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Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 11, 1965, Mason City, Iowa The high expense of water Its a salty US problem By DAVID HOFFMAN New York The newspaper that makes all North lowans neighbors News Service Home Edition VOL 104 MASON CITY LOWA MONDAY JANUARY 11 1965 UOe Paper CoiuliU oJ Two Auoclaled full Lean No 2U this era of with synthetic wool synthetic rubber and synthetic stone cheaper than their natural counterparts scientists have stumbled over a seemingly sim ple problem How to create synthetic fresh water that the public can afford to buy The United States has already spent million on efforts to sift the salt from salt water But despite 12 years of govern mentsubsidized research the average cost of synthetic fresh water is still three times higher than that of natures own On Aruba Island in the Carib bean Sea the largest desalting plant in the world produces about 35 million gallons of fresh water a day But this output would satisfy the demands of only 2000 Americans if US per capita consumption is used as a yardstick Arid region where rainfall is negligible or unpredictable are home for 5 per cent of the worlds population Yet for cen turies thrift and a meager standard of living have enabled these people to survive water or no Two months ago the Depart ment of the Interior and the Atomic Energy Commission urged that another million be spent on desalination efforts through June 1967 But next to no federal money is being spent to capture and use runoff rain water or to purify the torrent of fresh water that washes through US sewers every day Why then is there such haste to perfect a process for cheaply desalting sea water Why then did President Ken nedy declare and President Johnson repeat that there is no scientific breakthrough in eluding the trip to the moon that will mean more to the coun try which first is able to bring fresh water from salt water a a competitive rate The worlds scientific comma nity has mastered techniques for desalting sea water and this fact cannot be challenged At least 31 plants purify salt water every day at naturally or politically parched sites such as Guantanamo Bay Cuba the is land of Eniwetok and Kuwait and Israeli port of Elath on the Gulf of Aqaba Many of the Navys larger ships also convert sea water But this artifical byproduct does not come cheaply For example the four federal 60000 walk off docks 1 in 4 smokers have quit Smoking down but still national catastrophe By FRANK CAREY WASHINGTON AP Sur geon General Luther L Terry Monday reported first evidence of a sustained reduction in ciga rette consumption and indicat ed it might be largely due to the ominous report of a year ago blasting cigarette smoking He said new evidence gath ered from a national sampling of households regarding smok ing habits indicated that an ad ditional 7 per cent of the na tions adult males have quit cigarettes since 1962 That brought the number who have sworn off at some time in their lives to nearly one in four Terry said surveys by the Public Health Service show smoking amorg women also has declined since 196 to a smaller degree but the first time on record in which the trend has been downward If smoking habits had con tinued at the level of three years ago there would be about 35 million more smokers than there actually are today Terry said in an address prepared for delivery to the recently formed National Interagency Council on Smoking and Health He attributed much of the de cline to the report of a year ago Monday that labeled cigarette smoking a hazard to health as sociated it with several diseases and said it far outweighs all other factors as a cause of lung disease Still the Health Service said cigarette smoking remains a national catastrophe An in teragency spokesman said it accounts for at least 125000 and possibly as many as 300000 American deaths each year Terry conceded that his pre liminary evidence on reduced consumption docs not tally with the trends indicated by tobacco warehouse shipments and tax returns These point to a resur gence of cigarette smoking after a pronounced decline last spring The surgeon general said the decline found by the Health Service and other evidence di rectly challenge the charge that nothing has really hap pened and that the smoking habits of the nation are right back where they were before last years report by his advis ory committee The council his forum Mon day is not an official govern ment agency Its members in clude representatives of the Health Service and of 16 federal and private agencies interested SMOKING Continued on Page 2 lysponsored d e s a 1 ting plants can convert sea water or brackish water to fresh at a cost of to per 1000 gallons Alternate health program GOP senators offer own plan WASHINGTON AP S Republican senators are draw ing up a health care plan for ttu aged which Sen Leverett Sal tonstall says would cover som doctors fees going beyond th measure proposed by President Johnson The senators alternative pro gram came on the heels of one proposed in Chicago on Satur day by the American Medical Association The AMA long a foe of plans for Social Security medical care for the aged also said its version would be broad er than the administrations plan The administration measure would be administered by Social Security and financed by a sep arate payroll tax Saltonstall a Massachusetts Republican said the proposal he and his five colleagues would introduce Tuesday would in Fiery rail collision claims five Lone survivor thrown clear Strike on size of crews Work gang cuts opposed NEW YORK 60 000 member Longshoremens Union struck ports from Maine to Texas at am Monday Objections among rankand file union members in New York to a clause in a proposed new contract providing for a gradual reduction in work gangs apparently triggered the strike The walkout in effect is a resumption of the oneday walk out last Oct 1 when the work contract expired At that time President Johnson invoked the TaftHartley Act and a federal court injunction sent the men back to work during an 80day coolingoff period The govern ments injunctive power now is exhausted But the average cost of fresh drinking water in the United States is only 35 cents per 1000 gallons In many areas it is much lower Narrowing this cost gap or eliminating it out right is the goal of the Interior Departments Office of Saline Water The cost gap may be closed in four years according to Secre tary of Interior Stewart L Udall He says that with the big budget increase that is com ing it is now clearly foresee able that we may make the big breakthrough to cheaper water during President Johnsons new term In 1952 when Washington first took an interest synthetic fresh water cost about per 1000 gallons to produce Since then j Photofax FIERY TRAIN SmoKe continues to drift from the killing five members of the crews Witnesses skid flames shot 200 wreckage of two trains that collided headon near Sterling Ohio feet into the air as the engines hit and their fuel tanks ruptured WOOSTER Ohio crewmen burned to death Mon ay in a fiery collision of two heavy freight trains at a dia mond track crossing A sixth crewman escaped The State Highway Patrol re ported four bodies were taken rom diesel engine units of the two trains One body still was pinned in the wreckage The crash shook houses near by in Sterling where the Erie Lackawanna Railroad line crossed tracks of the Baltimore Ohio Railroad The fourdiesel unit of the The White House gave no indi cation of any presidential action in the new strike Informed sources in Washington said President Johnson probably would act only if it appeared Lhere would be an immediate crippling of the national econo my elude some doctors fees and drugs outside the hospital and thus go beyond the administra tion measure which includes hospitalization nursing home care home health visits and outpatient hospital diagnostic services but no medical or surgical bills The GOP senators program would be financed from general Treasury revenues plus contri butions from the states and in dividuals participating rather than through a payroll tax The AMA plan also would sidestep Social Security being financed with federal and state funds plus individual contribu tions according to need It would be joined to the existing KerrMills health care program with the states handling admin Legislative new DES MOINES 61st Iowa General Assembly opened Monday on a rare licans were in a minority and rural power had diminished The changes were reflected by the Democratic landslide in the election last Nov 3 and in a Federal Court ordered rcap portionment by a special legis lative session last year The Democratic majority 101 in the House and 34 in the urged to accept the challenge that has been giv en it by lowans and members ol scientists have slashed the cost by 75 per cent To cut costs further engineers are planning mammoth factories that would generate electricity and as a produce fresh byproduct water A federal study this year pre dieted that by 1975 such com bination plants could produce 500 to 800 million gallons of fresh water a day at a cost of 20 to 25 cents per 1000 gallons Such water still would be too ex pensive for irrigating crops but in many US areas it could be sold for household use at less than current rates World consumption of fresh water actually is rising faster than the worlds exploding pop ulation and industrial uses are largely responsible According to a Senate committee US consumption of water will rise from about 400 billion gallons daily now to about 888 billion gallons daily in the year 2000 In the American Southwest in the Middle East in the Carib bean and South Pacific islands the theft of water already led to violence In the United States recent droughts have ex posed the bottoms of countless reservoirs Millions of square miles of desert await only water to support rich crops Herein proponents say lies justification for the US desalination effort BABY DOCTOR DIES BOULDER Colo ffl Dr Josephine Hemenway Kenyon 84 a noted baby specialist diec Sunday Her book Healthy Babies arc Happy Babies ha been translated into five Ian guagcs istration rather than the federal government The insurance would be written by private companies Here arc the major features of the Republican Senate plan Financing would come from the general Treasury plus contributions by the states and individuals Three plans would be of ered participants They would a shortterm diagnostic package a long term cata strophic illness plan or a pri vate insurance policy option Participation would be lim ited to individuals with an an nual income of not more than Rural and GOP power gone be dated back to the action or naction of this assembly Mooty defeated in a bid for a third term told the Senate that the Republican minority of 25 senators will find many op portunities during the session to express the basic principles of the party This will be accomplished The two houses both were scheduled to adopt revised rules opening all committee sessions including those of the powerful Steering and Sifting commit tees Democrats want to cut down on the power of a handful of legislators who have had a life ordeath control over important in such a way that the whole state will benefit Steffen said the session is or couples with an income of Participation would be vol untary for all persons over 65 ot on the oldage assistance oils All participants would have o pay an enrollment fee rang Iby ng from to a yearcommission is the next step in ascd on income The federal government HEALTH Continued on Page 2 North Iowa Weather outlook Partly cloudy and turning colder Monday night chance of a few snow flurries north lows zero northwest to 16 southeast Generally fair and much coldtr Tuesday highs 8 northwest to 20 southeast Weather Details on Page 2 the merger plans of the Chica go Rock Island and Pacific Railroad and the Union Pacific Railroad Rock Island stockholders vot ed approval of the merger over he objections of the Chicago and North Western Railway by a 71 margin in balloting com pleted Sunday Holders of 2280789 shares or 782 per cent of the 2916911 shares outstanding voted to approve the merger Holders 01 297380 shares 102 per cent opposed it Twothirds of the Rock Island common shares outstanding was needed for approval through positive proposals and and highly controversial pieces constructive opposition he Of legislation This is the largest egislature n Iowa history A temporary re pportionment plan passed at a 964 special session increased House membership from 108 to 24 and the Senate from 50 to 9 Most of the 25 new members re from urban areas The General Assembly is cheduled to last 100 days bu here is not a politician around ivho thinks all the work can be accomplished in that time The session could equal or exceec he record 127day session t years ago Sen George OMalley of De Moines elected president pr tern said that Democrats i past sessions have attempted I be a responsible minority In the future I surmise tha there will be differences opinion on the bills in the no majority he said I hope this comes to pass that enoug of the now minority will join u as we did in times gone by I pass needed legislation Lt Govelect Robert Fulton Waterloo Democrat who wi take the oath of office Thur oth parties were asked to put iside partisan differences Rep Bruce Mahan DIowa serving as temporary hairman dropped the gavel at am to open the House Seven minutes later outgoing Republican Lt Gov William L Mooty brought the Senate to order House Speaker Vince Steffen told the 124 representatives that this legislature turns a new leaf in Iowa history The New Hampton Democrat added that the successes or the failures of this new era Another appeal for the minority to be a constructive party came from Republican State Chairman Robert Ray Addressing a breakfast gathering of GOP lawmakers at a downtown hotel Ray said we as Republicans will be approved or disapproved of by the voters of Iowa on how we act as a minority The enlarged legislature also gave the Democrats a chance for fulfillment of a long time pledge erasing secrecy in committee meetings Rock IslandUP Merger hinges on ICC approval CHICAGO AP Approvali After the vote was announced u Tntnicf oto Tprviq Tansrlon Jr beset with numerous problems Among those he listed taxes re apportionment education re urce development and publi afety Other important issues ex ected to come up are pari lutuel betting on horse races atewide daylight saving time ourt reform changes in th quor by the drink law am chool buses for parochial a ell as public school children Temporary rules were adopt d Monday that specificall liminate and prohibit privat meetings of all standing com chairman of the Rock Island and Frank E Barnctt vice president and general counsel of he UP said they would put the merger before the ICC for ap proval day said in a statement mittees and the Steering an ifting committees The House was the first to dopt the new rules Then the Senate accepted them after a ote was delayed to permit fur her study of the proposals Majority Leader Elroy Maute f Onawa moved for adoption of he rules in the House In the enate Minority Leader Robert Rigler of New Hampton asked or additional time to study the hanges After the Nov 3 election Rig er said Republicans would have no quarrel with Demo cratic efforts to eliminate se crecy The new rules provide that a record roll call on final disposi ion of a bill in committee shal be entered in the minutes The rules also would elim inate and abolish mandatory ex ecutive sessions of the Senate when it is voting on appoint ments to state agencies by the governor The law currently provides that the governors appointees shall be considered by the ate in executive session Getting pulling 107 freight cars was moving slowly into the track intersection when the Erie fourdiesel unit collided with it Chester Winkler fire chief at Sterling which is 31 miles southwest of Cleveland was awakened by the crash less than 200 feet from his house I looked out and saw flames shooting 100 to 200 feet in the air he said The chief said there were four or five explo Extra longshofemen were em ployed in New York and several other ports at weekend overtime pay rates to speed passenger and cargo ships to sea before the strike deadline More than 20 ships left the Port of New York Sunday Scores of ships were stranded in various ports however The strike resulted primarily from the action of New York members of the AFLCIO Inter national Longshoremens Asso ciation in rejecting the proposed contract with the New York Shipping Association Agree ments reached between the ILA and the association which rep resents 145 shipping and steve doring companies traditionally set the pattern for contracts in other ports There also were sions and I figured I couldnt get my men close for a while It was several hours before the fire was controlled The only survivor of the en gine crews was Clyde H Mas ters 54 of Marion Ohio an Erie brakeman He was thrown clear I heard a crash and the next thing I knew I was flying through the air Masters said He told patrolmen he had gone to the trailing unit of the engine because of a problem with the radio Killed were Erie engineer Donald Narney 42 and a would fail contract disputes on local issues in several South Atlantic and Gulf Coast ports Union President Thomas W Gleason said he was shocked by the contract rejection in the Port of New York in a union membership vote last Friday HP had called the contract the best in the 72year history of the union Asst Secretary of Labor James J Reynolds said Sunday that the New York stalemate was caused by failure of the union membership to under stand the contract terms Rey nolds said he thought the strike men of Gleason said the Engineercarf H President would seek engineer can K JJUCK meetings of all the unions lo rid of this longstanding secret procedure will require a change in many laws Democratic lead ers said Monday they plan to introduce such changes V i r wil cals here Monday or Tuesday to chel and fireman G S Wil liams all of New Castle Pa Two men in the Erie caboose escaped injury They were iden try to sell the contract and get another vote on it Reynolds went to Washington jmj v tified as Fred Vestal and N Tyson both of Marion Reports claim second Mississippi confession JACKSON Miss WVTwenty three Mississippians Monday were taking a second look at evi dence in the slaying of three civil rights workers Armed with what it says is a confession the Justice Depart I hope both parties will asment went before a 23mem The proposal would give Roi Island shareholders one share a new UP preferred stock with a pledged annual dividend return for the first three years and convertible within a speci fied period into 85 share of UP common stock The new UP preferred stock would have vot ing rights A merger of the two carriers would give the UP a direct en try into Chicago sume their new responsibilitiesjker federal grand jury here They are seeking indictments in the death of Michael Schwerner 24 and Andrew Goodman 20 both of New York and James Chancy 21 a Meridian Negro 1 On the inside Editorials 4 Society news 1011 Sports news 1314 Bowling news 15 The Justice Department rests much of its case on a written statement it claims it obtained FBI would neither confirm nor deny this Charges against 21 men ar rested in the June 21 killing including Neshoba County Sher iff Lawrence Rainey and Chief Deputy Cecil Price were dropped after a Dec 10 prelimi nary hearing in Meridian US Commissioner E s t h e r Carter declined to admit test mony by an FBI agent on an alleged confession The government claimed Bar Latest markets Ujfrom Doyle Barnette of Cullen Mason City news 1617 La Comics However there was a report Clear Lake news said to have come from gov North Iowa 20ernment sources that other Transit timetable 22cvidcnce also includes a state Classified pages 2223Jment from another man The nette made a statement to the FBI after a threeday period in November ThL came one month after the grand jury tool its first look at evidence in th triple slaying and returned n indictments The jury met at the fcdcra Post Office building with US to report to Secre tary Qf w wmard wirtz but he was due back in New York Monday for a scheduled meeting with the ILAs 23men executive council Gleason called in the officials from tha affected ports for what he de scribed as a strategy meeting The proposed New York con tract was rejected by a vote of 8722 to 7957 There are 24000 ILA members in the Port of New York ist Judge Harold Cox of Jackl The main rankandfile objec on presiding tion here appeared to be to the Since murder is a federal ofclause providing for gradual ense only when committed on reduction of the size of work JS property the Justice Degangs from 20 to 17 men over artmcnt was expected to press the term of the fouryear agree or civil rights violations If no indictments are ment Employers have sought refor years to get the gang size urncd there is a possibility cut because of automation of late charges might be sought much of the work Gov Paul Johnson said re cently that all information would be made available to district attorney and county at orney and if they felt there was fficient evidence to warrant an indictment of anyone who las violated the law those in dictments would be sought The federal government has spent almost three months preparing the governments case since the bodies of the SAM three were unearthed from a damsite outside of Philadelphia ia PMI 14
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