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Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 5, 1965, Mason City, Iowa leads the Senate Independent voting record WASHINGTON AP Sen Russell B Long Southerner who has opposed some key ad ministration bills in the past has won election as assistant Senate majority leader a post officially known as whip The chubby Louisiana senator has foughtequally bard how ever in behalf of other key measures sought by the Ken nedy Johnson administrations as his judgment dictated He indicated in an interview he doesnt plan to change his independent stance Im not an obstructionist Long said in discussing matters I take my position and I vote for it His election to toe assistant leadership oyer two personally popular rivals Sens John 0 Pastore DRL and A S Mike Monrpney DMont gives him a prestige position marking a clear milestone in his rise on the Washington scene He also is next in line to suc ceed Sen Harry F Byrd DVa as chairman of the powerful tax writing Senate Finance Committee Byrd will be 78 on June 10 Long opposed both the Ken nedy and Johnson administra tion on civil rights legislation the limited nuclear test ban treaty foreign aid and social security financing of health care for the aged But he also backed the ad ministration to the hilt on many other issues and placed his own prestige on the line with Louis iana voters by waging a vigor ous fight in behalf of Johnson in the 1964 election campaign It was Long who became the Senate floor manager for the 1964 KennedyJohnson tax cut bill which was enacted over the sturdy opposition of Longs friend Byrd and other conser vatives His skilled handling of the bill caught attention Long is tho son of the Uto Huey P Long who ruled Louis iana politics as governor and senator until he died in a hail of bullets from an assassins gun in 1935 The son elected to the Sen ate in 1948 to fill the un expired term of the late Sen John H Overton has been re elected three times since He has avoid ed the flamboyance displayed by his father in politics But like the celebrated Huey he has campaigned as champion of the poor and a fde of monop olists Russell Long is known to his colleagues as an astute politi cian and a tough man in a de bate who nevertheless has the knack of making his points with out making enemies His sen atorial friend ships include strongly liberal as well as strongly conservative members Long is staunch member of the Dixie bloc of senators which year after year has fought liber als efforts to change Senate rules to make it easier to choke off pet weapon in their fights against civil rights bills Id imagine Id vote the way I did in the past Long said when asked about this issue He said he also still opposes financing health care for the aged through social security but added suppose Id con sider some alternative method of financing it He said he voted for the Kerr Mills plan which provides fed eral grants to the states for health care of the elderly Long is a product of Louisiana public schools and Louisiana State University He is a World War II naval veteran who served in the Mediterran ean Born Nov 3 1918 in Shreve port he makes his home now in Baton Rouge and Washington He married his college sweet heart Miss Katherine Hattic They have two daughters Rita Katherine and Pamela Rust Long inside The Globe OFFER 119 Adult Educa tion classes in city Page 20 COUNCIL approves million budget Page 17 Editorials 4 Society nows Clear Lake newsK Sports nows North Iowa Latest markats i II Mason City news 1a17 ComicsII Farm nows North Iowa Weather outlook Partly ctourfy naaday CoUar nifjrt lows 5 north to IS UtHe temperature change 2to north ta 30s Muth V V Tht ntwspoptr that makes all North lowons neighbors Edition VOL 1M MASON CITY IOWA TUISDAY JANUARY S 1HS Utt Two Ortlao OM PMM l Me 2tt programs unveiled Will they get Saturn to the By B AVID HOFFMAN New York Herald Tribune News Service CAPE KENNEDY Fla The elevator would have burst through the roof of Floridas tallest building Its last stop was a windswept iron platform 340 feet above the palmetto scrub of Merritt Island near the top of a brilliant or ange launch tower the moon rockets mov ing Looking down at the incredible sprawl of spaceport the takeoff point for lunar explora tionj the man from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration declared Theres absolutely no doubt in my mind that those rockets will get to the moon But I just cant believe theyll ever get the rocket on the pad The steel skeleton of the Vehicle Assembly Building largest structure in the world is 35 miles to the west of Pad A of launch Complex 39 the gateway to the moon Between the two lay a dirty shallow slough that Floridians call the Banana River A causeway already crosses it COULD BE DISASTER Sometime in 1967 a bizarre vehicle look ing much like a huge army tank with its top slashed off will crawl along this causeway to the seashore pad One of NASAs mobile launch ers a skyscraper in itself will be on top of it Standing upright on story base of the mobile launcher will be a Sat urn 5 moon rocket completely assembled Top speed of the procession One mile per hour If you can imagine a flatbed trailer roll ing up Pennsylvania Avenue toward the Cap itol dome Two Washington Monuments are lashed erect to its back The 35 mile journey consumes eight hours The trailer and its load weigh 9000 tons as much as a new Navy cruiser As the trailer creeps along its treads depress the pavement 35 inches If the top of either monument sways more than one tenth of one degree the whole load may tum ble in af 500miIlion disaster Yet the trailer must climb a five degree grade The structural steel shell of the Vehicle Assembly Building VAB in NASA jargon has climbed to 375 feet But the completed struc ture will tower 525 feet above the Cape land scape Informed that VAB would be the worlds largest building in terms of volume a visiting Chieagoan snorted that the Merchandise Mart would dwarf it ROOM FOR PENTAGON A NASA mans rejoiner Our VAB will hold your market with enqugh room left over for the Pentagon And he was not jesting Months before the first US astronauts embark for the moon the rockets to propel them and the spacecraft to shelter them will arrive at Merrit Island The first stages of Saturn 5 will be towed on barges through Port Canaveral and along the Banana River to a dock a few hundred yards from the VAB Like children building a tower with an erector set space engineers then will pile the SATURN PROJECT Continued on Page 2 PMMu GIANT the gigantic Saturn rocket to ita launch pad for the Apollo moon shot has been compared to moving two Wash ington monuments sitting erect on a truck up Pennsylvania Ave to the nations capitol The 35mile journey would take eight hours Invites Reds to the US New LBJ move of friendship By JOHN M HIGHTOWER AP Special Correspondent WASHINGTON AP In a dramatic move to open a new era of friendly relations with the Soviet Union President Johnson has issued an informal invita tion to the new Soviet leaders to visit the United States He is prepared to consider favorably an invitation to make a trip to the Soviet Union I am sure the American peo ple would welcome a chance to listen to the Soviet leaders on our television Johnson de clared in his State of the Union message Monday night as I would like the Soviet people to hear our leaders I hope the now Soviet lead ers can visit America so they can learn about this country at first hand The Soviet Embassy was in formed of Johnsons statement to the Congress and by radio and television to the country a few hours in advance of its de livery This diplomatic nicety rein ffie Presidents interest in opening negotiations with the Russians about a visit here or an ex change of visits Depending on their reaction the trips could be arranged for some time this year The President alto disclosed that he hopes to visit Western Europe and Latin America this year White House officials said he is ready to accept an invita tion from President Charles de Gaulle to visit France despite differences on Atlantic Alliance policy between Franceand the United States It is expected that arrangements will be worked out for Johnson to visit also a number of other Euro pean countries including Brit ain West Germany and Italy Tho President did not specify any occasion for a visit to Latin America Officials said he pre sumably means to go to South America and it is understood that there has been some talk among Western Hemisphere governments of having an inter American summit conference in Brazil inthe spring Johnson set his invitation to the Russians in the context of a policy of dealing in different ways with different Communist countries Ho said in the foreign policy section of his State of the Union message that during the last four years the years of the Kennedy and Johnson adminis trations no new nation has become Communist and the unity of the Communist empire has begun to crumble The last was an evident reference to the Soviet Unions continuing dis pute with Communist China There is no longer a single threat the President said There are many They differ in intensity and danger They re quire different attitudes and different answers With the Soviet Union we seek peaceful understandings that can lessen the danger to freedom If we are to live together in peace we must come to know each other better New education advances Large cut in excise tax War on poverty disease New legislation on rights WASHINGTON AP Presi dent Johnson turned his atten tion Tuesday to the preparation of special messages to Congress asking for a big new education program a substantial cut in excise taxes expanded efforts to fight poverty and disease and new civil rights legislation All these items a sur prise bid for an American visil by the new leaders of the Soviet Union were dealt with in broad terms Monday night in Johnsons State of the Union WATCH AND TEXT President JohnToiTwith a wrist watch resting beside the text of his State of the Union speech spells out his general requests to a joint session of Congress message nation to Congress and the Now comes work on detaitec followup messages the first o which this Thursday will spell out Johnsons call for a mas sive attack on crippling and kill ng diseases Normally presidents wait until after Inauguration Day to start dispatching special mes sages White House associates said Johnson wants the legisla tors to get an early start on his manysided programs The State of the Union mes sage urged this as the time to give increased attention to prob lems at home But it dealt too with a suggestion that leaders of the Soviet Union visit the United States And Johnson slipped in announcements that he wants to travel to Europe and Latin America this year Johnsons 4000 word sage read personally at an unu sual evening session of Con radio CONGRESS LISTENS TO STATE OF UNION MESSAGE Photofu Congressional leaders see victory for LBJ programs WASHINGTON W The House and Senate Democra tic leaders who bear respon sibility for seeing the pro gram through liked it Attainable goals which all Americans can under stand and appreciate said Senate Democratic Leader Mike Mansfield of Montana I predict the achievements will be monumental said Rep Carl Albert of Okla homa the House Democratic leader Key committee chairmen were brimming with opti mism I think were of a mind to give him anything he wants said Rep William L Dawson DI11 whose Gov ernment Operations Commit tee will handle housing and urban problems As for the pro posal to improve education a ranking Republican on the House Education and Labor Committee Rep Peter Fre linghuyscn of New Jersey said I would assume he would get just about what he wants Sen Strom Thurmond R S C condemned it as a frightening package of gen eralities and omissions and an attempt to achieve a mythological Socialist Utop ia Senate Republican leader Everett M Dirksen A glow ing blueprint for paradise perhaps its essential weak ness was that it undertakes to redress every need both for eign and domestic House Speaker John W McCormack Truly a great message representing sound progress on the domestic level and a strong desire for a peace based on understand ing and good faith House Republican leader Gerald R Ford The ulti mate goals set forth in the Presidents message are the goals of all Americans and have been the goals of Amer ica since its beginning There are honest questions on the implementation of the pro grams to achieve these goals Assistant Senate D e m o cratic leader Russell B Long A fine speech Some of his suggestions are new and should be explored by the proper legislative commit tees Assistant Senate Republican leader Thomas H Kuchel To judge his pathway toward the Great Society must await the specifics of a legis lative roadmap gress was broadcast by and television networks In the crowded House cham ber at least it was well re ceived The President was inter rupted 57 times by applruse much of it from the Democratic side of the aisle There was one burst of approving laughter and one shout of Atta boy in the 47minute address On the home front Johnson mixed new proposals with re treads For example he wants billion this year for a new aidtoeducation program that would help low income school districts provide books for students at both public and parochial schools and extend scholarships and guaranteed loans to needy college students A substantial excisetax cut which House officials said could approach billion Either a new law or a con stitutional amendment a point yet to be decided to eliminate every remaining obstacle to the right and opportunity to vote Johnson said the aim here would be to help Negro Ameri V Medical insurance for aged under Social Security and higher Social Security benefits Changes in the TaftHartley Labor Relations Act which aides said would include a pro posal to repeal the controversial section 14B that authorizes states to enact laws barring compulsory unionism socalled right to work laws A change in congressional rules to permit speedy enact ment of a temporary income tax cut to help fight any recession that might develop But Johnson said he predicted continued prosperity Federal power to combat air and water pollution new moves to beautify the side and thecities expanded conservation measures new moves to fight crime and foster culture A study of ways to cut the cost of farm aid programs and to direct more of our effort to the small farmer who needs help most An immigration law based on the work a man can do and not where he was born or how he spells his name A doubling this year of the fund to finance anti poverty programs and the start of a massive attack on crip pling and killing diseases Johnson even made what White House officials acknowl edged was an indirect reference to birth control saying he would seek new ways to use our knowledge to help deal with the explosion in world population and the growing scarcity in world resources More soldiers sent to Viet trouble spot SAIGON South Viet Nam AP The South Vietnamese government deployed more sol diers around Bjnh Gia Tuesday anda counteroffensive against the Viet Cong appeared to be under way Sporadic sniper fire was re ported during the night and a road convoy was hit with small arms fire but casualties were light The area 40 east of Saigon was quiet Tuesday Boundary settlement is ordered DBS MOINES AP The boundary dispute between Iowa and Nebraska must be settled by the 1965 Iowa Legislature Gov Harold Hughes said Tues day Hughes said he plans to sup port a proposal that would es tablish the boundary in the mid dle of the Missouri River That plan would give the Iowa town of Carter Lake to Nebraska Much of the dispute over the boundary in recent years has hinged on the location of Carter Lake which is on the Nebraska have voiced strong objections o being given to Nebraska They contend they would be an nexed by Omaha One of the proposals by an bwa committee studying the dispute calls for the Nebraska pass a bill pro hibiting Omaha from annexing arter Lake without the con sent of the townspeople Hughes said he supports that proposal and added that both states are wasting a lot of money await ng a settlement of the bounda ry This is a matter that should be taken up Hughes told newsmen Even if we reach an agreement this year it still will be at least a decade before le gal entanglements end proper ty rights are Some landowners in the areas along the Missouri which are in dUpu3 now do not pay taxes to either state because nobody side of the river adjacent to knows whether the land in Omaha Many residents of the town volved in Iowa or In Nebras ka Malaysia buildup continues SINGAPORE AP Fifty more paratroopers arrived from England Tuesday as part of a British buildup to help Malaysia meet Indonesias threat to smash the federation Britain has flown in 100 para troopers and the remaining 400 men from the crack 2nd Para chute Battalion are due by Thursday Another 500 men of a Gurkha battalion are coming by ship from Hong Kong raising the total of British and other Commonwealth troops in Ma laysia to more than 7000 taM Malaysia ahw has asked for more helicopters rom Britain to speed the move ment of troops in jungle warfare gainst Indonesian guerrillas he request is expected to be discussed when Britains new hief of the general staff Gen lir James Cassels arrives Jan 4 to survey the situation The Malaysian government announced Monday it would re aliate under the rule of hot ursuit should Indonesia at tack in force Indonesias an nouncement that it was with drawing from the United Na tions came after intelligence reports that Indonesia is masa ng forces at bases surrounding Malaysia At tho United Ineom sias chief UN delegate L N Palar said be would close fee Indonesian mission this week and go borne to talk things out Some sources expressed bettef that Palar hoped to persuade President Sukarno not to make the withdrawal final But tho biggest surprise doubtless was his suggestion that members of the new Soviet hierarchy visit the United States Declaring that Americans and Russians must come to know each other better if they are to live in peace Johnson said I hope the new Soviet lead ers can visit America so they can learn about this country at first hand To emphasize that this was no idle remark administration sources quickly disclosed that few hours before Johnson spoke the Soviet Embassy was ap proached informally on the idea
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