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Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 26, 1964, Mason City, Iowa Feathers for US emergency Dont laugh its for real By DOM BONAFEDS New York Herald News is not day that is likely to go down in history but nonetheless on Aug 31 1950 the US Government declared goose feathers a stra tegic material critical to the national security At firstglance this seemec a featherbrained idea The government however actec with reason At the time the Korean War was on Red China the princi pal source of goose feathers closed U S buyers Anc because the memory of World War II was still fresh the gov ernment went on a buying anc stockpiling kick As any goose fancier knows goose feathers are fine insula tion against the cold They ar stuffed inside clothing sleeping bags and evacuation bags fo the wounded They also ar used in medical pillows A stockpile objective of 8 million pounds was fixed Sub sequently the governmen bought and stored 886 million pounds of goose feathers mos of which came from Europe Thailand Taiwan and domesti producers Today the Office of Emer gency planning it determine what materials are to be put in the national stockpile on th basis of war objectives feels necessary to keep only abou three million pounds on hanc So it is trying to get rid of surplus in excess of five millio pounds The goose feather episode i not the only albatross the OEF has carried around its neck Say hog bristles or castor o and people smile Its like men tioning Brooklyn on television Whisper opium and the im agination runs rampant Yet all g bristles castor oil and opium lik goose or hav been classified as strategic ma terials So have sperm oil an synthetic rubies and sapphire Each was considered essen tial to waging war Hog bristle used for paint brushes castor oil as an ingredipuf fo paints varnish printing ini hydraulic brake fluid and as derivative for jet engine lubr cants opium imported from Turkey and India for medic nal morphine and as a raw m terial for codeine Sperm oil which is waxles odorless and tasteless is val able as a frictionreducing in dustrial oil It comes from th head of the sperm whale Syn thetic rubies and sapphires ar needed for the manufacture jewel bearings and are used aircraft mechanisms electric gauges and ballpoint pens Because of its stockpiling c these seemingly oddball item the OEP and the General Serv ices Administration the agency that manages the program have been the butt of countless jokes and the target for some congressional criticism In a way the American Eagle has been pictured as being part squirrel That is the picture some critics paint of the federal stockpiling program but the OEP and GSA are proud of it In reality the great bulk of the 76 items stockpiled as stra tegic and critical materials are minerals such as aluminum cobalt copper mercury titan ium sponge tin tungsten and zinc Basically the job of the OEP is to make sure the USs war materials cupboard does not be come bare The program first started in 1939 with the passage in Con gress of The Strategic Materi als Act authorizing funds for the purchase of certain metals led to the 1949 stockpiling law and the 1950 Defense Produc tion Act Today at 158 sites across the country in warehouses storage depots and military installa t i o n s the government has stockpiled some 50 million tons of strategic materials valued at more than billion Woman leading Cuba guerrillas MIAMI Fla AP A wom an known as La Capitana The Captain is reported leading an antiCastro guerrilla band of 40 men in central Cuba In the last effort to capture her 600 soldiers were put into action but she eluded them said Jose Rodriguez 19 a newly arrived refugee North Iowa Weather outlook Much coldtr Thursday and Friday with rwar cold wav in north Thursday lows to around 5 above Friday around 10 Occasional snow Friday The newspaper that makes all North So wans neighbors Home Edition VOL 104 MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY NOVEMBER 2o 1964 IOc ConsljU o Four AsiocUted Preu Full Ltut Wlrii No 249 Ship torn in half 16 die Rescue under way for 200 hostages in Congo By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A nation grateful for ners It was THANKSGIVING Jim Fagerle and Carolyn Lee Roosevelt School fifth graders duplicate their bulletin board in giving thanks For more on the class costumed Thanksgiving observance and meal as viewed by GlobeGazette Pho tographer Jo Moore Stewart see Page 14 Grateful nation in pause for thanks the ilessings of peace and prosperi ty celebrated Thanksgiving Day Thursday with prayers parades family reunions and turkey din a nation that could hardly forget the somber mood of last Thanksgiving which came within a week of the as sassination of President John F Kennedy President Johnson said in a message to the armed forces issued in Johnson City Tex Today all Americans thank the blessings of the Lord for the bounty of their land In homes Johnson family to gather for a fate dinner JOHNSON CITY Tex AP President Johnson and his family will gather at dusk Thursday night to carve the traditional Thanksgiving turkey at their ranch home Daughters Lynda Bird 20 and Luci Baines 17 were flying in from Washington for the oc casion The girls hoped to get to an afternoon football game in Austin 65 miles away between Lyndas old school the Univer sity of Texas and Texas The President did not plan to attend the game But he agreed to delay dinner so the girls could enjoy it A at peace in houses of worship that are untouched by rancor or anger families are gathered in gratitude for all that God has them and for the blessings Jiat he has rained upon our na ion He noted that many service men would not be with their Families But all of us here at aome remember you with grati tude he said Mrs John F Kennedy and icr children Caroline who will be 7 Friday and John who was 4 Wednesday spent the day with her brotherinlaw Sen elect Robert F Kennedy in Glen Cove NY Across the nation families gathered for the holiday Heavy rain in the East and blowing snow in the Plains disrupted transportation on the holiday eve Many flights to John F Ken nedy Airport were diverted to other cities Wednesday night The rains slowed bus and auto mobile traffic in the New York metropolitan area Churches held special serv ces and in some communities Protestants and Catholics joined n a common observance of Thanksgiving a practice begun ast year in the new spirit of church unity The day was celebrated in Plymouth Mass which most Americans think of as the site of he first Thanksgiving and in Virginia which claims that Berkeley Hundred near James town Va held the original Thanksgiving Parades signaled Thursday the approach of the next big holi day Christmas They were heing held in New York City Philadelphia Baltimore Albu querque NM Charlotte NC and Detroit among other cities SAME Belgians hit last stronghold BULLETIN E LIS ABETHVILLE the Congo Wednesday retook the tin mining town of Punia ISO miles north of Kindu on the road to Stanley ville air force sources at the Congo Kamina military base said Thursday LEOPOLDVILLE the Congo AP Belgian paratroop ers landed at daybreak Thurs day at Paulis last major rebel stronghold in the northern Con go and swiftly began rescuing some 200 white hostages includ ing seven Americans Intensive groundfire hit four of the seven US Air Force C130 transport planes in the opera tion but all were reported to have landed safely One para trooper was killed and five in jured Initial reports said the rebels murdered 50 whites before the troopers landed in Paulis A US Embassy spokesman here said the Belgians had se cured the town in about tw hours Rebel sniper fire wa continuing however The Belgians shepherded th first group of whites aboard transport plane for evacuatio to Leopoldville The flight in eluded 34 men 1 woman and 1 childrai The embassy spokesman sat 267 paratroopers were flown 1 Paulis 244 miles north of Stan leyville Thursday dramatic rescue op eration was the second and ap parently final operation by th Belgian and American forces i the Congo In Washington high US off cials said the next move woul be to get the paratroop units ou of the troubled central Africa country as quickly as possible In the first rescue missio Tuesday the paratroopers wer flown from Kamina Air Bas near Leopoldville and quickl freed ahout 1150 white hostage at Stanleyville the rebel cap tal The paratroopers made a few excursions through the sur rounding countryside then were pulled back to the Stanleyville airport Mopup operations were being conducted in the Stanleyville area by 650 Katanga gendarmes and 210 white mercenaries who spearheaded the ground drive against Christophe Gbenyes Communistsupported rebels Faced with mounting charges by Communist nations of armed intervention the United States and Belgium wanted to make it AP Photofax SLICED IN TWO Forward half of the Norwegian tanker Stolt Dagali of Oslo wallows in the Atlantic off the New Jersey coast after being sliced in two by the Israeli luxury liner Shalom Prisoners win hearing after coal mine strike Inside The Globe 15TH INTERNATIONAL Thanksgiving in Oaage Page 12 FIVE HURT in crash at west edge of Mason City Page 46 Comics t 4 North Iowa rwws 1213 Mason City 14154 Latest markets IS Clear Lake nowt Sports CubGeistts 35 Society news404142 Classified pages 5455 clear the paratroopers had been used only to save the lives of the hostages In Washington the US State Department said that the Paulis move like that at Stanleyville was deemed necessary strictly for humanitarian reasons The rescue mission within Stanleyville has now been com pleted and the paratroop force withdrawn to the Stanleyvill airport area the announce ment said Only limited scare activity continues in outlyini areas around Stanleyville fo the few remaining possibl evacuees In the last 24 hours how ever it has been clear tha rebel groups have collected large number of hostages 22 miles to the north at or nca Paulis Reports indicate that thi group comprising perhaps sev eral hundred foreign civilians men women and children in eluding seven Americans i in imminent peril In order to the evacuation mission as rapidly as possible and minimize fur ther loss of life a part of the paratroops force has therefore been flown to Paulis A Belgian Foreign Office spokesman said the Paulis opcr a t i o n should be completed CONGO Continued on 2 PETROS Tcnn AP Coal mining prisoners who warned their hostages theres nobody going out over that dynamite ended a rebellion early Thursday t Brushy Mountain State rison Three mine foremen held cap ve underground for 38 hours y the 134 prisoners were re eased unharmed The convicts won a hearing on icir complaints about mail ervice and other grievances a isciplinary committee to invcs igate rules infractions and a romise of no punishment for heir sitdown Im tremendously happy that ve were able to end this in a comparatively short time and without injury or mistreatment to anyone said Harry Avcry state corrections commissioner Avcry said the grievance hearings would start Thursday at the prison in the Cumberland Mountains of Tennessee The rebellion began soon after the prisoners rode the cable cars threefourths of a mile up the mountain Wednesday and went another threefourths of a mile into the pits Prison offi cials learned of it six hours lat er about noon when no more coal came to the entrance of the shaft The convicts sent word over the mine telephone that they wanted to talk to Avcry a pos al inspector a newsman and a awycr By highway patrol car A very hurried here from Nash ville 180 miles away As Avery and Warden John Winsctt went to the floodlit mine entrance about 170 prison guards stood by Four of the convicts talked to the officials at the entrance and returned to their companions who named four others to go to the prison for more talks As newsmen watched through a window Avcry and the four prisoners Lloyd Ryland James Goins Jerry Atkins and Richard Tucker signed an agreement Liner tanker collide 30 dunked in icy sea water NEW YORK Isra eli luxury liner Shalom bound lor a Thanksgiving holiday cruise of the Caribbean with 1076 persons aboard sliced a tanker in two in heavy fog off New Jersey early Thursday Coast Guard and hospital re ports showed at least 16 dead and three missing all crewmen of the Norwegian tanker Stolt Dagali of Oslo A massive predawn sea and air search rescued the tankers other 27 crewmen The Shalom her bow opened and shipping water was report ed to be in no danger of sinking No one was hurt aboard the lin er The radio operator of the tanker sent this word of the tragedy Collided with liner in dense fog Ship cut in two Do not know what happened to after part Ten persons on fore part Thirtythree persons on after part Need immediate assist ance Day broke on a scene of hur ried rescue activity some 30 miles from the entrance lane to New York Harbor The location is about 180 miles from the point near Nantucket where the transatlantic liners Andrea Doria and Stockholm collided July 25 1956 in a similar thick fog killing 51 per sons and sinking the Andrea Doria The 33 crewmen were forced to abandon the sinking stern section of the tanker The Grace cruise ship Santa Paula and a Navy helicopter rescued the 10 from the listing bow Surface ships picked some icamen from the water and ZJoast Guard and Navy helicop ers lifted others in slings and shuttled them to New Jersey hospitals The first two seamen reached he Point Pleasant Beach NJ rlospital soon after dawn One was pronounced dead within minutes About the same time four more seamen were arriving via helicopter at the base hospital at the Lakehurst NJ Naval Air Station They appeared to in pret ty good shape but they were suffering from exposure said the officer in charge of the hos pital Another Navy man there said Within minutes of their being checked they were up and smoking cigarettes all except COLLISION Continued on 2 Dr Rogness message We have someone to thank The worst thing for a person to experience is not somebody to thank anrl the DR ALVIN NV ROGNESS soul is crippled if there is no way of expressing thanks This was the substance of a Thanksgiving message by Dr Alvin N Rogness at a joint meeting of the Kiwanis and Lions clubs Wednesday at Hotel Hanford Dr Rogness is president of the Luther Theological Seminary St Paul and former pastor of Trinity Lutheran Church in Ma son City He was here as speak er for the annual Thanksgiving observance at which the clergy of the city were special guests We arc prone to take things for granted Dr II o R ness charged But look Gods world and we must have a great anchor for our faith in Him and what He has given us Let us give deep and sincere thanks he said for The gift of life Health A job to do The strength to do things you dont want to do but must Food and shelter A free society Too many of us Dr Rog ness continued are too con cerned about providing for tomorrow Often we are robbing ourselves of the pleasures of the moment Remember we pray Give us THIS DAY our daily bread so dont fret over the morrows to neglect the bounties of today Family g a t h e r i n gs on Thanksgiving will be joyful Dr Rogness said even though some of us recently have lost loved ones But we know that life is an island in the archipel ago of God and in His good way He sets us on our feet again The former Mason Cityan had a closing thought that touched on the urgency of modern man Dont always fight to collect Pay your debts in gratitude Let God be recognized as the giver of al good your fullest thanks to Him S
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