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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 6, 1964, Mason City, Iowa The path 3 took to death Mississippis murder story By WILLIAM HUIE New York Herald News Service PHILADELPHIA day I walked along a red clay backcountry road and recon structed the events which cost three young civil workers their lives In u woods area about five miles square in Ncshoba Coun ty there are no white families Only Negro fanners living in shanties owning their own lantl and scratching it out helped by gifts from sons and daugh ters up North and by relief checks for the old folks Its an area for walking The trees meet over the narrow road and the only sounds you hear are birds and woodcutters and an old man singing Youre as welcome as the flowers May I was told We dont bother no white folks and usually they dont pay no attention to us We just lives here and scratches it out The children goes into town on the bus to school and when they gets big enough they goes off to the Army and to Chicago The old folks stays here and some of the young ones comes back when the old folks get down in bed and has to have help until they pass away ago trou area Two one white came in and asked to be heard in the Methodist Church Well I was for letting them speak a woman said So they spoke and we listened About 40 of us They said we was slaves as long as we couldnt vote and they said a lot of young folks was coming here to help us vote They said they wanted to hold a freedom school church and teach us to T h enewspaper that makes all North lowans neighbors Home Edition VOL 104 MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY AUGUST t 1964 UUc Paper Consist of Two PrtM FuU No 153 in ontinue Asia buildup Swift action expected on NIowa drought aid But a few weeks ble came lo this youths one Negro Howard Mitchell dry areas By CHARLES W WALK North Iowa News Director C R E S C 0 Gov Harold Hughes told a group of farmers here Wednesday that lie ex pects swift action from Secre tary of Agriculture Orville Free man on his recommendation that Howard and Mitchell coun ties be named emergency drought areas In a telegram to Orville L Freeman Secretary Thursday in the vote Well some of us was afraid but some of us thought the time had come to stand up and ask the white man for our rights 1 guess the word got out that we was going to have a freedom school Then came a Tuesday night and some of us went to the church for a meeting Just as the meeting broke up andvwe away and some of was getting cars some white men jumped us They came right out of the woods We tried to telllem we was doing no harm but they cussed us and called us lying niggers and said we was holding in these told about 300 Hughes said It is my opinion that immediate action is neces sary to conserve what forage crops still exist and I encourage your action on this matter im mediately Im sure the secretary and other officials in Washington realize that we must utilize ev ery means at our disposal to nelp farmers the governor farmers in the Crcstwood High School Auditorium Hughes and members of his slate emergency Marvin Anderson of the Iowa Extension Service Gene Hoff man of the Farmers Home Ad ministration and Fred McLain of the State Agricultural Stabil ization and Conservation Com answered questions about the conditions involved in the emergency status McLain told the group thai one of the first results of being named an emergency area VIEWS DROUGHT Hatold Hughes discusses North Iowa drought with farmers in the area as he toured parched cornfields in a helicop ter This picture was taken as farmers gathered around Hughes on the Don Busta farm northeast of Lawler Sir Cedric Hardwicke dies at 71 NEW YORK Sir Cedric Hardwicke the English born actor who spent a lifetime on the stage and screen died early Thursday at the age of 71 The cause of death was listed as emphysema a lung ailment Hardwicke had been hospilal ized for about Ihree weeks be fore his death As well known to American audiences as lo British Sir edric spenl much of his pro essional career shullling be ween engagements in London cw York and Hollywood Laughingly he once re marked England is my a my mislress It is very good omelimcs to gel away fron nes wife a freedom school They four of us prctly bad beat slatus McLain that farmers They broke one ladys collar bone And they told us theyd a nominal kill us all if we listened to any and Red agitators One of the white men had on a policemans uni form we all saw him and about 12 other white men just stood there lined up with rifles like they was soldiers Then the while men run us all off and the church went up in flames The two young men who spoke at the one freedom meeting held at Mount Zion Mcthodisl Church wcrc chacl Schwcrner The church was burned while Chancy and Schwcrner were al Oxford Ohio helping train the summer crusaders On Salurday night June 20 Chancy and Schwcrner rclurned lo Mississippi Sunday morning the two with newly arrived Andy Goodman lefl Meridian al noon lo visit the area of the burned church and lo see if the freedom school could not be held in the open under the trees Most everybody along lie road saw the three youths and the slalion wagon A crippled old man who lives within sight of he highway told me Ycssir I saw cm leave here J sec most everything that goes and comes because I cant walk Rood so I just scl here Its about two miles from my house might be that the farmers in the area would be allowed to graze diverted acres The farmers could be charged fee of an acre between for this grazing privilege McLain add ed Farmers normally wouldnt be able to raze these divcrtec acres until Oct 1 Another result of the emergen said might in the area up lo the church come in and go I saw them toward the church Then about 3 oclock I saw hem come back out and get on the highway and turn east Thais the lasl I saw of MURDER Continued on Page 2 would be allowed lo purchase CCC corn for 75 per cent of the support price for feeding to livestock breeding herds This corn could nol be used as fccc for feeder cattle or feeder pigs he explained McLain also explained lha parts of counties could he namec emergency areas This answer was directed at a Winneshick County farmer who pointed on that the western half of lha county is in as bad a shape a Howard and Mitchell Clem Hebel Mason City area farmer asked McLain if might be possible to allow farm crs to retain the 1959 corn nov being stored on their farms Me Lain said that presently tha corn is being recalled but lha he would check willi Washinglon lo sec if this wasnt an income possibility under Ihe rcscal pro gram Farmers receive 14 cent a bushel for 1959 corn stored on their farms Hoffman told Ihe group tha under the emergency stains farmers who had exhausted cv cry other kind of credit won I be eligible for three per ccn FHA loans These loans won be particularly helpful he point cd out to young farmers jus gelling started We realize that credit neve replaces income H o f m a said but these loans coul On the inside DROUGHT Continued on Page 2 Clear Lake newt 3 Editorials Mason City news 478 Latest markets 1 Sports news 18 Society news 1M2 Comics 13 Transit timetable 14 Classified 141S North Iowa U North fowo Weather outlook Mostly cloudy with scattered thowers and thunderstorms Thursday night lows in lew Partly and cooler Friday in low Ms North Viet ruler is a skilled ruthless Red Born in Lye Worcestershire he son of a doctor who didnl vant him to become an actor Sir Cedric staged his first show at the age of 12 a production of Shakespeares Merchant of Venice in which he wrote few scenes to suit himself His first professional appear An AP Special Report By JOHN RODERICK TOKYO AP A shadowy ut famous Marxist ruler of a ittle known corner of Southeast Asia suddenly has become the direct adversary of the United Stales his torpedo boat nests the targels of American bombs Slragglybcarded Ho Chi Minh one time cabin boy cook and Soviet follower is regarded by many in his democralic Republic of North Viet Nam and by quite a few in South Viet Nam as his countrys greatest patriot the undisputed leader of Indochinas war for in dependence from France benign exterior the most singlc HOCHI MINH Behind his hides one of minded skillful and ruthless Communists From his head quarters in North Viet Nam he leads a force in the south that calls revolulionary fight ers of Ihe National Liberation Front bctler known as Ihe Viet Cong Vietnamese Commu Its driving force is said to be about 25000 men trained as guerrillas by Hos northern Fire is fatal to N lowan TOWA man was illed in a spectacular fire started by an explosion which destroyed the warehouse of the Bobzicn Oil Co here Thursday Authorities said the dead man was Robert Bobzicn 47 son of the owner Bobzien was a partner of his falhcr in the bulk planl He op eralcd a tank truck Surviving arc his wife Mary his parents Mr and Mr Grant Bobzicn and Iwo children Fu neral arrangements arc incom plete at the Anderson Home for Funerals in Iowa Falls The fire broke out about am and firemen from Iowa Falls Aldcn and Grant and Lee Townships fought the flames for more than an hour before bring ng them under control No es imalc of damage was immcd alely available The flames engulfed Iwo large oil sloragc tanks but the tanks did not explode The fire also threatened for a time the near by Farmers Coop Elevator Firemen used up all the foam Ihcy had available and Ihen had lo rely on water to quench the fire Communisl regime These are the enemies of the expanded forces ofAmerican advisers to the young Republic of South Viet Nam which is fighting to break the Communisl strangle hold Ihrcatening its existence The two Vietnamese republics that face each other across the 17th Parallel are the troubled offspring of the Indochina war which Ho Chi Minh brought to an end in 1954 By crushing the flower of French colonial ar mies al Dion Bicn Phu Hos guerrilla army of 110000 men conquered a French Union force thai once Jolaled 700000 men during Ihe sevenyear war Ho expected lo dictale lerms lu Ihe defealed French but French and Soviet pressure forced him to postpone total control of Viet Nam in favor of a divided counlry Five years later convinced that unity could never be achieved on their terms Hos Communists began Ihe guerrilla campaign against Ihe south hen led by Ngo Dinh Diem Even before Hos lorpedo boats attacked US destroyers n the Gulf of Tonkin Ihis week here had been increasing lalk n Asia and in the United Stales of Hie possibility of American illacks on North Viet Nam as a neans of halting aid to Ihe Communisl guerrillas in Ihe soulh Ho previously had scoffed al Ihis possibilily Despite his derision Ho is probably deeply worried over he effects of an American South Viet Nam strike at the north or tho possibilily of open VIET BOSS Continued on Page 2 SPACE BILL ADVANCES ance came after he had attended the Royal Academy of Dramatic arts Navy names jet pilots WASHINGTON AP The wo Navy pilots listed by the Pentagon as missing after their Manes had been shot down in he attack on North Viet Nam are Californians both 25 One Lt jg Richard C Sath had been a Navy flier only An area of about four blocks around the oil firm was cvac uatcd when it appeared Ihe oil tanks might explode However Iherc wcrc no injuries cxccpl for the one man caught inside the warehouse SIR CEDRIC America his mistress age of IS Photolax DEAD BOYS and Carolyn Goodman parents of slain rights worker Andrew Goodman express their grief in their New York apartment as newsmen listen Their sons body was one of three found in Mississippi by FBI agents Tuesday Mississippi hunt pressed Await Chinas answer Situation explosive WASHINGTON AP niled Slales pressed its mili ary buildup in Southeasl Asia hursday as officials watched or any clue Red China might g n o r e Presidenl Johnsons arning and slart ils Iroops larching Many officials here doubled icy would They expressed be ief Peking would in general onfine ilself lo mounting a propaganda attack which is al eady under way The Communist charged the United States with aggression against North Viet Nam and declared US im icrialism has gone over the arink of war They said the Chinese people will absolulely not sit idly by without lending a helping hand to prevent North Viet Nam from being subject to aggression Secretary of State Dean Rusk termed the situation explosive in the aftermath of the very successful American air strikes against Communist North Viet Nams patrol boat armada We cannot be completely sure about what Ihe days ahead us may hold Rusk said and the administration braced for a siege of trouble in Southeast Asia ALVAREZ SATHER Everett Alvarez Jr had been flying for the Navy since No vember 1361 He seemed to feel that this was what he wanted to do said Sathers sister Patricia Krincr 28 of West Covina Calif She said that Sathcrs parents were for what he wanted At Santa Clara Alvarez fa ther Evcrctl Alvarez Sr said the fliers family was holding to the hope that he is not dead Young Alvarez was married JACKSON Miss eral and state authorities inten sified their investigations Thurs day into the slaying of the three civil rights workers whose bod ies were unearthed after an ex haustive 44day search Rumors that arrests were im minent were heard from one end of the state to the other But the FBI would neither confirm nor deny the reports In Honolulu Negro comedian Dick Gregory said Thursday he had relayed to the FBI three weeks ago a Setter which told where to find the bodies Gregory also said he had giv en the FBI a tape recording containing names of the killers The three bodies were found wo clays ago in an earthen wa tershed embankment in a re mote area near Philadelphia Miss Andrew Goodman 20 and Mi chael Schwerncr 24 both while New Yorkers were positively identified the FBI said The third body was tentatively idcn tificd as James Chancy 22 Ihe Meridian Negro who had ac companied Goodman and Schwcrner on a trip to Philadel phia from Meridian on June 21 The University of Mississippi Medical Center here where h decomposed corpses were brought for autopsies said al WASHINGTON Wi T h c last December His wife Tan second largcsl annual money hill a Sl35billion appropriation to finance 26 federal agencies has cleared the Senate and gone to the House carrying bil lion for the National Aeronau tics and Space Administration gee collapsed when she re ceived notification and friends said she was put under sedation Radio Hanoi Friday identified the US airman taken prisoner by North Viet Nam as Lt jg Everett Alvarez Jr three had been shot from the front The FBI has refused to dis close any reasons why they ob tained a bulldozer and a drag line to dig into the recently built dam where the bodies wcre found Roy K Moore chief of the Jackson FBI office would only say it was the result of careful methodical planning Ill lei my superiors in Washington do the talking Moore said The Birmingham Ala News n a copyright story Wcdncs lay said a reward of brought into the FBI the infor mation which led to the finding DICK GREGORY Letter led to bodies of the bodies The News also said Ihe names of seven persons linked with the slaying had been given to the FBI The FBI declined comment on cither the news story or the re port from Gregory about the Icl 5tiot to death The bullets were recovered it was reported In Philadelphia Neshoba Coun ty Dcpuly Sheriff Cecil Price said Chancy had been shot three times and Schwcrner and Good man each once Price said he was present in Jackson during a portion of the autopsies and he understood at tcr In South Viet Nam transports roared out of the Saigon Airport in what appeared to be a giant airlift of troops and materials toward the North Viet Nam bor der to guard against the chance of an attack Activity was reported at a feverish pitch at the big coaslal base of Da Nang 80 miles from the Communist frontier Six US F102 jet interceptors land ed at the base sources said and five South Vietnamese army di visions were said to be prepared to fight in the area In addition lo the US jets ar riving in South Viet Nam two squadrons of fighter aircraft have been ordered to Thailand a US Embassy spokesman in Bangkok announced As a precaution the United States rushed more planes and ships including the giant car rier Ranger and 12 destroyers from the Wesl Coast toward the crisis zone And the President delivered a clear warning to Red China or any other nation with a ner vous trigger finger Addressing thousands of per sons gathered at the Syracuse University campus Johnson declared Wednesday To any who may be templed 16 support or lo widen the present aggression I say this There is n threat lo any peaceful power from the United States of Amer ica But there can be no pcaco by aggression and no immunity from reply That is what is meant by the action yesterday Bipartisan resolutions uphold ing the Presidents decision to fight back against North Vict In Washington the W h i t ciiaincc atackswcrc 1ntro ucccl House reportedly was toW thai thc Scna c antl the threepage typewritten Id Wednesday ami wrre expected tor as uMI tnnn rCCCIVC Overwhelming ap proval Friday Secretary of Defense Hubert S McNamara detailed Wcdncs Makes it tough on K Ler as weli as tape recordings Gregory said he received were worthless Sources close to the FBI described the letter writer f as a 30yearold former hc flaninS havoc v by the bombs and rockets of US carrier planes in retalia tion for Ked PT boat attacks on US destroyers in the Gulf of Tonkin he said Navy destroyed or BODIES Continued on Page 1 Vfeaffar r 2 U S action puts Soviet Union on a tightrope In Gt sorties carrier planes damaged some 25 patrol boats heavily damaged four torpedo boats and demolished an oil dc BUILDUP Continued on 1 By WILLIAM L RYAN An AP Ntwt Analysis UNITED NATIONS NY AP The Soviet Union un comfortably walks a tightrope in the dangerous Southeast Asia situation Anything Premier Khrush chevs government docs can be wrong and it seems embar rassed The blistering US retaliation against Communist North Viet Nams torpedo attacks on U S destroyers suddenly presented a new set of circumslanccs for which Moscow may have been unprepared Moscow and Soviet bloc reac tion was slow in developing When it came from Moscow it was in the form of a Tass ncwi statement Authoritative Soviet circles denounced the US action as heating up an already tense sil ualion al the risk of broadened war But this was not yet Khrushchev or the Soviet gov ernment It was as if Khrush chev would have liked to have said lo his tormentors in China and Asia with whom he has been quarreling over Commun isl strategy for years that they got themselves into the jam and could get themselves out Khrushchev could not do that The least he could do was as the Tass statement said call the presence of US planes and ships in the Tonkin Gulf unjusti fied and hostile toward both North Viet Nam and Red China Moscow seemed lo be seeking lime to get ils bearings to delay and impede the proceedings in the UN Security Council called into urgent session al the request of the United States Much is on the line for Pre mier Khrushchev He could hard ly do less than he did which will look like little to the Red Chinese These developments come at a time when the world Com munist quarrel is headed to ward a showdown The Chinese say Khrushchev is loo limid to lead the world revolution be cause he fears a US paper tiger If Khrushchev leaps hurriedly to North Viet Nams side he implicitly bows to Chinas argu ments If he docs not he risks permanent loss of those Com munisls around the world who believe communism can be ex panded only by war 435 SAME DATElH3rH7
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