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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 5, 1963, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited for CITY GLOBEGAZETTE HOME EDITION The newspaper that makes VOL in AMOcUted PIWM UaHt4 IntcnutiMu Full all North lowans neighbor s MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY JANUARY 5 1H3 UOe Paper of Two at Predict Katanga all in 10 da UNITED NATIONS NY AP trouble justifying such a move be diplomatic observers here cause he told Belgium and Brit expect the UN force in the Conain on Wednesday that UN go will take Kolwezi in secessiontroops would not even enter Jadot ist Katanga from President Moise ville 80 miles short of Kolwezi Tshombes Army in 10 or 15 days T v i n wyij Vu A iiui duuj uap But others believe Secretarytured Jadotvilk anyway Belgian General U Thant would have Foreign Minister Paul Henri Spaak in a Brussels statement Matter of birth or religion A question of Jewishness By LOUIS CASSELS United Press International Is Jewishness a matter of birth or religion Jews have been arguing that for several thousand years and have never arrived at a clearcut answer Recently the supreme court of Israel settled far as Israeli immigration laws are coming down on the side of religion as the acid test of Jewish identity But the court ruling from which one of the five justices vigorously dissented certainly will not end the controversy So far as Americas 55 million Jews are concerned it is just another opinion in an ancient and perhaps insoluble debate The case before the court in volved a Roman Catholic monk Father Daniel who sought Is raeli citizenship under the 1950 law of return which granted Friday said Thant explained this was in contradiction with his or But the general view among UN diplomats is that Thant will be hailed as a big success if he manages to end Katangas seces sion even if he has to capture Kolwezi to do it In that case some say not even the Belgians will be unhappy Spaak said The government of Belgium is extremely concerned with the contradictions which exist between the assurances given by the secretary general and the turn of events But Britain made no represen tations against the capture of Jadotville and the United States automatic immigration to every Jew rights is a Father Daniel was born of Jewish parents in Poland 40 years ago He became a con vert to Catholicism in 1942 and entered the Carmelite order as a monk in 1945 He contended that he Jew by Le Urn an latable Hebrew con veys the meaning of nationality or ethnic identity The nearest English equivalent probably is peoplehood The court held however that Fr Daniel ceased to be a Jew when he embraced another re ligion During argument of the case the monks attorney cited a rabbinical law which declares that any man born of a Jewish mother is a Jew But the states attorney re plied that this definition dates back only to the Middle not very long ago in the history of this ancient that it was formulated not to give a Jew rights but to prevent him from divesting himself from the burdens of Jewish ness The states attorney also con tended that the religion of Juda ism is part of the cultural heritage of the Jewish people and that anyone who repudiates that heritage by embracing a different faith has forfeited the right to be regarded as a Jew The court evidently found this argument convincing Its ruling was welcomed by such antiZionist groups as the American Council on Judaism which has long insisted that Jewishness is purely a matter of religious faith with no nec essary relation to ethnic origin or nationality It also was warmly received by many nonJews like histor ian Arnold Toynbee who have warned that antisemitism feeds on the notion that Jews are a separate race But it is not likely to change the minds of millions of Jews actual person as a Jew if he is born of Jewish parents even though he may have no detectable in terest in or loyalty to the re ligion of Judaism FROST RECOVERING BOSTON Poet Robert Frost Saturday was re ported still seriously ill but responding to medication i UN troops on Thursday cap TO iiui cLUYcUHJC UC aiiu yond the Lifura River 20 miles as tne secretary general has short of JadotviHe indicated in his statement of Dec 31 1962 before long For He spiked soma criticism when lime has come very short Koi ne had a UN spokesman express wezi is 65 miles northwest of regret Thursday that there occurElisabethville Katangas capi red a serious breakdown in eftal in a Washington statement raised tions cannot fully discharge its no objection ot it mandate in Katanga until Us Delegates generally expressed freedom of movement extends belief that Thant acted in good throughout both North and South faith when he indicated to BelKatanga including of course gian and British delegates that Kolwezi Sakania and Dilolo htli irtmil A C 11 the force would not advance be fective communication and coor dination between United Nations headqarters and the Leopold ville office He bolstered his position fur ther by sending Undersecretary Ralph J Bunche to the Congo to find out why his orders had been disobeyed and to make sure this would nothappen again Bunche however declared the capture of Jadotville had been part of a plan approved by Thant last October Butthe task is not complet ed he said The United Na N ews in a nutshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES Asks World Courts opinion NEW DELHI India has formally asked Red China to accept Prime Minister Nehrus suggestion to refer their border dispute to the World Court at TheHague for arbitration Kennedy at Kerrs rites OKLAHOMA CITY Robert S Kerr UKlanomas homespun statesman was laid to rest riday in simple rites attended by a saddened Presi inedy and other national leaders Kennedy dabbed his eyes as he sat in a front row pew a few feet from Kerrs rosedraped coffin State of siege in Peru LIMA The military junta proclaimed a nationwide state of siege to block an alleged revolt planned by agents of Moscow and Havana Police squads routed scores of known Communists from their beds and carted them off to jail May take in strike President Kennedy may ask ior antistrike legislation if the east and coast longshoremens strike is not settled soon according to administration sources Resumes tests on big plane WASHINGTON Howard Hughes millionaire industrialist and aviation pioneer is paying the gov ernment a month to fly and test his contro versial 700 passenger plywood seaplane The govern ment now owns the 58 million 200ton flying boat w TTiy was created during World War II as a possible means to elude German U Allied shipping lanes This will be achieved and Sakania it on 100 miles southeast of Elisabethville Dilolo is on the Angola border 350 air miles from Katanga The pressure on Tshombe was growing A United States statement called on him to cooperate with the United Nations and charged him with heavy responsibility for any more sabotage or blood shed in Katanga Hastings Banda the African leader of nearby Nyasaland bluntly turned down Tshombes appeal for aid andsaid he was all for a united Congo Tshombe has been trying to break away from the Congo and create an independent Katanga nation The Union Miniere the mining combine which supplies Tshom be with his financial resources reported that sabotage had crip pled its operations at the Ki pushi mine inthe Elisabethville area the Lubumbashi smelter in Elisabethville the Jadotville complex and the Kolwezi center The company statement said there was no indications when the operations could resume Snow for lowans fails to develop Some lowans still were wait ing Saturday for their first real glimpse of the sun in 1963 and it appeared they probably would have to wait until Sunday Cloudy skies freezing drizzle and very light snow persisted across the state Saturday Glaze warnings were issued for south ern Iowa counties A snow storm predicted for Friday night and Saturday morn ing failed to develop On the inside Editorials Page 4 Comics 5 Religious Features 67 Society News g Mason City News 1011 Latest Markets n 1314 Clear Lake News 14 Business News 1819 North Iowa News 24 GREETINGS FOR GRANDPA Kon rad Adenauer West German Chancel lor is embraced and kissed by one of his 23 grandchildren attending his 87th t 11J birthday party at Palais Schaumburg in Bonn Other grandchildren gather around during the party How Telstar was revived Another great space feat By ALTON BLAKESLEE Associated Press Science Writer t NEW YORK great new feat of the space age is a service station operating from earth It cured Telstar the oceanhopping television satellite of a kind of brain fever that had knocked it out of action for six weeks This service station is no ordinary kind It is a scientific laboratory and the keen engineering brains figures out what ailed Telstar The stupendous thing is that it has done while Telstar whizzed around the earth out of reach at heights of 592 to 3 501 miles Teistar even gave an unexpected assist in its recovery The story is told by Bell Telephone Laboratories engineers wno repaired Telstar so it can again exchange live television programs across the JUNE ALLYSON BREAKS DOWN Ally son breaks down and sobs in the car taking her from memorial serviQes for her actor husband Dick Powell in Hollywood One of the largest turnoutsof stars in recent history paid tribute to Powell at the memorial services plans to hold the line WASHINGTON OP Senate Republican Leader Everett M Dirksen of Illinois has signaled a GOP drive in the new Congress to hold the economy line against President Kennedys domestic and foreign spending programs Such presidential proposals as federal aid to education and the financing of health care for the elderly through an increase in Social Security taxes ably will be turned down again Dirksen told reporters Friday On Kennedys plans for a tax reduction Dirksen indicated most Republicans would take the posi ion he and House Republican eader Charles A Halleck hold There should be no cut unless spending is slashed On the foreign aid front Dirk sen foresaw deep trouble ahead or the aid program These diffi culties he said will be com pounded by the expected submis sion by Kennedy of a budget I think the temper of the country is turning against foreign aid Dirksen said The people dont see any real results from it They are getting tired of pouring money into a program they dont think is effective Dirksen indicated he has no in ention of joining with Democratic leader Mike Mansfield of Montana in offering a compromise rules change when Senate liberals launch an effort to ease the Sen ate debate limitation requirement also told the reporters meeting with him in his office on his 67th birthday that he and Halleck expect to resume weekly news conferences shortly to point up their partys differences with the Democratic administration For economy reasons the Na ional Republican Finance Com mittee has cut off the funds to finance staff operations for the conferences widely known as the Ev and Charlie Show Dirksen said however he anticipates no difficulty in getting the money elsewhere FIGHTING TAKES TOLL DAMASCUS Syria warriors of dethroned King Mohammed AlBadr have killed 59 Egyptian and Yemeni repub ican troops in fresh fighting in the Northeast and northwest Yemen Saudi Arabias Mecca radio said Friday night Iowa Mostly fair Sunday Cold er Saturday night and warm er north and west Sunday Lows Saturday 10 to 15 north west to near 20 southeast Highs Sunday in the 30s Mon day Partly cloudy little temperature change North Iowa Decreasing cloudi ness and colder Saturday night with lows in the middle teens Generally fair and warmer Sunday with highs ia the lower 30s GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 a m Saturday Maximum 28 Minimum 23 At 8 a m 27 Precipitation trace Sunrise Sunset 452 YEAR AGO Maximum 34 Minimum g CHEST INJURED BEVERLY HILLS Calif ffl Actress Janet Leigh suffered shoulder and chest bruises in a twocar collision Friday She was released after being exam ined by a doctor SAME sue ss Friday Telstar was launched July 10 and beamed brief television pro rams to Europe and back But in November Telstar began refusing to answer command sig nals from the ground to turn on power to relay signals Then the service station of knowledge and intelligence came nto play Bell labs gives credit for this feat to Robert H Shen num Henry Mann John S Mayo Eugene F ONeill Alton C Dick leson Walter L Brown and Wal ter M Gibson among others They puzzled asked questions and came up with right answers They knew Telstar would en counter radiation in the Van Al len belts Telstar equipment was designed to withstand it But Telstar ran into radiation 100 times stronger than anticipat ed they said And they said they dont know for sure how much of this was artificial radiation created by the highaltitude nu clear blast over the Pacific They did know that radiation can affect the surface of tran sistors It can create ions or charged particles from gases or solid materials in a transistor The ions can collect on the sur face of the semiconductor and cause harmful electrical changes The effects become worse if a voltage is present The voltage serves to keep the ions concentrated And storage batteries could supply such a vol age But the transistor can recover if either the radiation is removed or decreased or the voltage is removed or decreased Under the high radiation en counter the ionization apparent ly was hitting hard particularly at one or more transistors in the decoder in Telstar the circuit that receives and acts upon com mand signals from the ground One clue to this was that in November when Telstar began acting up the command signals apparently would fail during the iirst couple of attempts but then he transistor would work This was consistent with the suspicion that the trouble lay in surface effects of the radiation The command signals would act o decrease the voltage coming from storage batteries to the transistor By Nov 23 however even the repeated command signals were incapable of getting through A solution the engineers fig ured would be somehow to turn oft the storage batteries to stop the voltage and let the transis tor recover But the decoder is the thing hat receives the commands They turned to laboratory decoder to radiation to learn exactly what happened The laboratory decoder developed the same kind of trouble By elimination the engineers found what portions of the circuit were most sensitive to radia tion and voltage and came up with one prime suspect This was a transistor in zero gate a circuit that rec ognizes the zeroes in the one andzero code by which com mands were received by the satellite In the satellite code a one is a long pulse while a zero is a short pulse But the trouble seemed to be in the transistor which recognizes the zero A trick code might fool the ailing transistor they reasoned It might be induced to think that a long pulse with a dip or notch in the middle of it was really a short pulse In the lab oratory this trick code did fool the transistor The engineers devised two racks of equipment to send notched pulse commands or dinarily relayed to the satellite during a single pass overhead but enough to test the idea On the first attempt on pass No 1492 of Telstar since its launching the command worked It turned on one par ticular switch and telemetry from the satellite indicated this had happened The engineers planned to pre pare a complete program of all 15 commands on tape and cau tiously planned to send a com mand for Telstar to disconnect its storage batteries When Tel star was out of view on its trip around the earth power would be turned off and the transistor would not be exposed to the voltage It could have time to repair itself for regular func tioning But the trick commands sent up from Andover Maine were misinterpreted by Telstar on two occasions and Telstar dis connected its batteries ahead of time After it came into view again the engineers found that normal command reactions had been partially restored The trick treatment was repeated on purpose on Wednesday and Thursday and normal com mand functions were complete ly restored Friday Telstar worked per fectly again as a televisionre lay station in space How long Telstar will stay on the job cannot be foretold right now the engineers said but they hope for a long life H K Even Relay shows sign of awakening WASHINGTON other successful transmission of television test patterns across the all the way to con ducted Saturday via the reviv ing communications satellite Relay The National Aeronautics Space administration NASA said it was the third consecu tive successful test in 18 hours of Relay almost written off as a dud after its Dec 13 launching Officials hoped it might yet fulfill its role as a sister to the first US commu nications satellite Telstar I A NASA spokesman said a 23minute transmission of test patterns via Relay was re ceived clearly near and as an added unexpected bonus an Italian receiving sta tion also reported a good pick up The pickup at Fucirio Italy was viewed as highly encour aging because that station has what is described as only a narrow band for long range reception Officials said they were surprised and elated that the patterns were received at Fucmo Relay went into what was described as a near perfect or bit on Dec 13 after launching at Cape Canaveral Fla but had been silent because of an unexplained posver drain NASA officials said the satel lites power apparently has been gradually built up since then by its solar cells
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