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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 3, 1963, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited for MM VOL 102 ftelUi MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE The newspaper that makes all North lowans neighbors OM IM MMHM nil MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JANUARY J 1MJ 1K Plpr CoM HOME EDITION No Big Katanga base captured by U N Situation I in Congo 4 confusing Many twists and turns By PHIL NEWSOM UPI Foreign News Analyst Almost from the beginning the Congo crisis has been a maze of contradictions And if the casual reader finds himself lost in its twists and turns surely no apology is heeded For example On Dec 14 1961 President Kennedy a strong supporter of the United Nations campaign to unify the Congo received from Katanga secessionistjPresi dent Moise Tshombe a request that he intervene so that Tshombe could begin negotia tions with central government Premier Cyrille Adoula Out of this came the agree ment at Kitona in which Tshombe agreed to end Ka tangas secession Yet almost exactly one year later the agreement not only had not been implemented but Katanga students were shouting Down with trampl ing the US flag and starting a fire on US consulate grounds in the Katanga capital of Elis abethville Tshombe himself was de nouncing Americans in general as racists who think they can buy the African with dollars This was an initial result of a US decision to send a mil itary team to the Congo to de termine military needs of UN forces there Within the dispute between Tshombe and the central govern ment itself there is danger of oversimplification even if one makes no attempt at a judg ment If could be declared a simple question of whether the people of Katanga have the right to decide their own future relationship with the Congo as a whole It also could be declared simply the result of the central governments desire to take over the income from Katangas copper and cobalt wealth It also could be re garded as question of Tshombes own desire to remain in power and his refusal to surrender to central authority It is doubtful that the tribes man in the bush has much in terest in any one of the three so a certain amount of self interest must be involved The US and the UN take the position that Katanga has no more right to secede from the Congo than would a state to secede from the United States Katangas tax income from the Union Miniere copper mines this year will amount to between and million just about enough to cover a onemonth deficit for the central govern ment So the money itself can not be at the moment a con trolling factor The UN position is that neither Katanga nor the re mainder of the Congo can achieve stability without each other Katanga needs the Congos agricultural produce and a port through which to ship its minerals without depending on Rhodesia or Portuguese Angola Aside from his income from Union Miniere Tshombessup port has come primarily powerful voices in Belgium and Britain and from some members of the US Congress Leaders of the newly inde pendent African state in general oppose him ATTLEE IS 80 LONDON UPI Former Prime Minister Earl Clement Attlee architect of Britains Photofax DIGGING OUT OF DRIFTS Two boys and girl shovel path through drifts in front of their Bangor Maine home after the states worst blizzard of the century Bulldozers and snowplows are working around the clock opening up highways clogged by a 35inch snowfall Osage man victim of apartment fire George Christiansen 64 Osage died early Thursday as fire raced through an old apartment ho tel here forcing about 20 guests onto the street in their nightclothes Christiansen a veteran of World War II had been a pa tient at the Soldiers Home here and had recently moved into the apartment Fire Chief Leo B Knox said Christian son died of smoke inhalation His body was found in a bed in a second floor room of the Foster apartments a 3story brick and frame building which formerly housed the YMCA The old hotel was a land mark here beforethe turn of the century when it was known as the North Western Railroad Hotel State Rep John Mowry Marshalltown is owner of the building Born in Mitchell County Jan 4 1899 Christiansen had lived most of his life in the Osage area He was a car penter Surviving are three sisters Mrs Elsie Havig and Mrs Ingvold Halverson both of Osage Mrs Clara BooneOr lando Fla two brothers Har old Osage and Ralph Mil waukee Funeral services are pending at the Champion Fu neral Home Osage Another guest Elmer Ham re 73 overcome by smoke He was treated at a hospital here and released Firemen and policemen took about seven persons down lad ders from second floor rooms Other guests were led from their rooms to safety Fire Chief Knox estimated the fire caused several thou sand dollars damage as the flames ate through the second floor and into the attic at the rear of the building The rest of the structure was extensive ly damaged by smoke and wa ter Knox said it took the fire de partment two hours to bring the fire under control The alarm was turned in about am and the chief said the blaze was extinguished by am Final push to subdue Tshombe New bridges are erected FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES LEOPOLDVILLE Conga United Nations forces captured Katanga President Moise Tshm bes stronghold town of Jadot ville Thursday A UN spokesman announced the fall of the vital mining cen ter to a force made up of In dian armor and Ethiopian in fantry Tshombes whereabouts were unknown He had pledged a bit ter scorched earth fight to the end to keep Katanga from falling under UN control An estimated 3000 native Katangese gendarmes and at least 100 white mercenaries had been reported dug in at Jadot ville for a lastditch struggle The UN assault force suf fered casualties in the prelimi nary skirmishing as it pressed forward on Jadotville and Kol wezi despite Katangese efforts to delay it with blown bridges and rearguard stands Jadotville is 65 miles north west of the capital of Elisabethville on themain to Kolwezi which lies 80 farther northwest of Jadotville Both cities are key centers of mining operations for the vast Union Miniere which exploits Katangas rich copper and co balt resources Kolwezi also is the site of the main Katanga air base which UN forces said has been destroyed CUBANS PARADE MISSILES Cuban launch ve hicles for shortrange defensive rockets pass in re view on main avenue in Havana during military pa rade marking the fourth anniversary of Fidel Cas Photofax tros rise to power Huge portrait of Castro waving rifle appears on side of the National Institute for Agrarian Reform LNRA building The cry Ven ceremos We Will Win is on the banner North Iowa Cloudy foggy occasional light freezing driz zle through Friday Lows Thursday night in low 20s Highs Friday near 30 Iowa Cloudy foggy occasional light drizzle or freezing driz zle through Friday Lows Thursday night in the 20s Highs Further cloudy with rain or snow Saturday Minnesota Mostly cloudy flu ries Colder Friday highs in 20s GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 am Thursday Russ peasants sought refuge U N officials here said US Air Force transport planes fer ried special bridging equip ment into Elisabethville to help the attacking forces across bridges blown down over the Lufira and other rivers on the route to Jadotville UPI correspondent Peter Lynch riding with the UN armored force closing in on a d o t ville said the In dians and E t h i o pians surged f o r ward from a r i d gehead across the Lu fira following some of the heaviest fight TSHOMBE ing of the campaign to date Helicopters whirled overhead ferrying out Indian UN wounded while ma chine guns chattered mortar shells exploded and Swedish Maximum Minimum Precipitation Sunrise Sunset 27 22 Trace MOSCOW determined little band of Siberian peasants forced their way into the US Embassy Thursday seeking ref uge from alleged religious perse cution by Soviet officials Nearly four hours later the group of about 32 men women and children was taken from the embassy grounds in a Soviet bus still protesting loudly Soviet officials said they would be taken to a hotel It was the first such protest veteran Western observers in Moscow could remember The shabbily dressed peasants said they had come from Cherno gorsk a Siberian town about 2100 miles east of Moscow They said they were fleeing from persecution by local officials who threatened to jail them and take their children away from them The groups leaders who they were Evangelical Christians where they said They will shoot us Let us be sent to any country It doesnt matter There is no place for us place to go Finally they straggled into the 3us apparently resigned to stay ng in the Soviet Union They had old embassy officials they want ed to go to Israel Crndletothegrave welfarcia Protestant sect bitterly pro Saab jet fighters shrieked over head United Nations headquarters in New York said the mayor of Jadotville welcomed UN troops into the city indicating that the occupation met less re sistance than threatened by Tshombes gendarmerie TEST CENTER BLAST GAINESyiLLE Va UPI An explosion heard 18 miles away leveled a concrete and steel building at a top secret rocket fuel test center here Wednesday night shattering windows within a halfmile ra dius Security guards refused to North Iowas roads glazed Freezing fog left a slippery lay er of ice on highways in north east Iowa Thursday The State Highway Commissio said highways were 50 to 100 pe cent ice covered north of a lin through Lake Mills Mason City New Hampton and Cresco an 50 per cent ice covered east of line through Clinton Iowa City Toledo Grundy Center and Du buque Mild temperatures however were causing the glaze to brea up The commission also said high ways had scattered ice southwes of a line through Onawa Rock well City Guthrie Center Winter set and Leon Inside the embassy compound rmit tafe poUce flr firemen to examine the wreckage but state police said apparently there was only one minor injury celebrated his 80th day Thursday We dont want to go any t vited them to take shelter in the embassy lunchroom from the bit ter Moscow weather The lunchroom staff served hot coffee and snacks to the hungry visitors while they told Russian speaking embassy officers their story The group consisted of 6 men 12 women and 14 children Some of the children appeared to be quite ill Embassy policy in Moscow is to refuse refuge to Soviet citizens presumably because of the polit ical problems which would arise as well as the lack of facilities for housing them SAME Safelj Department Flfiires Black Flaf Means Traffic Death U rMt 24 Houri N ews in a nutshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES Bulgarian pilot treed BARI Italy young Bulgarian pilot who crashed his jet fighter near a secret NATO missile base a year ago was found innocent of military and political espionage and released from prison New car dispatcher named f DES MOINES Govelect Harold Hughes said he will appoint E Montgomery of Marion as state car dispatcher to succeed Wes Wellman Mont gomery 55 who ran for state treasurer on the Demo cratic ticket in 1958 is a real estate and insurance dealer and a smallhomebuilder Packing plant toll now 16 TERRE HAUTE Ind Rescue crews with cranes recovered two more bodies from the ruins of a meat packing plant pushing the toll of Wednesdays explosion to 16 with 55 injured The search continued for one other victim believed buried in the rubble May try for 22 orbits WASHINGTON Americas next man in space to be astronaut Leroy Gordon Cooper Jr try to orbit the earth for 34 hours 10 hours longer than originally planned A decision on whether to try for 22 instead of 16 orbits probably will be an nounced next week Sales tax for Minnesota ST PAUL Minn The legislative director of the MinnesotaFarm Bureau William Anderson says the climate is right for the passage of a sales tax in Minnesota SUSPICIOUS TYPE CHICAGO UPI Yes it looked a little suspicious Nan cy Jones told police who discov ered a 550pound safe in her liv ing room She explained her hus band Stacy and two men brought it home during the night The officer waited for Jones to come home and arrest ed him On the inside Editorials Page Society News Mason City News J Latest Markets 9 Sports 1M2 North Iowa News 13 Comics H Clear Lake News IS Golden Years IE To take action on Amish INDEPENDENCE J orgensen Buchanan County chool superintendent said Thurs ay after conferring with a pokesman for a group ofAmish ple that they havent done anything to comply with the Iowa school law Charges will be filed one way or another next week Jorgensen added He had talked to Dan iorntrager about the requirement that the Amish children attend a school taught by a certified teach er The Amish havent done any thing to hire certified teachers for their two schools in the Hazleton community Jorgensen said They dont want to do anything until they are completely sure the Oelwein community school system isnt going to furnish them certi fied teachers Officials of the Oelwein system which encompasses the Amish schools have said in the past that there is no possibility of the sys tem furnishing teachers for two Amish private schools Jorgensen said the next matter for decision is determining who will file the charges County At torney William OConneU of Inde pendence and County Attorney Walt Saur of Fayette were to con fer Thursday afternoon on the matter of jurisdiction in the case Jorgensen said he plans to meet with Borntrager again Friday Something will have to done Jorgensen said They the Amish gave the impression that they might hire teachers However weve had that impres sion before and nothing has de veloped 4 Hollywood deaths in 78 days Cancer claims Powell Carson HOLLYWOOD AP Dick Powell who made his fame sing ing love songs to Ruby Keeler and his millions in the tycoon role he loved best died of cancer Wednesday night with June Ally son holding his hand The 58yearold movie and tel evision veteran had been in a coma two days His death climaxed a sad day for Hollywood following by only five hours the of can Jack Carson For the first time in recent memory two funerals for major Hollywood personalities will be held on the same Powell was the fourth Holly wood giant felled by the disease in 18 days Charles Laughton who died Dec 15 and Thomas Mitchell who died two days later were the others Miss Allyson Powells actress wife had sat holding his hand most of the evening It was she who discovered that he hac breathed his last Others at the bedside were Fow ls adopted daughter Pamela 16 an adopted son Norman 25 a daughter Ellen 23 by his sec ond wife actress Joan Blondell and his two brothers Howard Wilmette 111 a vice president of the Illinois Central Railroad and DICK POWELL JACK CARSON Luther retired vice president of the South American division of In ternational Harvester Co Ricky Powells 12yearold son by Miss Allyson was at the home of Justin Dart a close friend of Powell Death came In a plush pent house apartment into which tha Powells had moved only a few days earlier Powell disclosed last Sept 27 that he had cancer of the lymph glands With characteristic op timism he announced that he would lick it He continued as president of the highly successful Four Star Tel evision Inc and kept filming his appearances as host of the top rated Dick Powell Show a drama anthology series But in October he announced he was stepping down as presi dent of the highly successful TV studio and would become chair man of the board He still was optimistic about bU
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