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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - January 2, 1963, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited for MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE VOL 1M The newspaper Associated Prew and United Prew International mil that makes all North I o wans neighbors MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY JANUARY 2 HOME EDITION 10c a Paper CoaMsli of Four No copter units riddled SAIGON South Viet Nam iffi Communist groundfire Wednesday blasted a fleet of US helicopters flying government troops into bat tle Three an Army reported killed and four others wounded It was the deadliest blow struck at the US forces aiding President Ngo Dinh Diems proWestern government in the civil war against the Viet Cong Red gunners hit 14 of the 15 US helicopters taking part in the mis sion in the Mekong deltabringing down about eight aircraft i I The bear to become I a museum Famed ship not forgotten By M G COUPE WASHINGTON An 89year old fighting lady will soon come out of retirement for the third time She is the celebrated ship Bear heroine of Arctic ice bat tles and Antarctic service with the late Rear Adm Richard E Byrd Now docked in Dartmouth Nova Scotia the versatile bark will be restored and towed to Philadelphia for conversion to a maritime museum and rest aurant When the 198foot threemaster was launched in Greenock Scotland in 1874 sailwas giving way to steam Bear had both the National Geographic Society recalls For hazardous duty among ice floes she was built of oak sheathed with Australian iron bark the toughest Wood known A steel plate covered the bow She was called the stoutest ship ever built Operating out of St Johns Newfoundland the Bear made 11 annual trips to the icy seal ing grounds of the North At lantic When members of the Greely Expedition were starv ing on iceblocked Ellesmere Island in 1883 the United States bought the Bear and sent her north on the rescue mission After a grinding battle with the floes she rescued the party reduced from 25 to seven by hardship and starvation The United States Revenue Marine forerunner of the Coast Guard then sent the Bear to Alaskan waters where she be came a legend She delivered mail supplies missionaries and stranded theatrical troops to isolated out posts and Eskimo villages Once she transported an entire Eski mo village whose migrants pitched their tents on deck Over much of the Bering Sea patrol the Bear was the only visible arm of the UnitedStates Government Her crew guarded timber game and the seal herd The ships doctor served remote regions Coasts were mapped Sometimes a native boat would put out from a village flying a pair of pants and a pet ticoat a signal that the captain would soon be called upon to perform a marriage ceremony on the quarterdeck When Alaskas wild caribou suffered severe depletion the Bear ferried reindeer from Si beria to found the first North American herd as a substitute source of meat and hide After 40 years on the Bering Sea patrol the Bear was decom missioned and given to the city of Oakland Calif as a mari time museum But she was called back into service as Bear of Oakland when Admiral Byrd needed a sturdy wooden ship for his 1933 Antarctic Expedition It was a tough trip I know she was never in worse ice Admiral Byrd wrote It couldnt have been worse The Bear not only survived she brought the expedition home to a roaring welcome in Wash ington DC She retired again but World War II called her out to patrol the Atlantic Once she towed a capturedGerman sup ply ship to Boston Until recommissioncd for the third time recently the Bear had been docked at Dartmouth gathering barnacles Photofax 28yearold East Berlin woman identified only as Christel M lies on bed in a West Berlin Hospital after her escape in icecold waters of a canal marking a sector border between east and west 12 dead in plant blast TERRE HAUTE Ind explosion demolished a meat processing room of Home Packing Col Wednesday killing 12 work ers and injuring at least 47 others State Police Sgt James Bailey said six bodies had been taken from the ruins An army of res cue workers searching for an un determined number of other work ers spotted two survivors in the rubble and worked gingerly to ward them to avoid any further injury The toll could go higher Fourteen still were unaccounted for Police and firemen believed the explosion started in a boiler room Ammonia gas apparently es caping from ruptured refrigera tion lines hampered the rescue work and a coal mine rescue squad used gas masks to dig into the rubble Company officials had trouble determining exactly how many production workers were in the wrecked section They set up a temporary office asking other workers to register for an ac counting The blast occurred about am Sooth Vietnamese forces re portedly suffered an estimated 50 asualties The Communists fighting at sattalion strength of 400 men or more stood and fought against re ays of government fighter bomb srs striking at them instead of running for cover as the Reds us ually do after an attack Hours after the helicopters were shotdown the fighting still raged 50 miles southwest of Saigon with guerrillas attacking in waves in an attempt to reach the downed aircraft AH American casualties were reported evacuated under blister ing automatic small arms and cannon fire Communist armor piercing shells held up armored personnel carriers sent to relieve the de fenders before the rescue was carried out There were no reports here on iroiind casualties but losses were believed heavyon both sides The Viet Cong sprung a trap on the government forces airlifted by the American helicopters for an attack along a treelined canal Returning crews said the Com munists held their fire as the first groups of helicopters landed anc then all hell broke loose The government opdration was launched early in the morning in ricefield country bordering the Mekong River Vietnamese air force planes left Saigon with paratroopers just be fore dusk Reports of ground action were vague but sources said fighter bombers were first called into ac tion in midmornirig a few min utes after eight helicopters were hit as they moved in to lane troops at an objective near the delta town of Vinh Long 50 mile southwest of Saigon Ten fighter bombers were sen into action and military sources indicated they would continue sorties until dark Two of the helicopters hit were escortcraft armed with rockets and machine guns One re ported able to fly out of the area but the other was downed Six other troopcarrying helicop ters were hit Four were downet but two got away Government forces also launched an unusually large operation i short distance from the Cambo dian frontier in the province o Tay Ninh northwest of Saigon Five hundred troops were lifted in by US helicopters and more than 1200 paratroopers were dropped About 85 aircraft includ ing fighters bombers helicopter and transport planes participated KENNEDYS PLAN TOUR MADRAS India Am bassador John Kenneth Gal braith told newsmen Wednes day President Kennedys three sisters will be visiting Soutl India next month and wilt see medical institutions and orphan ages DISASTROUS PHILADELPHIA BLAZE Smoke continues to roll from the fireleveled factory and homes in north section of Philadelphia after more than 250 persons were made homeless in the 12alarm Photofax blaze The fire started in the ninestory factory build ing in center of photo and spread to 36 homes along the street Kennedy will be bolder He charts the future million is grand total Iowa tax take up million DES MOINES tax revenue last year totaled about million an increase of about million over 1961 the state treasurers office said Wednesday The largest single increase of almost million was in the state income tax Sharp boosts also were reported in use tax sales tax and gasoline tax revenues The increase of million com pares with an increase of about million from 1960 to 1961 The state income tax last year produced The 1961 rev enue from this source was 342742 The increase was in the individual income tax The corpor ation tax declined slightly Individual residents paid slight ly more than million last year compared to in 1961 The corporation tax produced 299 in 1961 and in 1967 Non residents paid million last year and million the previous year Sales tax last year brought 568914 to the state compared with in 1961 The use tax increased almost million from in 1961 to last year OL last years use tax million went to general revenue and million went into the road use tax fund The gasoline tax revenue was million last year compared million the previous year Aviation gasoline revenue was down from in 1961 to in 1962 The road use tax produced million in 1962 and million in 1961 Here are some other tax reve nues Cigarette tax million in 1962 compared with mil lion in 1961 chain store tax 300 and beer tax million and million equip ment car tax and 000 liquor profits million and million irsurance pre mium tax million and million The breakdown showed that pri mary road revenue from the road use tax fund increased from in 1961 to millionin 1962 Secondary roads received million in 1961 and in 1962 Farm to market roads got million in 1961 and last year 0f the road use tax fund last year million went to cities and towns for street construction The previous year they received about million The formula for allotting the money was changed by the 1961 legislature North Iowa Cloudy foggy oc casional snow flurries or freezing drizzle Wednesday night lows in low 20s De creasing cloudiness and a lit tle warmer Thursday highs in Iowa Cloudy and foggy Wed nesday night with occasional drizzle or freezing drizzle east lows in the 20s Thursday de creasing cloudiness and a lit tle warmer highs 3540 Fur ther outlook Partly cloudy with little temperature change Friday FiveDay Iowa Temperatures will average near normal Thursday through next Mon day Normal highs are from the mid 20s in the north to the mid 30s in the south Nor mal lows are from 5 to 10 above zero north to the mid teens south A warming trend is expected to begin late Thursday becoming cool er over the weekend Precipi tation will range from little or none in the west t6 about 10 of an inch in the east Minnesota Mostly cloudy snow flurries colder Highs Thurs day 2028 GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 am Wednesday UNITED NATIONS NY spokesman Wednesdaj general wants actions and not words from Katanga Pres ident Moise Tshombe The statement was released at UN headquarters about the time Leopoldville reported an appeal from Tshombe for a meeting with a UN representative not en gaged in the UN operation in secessionist Katanga NATO CHANGE OF stad retiring military commander of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization shakes hands with Gen Lyman L Lemnitzer in a ceremony at NATOheadquarters outside Paris Gen Lemnitzer assumed command of NATO forces in Europe during ceremony attended by diplomatic and military repre sentatives of all of the 15 nations of the body Maximum Minimum Precipitation Sunrise Sunset 24 19 Trace On the inside Editorials Page 4 Society News 101112 Sports 1920 Clear Lake News 21 Comics22 North Iowa News 24 Latest Markets 28 Mason City News 17MW UN asks action not just words from Katangas chief for U Thant said the UN secretary The spokesmans statement de clared that Thant believes it is too ga problem Thants position on the Katan late for any negotiations with quanta unity yan WHICH nt Tshombe and that the only disWants put into effect by Jan 14 cussions required now are on calls for a 5050 split of Katangas techmcal matters connected revenue with the impoverished entral government of Premier i yrille Adoula Most of the rev enues come from Union Miniere staleTshombes government has been with t he secretarygenerals plan for reunification of the Congo ment was felt the issued need because Thant for clarifying interpretations of his N ews in a nutshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES New storm in Britain southern England buried beneath its worst snows in 82 years braced for an other blizzard onslaught Not since Jan 18 when snow drifted 15 feet high in Londons Oxford the south seen such snowfalls Nikita holds olive branch MOSCOW Soviet Premier Khrushchev in an exchange of New Years messages with President Kennedy called for a joint SovietAmerican effort to improve mutual relations and the international situa tion US shipments to Congo WASHINGTON The United States will begin shipping trucks armored personnel carriers and mine clearing equipment to the United Nations force in the Congo within a week Official U S sources said this country also will station three transport aircraft and one tanker plane in Leopoldville the central capital to provide continuing transport within the Congo for the U N forces k Castro ridicules ransom HAVANA Premier Fidel Castro lashed out at President Kennedy and ridiculed the United States for paying indemnification for 1113 ransomed Cuban invasion prisoners They call it ransom Castro said We dont care what they call had to agree to pay indemnification getting about million a year from taxes royalties and divi dends A delayed dispatch from Elisa bethville and fresh radio report From Belgian sources in Elisa bethville told of heavy fighting between UN troops and Katan gans on the ElisabethvilleJadot ville road which leads northwes toward Tshombes emergencj headquarters in Kolwezi Meanwhile the giant Union Min iere copper mining combine fel in line with UN plans for quick reunification of the Congo I Thants unity plan which he PALM BEACH Fla President Kennedy intends to follow up his Cuban success by exerting stronger leadership over the Wests cold war poli at the risk of of fending sensitive allies This was learned Tuesday on the highest authority The same source provided a summation of the Presidents views on all aspects of foreign policy Kennedy believes peace pros pects have brightened a bit in the past 12 months due partly to his firmness in forcing the removal of Soviet missile bases and jet bombers from Cuba Also he is convinced that re cent events have cost world communism its vaunted for ward momentum Kennedy hopes to make the nost of this situation by push ng harder for madeinUSA olutions to cold war problems laguing the West The President believes that C these problems are to be met nd solved the United States must assume forceful leader hip and discard all thought of winning ah international popu arity contest He sees a cer ain amount of friction with rarious allies as the inevitable irice of progress This attitude doubtless had ts genesis in the Cuban crisis when Kennedy alone made the decisions And it is demon strated anew at last months Nassau talks with British rime Minister Harold Mac millan when Kennedy accepted ire of a substantial seg ment of British opinion by in sisting there is no room in the US arsenal for the trouble plagued Skybolt missile The fast pace of world since October makes Kennedys view of foreign policy questions he object of tremendous in erest concern on this New Years Day Here is an au horitative sampling of his cur rent thinking Cuba The United States wants Prime Minister Fidel lastro overthrown but barring aggression or threats to he peace of Caribbean neigh fa o r s it has no intention of aunching an invasion or per mitting one by Cuban exiles The President believes Castros popularity was weakened by he Soviet missile pullout but he does not believe this weak ened Castros power as head of police state Western nuclear power Ken nedy has many doubts about French willingness to accept multination control of Western nuclear weapons Further he is not certain France has the funds or technical knowhow to accept the US offer of Polaris missiles minus warheads Mac millan accepted the same offer at Nassau Communist momentum widelyheld view of an inexor able Communist advance born of the Sputnik triumphs and Red Chinas early success with her great leap forward has been disrupted by events in Cuba the MoscowPeking rift and Chinas agricultural prob lems Westernization of Russia As Soviet living standards rise i i wurici living staiKiauis rise planned to send experts to help there is apt to be a softening of draft a project for renartitinn nf Moscows harri lino onri project for repartition of the currency resulting from sale of company products Holiday toll is under estimate By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The nations traffic deaths dur ing the long New Years weekend tu Wednesday appeared to be one of Dilnon tax cut in order to com i It in Moscows hard line and in the long run the development of important tics wtih Western Europe Khrushchevs attitude The Soviet premier probably doesnt seek an early broad settlement of EastWest differences But because of Cuba he is likely to act with greater caution Taxes He is likely to settle for a gradual S5 billion to the lowest for a similar fourday holiday and far below early esti mates by safety experts Belated reports may boost the final total but the count at mid night Tuesday the end of the 102 hour holiday period showed 373 deaths in traffic accidents 84 in fires and 130 in miscellaneous mishaps for a total of 587 The National Safety Council be fore the start of the count at 6 pm local time last Friday estimated a traffic death toll of 420 to 480 promise with his critics on at tempts to spur the economy SAME DATE 1H2
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