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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 15, 1963, Mason City, Iowa JFK hitches boat ride See story on page 3 The tale of lie detector Are they accurate By STUART H LOORY New York Herald Tribune News Service WASHINGTON A posse of Pentagon gunshoes recently treated the nation to the spec tacle of presidential appointees agreeing to take liedetector tests It took President Kennedy to head the investigators off before they had strapped the well known instruments on men such as Roswell Gilpatric Deputy De fense Secretary Fred Korth Secretary of the Navy and Eugene Zuckert Secretary of the Air Force They were among 120 military and civilian inhabitants of the Pentagon questioned on how a memorandum supposedly locked away in the safe reached the hands of a newsman The hubbub once again turned attention to the capabilities of the lie detector which has been enjoying increasing use of late The machine has gone far since police first started using it more than 30 years ago to tripi up criminals who had rehearsed their alibis to perfection Lie detectors today are used by personnel men trying to decide whether job applicants are hon est by the military in inves tigations such as that in the Pentagon by employers to spot check their employees by postal inspectors by the Fed eral Bureau of Investigation and by any number other people They are used not only to turn up a slight lie but also to establish the general character of a person And yet despite their wide spread use the machines still are the subject of great contro versy No court of law will admit their findings as evidence The critics say the machines are only as accurate as the men who operate them that the machines are subject to all the biases of the operators John of Chicago who heads a firm that uses the de tectors for both criminal and private work disputes the critics He says his firm has run 24000 tests and that the machines are successful 90 per cent of the time Mr Reid said that in 25 per cent of all tests even a relative ly inexperienced operator could tell truth from falsity About 10 per cent of the tests are in conclusive and in only l per cent can a liar beat the machine Mr Reid has been asking the Illinois State Legislature to adopt a law which would make liedetector operators subject to licensing The lie detector operator judges changes in body rhythms as interrogators ask a scries ofi questions The machines are called polygraphs because they trace out inked records of a number of body functions at once One chart traces the pulse rate another the blood pres sure and a third the breathing rate In addition some machines can measure the electrical resistance of a sub jects skin Mr Reid has invented a varia tion that records every motion of the bodywhile a subject is undergoing a test In general the more intel ligent a person is the easier it is to use the lie detector on him Lie detectors cannot be used at all with mentally retarded people Neither can they be used by people who refuse to cooperate in the test Thats the background behind the machine the Air Force gum shoes wanted to use until Presi dent Kennedy called the whole investigation a mistake And now Pentagon people think it will be a long time before any body again wants to use the lie detector in that great gray pile by Uie Potomac SAYS JFK FAILS WASHINGTON UPI Son Taccb K Javits RN Y said Sunday President Kennedy failed to put muscle behind his civil rights proposals i SHOWERS North Iowa Increasing cloudi ness windy and warmer Mon day night with scattered showers and thunderstorms lows in upper 40s Scattered showers and thunderstorms Tuesday Iowa Cloudy and windy with scattered showers or thunder storms likely Monday night warmer lows in the 50s Tuesday partly cloudy with scattered showers east highs in the 70s Further Partly cloudy and cooler Wednesday Minnesota Mostly cloudy with showers and thunderstorms Cooler Tuesday highs 6572 northeast 7078 west and south FiveDay Iowa Temperatures will average 6 to 10 degrees above normal Tuesday through Saturday with only minor daily changes Normal highs are near 60 north to the mid 60s south Normal lows are from the mid 30s north to the mid 40s south Rainfall will average 75 to 1 inch in scattered showers and thun derstorms near the beginning of the period and again near the end GlobeGazette Weather Data up to 8 am Monday Maximum 74 Minimum 45 At 8 am 52 Sunrise Sunset Deadline near ior tax returns The crucial cruel day for taxpayers is Monday Taxpayers have until mid night Monday to file federal income tax returns The Inter nal Revenue Service issued the reminder Saturday in Washington D C THE VICTORIAN AGE An antiiHBombVemorTl strator plants a nuclear disarmament organization insignia on the statue of Queen Victoria outside Britains Windsor Castle as disarmament marchers pass by on their way to London In background is one of the towers of the castles walls in Windsor Eng land The marchers started on the 50mile trek to London from Aldermaston Britains nuclear weapon arsenal site Suggests tax buffe r zone DES MOINES western Iowa legislator says a buffer zone should be established along the Nebraska and Minne sota borders in which the Iowa sales tax would remain at 2 perlopinion when they were up against this same situation 30 years ago George W Murray special assistant attorney general dis cusses the Arkansas plan in his cent if the legislature boosts the tax to 3 per cent The newspaper that makes all North lowans neighbors MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE VOL 103 MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY APRIL IS 1963 ClOc a copy No 54 35000 storm London in FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES LONDON Police clashed Monday with an estimated 35 000 banthebomb marchers who swarmed through Lon don surged around the wails of Buckingham Palace and battled their way through po lice cordons to the Whitehall government buildings The marchers after skir mishing with police in the suburbs penetrated into the heart of London and broke through line after line of po lice reinforcements London police helmets knocked off by the marchers rolled in the streets as the demonstrators surged against police lines No serious casual ties were reported When mounted police rushed in to try to restore control the crowd booed and smashed more helmets from the heads of the bobbies One march er threw an apple which knocked off a policemans hat Traffic in central London was paralyzed as the march ing columns moved determin edly to the Whitehall area seat of the British govern ment and parliament A new flood of government secret pamphlets appeared and several demonstrators clashed with police who moved in to confiscate them at one point along the line of the an nual Easter march One man trundling a wheeled basket loaded with the pamphlets was arrested and charged with assaulting police Marchers were snap ping up the leaflets from per sons shouting Get your offi cial secrets here The pamphlets were a re vision of those circulated aft er the march began last Fri day They contained details of secret establishments to which government agencies would disperse in time of nuclear war Security agencies sought to learn how the information leaked a leakage certain to bring new criticism in Parlia ment of Prime Minister Mac millans government A secret extremist group known as Spies for Peace claimed credit for circulating the pamphlet Some 11000 persons were in the column on the last stage of its hike Detectives min gled with the crowds of youths and girls who formed much of the column dne group threatened to defy police reinforcements and oc cupy Whitehall the street where most of Britains gov ernment buildings are cen tered Official leaders urged their followers to stick to the orig inal plan for a mass rally in Hyde Park Peter Cadogan 42 interna tional secretary of the Com mittee of 100 which urges civil disobedience in the campaign called on his followers to keep going to Whitehall The organizers of the march from Aldermaston an experi mental nuclear center near Oxford said the Hyde Park rally might be calied off if through with the Whitehall plans ews in a utshell Sen Richard Turner HCoun cil Bluffs said in an interview Saturday that the buffer zone would protect the Iowa economy Turner asked Iowa Atty Evan HuHman whether a would be valid keeping the 2 per cent sales tax in border counties if the rest of the state had a 3 per cent rate r r u r r 2 in in out that the Iowa answer along the borders of Nebraska and Minnesota Those two states do not have a sales tax stTed tS Wed need it to keep ourjlegislature has wide discre heads above water Everybodyjtion in classifying and distribut knows that Senator Turnering the tax burden said Saturday And it would be constitutional The attorney gen erals office has given an opin ion providing a sound legal basis for a buffer zone Crystal Lake records first 1963 victim SIOUX CITY W Lester V 65 of Sioux City Turner has in mi n dif the legislature should raise the sales tax to 3 cents on the hold the tax at the present 2 65 of the borders of states withoutdrowned when he was tossed sales tax boat when it struck thp That would give our busiwake of another boat in Crystal ness men a fighting chance Lake in Nebraska five miles he explained and to some dcwest of here Sunday gree it would stow down the Minear was riding in the rear now of Iowa dollars across theof a boat driven by Dr Max T Missouri River and the of Sioux City when FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES Charge US MOSCOW Moscow newspapers charged Sun day that American mines were found along Al gerias frontiers with Tunisia and Morocco 70 killed GUATEMALA CITY bus jammed with Holy Week pilgrims ran off a sharp curve south of Guatemala City late Sunday killing 10 and in juring 3G Bidault hints RIO DE Former French Premier Georges Bidault hinted Sunday he may soon leave his Brazilian exile and renew his campaign to overthrow President Charles de Gaulle Estes gets 15 years Mail fraud EL PASO Tex Republic steel is third company to boost prices CLEVELAND UR Republic Steel Corp the nations third largest producer said Monday it was making selective price about 26 per cent of the totalalso said its earnings for 1962 sales value of all steei products in 1962 The Republic 68 Per centin 195S to 38 millwere the lowest in 15 years its iprofit ratio to sales declining increases 34 a ton ilVtCpulic 68 per cent i on carbon steel products urd b R company in less Pei last year uuuvis than a week and the first by one An investment program of Republic said the selected of the major niilliou in new plant and products listed in its price an nounccmont were in heavy de mand currently and only in cluded some carbon steel prod ucts The increase will become effective with shipments begin ning Tuesday and range in Colorado House passed a bill The dog was rescued but which aimed at getting backmcar who could not swim and some of the business Coloraddiwas not wearing a life jacketUin onc of he most gigantlc Photofax HAIR LIKE DADS Little John F Kennedy Jr has not been seen frequently in close up in recent months but the camera caught him in Palm Beach Fla as he accom panied his parents to private Easter services was losing to Nebraska Theirsank in the water bill would allow Nebraska pcoiwas not recovered pic to shop in a 20mile zone The swindles in the history of our SURVIVES KNIFE The 38yearold Estcs took it calmly I have not entered in a con without paying the sales tax if they signed statements saving they came to Colorado for that LOS UPI purpose mental patient who severed his spiracy and have not intended jright hand and foot with aito defraud anyone Estes said However the State of Arbutchcr knife was reported inin the first words he uttered in i0 a solutionsatisfactory condition Mondaylhis mail fraud and conspiracy I think much more soundjat General Hospital jtrial Race troubled Birminghan is now in a political row BIRMINGHAM A I a Albert segrega tionist but considered a mod crate on the the oath of oftice as mayor of Birmingham Monday amid prospects of more demonstra tions by Negroes fighting the citys racial barriers The mildmannered Bout well and the nine councilmen elected with him had no as surance they would be able to step immediately into the duties of office They were chosen to re place a threeman city com mission but the commission arch segrega tionist Eugene tend their terms have not ex pired and say they wont sur render office without a court fight Sunday 32 demonstrators were arrested bringing to 260 the number jailed since Ne groes launched an antisegre gation drive early this month The arrests came after po lice halted nearly 1000 Ne groes inarching toward city jail where several of their leaders including t h e Rev Martin Luther King Jr are being held A little earlier a few Ne groes succeeded in attending Easter services at two white churches Negroes were turned away from several other white churches Police set up a roadblock as Sundays demonstration be gan at a Negro church on the edge of the business district The Negroes turned into an alley but policemen stopped them in a field Police wagons and patrol cars were packed with dem onstrators Patrolmen bran dished billy clubs and the surging crowd fell back There was some scuffling but no major violence Several demonstrators threw rocks at police A rock shattered the windshield of a police motorcycle Leashed dogs were brought out of patrol cars but were not used in quelling the bois terous crowd Police pushed two news men from the street to the sidewalk A state court injunction was issued Wednesday night ban ning all forms of demonstra tions but Negro leaders said the protests would continue t AIIJ v llin LitALU SU amount from about onefourththe statement said to onethird cents a pound Republic said there have been The company said the labor costs increases total sales value of the selected prodj ing 50 cents an hour during the ucts it is raising rcprcscntslpcriod since 1958 The company IIIUJUL yi uuuvi1 in piiiu imi ed that the company has had no equipment has been started increase in the level of prices since 1958 In fact such prices have de clined since that time while during the same period costs have increased substantially since 1958 Republic said and only last month it announced a new program to in stall basic oxygen furnaces at several of its steel plants Republic said the existing profit squeeze forced it to re duce its dividend by 33i per cent last year in order to con serve cash to help pay for the improvement and moderniza tion program SAME down Sifftjr Department Fffutei Black Flair Means Trifflo Death n Past 21 Hours Hughes to probe home expenses Pleads not guilty on assault ALGONA Edward Burrowsj entered a plea of not guilty oni a charge of assault in district court here Monday Burrows 40 Ledyard is charged with the death of Mrs Robert Scncfclder 41 Ledyard UPI Govimissioners have been reira E Hughes said Monday bursed for amounts up to SI SOO he planned to investigate exper year for home office ex pcnses incurred by members of pcnses ithe State Highway Commission to finance offices at their commissioners jhomes per year plus actual and Unless they have more expenses for their pcnses than I am aware of l Parttime jobs couldnt agree with it Hughes Hughes said some of the ex said penses charged by the commis 1 was surprised to say the sioncrs sounded high to him least Hughes told his news However he said he did not know what the commissioners comdo at thcir residential offices and there was no way to keep ja delegation from visiting a commissioner at his home to petition for road improvements i The governor also said he rec ognized there would probably be somc correspondence required of the commissioners which would best be handled from their homes conference as he discussed pub lished reports that some con House keeps provision 3 Judge Joseph Hand Emmets burg did not set a tnal L w xitd been appointed Burrows at ifeaturc of the bill torncv Burrows was charged s our av ast week after a jury decidedibatc on hc comrovorsia n there was a criminal act volved in the death of the wom MOINES The Iowait u Monday to knock thi k H uumu in1 Cl 1op out Hughes said fining The saiti would JlllllllLllll N I f 1 mane an inquiry to find out how torcrsiarting iis fourth dav of justify the ate on the and how they account urnas a com mnnyHC said he would c u H me whole turned discuss the qucs an Mrs Scncfeldcr s body was down the amendment proposed Wllh members he found March outside anby Rep Maurice Van Nostrand to the commission ibandoned farm home about JR 6138 five miles east of Ledyard j als0 dcfcatcd 7019 a pn Burrows told authorities by Rep Leroy Miller R ier that he had gone out withShcnandoah to eliminate t h c Mrs Sencfelder and that h i s extension of the sales tax to car ran out of gas He left her hotel and motel bills in the car and walked to town for help When he returned she was gone Burrows said At the time of the incident death was attributed to ex1 posurc i 2 die from Waterloo K present comissioners pretty well set on course Diefenbaker agrees to step down GTTWA Prime Minis IITV T tcr Johr G met I IOWA APITwo Lester B Pearson Mondav MARSH Io women wcre kllled and seven to arrange the transfer of power NEW YORK UPIlFred T l personsu a new Liberal government ur XT u in a headon collision onCanada Marsh 6 formerly chief ediHiSlmay 6 about 14 miles west ofi The Conservative loader ave tor for the publishing firm of nere jup Saturday and wired consrat iE P Dutton nml a frequent j reviewer of books in the New York Herald Tribune victims were 0flara about Kvith 75 tirivcn band Thomas 51 Mrs Fern illations to Pearson after results and lydiuoi the vote from Canadian serv ers in aicemen and their wives and fas hitsj veterans in government hospi was announced
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