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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 29, 1962, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Doily Newspaper Edited for CITY GLOBEGAZETTE HOME EDITION The VOL 102 newspaper that makes oil North lowons neighbors IWMUaMl w M OECEMBiR 1M2 10c a Paper of Two No 274 Katangas capital patrolled by UN wmmmmmmmmmmm A new way of finding direction Scout 17 gets credit By LOUIS C ASS ELS WASHINGTON UP A 17 yearold boy has invented a new method of direction finding to guide people who are lost with out a compass Its such a big improvement over previous methods that it has been officially adopted by the US Air Force and the US Army for use in survival train ing manuals The young inventor is Bob Owendoff son of Lt Col and Mrs Robert A Owendoff Falls Church Va Bob is a Life Scout and has always been interested in out door lore He also has a keen interest in science and has won top honors in high school science fairs Three years ago on a hiking trip with a Boy Scout troop he got lost and spent four un happy hours trying to determine which way was east When he finally got home he made a careful study of all known methods of determining direction without a compass He concluded that none of them was satisfactory He set out to develop a new system His solution has won the ap plause of eminent mathemati cians and astronomers and has stood the test of more than 50 000 field trials Bob calls it the shadow tip method It works like this Drive so that at least 3 feet of it is above the ground Mark the tip of the shadow it casts Wait a while 10 minutes is long enough and mark the spot where the tip of the shadow is then resting A line drawn between the two marks will always point east and west the second mark be ing the eastward Bob contends that this method is actually more accurate in many instances than a com pass A compass is really not such a reliable direction finder when youre lost in strong country he explained unless you know what correction to make for the magnetic variation at that spot a compass can lead you astray by as much as 55 to 90 degrees His own method which relies on the easttowest movement of the sun has an average error of about 8 degrees he said and even in extreme circumstances will not be off by more than 30 degrees Until Bob perfected his con venient shadow tip method it was ironically much easier to find direction at night than in the daytime The nighttime sys tem which has been in use since the dawn of recorded history is simply to locate the North Star Polaris The classic method of spotting Polaris is to follow the lip of the big dipper which will always point to a very bright star some distance away in the sky In the southern hemis phere the southern cross sub for the north star Although Bobs father is an Army officer it was his mother a civilian employe of the Army who called his system to the at tention of military authorities She did so by the simple ex pedient of dropping the idea into an employe suggestion box Af ter the Army adopted the idea Bob got a check for Iowa Generally fair and colder Saturday night lows 1015 be low north zero to 5 below south Fair and continuedcold Sunday highs 1015 Further outlook Partly cloudy and warmer Monday GlobeGazette Weather Data up to 8 am Saturday Maximum Minimum At 8 am Sunrise Sunset YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 28 were aboard missing airliner PARIS UPI A fouren gined airlinerwith 25 pas sengers and a crew of three aboard was reported missing Saturday on a 70mile flight across the island of Corsica A spokesman for the French AirNautique charter company here said the plane was re ported missing between Bastia and Ajaccio Corsica Its final destination was Nice on the French mainland Airline sources said the pas sengers included players of the Bastia basketball club and some of their supporters includin two children AMI DATE IHl 432 38 4 4 12 10 Tshombe flees as troops take over ELISABETHVILLE The Congo N forces supported by aerial bombardment seized almost com plete control of this secessionist capital Saturday and apparently started a mopping up operation President Moise Tshombe fled his palace and his whereabouts were unknown A U N spokesman said Katangan resistance was cracking and that Tshombes heavilyarmed police were fleeing into the leaving behind weapons r equipment and a number of Chester farm youth killed CRESCO Dennis Boehm armored cars UN forces took the offensive after enduring two days of Ka tangan police attacks on posi tions in Elisabethville UN planes bombed strategic in 14 son of Mr and Mrs Carl in both Elisabethville Boehm rural Chester was killed and tne mining town of Kol Friday afternoon when a tractor wezi about 150 miles northwest of the capital upset on him He was driving the tractor around the farmyard when the UNf th accident occurred He was dead ty s wf supply cut when found inned beneath the outbreafc of hostilities when found pinned beneath the Hle tlve k hostil tractor accordin to Ho mght had been County Medical Examiner Dr said the UN hoped W C Dankle and Deputy Sheriff to hve electric power restored Walter Zender Wlthm two days Funeral arrangements at the UN troops toook Tshombes Martz Funeral Home LeRoy palace with little resistance Minn are pending the arrival from the presidential guard Tshombe was gone when the ice overseas bluehelmeted interna t i o n a 1 Ethiopians and Indian gurkhas occupied the palace Previously Tshombe had BYRD DISCHARGED WASHINGTON Harry F Byrd DVa was discharged from a hospital Fri day and his son said the sen ator would be on hand when the 88th Congress convenes Jan 9 Harry F Byrd Jr said his father was doing splendidly after 11 days in the hospital for a checkup of a respiratory difficulty TO MEET KENNEDY Part of the CubaTnvlsion Brigade 2506 files onto the field at Orange Bowl btadium m Miami for the ceremony with President Kennedy A huge crowd began to fill the arena hours before the Presidents arrival A UN spokesman said the been reported trying to flee to Kipushi about 15 miles from Elisabethville on the htfrthern Rhodesian border or to Kol wezi A UN spokesman said the Elisabethville post office rail road station and the Katanga radio station were taken over by the UN troops A spokesman said the United Nations was beginning a move against roadblocks in the vicin ity of the railway of bitter combat in previous rounds of fighting in Elisabeth ville a year ago The spokesman said UN troops reported few Katangans were taken prisoner and that Tshombes casualties were be lieved light The U N military command er Idnaian Brig Reginald Nor onha accused Tshombe of being insincere during peace talks Fri day He said the fighting Friday night and Saturday could have been avoided if Tshombe had signed an agreement to remove his roadblocks Other UN officials have said Tshombe seemed to be acting in good faith in seeking a halt to the shooting Whatever the origin of the out tkird round of fight ing between UN and Katangan came at a time when Tshombe was under increasing UN pressure to bring his rich oreproducing province back into the fold with the Central Congo lese government A report from Washington said the United States was expected to announce shortly its readiness to furnish the UN force with further military equipment for the Congo operation HEADS FOR CUBA MOSCOW UPI Pavel Popovich who orbited the earth for nearly three days last Au gust left for Cuba Friday with the Soviet delegation to the fourth anniversary of the Cu ban revolution VOWS SAID WITH WARMTH It was chilly in tbe jhurch when Mark Yale Harris of Shafcer Heights near and Elizabeth Meyer 23 formerly of Lancaster Ohio were mar ried in an unheated church in Tetten hall Wood England The bride and t Phoiofax bridegroom carried hot water bottles during the ceremony to combat the chill brought on by a cold snap gripping England and much of Europe The bride is the daughter of M S Meyer a Euro pean representative for an American tire manufacturer 2 wounded in holdup DES MOINES su permarket manager and his wife were wounded Friday night when they told a gunman hold ing up the store they thought he was kidding Although the receipts for the day were still in the Safeway store at Harding Roadand Car penter the thief fled with only the coins in a cash drawer Edward L Harkins 38 the store manager is in Mercy Hos pital reported in serious condi tion His wife Dorthy is listed in fair condition Harkins told police the holdup man approached the managers cage and growled Gimme all your money The store man ager said he first thought the man was a regular customer joking with him and said Youre kidding The bandit fired hitting Hark ins in the left thigh and his wife in the right ankle with the same bullet A stolen car believed to be the one the hojdup man used was found about 10 blocks from the store Religious Pages 45 North Iowa News t Mason City Newt lMi Latest Markets n Society News 1J04 Ckar Lake News 14 Editorials 17 Comics Business News N ews in a nutshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES Gets life for aiding refugees BERLIN Harry Seidel 24 who tried to help refugees escape through a tunnel under the Berlin wall was sentenced to life imprisonment by the Su preme Court of East Germany Santa Domingo revolt crushed SANTO DOMINGO Dominican Republic An armed clash between soldiers and peasants broke out in Palma Sola but the ruling government council re ported within hours that the revolt had been crushed British press defends Duke LONDON The British Press sprang to the de fenseof the Duke of Windsor in a controversy over Britain s jreWorld War II appeasement policy All n prominent display to the Duke s denial of German allegations that he was to former dictator Adolf Hitler and the Nazis The imputations against the former British king were contained in captured German documents which were published Friday A An encouraging start f Ncw Year3 holiday toll was off to an encouragingly slow start During the first 16 hours only 16 had been killed on the nations roads The toll was far behind that of the Christmas weekend when at the same hour 63 Amer icans were dead in holiday accidents LEWIS HAS SURGERY SPRINGFIELD 111 UPI John L Lewis 82 former presi dent of the United Mine Work ers was reported in satisfac tory condition Saturday at a hospital here where he under went surgery for a peptic ulcer 14 ESCAPE CRASH ROTTERDAM UPI British passenger plane hit the top of a dike while coming in for a landing here Friday It somersaulted and crashed kill ing the pilot but the 14 pas sengers were not hurt Kennedy reviews Cubans 35000 in stadium Doing their bit to keep celebrants off roads By JUNIUS GRIFFIN NEW YORK number of establishments catering to New Years Eve celebrants are empha sizing programs to keep their patrons off the highways Setting the pace are big clubs and hotels in Los Angeles A news paper cafe columnist says police warning on drunken driving po lice roadblocks and a crackdown on traffic violations have made it harder to lure people out of the big suburban areas for an evening celebrating ia the city Several Los Angeles hotels are offering a free room with their package deals for the evening at prices up to One hotels plan includes a party at the Coconut Grove a nights lodging and a bus ride the next morning to the Rose Parade in Pasadena A hotel in Beverly Hills Calif has changed its package deal to exclude drinks making the price cheaper and eliminating the obli gation of celebrators to drink up their moneys worth before head ing home Howard Johnsons motor lodge chain in Columbus Ohio has a deal with overnight accommodations for two dancing swimming buffet supper and breakfast on New Years Day Other clubs in the city have cover charges from to Millions of people will not cele brate the new year in clubs and hotels Churches throughout the nation will open their doors for services where prayers will be offered for world peace Many families will spend New Years Eve at their bearthside Others will celebrate with friends in private homes In Cherryviile NC the colorful 151yearold custom of heralding the new year begins at midnight Two separate groups will call at every home in the town of 4000 At each a crier sings out a chant of several verses begin ning Good morning to you sir We wish you a Happy New Year Good health long life Then some 30 men each armed with old muskets willv fire a volley The was brought to Gaston County NC by early German settlers Al Colorado Springs Colo the AdAmAn club will make its an nual climb to the top of Pikes Peak to shoot fireworks at mid night December 31 This custom was started three decades ago One of the worlds most famous celebrations will be in New York Citys Times Square where thou sands jam streets and sidewalks to yell cheer and have their toes and ribs bruised OUR WIRE SERVICES MIAMI President Kennedy reviewed the proud ranks of he ransomed Bay of Pigs in vaders Saturday and got a hunderous ovation from the 35 000 appreciative Cubans that jammed the Orange Bowl stad ium The President and his spanish speaking wife Jacqueline ar rived at the big football stadium shortly before 10 am CST and were greeted by shouts of Viva Kennedy libre Cuba The cheer that went up dwarfed any produced by the hundreds of football games held in the stadium in the past and there was a sea of fluttering white handkerchiefs a tradi tional Cuban greeting The presidential party entered the stadium from the north side and Kennedy walked across the field toward the speakers plat form flanked by Cuban leaders The crowd screamed with de light every step he the Cuban exiles stood and sang the United States and Cuban national anthems The prisoners stood smartly at attention in a huge U four deep around the speakers plat form set up in the middle of the field Then the President accompa nied by Manuel Artime civilian representative of the Cuban revolutionary in exile and an in vasion leader reviewed the ranks of the now famed Brigade 2506 As the President reviewed the troops stopping to shake hands and chat with many of the Pigs Bay prisoners his wife Jacque line stood on the platform talk ing with Jose Miro Cardona chairman of the revolutionary council The happy throng watching cheered each time Kennedy stopped to shake a hand and frequently cried Bravo and Viva Kennedy The President spent the most time chatting with one white haired brigade member and ob server noted tears streaming down the faces of many of the women in the crowd About halfway through the review of troops the crowd took up the chant Kennedy Kennedy Kennedy During the review one of the squadron commanders Tomas Cruz was so carried awav with emotion that he threw his arms around the President and gava him a big Abrazo hug Finishing touches to budget PALM BEACH Fla AP President Kennedy has sent his new budget director back to Washington o put the finishing touches on the administrations 196364 financial plans after three days of policy talks at the holi day White House Kcrmit Gordon sworn in Friday as chief overseer of the federal purse strings few back to Wash ington after dusk following a 90 minute conference with Kennedy Before departure Gordon said some changes might yet be made in the budget for the 1964 fiscal year that begins next July 1 It was apparent however that most of the key question marks were disposed of in meetings this week on tax cut plans military spending and legislative propos als involving aid to education and medical care for aged through So cial Security The KennedyGordon session Friday night was focused on the administrations 1963 legislative program and its effect on the forthcoming budget Some of the final questions about the record bilhon bud get due in midJanuary were re solved at a session at which Sec retary of Welfare Anthony J Ce ebrezze and Kennedy reviewed new education and medical care legislation they hope will be more palatable to
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