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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 11, 1964, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspapei CdiUd for The newspaper that all North lowans neighbors MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE Home Edition VOL 103 Prejj and United Prtst International Full Mmr wirea MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY JANUARY 11 1W4 UOc a Paper COMlstJ of Two On NO at Link smoking to death Crises in Panama Envoys meet with Chiari PANAMA AP President Johnsons special envoys began a peacemaking effort today fol lowing Panamas angry decision to break relations with the Unit ed States and scrap the Glyear old Panama Ganal Treaty A US assistant secretary of state Thomas C Mann and Secretary of the Army Cyrus R Vance met for an hour and a half Friday night with Pana mas President Roberto Chiari Even as they conferred at the presidential palace a new flare up occurred along the tense Ca nal Zone frontier The Panaman ian government charged that US troops again opened fire although apparently no civilians were hit Six Panamanians were injured by flying glass No further violence was re ported two days of antiUS dis orders resulted in the deaths of 17 Panamanians and three US soldiers and in injur ies to hundreds The rioting erupted Thursday night after a fight between US and Pana nanian students over flag rights in the Canal Zone Behind the inflammatory flag issue is the broader question of sovereignty over the canal At an emergency meeting of the UN Security Council Friday night Panama demanded that the United States relinquish con trol of the canal Panamas del egate Aquilino Boyd said the canal should be either national ized or placed under internation al jurisdiction As news of the dispute echoed around the world and brought new Communist denunciations of the United States the Organiza tion of American States dis patched its own peace mission to Panama In Washington Johnson tele phoned Chiari in an effort to calm passions as the new admin istration faced its first major international crisis since taking office six weeks ago During the telephone talk Chi ari agreed to meet with Mann and Vance and the two men left immediately by jet for Pana ma Chiari followed up Thursday nights recall of the Panamani an ambassador to Washington with a complete break in diplo matic relations with the United States Charging unmerciful acts of aggression by US troops against Panamas civilian popu lation Chiaris government said only a US promise to revise the canal treaty could bring a res toration of relations UN asks end to conflict UNITED NATIONS NY United States and Panama Saturday welcomed an appeal from the Security Coun cil to end their bloody conflict in the strategic LatinAmerican nation But Panama stood by its de mands that the Panama Canal Zone be taken out of 7S hands and either be nationalized or put under international control The Panamanian delegate Aquilino Boyd said the zone was Panamanian territory but that because of iniquitous treaties Panama was not being given a fair share of canal rev enues The State Department has session Council President Re nan Castrillo Justiniano of Bo livia sent messages to US Sec retary of State Dean Rusk and Panamanian Foreign Minister Galileo Solis pleading with their governments to bring to an im mediate end the exchange of fire and the bloodshed The messages sent with the councils consent also asked them to impose the utmost re straint over the military forces under their command and to protect the civilian population Boyd asked the 11nation council to meet in emergency session after flying in from Panama to press the Panaman ian charges of US aggression and mass murder against Pan am today It was the councils strating for flagraising rights second emergency nighttime session in a month The council convened two weeks ago to hear charges from Cyprus that Tur key was planning an invasion of Cyprus to settle the recent fight ing on the Eastern Mediterran ean island US Delegate Adlai E Stev enson said the United States would comply in letter and spirit with the messages sent to Rusk and Solis Boyd greet ed the message with pleas ure Boyd earlier accused the United States of aggression in I JllUOO 111 LI 1 UVJ turned a deaf ear to the claimsamanian citizens of Panama he said At the end of the emergency Stevenson denied Boyds charges of aggression He said the police escorted the Pana manian students out of the zone but that when disorderly crowds returned they stopped them with smallcaliber fire to protect WOUNDED IN RIOTSA Panamanian the Canal Zone as student the lives and property of Ameri IS carried away bypolice after being tested US actinns can citizens residing there wounded Friday in alongside actions Stevenson said the ready through direct negotiations with the Panaman ian government to try to resolve such differences as may exist Stevenson noted that the In terAmerican sion of the o American States fn Washington Official report released Claims men affected most WASHINGTON UP Smoking cigarettes is a health hazard that calls for corrective action is a major cause of lung cancer and other deathdealing disease especially in men a blueribbon federal panel re ported Saturday In short the panel indicated the more you smoke tho greater your risk of an early death The 10man scientific spending 14 months in its study of available evidence also found 1 Cigarette smoking far out weighs all other causes of lung cancer in men and the data for women point in the same di rection 2 While male cigarette smok ers have a higher death rate irom heart and blood vessel disease than nonsmoking males it is not clear as yet that smok ing is the cause 3 Cigarette smoking is a sig nificant cause of lung cancer in the larynx or voice box in men Peace Commis Organization of The council convened at pm Friday and ended at of Panamanians demon vooiun in iinicumuli oiaies in Washington the zone and claimed US polhad undertaken a factfinding lice and soldiers killed 20 Panmission to Panama adding that amamans and wounded more such local disputes can most effectively be dealt with through regional procedures 300 by shooting into a LBJ orders report on riots WASHINGTON AP The President grappling with dent Johnson has ordered a full his first major international report on the causes of antiUS rioting in Panama including any evidence that Communist agents whipped up mob action day Johnson to fatal extremes of violence US officials said they have reason to believe some Castro jte Communist agitators went into action very quickly make the demonstrations began late discussions On another front Johnson was faced with Panamas demand for drastic revision of the 61 yearold treaty by which the United States exercises absolute control over the Canal Zone In one of numerous ac tions which the government of told the snrcinl on President Roberto Chiari took voys to get on he outbreak of n1 Washington that it was breaking crisis and Secretary of State Dean Rusk were keeping in close touch with Asst Secretary of State Thomas C Mann and Secretary of the Army Cyrus Vance who flew to Panama Fri sisted in the past on a substan tial increase in the million annual fee that the United States now pays to Panama be cause of its use of the Canal Zone He also wants some voice in the management of the canal The Johnson administration has not reacted publicly to Pan amas denunciation of the pact although Stevenson rejected at S 5 H s tc0an h p utiiuuncca me ueaij ilie i wan tnc ranamam y government and US author wants to know whether they played a leading role in arous ing mob fury organizing snip ers and supplying guns and ex plosives for attacks on US Canal Zone installations ities in the Canal Zone lo re store peace At the United Na tions Friday night US Ambas sador Adlai E Stevenson said the talks were under way it denounced the treaty The pact was signed in 1903 concur rent with the establishment of Panamas independence and it has been revised on at two occasions by Panamanian de mand Chiari is reported to have in aggression Officials said privately that tho treaty gives the United States perpetual rights in the Canal Zone to be exercised as if the United States actually had full sovereignty over the zone and that there is no provision in the treaty for denunciation n to start areas tour WASHINGTON AP Mrsjing a flying visit to a distressed WilkesBarre area hard hit by Lyndon B Johnson takes a step area of Pennsylvania today to boost her husbands antipoverty campaign by mak The First Lady scheduled a fastpaced day in the Scranton Russian wheat sales may exceed estimate WASHINGTON were indications Saturday that sales of US wheat to Iron Cur tain countries may exceed the originally estimated 150 million bushels The Soviet Union and her sat ellites now have made tentative offers for about S300 million worth of 150 mil lion a Commerce Department spokesman said may be additional deals The Commerce Department issued five licenses Friday for million worth of wheit to Russia Export licenses for prospective sales to the Soviet Union alone cover sales of million and satellite countries have bargained for another million The Soviet Union Saturday signed a contractto buy one million tons of wheat iii the United States Tass reported in a broadcast monitored in Lon don Tass said the contract was signed in Moscow by Leonid Matveyev chairman of the Ex portkhleb foreign trade organ ization of the USSR and Roy Folk vice president of the Con tinental Grain Corp of the Unit ed States Electric railway merger approved CHARLES CITY The board of directors of the Charles City Western Railway Co have ap proved the merger of the firm with the Iowa Terminal Rail road of Mason City The an nouncement was made Friday in a letter to the shareholders Marvin Soehrcn general manager of the Charles City terminal said Friday that board action must be approved by the Interstate Commerce Commis sion This may take 30 60 or 90 days Soehrcn said The Charles City railway has 19 employes It was indicated Friday that none of the jobs would be affected by he mer ger Known locally as the Charley Western the electric railway has asked permission from the ICC to abandon a sevenmile stretch of track from here to Col well It would continue oper ation to Marble Rock and also a mile and a half stretch on the Cohvcll section to service a Charles City feed mill Having served as a passenger train until 1953 t h e Charley Western since then has been an industrial shuttle service con necting the Illinois Central Mil waukee and Rock Island lines in Charles City The merger still must be ap proved by the Interstate Com Commission and by stockholders at a meeting Jan 31 the directors said Friday North Iowa Weather outlook Blowing snow and falling temperatures Saturday after noon to two inchts of new snow ending Sunday morning Lows lero to 10 low Saturday night highs around zero on Sunday Wtathtr details on pagi Oratory curb discussed Too much talk in Senate WASHINGTON AP The problem before the Senate was whether it has too much talk and too little action After several hours of talk Friday about a plea they curb their meandering oratory the senators quit for the weekend without taking any final action Unlike the House the Senate has no rule of germaneness re quiring its members to stick to the point during debate This lack of restraint some times turns debate into talk of many things of shoes and ships and sealing cabbages and kings It can also be used by a minority group to delay and sometimes block legisla tion To remedy this 31 senators have sponsored a bill to change the rules It would in the words of its chief sponsor Sen John O Pastore DRL require the senators to stick lo the pend ing business for three hours of each deys session Sen Hugh Scott RPa told the Senate he is for it although be considers the proposed rule relatively harmless It is like dropping a single drop of oil on a turbulent sea he declared Its a faint flick er on the part of the Senate that it ought to get about its busi ness How anyone can oppose it I dont know said Pastore Republican leader Everett M SAME Dirkson is one of those who op poses it He contends it could shackle the Senate and be the beginning of the liquidation of the deliberative nature of this body To soften the opposition Pas tore agreed to modify the rules change so that it would not pre vent a senator from offering a nongermane amendment to a pending bill and then speaking on the amendment But he cautioned if you of fer a nongermane amendment youve got to be germane to your ungermane amendment This modification was accept ed But there were not enough senators present to have a final vote on the rules change itself and it was put off indefinitely There is little reason to be lieve thai the Senate will re form itself said Scott who called last years 12month ses sion a monument to frustra tion unemployment in the coal indus try On her first official trip as First Lady Mrs Johnson was scheduled to inspect retraining projects and to dedicate Wilkes College science research building The trip has attracted considerable attention in the Capitol and there is much talk that Mrs Johnson may be fol lowing in the footsteps of Mrs Eleanor Roosevelt a first lady who espoused many humanitar ian causes Asked Friday at the White House how she felt about such a comparison Mrs Johnson an swered Id like to be as good as she was and I have no feel ing whatsoever that I am Mrs Johnson is going to look at the work being done by the Area Redevelopment Adminis tration an agency of the feder al government set up to help communities to fight unemploy ment and economic distress caused by declining industries ARA is a project President Johnson says he wants to ex pand in the unconditional war on poverty he proposed in his State of the Union message Mrs Johnsons itinerary calls for a stop at Goldsmith Mills a WilkesBarre textile plant be ing aided by an ARA loan and for a look at ARAbacked Wyo ming Technical Institute where unemployed coal miners are be ing retrained for jobs as paint ers and lathe operators The highlight of the day will be the dedication of a new sci ence research building at Wilkes College in WilkesBarre to promote chemical and elec tronics industries in this one time booming hardcoal center The major dedication speech will be made by Dr Frank Graham former US senator from North Carolin who is chairman of the 25member Na tional Public Advisory Commit tee of ARA Mrs Johnson scheduled to speak about 10 minutes will bring official greetings of the President COLD CASH NEW BRUNSWICK N J UPI The Marine Bar wiis out in cold cash Saturday after beingheld up Friday by two gunmen The money had been kept in Ihe refrigerator creases the longer you smoke and the more you smoke in a day It lessens if you quitsmoking 5 Cigarette smoking is the most importantcause of chron ic coughing ir ritation of the bronchial and increases the risk of death from that disease 6 Cigarette smoking is relat ed to emphysema a hardening and growing inefficiency of the lungs But it cannot as yet be called a cause However cig arette smoking is associated with a greater risk of dying of emphysema 7 For most of the people in the United States cigarette smoking is a much greater cause of chronic disease of the lungs and bronchial airways than is pollution of the atmos phere While it found all this and more the committee also said that the significant benefits of smoking are primarily in the a of mental the habit originates in a search for contentment Surgeon General Luther Ter ry cnief of the US Public licaHn Service said in receiv ing the report Out of its long and exhaus tive deliberations the commit tee has reached the overall judgment that cigarette smok ing is a health hazard of suffi cient importance in the United States to warrant remedial ac tion While the Public Health Serv ice is not taking the report as its official stand he said the report is already under study and the Health Service will move promptly to decide what remedial measures it should take Terry said that if he were doctor he would warn his pa tients against smoking but if they insisted on doing it he would make sure they realized the risks involved Inside The Globe Editorials 4 Newman Surveyor Church news 47 Society news North JcWa It Latest marketi 14 MMWV City news U1S M ff
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