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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 6, 1963, Mason City, Iowa Abolish must death penalty See story on page 3 EDITION Lets look Into Those Dillinger Days By JOHN TOLAND can histnrv anH unrl4 f By JOHN TOLAND The bestknown desperado in the annals of American crime is John Dillinger a national newsweekly recently decided Within a matter of months he eclipsed this daredevil outlawry of Billy the Kid Jesse James and other Western badmeii now legendary characters in Ameri can history and world literature He stood out declared Public Enemy No 1 officially among all the mobsters and gangsters in the Nineteen Thirties No other robberkiller has risen so formidably in public attention since Dillinger machinegunned his way across the USA There is much to be learned from his career in later day when juvenile delinquency is a na tional problem John Dillinger was an Indiana juvenile delin quent from a wellfixed small town storekeepers household whose criminality and violence were not checked in his boyhood and ran on and on through all kinds of offenses spreading The newspaper that makes all North lowans neighbors MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE VOL 103 MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY MAY 10c copy No 74 Fresh troops added along Haiti border SANTO DOMINGO Dominican Republic AP The Dominican government sent thousands more troops to the Haitian border Mon day for a possible invasion of the neighboring Negro republic gov ernment sources reported They said Dominican Air Force planes were flying patrols along the border and that navy vessels had linked up with US warships patrolling the Caribbean off Haiti Tanks and assault vehicles were reported moving into position The sources said they could not give the exact number of troops sent to the border in the latest movements but estimated them to be in the thousands They add ed that the troops moved into po sitions overnight border area in the central Earlier the government report ed it had about 1000 troops posed at one border point The government sources said light and medium tanks and other assault vehicles were deploying a large border area They did not pinpoint the locations The Dominican forces apparent ly needed only President Juan across the border the word Bosch to from push Bosch is reported ready to send his forces into Haiti at the slight est provocation Except for an occasional truck load of troops passing through the streets Santo Domingo was calm There was no sign that the dominican people had shifted to a war footing Bosch meanwhile met with Alberto Zuleta Angel chairman of an Organization of American States peace mission Details of the conference were not disclosed In Washington the OAS Council had an executive session on tap to study the missions report on the Haitian crisis Zuleta declined to comment on reports that the four other mem bers of his mission were seeking in Washington wider powers to deal with the threat of a ckash between Haiti and the Dominican Republic The two countries share the Caribbean island His paniola Describing the situation as highly tense Gonzalo Facio of Costa Rica president of the OAS Council called an executive ses sion of the council to study the fournation missions report on its survey last week of the situation The Dominican troops were rushed to t h e border town of JimaniSunday night amid uncon firmed rumors that President Juan Bosch would order an in vasion unless Haitian President Francois Duvaliers regime made good on its promise to give safe conduct out of the country to 15 political opponents who took refuge in the Dominican Embas sy in Port au Prince One highly placed source said Bosch was ready to use any ex cuse to set off an armed clash with Duvaliers forces The Dominican charge daf faires in Port au Prince Frank Bobadilla returned to Santo Do mingo with a letter the Haitian political refugees had sent to all foreign diplomatic missions in Port au Prince of bank robbery may hem kidnaping murder John Toiand won high praise for But Not in Shame the story of the United States at var in the six months after Pearl Harbor and Battle the tory of the Bulge He is equally successful in describing vividly n heretofore unreserved detail this different kind of war John Toiand spent months in research and interviews to ch ain all facts on the activities of the Dillinger and interlocking angs There have been other books on Dillinger but none as revealing in detailed truth as Tolands new bestseller The Dillinger Days The GlobeGazette begins an exclusive serialization of the dramatic chronicle CHAPTER ONE Before World War I profes sional criminals were mostly men with little education almost no organization and often recog nizable by their appearance and peech But with the advent of Prohibition America became a nation of scofflaws Out of im mense bootlegging profits emerged a group of businesslike crime empires Public apathy the automobile the tommy gun the Mafia and the mushroom growth of cities contributed to a major crime explosion Urban centers were North Iowa Partly cloudy chance of a few showers or thunderstorms west Monday evening and over much of zone Tuesday afternoon Warmer Lows Monday night in low 50s Highs Tuesday in the 70s Partly cloudy chance of Iowa few scattered showers or thundershowers north and ex treme east Monday night and Tuesday Warmer northeast and extreme north Monday night lows in the 50s Warmer over the state Tues day highs 70s northeast to 80 southwest Further outlook Partly cloudy and continued mild Wednesday Minnesota Partly cloudy north east with widely scattered showers and a few thunder i t o r m s Tuesday Warmer southeast Tuesday highs 62 72 north 7078 south Globe Gazette weather data Up to 8 am Monday Maximum 65 Minimum 41 Sunrise Sunset YEAR AGO Maximum 90 Minimum 63 rribve to up tax DBS MOINES oflmillion additional a Housepassed revenue measure Monday was delayed while Sen ate Republicans assembled their own tax package in a 90 minute T lal cent Majority Leader Robert Rigler The GOP RNew Hampton said the GOP senators found majority sentiment for a sales tax increase with much of the extra revenue to to the State Board of Regents and agricultural land tax credits The plan as outlined by Rigler called for raising the sales tax from two per cent to three per cent and extending it to hotels and motels he said this would produce an estimated to revenue each year The road use tax fund now gets 10 per cent of the two per cent sales tax but it would not get any of the proposed addition On the inside Latest Markets 4 Mason City News 45 Editorials Comics Clear Lake News 1M3 News Quiz 15 North Iowa News U Society News 192021222324 ews in a nutshell PROM OUR WIRE Explosion kills four SANTIAGO Chile Four persons including two infants and the doctors operating on them were Killed Monday in the explosion of an oxygen tank at children s hospital here At least four doctors and eight nurses were gravely injured American survives crash DOUALA Cameroon An American diplo matic courier is the only survivor from a fourengine African airliner which plowed into a mountain Satur day night killing 54 persons The survivor who wavS seriously injured is Jo seph P Capozzi of Elmira NY who was on a courier run from Douala to Lagos Nigeria To dismiss policemen LEOPOLDVILLE the Congo The Congolese government says it will dismiss a great many of Leo poldvilles mutinous city policemen It hints that it believes Fridays revolt had deeper motives than an avowed pay claim would repeal the personal property tax on house hold goods It also would repeal all of the monies and credits tax except one mill but would levy a two per cent surtax on divi dends and interest which Rigler said would balance out resulting from repeal the loss of the monies and credits tax One mill of the monies and credits tax would remain in effect to retire Korean War bonus bonds If the package passes Rigler said the State Board of Regents which supervises Iowas institu tions of higher learning would be in line to receive an increase of about million per year in ap propriations This would bring the total to million for operations and about million for capital improvements The agricultural land tax credit would be increased million a year Rigler said sentiment was against an openend appropriation Death takes Actor Monty Woolley 74 ALBANY NY stage and screen actor Monty Woolley died early Monday at Al bany Medical Center Hospital He had been in declining health in recent months Death occurred at 4 am a hos pital spokesman said The cause of death was listed as a kidney failure with related heart disease Woolley 74 whose trademark was a neatly trimmed white beard mustache lived for many years in nearby Sarato ga Springs He had spent much of his boyhood the resort city and con sidered it his home town He was admitted to Sara toga WOOLLEY Hospital April suffering from a heart ailment was transferred to the Al O and for this purpose Current propriation for agricultural tax credits year ap land is million a The balance of additional rev enue including any produced by legalizing sale of liquor by the drink would be divided among the counties Rigler called this direct property tax relief He said it would be credited against the property owners tax bill on the basis of assessed valu ations Rigler said that there was no guarantee that the tax package would pass the Senate He said he was not sure of whether there were enough votes to pass the sales tax increase The plan includes nothing for increased state aid to schools The bill was expected to come up for debate Monday afternoon bany hospital April 8 The actor often called The Beard probably was best known for his portrayal of Sheridan Whiteside the lead role in The Man Who Came to Dinner Woolley originated the role on Broadway where the comedy ran for two years and later starred in the film version of the play He also recreated Sheridan Whiteside in a 1954 network tele vision production of The Man Who Came to Dinner Bulletin NEW YORK Rel vers a novel by William Faulkner won the 1H3 Pulit ler Prize Monday for fiction The Columbia University trustees skipped any award for the drama J r r f ff Medical bill passes DBS MOINES A bill to appropriate 168 million a year to enable Iowa to participate in the federal KerrMills program of medical aid to persons past 65 was passed by the Senate 490 Monday The bill goes to Gov Harold Hughes who urged passage of such legislation becoming so immense so fast that local law enforcement had grown unwieldy and inefficient Because state and federal laws had not yet caught up with the development of crime the more intelligent criminals could move from city to city and from state to state with comparative safe ty The most potentially effective law organization was the Fed eral Bureau of Investigation known as the Division of Investi gation until 1935 Since 1924 its youthful director J Edgar Hoover had been building a force of increasing efficiency In the spring of 1933 however there were only 266 special agents at Hoovers command and these were often hamstrung DILLINGER AS A BOY This is John Dillinger aged 10 about the time when he first started to run afoul of the police His escapades as the leader of the Dirty Dozen a gang of juveniles he assembled led him into many scrapes with law officers 13225 on May 10 but paper work took time Within a few minutes John Herbert Dillinger heard the news over the prison grapevine while setting collars in the shirt factory He was a short stocky man of twentynine Only one crime was listed on his record A clumsy attempt to rob an elderly grocer His victim and almost two hundred of the leading citizens small bank Long before his parole John Dillinger had chosen crime as his career Dillinger was born in a mid dleclass residential section of ndianapolis called Oak Hill late on June ater his by allowed to except in extraordinary cases and often had to call local police to make a simple arrest To make mat ters worse they received little or no cooperation from a num ber of police officials These 266 agents handicapped as they were led the battle against the new breed o out laws who emerged so noticeably in 1933 On May 20 in that year in th midst of the otherwise epochal Hundred Days at the begin ning of the P D Roosevelt ad ministration Walter H Daly warden of the 2500inmate In diana State Prison was handed a telegram from a prisoners father JOHN DILLINGER NO 13225 MOTHER NOT EXPECTED TO LIVE CAN YOU SEND HIM AT ONCE ANSWER Daly told an assistant to fin ish processing Dillingers papers and inform the father he could sick up his son in two days Governor Paul V McNutt had ordered a parole for Inmate No of his adopted home town Mooresville Indiana had signed a petition for parole In a letter o the Clemency Board J W Williams the judge at Dillin gers trial said I believe if this prisoner is paroled that he has learned his esson and that he will go straight in the future and will make a useful and honorable citizen When Dillinger was released with a cheap suit oi clothes and m tlaW bin bis ball brother Hubert was waiting to drive south toward Mooresville a quiet Quaker farming com munity of about 1800 some eighteen miles southwest of In dianapolis As they reached the Dillinger farmhouse another car was pulling into the drive way In it was a local funeral director Dillinger had arrived a few minutes too late At the burial of his step mother Dillinger told the under taker Im sick of it Im going to go straight A few Sundays later it was Fathers Day he attended the local Friends ChurcK for the first time and heard the pastor Mrs Gertrude M Reiner preach on the Prodigal Father and the Prodigal Son She noticed that Dillinger sitting next to his father openly wept After the sermon the young man old her You will never know how much good that sermon has done me She was to learn that already n the few weeks since his re 22 1903 mother Three years Mollie suf ease he had robbed two super ered an appoleptic stroke and after an operation died His fa pronounced the name with a hard g in the German s t y 1 an unemotional somber man Though kindly he believed any masculine display of emotion even to a threeyear old son was weakness John Wilson Dillinger was a hardworking grocer who scru pulously gave pennyforpenny value He tried to install in the youngster his own stern reli ious and moral principles pun shing him for the slightest mis ehavior yet he could also be ndulgent It was Johnnie Dil linger who had the first new bi cycle m the bVpck who spent the most on fireworks who al ways had enough money to tfea the other children to candy At first Dillingers redhaired sister Audrey 13 years older took the place of a mother Bu she married within a year am soon moved In the next few years Mr Dillinger spent most of his time in the grocery store sometimes locking his son in the house for safekeeping some times letting him roam the neighborhood till after dark He remarried when the boy was nine John from the first regarded his stepmother as a stranger As time unt on he saw his father giving her the af Tection he longed for he grew Increasingly resentful develop ng a sarcastic lopsided smile Not long after his fathers sec ond marriage Dillinger became he ringleader of The Dirty Doz en a neighborhood boys gang n the sixth grade Dillinger was eading the gang members in Hill finding plenty of among the neighbors One day several women asked Dillinger if he would sell the coal cheap er if they helped haul it from the tracks He agreed While the wagons were being loaded one of the boys spotted a rail road detective and whistled a warning The boys disappeared the women were caught That night Dillinger and feU low conspirators were hauled out of bed by police At Juvenile Court all the culprits were frightened except Dillinger He stood arms folded slouch cap over one eye staring steadily at the chewing gum About this time his stepmother gave birth to a boy Hubert Whenever Mr Dillinger showed affection for the baby Dillin ger would sulk Once he told a Dirty Dozen member that when he was rich and famous his father would wish hed been nicer to him After finishing grade school Dillinger now 16 announced hat he was going to get a job Mr Dillinger replied that anyl one wanting to go to work when he could attend Arsenal Tech nical High School was a fool It should have been a most im portant discussion between fa her and son but neither wat able to listen to the other Young John got a job at a umber mill and impressed workers with his mechanical aptitude After a while the mill ike school proved boring and he became a mechanic at a vest side machine shop There Dillinger displayed remarkable manual dexterity He was said he owner very fast and ac curate sober honest and ery industrious At last it appeared as if he had found himself His father was delighted but did not praise he young man feeling this might break the spell Before Dillinger re home in the of the morning Asked for an accounting he ould answer evasively Mr Dillinger was convinced his son was not only getting out hand again in general but becoming seriously involved women He thought one would be to get him early hours with solution raids against the Pennsylvania Railroad They were stealing tons of coal from gondolas of the belt line that ran through Oak FATHER AND BROTHER John I VA I f I I O llrtJl brother Hubert were blamed in part for the younger Dillingers life of crime The affection shown by his was supposedly s rs turning toward ong however sumed coming nto the country away from the citys temptations Mr Dillinger sold his store in the Indianapolis suburb and four houses con trary to later popular belief he was relatively welloff and moved to second wifes home towo MoorcsviUe That fall Dillinger against his will entered Mooresville High School Though wellbe haved he never studied and re ceived failing grades in almost every subject Mr Dillinger was asked to come to school and discuss his sons poor marks but claimed he was too busy Yet he was furious when Dillinger quit before Christmas vacation Dillinger now went back to work at the machine shop com muting the 18 miles to Indianap olis by motorcycle Excessive in everything Dil inger began to read volume after volume of Wild West stor es His favorite hero was Jesse Fames and he would bore his riends with involved accounts f the famous gunmans claimed Robin Hood qualities Within hat the a year it was obvious move to the country had had little of the desired ef ect on young Dillinger He had grown more maverick He was pending most of his spare time hese days in Martinsville ounty seat 16 miles mainly because hed had such poor luck with local girls Here ic loitered around Gebhardts ool hall played baseball and educed those girls who didnt esist his direct approach But there was one girl who attracted Dillinger in a nice way He fell in love with his uncles stepdaughter Frances tiornton He wanted to marry ler His uncle thought they were too young and persuaded ranees to refuse him Believing his father respon ible for thisrejection Dillinger rew more insolent and mutin us He came so dissipated he was forced to quit his job On Sunday evening July 21 923 Dillinger had a date with young woman in Indianapolis But he didnt have the carfare nd his father wouldnt let him borrow the family car DiiHnger walked to the Friends Church where services had just begun nd took the newest car in the parking space In the early hours of the owing morning a policeman ound him aimlessly strolling he streets of Indianapolis Sus picious even after Dillingeri explanations the officer led him o a call box but Dillinger lucked away and fled Next day he enlisted in the Navy iving his real name but a fie itious St Louis address Naval ife suited Dillinger no better ban life on the farm He hated he regimentation went AWOli or about 23 hours and was entcnced to solitary confine ment for 10 days his first im prisonment The following month when his ship the Utah
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