeepers and proprietors who arc interested only in mak ing money and keeping their places reasonably peaceful Invariably Negro soldiers will wander into the segregated es tablishments and be refused service by the help or barred by some of the steady white cus tomers If the Negroes are hot headed enough or drunk enough they will organize a gang to at tack the bar in retaliation US may balk at UN pay UNITED NATIONS NY AP The United States is reported telling United Nations members that it will take a sec ond look at the big sums it pours into UN projects if they let the Soviet Union keep its General Assembly vote without settling its peacekeeping debts Informants said US officials were relaying this warning to delegates as the time nears for the threatened showdown over Soviet refusal to pay UN peacekeeping assessments In another effort to avoid i clash when the assembly re sumes Monday SecretaryGen eral U Thant called in US Am oassador Adlai Stevenson and Soviet Chief Delegate Nikolai T Occasionally the pattern shifts and the scene will be a Negro largely in self defense which white soldiers will demolish after having been refused service there This turn of the coin is rare however Military officials rarely learn about such segregation except when it flares into violence or when as has happened on sev eral occasions in the past Af rican students studying in Ger many arc mistaken for Negro soldiers and are refused service in some of the establishments Yef such segregated bars are therule not the exception on the periphery of the hundreds of US Army and Air Force in stallations from Munich in the Fedorenko Wednesday nor Fe indication Neither Stevenson dorenko gave any whether any progress had been made toward breaking the south to Bremerhaven in the north of Germany Moreover even the honkytonks in the downtown sections of the larger garrison towns are often segre gated can think of five segre gated places here in Frankfur without even stopping to reflec a second said one local Ameri can resident here After all one need only watch the headlines of German news papers to judge the effect On reading Little Rock in Mun ich speaks for itself he con cluded deadlock Philippine Ambassador Salva dor P Lopez who talked with Thant after lie saw Stevenson told reporters he saw no sign of a breakthrough The real Music Mans bid wins music collection LOS Man Meredith Willson outbid a Hol ywood music dealer in Superior Court Wednesday to purchase what has been termed the lar Hughes urges full use of potential DES MOINES Gov Harold Hughes recom mended Thursday a broad legislative program to en courage fulfillment of Iowas potential which he said stands like a tall building against the sky In his prepared inaugural address to a joint ses sion of the 61st Iowa Legislature he urged farreach ing steps to stimulate ecof nomic growth streamline state government improve education relieve property taxes and strengthen high way safety programs Hughes called upon the legis lature to proceed with a con stitutional amendment to ap portion itself in accordance with the one man one vote gest private collection of shee music in America TRAIN WRECK Sixteen cars of a Milwaukee freight train derailed a mile and a half west of Ionia about 2 am Thursday There were no injuries and no cause has been determined in the accident The derailed cars were in the middle of a long eastbound u 4 1 Jreight tiain The first 35 cars in the train remained on the track The last nine cars and caboose also stayed upright The 16 cars derailed were refrigerated meat cars and included two piggyback truck trailers principle drawn by the US Supreme Court He said the present tempo rary plan of apportionment also should be modified to put both houses on a population basis as required by the court de cision Hughes reiterated the theme as stressed In histate of the state address Tuesday that the past two years have seen a swing from a negative to an ffirmative point of vie w among lowans The result he said has jrought unprecedented econom ic growth and a willingness to move ahead from the University of Iowa entertained with a concert The invocation was pro nounced by the Rev James S Thomas Methodist bishop of Iowa and the benediction by Bishop Ralph Hayes head of the Roman Catholic diocese at Davenport Hughes told the legislators that legislation is needed to stimulate the economy and pro vide needed governmental re forms if the economic growth of the past two years is to contin ue Iowa Falls city councilman wife hurt in accident IOWA Iowa Falls city councilman and his Willson paid to buy the were injured Wednesday night stock of the Stanley Ring Sheet when the car he was driving rammed into the side of a mov ing train at a ChicagoNorth western crossing four miles Inside The Globe Editorials 4 Comics 5 Society news 67 Sports news 910 Cub Gazette 11 Latest markets 12 Mason City news 1213 Clear Lake news 14 Classified pages 1617 North Iowa news 18 ELECTRIC FENCE BERLIN UP The East German Communists appear to be testing the feasibility of ring ing West Berlin with an electri fied fence to make escape more difficult North Iowa Weather outlook Considerable clou d i n i s through Friday with snow flur ries likely southwest Lows Music Store containing 400000 American songs dating back to the 1830s plus centuriesold opera scores Ring died last year after operating the Holly wood Boulevard store for 20 years The collection traces the his tory of American music from its beginnings said Willson and it should be preserved in foreign aid request lowest ever 5338 billioi WASHINGTON W President Johnson asked Congress Thurs wlsTo here on Highway day for billion in foreign tact for posterity He said he would probablyjday donate it to an institution posj Mrs Injured are Mr and Mrs Price Mr Price 72 who is retiring Feb 1 after 52 years with the Illinois Central Railroad suf fered a minor concussion and was to be released from Ells worth Municipal Hospital Thurs Price was transferred sibly UCLA the University ofj Southern California or State University at Iowa City in his home state Willsons opposing bidder Murray Gershenz who bills himself Music Man Murray to a Mason City hospital vith head injuries and a fractured leg Her condition Thursday morning was good They were returning home from Des Moincs when the ac cident occurred aid to promote the defense and economic strength of free coun tries Johnsons bil lion in arms aid and billion in economic assistance during the coming fiscal the lowest such presidential request since the beginning of massive foreign aid under the Marshall Plan after World War II Johnson stressed continued ef forts to streamline the program In a special message to Con gress outlining the 196566 aid program Johnson said more than a halfbillion dollars will be used for weapons and economic help to counter Communist guer rillas in Viet Nam and Laos Indeed million may not billion proposed by Presi dent Harry S Truman in 1952 Administration officials de scribe the new proposal as a uiiousii He said he would ask an int tional openend standby author ization for use if he decides later that more money is need ed to protect our interests there against the Reels fron tal attack The presidential message left undecided some touchy matters that are likely to come up in j will not cut deeply into it Such reductions in the past have ranged as high a billion dollars Sketching the aims of Ihe pro gram Johnson told Congress that amid the conflict and con fusion of a turbulent world the United States holds firm to its primary goal a world of sta bility freedom and peace strength They would use their skills to forge new chains of tyr anny We would use ours to free men from the bonds of the past he said The beauty rnd abundance of the state are beyond the leg endary dream of the promised and the governor said Ou potential stands like a tall build ing against the sky Hughes delivered his remark immediately after he took th oath of office administered b Iowa Supreme Court Chief Jus ice Theodore Garfield for hi second term as governor L If private investment is to flourish at the optimum level he said we must be willing to make the public investments nd governmental reforms re uired to assure contiuiing eco omic growth To this end Hughes recom mended establishing a statcvide ystem of area vocational tech ical schools development of a ourist and travel promotion program in the Iowa Develop ment Commission and enact Gov Robert Fulton Waterlo Democrat also was sworn in b the chief justice The House chamber decorat ed with bouquets of white gladio ment of a uniform commercial code to bring Iowas laws deal ng with commercial transac ions of all kinds up to date He also recommended elim inating the moneys and credits ax and providing some other means of replacing the lost revenue which goes to local governments He called for increased to obtain a fair share of federal Against that background as and red Carnati0ns was Johnson said it is to America s micd to capacjty wjth senators JJillLJ i Congress as it begins work on where nations can the bills to set ceilings for anacnjoy the benefits of modern name the amounts of the aid programs for the coming year Herc js our difference with own benefit to share part of her largesse with less affluent peo ples overseas Noting that in rtis Stale of the Union message he had called for a harmony between man and society to enlarge the meaning of life and elevate the quality of civiliza lion he concluded representatives state officials their wives and invited guests to witness the colorful inaugu ration ceremonies government contracts and fed eral researcb facilities for Iowa expansion of programs to de velop greater industrial use of Iowa agricultural products and increased emphasis on the pro motion of foreign trade for Iowa firms and farmers In the field of education Hughes said the main problem in the public schools is to find an adequate and equitable way JH Cl 11X4 J Hughes remarks were piped of fjnancmg the needs of ap through a public address system proxtmately 1100 local school into the rotunda of the State districts He said he would house to an This summons is not could I YVilIVll cannot be addressed to House chambcr overflow crowd make a in this area in his budget mes not get into the Turks walk away from proposed NATO pact The message did not say nc whether further aid will be go ing to Egypt and Indonesia whose presidents have publicly scorned US assistance Administration officials say direct aid to those two coun tries is now small Nevcrlheles there have been protests in Con gress against continuing any part of it WASHINGTON AP Tur key has pulled out of the pro posed multilateral nuclear fleet knocking another pin out from under the already wobbly project The notification was given Washington Wednesday but officials say they are not sur prised The State Department nes i1 Thursday night to 15 has been aware of Turkeys lack 11 nf AntVtii ii flKrktlf t tuft moderation Friday jof enthusiasm for about highs in the months Weather Details on 2 Turkey borders Russia officials speculated that Mosl cows stiff opposition to MLF might have had something to do with the decision Uncle Sams pet tiger already has picked up more than its share of thorns France at tacked MLF violently last month Britains new Labor government has been working on alternative plans Other Al lies are cool In fact West Ger many is the only major Western power to sec MLF in the same and light that Washington does two Turkeys desertion is the first lowever and officials consider t a heavy psychological blow Others it is feared might fol low suit MLF is a proposal for a sepa rate force of surface ships equipped with nucleartipped Polaris missiles and manned by a mixed crew of Allied sailors In this way Americas allies Communists our LBJ Continued on Page 2 sage which by law must be delivered to the legislature be Before the ceremony the Oldifore Feb 1 Gold Singers a choral group Also left open was whether the specific legislation to be sent to Congress later will be in one package or in separate bills Senate and House mem bers are at odds on this Admin istration officials said the eco nomic and military measures might be split this year The billion Johnson is seeking compares with the ap proximately billion he Bills asking for 4year terms annual sessions would share in a nuclear force and yet proliferation of nuclear weapons would be avoided sought and the billion he got from Congress last year Previous presidential foreign aid requests have run up to the DES MOINES AP Bills calling for annual sessions of the legislature fouryear terms for governor and reorganization of state government were filed in the Iowa Senate Thursday Most of t h e measures were backed by Democrats who con trol the Senate this year for the first time in a generation But Republicans also were active governing agencies from holdiDCouncil Bluffs and Allen Shir ing closed meetings except un der specified conditions Five Democratic senators of fered a constitutional amend Ten Republican senators en dorslng a Democratic move to end secrecy in the legislature filed a bill to prohibit all loca ment to have the legislature meet every year instead of every two years Three Democrats dropped in a measure to give the governor broad power to reorganize state government Sens Vincent S Burke D Sioux City Gilbert E Klefstad ley DPerry filed a constitu tional amendment to give fou year terms to the governor and ieutenant governor who now serve two year terms The measure also would re quire that both officials be of He called upon the o increase state aid to local chool districts improve and larify existing school reorgan zation laws and develop meaningful approval stand ards and clarification of the authority to administer these standards1 for high schools For higher education Hughes HUGHES Continued on Pagt 2 the same political affiliation Voters would vote separately for governor and lieutenant gov LEG1SLATURE Continued on SAME DATElfHM
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